It is easier to love humanity than to love one's neighbor. - Eric Hoffer
RFE/RL NEWSLINE

RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol 2, No. 53, Part I, 18 March 1998


___________________________________________________________
RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol 2, No. 53, Part I, 18 March 1998

A daily report of developments in Eastern and Southeastern Europe, Russia,
the Caucasus and Central Asia prepared by the staff of Radio Free
Europe/Radio Liberty.

This is Part I, a compilation of news concerning Russia, Transcaucasia and
Central Asia. Part II covers Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe and
is distributed simultaneously as a second document.  Back issues of RFE/RL
NewsLine and the OMRI Daily Digest are online at RFE/RL's Web site:
http://www.rferl.org/newsline

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

ALL BROADCASTS FOR SIX SERVICES LIVE ONLINE
All programs of RFE/RL's Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kyrgyz, Russian
and Ukrainian Services are online live in RealAudio. The Russian Service
broadcasts 24 hours a day, seven days a week. To tune in, go to:
http://www.rferl.org/realaudio/

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Headlines, Part I

* CIS SUMMIT POSTPONED

* DOCTORS SAY YELTSIN CAN WORK AT HOME

* WAS ARMENIAN VOTE FAIR AND FREE?

* End Note: TRAPPED BY DEMOCRACY?

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx



REGIONAL AFFAIRS

CIS SUMMIT POSTPONED. The Russian presidential press service on 17 March
confirmed the postponement of the CIS Customs Union summit and the summit
of CIS presidents, planned for 18 and 19-20 March, respectively, RFE/RL's
Moscow bureau reported. President Boris Yeltsin has instructed Deputy Prime
Minister Ivan Rybkin, CIS Affairs Minister Anatolii Adamishin, and First
Deputy Foreign Minister Boris Pastukhov to travel to CIS states to
coordinate new dates for those meetings. CIS Executive Secretary Ivan
Korotchenya told Interfax that the meetings are likely to be rescheduled
for 23 and 24 April. A Kremlin statement said Yeltsin was eager to attend
the summits but was forced to follow doctors' orders while he recovers from
a respiratory infection. However, some Russian commentators believe
Yeltsin's health was merely a pretext for postponing the summit.
"Kommersant-Daily" argued on 18 March that the delay was prompted by a
rapidly worsening "illness" of the CIS itself (see also item below). LB

CIS LEADERS EXPRESS REGRET AT SUMMIT POSTPONEMENT... Several CIS leaders on
17 March said they wished Yeltsin a speedy recovery and called on CIS
officials to use the extra month profitably, Interfax reported. Kazakh
President Nursultan Nazarbayev said he hopes the "sudden interval" will
give other leaders a chance to conduct a "deeper study of Kazakhstan's
proposals." Nazarbayev was scheduled to speak at the CIS summit and the
meeting of the four-country customs union. Tajik President Imomali
Rakhmonov said he was disappointed that the summit is delayed, as his
country is due to be accepted into the four-country customs union. BP

...OFFER VARIOUS EXPLANATIONS FOR DELAY. Ukrainian Deputy Foreign Minister
Anton Buteiko said the postponement is due to technical and other reasons,
not Yeltsin's illness, Interfax reported on 17 March. Buteiko said
uncertainty about whether Azerbaijani President Heidar Aliev would attend,
conditions set by Georgia for its participation, and the Armenian
presidential elections are the more likely the reasons. He also said
Ukraine did not receive all the documents to be discussed at the summit.
But Russian CIS Affairs Minister Adamishin said on 18 March that everything
has been prepared for the summit and that all documents are in the
appropriate hands, RFE/RL's Moscow bureau reported. He stressed that
Yeltsin's health is the only reason for the summit's delay. BP

RUSSIAN, MOLDOVAN PREMIERS MEET. Viktor Chernomyrdin and his Moldovan
counterpart, Ion Ciubuc, met in Moscow on 17 March, ITAR-TASS reported. The
two agreed to start work on an economic cooperation program  for the years
1999-2008. Chernomyrdin commented that bilateral relations have progressed
to the point where "we can plan for ten years of cooperation." An agreement
was also signed on protection of investments. Chernomyrdin announced that
negotiations on Transdniester will take place in Odessa on 20 March,
according to the Russian news agency. He will attend along with the
presidents of Ukraine and Moldova as well as the Transdniester leadership.
BP

COMMUNISTS MARK ANNIVERSARY OF USSR REFERENDUM. Supporters of several
communist groups demonstrated outside the Moscow embassies of all former
Soviet republics, except for Belarus, on 17 March, the anniversary of the
1991 referendum on preserving the USSR. In that referendum, 76 percent
voted in favor of preserving the union. (They were not given the option of
voting for independence from the USSR, and the referendum was boycotted by
the Baltics, Armenia, Georgia, and Moldova.) Demonstrators did not picket
the Belarusian embassy but sent instead a message of support to Belarusian
President Alyaksandr Lukashenka. Interfax reported that some of the 100
protesters outside the Latvian embassy in Moscow threw eggs at the building
and shouted slogans denouncing "fascism" in Latvia, a reference to the
recent rally by veterans of the Latvian SS Legion in Riga earlier this week
(see "RFE/RL Newsline," 16 and 17 March). LB

GORBACHEV SAYS CONSIDERED FORCE TO PRESERVE USSR. Former Soviet President
Mikhail Gorbachev says he considered using force to prevent the
disintegration of the USSR. In an interview with Interfax on 17 March,
Gorbachev said he decided to seek other ways to preserve the union in order
to avoid bloodshed and dividing the country. He argued that the Soviet
Union was not doomed, even after the failed August 1991 coup. Rather,
Gorbachev believes that actions by the Russian leadership, led by President
Boris Yeltsin, were "the key in deciding the fate of the Soviet Union."
Gorbachev added that while he "fought for the union to the end," he does
not currently favor efforts to restore the USSR. Instead, he supports an
economic alliance which in the long term could become a confederation. LB

BULGARIA, KAZAKHSTAN, TO COOPERATE ON OIL, GAS TRANSPORT. A
Bulgarian-Kazakh governmental commission agreed late last week to work out
plans for a partnership in the transportation of oil and natural gas from
the Caspian Sea to southern, central, and western Europe, an RFE/RL
correspondent in Sofia reported. Bulgarian Transportation Minister Wilhelm
Kraus said Kazakhstan has shown interest in the Black Sea ports of Varna
and Burgas, which could be used for bringing Caspian oil and  gas to
European markets. MS

TURKMENISTAN AGREES WITH RUSSIA ON GAS SHIPMENTS. Following telephone
conversations that Turkmen President Saparmurat Niyazov had with Russian
Prime Minister Chernomyrdin and Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma, at least
tentative agreement appears to have been reached on renewing shipments of
Turkmen gas to Ukraine, ITAR-TASS and Interfax reported. Niyazov and
Chernomyrdin reportedly agreed on shipping 20 billion cubic meters of
natural gas to Ukraine this year through Russian pipelines. But neither the
price per 1,000 cubic meters of gas nor transit fees for use of Russian
pipelines have been revealed. Both those issues were sticking points during
negotiations in January, when Chernomyrdin and Gazprom head Rem Vyakhirev
visited Turkmenistan. BP

RUSSIA

DOCTORS SAY YELTSIN CAN WORK AT HOME. The presidential press service
announced on 18 March that Yeltsin's condition has improved, and doctors
have said he may work while recuperating at his Gorky-9 residence outside
Moscow. The statement said that Yeltsin is coughing less and has a normal
temperature and that blood tests have shown his respiratory infection has
been controlled. It is unclear when Yeltsin will return to work at the
Kremlin. He has been resting at Gorky-9 since 13 March and four days later
canceled all official meetings for this week. LB

PROSECUTOR OPENS CRIMINAL CASE AGAINST ZHIRINOVSKY. The
Prosecutor-General's Office on 18 March officially informed the State Duma
that it has opened a criminal case against Liberal Democratic Party of
Russia leader Vladimir Zhirinovsky on charges of "hooliganism," RFE/RL's
Moscow bureau reported on 17 March. Zhirinovsky caused a fracas during a
Duma session on 11 March. The Duma need not give its permission for a
criminal investigation against one of its members, but Zhirinovsky could
not be prosecuted unless the Duma voted to lift his immunity. Grigorii
Yavlinskii's Yabloko faction agreed to participate in the 18 March Duma
session following the decision by the Prosecutor-General's Office. Some
Russian commentators have noted that Zhirinovsky's recent antics dominated
news broadcasts and thereby deflected attention from calls for pressing
criminal charges against top government officials (see "RFE/RL Newsline,"
12 March 1998). LB

NEMTSOV DENIES PRESIDENTIAL AMBITIONS. First Deputy Prime Minister Boris
Nemtsov has again denied that he intends to run for president in 2000. In
an interview published in "Kommersant-Daily" on 17 March, a year after he
was appointed to the government, Nemtsov said he has no "clans, magnates,
or groupings" to support him. He repeated his belief that Yeltsin would be
better than other likely candidates for the post. In addition, Nemtsov
accused bureaucrats and powerful businessmen of putting up "savage
resistance" to reforms. Also on 17 March, Nemtsov published a long article
in "Nezavisimaya gazeta" arguing that Russia must reject "oligarchy" and
"crony capitalism" in favor of a "democratic" market. He acknowledged that
the federal government has in the past helped enrich "oligarchs," but he
said several steps away from that policy were implemented in 1997. At the
same time, Nemtsov slammed the Moscow city bureaucracy for dominating
virtually all aspects of business in the capital. LB

RUSSIA EXPELS TWO NORWEGIAN DIPLOMATS. The Russian Foreign Ministry on 17
March summoned the Norwegian ambassador in Moscow and informed him that
Russia is expelling a counselor at the Norwegian embassy in Moscow and
Norway's consul in Murmansk for "activities incompatible with their
official status." That phrase is a diplomatic euphemism for spying, and the
move is a tit-for-tat response to Norway's recent expulsion of two Russian
diplomats, whom Oslo accused of spying (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 13 and 16
March 1998). Norwegian Foreign Minister Knut Vollebaek said the Russian
expulsions are "unnecessary, groundless, and regrettable," Reuters
reported. At the same time, ITAR-TASS quoted Vollebaek as saying that Oslo
"has no plans to react further." Meanwhile, Murmansk Oblast Governor Yurii
Yevdokimov on 18 March began an official visit to the Troms region of
Norway, where he is expected to sign an accord on economic and cultural
cooperation. LB

CONFLICTING VIEWS ON START-2 PROSPECTS. Duma Security Committee Chairman
Viktor Ilyukhin, a Communist, told Interfax on 17 March that the majority
of Duma deputies will vote against ratifying the START-2 arms control
treaty if the document is submitted for ratification during the Duma's
spring session. He cited "persistent" talk of NATO expansion as one issue
making ratification of the treaty "problematic." On 14 March, Duma Foreign
Affairs Committee Chairman Vladimir Lukin of Yabloko expressed optimism
regarding prospects for ratifying START-2, Interfax reported. Lukin said
more and more Duma deputies, including those from the leftist opposition,
are beginning to realize that the treaty is in Russia's interests. However,
Lukin blamed the Duma Defense Committee, chaired by Lev Rokhlin, for
attempting to delay consideration of a draft law on ratifying START-2. LB

JOURNALIST TO BE FIRED FOR COVERAGE OF SLOVAKIA? The editor of
"Kommersant-Daily" has told Marina Kalashnikova that she will likely lose
her job at that newspaper next month, the Czech daily "Lidove noviny"
reported on 17 March. Kalashnikova has written several articles portraying
the actions of Slovak Premier Vladimir Meciar in an unfavorable light.
According to "Lidove noviny," one of those articles quoted Meciar as saying
Russian presidential spokesman Sergei Yastrzhembskii is "Slovakia's
ambassador to Russia." (Yastrzhembskii was Russian ambassador to Slovakia
until summer 1996.) "Lidove noviny" said Yastrzhembskii called the editor
of "Kommersant-Daily" to discuss "Russia's state interests." Kalashnikova
told the Czech daily that Yastrzhembskii subsequently told her by telephone
that "Russia's interests are closely tied to our support for the current
government of Meciar." "Kommersant-Daily" reported on 4 March that 70
percent of Russian gas exports to the West transit Slovakia. LB

IS GOVERNMENT RETURNING TO AUTHORIZED BANKS? First Deputy Prime Ministers
Anatolii Chubais and Nemtsov have repeatedly hailed the government's move
away from the use of "authorized" commercial banks to handle federal budget
funds. However, government spokesman Igor Shabdurasulov announced on 17
March that the accounts of the Central Excise Customs Service have been
transferred to Oneksimbank, Interfax reported. Oneksimbank, considered
close to Chubais, held accounts of the State Customs Committee until late
last year. "Kommersant-Daily," which is often critical of Oneksimbank, on
18 March noted that no auction was held to select the bank allowed to hold
the Central Excise Customs Service accounts. However, Shabdurasulov said
the decision is consistent with government policy because the Central
Excise Customs Service deals with "advance payments" that only become
"budget funds" following further transactions. Shabdurasulov also said
those accounts contain far less money than the accounts Oneksimbank used to
hold for the State Customs Committee. LB

LUZHKOV SUPPORTS FORMER BORDER GUARD CHIEF FOR DUMA. Moscow Mayor Yurii
Luzhkov has endorsed the candidacy of former Federal Border Service
Director Andrei Nikolaev for the State Duma, "Kommersant-Daily" and
"Izvestiya" reported on 18 March. Nikolaev is one of more than a dozen
candidates competing in an April by-election for a Duma seat representing a
Moscow district. He announced on 17 March that he agrees with Luzhkov on
the need for Moscow to maintain the residence permit system, which the
Constitutional Court has declared unconstitutional (see "RFE/RL Newsline,"
11, 12 and 13 March 1998). Some Russian commentators view Nikolaev as a
promising presidential candidate. During his campaign for the Duma, he has
received substantial favorable exposure on the private network NTV. That
network broadcast a lengthy interview with Nikolaev on 15 March and
strongly praised his campaign strategy in a news report two weeks earlier.
LB

TWO HOSTAGES FREED IN CHECHNYA. The Chechen National Security Service have
freed two Dagestanis who had been taken hostage by Chechens,  ITAR-TASS
reported on 17 March.  Zamid and Ruslan Dudaev had been held since 5
February in Argun, and the kidnapers had demanded a $200,000 ransom for
their release. The kidnapers have now been taken into custody. Meanwhile, a
Russian government spokesman said there is no reason for Prime Minister
Viktor Chernomyrdin to visit Chechnya anytime soon. PG

ORT JOURNALIST BEATEN IN DAGESTAN.  Unknown assailants on 16 March severely
beat Timur Kukuev, a cameraman for local television and a stringer for
Russian Public Television (ORT), ITAR-TASS reported on 17 March. The
attackers told Kukuev that he should not have filmed anything "on foreign
territory in the future," an apparent reference to a film clip broadcast on
ORT on 9 March showing paramilitary formations on Dagestani territory near
the Chechen border. Makhachkala prosecutors are looking into the
information contained in that report as well as the attack on Kukuev. It is
the 10th such attack on a journalist in Dagestan in the past two years. PG

EARLY ELECTION IN BASHKORTOSTAN TO FAVOR AUTHORITIES. The legislature of
Bashkortostan recently moved up presidential elections in the republic from
December to 14 June, and the new date is likely to benefit the current
authorities, Bashkortostan journalist Eduard Khusnutdinov told RFE/RL's
Moscow bureau on 17 March. A summer election will depress turnout in urban
areas. In addition, heads of city administrations are currently appointed
by Bashkortostan President Murtaza Rakhimov, but by December many will have
been popularly elected. Perhaps most important, the presidential campaign
has begun before the Constitutional Court has ruled on an appeal by the
State Duma against the Bashkortostan electoral law, which requires the
president to speak the Bashkir language. Since only some 20 percent of the
population speaks that language, the law narrows the field of presidential
candidates considerably. Khusnutdinov edited the newspaper "Vechernii
Neftekamsk," which was recently shut down (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 29
January 1998). LB

TRANSCAUCASUS AND CENTRAL ASIA

WAS ARMENIAN VOTE FAIR AND FREE? Candidates, officials, and observers
continued to disagree on 17 March over whether the Armenian  presidential
poll was conducted properly. While seven of the 12 candidates--including
Soviet-era  communist party leader Karen Demirchyan and current communist
leader Sergei Balayan, two of the three front-runners--condemned the
elections as irregular (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 17 March 1998),three other
candidates have publicly disagreed. Aram Sarkisyan, the chairman of the
Armenian Democratic Party, decried the condemnation as "untimely and
dangerous." Former Soviet dissident Paruyr Hayrikian said that the election
is a major step forward for Armenia, despite some irregularities. And Prime
Minister and acting President Robert Kocharyan's spokesman said the
elections were in general "normal, free, and fair throughout the republic."
That conclusion was echoed by the Central Election Commission. Russian
deputies observing the vote said the ballot went smoothly, without serious
irregularities. The Council of Europe noted some violations, as did the
OSCE monitoring team, which said that the election is valid but that
measures to prevent violations should be instituted before the second
round. PG

KOCHARYAN, DEMIRCHYAN HEAD TOWARD RUNOFF.  With 92 percent of the vote
counted in the first round of the Armenian presidential elections,
Kocharyan had gained 38 percent support and Demirchyan 32 percent,
ITAR-TASS reported on 18 March. Sergei Badalyan had 12 percent, with the
other nine candidates dividing the remainder. Overall participation was
approximately 65 percent.  Because no candidate received the required 50
percent of the vote, there will be a run-off between Kocharyan and
Demirchyan on 30 March.  PG

AZERBAIJAN RESTRAINED IN MEETING WITH IRANIAN OFFICIAL.  Azerbaijani
Foreign Ministry officials gave a relatively cool reception to Iranian
Deputy Foreign Minister Murtaza Sarmadi on 17 March, ITAR-TASS reported.
While Sarmadi argued that there are historical, spiritual, and religious
reasons for the two countries to cooperate, newly appointed Azerbaijani
Foreign Minister Tofik Zulfugarov would say only that relations between
Baku and Tehran are "developing." The two countries disagree over the
division of the Caspian Sea, Iran's support for Armenia, and  the
involvement of Western companies in Azerbaijan. PG

MORE VIOLENCE IN CENTRAL TAJIKISTAN. Five members of the Tajik police and
one civilian were killed on 17 March when an armed group attacked another
road check-point in central Tajikistan, RFE/RL correspondents reported. The
attack, which occurred 5 kilometers east of the town of Kofarnikhon, has
been blamed on a group loyal to Ishan Daroz. It is the such third incident
in central Tajikistan so far this month. BP

TURKMENISTAN REACHES AGREEMENT WITH UZBEKISTAN ON DEBT. Turkmen President
Niyazov  has discussed with Uzbek President Islam Karimov by telephone  the
cooperation agreements reached by the Turkmen-Uzbek commission, ITAR-TASS
reported on 17 March. The commission agreed that Uzbekistan's debt of $24
million would be repaid by means of $15 million worth of mineral
fertilizers, machine oils, electrical appliances, and medicines. The
remaining $9 million will be paid in hard currency. BP

END NOTE

TRAPPED BY DEMOCRACY?

by Paul Goble

	The escalating war of words between Riga and Moscow over the
Latvian government's handling of a demonstration by elderly ethnic Russian
pensioners earlier this month highlights the way in which politicians in
more open societies can threaten governments' efforts to reach agreements.
	During the past six months, relations between Latvia and the
Russian Federation had been improving. Not only had the two presidents
exchanged what both sides described as positive letters, but their
respective Foreign Ministries had been making progress on various fronts.
There was even talk that Latvian President Guntis Ulmanis would visit
Moscow to sign an agreement demarcating the border between the two
countries. Such an accord would have eliminated one of the biggest
obstacles to ties between the two countries and also one of the brakes on
Latvian integration into Western institutions.
	But that progress has been put on hold and may have even been
reversed in the aftermath of the 3 March  demonstration in Riga. At that
time, local police used batons to break up an unsanctioned demonstration by
1,000 elderly and predominantly ethnic Russian residents of the Latvian
capital protesting increases in utility rates. The Moscow media and members
of the Russian Duma immediately denounced that Latvian action as
anti-Russian, a plausible claim  in the minds of many Russians,
particularly because of past Russian media coverage of conditions in that
Baltic country.
	Some Latvian politicians dismissed these Russian claims out of
hand, arguing that Moscow was simply exploiting the rally to promote a
broader policy agenda. Others went so far as to suggest that the
demonstration against higher utility prices was, in fact, a Russian
provocation staged by Moscow. Such statements fanned the flames of anger in
both the Russian and Latvian capitals
	Moreover, it had the effect of tying the hands of those government
officials in either country who had been seeking better ties. No Russian
government official could afford to appear "soft" on Latvia after the 3
March demonstration and especially after the sometimes tendentious
discussions of it in the Russian media and the Russian parliament.  And no
Latvian official could afford to appear to be backing down to Russian
criticism, to be willing to acknowledge that Latvian officials might bear
some responsibility for what had taken place.
	In one sense, the responsiveness of government officials to
parliamentary and popular pressure is  a triumph of democracy. A decade
ago, the authoritarian regime in Moscow would not have had to worry about
what either its media or its parliamentary deputies would say since it had
control over both.
	But in another sense, their responsiveness to such popular and
parliamentary outbursts reflect both how far both societies have yet to
travel in the direction of institutionalized liberal democracy. It also
highlights some of the difficulties inherent in conducting diplomacy among
more open societies.
	Some newspapers and political figures in either country  have
adopted a more careful and nuanced approach to the handling of the
demonstration. Several Latvian newspapers have pointed out that the police
may have used excessive force, while some Russian commentators have noted
that the demonstration was first and foremost an economic one.
	But both the press and the politicians have largely played to the
crowd, drawing on stereotypes about the other country and its leaders
rather than considering what actually happened. Such a populist response to
events abroad is always possible in more open political systems, but it
seems to be an especially dangerous one in countries that are making the
transition from authoritarianism to democracy and lack the sophistication
that a longer experience with democracy can often provide.
	Moreover, this latest Latvian-Russian standoff calls attention to
the problems political leaders face in conducting diplomacy when popular
passions have been stirred. As Riga and Moscow had moved toward a
rapprochement over the last few months, few people in either country seemed
to care passionately one way or the other. Now, people and politicians in
both do, and that makes it more difficult for the two governments to find
their way toward agreement.
	It would be a misfortune if the path to better relations between
Latvia and Russia were blocked not by genuine obstacles but by a hindrance
created by the media and populist politicians.


xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
               Copyright (c) 1998 RFE/RL, Inc.
                     All rights reserved.
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

HOW TO SUBSCRIBE
Send an email to newsline-request@list.rferl.org with the word "subscribe"
as the subject or body of the message.

HOW TO UNSUBSCRIBE
Send an email to newsline-request@list.rferl.org with the word
"unsubscribe" as the subject or body of the message.

HOW TO RETRIEVE BACK ISSUES VIA EMAIL
 (1) Send an email to newsline-request@list.rferl.org with the letters "ls"
as the subject or body of the message. This will retrieve a list of
available files.

 (2) Send an email to newsline-request@list.rferl.org with the phrase "get
x" (x being the name of the file you would like to receive) as the subject
or body of the message.
_________________________________________________
CURRENT AND BACK ISSUES ON THE WEB
Back issues of RFE/RL Newsline and the OMRI Daily Digest are online at:
http://www.rferl.org/newsline/search/
_________________________________________________
LISTEN TO NEWS FOR 18 COUNTRIES
RFE/RL programs for countries in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central
Asia, Russia and the South Slavic region are online daily at RFE/RL's
24-Hour LIVE Broadcast Studio.
http://www.rferl.org/realaudio/index.html
_________________________________________________
REPRINT POLICY
To receive reprint permission, please contact
Paul Goble, Publisher
Email: GobleP@rferl.org
Phone: 202-457-6947
Fax: 202-457-6992
Postal Address:  RFE/RL,  1201 Connecticut Ave., NW
Washington, DC  20036  USA
_________________________________________________
RFE/RL NEWSLINE STAFF
* Paul Goble, Publisher, GobleP@rferl.org
* Liz Fuller, Editor-in-Chief, CarlsonE@rferl.org
* Patrick Moore, Team Leader, MooreP@rferl.org
* Laurie Belin, BelinL@rferl.org
* Bruce Pannier, PannierB@rferl.org
* Michael Shafir, ShafirM@rferl.org
* Jan Cleave, CleaveJ@rferl.org

Freelance And Occasional Contributors
* Fabian Schmidt
* Matyas Szabo
* Pete Baumgartner
* Jeremy Bransten
* Jolyon Naegele
* Anthony Wesolowsky
* Julia Guechakov

RFE/RL Newsline Fax: (420-2) 2112-3630
_________________________________________________
RADIO FREE EUROPE / RADIO LIBERTY, PRAGUE, CZECH REPUBLIC

[English] [Russian TRANS | KOI8 | ALT | WIN | MAC | ISO5]

F&P Home ° Comments ° Guestbook


1996 Friends and Partners
Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole
Please visit the Russian and American mirror sites of Friends and Partners.
Updated: 1998-11-

Please write to us with your comments and suggestions.

F&P Quick Search
Main Sections
Home
Bulletin Board
Chat Room
F&P Listserver

RFE/RL
1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
Search

News
News From Russia/NIS
News About Russia/NIS
Newspapers & Magazines
Global News
Weather

©1996 Friends and Partners
Please write to us with any comments, questions or suggestions -- Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole