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RFE/RL NEWSLINE

RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol. 3, No. 114, Part II, 11 June 1999


________________________________________________________
RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol. 3, No. 114, Part II, 11 June 1999

A daily report of developments in Eastern and
Southeastern Europe, Russia, the Caucasus and Central
Asia prepared by the staff of Radio Free Europe/Radio
Liberty.

This is Part II, a compilation of news concerning
Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.  Part I
covers Russia, Transcaucasia and Central Asia and is
distributed simultaneously as a second document.  Back
issues of RFE/RL NewsLine and the OMRI Daily Digest are
online at RFE/RL's Web site:
http://www.rferl.org/newsline

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Headlines, Part II

* POPE MAKES HISTORIC SPEECH TO POLISH PARLIAMENT

* BALKAN STABILITY PACT LAUNCHED

* KOSOVA PEACE PROCESS ON TRACK

End Note: THE APPROACHING END OF THE 'PARTY OF POWER'
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EAST-CENTRAL EUROPE

LUKASHENKA SAYS 'ALL OF US LOST' IN BALKAN CRISIS. "Not
only [Yugoslav President Slobodan] Milosevic, but all of
us lost in the Balkans. We have suffered a crushing
defeat and we will soon convince ourselves [of that],"
Belapan quoted Belarusian President Alyaksandr
Lukashenka as saying on 11 June. The Belarusian
president also commented on the opposition presidential
election initiative and on Russian State Duma deputy
Viktor Ilyukhin's statement this week that U.S. special
services and NATO are preparing an operation in Belarus
to topple Lukashenka. "Those brainless people in the
West who plan such operations...do not know our reality.
There is no basis for shattering our society [to the
extent of] removing Lukashenka," Belarusian Television
quoted the president as saying. Lukashenka added that if
Milosevic asked for political asylum, Belarus would
granted it to him. JM

SLAVIC LAWMAKERS MULL INTEGRATION IN KYIV... Addressing
a forum of deputies from Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine in
Kyiv on 10 June, Ukrainian speaker Oleksandr Tkachenko
said the breakup of the USSR has led to a significant
decline in living standards in all three countries. He
appealed to the three to work together to overcome the
current crisis. Russian State Duma Chairman Gennadii
Seleznev said the three post-Soviet countries and
Yugoslavia should unite to form a union in the 21st
century. Russian Federation Council speaker Yegor Stroev
said Russia sees no contradiction between the Slavic
states' belonging to a union and simultaneously
maintaining their sovereignty. Stroev added that the key
task today is "to remove barriers impeding the
integration of the economies" of Russia, Ukraine, and
Belarus. JM

...WHILE UKRAINIAN FOREIGN MINISTER LOOKS WEST. Borys
Tarasyuk on 10 June held a meeting with parliamentary
deputies of the North-Atlantic Assembly, ITAR-TASS
reported. Tarasyuk said the development of a
"parliamentary dialogue with NATO has become an
important lever for Ukraine to gain a foothold on the
world arena." The minister stressed that "European and
European-Atlantic integration" remains Ukraine's top
priority. Referring to Kiev's bilateral ties with
neighboring states, he emphasized that they are aimed at
establishing a "safe zone of peace and stability" around
Ukraine. JM

UKRAINE SEEKS TO RESCHEDULE DEBT PAYMENT TO ING-BARINGS.
The Ukrainian government failed to pay $163 million to
the Dutch-based ING-Barings this week, but still hopes
to persuade the lender to reschedule the payment, AP
reported on 10 June. Ukraine has entered negotiations
with the bank, proposing to pay off only 20 percent of
the loan and convert the rest into state bonds.
According to the agency, ING Barings is reluctant to
accept the offer. Commenting on Ukraine's huge foreign
debt (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 10 June 1999), Finance
Minister Ihor Mityukov said there is a "large difference
between the obligations and means available to cover
them." JM

ESTONIAN PARLIAMENTARY MARATHON HALTED, TO RESUME NEXT
WEEK. Following a session that exceeded 20 hours (see
"RFE/RL Newsline," 10 June 1999), lawmakers recessed for
the weekend at midday on 10 June. The deputies had
discussed 59 of some 550 amendments by the end of the
extended session. The body will meet again on 15 July to
resume the debate over the negative supplementary
budget. Leaders from several opposition groups called
for dialogue as they introduced packages calling for a
drastically lower cut than the 1 billion kroons ($67
million) reduction proposed by the government. The
coalition, however, affirmed its resolve to push through
the necessary cuts and is investigating linking the
budget with a confidence vote, thus bypassing the delay
amendments process, according to Baltic news agencies.
MH

NO EVIDENCE TO CHARGE LATVIAN 'SPY.' The Prosecutor-
General's Office has issued a statement on the
"Daugavpils spy" case (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 3 June
1999) saying there is a lack of evidence to indict. The
security police ordered further investigation into the
case, as well as an examination of shortcomings during
the initial parts of this investigation, according to
BNS. LETA quoted "Chas" as saying that the alleged spy
is journalist Pavels Korsenkovs, who at the time was
conducting investigative journalism. MH

NEW LITHUANIAN GOVERNMENT APPROVED. The parliament on 10
June approved the government of Prime Minister Rolandas
Paksas. The vote for the government program was 80 to 18
with 22 abstentions. Broad support came from the former
ruling coalition of Conservatives and Christian
Democrats, while the Centrists abstained. The leftist
opposition mainly voted against the new government. MH

POPE MAKES HISTORIC SPEECH TO POLISH PARLIAMENT. Pope
John Paul II on 11 June addressed the Polish parliament
in the first-ever speech by the head of the Roman
Catholic Church to a national parliament. Even ex-
communist deputies knelt and crossed themselves as the
pope walked to a chair set up specially for him in the
parliament, AP reported. He gave the Vatican's full
approval Poland's efforts to join the EU, while
stressing that politics and economic development must be
based on ethical principles and spirituality. The packed
chamber, including former communist leader General
Wojciech Jaruzelski and Solidarity founder Lech Walesa,
gave the pontiff lengthy standing ovations. It also sang
the national anthem, followed by the traditional "Sto
lat" or "May He Live 100 years." JM.

POLAND WANTS TO PARTICIPATE IN BALKAN RECONSTRUCTION.
Polish Foreign Minister Bronislaw Geremek on 10 June
said that the Balkans need a new Marshall plan to build
democracy and stability in the region. Geremek stressed
that the most urgent thing now is to assist the Albanian
refugees and Serbs who suffered in the Kosova conflict.
"Poverty in the Balkans should cease to be a source of
destabilization for the entire continent," he told
Polish Radio. Geremek added that Poland could help in
the reconstruction of the Balkans, proposing that a
government commission be set up to draw up a plan for
such assistance. Geremek also announced that Poland and
Ukraine are considering the participation of a joint
battalion in the Kosova stabilization force. JM

POLISH SENATOR ADMITS BEING LUSTRATED. Jerzy Mokrzycki,
senator of the opposition Democratic Left Alliance
(SLD), said on 10 June that the Lustration Court has
begun examining his lustration statement, PAP reported.
Mokrzycki reconfirmed that he was never an employee of
or collaborator for the communist-era secret services.
The 10 June "Zycie" reported that the Lustration Court
has also begun proceedings against a SLD parliamentary
deputy from Olsztyn identified as Tadeusz M. Tadeusz
Matyjak, an SLD deputy from that city, commented that he
knows nothing about the court action and denied he was a
secret service agent. JM

CZECH GOVERNMENT RAISES MINIMUM WAGE. The cabinet on 9
June announced it will raise the minimum monthly wage to
3,600 crowns (nearly $ 1,000) from the current 3,250
crowns, CTK reported. Government spokesman Libor Roucek
said the change will come into effect on 1 July. MS

AUSTRIA TO BLOCK CZECH, SLOVAK EU ACCESSION? Austrian
Chancellor Viktor Klima on 10 June said he doubts
whether the Czech Republic and Slovakia are "taking
seriously the conditions for accession to the EU," CTK
reported. At a meeting with Austrian federal officials,
Klima said developments surrounding the Temelin nuclear
power plant, in the Czech Republic, and the Rohumce
nuclear facility, in Slovakia, are "worrying" and "a
source of concern about our partners not taking the EU's
conditions seriously enough." Nuclear power plant safety
is "a prerequisite" to becoming an EU member, he
stressed. Environment Minister Martin Bartenstein told
the gathering that safety measures at Temelin are "a
real obstacle" to Czech accession. Asked whether at the
Helsinki summit in December Austria will vote against
Slovakia's accession to the "fast-track" group, Austrian
Nuclear Safety Minister Barbara Prammer said "anything
is possible." MS

HUNGARY OUTLINES AUTONOMY PLAN FOR VOJVODINA. Hungarian
Foreign Ministry State Secretary Zsolt Nemeth on 10 June
outlined a three-tier autonomy draft plan for Vojvodina.
Nemeth told a regional stability conference in Cologne
that Budapest supports the ethnic Hungarian proposal for
the restoration of the autonomy the province enjoyed
from 1974-1989. The plan grants ethnic Hungarians the
right to elect their own representative bodies and
provides for setting up an alliance representing
settlements that have a Hungarian majority population.
It thus resembles the "three-tier autonomy" demand of
the Hungarian Democratic Federation of Romania. In other
news, Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban said the
cabinet demands that the peace plan drawn up by the
international community contain a special chapter
guaranteeing the protection of Serbia's 350,000-strong
Hungarian minority. The plan should "once and for all
rule out the possibility that the Hungarian community
become the focus of ethnic conflict," Orban concluded.
MSZ/MS

SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE

BALKAN STABILITY PACT LAUNCHED. Foreign ministers of the
G-8 countries and their counterparts from several
southeastern European countries agreed in Cologne on 10
June to establish a long-term program to promote
stability in the Balkans. Three "working tables" will
deal with democracy and human rights, economic
development, and security, respectively, the
"Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung" reported. German
Foreign Minster Joschka Fischer stressed that the EU
will play the key role in promoting regional stability,
the "Berliner Zeitung" wrote. The EU will be the main
source of funds for the project, the goal of which is to
prevent conflicts and integrate southeastern Europe with
the rest of the continent. Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder
said that the main task facing the region now is to
provide "the people with bread and work," Deutsche Welle
reported on 11 June. PM

KOSOVA PEACE PROCESS ON TRACK. NATO supreme commander
General Wesley Clark confirmed on 10 June in Brussels
that Serbian forces have begun withdrawing from Kosova
under the terms of the recent agreement between NATO and
Belgrade (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 10 June 1999). NATO
Secretary-General Javier Solana then ordered a
suspension of air strikes against Yugoslav targets. In
New York, the UN Security Council passed a resolution
that includes a peace plan for Kosova and provides a
mandate for the KFOR peacekeeping force. That mandate
will enable refugees and displaced persons to return
safely to their homes. China abstained from voting. PM

NATO BUILDUP IN MACEDONIA CONTINUES. U.S. Secretary of
State Madeleine Albright arrived in Skopje on 11 June to
meet with key NATO and Macedonian officials. Elsewhere,
hundreds of U.S. troops continued to arrive in Macedonia
from Albania (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 10 June 1999).
French and U.K. troops are expected to be the first NATO
troops to enter Kosova, probably on 11 or 12 June. The
U.K. will supply KFOR with some 12,000 troops based in
Prishtina. Germany's contingent will be 8,500-strong and
headquartered in Prizren. Some 7,000 French soldiers
will be stationed in Kosovska Mitrovica in the north. A
U.S. contingent of 7,000 will have its headquarters in
Gjilan, near the Macedonian border. Some 2,000 Italians
will be based in Peja. It is not yet clear what Russia's
role will be in the peacekeeping operation (see Part I).
PM

MILOSEVIC CLAIMS VICTORY. Yugoslav President Slobodan
Milosevic began a televised address on 10 June with the
words: "Happy peace to us all!" He maintained that "we
never gave up" Kosova and that Serbian sovereignty over
the province has been preserved. He added that "the
people are the heroes." Milosevic argued that the UN
ended the crisis and that troops stationed in Kosova
will [be there] under a UN mandate. He added that "we
have shown that our army is invincible. I am sure it is
the best army in the world." PM

ARTEMIJE TELLS SERBS TO STAY. Serbian Orthodox
Archbishop Artemije, who is the leading Serbian cleric
in Kosova and a critic of Milosevic, said in a statement
to Orthodox priests on 10 June that they should tell
their parishioners not to leave Kosova. He stressed that
the Serbs can "lose" Kosova only if they themselves
leave it, Vatican Radio reported. Momcilo Trajkovic, who
is a political leader of Serbs in Kosova and an ally of
Artemije, recently told a rally in Prishtina: "We ask
for the protection of the international community so we
can stay in our homes. Revenge is not a solution [to]
the crisis." PM

CLINTON PRAISES KOSOVA POLICY. U.S. President Bill
Clinton said in a televised address on 10 June that NATO
"did the right thing...the right way" in handling the
crisis in Kosova. He noted that "aggression against an
innocent people has been contained and is being turned
back." The president stressed that NATO remained united
throughout the crisis and that "we also preserved our
critically important partnership with Russia." The
president noted, as have several other Western leaders
in recent days, that Serbia will receive no
reconstruction aid as long as Milosevic remains in
power. PM

CHIRAC: FRANCE SAVED BELGRADE BRIDGES. French President
Jacques Chirac said in a televised interview on 10 June
that France had a veto power over "every single" NATO
air strike against Yugoslav targets and that it often
exercised that right over U.S. objections. He added that
he and other unnamed French officials used their veto to
prevent attacks on Belgrade's bridges and to limit the
number of strikes against targets in Montenegro,
particularly on the coast. Chirac argued that Milosevic
"surrendered." The French president added: "It is very
difficult to say why a tyrant gives in. It was very
difficult for [Milosevic] to continue resistance.... [In
the end he made] an unconditional capitulation. He
clearly was banking on direct or indirect support from
Russia, which he did not get," Chirac concluded. PM

ALBANIA, SLOVENIA EXPRESS CAUTIOUS OPTIMISM. Albanian
Prime Minister Pandeli Majko said in Tirana on 10 June
that "the deployment of NATO troops in Kosova is one of
the most significant achievements in establishing
[ethical] values in Europe since World War II." He added
that "like everyone else, we are waiting to see
developments. If Milosevic remains in power, anything is
possible," he concluded. His visitor, Slovenian Prime
Minister Janez Drnovsek, noted that the peace process
will be complicated and problems will arise. He added:
"We all hope today is the first day of a new era for
this region and that the war now will really stop,"
Reuters reported. PM

AUSTRALIAN DOCTOR SAYS UCK TROOPS WERE 'CANNON FODDER.'
Dr. Craig Jurisevic, who is an Australian physician of
Slovenian origin, told Reuters in Kukes on 11 June that
the Kosova Liberation Army (UCK) soldiers he has been
treating in his emergency surgical station were
"basically cannon fodder and they're fed up.... If this
cease-fire doesn't hold, there will be many more
avoidable deaths" among the Kosovar guerrillas.
Jurisevic argued that the troops do not have a
sufficient number of officers with them in the field.
"They're sitting there being shelled daily. They have
orders not to make an offensive and not to fire back so
as not to annoy the Serbs," Jurisevic added. PM

GERMANY PLEDGES AID TO ALBANIA. Heidemarie Wieczorek-
Zeul, who is minister for development assistance, said
in Bonn on 10 June that Germany will provide nearly $20
million in aid to Albania. She noted that Albania will
play a key role in the Balkan stability pact. She made
her remarks after meeting with Albanian Minister for
Economic Cooperation and Trade Ermelinda Meksi. PM

TWO KILLED IN ATTACK ON OSCE VEHICLE IN ALBANIA. Unknown
persons fired on an OSCE security vehicle in the lawless
Bajram Curri region on 10 June, killing the driver and a
technician. A third man was wounded. All five occupants
were Albanians. Daan Everts, who heads the OSCE mission
in Tirana, condemned the attack as a "ruthless act of
violence," Reuters reported. PM

ARBOUR TO LEAVE HAGUE COURT. Canadian Prime Minister
Jean Chretien on 10 June named Louise Arbour, who is the
chief prosecutor at the Hague-based war crimes tribunal,
to fill a vacancy on Canada's Supreme Court. She has
served just over two years of a four-year term at The
Hague. The UN Security Council will choose her
successor. Observers noted that a change in leadership
at the tribunal at a time of crisis in the Balkans could
make it difficult for the court to assert its role in
investigating war crimes and prosecuting those who
committed them. PM

SEPAROVIC RELEASED FROM CROATIAN POLICE DETENTION.
Police in Zagreb released Miroslav Separovic from
detention on 10 June after failing to find any evidence
in a search of his flat to substantiate charges that he
leaked confidential documents to the press (see "RFE/RL
Newsline," 10 June 1999). A spokesman for the
prosecutor's office of Zagreb county said, however, that
his office will conduct its own investigation of the
charges against Separovic, who is a former director of
the Croatian Intelligence Service. PM

ROMANIAN PARLIAMENT APPROVES ACCESS TO COMMUNIST POLICE
FILES. The Chamber of Deputies on 10 June voted by 244
to 13 to approve a law on access to the files of the
former secret police. Senator Constantin Ticu-
Dumitrescu, who initiated the law, said he is
"profoundly disappointed" by the legislation because
civil society representatives are not included on the
body that will supervise such access and because the
files will not be transferred to that body. He noted
that many categories defining those obliged to declare
links to the Securitate have been added to the law,
making it "inoperable." Dumitrescu criticized the narrow
definition of "informer" and the fact that active
diplomats and those still employed by the Romanian
intelligence service are exempt from having to reveal
their links. He said he hopes the law will be improved
by the commission that will mediate between its text and
that approved by the Senate. MS

WORLD BANK APPROVES ROMANIAN LOAN. The World Bank on 10
June approved a $300 million loan to promote the
restructuring of the private sector and another $25
million loan for "technical assistance" in that reform.
The same day, the government decided it will not extend
beyond 30 June the validity period for the offer to Bell
Helicopters Textron to take over the IAR aircraft
company in Brasov. The cabinet said it cannot meet
Bell's condition for governmental guarantees of $2
billion for the purchase of helicopters produced under
license for the Romanian army. The cabinet also decided
to accept the IMF- requested moratorium on the law
offering incentives to investors. Finally,
representatives of the government and teacher unions
said they have reached an agreement that will end the
ongoing teachers' strike. They said, however, that the
agreement will be publicized only after approval by the
unions' councils. MS

MOLDOVAN PRESIDENT MEETS TRANSDNIESTER LEADER. Petru
Lucinschi met in Chisinau on 10 June with the leader of
the separatist breakaway region, Igor Smirnov, RFE/RL's
Chisinau bureau and Infotag reported. The two leaders
first spoke alone and were later joined by Prime
Minister Ion Sturza and Smirnov's deputy, Viktor Sinev.
Lucinschi told journalists that the encounter was
"fruitful and covered a broad scope of problems." In
this context, he mentioned the implementation of earlier
accords, speeding up the negotiation process on the
breakaway region's status, the withdrawal of Russian
forces and their weapons, and finding solutions to
economic problems and energy problems. Also discussed
was the case of the "Ilascu group," which is being
detained in Tiraspol. Lucinschi said that ways to secure
the group's liberation are being sought. Smirnov said he
does not think Lucinschi "may order the bombing" of the
Transdniester and that he backs his initiative to change
the system of government to a presidential one. MS

MOLDOVAN POLITICIAN SENTENCED FOR INSULTING OFFICIAL.
Valeriu Matei, deputy chairman of the Moldovan
parliament and leader of the Party of Democratic Forces
(PFD), has been ordered to pay General Nicolae Alexe,
chief of the government's Department for Fighting
Organized crime, the equivalent of 100 minimum monthly
wages. The Chisinau Municipal Tribunal found Matei
guilty of having insulted Alexe during a search of the
premises of a company with which the PFD has close links
(see "RFE/RL Newsline," 31 March 1999), Flux reported on
9 June. MS

BULGARIA NEGOTIATING LOGISTIC SUPPORT AGREEMENT WITH
NATO. Deputy Foreign Minister Konstantin Dimitrov told
BTA that Bulgaria is negotiating with NATO an agreement
about extending logistic support to NATO peacekeepers
transiting its territory, AP reported. Transportation
Minister Wilhelm Kraus confirmed that NATO experts are
in Bulgaria, studying the country's transport
infrastructure (see also "RFE/RL Newsline," 3 June
1999). MS

BULGARIA PRIVATIZES FOUNDRY FOR $1. The Kremikowzi
foundry outside Sofia was privatized on 10 June for the
symbolic sum of $1, dpa reported. The Bulgarian company
Daru Metals and its Italian partner, Marccigalia,
acquired a 71 percent stake in the foundry at that
price. Daru metals is assuming 462 billion leva ( $247
million) of the foundry's debts, while the Bulgarian
state will cover the remaining 183 billion leva. Under
the deal, the buyers will also guarantee 8,708 jobs at
the foundry. MS

END NOTE

THE APPROACHING END OF THE 'PARTY OF POWER'

By Paul Goble

Economic failures, geopolitical isolation, and electoral
experience are combining to bring an end to the rule of
the "party of power," one of the most characteristic
features of the post-communist transition in the former
Soviet republics.
	An amorphous and non-ideological group consisting
of a non-party president, a politicized bureaucracy, and
a depoliticized government closely linked to non-
official groups, the party of power serves as a buffer
between Communists on the left and nationalists on the
right in the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Moldova, and
other post-Soviet states.
	At the present time, the party of power, both as a
concept and a reality, still dominates the political
landscape. But as Vladimir Bruger writes in the 26 May
issue of the Moscow newspaper "Nezavisimaya gazeta-
Sodruzhestvo," its days may be numbered because of
forces beyond its control. He suggests that it is likely
to be replaced by a politicized politics and a more
pragmatic political style.
	The first such force working against the continued
dominance of the "party of power" in these countries is
the continuing if not accelerating collapse of their
economies. Because the parties of power have justified
their remaining in office by pointing to the evils that
either the nationalists or Communists may bring, they
have often escaped public attack even if they have not
received much public support.
	But as the economic situation in these countries
has deteriorated, the parties of power no longer can
make that argument work to their advantage. "In contrast
to ideology or PR," Bruger writes, "economics demands an
accounting for everything that is done and not done."
And ever more people and politicians are deciding that
the alternatives denounced by the party of power may in
fact not be worse than the incumbents.
	The second force undermining the continuation of
this form of governance is the changing geopolitical
position of these countries. Immediately after the
collapse of communism, the first post-Soviet
governments--which included second-level party
nomenklatura officials as well as a thin stratum of
reformers--expected that the West would not only provide
substantial aid but would work to integrate these
countries into Western organizations.
	Neither has happened, at least as far as the
population can see, Bruger notes. As a result, ever more
people in these countries are prepared to consider
supporting parties of the left or the right advocating
policies that can be variously described as committed to
self-reliance or going it alone.
	And the third force is the growing electoral
experience of both politicians and the population in
these states. The parties of power were able to coopt
many politicians, and these ideologically based leaders
were all too willing to be coopted--because the party of
power had all the power--and all too willing not to
challenge the bases of the party of power because they
hoped eventually to use its levers themselves.
	One distinguishing characteristic of this tendency,
Bruger notes, is that in both Russia and Ukraine, the
political parties that form the parliamentary majorities
in parliament have accepted the designation of
opposition and have behaved as such.
	But that pattern is beginning to change as a result
of the pressures of electoral politics. Some of those
now aspiring to office were earlier cast out of the
party of power and have since changed their views. After
being fired as Russian premier, Viktor Chernomyrdin's
political party adopted a very different stand on the
constitutional arrangements that have allowed the
Russian party of power to control all decision-making.
	Even more important, as the populations of these
countries gain experience with elections, those
politicians who hope to win support are now being forced
to distance themselves from the failings of those
currently in power. Thus, as Bruger points out, Moscow
Mayor Yurii Luzhkov immediately declared that his new
party "cannot be held responsible for everything that
was done before us."
None of this necessarily sounds an immediate death knell
for the parties of power. The authoritarian traditions
of these countries mean that many leaders, even those
who head more ideologically based parties, prefer the
informal and backroom dealings that the parties of power
have practiced over the last few years. And in the past,
the parties of power have shown their ability to
manipulate the media and the political system during
elections and successfully maintain their positions of
power by portraying their opponents as more dangerous
than themselves.
	But economic collapse, international isolation, and
experience with elections have fragmented the parties of
power in all these countries, Bruger notes, thus
reducing their ability to respond to challenges. That
makes it ever more likely that over the next decade, the
current "party of power" system will give way to a more
ideologically and interest-based politics.
	That may produce bad things as well as good, Bruger
concludes. But he adds that it will at least mean that
the post-communist transition will enter a new phase,
one that will put still more distance between where
these countries will be and where they were in the
communist past.

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Please write to us with any comments, questions or suggestions -- Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole