|Во всяких выжных происшествиях жизни продолжают действовать два основных инстинкта нашего существования: инстинкт самосахронения и инстинкт любви. - П. Бурже|
RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol 3, No. 10, Part II, 15 January 1999
________________________________________________________ RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol 3, No. 10, Part II, 15 January 1999 A daily report of developments in Eastern and Southeastern Europe, Russia, the Caucasus and Central Asia prepared by the staff of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. This is Part II, a compilation of news concerning Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. Part I covers Russia, Transcaucasia and Central Asia and is distributed simultaneously as a second document. Back issues of RFE/RL NewsLine and the OMRI Daily Digest are online at RFE/RL's Web site: http://www.rferl.org/newsline xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Headlines, Part II * SLOVAK PARLIAMENT APPROVES DIRECT PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS * SHOOTING REPORTED ALONG PRISHTINA-PRIZREN ROAD * ROMANIAN MINERS SUSPEND STRIKE End Note: CROATIAN HARD-LINERS SEEK TO EXPLOIT HAGUE TRIBUNAL AS POLITICAL ISSUE xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx EAST-CENTRAL EUROPE KUCHMA APPOINTS TWO DEPUTY PRIME MINISTERS. At a 14 January cabinet session, Ukrainian Prime Minister Valeriy Pustovoytenko introduced Volodymyr Kuratchenko as newly appointed first deputy prime minister. Kuratchenko's main task is to "enforce order in the oil and gas sector," Ukrainian News quoted Pustovoytenko as saying. Kuratchenko, who was governor of the Zaporizhzhya region prior to his appointment, replaces Anatoliy Holubchenko. Pustovoytenko also said President Leonid Kuchma has appointed Mykhaylo Hladiy, former governor of Lviv Oblast, to the newly created post of deputy prime minister for agricultural issues. The prime minister added that the cabinet changes have not ended and that upcoming ones will be "significant." Also on 14 January, Kuchma dismissed Education Minister Mykhaylo Zhuravskyy and several deputy ministers. JM UKRAINIAN PARLIAMENT TO BEGIN ABOLISHING PRESIDENCY... In a third attempt, the Supreme Council has passed a motion that provides for abolishing the Ukrainian presidency (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 13 and 14 January 1999), Interfax reported on 14 January. By a vote of 237 to 26, the parliament decided to ask the Constitutional Court to rule on whether the parliamentary motion on abolishing the presidency conforms with the constitution. In the event of a favorable ruling, the parliament can vote on a constitutional amendment abolishing the post of president. A two-thirds majority (300 votes) is required for a constitutional amendment to be passed. JM ...RESORTS TO FISTICUFFS OVER VOTE TO JOIN CIS BODY. The same day, Communist and Rukh nationalist deputies came to blows over a vote whether Ukraine should join the CIS Interparliamentary Assembly, Reuters reported. The clash occurred after an electronic display in the legislature showed that the motion to join the CIS body had been rejected. Only 174 left-wingers voted in support of the motion. Speaker Oleksandr Tkachenko ordered a two-hour recess following the incident. JM BELARUSIAN OPPOSITION BRIEFS OSCE ON UPCOMING ELECTIONS. Anatol Lyabedzka and Uladzimir Nistsyuk, deputies of the Belarusian Supreme Soviet, which was abolished by President Alyaksandr Lukashenka in 1996, took part in a session of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly's Standing Committee in Vienna on 14 January, RFE/RL's Belarusian Service reported. In his opening speech, OSCE chairman and Norwegian Foreign Minister Knut Vollebaek said Belarus is not observing basic principles of the OSCE. Lyabedzka and Nistsyuk informed the session about the Supreme Soviet's decision to hold presidential elections on 16 May. They also said that the 4 April local elections in Belarus will take place under an undemocratic election law (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 16 December 1998). According to Nistsyuk, some 300,000 Belarusians fined for minor offenses or detained for participating in protest actions are prohibited from running in the elections. JM BELARUS TO PAY CASH FOR 20 PERCENT OF RUSSIAN GAS SUPPLIES. The 14 January "Izvestiya" reported that Belarusian Premier Syarhey Linh has agreed with his Russian counterpart, Yevgenii Primakov, and Gazprom head Rem Vyakhirev on Russian gas supplies to Belarus in 1999 as well as on supplies transiting that country. An agreement is to be signed after experts resolve the issue of Belarus's paying its $220 million gas debt. According to the daily, Linh promised to pay cash for 20 percent of Russian gas supplies. "Izvestiya" recalls that Belarus has already failed to fulfill its April 1998 obligation to pay for 26 percent of gas supplies in cash as well as to pay off a $225 million gas debt incurred before last April. "In actual fact, Belarus in 1997 paid in hard currency only for 8 percent of Russian gas supplies, while in 1998 [it] by no means [paid for] more" in cash, the daily concluded. JM ESTONIA'S CENTER PARTY, RURALISTS SIGN COOPERATION MEMORANDUM. The Center Party and the Country People's Party (EME) on 14 January signed a cooperation memorandum that may pave the way to those parties' forming a government coalition after the March general elections, ETA reported. Center Party leader Edgar Savisaar said the memorandum is non-binding and keeps open the possibility of cooperation with other political forces. In the latest poll conducted by the Saar institute, the Center Party led the field with 10.7 percent of the vote, while the EME came fifth with 9.5 percent backing. At the end of last year, four rightist opposition parties concluded a post-election cooperation agreement (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 4 January 1999). JC LATVIAN FOREIGN MINISTRY WANTS RETRACTION OF FABRICATED NATO INTERVIEW... Latvia's Russian-language newspaper "Respublika" has said that the "interview" with NATO Secretary-General Javier Solana that it published earlier this week was, in fact, a "compilation" of remarks allegedly made by Solana during his visit to Latvia last summer (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 14 January 1999). On 14 January, the newspaper published an explanation by Mikhail Mamilov, the author of the "interview," along with a letter from Solana in which the NATO chief denies either giving an interview to "Respublika" or making the comments attributed to him as well as Mamilov's apology to NATO's press office and Solana's staff, BNS reported. The Latvian Foreign Ministry, however, wants "Respublika" to fully retract the interview, saying that the newspaper's explanation is "not enough." JC ...WHILE AUTHOR DISMISSED AS LATVIA'S WAY SPOKESMAN. Meanwhile, Mamilov has been dismissed from the post of spokesman for Latvia's Way, the party of Prime Minister Vilis Kristopans. Latvia's Way Chairman Andrejs Pantelejevs was quoted by LETA as saying that even though Mamilov wrote the article as a reporter for "Respublika," the article is "perceived as written by Latvia Way's press secretary." He added, however, that Mamilov will most likely not be expelled from the party. The party's board is due to discuss the issue on 18 January, "Diena" reported on 15 January. JC LITHUANIAN PUBLISHES LISTS OF JOBS OFF-LIMITS FOR FORMER KGB EMPLOYEES. The government on 14 January released a list of jobs that former KGB employees are barred from holding under the controversial lustration law passed last year, BNS reported. The list includes Lithuanian Railways, the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant, electricity and energy suppliers, communications companies, the state-run Klaipeda seaport, air traffic control, and the oil and gas industry. The cabinet has also approved amending the criminal code to provide for fines on employers who refuse to fire former KGB agents from such companies. Meanwhile, a ruling by the Constitutional Court on the constitutionality of the lustration law, which President Valdas Adamkus has refused to sign, is expected next month. JC LITHUANIAN PARLIAMENT APPROVES DEFENSE BUDGET INCREASE. Lawmakers on 14 January voted by 80 to 12 to pass legislation that will incrementally increase defense spending to 1.95-2.00 percent of GDP by 2001 (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 11 January 1999), BNS reported. Parliamentary chairman Vytautas Landsbergis, who proposed the bill, said that Vilnius is "giving a signal" to Western states about its "serious intentions and preparedness for membership in Euro-Atlantic structures." Lithuania is regarded as a leading candidate for a potential second wave of NATO expansion. JC ISRAELI OFFICIAL PUTS PRESSURE ON VILNIUS OVER NAZI TRIALS. Israeli parliamentary chairman Dan Tichon said in Vilnius on 14 January that Lithuania must be "more vigorous" in prosecuting alleged Nazi war criminals. Tichon said that he had used meetings with President Valdas Adamkus and parliamentary speaker Vytautas Landsbergis to press the issue. His official visit comes just one week after the trials of Aleksandras Lileikis and Kazys Gimzauskas, both accused of handing over Jews to Nazi execution squads during World War II, were suspended pending medical tests to determine whether they are well enough to appear in court (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 7 and 8 January 1999). JC BALCEROWICZ ACCUSES COALITION PARTNER OF 'DESTROYING DEMOCRACY.' Deputy Premier and Finance Minister Leszek Balcerowicz, who is also leader of the Freedom Union (UW), told Polish Radio on 14 January that parliamentary deputies of the coalition Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS) are acting against the interests of the AWS-UW cabinet. "This practice is quite simply the destruction of democracy," he said. The UW has recently demanded that the AWS dismiss two ministers who, in the UW's opinion, opposed government policy by supporting a bill that slows privatization (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 12 January 1999). AWS leader Marian Krzaklewski appealed for an end to mutual accusations, saying on Polish Radio the same day that the current "coalition storm" can be overcome by discussing appropriate provisions of the 1997 coalition agreement. JM POLISH MILITARY DELEGATION REVIEWS CZECH FIGHTER PLANES. A Polish military delegation headed by First Deputy Defense Minister Kazimierz Dziok visited the Aero Vodochody aircraft company on 14 January to discuss the possibility of producing the L-159 light attack jet and its L-139 trainer in both countries, Reuters reported, citing the company's president, Scott White. U.S.-based Boeing took over the management of the loss-making Aero Vodochody in 1998, acquiring more than 30 percent of the company as part of a consortium. Aero Vodochody, which has upgraded the Czech-producesd L-159 with Western avionics, has been looking for new export markets after winning a contract to deliver 72 of the upgraded planes to the Czech airforce through 2002. MS CZECH PARLIAMENT REJECTS ABOLITION OF LUSTRATION LAW. By an overwhelming majority, the Chamber of Deputies on 14 January rejected a motion moved by the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia to rescind the lustration law. The law was passed in late 1991 for a five-year period and was later extended to 31 December 2000. It bans former Communist Party officials, communist secret police members, and members of the People's Militia's paramilitary units from holding senior state and business posts. MS SLOVAK PARLIAMENT APPROVES DIRECT PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS. The parliament on 14 January amended the constitution to provide for the election of the country's president by direct popular vote. The bill was supported by 93 out of the 108 deputies present, exceeding the necessary two-thirds majority in the 150- seat legislature by three votes. The bill stipulates that if no presidential candidate is backed by a majority of voters in the first round, a runoff between the two best-placed candidates is to be held two weeks later. Observers said presidential elections could take place in late April, CTK reported. MS SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE SHOOTING REPORTED ALONG PRISHTINA-PRIZREN ROAD. Police on 15 January prevented a Reuters reporter from leaving Prishtina on the road south to Prizren. The police told the journalist that the road is "unsafeЉbecause of the shooting [by] terrorists," which is the Serbian term for the Kosovar guerrillas. Later, Reuters quoted unnamed "eyewitnesses" as reporting "heavy fighting" in the Shtima area. An OSCE spokesman added that monitors are trying to verify reports of shooting in the Suhareka and Shtima areas along the Prishtina-Prizren road. In Prizren the previous day, unidentified gunmen killed two ethnic Albanians, who the state-run Tanjug news agency said were loyal to Serbia. PM UNEXPLAINED MILITARY MOVEMENT IN KOSOVA. OSCE monitors told AFP on 14 January that Yugoslav security forces carried out "significant" but unexplained troop movements in the Podujeva area in northern Kosova. A spokesman for the monitors said that tanks, armored personnel carriers, trucks, and jeeps were involved. The vehicles traveled northward from Podujeva early in the day but later returned. The spokesman added that "it is too early to tell" what the purpose of the movements is but that he is "perplexed" by them. PM NATO'S CLARK PESSIMISTIC ON KOSOVA. General Wesley Clark, who is the Atlantic alliance's supreme commander in Europe, said in Sarajevo on 15 January that "both sides [in Kosova] are preparing for a conflict should negotiations fail. There is a strong possibility, absent diplomatic agreement or some implicit understanding in the next six to eight weeks, that we will see resumption of very wide-scale fighting," Reuters quoted him as saying. PM UCK THREATENS TO 'CLOSE DOOR.' Bardhyl Mahmuti, who is a spokesman for the Kosova Liberation Army (UCK), told reporters in Geneva on 14 January that the guerrillas expect the Serbian authorities to free nine Kosovar prisoners following the UCK's recent hand-over of eight Serbian soldiers to the OSCE (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 14 January 1999). Mahmuti added that "if the Belgrade authorities refuse to free them, it will be the last time the international community or the people who come from the international community knock on our door. Our doors will be closed," AP reported. UCK officials maintain that the guerrillas freed the eight soldiers as part of a deal that the OSCE negotiated with the Serbs. Serbian spokesmen insist that Belgrade will never deal with the UCK, whom the Serbian authorities refer to as "terrorists." PM OSCE SAYS MILOSEVIC 'NOT COOPERATING.' Norwegian Foreign Minister Knut Vollebaek, who holds the rotating OSCE chair, said in Vienna on 14 January that Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic and his government "do not provide the [OSCE verification] mission with all the information, access and support it needs" in Kosova. Referring to the mission's problems, Vollebaek stressed that "not only have the practical challenges been tremendous, but the political obstacles are serious" as well. The Norwegian minister added that he recently told Yugoslav Foreign Minister Zivadin Jovanovic that Belgrade faces "continued isolation" if it fails to cooperate fully with the OSCE in Kosova. For several years, Milosevic has been seeking membership for Yugoslavia in the OSCE. That body has barred Belgrade because of its role in the wars in Croatia and Bosnia. PM VOLLEBAEK INVITES KOSOVARS TO VIENNA. Vollebaek also said in Vienna on 14 January that he wants representatives of all the main Kosovar factions to come to the Austrian capital for talks "very soon." He stressed that "the first and crucial step [in obtaining a political settlement in Kosova] is to bring the [ethnic] Albanians together in one unified negotiating approach." The Albanian government has invited the Kosovar leaders to Tirana for the same purpose (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 8 January 1999). PM SIMITIS SAYS EUROPE HAS NO POLICY ON FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. Greek Foreign Minister Kostas Simitis told the Madrid daily "El Pais" of 14 January that the fact that the U.S. has assumed the leading diplomatic role in the former Yugoslavia is "proof that Europe has yet to develop a common foreign policy," independent Belgrade Radio B-92 reported. Simitis added that "conflicting [national] interests" between individual EU member states are responsible for the lack of a unified policy. He pointed to the joint action of Greece and Italy in helping Albania overcome its security and other problems in 1997 and 1998 as an example of what EU countries are able to achieve in the Balkans if they put their minds to it. PM 'FERAL TRIBUNE' CLAIMS AUTHORITIES TRYING TO SHUT IT DOWN. The editors of the independent Split-based weekly "Feral Tribune" said in a statement on 14 January that the authorities are seeking to force the newspaper out of business by barring the state-run newspaper distributor, Tisak, from paying its debts to the weekly. The statement added that the debts for November and December alone amount to nearly $200,000. It concluded that "independent media in Croatia have been in an extremely difficult situation in the past--exposed to numerous lawsuits and police surveillance of journalists. Now their destruction is being prepared through the state's monopoly over newspaper distribution." Reuters quoted a spokesman for Tisak as saying that all the distributor's accounts "have been blocked" and that it is not able to pay its debts to all its clients, including some to whom it owes more than it does "Feral." PM ALBANIAN POLICE INCREASE SECURITY AROUND U.S. EMBASSY. An Interior Ministry spokesman told Reuters on 14 January that the Albanian police have stepped up their guard around the U.S. embassy in Tirana. The spokesman said that "there have been security problems," but he did not elaborate. "Shekulli" reported the previous day that the U.S. embassy "suspended operations" temporarily after receiving unspecified reports that it had been under "threat of attack" over the past week or so. According to "Albanian Daily News" of 14 January, however, an embassy spokesman has denied that report. The embassy has been closed to the public since shortly after the August 1998 bombings of the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. Some observers have linked those bombings to the prior arrest in Albania of agents of suspected terrorist Osama Bin Laden (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 30 November 1998). FS UN DISARMAMENT PROGRAM READY TO START IN GRAMSH. Bashkim Kozi, who is the chairman of the Gramsh district council, told ATSH on 14 January that a UN-sponsored disarmament program is ready to start in the second half of January. In cooperation with the OSCE, the UN plans to invest $500,000 in local infrastructure, employment, and telephone lines. In exchange, the government "hopes" that most local people will voluntarily surrender illegally held weapons. Gramsh is one of the most heavily armed towns in Albania because its citizens plundered a large arms arsenal there in early 1997. FS ROMANIAN MINERS SUSPEND STRIKE. Miners in the Jiu Valley have announced that they are suspending their strike until 18 January and that negotiations in Bucharest are to be resumed later on 15 January, Romanian Radio reported. The previous day, strikers dismantled two barricades set up by police on the road between Petrosani and Bucharest. Police left without opposing the miners, who then returned to Petrosani. Interior Minister Gavril Dejeu said the strikers are "testing" the police and denied that he ordered opening fire on the miners. The opposition Party of Social Democracy in Romania (PDSR), who accused Dejeu of giving such an order, is demanding that the minister's parliamentary immunity be lifted. Strike leader Miron Cozma said that more than 11,000 strikers have agreed in writing to march on Bucharest and that Oltenia region miners have pledged to travel to the valley in support of the strikers. MS LIBERAL PARTY SUSPENDS DEPUTY CHAIRMAN OVER STRIKE NEGOTIATIONS. Liberal Party chairman Mircea Ionescu- Quintus said on 14 January that the party's Central Standing Bureau, meeting two days previously, announced it is "suspending for one year" deputy chairman Viorel Catarama for having conducted negotiations with the striking miners in Petrosani last week. Ionescu-Quintus said Catarama "had no mandate" to do so. The government, too, has said that Catarama, who is chairman of the Senate's Economic Committee, was not empowered to negotiate (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 7 January 1999). Observers say the move may have more to do with the struggle in the Liberal leadership over Ionescu-Quintus' succession than with the strike. According to party statutes, the National Council must still approve the bureau's decision, RFE/RL's Bucharest Bureau reported. MS MAVERICK ROMANIAN SENATOR TO JOIN NATIONALIST PARTY? The anti-Hungarian Party of Romanian National Unity (PUNR) has officially invited maverick Senator George Pruteanu to join it, saying that Pruteanu may be nominated as its candidate in the 2000 presidential elections. Elected to the Senate on the list of the ruling National Peasant Party Christian Democratic (PNTCD) in 1996, Pruteanu spearheaded efforts to hinder the Hungarian Democratic Federation of Romania's demands for amending the education law in 1997. He was expelled from the PNTCD in March 1998 for "lack of discipline." Pruteanu told Mediafax he has also received offers to join the junior coalition Democratic Party, the opposition PDSR, and the Alliance for Romania, but he added that he has made no decision so far. MS MOLDOVAN PRESIDENT IN SWITZERLAND. Petru Lucinschi and his Swiss counterpart, Ruth Dreifuss, met in Bern on 14 January and signed an accord on avoiding double taxation. Lucinschi also met with Foreign Minister Flavio Coti, Flux and ITAR-TASS reported. A Swiss Foreign Ministry spokesman said Bern will encourage investments in Moldova. Lucinschi then traveled to Geneva to meet with World Trade Organization (WTO) chairman Denis Belisle. Chisinau Radio said the purpose of the meetings is to accelerate the process of Moldova's European integration and its adherence to WTO principles. In other news, AP reported that the Moldovan government on 13 January decided to reform the debt- ridden energy sector to attract foreign investment. To this end, it froze the state electricity company's 1. 3 billion lei ($152 million) debt to the state budget in order to make it more attractive to prospective investors. MS OIL SLICK BY-PASSES KOZLODUY. A spokesman for the Kozloduy nuclear plant on 14 January said the oil slick moving along the Danube river has passed Bulgaria's nuclear plant at Kozloduy without affecting its safety, Reuters reported. The Bulgarian authorities have requested that Yugoslavia provide information on the spill. They were told that its cause will be clarified by 15 January. MS END NOTE CROATIAN HARD-LINERS SEEK TO EXPLOIT HAGUE TRIBUNAL AS POLITICAL ISSUE by Andrej Krickovic In recent weeks, relations between the Croatian government and the Hague-based International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) have dramatically worsened. Croatia's political leadership has claimed that the ICTY discriminates against Croatians and has called into question its further cooperation with the tribunal. The ICTY has criticized the Croatian media for its "aggressive rhetoric" and has dismissed Croatian criticisms as baseless. Yet the ICTY's inability to bringing certain suspects to justice may be playing into the hands of hard-line forces in Croatia that are looking to make the "anti-Croatian bias" of the ICTY an issue in the upcoming parliamentary elections. Tudjman triggered the anti-Hague debate during a speech to Croatian generals at the opening of the Croatian Military Academy in December. He claimed that the Hague-based war crimes tribunal is preparing to issue warrants for the arrest of "five or six" Croatian generals who headed the 1995 offensive to retake territory seized by Serbian forces in 1991 and whom many Croats regard as heroes. Anti-ICTY feeling has also been bolstered by various subsequent events, to which Croatian state-run media have given an anti-Croatian spin. Bosnian Croat Anto Furundzija received a 10-year sentence for his role in the rape of a Muslim woman in 1993, and indictments have been issued against other Bosnian Croats, Mladen Naletilic "Tuta" and Vinko Martinovic "Stela", for crimes committed against Muslims in Mostar. Meanwhile Mile Mrksic, Veselin Sljivancanin, and Miroslav Radic, the three Yugoslav generals indicted by the court on charges of committing war crimes against Croatians during the Serbian siege of the Croatian town of Vukovar in 1991, were recently cleared of all criminal charges by a Belgrade Military court and live freely in the Serbian capital. In a recent interview in "Jutarnji List," Ivic Pasalic, President Franjo Tudjman's hard-line adviser on domestic politics and one of the ruling Croatian Democratic Community's (HDZ) leading politicians, said that an indictment of the Croatian generals would raise questions about Croatia's cooperation with the Hague- based tribunal. Pasalic pointed out that while 12 of the 26 suspects held in custody by the tribunal are Croats, none of those 26 suspects are charged with crimes against Croats. He went on to say that the tribunal is trying to relativize Serbian crimes and present Croatia as the worst aggressor in the war in order to force Croatia into future political associations with its Serbian and Bosnian neighbors. And he also announced that the issue of Croatia's cooperation with the court will soon be reviewed by the Croatian parliament. For her part, Louise Arbour, the chief prosecutor of the ICTY, has been quick to defend the record of the tribunal and has criticized the Croatian media for its "aggressive rhetoric" and for publicizing "pathetic inaccuracies about the court." She has said that it would be highly cynical of the Croatian leadership to cooperate with the court over indictments that do not threaten those in power and to withhold such cooperation over indictments of high-ranking Croatian officials. She has pointed out that Croatia has not fulfilled its obligations to provide the court with evidence and has claimed that the ICTY has done everything within its power to make Yugoslavia surrender suspects to the court. Yet, the ICTY has not been successful in this endeavor. Yugoslavia is an international pariah state subject to a host of sanctions by the international community The threat of further economic and diplomatic sanctions seems to have little influence on a leadership that is already isolated. It has been much easier for the ICTY and the international community to exert pressure on Croatia, which has much more to lose from sanctions and worsening relations with the international community. The ICTY has no police force of its own and depends on the international community to bring suspects indicted by the court to justice. In many cases, the political will on the part of the international community has been lacking, even when the tribunal has been eager to go after certain suspects. So far, the international community has been unwilling to turn up the pressure on Yugoslavia in order to bring its war criminals to justice. Tudjman has been looking to rattle his nationalist saber as Croatia gears up for parliamentary elections. In recent speeches, he has railed against internal enemies, threatened to use force against SFOR during the border dispute with neighboring Bosnia at Martin Brod, and praised the balancing role Russia plays in international politics. Croatian cooperation with the ICTY has become a convenient issue for Tudjman and his nationalist cronies to exploit for their own political purposes. The Court's failure to arrest anyone for crimes against Croatians has played into the hands of its pro- Tudjman critics. As long as the international community is unwilling to put pressure on Yugoslavia to extradite suspects indicted for war crimes in Croatia, the ICTY will be an attractive target for Tudjman's nationalist outpourings. The author is a freelance journalist based in Zagreb. xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Copyright (c) 1999 RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved. xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx HOW TO SUBSCRIBE Send an email to email@example.com with the word subscribe as the subject of the message. HOW TO UNSUBSCRIBE Send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the word unsubscribe as the subject of the message. 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