Coleridge declares that a man cannot have a good conscience who refuses apple dumplings, and I confess that I am of the same opinion. - Charles Lamb
RFE/RL NEWSLINE

RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol 3, No. 7, Part II, 12 January 1999


________________________________________________________
RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol 3, No. 7, Part II, 12 January 1999

A daily report of developments in Eastern and
Southeastern Europe, Russia, the Caucasus and Central
Asia prepared by the staff of Radio Free Europe/Radio
Liberty.

This is Part II, a compilation of news concerning
Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.  Part I
covers Russia, Transcaucasia and Central Asia and is
distributed simultaneously as a second document.  Back
issues of RFE/RL NewsLine and the OMRI Daily Digest are
online at RFE/RL's Web site:
http://www.rferl.org/newsline

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Headlines, Part II

* FORMER SLOVAK MINISTER SHOT DEAD

* PROMINENT KOSOVAR JOURNALIST KILLED

* ROMANIAN MINERS ESCALATE CONFLICT

End Note: IS THE COLD WAR REALLY OVER?
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

EAST-CENTRAL EUROPE

IMF TEAM ARRIVES IN KYIV TO DISCUSS RESUMING LOAN
TRANCHES. An IMF mission arrived in Kyiv on 12 January
to decide whether the fund should resume disbursing a
$2.2 billion loan. After releasing $335 million, the IMF
suspended the loan last November because of Ukraine's
poor tax collection and sluggish economic reforms. Prime
Minister Valeriy Pustovoytenko said on 11 January that
"practically all agreements with the IMF have been
implemented," but Ukrainian news agencies offered a
different picture. Ukrainian News reported that Ukraine
has met only 20 of the IMF's 141 requirements. In
particular, the government has not yet halted subsidies
to public utilities and transportation, announced it
will collect taxes in cash only, reduced tax privileges,
or boosted privatization efforts. Analysts predict that
Ukraine in 1999 may be forced to default on its foreign
debt if the fund decides not to resume releasing loan
tranches. JM

UKRAINIAN PARLIAMENT TO DISCUSS ABOLISHING PRESIDENCY?
Supreme Council Deputy Chairman Adam Martynyuk told
journalists on 11 January that this week the parliament
may consider abolishing the post of the Ukrainian
president, Ukrainian News reported. According to
Martynyuk, deputies will be asked to vote on whether the
parliament should debate a constitutional amendment that
reinstates a parliamentary republic and abolishes the
presidency. If at least 226 deputies support that
motion, the Constitutional Court will be asked to rule
on the "constitutionality of the issue," Martynyk added.
The amendment may be considered during the parliamentary
session that begins on 2 February. JM

NEWSPAPER ACCUSES UKRAINE OF STEALING RUSSIAN GAS. The
12 January "Nezavisimaya gazeta" reported that every day
Ukraine "steals" Russian transit gas worth $5 million
from gas pipelines on Ukrainian territory. According to
the newspaper, 2.5 billion cubic meters of Russian gas
in transit to Europe "vanished" from Ukrainian pipelines
in December 1998 alone. The report says the figures are
taken from two messages sent by Gazprom head Rem
Vyakhirev on 10 January to Ukrainian Prime Minister
Pustovoytenko and Supreme Council speaker Oleksandr
Tkachenko. "One has the impression that the Ukrainian
Cabinet of Ministers is purposely seeking to destabilize
relations between Gazprom and the European gas market.Š
How long is such an outrageous practice going to
continue?" "Nezavisimaya gazeta" quotes Vyakhirev as
asking Pustovoytenko. JM

MINSK SAYS PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN 1999 'LEGALLY
UNFOUNDED.' The Justice Ministry has said the opposition
Supreme Soviet's decision to hold presidential elections
on 16 May 1999  is "legally unfounded" (see "RFE/RL
Newsline," 11 January 1999), Belapan reported on 12
January. The ministry says the Supreme Soviet did not
observe the house procedures, which require a quorum for
adopting valid resolutions. That requirement, according
to the ministry, cannot be met since a majority of the
former parliament's members lost their status as Supreme
Soviet deputies when they joined the National Assembly
or took over government posts. Meanwhile, chairwoman of
the Central Electoral Commission Lidziya Yarmoshyna told
the pro-government "Sovetskaya Belorussiya" on 12
January that the opposition election initiative aims at
"deceiving and misleading the voters" during the ongoing
local election campaign. JM

EU AMBASSADORS TO RETURN TO MINSK ON 17 JANUARY.
Ambassadors of the five EU nations that have embassies
in Belarus--France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, and
Italy--will return to Minsk on 17 January, sources in
the British and German embassies told Interfax and dpa
on 11 January. They will return to Belarus for the first
time since 22 June 1998, when they left Minsk in protest
over their eviction from the Drazdy housing compound,
which had been declared President Alyaksandr
Lukashenka's residence. The return of the EU ambassadors
follows an agreement concluded by the EU and Belarus
last month (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 15 December 1998). JM

BELARUSIAN OPPOSITION GETS READY TO CONVENE ON 29-30
JANUARY. Belarusian opposition parties and non-
governmental organizations are electing their
representatives to a Congress of Democratic Forces of
Belarus, which is scheduled for 29-30 January in Minsk,
RFE/RL's Belarusian Service reported on 11 January.
Representatives of more than 100 NGOs in Vitsebsk Oblast
have chosen 40 delegates to the congress and proposed
launching a nationwide social and political movement,
called "For Belarus," with the aim of defending
Belarusian sovereignty and "deposing the country's
bankrupt leadership in a nonviolent way." The Belarusian
Popular Front, the country's largest opposition
organization, announced on 10 January that it will send
100 of its activists to the congress, but as
"representatives" rather than full-fledged delegates. JM

ECONOMIC DOWNTURN IN ESTONIA EXPECTED TO CONTINUE IN
FIRST HALF OF 1999. The  Estonian Market Research
Institute predicts that the economic downturn witnessed
in the fourth quarter of 1998 will continue during the
first half of this year, ETA reported on 11 January. As
a result of the Russian financial crisis, industrial
output and retail trade fell below 1997 levels in the
period September-December 1998, while demand for
Estonian products was low both on domestic and foreign
markets. The institute predicts that over the next six
months the situation will get worse before it begins to
improve. On a brighter note, it says there is no
economic crisis in Estonia. Interest rates are expected
to fall and share prices to increase while the volume of
foreign direct investment is expected to reach last
year's level. JC

ESTONIA'S PROGRESSIVE PARTY TO EXPEL 'DESERTERS.' The
Council of the Progressive Party has announced that it
will expel those members of the party who have opted to
run on the list of the Country People's Party (EME) in
the March general elections, ETA reported on 11 January.
Following the November 1998 ban on electoral alliances,
both the EME--a member of the four-party ruling
coalition--and the Progressive Party, led by minister
without portfolio responsible for nationality issues
Andra Veidemann, announced that they will compete on
their own tickets in the elections. The latest poll,
however, shows that while the Country People's Party
currently has 9.5 percent backing, the Progressive Party
would not clear the 5 percent hurdle for entry to the
parliament. JC

VAN DER STOEL IN RIGA. OSCE High Commissioner on
National Minorities Max van der Stoel, on a three-day
visit to the Latvian capital, has met with the Latvian
parliamentary Human Rights and Social Issues Committee
to discuss the draft state language law, BNS and LETA
reported on 11 January. The committee is currently
preparing the bill for its second reading. Committee
chairman Antons Seiksts told reporters that Van der
Stoel made no new recommendations regarding the law and
that whereas one year ago he had objected to any
regulation  of use of the state language in the private
sphere, the OSCE official now says that such use can be
regulated in so far as the interests of  workers and
consumers are concerned. At a meeting with the
parliamentary Education, Science, and Culture Committee,
Van der Stoel said that in adopting the laws on
education and the state language, Latvia must honor the
international obligations it has undertaken. JC

LATVIAN GOVERNMENT APPROVES 1999 DRAFT BUDGET. The
cabinet on 11 January approved this year's draft budget,
which foresees revenues at 1.41 billion lats ($2.82
billion) and expenditures at 1.47 billion lats, LETA
reported. Prime Minister Vilis Kristopans told
journalists that pushing the budget through the
parliament will a "difficult task," but he added that he
does not think there is anything in the draft to which
the parliament might strongly object. JC

KRISTOPANS ASKS PARLIAMENT TO POSTPONE DEBATE ON PORK
QUOTAS. The premier on 11 January asked the parliament
to postpone its debate on the government-proposed quotas
on imports of pork and live pigs from Estonia and
Lithuania, LETA reported. That debate was scheduled to
take place on 14 January. According to one of
Kristopans's advisers, the issue of pork quotas will be
reviewed by the cabinet on 12 January. The decision
comes on the heels of Kristopans's meeting with Estonian
Premier Mart Siimann in Tallinn last week (see "RFE/RL
Newsline," 8 January 1999). JC

SOLIDARITY'S COALITION PARTNER DEMANDS DISMISSAL OF TWO
MINISTERS. The Freedom Union (UW), the coalition partner
of the Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS), is demanding
that two AWS ministers be dismissed from the cabinet,
Polish media reported on 11 January. The UW says that
Jerzy Kropiwnicki, head of the government's Center for
Strategic Studies, and Kazimierz Kapera, minister for
family affairs, should be sacked because on 8 January
they backed a bill that would slow down privatization
and thereby is in conflict with the government's
policies. "The UW is reacting hysterically. Its
politicians voted against government-proposed measures
in the past and we did not tear our hair out,"
Solidarity spokesman Piotr Zak commented. Government
spokesman Jaroslaw Sellin said the two ministers will
keep their posts. JM

KWASNIEWSKI MEETS WITH ARAFAT. Polish President
Aleksander Kwasniewski visited the Palestine National
Authority area and met with Palestinian President Yasir
Arafat in Ramallah on 11 January, Polish media reported.
Arafat said Palestinian independence will be declared in
May. Kwasniewski avoided a question about his response
to the plan to declare Palestinian independence, saying
that Poland backs negotiations that will lead to
solutions "acceptable to all." At the same time,
Kwasniewski promised to increase the number of grants to
Palestinian students in Poland and to offer Poland's
expert and financial assistance in restoring Palestine,
"Gazeta wyborcza" reported. JM

CZECH GOVERNMENT BLOCKS "RACIST WALL.' The government on
11 January announced it will block the construction of a
fence in Usti nad Labed that would have separated an
apartment block housing Roma from the rest of the
neighborhood. Deputy Premier Pavel Rychetsky said the
cabinet will first attempt to persuade the town council
to abandon the plan and  then use legal means to prevent
the plan's implementation,  CTK reported. The government
also decided to postpone until March the search for a
solution to the removal of a pig farm in Lety from a
site intended for the construction of a memorial to
several thousand Roma interned there between 1939 and
1943. The farm is an important source of income for
local residents, who oppose  its closure. Government
Commissioner for Human Rights Petr Uhl, responding to  a
call by the International Romani Union  for governments
to provide compensation to Romani Holocaust victims,
said  such compensation "was not only a financial but a
moral question as well." MS

FORMER SLOVAK MINISTER SHOT DEAD. Police in Bratislava
on 11 January said an unidentified gunman shot dead Jan
Ducky, former economy minister and head of the state gas
industry (SPP), Reuters and AP reported. Ducky served in
the cabinet headed by Vladimir Meciar until mid-1996,
resigning his post to become head of the SPP. He was
dismissed from that post in November 1998, after
Meciar's defeat in the general elections in September.
While serving as economy minister, Ducky was criticized
by the then opposition parties for alleged involvement
in questionable privatization deals.  As SPP head, he
was criticized for the terms of several deals he
negotiated with Russia's Gazprom company.  Premier
Mikulas Dzurinda told journalists that Ducky's murder
may be "a signal" sent to the government not to
investigate past violations of the law. He said the
cabinet is determined to find Ducky's killers, CTK
reported. MS

SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE

PROMINENT KOSOVAR JOURNALIST KILLED. Unidentified gunmen
killed Enver Maloku in Prishtina on 11 January. Maloku
headed the Kosova Information Center (KIC) news agency,
which reflects the views of moderate shadow-state
President Ibrahim Rugova and his Democratic League of
Kosova. No one has claimed responsibility for the death
of Maloku. Regional and international media reports
suggest that Kosovar extremists may have been
responsible for the killing. KIC reported in its
obituary of Maloku that he survived an assassination
attempt in July 1998 but that the authorities have yet
to investigate the incident. Maloku was a journalist
with the Albanian-language section of Radio-Television
Prishtina until the Serbian authorities closed it in
1990. He joined KIC when it was founded in 1991 and
headed it after 1993. KIC's obituary called Maloku "a
man of integrityŠ[whom] we will sorely miss." PM

UCK TO BEGIN FREEING PRISONERS? A spokesman for the
Kosova Liberation Army (UCK) said in Geneva on 11
January that the guerrillas "might" soon free some of
the eight Yugoslav soldiers whom they have held since
the weekend as prisoners of war (see "RFE/RL Newsline,"
11 January 1999). The UCK's goal remains to obtain the
release of nine guerrillas held by the Serbs, the
spokesman added. Belgrade's independent Radio B-92
quoted one of the Serbian captives as saying that the
UCK is treating them well. PM

VOLLEBAEK WARNS UCK THAT 'TIME IS SHORT.' Norwegian
Foreign Minister Knut Vollebaek, who holds the rotating
OSCE chair, said in Belgrade on 11 January that Yugoslav
President Slobodan Milosevic agreed to an extension of
the deadline for the UCK to release the eight men before
the Yugoslav army intervenes to free them. Vollebaek did
not specify what either the original deadline or the
extended date are, but he stressed that "it is very
important that the UCK knows that we are very short of
time." The next day in Prishtina, he called on the UCK
to release the  men unconditionally. Deutsche Welle
quoted OSCE representatives as saying they warned the
Yugoslav military not to try to free the prisoners
because the UCK is holding the men in a remote
mountainous area covered in ice and snow. PM

ALBANIA OFFERS MEDIATION IN HOSTAGE CRISIS. Foreign
Ministry spokesman Sokol Gjoka said in a statement on 11
January that Albania is working to help resolve the
hostage crisis in Kosova. He added, however, that the
international community must exert pressure on Belgrade
to "stop the war" there, "Albanian Daily News" reported.
Gjoka described the hostage crisis as "a grave incident
that sets tensions spiraling" but "should not be viewed
separately from the course of other [recent] serious
incidents." He was referring to Serbian attacks on UCK
positions in northeastern Kosova earlier this month. FS

RUGOVA'S PRIME MINISTER WANTS UCK INVOLVED. Shadow-state
Prime Minister Bujar Bukoshi told AP in Tirana on 11
January that a "future government of Kosova must be
formed with the participation of all political forces,
including the [UCK]." Bukoshi is the third high-ranking
Kosovar politician to meet with Prime Minister Pandeli
Majko this year. The other two are the UCK's political
representative Adem Demaci and the nationalist Rexhep
Qosja, who is a prominent academic and leader of
Kosova's United Democratic Movement, which is in
opposition to the LDK. Majko is trying to persuade all
Kosovar political forces to adopt a joint strategy. He
has also invited Rugova to Tirana (see "RFE/RL
Newsline," 8 January 1999). FS

ALBANIA CHARGES YUGOSLAVIA WITH AIRSPACE VIOLATIONS. A
spokesman for the Interior Ministry accused federal
Yugoslavia on 11 January of violating Albanian airspace,
Reuters reported. He said that a plane flew 500 meters
into Albania near the village of Morina, which is
located close to the road linking Kukes with Prizren. It
was the second airspace violation in three days (see
"RFE/RL Newsline" 11 January 1999). FS

KOSOVA SERBS TO GO OWN WAY? Some 500 members of Kosova's
Serbian minority attended a meeting in Prishtina on 11
January to protest what they said was their
"abandonment" by Milosevic and the Belgrade authorities.
Momcilo Trajkovic, who heads the local Serbian
Resistance Movement, said that time has come for the
Serbs of Kosova "to take things into their own hands."
He stressed that the Serbs "have nowhere to go and do
not want to leave" the province. Trajkovic argued that
the Serbs must use only peaceful means and should set up
as soon as possible a Serbian National Council headed by
Serbian Orthodox Bishop Artemije. The council would
represent the Serbs of Kosova at any talks dealing with
the province's future, BETA news agency reported (see
"RFE/RL Balkan Report," 6 January 1999). Artemije called
for talks with the ethnic Albanians. He stressed that
his goals are "a democratic Serbia in a democratic
Balkan region in a united Europe." PM

POPLASEN WARNS NATO OF POSSIBLE REPRISALS... Hard-line
Republika Srpska President Nikola Poplasen wrote in a 11
January letter to U.S. General Montgomery Meigs, who is
NATO's top commander in Bosnia, that "nobody can take
responsibility for the possible reactions of disturbed
and dissatisfied citizens." He was warning SFOR
peacekeepers that Bosnian Serbs might seek revenge for
the recent killing by NATO soldiers of Dragan Gagovic,
who is a Bosnian Serb indicted war criminal (see "RFE/RL
Newsline," 11 January 1999). Poplasen called the killing
"the deliberate liquidation of one more Serb who had no
chance to prove his innocence." NATO troops have
evacuated "all foreign staff" from Foca, where the
killing took place, AP reported on 11 January. The local
mayor described the atmosphere there as tense. PM

...WHILE WESTENDORP HOLDS FIRM. The international
community's Carlos Westendorp said in a statement issued
in Sarajevo on 11 January that "appropriate measures
must be taken against those individuals responsible for
inciting or committing violent acts against the
international community." He was referring to an attack
by angry Serbs on the UN police station in Foca
following the killing of Gagovic (see "RFE/RL Newsline,"
11 January 1999). PM

ZAGREB WARNS ARBOUR. Croatian Deputy Prime Minister
Ljerka Mintas Hodak said on Croatian Television on 11
January that Louise Arbour, who is the Hague-based war
crimes tribunal's chief prosecutor, was unjustified in
her recent public criticism of Croatia's record of
cooperation with the court (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 7
January 1999). Mintas Hodak charged that Arbour had
tried to act as prosecutor and judge at the same time.
The deputy prime minister stressed that Croatia will
cooperate with the court in keeping with the provisions
of the constitution and Croatian "national interests."
PM

SUSPECTED CROATIAN SMUGGLER ARRESTED. A police spokesman
said in Zagreb on 11 January that police arrested Zeljko
Maglov in Split the previous day. Maglov is wanted on
charges of running an international smuggling ring that
stole 34 luxury cars, $200,000 worth of staple foods,
and 2,000 liters of oil before police broke it up in
1997. Maglov was arrested that year but jumped bail
before his trial. Police suspect that the former
military police commander involved more than a dozen
military and police officials in his smuggling
operation, AP reported. In one incident during the
Croatian offensive of 1995 in Krajina, he "captured"
some 2,000 hams in the Drnis area, "Jutarnji List"
added. PM

ROMANIAN MINERS ESCALATE CONFLICT. Striking miners in
the Jiu Valley have rejected an agreement reached the
previous day by a miners' delegation and the government,
RFE/RL's Bucharest bureau reported on 11 January.
According to that agreement, the mining company's $355
million debt to the state budget would be written-off
provided the miners agreed to a cost-cutting program for
the mining industry. The miners demand that President
Emil Constantinescu intervene to solve the conflict and
that either the president or Premier Radu Vasile travel
to the valley for negotiations by no later than 12
January. MS

EXTREMIST ROMANIAN SENATOR TO LOSE PARLIAMENTARY
IMMUNITY? Prosecutor-General Mircea Criste has begun
proceedings to lift the parliamentary immunity of
Greater Romania Party (PRM) chairman Corneliu Vadim
Tudor on charges of  "insulting the authorities." In a
an open letter to the miners last week, Tudor sharply
criticized President Constantinescu, Senate Chairman
Petre Roman, and Industry and Trade Minister Radu
Berceanu, saying, among other things, that
Constantinescu will "soon be behind the same bars" as
miners' leader Miron Cozma before his trial. Cozma is a
member of the PRM. Tudor may also lose his immunity over
his appearance on private Tele 7abc on 8 January, when
he presented an alleged "diary" of actress Rona Hartner
attesting to an affair with Constantinescu. Hartner said
the diary was forged, and a presidential spokesman
denied the allegations. Criste announced his office will
launch legal proceedings against Tudor on slander
charges. MS

FORMER ROMANIAN DEFENSE MINISTER TO STAND TRIAL. The
Supreme Court on 11 January backed an appeal by the
Prosecutor-General's Office against a lower court's
decision in November 1997 to suspend proceedings against
Victor Stanculescu. The former defense minister was
charged with fraud and complicity to fraud in connection
with the purchase of telecommunications equipment for
the army during his term in office from 1990-1991. The
proceedings were suspended on the grounds that a
minister cannot be charged without the approval of the
parliament or the country's president, Mediafax
reported. In other news, the National Statistics Board
reported that inflation in 1998 was 40.6 percent, just
below the government forecast of 45 percent. MS

IMF RESUMES LENDING TO MOLDOVA. Mark Horton, the IMF
representative to Moldova, announced on 11 January that
the fund will resume lending to Moldova, Infotag
reported.  Horton said a $35 million tranche will be
disbursed later this week. A $190 million three-year
loan to Moldova was approved in May 1996, and the IMF
released three $52.5 million tranches between then and
July 1997, when disbursement was halted owing to the
country's poor economic performance. Horton said the IMF
is now "commending" Moldova for having adopted strict
financial policies and for having approved a "cautious"
state budget for 1999. At the same time, the fund urged
the speedy implementation of privatization programs and
of reforms in the health and education systems, the
pension system, and public administration.  Flux
reported that the World Bank has also resumed loans to
Moldova, approving a $35 million loan for structural
reform and privatization. MS

FORMER BULGARIAN KING ROBBED IN SOFIA. Thieves stole a
cellular telephone belonging to former King Simeon II
and jewelry belonging to his daughter from their hotel
room in the Bulgarian capital, dpa reported on 11
January, citing the daily "Standart." The former
monarch's third visit to his country ended last weekend.
MS

END NOTE

IS THE COLD WAR REALLY OVER?

by Paul Goble

	A leading Russian foreign policy analyst has
suggested that the Cold War is not yet over, an argument
that not only challenges most assumptions about that
conflict but also underscores the difficulties its
participants may have in cooperating in the future.
	Writing in the current issue (No. 5, 1998) of the
Russian foreign policy journal "International Affairs,"
Sergei Kortunov argues that the Cold War has not been
about ideology or the containment of the Soviet Union,
as Western writers claim, but rather reflects the West's
"total rejection" of "the legitimacy and legality of
historical Russia."
	Kortunov, who is the vice president of the Russian
Foreign Policy Association, makes a number of points in
support of this position. He says that Moscow won World
War II "as Great Russia not as a Red Empire." He insists
that neither the Soviet Union nor Stalin had any
ambitions after 1945 and that that the West rejected all
Moscow's efforts to ease conflict.
	And he argues that the West not only continued but
expanded on the Nazi approach toward Russia by promoting
the idea of "mythical" states to dismember the Russian
heartland. Indeed, he says, "the world anti-Russian
center moved from Berlin to Washington" following the
defeat of Nazi Germany.
	Consequently, no right-thinking Russian, Kortunov
adds, can accept the idea that the West has been "right"
during the Cold War because that would mean not simply
"the renunciation of Communism" but the acceptance of
"the fallacy of the entire Russian historical idea--of
the entire Russian Orthodox idea in history." That, in
turn, would mean accepting what he suggests is the
Western view of Russia as an evil empire or even--and
here he quotes former U.S. National Security Adviser
Zbigniew Brzezinski--"a redundant country."
	Unfortunately, Kortunov goes on, "the most
democrats" in Russia itself do not deny Moscow's
"defeat" in the Cold War or conceal their "joy" over it
or even their role in bringing it about. And he cites
with approval the observation of one Russian analyst
that "it is much more convenient for the 'democrats' to
pretend that the West has never carried on an
unrelenting struggle against our former motherland,
Russia-USSR, and that it was only by our own efforts
that we destroyed the 'evil empire.'"
	Kortunov argues that any fair-minded assessment
will show that "strictly speaking, the Russian
Federation was 'fighting' against the USSR on the side
of the West" and that only after the 1991 breakup have
some Russians begun to recognize that they have been
helping the West to pursue an anti-Russian rather than
anti-Soviet strategy.
	On the one hand, Kortunov's article offers nothing
new. All his arguments have been made by Soviet
ideologues in the past and by Russian nationalist
writers in more recent times. And all his positions have
been dismissed by the most serious scholars in both
Russia and the West.
	On the other hand, Kortunov's argument is striking
both substantively and politically.
	Substantively, his suggestion that the Cold War is
not over and will continue until the West accepts
Russia's legitimacy and even its moral equivalence
highlights the deep suspicion many Russians now have
about the West.
	Politically, the appearance of this article in
Russia's premier foreign policy journal, one addressed
not only to its own diplomats but also to the West,
indicates that ever more people among the Russian
political elite share Kortunov's anti-Western positions.
	And by providing ideological justification for
those in Moscow who want to adopt a tougher line against
the West, Kortunov's argument may become a self-
fulfilling prophecy, exacerbating tensions between East
and West to such an extent that he and others will be
seen as justified in claiming that the Cold War is not
yet over.
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