Discovery consists of seeing what everybody has seen and thinking what nobody has thought. - Albert Szent-Gyorgyi
RFE/RL NEWSLINE

RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol 2, No. 212, Part II, 3 November 1998


________________________________________________________
RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol 2, No. 212, Part II, 3 November 1998

A daily report of developments in Eastern and
Southeastern Europe, Russia, the Caucasus and Central
Asia prepared by the staff of Radio Free Europe/Radio
Liberty.

This is Part II, a compilation of news concerning
Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.  Part I
covers Russia, Transcaucasia and Central Asia and is
distributed simultaneously as a second document.  Back
issues of RFE/RL NewsLine and the OMRI Daily Digest are
online at RFE/RL's Web site:
http://www.rferl.org/newsline

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Headlines, Part II

* KWASNIEWSKI'S SKEPTICISM ABOUT REPRIVATIZATION SPARKS
CRITICISM

* GEORGIEVSKI VOWS CHANGES IN MACEDONIA

* ALBANIAN CUSTOMS SEIZE KOSOVA-BOUND ARMS

End Note: CROATIAN ECONOMIC GROWTH SLOWS
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

EAST-CENTRAL EUROPE

UKRAINE PROTESTS RUSSIAN 'TERRITORIAL CLAIMS' ON
SEVASTOPOL. The Ukrainian Foreign Ministry has protested
what it called "territorial claims on Ukraine" made by
the Russian State Duma last month, Reuters reported on 2
November. Georgii Tikhonov, head of the Duma Committee
for CIS Affairs, had said during a debate on the
Russian-Ukrainian treaty that "according to all domestic
and international documents, Crimea's port of Sevastopol
was never given to Ukraine." Other Duma deputies had
supported that statement. "Ukraine decisively rejects
any claims on the territorial unity of the state, in
consideration of the fact that they do not contribute to
creating an atmosphere of trust and mutual understanding
between Ukraine and the Russian Federation," the
ministry said in a statement. JM

KUCHMA INSTRUCTS GOVERNMENT TO CUT WAGE ARREARS.
Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma on 2 November gave the
government one week to draw up urgent measures to meet
all current payments and cut wage arrears, ITAR-TASS
reported. Meanwhile, some 500 coal miners from
throughout Ukraine are expected in Kyiv on 3 November to
picket the government building in order to protest
unpaid wages. JM

U.S. MAY CONSIDER BELARUS'S OFFER IN DIPLOMATIC HOUSING
ROW. The U.S. embassy in Minsk said on 2 November that
Washington may consider Belarus's offer to provide a new
residence for its ambassador (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 29
and 30 October 1998), Reuters reported. The embassy said
the U.S. will view the offer only if the Belarusian
government presents a "reliable legal guarantee of
immunity for any future residence." It added that
Washington currently has no plans to send its ambassador
back to Minsk. "The American side has made it clear to
the Belarusian leadership that this is not an issue
about housing but about principles," the agency quoted
an unnamed U.S. embassy official as saying. JM

BELARUSIAN OPPOSITION NEWSPAPER ROBBED. Belarus's
opposition newspaper "Naviny" has been robbed of four
computers and a fax machine, Belapan and AP reported on
2 November. The computers contained the newspaper's
archives, files, databases, and some 2,000 photographs.
"I do not exclude that it was the work of secret
services. Some valuable and more sellable things--
monitor, compact disk player, and very expensive
Japanese television set--were left intact," "Naviny"
chief editor Ihar Hermyanchuk told AP. He said the staff
is now looking for somebody to lend them new computers,
adding that the newspaper will not be closed. Last year,
the newspaper, which at the time published under the
name of "Svaboda," was banned for articles presenting
the views of political opponents of Belarusian President
Alyaksandr Lukashenka. It resumed publication after two
months under its current name. JM

ESTONIAN GOVERNMENT READY TO COMPROMISE ON DRAFT BUDGET.
The cabinet on 2 November said it is prepared to amend
its 1999 draft budget in order to reach a compromise
with the opposition, ETA reported. According to the news
agency, the government is ready to make the draft "more
conservative." Government spokesman Daniel Vaarik said
the cabinet will consult economic experts and find a
compromise with the opposition, which had rejected the
draft as "overly optimistic," before making any
decisions. Earlier on 2 November, Vaarik had denied
press reports that the cabinet was to consider resigning
over the parliament's rejection of the draft budget (see
"RFE/RL Newsline," 2 November 1998). JC

THREE LATVIAN PARTIES SIGN COALITION AGREEMENT. Latvia's
Way, the Fatherland and Freedom party, and the New Party
have signed an agreement on forming a coalition and
supporting the prime ministerial candidate of Latvia's
Way, Transport Minister Vilis Kristopans, BNS and
Reuters reported on 2 November. "This deal is the core
for a coalition--with 46 seats--which would work
together to form a government," Andrejs Pantelejevs,
chairman of Latvia's Way told journalists. He noted that
"the worst case scenario would be a minority cabinet,"
adding that if the coalition cannot reach an agreement
with the People's Party, which won last month's
elections, it may turn to the leftist Social Democrats.
President Guntis Ulmanis has said he will announce his
candidate for premier on 3 November, when the new
parliament is scheduled to convene. JC

LITHUANIAN DEPUTIES URGE CREATION OF IGNALINA
COMMISSION. Some 28 parliamentary deputies of various
political stripes have signed an appeal to set up a
commission that, among other things, would study
alternative sources of energy to the Ignalina nuclear
power plant, BNS reported on 2 November. Christian
Democrat Jonas Simenas told a news conference that
Lithuania would be able to produce as much electric and
thermal energy as it needs without the Ignalina plant.
While admitting that it is much cheaper and more
"useful" to use atomic energy, he urged that
preparations for closing Ignalina be started. Meanwhile
at another news conference, Democratic Labor Party
leader Ceslovas Jursenas said Lithuania is not ready to
close the plant, which, he argued, is not "the real
hindrance" to Lithuania's bid to join the EU. He
suggested that European criticism of Ignalina stems from
the perception that "we are their competitors with our
cheap electric energy." JC

KWASNIEWSKI'S SKEPTICISM ABOUT REPRIVATIZATION SPARKS
CRITICISM. Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski told
the Berlin daily "Tagesspiegel" on 1 November that he is
"skeptical" about the possibility of "total
reprivatization" (meaning returning or compensating
former owners for property confiscated by the state
after the war). "Rzeczpospolita" reported on 3 November
that Kwasniewski's statement has provoked criticism from
politicians of the Solidarity-led coalition. "This is a
very bad signal for the EU. We must remember that
reprivatization is one of the conditions of our entry
[to the EU]," commented Jan Lewandowski of the Freedom
Union. Solidarity Electoral Action spokesman Piotr Zak
said the statement was "improper," adding that Poland
must return confiscated property "in kind, if
possible...or in other forms." "Rzeczpospolita" suggests
that Kwasniewski was mainly skeptical about satisfying
compensation claims by German postwar expellees from
Poland. JM

IRAQ SAYS RFE/RL BROADCASTS WILL HARM CZECH RELATIONS.
Iraqi Foreign Minister Mohammed Said al-Sahaf told the
Iraqi parliament on 2 November that Prague has been
warned that the decision to allow RFE/RL broadcasts to
Iraq "will have a [negative] impact on economic and
trade relations between the two countries," Reuters
reported. RFE/RL began broadcasting to Iraq and Iran on
30 October. Both governments have criticized the new
services as "interference" in their internal affairs.
RFE/RL President Tom Dine has stressed the broadcasts
will reflect the radios' core values of democracy: free
expression, the rule of the law, and respect for human
rights. MS

HUNGARIAN PRIME MINISTER GREETS SLOVAK COUNTERPART. In a
letter addressed to new Slovak Prime Minister Mikulas
Dzurinda, Viktor Orban wrote "we hope that the
inauguration of the cabinet headed by you will open new
perspectives for the many-sided development of
Hungarian-Slovak relations," Hungarian media reported on
3 November. Orban also wrote that the inclusion of
ethnic Hungarian representatives in the Slovak
government will facilitate ensuring the rights and needs
of the Hungarian minority. Orban expressed his readiness
to meet with Dzurinda in the near future. MSZ

SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE

GEORGIEVSKI VOWS CHANGES IN MACEDONIA. Ljubco
Georgievski, whose coalition won both rounds of the
recent Macedonian parliamentary elections, said in
Skopje on 2 November that his main goal as prime
minister will be to promote "serious changes" in the
domestic economy by ending corruption, encouraging
private enterprise, and attracting foreign investment
(see "RFE/RL Newsline," 2 November 1998). Georgievski
added that he plans "no radical changes" in foreign
policy. Vasil Tupurkovski, his coalition partner, said
that the government will include ethnic Albanians and
will therefore have a broad base for governing. He added
that the government will work to improve inter-ethnic
relations and that there will be "equal rights for all."
It is unclear which ethnic Albanians he intends to
include in the cabinet. Some 23 percent of Macedonia's
population is ethnic Albanian. There are also sizable
communities of Turks, Roma, and Serbs. PM

HILL BEGINS TALKS WITH KOSOVARS. U.S. Ambassador to
Macedonia Christopher Hill, who is Washington's chief
envoy in the Kosova crisis, arrived in Prishtina on 3
November for talks with the Kosovar leadership. The
previous day, he discussed a draft political settlement
for Kosova with Serbian President Milan Milutinovic in
Belgrade. Hill told reporters that the 2 November date
mentioned in the agreement between Yugoslav President
Slobodan Milosevic and U.S. special envoy Richard
Holbrooke is not a "deadline" for obtaining a
settlement, adding that he hopes to have a cut-off date
"within weeks." Western diplomats believe that the first
step toward that goal will be for diplomats to assist
the various Kosovar groups in formulating a common
policy among themselves, the "Financial Times" wrote on
3 November. Observers noted, however, that the plans
that U.S. and Yugoslav officials have discussed fall far
short of the minimum that most Kosovars are willing to
accept (see "RFE/RL Bosnia Report," 21 October 1998). PM

DID FRENCH NATO OFFICER SPY FOR SERBIA? French police
arrested on suspicion of espionage Major Pierre Bunel,
who worked at NATO headquarters in Brussels as a liaison
officer between the alliance's Military Committee and
the civilian authorities to whom the military report.
The arrest took place in Paris on 1 November. The French
authorities believe he provided Serbian agents with
information about likely NATO targets in Serbia in the
event that the Atlantic alliance launched air strikes
against that country. It is unclear how Bunel's
superiors came to suspect him of espionage, the
"International Herald Tribune" wrote. He reportedly told
French investigators that he spied out of sympathy for
Serbia and not for money, according to "The Guardian."
The incident is the latest in a series in which French
military and diplomatic personnel have been suspected of
abusing their positions to help the Serbs, the London-
based daily added. PM

MONTENEGRO APPEALS TO PERISIC. Deputy parliamentary
speaker Rifat Rastoder appealed on 2 November in
Podgorica to General Momcilo Perisic, who heads the
Yugoslav army's general staff, to stop taking legal
measures against young Montenegrins who ignored their
induction notices during the recent conflict in Kosova.
Rastoder also called on Perisic to issue an amnesty for
those youths, RFE/RL's South Slavic Service reported
(see "RFE/RL Newsline," 30 October 1998). Meanwhile in
Ulcinj, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for
Population, Refugees, and Migration Julia Taft visited a
refugee camp for refugees from Kosova. She had earlier
observed the conditions facing displaced persons in the
Serbian province. PM

WORLD BANK WARNS BOSNIA. Rory O'Sullivan, who heads the
World Bank's mission to Bosnia, said on 2 November in
Sarajevo that smuggling and customs evasion remain a
"serious issue" in that country. He noted that officials
in the mainly Croatian and Muslim federation as well as
in the Republika Srpska have recently taken unspecified
moves to crack down on smugglers, but he added that much
smuggling still goes unpunished. O'Sullivan argued that
international aid donors are unlikely to offer
additional funds to Bosnia as long as corruption and
smuggling remain rampant. Much of the illegal activity
is carried out by mafia-like structures linked to the
political and military establishments of the two
entities. PM

SARAJEVO LAUNCHES ZOO PROJECT. SFOR peacekeepers
completed work on restoring the grounds of the Sarajevo
zoo and clearing the area of mines on 2 November.
Bosnian officials will finish rebuilding the zoo by next
spring and have received offers of animals from several
European zoos. Director Safet Harbinja told Reuters that
the zoo will contain only animals indigenous to the
Balkans. All pre-war animals died or were killed during
the three year-long Serbian siege of the capital, and a
sniper killed one keeper in a well-publicized incident.
PM

ALBANIAN CUSTOMS SEIZE KOSOVA-BOUND ARMS. Customs
officials in the port of Durres on 1 November found
sophisticated sniper rifles, communications equipment,
and ammunition in two containers that arrived from
Switzerland aboard a Croatian ship, dpa reported. The
containers were bound for northern Albania and also
contained clothes, blankets, and mattresses for Kosovar
refugees. Customs officials discovered the arms when,
after one week, nobody had arrived to collect the goods.
Albanian and Swiss authorities have started joint
investigations. FS

WORK ON DURRES FERRY PORT BEGINS. The Italian company
Cosmar has begun work on upgrading the Durres ferry
terminal, ATSH reported on 1 November. The World Bank is
financing the project to the tune of $11 million. World
Bank Deputy President Johannes Linn said in Tirana the
following day that the World Bank plans to grant Albania
a total of $150 million over the next three years. It
has already provided $300 million since 1992. FS

ITALIAN CUSTOMS START PATROLLING ALBANIA'S COAST.
Italian customs speed boats arrived at the southern
Albanian island of Sazan on 1 November as part of an 80-
strong Italian police force that will patrol the
southern Albanian coast(see "RFE/RL Newsline," 29
October 1998). Last month, the Italian and Albanian
interior ministers signed an agreement providing for
such a force. The patrols aim at stemming illegal
migration and smuggling across the Otranto straits, ATSH
reported. Elsewhere, Albanian authorities have expelled
62 illegal immigrants including 32 Iraqi and 25 Turkish
citizens as well as five Palestinians. They had entered
Albania last week from Greece and were arrested in a
village near Fier, dpa reported. Albanian police,
meanwhile, have increased road controls around the port
of Vlora to catch illegal immigrants before they have a
chance to embark. FS

FRANCE INTERESTED IN ROMANIAN AIRCRAFT COMPANY. Prime
Minister Radu Vasile, who is on a three-day visit to
France, said on 2 November that France's Eurocopter
company is interested in acquiring a stake in the
Ghimbav IAR aircraft company in Brasov. He said the
French company, under whose license the PUMA helicopter
was produced in Brasov between 1974 and 1996, wants to
modernize and resume production of the PUMA military
aircraft as well as produce helicopters for civilian
purposes. Vasile said France's interest gives "a new
dimension" to the talks now under way with Bell Textron
Helicopters on the privatization of Gimbav-IAR, which
must be concluded by 31 December. Also on 2 November,
the government announced that final offers have been
received from Italy' STET and Greece's OTE companies for
stakes in RomTelcom. MS

DEMOCRATS DENY ISSUING 'ULTIMATUM' TO COALITION.
Democratic Party chairman Petre Roman on 2 November said
that his party has not "issued an ultimatum" to the
ruling coalition but added that the coalition pledged to
implement "concrete reforms" within six months of Radu
Vasile's cabinet taking office. Roman said this was "the
last chance" for the coalition to fulfill its mandate.
The government on 2 November announced that the law on
the restitution of nationalized housing and the
protection of tenants will be debated in the parliament
under regular procedure rather than under the "emergency
procedure," to which the Democrats object. In turn, the
Democrats said their draft on setting up a state company
for the management of state-owned land will be withdrawn
from the Senate's agenda "for two weeks." MS

SHARP FALL IN MOLDOVAN CURRENCY'S VALUE. The Moldovan
national currency has dropped from 6.4 lei to 10 lei to
the U.S. dollar, Infotag reported on 2 November. The
devaluation came after National Bank chairman Leonid
Talmaci announced at a meeting of a newly created
government commission that the bank will no longer
intervene to support the leu. Talmaci said that
intervention by the National Bank since early September
has resulted in the country's hard currency reserves
dropping from $300 million to $200 million. He also said
the decision to stop intervention is a "temporary
measure." AP reported that the National Bank also
decided to require commercial banks to sell 25 percent
of their U.S. dollars to the central bank, up from 8
percent, as previously required. MS

BULGARIA PROTESTS MACEDONIAN TREATMENT OF JOURNALISTS.
Foreign Minister Nadezhda Mihailova on 2 November
summoned Macedonian ambassador to Sofia Nikola
Todorchevsky to protest against Macedonia's refusal to
allow the entry of two Bulgarian journalists who
intended to cover the 1 November elections, an RFE/RL
correspondent in the Bulgarian capital reported.
Mihailova said Macedonia was duty-bound to allow
observers and journalists to monitor the democratic
course of the ballot. BTA reported that the Macedonian
authorities also barred former Bulgarian consul to
Skopje Rumen Elenski from entering Macedonia on 31
October. MS

TURKEY BACKS PLODVIV AS BASE FOR BALKAN PEACEKEEPING
FORCE. National Assembly Chairman Yordan Sokolov,
returning from Turkey on 31 October, said Prime Minister
Mesut Yilmaz now backs Plodviv, southern Bulgaria, as
the base for the Balkan peace keeping force. Sokolov
said Turkey is insisting only that the command of the
force be rotated among participants, BTA reported.
Speaking before a visit to Turkey scheduled for 4-6
November, Prime Minister Ivan Kostov expressed concern
over the illegal immigration of Bulgarian Turks to
Turkey, which he said was prompted by economic reasons,
the Turkish Anatolia agency reported. He added that the
influx into Turkey will stop in the near future if
Bulgaria's economic situation continues to improve and
if the country gains EU membership. MS

END NOTE

CROATIAN ECONOMIC GROWTH SLOWS

by Michael Wyzan

	The growth of Croatia's GDP has slowed markedly
this year, after soaring by about 6 percent annually
during the previous three years.
	In the first half of 1998, GDP grew by 3.4 percent,
compared with 6.5 percent in 1997 as a whole.
Forecasters are predicting that economic growth for the
entire year will be at about the same rate as in the
first half. However, the growth of industrial production
has accelerated this year, with such production
increasing at an annual rate of 6.9 percent during
January-August, compared with 3.9 percent last year.
	The slowdown reflects a conscious tightening of
monetary and fiscal policy in an attempt to reduce the
current account deficit, which rose from 4.5 percent of
GDP in 1996 to a very high 12.5 percent last year. It is
also a result of the turbulence on world markets, which
will limit the growth of exports and make capital flows
more volatile.
	While GDP growth has slowed, retail price inflation
is higher: the twelve-month rate to September was 5.8
percent, compared with 3.6 percent at the end of 1997.
This increase does not reflect a rise in underlying
inflationary trends, since it is due largely to the 2.4
percent inflation in January that resulted from the
introduction of a 22 percent value-added tax (VAT) that
month.
	In a statement on the Croatian economy issued in
July, the IMF identified rapid growth of wages and bank
credit as well as an easing of fiscal policy as
contributing to the surge in the current account
imbalance in 1997. The fund is especially concerned
about a lack of discipline among public enterprises,
which have borrowed heavily at home and abroad,
increased wages rapidly, and accumulated large overdue
payables and receivables.
	The authorities have had varied success in dealing
with such matters this year. In terms of the local
currency (the kuna), gross monthly wages in August were
14.5 percent higher than a year earlier. Although gross
dollar wages are up only slightly over a year ago, at
about $620 they remain the second highest among
transition economies (after Slovenia). The unemployment
rate remains very high at around 16 percent.
	A broad measure of the money supply grew by less
than 17 percent in the year to August, compared with
almost 38 percent from December 1996 to December 1997.
Tightened monetary policy early this year failed to slow
banks' lending activities. And the Central Bank in April
mandated that banks taking out foreign loans (or making
loan guarantees for foreign loans) deposit with it a
percentage of the loan (or guarantee) in kuna. These
developments resulted in a slowdown in credit growth. In
response to more difficult borrowing conditions on
international markets, these measures were abolished on
14 October for loans with maturities of more than one
year.
	A strong revenue performance by the new VAT and
growth in privatization revenues have contributed to an
increase in central government budget revenues by 42
percent during January-July over the same period in
1997. During the same period, budget expenditures rose
by only 25 percent. As a result, last year's deficit of
about 1 percent of GDP has turned into a small surplus.
	The motivation behind these fiscal and monetary
measures was to rein in domestic demand and reduce the
current account deficit. Those goals appeared to have
been achieved: the deficit is currently projected to be
7-8 percent of GDP, after falling in the first half of
the year by 8.9 percent, compared with January-June
1997.
	During the first half of 1998, exports were $3.8
billion, virtually identical to the level from January-
June 1997, while imports totaled $5.4 billion, down from
$5.6 billion. While the trade deficit fell by 4 percent
during the first seven months, it is expected to be down
by 14 percent for 1998 as a whole. December 1997 saw a
large surge in imports as part of a consumption boom
that occurred immediately before the introduction of VAT
in January.
	So far, the authorities have not contemplated
dealing with external imbalances by letting the kuna
weaken. Between September 1997 and September 1998, it
fell only from 3.55 to 1 German mark to 3.68. With a
small foreign debt and little foreign portfolio
investment, Croatia is seen by observers as not being
particularly vulnerable to attacks on its currency.
	Achieving sustainable rapid growth will depend on
progress in various areas of structural reform,
including improving bank supervision, privatizing large
banks and enterprises, and completing trade reform in
line with Croatia's application to join the World Trade
Organization. An exercise in voucher privatization has
just been completed, with seven investment funds and
11,500 individuals identified as "victims of war"
bidding for shares in 471 companies.

The author is a research scholar at the International
Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Laxenburg,
Austria.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
               Copyright (c) 1998 RFE/RL, Inc.
                     All rights reserved.
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

HOW TO SUBSCRIBE
Send an email to newsline-request@list.rferl.org with
the word subscribe as the subject of the message.

HOW TO UNSUBSCRIBE
Send an email to newsline-request@list.rferl.org with
the word unsubscribe as the subject of the message.

For subscription problems or inquiries, please email
listmanager@list.rferl.org
________________________________________________
CURRENT AND BACK ISSUES ON THE WEB
Back issues of RFE/RL Newsline and the OMRI Daily Digest
are online at: http://www.rferl.org/newsline/search/
_________________________________________________
LISTEN TO NEWS FOR 23 COUNTRIES
RFE/RL programs are online daily at RFE/RL's 24-Hour
LIVE Broadcast Studio.
http://www.rferl.org/realaudio/index.html
_________________________________________________
REPRINT POLICY
To receive reprint permission, please contact Paul Goble
via email at GobleP@rferl.org or fax at 202-457-6992
_________________________________________________
RFE/RL NEWSLINE STAFF
* Paul Goble, Publisher, GobleP@rferl.org
* Liz Fuller, Editor-in-Chief, CarlsonE@rferl.org
* Patrick Moore, Team Leader, MooreP@rferl.org
* Jan Cleave, CleaveJ@rferl.org
* Julie A. Corwin, CorwinJ@rferl.org
* Jan Maksymiuk, MaksymiukJ@rferl.org
* Bruce Pannier, PannierB@rferl.org
* Michael Shafir, ShafirM@rferl.org

FREE-LANCE AND OCCASIONAL CONTRIBUTORS
* Pete Baumgartner, Jolyon Naegele, Fabian Schmidt,
Matyas Szabo, Anthony Wesolowsky

RFE/RL Newsline Fax: (420-2) 2112-3630
_________________________________________________
RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, PRAGUE, CZECH REPUBLIC

[English] [Russian TRANS | KOI8 | ALT | WIN | MAC | ISO5]

F&P Home ° Comments ° Guestbook


1996 Friends and Partners
Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole
Please visit the Russian and American mirror sites of Friends and Partners.
Updated: 1998-11-

Please write to us with your comments and suggestions.

F&P Quick Search
Main Sections
Home
Bulletin Board
Chat Room
F&P Listserver

RFE/RL
1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
Search

News
News From Russia/NIS
News About Russia/NIS
Newspapers & Magazines
Global News
Weather

©1996 Friends and Partners
Please write to us with any comments, questions or suggestions -- Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole