Words that open our eyes to the world are always the easiest to remember. - Ryszard Kapuscinski
RFE/RL NEWSLINE

RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol. 1, No. 101, Part II, 22 August 1997



This is Part II of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty's Newsline.
Part II is a compilation of news concerning Central, Eastern,
and Southeastern Europe.  Part I, covering Russia,
Transcaucasia and Central Asia, is distributed simultaneously
as a second document.  Back issues of RFE/RL NewsLine are
available through RFE/RL's WWW pages:
http://www.rferl.org/newsline/search/

Back  issues of the OMRI Daily Digest are available through
OMRI's WWW pages: http://www.omri.cz/

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Headlines, Part II

*BELARUS RELEASES FOUR RUSSIAN TV JOURNALISTS


*U.S. AGAIN ASKS SLOVAKIA TO SCRAP ITS SS-23 MISSILES


*KARADZIC ALLY CALLS ON POLICE TO DISOBEY PLAVSIC

End Note
A DECREE THAT CHANGED THE WORLD
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


EAST-CENTRAL EUROPE

BELARUS RELEASES FOUR RUSSIAN TV JOURNALISTS... Belarusian
authorities on 22 August released four journalists working for
Russian Public Television (ORT) who had been detained the previous
week. Interfax quoted police sources as saying the journalists --
three Russian nationals and one Belarusian -- were on their way to
Minsk from the Lida prison for an official handover ceremony at the
Russian embassy. Pavel Sheremet and Dmitry Zavadesky, the
Belarusian journalists working for ORT who were detained in July,
remain in custody pending trial. Meanwhile, a seventh ORT journalist,
Vladimir Foshenko, was expelled from Belarus on 22 August, a
spokesman for the Belarusian Security Council told AFP.

...BUT NOT BEFORE CHALLENGING MOSCOW. The previous day,
Russian presidential spokesman Sergei Yastrzhembskii had said that
relations between Minsk and Moscow would suffer unless all ORT
journalists were quickly released. Belarusian presidential spokesman
Ivan Pashkevich responded by complaining of "precipitate"
statements by Russian politicians. Speaking on nationwide television,
Belarusian President Alyaksandr Lukashenka commented that the
Russian leadership should either apologize or disavow
Yastrzhembskii's statement. Russian First Deputy Foreign Minister
Boris Pastukhov later said Yastrzhembskii's statement was "harsh
but justified."

NEW GOVERNMENT APPOINTMENTS IN UKRAINE. Ukrainian
President Leonid Kuchma on 21 August signed a decree appointing
Susan Stanik justice minister, UNIAN reported. She was previously
family and youth minister, a post that Valentina Dovzhenko, until
now deputy head of the Kyiv Oblast administration, will fill. Under
another presidential decree, Vasyl Durdynets, the head of the
Presidential Anti-corruption Coordination Committee and
Investigation Bureau Director, was given the rank of general of the
Interior Ministry. A new information minister has yet to be
appointed to complete the cabinet lineup. The new government will
be presented formally to the president on 22 August.

WORLD CONGRESS OF UKRAINIANS KICKS OFF IN KYIV. Some 2,000
ethnic Ukrainians from 46 countries gathered in Kyiv on 21 August
for the Second World Congress of Ukrainians. In his opening address,
President Kuchma called on the Ukrainian diaspora to exercise
influence on their governments to contribute to Ukraine's economic
recovery. ITAR-TASS reported that the participants are to discuss
the survival of Ukrainian ethnicity and preservation of the Ukrainian
culture. The congress will also discuss the political and economic
consequences of Ukraine's six-year statehood.

RUSSIA RESPONDS TO ESTONIA OVER IMPOUNDED TRUCKS. The
Russian Foreign Ministry has responded to a diplomatic note from
the Estonian Embassy in Moscow requesting an explanation for the
decision to impound more than 20 Estonian trucks (see "RFE/RL
Newsline," 18 August 1997), ETA reported on 21 August. The
ministry said that the recipient of the cargo had violated customs
regulations and forged documents in a bid to avoid paying customs
duties. The trucks were carrying some 600 tons of frozen chicken
donated by the U.S. as humanitarian aid for the Russian army and
navy. The Russian customs have found buyers for some of the cargo
and have allowed five trucks to leave the customs warehouse near
Moscow where they were impounded. Seven Lithuanian trucks are
also reported to have been detained at the warehouse.

ESTONIAN POLITICAL PRISONER TO STAGE 24-HOUR HUNGER STRIKE.
Tiit Madisson, who in September 1996 was sentenced to two years in
prison on charges of planning a coup attempt, told BNS that he will
stage a 24-hour hunger strike on 23 August to protest his conviction
and to mark the 10th anniversary of the so-called Hirvepark
meeting. Madisson was one of the organizers of that meeting, at
which, for first time under Soviet rule, the restoration of Estonian
independence was publicly demanded. Last year,. he was found
guilty of planning a coup partly on the basis of a two-page article
entitled "Estonia's Fate." Previously, he had received a suspended
sentence on charges of embezzlement. Several leading politicians and
public figures have appealed to President Lennart Meri to pardon
Madisson, who continues to protest his innocence. Under the
constitution, the president can grant a pardon only if the prisoner
confesses to his crime and appeals for clemency.

POLISH OPPOSITION PARTY CHANGES POSITION ON NO-CONFIDENCE
VOTE. The opposition Freedom Union on 21 August announced it will
support a no-confidence motion against the government. The move
came as a surprise, because the union had previously criticized the
no-confidence motion as a vote-collecting stunt. The motion was
submitted to the parliament by the Peasant Party, the junior
member of the ruling left-wing coalition, Premier Wlodzimierz
Cimoszewicz refused to discuss increasing state grain purchases in
the aftermath of the disastrous flooding in the country. The Freedom
Union's change of mind means the ruling Democratic Left Alliance
(former Communists) could be defeated in the 26 August no-
confidence vote.

INFLUX OF CZECH ROMA TO CANADA CONTINUES. John Jagt, director
of hostel services in Toronto, Canada, told journalists on 21 August
that Roma immigrants from the Czech Republic have filled city
shelters to near capacity. Jagt said that no one has been turned away
so far but that this could change because all of Toronto's 39 family
shelters are now full. Several hundred Roma have arrived in the past
few weeks after a Czech television station broadcast a documentary
portraying Canada as a wealthy, generous country free of racism and
open to immigrants. Officials say Roma now make up about 20
percent of the 2,000 people living in Toronto shelters. Most are
waiting for refugee hearings. Twenty-two have been accepted as
refugees since January on the grounds that their homeland is unable
or unwilling to provide protection for them.

JAPANESE FOREIGN MINISTER DISCUSSES TRADE WITH CZECH
LEADERS. Yukihiko Ikeda met with Czech Premier Vaclav Klaus and
Foreign Minister Jozef Zieleniec in Prague on 21 August to discuss
boosting bilateral trade. Zieleniec told reporters later that the
possibilities for Japanese investments in the Czech Republic are
"extraordinary," as is Czech interest in such investments. Asked why
one of the four largest banks in the Czech Republic is being sold to
the problem-plagued Japanese Nomurra Investment Bank, Ikeda said
he is sure the Czech government knows what it is doing.

U.S. AGAIN ASKS SLOVAKIA TO SCRAP ITS SS-23 MISSILES. The U.S.
Embassy in Bratislava emphasized in a 21 August statement that
curbing the spread of missiles is one of Washington's top priorities.
The destruction of Slovakia's SS-23 missiles would prevent their use
for carrying weapons of mass destruction and their deployment in
countries that could use them for that purpose, according to the
statement. The U.S. on 18 August officially asked the Bulgarian and
Slovak governments to dispose of their SS-23 missiles in accordance
with a weapons control treaty signed 10 years ago. Both Bulgaria and
Slovakia, however, responded that they are reluctant to dispose of
the missiles. On 20 August, the U.S. State Department said it will
continue to raise with Slovakia and Bulgaria the issue of weapons
non-proliferation.

HUNGARY SAYS NATO ENTRY TALKS TO START IN SEPTEMBER.
Government spokesman Elemer Kiss on 21 August told reporters that
a delegation of experts headed by Foreign Ministry State Secretary
Ferenc Somogyi will start talks on Hungary's accession to NATO on 10
September and that it is expected the talks will be concluded in late
October. Kiss also said the government was "shocked" by the position
recently expressed by the opposition Alliance of Young Democrats,
which called for the planned referendum on accession to NATO to be
binding. He said all seven parliamentary parties agreed in July that a
non-biding referendum would be held before late November. Kiss
also rejected the idea that the referendum on NATO accession be held
simultaneously with a plebiscite on allowing foreign companies to
purchase land in Hungary.

HUNGARIAN NUCLEAR REACTOR CLOSED FOR 10 DAYS? The chief
engineer at the Paks nuclear plant told Reuters on 21 August that the
reactor shut down the previous day could be out of action for up to
10 days. Balazs Kovacs said that if the problem proves to be inside
the block, rather than in the external mechanism of the rod, "we will
have to use underwater cameras to see why the rod cannot be
moved from its position and dismantle the reactor." He added that
the safety of the reactor was not threatened and that the 10 percent
shortfall in nationwide electricity output would easily be made up by
other Hungarian power stations.

SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE

KARADZIC ALLY CALLS ON POLICE TO DISOBEY PLAVSIC. Momcilo
Krajisnik, the Serbian member of the Bosnian joint presidency,
appealed to police throughout the Republika Srpska not to follow
orders from President Biljana Plavsic. He said on Pale Radio on 21
August that the police should obey only Interior Minister Dragan
Kijac, whom Plavsic fired in June. Krajisnik called Plavsic's recent
appointment of new police officials "illegal." He added that "the
people will not allow [Plavsic] to destabilize the state." Meanwhile in
Sarajevo, officials from Pale did not attend a meeting to sign an
agreement on civil aviation. Carlos Westendorp, the international
community's chief representative, threatened the Serbs with
sanctions if they continue to hold up the signing of joint agreements
on transportation and on joint citizenship, an RFE/RL correspondent
reported from the Bosnian capital.

NATO CONSOLIDATES HOLD ON BANJA LUKA POLICE STATIONS. SFOR
spokesmen said in Banja Luka on 21 August that they and police
loyal to Plavsic are in complete control of five key police installations
in the northwestern Bosnian town (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 21 August
1997). SFOR has accordingly reduced its armed presence outside the
stations but will remain in the area in case Kijac's men try to retake
the buildings. The peacekeepers have also sealed off the base of the
Sixth Battalion of special police near Banja Luka. A spokesman added
that some 80 percent of the city's police force has pledged loyalty to
officials appointed by Plavsic. NATO commander Gen. Eric Shinseki
warned Krajisnik that SFOR will hold him personally responsible for
any attacks on NATO troops or the UN police.

BOSNIAN SERB JUDGE SAYS KARADZIC'S POLICE BEAT HIM.
Constitutional Court Judge Jovo Rosic said in Banja Luka on 21 August
that Kijac's men badly beat him on 14 August near Sarajevo. They
ordered him not to support Plavsic in a key court decision and
threatened "to liquidate" him if he did not obey them (see "RFE/RL
Newsline," 18 August 1997). Rosic subsequently was taken to the
hospital in Banja Luka where Plavsic's police guarded him. The court
later ruled against her.

GERMANY REJECTS MILOSEVIC'S CONDITIONS FOR BOSNIAN SERB
ELECTIONS. Wolfgang Ischinger, the political director of the German
Foreign Ministry, said in Belgrade on 21 August that Bonn backs
Plavsic and that Germany will insist more strongly in the future that
the Dayton agreement be implemented. He told Yugoslav President
Slobodan Milosevic to use his influence to end the Bosnian Serb
political crisis. Milosevic replied that he is willing to support Plavsic's
call for a vote in October, provided that presidential as well as
legislative elections take place. Ischinger called Milosevic's condition
"unacceptable." Plavsic has more than a year to serve in her two-
year term, to which she was elected with 59 percent support. In
Vienna, officials of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in
Europe said that Russia and Western countries have reached broad
agreement on providing OSCE supervision for the October elections.

NEWS FROM FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. The Hungarian Defense Ministry
announced in Budapest on 21 August that 30 soldiers have left for
Mostar, where they will reconstruct the 16th century Turkish stone
bridge that Croatian gunners destroyed in 1993 during the Croat-
Muslim war. The soldiers will first retrieve as much of the original
bridge as possible from the bottom of the Neretva River. In Zagreb,
Croatian and Israeli officials agreed to establish full diplomatic
relations after the Croatia fully condemned and apologized for
atrocities committed against Jews by Croatia's fascist government
during World War II. In Belgrade, the army issued a statement
denying press reports that the military is preparing to introduce a
state of emergency. The text added that the army supports the
constitution and the democratic process and denounced what it called
attempts to drag the military into day-to-day politics.

ALBANIAN PRESIDENT APPOINTS NEW SECRET SERVICE CHIEF.
Rexhep Meidani has appointed Fatos Klosi head of the secret service
(SHIK), "Dita Informacion" reported on 21 August. Klosi, a professor
of education, is not a member of the Socialist Party, but the Socialists
nominated him to the last Central Election Commission, of which he
was deputy chair. The outgoing SHIK director is Arben Karkini, a
lawyer from the Republican Party, who was appointed on 30 May by
the multi-party reconciliation government. "Dita Informacion"
pointed out that Karkini had a mandate to make "gradual changes" in
the structure and leadership of SHIK, which was widely accused of
using violence against opposition figures under the previous
Democratic Party government. The daily charged, however, that
Karkini has not fired any personnel and has failed to make SHIK a
"truly independent institution." The Republican Party daily
"Republika," defended Karkini and called SHIK a "bastion of
communist spies."

ALBANIA'S DEMOCRATS ACCUSE POLICE OF MANIPULATING
INVESTIGATION IN ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT. Democratic Party
spokesman Genc Pollo on 21 August accused "the ruling clique" of
being behind an assassination attempt on "Rilindja Demokratike"
journalist Muje Bucpapaj the previous day. He also charged the police
with manipulating the investigation, "Albania" reported. Bucpapaj
was shot while driving in Tirana, but reports on the incident are
contradictory. Pollo claims that the shots were fired from a car with a
police license plate. He added that Bucpapaj, who was seriously
injured, had received anonymous telephone threats before.
Meanwhile, a bomb went off in a park in central Vlora on 21 August
and injured one person, "Gazeta Shqiptare" reported.

ROMANIAN CABINET RAISES WAGES. The cabinet on 21 August
announced that wages will be raised by 15 percent in August and
September and by an additional 14 percent beginning 1 October.
That move is in line with an agreement reached recently with the
main trade unions (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 14 August 1997).
Pensions are to be raised by 16 percent for August and September
and by 15 percent for the remainder of the year. The government
also decided that women living in mining areas will be able to opt for
early retirement. In other news, the cabinet froze the retail price of
edible oil at 7,800 lei (roughly $1) per bottled liter in response to the
crisis on the market (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 21 August 1997).

NORTH KOREAN AMBASSADOR'S RESIDENCE TO BECOME CASINO. The
residence of the North Korean ambassador to Romania is to be turned
into a casino and a restaurant, Mediafax reported on 20 August. The
casino will be run by a Lebanese who is also involved in business in
Russia. Citing "confidential sources," Mediafax said the embassy will
charge $2,000 a month for the lease of the premises, which are
owned by North Korea. It also said the embassy is facing a "serious
financial crisis" reflecting that of North Korea as a whole.

MOLDOVAN PRESIDENT ON PARLEYS WITH TRANSDNIESTER. Petru
Lucinschi, in an interview with the Ukrainian newspaper
"Nezavissimosti" on 21 August, says that granting the Transdniester
region a "special status" is not a "concession" on Moldova's part, since
it reflects the region's "peculiarities, and one must be naive not to
take them into account." Lucinschi also said separatist leader Igor
Smirnov is unable to understand that Russia and Ukraine have
commitments not only to the breakaway region but also to the
international community. "Both Russia and Ukraine recognize the
Transdniester as part of Moldova and there is no way they could
recognize Transdniester's independence," Lucinschi said. He added
that "nobody is trying to change those rules," BASA-press reported.

PRO-PRESIDENTIAL FORCES IN MOLDOVA LAUNCH PUBLICATION.
The first issue of "Dialog," published by the pro-presidential
Movement for a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova, appeared on 21
August, BASA-press reported. A commentary in the inaugural issue
maintains that relations between the legislature and the cabinet are
deteriorating and that there may be a repeat of the 1995-1996 crisis.
It argued that the president's opponents are deliberately trying to
compromise the cabinet's "centrist doctrine" and to "preserve the
present deplorable economic and political situation" in order to
prevent Lucinschi's supporters from gaining representation in the
parliament in the 1998 elections.

BULGARIA READY TO DISCUSS SS-23 MISSILES WITH U.S. Foreign
Minister Nadezhda Mihailova, in a departure from previously
expressed positions (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 20 August 1997), has
said Sofia is ready to hold talks with the U.S. administration on the
fate of the SS-23 Soviet-made missiles deployed in Bulgaria, ITAR-
TASS reported.

BULGARIA RAISES PRIME RATE. The National Bank on 21 August
announced it is raising the prime interest rate in response to
continued inflation. Beginning on 25 August, the prime rate will
increase by 0.16 percentage point to 5.86 percent annually, BTA
reported. The National Statistics Institute said prices rose by 505.6
percent since the beginning of 1997. The daily "Standard" reported
the same day that a new 100,000 leva bank note will soon be
introduced.

BULGARIAN ABANDONED URANIUM PITS UNSAFE. According to
"Standard" on 21 August, the abandoned Buhovo uranium mine,
northeast of Sofia, is unsafe and threatens to contaminate the nearby
River Iskar, which flows into the Danube. Citing Environment
Ministry experts, the daily said that the Eleshnitsa mine, some 160
kilometers south of Sofia, is also a source of contamination and is
endangering rivers flowing to Greece, in addition to posing the threat
of landslides.

END NOTE

A Decree That Changed the World

by Paul Goble

        On 24 August 1991, Boris Yeltsin, then president of the Russian
Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, issued a decree recognizing the
independence of Estonia, thus ending 50 years of Soviet occupation of
that Baltic country. If the consequences of that decree were
momentous for Estonia, they were, if anything, even greater for the
Soviet Union, for Russia, and for the international community as a
whole. In many respects, Yeltsin's decree was the death certificate
for the Soviet Union, even though that state continued to appear in
the world arena for another four months.
        By recognizing the independence of Estonia, Yeltsin set the
stage for his subsequent recognition of the independence of Latvia
and Lithuania, the two other Baltic republics occupied by Stalin in
1940 as a result of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. But because Yeltsin
was unwilling to acknowledge that the status of the Baltic countries
was fundamentally different from that of the 12 union republics, the
Russian president failed to erect a firewall between them and thus
paved the way for their independence as well.
        Yeltsin's decision to issue a decree on Estonian independence
guaranteed that the dissolution of the Soviet Union would be quick,
because it foreshadowed the notion that the borders of the union
republics should become the borders of the post-Soviet states. It
meant that the dissolution process would be peaceful, precisely
because independence would result not from struggle or long
negotiation but rather from unilateral Russian action. And it created
in the minds of Yeltsin and many other Russian leaders an
expectation that the Balts and other non-Russians would be grateful
and thus remain friendly to Moscow. (That hope was inevitably
misplaced, at least in the case of the Baltic States; but its existence
helps explain why Moscow has acted and continues to act in the way
that it does.)
        The decree had equally fateful consequences for Yeltsin and
Russia. While many around the world had cheered Yeltsin's heroism
during the failed coup only a few days earlier, few world leaders
were willing to view him as the president of an independent country.
His recognition of Estonian independence changed all that. Many
countries around the world hurried to recognize Estonia -- in the
next 10 days alone, more than 40 did so. But in doing that, they were
implicitly recognizing Russia as an independent state as well. That
was not well understood by many diplomats and politicians at the
time, although there was widespread understanding that such steps
constituted some kind of recognition of Yeltsin's right to act as the
predominant leader in Moscow.
        Given the attachment many Western leaders felt to then Soviet
leader Mikhail Gorbachev because of the changes he had brought
about both inside the USSR and in Moscow's relations with the
outside world, many world leaders were reluctant to recognize
Estonia. But by acting on the Estonian demand for independence,
Yeltsin effectively forced their hand, thereby gaining just as much
for himself and his country as the Estonians had gained for theirs.
        In the longer term, Yeltsin's action may have an even greater
impact. By righting an historical wrong, it contributed to the moral
renewal of the Russian people, who also had suffered under Soviet
power. Even more important, it was a significant step in Russia's
retreat from empire, which has given many hope that the Russia of
the future may become a country living at peace with its neighbors
rather than a cause threatening their existence.
        Yeltsin's decree also helped transform the international system,
posing a set of challenges to world leaders that all of them are still
grappling with. It ushered in a post-Soviet and not just post-Cold
War world. In addition to pushing aside Gorbachev and the USSR, it
destroyed many of the landmarks of the bipolar world that had
guided the foreign policies of the great powers since the end of
World War II.
        Most immediately, Yeltsin's decree helped to recreate what had
been a major security challenge in Europe prior to 1939: coping with
the zone of weak states caught between Moscow and Berlin and
between the Baltic and Black Seas. Indeed, much of the current
debate about the eastward expansion of NATO and the EU and about
Russia's role in this region can be seen as the working out of the
consequences of the August 1991 decree.
        Finally, Yeltsin's recognition of Estonia six years ago served as a
reminder that, despite the hopes of some and the fears of others,
history has not ended and that individuals and nations can transform
the world, regardless of the forces arrayed against them.


xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
               Copyright (c) 1997 RFE/RL, Inc.
                     All rights reserved.
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

SUBSCRIBING:

1) To subscribe to RFERL-L, please send a message to
        listserv@listserv.buffalo.edu
2) In the text of your message, type
        subscribe RFERL-L YourFirstName YourLastName
3) Send the message

UNSUBSCRIBING:

1) To un-subscribe to RFERL-L, please send a message to
        listserv@listserv.buffalo.edu
2) In the text of your message, type
        unsubscribe RFERL-L
3) Send the message

CURRENT AND BACK ISSUES OF RFE/RL Newsline:
RFE/RL Newsline is available online on the
World Wide Web.
http://www.rferl.org/newsline/

BACK ISSUES OF OMRI Daily Digest:
Back issues of the OMRI Daily Digest are available on the
World Wide Web and by FTP.
WWW: http://www.omri.cz/Publications/DD/
FTP: ftp://FTP.OMRI.CZ/Pub/DailyDigest/

REPRINT POLICY:
To receive permission for reprinting, please direct
your inquires to Paul Goble, publisher.
Email: goblep@rferl.org
Phone (U.S.) : 202-457-6947
International: 001 202-457-6947
Fax: 202-457-6992
Postal Address: RFE/RL, Connecticut Ave. 1201, NW, Washington
D.C., USA

RFE/RL Newsline Staff:
Paul Goble (Publisher) goblep@rferl.org | Jiri Pehe ( Editor,
Central and Eastern Europe)  pehej@rferl.org | Liz Fuller
(Deputy Editor, Transcaucasia) carlsone@rferl.org | Patrick
Moore (West Balkans)  moorep@rferl.org | Michael Shafir (East
Balkans) shafirm@rferl.org | Laura Belin (Russia)
belinl@rferl.org | Bruce Pannier (Central Asia)
pannierb@rferl.org | Jan Cleave, cleavej@rferl.org | Mike Gallant,
gallantm@rferl.org.

RFE/RL Newsline Fax: (420-2) 2112-3630.

[English] [Russian TRANS | KOI8 | ALT | WIN | MAC | ISO5]

F&P Home ° Comments ° Guestbook


1996 Friends and Partners
Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole
Please visit the Russian and American mirror sites of Friends and Partners.
Updated: 1998-11-

Please write to us with your comments and suggestions.

F&P Quick Search
Main Sections
Home
Bulletin Board
Chat Room
F&P Listserver

RFE/RL
1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
Search

News
News From Russia/NIS
News About Russia/NIS
Newspapers & Magazines
Global News
Weather

©1996 Friends and Partners
Please write to us with any comments, questions or suggestions -- Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole