As courage endagers life even so fear preserves it. - Leonardo Da Vinci
OMRI DAILY DIGEST

No. 152, Part II, 7 August 1996

This is Part II of the Open Media Research Institute's Daily Digest.
Part II is a compilation of news concerning Central, Eastern, and
Southeastern Europe. Part I, covering Russia, Transcaucasia and
Central Asia, is distributed simultaneously as a second document.
Back issues of the Daily Digest, and other information about OMRI,
are available through OMRI's WWW pages: http://www.omri.cz/Index.html

CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

UKRAINIAN FOREIGN MINISTER ON RUSSIA. Hennadii Udovenko said the main
problem in Russian-Ukrainian relations was the issue of basing both
Ukraine's navy and the Russian Black Sea Fleet in Sevastopol,
Ukrainian radio reported on 6 August. He said during talks with his
Russian counterpart, Yevgenii Primakov, that the two held a common
position on NATO expansion, and were particularly against the
alliance deploying nuclear weapons in East and Central Europe. ITAR-
TASS reported that Udovenko said Ukraine had no intention of joining
NATO or the CIS Collective Security Pact but would continue
developing ties with NATO. -- Ustina Markus

UKRAINIAN GOVERNMENT CRACKS DOWN ON DELINQUENT ENERGY CONSUMERS. A
new government resolution, signed by Prime Minister Pavlo Lazarenko
on 1 August, says enterprises which fail to pay their electricity
bills will have their power cut off, Ukrainian radio reported on 6
August. Energy producers in Ukraine, including nuclear power plants
and coal mines, are owed a total 218 trillion karbovantsi ($1.1
billion) by industrial customers. Lazarenko said the situation is
most critical in the nuclear power industry, where regular
maintenance and repairs depend upon timely payment by electricity
consumers. The resolution also establishes penalties and fines on
atomic energy stations that barter services and provides for
government licensing of intermediary firms which trade in energy. --
Chrystyna Lapychak

UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT TALKS TO UZBEK, BULGARIAN COUNTERPARTS. Leonid
Kuchma met with his Uzbek counterpart, Islam Karimov, in Crimea on 6
August, Ukrainian radio reported. Karimov came to the peninsula for a
vacation at Kuchma's invitation. Both said they were pleased with the
state of Ukrainian-Uzbek relations. The same day Kuchma held a
telephone conversation with his Bulgarian counterpart, Zhelyu
Zhelyev. They agreed that Kuchma would meet with a special envoy from
Bulgaria in the near future. -- Ustina Markus

BELARUSIAN PRESIDENT BLASTS PARLIAMENT. Alyaksandr Lukashenka lashed
out at the parliament, saying it had only adopted five laws in five
months, ITAR-TASS reported on 6 August. Of the five bills, Lukashenka
said only the one on the state budget had any significance, and that
the others were of minor importance. Lukashenka accused the
parliament of obstructing the adoption of new laws and impeding
economic reform. He also said it had ignored his offer to work
together. The last statement is disputable, since two weeks ago seven
parties called upon Lukashenka to hold a round-table discussion with
them to resolve differences between the legislature and president.
Lukashenka has not accepted the offer. -- Ustina Markus

SWEDISH, U.S. MEETING ON BALTIC SECURITY. Swedish Prime Minister
Goran Perrson discussed the security situation of the Baltic states
with U.S. President Bill Clinton in Washington on 6 August, RFE/RL
reported. He had discussed the matter the previous day in Stockholm
with Estonian President Lennart Meri and by telephone with Latvian
Prime Minister Andris Skele. Perrson emphasized the importance of
bringing Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania into the EU and NATO to
prevent a security vacuum that might encourage Russia to assert
control over the region. He noted that an advisory council for Baltic
Sea cooperation is being formed with Baltic and Scandinavian
representatives as well as Richard Holbrooke, former U.S. Assistant
Secretary of State and chief U.S. negotiator in Bosnia. -- Saulius
Girnius

ESTONIAN EUROMINISTER RESIGNS. The Estonian government on 6 August
accepted the resignation of Minister of European Affairs Endel
Lippmaa, ETA reported. In an open letter, Lippmaa said his decision
was based on dissatisfaction with several recent moves by Prime
Minister Tiit Vahi, including the 10 July decision granting residence
permits to former Russian officers, and the wider use of simplified
border crossings with Russia. He said that the presence of huge
numbers of former Russian officers, far greater than the number of
officers in the Estonian armed forces, will complicate Estonia's
integration into NATO and the European Union. Vahi has proposed that
former Minister of Foreign Affairs Riivo Sinijarv replace Lippmaa,
who plans to return to his seat in the parliament. -- Saulius Girnius

PENSIONS FOR POLISH DEPORTEES TO SOVIET UNION AND GERMANY. People
deported to the Soviet Union or Germany during World War II will
receive compensation beginning on 24 October, Rzeczpospilita reported
on 7 August. Applications for compensation are to be registered with
the Association of People Wronged by the Third Reich and the Siberia
Prisoners' Association. The applicants must include documents proving
they were deported or involved in forced labor. People deported as
children can also apply. The monthly pensions will amount to 0.5% of
the average salary from the third quarter of 1995 for each month of
forced labor, but no more than 10% of this salary altogether (the
salary amounted to 717 zlotys, about $280). -- Jakub Karpinski

PROSECUTOR TO INVESTIGATE ALLEGATIONS AGAINST GENERAL KISZCZAK.
Warsaw prosecutors began studying allegations that former Internal
Affairs Minister Czeslaw Kiszczak let East Germany's secret police
operate in Poland during the 1980s, a prosecutors' office spokesman
said on 6 August. "These are preliminary activities aimed at
establishing if there is a basis for launching an investigation," the
spokesman said. The prosecutors will also verify whether Kiszczak
ordered the secret police in 1989 to organize subversion against
political parties, labor unions, and the Catholic Church. A Warsaw
court recently acquitted Kiszczak on charges that he allowed police
to shoot at striking miners after martial law was declared in 1981
(see OMRI Daily Digest, 30 July 1996). -- Jakub Karpinski

VOICES OF DISSENT IN THE STRONGEST CZECH PARTY. Several leaders of
Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus's Civic Democratic Party (ODS) have
joined Foreign Minister and ODS Deputy Chairman Josef Zieleniec in
calling for more pluralism within the party, the daily Mlada fronta
Dnes reported on 7 August. Zieleniec told the newspaper on 5 August
that the results of the recent parliamentary elections suggest "that
the ODS needs to show a friendlier and more open face." According to
Zieleniec, the ODS should not always speak in one voice. Ivan Pilip,
another ODS deputy chairman, and ODS deputy Marek Benda have
expressed support for Zieleniec's call for more democracy within the
ODS. In the past, Klaus has run the centralized party without much
opposition or internal discussion. -- Jiri Pehe

SLOVAK MINERS STAGE SIT-IN. Over 50 miners at the Bankov mine in east
Slovakia have staged a sit-in strike some 300 meters underground,
Slovak media reported on 6 and 7 August. The mine is owned by Kosicky
magnezit, which was declared bankrupt in April after being privatized
and is about one billion crowns ($33 million) in debt. Miners are
trying to force the Economics Ministry to decide on new ownership.
The miners had been promised that their jobs were safe after
bankruptcy was declared, but by late July, several hundred employees
had been laid off and another round is expected. The miners are
demanding employment guarantees and a social program from the new
owner. -- Sharon Fisher

SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE

MOSTAR CROATS, MUSLIMS REACH AGREEMENT OVER POWER SHARING. The
deadlock over the administration of the divided city of Mostar was
resolved on 6 August after the Bosnian Croats agreed to end a boycott
of the city council that was elected in local elections last month,
Western and local agencies reported. After several days of EU-
mediated marathon talks, the two sides agreed to form a local
government based on the results of the elections, but noting the
Croat complaints of alleged voting irregularities and sending them to
the Bosnian federation's Constitutional Court. Under the accord, the
first session of the joint city assembly will be held on 8 August to
elect a new mayor and deputy mayor. Because the governor of the
Neretva canton will be a Muslim, the Mostar mayor will be a Croat.
Muslims and Croats agreed to accept the Joint Action EU plan on the
transfer of responsibilities from the EU administrator to the local
mayor and deputy mayor. -- Daria Sito Sucic

TUDJMAN AND MILOSEVIC MEET IN ATHENS. The presidents of Croatia and
Serbia, Franjo Tudjman and Slobodan Milosevic, met in Athens on 7
August in their first official bilateral meeting without
international mediation since Croatia declared its independence in
1991, AFP reported. The closed-door meeting was arranged by Greek
Prime Minister Kostas Simitis at the request of the two countries,
Greek officials said. According to Greek diplomats, no formal agenda
was set, but Simitis said Tudjman and Milosevic will discuss
"problems concerning their two countries." He said he hopes the
meeting will "contribute to the cooperation of all the peoples in the
region." According to the BBC on 7 August, Tudjman and Milosevic are
not expected to discuss the broader regional situation, specifically
questions related to Bosnia-Herzegovina. -- Stefan Krause

INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES CRITICIZE ZAGREB ON REFUGEE ISSUE . . . UN
High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) spokesman Ron Redmond
criticized Croatia on 6 August for preventing the Serb refugees to
return and allowing those who came back to be harassed and
intimidated, AFP reported. Redmond said that such a "sad situation"
sends a "clear signal to refugees" not to go back. According to the
UNHCR, some 175,000 Serb refugees fled to rump Yugoslavia following
the Croatian offensive in the Krajina region in August 1995. Some
10,000 remained in Croatia, having reportedly been harassed and
intimidated, and only "a handful" returned. Meanwhile, the
International Red Cross on 2 August pointed out that the violence and
ill-treatment of Serbs in Croatia had been occurring regularly since
the beginning of this year, AFP reported. -- Daria Sito Sucic

. . . WHILE CROATIAN SERBS SAY THEIR LOT IS "TRAGIC AND UNCERTAIN."
The Association of Serbs from the Republic of Serb Krajina and the
Republic of Croatia, in Belgrade on 5 August, issued a public
declaration calling for a restoration of their rights, Tanjug
reported the same day. According to their declaration, "the current
humanitarian, economic and political situation of those who were
expelled or escaped is tragic and uncertain." Among their demands was
that The Hague should investigate and indict those guilty of "crimes
against Serbian people" and that "autonomy" should be granted in the
"ethnic Serb areas" of Croatia. Following their armed insurrection
against the Croatian government in 1991, Croatian Serb leaders in
Croatia used calls for "autonomy" as a way of signaling their intent
to join in a political union with a greater Serbia under Belgrade's
jurisdiction. -- Stan Markotich

OSCE PUTS BOSNIAN SERB PARTY ON NOTICE OVER KARADZIC. The OSCE's
supervisor of the 14 September Bosnian elections, Robert Frowick,
told Bosnian Serb Foreign Minister and leader of the governing
Serbian Democratic Party (SDS) Aleksa Buha that indicted war criminal
Radovan Karadzic must remain out of politics. Frowick said that
frequent references to Karadzic by SDS speakers at rallies, his
appearance in party advertisements, and the display of Karadzic
posters at SDS meetings and on private homes is a violation of the
spirit of last month's agreement. Onasa on 6 August quoted Frowick as
telling Buha the previous day that the OSCE will not take any action
against the SDS for now but will "press [the party] to get it right."
The two men agreed that nothing can be done about posters on private
homes but that the SDS can control the other problems. -- Patrick
Moore

BOSNIAN UPDATE. Italian IFOR troops inspected a Serbian weapons depot
they had found by accident in Markovici, Oslobodjenje and AFP
reported on 6 August (see OMRI Daily Digest, 6 August 1996). The size
of the cache is now put at 2,000 tons, which is double the original
estimate. IFOR spokesman Maj. Brett Boudreau said no steps will be
taken until NATO is absolutely sure that the depot is unauthorized.
In Sarajevo, the OSCE announced that 191,779 Bosnian refugees abroad
have signed up to vote in the September elections. The largest group
is 73,228 people in Germany, followed by 23,912 in rump Yugoslavia
and smaller numbers elsewhere from Sweden and Switzerland to Japan
and New Caledonia. Finally, the Bosnian government unemployment
office said that the job situation has reached a "critical point,"
with 850,000 people across Bosnia-Herzegovina seeking work,
Oslobodjenje noted. -- Patrick Moore

REHN IN MONTENEGRO. Elisabeth Rehn, UN special human rights envoy,
arrived in the rump Yugoslavia republic on 6 August for a series of
meetings, including President Momir Bulatovic and the interior and
justice ministers, AFP reported. Rehn is also to meet with rights
groups, and the local branch of the Helsinki Committee to present the
envoy with some 40 reports detailing the condition of human rights in
the republic. In other news, Nasa Borba on 7 August reported that
less than a quarter, or 2,934 out of about 13,500 Bosnian refugees
and displaced persons in Montenegro have registered or signaled an
intent to vote in the 14 September elections in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
-- Stan Markotich

ARKAN HOLDS PARADE IN KOSOVO. Serb paramilitary leader and indicted
felon and accused war criminal Zeljko "Arkan" Raznjatovic held a
parade with his paramilitary group, the Arkan Tigers, in Pristina and
Podujevo, QIK reported on 5 August. The visit followed the bombing of
three police stations in those cities on 2 August and apparently was
intended to intimidate the Albanian population there. Nobody has yet
claimed responsibility for the bombings. -- Fabian Schmidt

ROMANIAN IFOR SOLDIER WOUNDED IN BOSNIA. A Romanian soldier serving
with the NATO IFOR forces in Bosnia was wounded as his vehicle
slipped on mud into a mined area, an RFE/RL correspondent in
Bucharest reported on 6 August. The incident took place near Maglaj
and the soldier was airlifted to a German field hospital near Split.
The Romanian defense ministry said the soldier underwent surgery and
is under observation. -- Michael Shafir

MOLDOVAN OPPOSITION PARTIES THROW SUPPORT BEHIND INCUMBENT. Two major
opposition formations, the Popular Front Christian Democratic (FPCD)
and the Alliance of Democratic Forces (AFD), on 5 August decided to
back incumbent President Mircea Snegur in the presidential race
scheduled for mid-November, Moldovan agencies reported. In separate
statements, they said that the candidate of the Moldovan Agrarian
Democratic Party, Prime Minister Andrei Sangheli, intends to lead
Moldova "irreversibly" into the CIS political-military structures and
"restore the Soviet empire." They also state that Snegur will "start
actions meant to integrate Moldova into NATO structures." The FPCD,
which promotes reunification with Romania, said it will render
assistance to Snegur to include in the pending friendship treaty with
Romania "economic integration" of the two countries, the condemnation
of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, and including in the constitution
provisions geared at eliminating "primitive Moldovanism." Reuters
reported that an aide to Mircea Snegur, Victor Josu, said the
president plans to strike an alliance with the Popular Front
Christian Democratic Party (FPCD) but will resist any moves by the
FPCD to promote unification with Romania. Josu said Snegur "insists
on full Moldovan independence" and his alliance with the FPCD is
confined to the electoral campaign alone. -- Michael Shafir

MOLDOVAN COMMUNIST LEADER FAVORS ABOLITION OF PRESIDENCY. In an
interview with Nezavisimaya Gazeta, Vladimir Voronin said he believes
the next president of the country, to be elected in November, must
also be its last. The Moldovan Communist Party (PCM) leader said that
upon his election, the president should dissolve the parliament and
abolish "the institution visibly imposed on Moldova from outside,"
BASA-Press reported on 6 August. -- Michael Shafir

BULGARIAN CHIEF OF STAFF SAYS MILITARY COUP NOT IMMINENT. Col.-Gen.
Tsvetan Totomirov on 7 August told Standart that "as long as I am
chief of general staff, the army will fulfill its duties . . . and
will not be involved in solving domestic political problems."
Totomirov responded to rumors that a military coup is possible in the
fall if social and economic problems lead to unrest. He said people
using the word coup do not realize that the problems created by a
coup are bigger and more dangerous than the ones it solves. Prime
Minister Zhan Videnov reportedly held a secret meeting with high
military in July to find out whether they would support him in the
case of a military coup. Under the Bulgarian Constitution, the
president is the commander-in chief of the armed forces. -- Stefan
Krause

BULGARIAN SOCIALISTS CONTINUE FEUD. Prime Minister Zhan Videnov, in
an open letter on 6 August to Duma Editor-in-chief Stefan Prodev,
asked whether Andrey Raychev and Andrey Bundzhulov should be expelled
from the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP). The two are leading members
of the Association for a Social Democracy (OSD), a faction within the
BSP which in July had asked for Videnov's replacement as prime
minister and BSP chairman. Videnov accused Raychev of waging a
campaign against him and the BSP in the weekly magazine Sega, which
Raychev publishes. In other news, tests began on 5 August at Reactor
no. 1 of the Kozloduy nuclear power plant to determine the strength
of the reactor's metal core, AFP reported. Reactor no. 1 was shut
down on 15 May, but the other five reactors at Kozloduy are still
running. -- Stefan Krause

ALBANIAN COMMUNIST PARTY CHIEFS APPEALS TURNED DOWN BY TIRANA COURT.
A Tirana court on 6 August turned down the appeals of the Tirana and
Durres Communist party chiefs Pirro Kondi and Qirjako Mihali. The two
were sentenced to 17 years in prison on 12 June for sending
dissidents into internal exile. The court, however, reduced the 15-
year term of Shkoder party chief Sulejman Bushati to a suspended
five-year term, Reuters reported. -- Fabian Schmidt

ALBANIAN OPPOSITION REFUSES NEW ELECTORAL COMMISSION. Nine opposition
parties on 6 August issued a declaration saying that they would not
participate in an electoral commission that was decreed by President
Sali Berisha on 3 August. The parties claimed that such an electoral
commission would not be based on a proper legal framework that would
define its functions and control mechanisms, Gazeta Shqiptare
reported on 7 August. The opposition now demands a political dialogue
in the form of a round-table to solve the dispute. -- Fabian Schmidt


[As of 12:00 CET]

Compiled by Pete Baumgartner

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