No member of a crew is praised for the rugged individuality of his rowing. - Ralph Waldo Emerson
OMRI DAILY DIGEST

No. 151, Part II, 6 August 1996

This is Part II of the Open Media Research Institute's Daily Digest.
Part II is a compilation of news concerning Central, Eastern, and
Southeastern Europe. Part I, covering Russia, Transcaucasia and Central
Asia, is distributed simultaneously as a second document. Back issues of
the Daily Digest, and other information about OMRI, are available
through OMRI's WWW pages: http://www.omri.cz/Index.html

CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT MAKES MORE CABINET APPOINTMENTS. Leonid Kuchma
issued decrees on 5 August re-appointing several top government
officials, Ukrainian TV reported. The president re-appointed Mykhailo
Zubets as deputy prime minister, Vasyl Hureyev as economics minister,
Valerii Maleyev as minister of machine building, military industry and
conversion, Valerii Mazur as industry minister, Valerii Samoplavsky as
forestry minister and Dmytro Ostapenko as culture minister. In other
news, Ukrainian TV reported on 5 August that employees of Ukrainian
State Radio have sent an appeal to the Ukrainian leadership demanding
payment of up to four months in back wages. The government owes radio
employees 70 billion karbovantsi ($378,000).They also complained that
the government has not been paying the radio company's telephone and
electricity bills, which has resulted in random brownouts and
disconnections. -- Chrystyna Lapychak

UKRAINIAN NAVY COMMANDER BLASTS FLEET SHIPS. The commander of the
Ukrainian navy, Vice Admiral Volodymyr Bezkorovainy, said in Kyiv that
Ukraine should renegotiate the deal dividing the Black Sea Fleet ships
because the 54 vessels slated to be transferred to Ukraine's navy are
inoperative, ITAR-TASS and Reuters reported on 5 August. Bezkorovainy
accused Russia of making the ships useless, and then transferring them
to Ukraine; in one case, power generators were removed from three
submarines to be transferred to Ukraine. Bezkorovainy said he was
prepared to delete his signature from the agreement, and that it was
senseless to accept the ships since most were nothing more than scrap
metal. Bezkorovainy also said the Ukrainian navy would be one-fourth the
size of the former Soviet Black Sea Fleet and would consist primarily of
small warships with crews of 70 to 80 people. He said Ukraine would
build six new warships and put nine others back in service after
repairs. -- Ustina Markus and Doug Clarke

BELARUSIAN PRESIDENT ON REFERENDUM, OPPOSITION. In what has become a
ritual, President Alyaksandr Lukashenka gave a lengthy television
address in which he denounced opposition leaders Zyanon Paznyak and
Syarhei Naumchyk as "terminally ill cases," Reuters reported on 5
August. Both men are seeking asylum in the U.S. He told viewers that the
opposition would become increasingly violent and will "break in through
apartment windows and rape your wives and daughters." He reiterated his
intention of holding a referendum on extending his term from five to
seven years, broadening his powers, banning land ownership, and changing
Belarus's national holiday from 27 July when the republic declared
independence, to 3 July, when the Soviets liberated Minsk from German
occupation. Lukashenka also said there was no need to hold further by-
elections to fill 51 parliamentary seats, because "deputies don't keep
their promises. They had promised to back the president, but have been
lying ever since." -- Ustina Markus

LITHUANIAN ARMY'S ADMINISTRATION TO BE REDUCED. General Staff Chief Lt.-
Col. Valdas Tutkus told BNS on 2 August that fusing the general staff
with the defense ministry would result in the reduction of about 70
people (about one-third of the staff). The reorganization, to be
completed by winter, will help restructure the army in accordance with
NATO standards and strengthen civilian control over the armed forces. --
Saulius Girnius

DANISH MINISTER SUPPORTS LIFTING VISA REGIME WITH LATVIA. Interior
Minister Britte Weiss told Latvian Prime Minister Andris Skele on 5
August in Riga that Denmark is willing to lift the visa regime in
relations with Latvia, BNS reported. They also discussed cooperation in
the sphere of territorial reform, illegal migration, and registration of
residents. -- Saulius Girnius

GROWING SUPPORT IN POLAND FOR EUROPEAN INTEGRATION. According to a poll
conducted from 24 to 29 May, 80% of Poles would vote to join the EU,
while 7% would vote against, compared to 72% for and 9% against in 1995.
The survey was taken by the Public Opinion Research Center and published
by Rzeczpospolita on 6 August. Only 6% believe in the immediate
admission of Poland in the EU, 49% believe it will take five years to
gain admission. According to an earlier EU-commissioned Eurobarometer
survey, Poles and Romanians were the keenest of all Central and Eastern
Europeans to join the EU. -- Jakub Karpinski

POLISH OPPOSITION PARTY ACCUSES KISZCZAK OF COMMITTING A CRIME. The
Movement for Poland's Reconstruction (ROP), led by former Prime Minister
Jan Olszewski, accused former Internal Affairs Minister Gen. Czeslaw
Kiszczak of committing a crime against the interests of the Polish
nation, Rzeczpospolita reported on 5 August. In the 1980s Kiszczak --
one of the architects of martial law initiated in 1981 -- concluded
agreements with the East German secret police (Stasi), allowing it to
conduct intelligence against Polish citizens and institutions, Olszewski
said. Olszewski said former Solidarity leaders, including former
President Lech Walesa, needed to answer whether they concluded a secret
agreement granting immunity to Kiszczak and former Polish President Gen.
Wojciech Jaruzelski in 1989. -- Jakub Karpinski

CZECH-KYRGYZ "RADAR" DEAL IN PERIL. Although the sale was approved more
than 1 year ago, the Czechs have not delivered a "Tamara" electronic
detection system to Kyrgyzstan because the Kyrgyz have not paid the $20
million it costs, CTK reported on 3 August, citing the daily Mlada
fronta Dnes. Supposedly able to detect even stealth aircraft, Tamara is
built by Tesla Pardubice, and the sale was said to have saved the firm
from bankruptcy. Often called a radar system, Tamara in fact sends out
no signals of its own. Instead, it detects and analyses the electronic
transmissions from its targets. The report said experts believe the sale
will not take place. -- Doug Clarke

SLOVAK FOREIGN MINISTRY: HUNGARIAN EXPLANATION NOT GOOD ENOUGH. Slovak
Foreign Ministry representative Emil Kuchar said on 5 August that
Hungary's explanation of its position on a declaration calling for
autonomy for Hungarians in neighboring countries "did not fulfill
Slovakia's expectations," TASR reported. Kuchar delivered the ministry's
opinion during a meeting with the Hungarian charge d'affaires in
Bratislava, Pal Benyo. The Hungarian declaration, issued at a Budapest
summit last month, caused concern in neighboring countries as well as in
the EU and U.S., the ministry said, adding that Slovakia rejects the
"institutionalization of ethnic differences," which "disrupts the
cultural mosaic of an open, civil society." Kuchar also discussed the
situation with representatives of the German, French, and British
embassies, while the ministry's State Secretary, Jozef Sestak, met with
U.S. Ambassador to Slovakia Ralph Johnson. In Budapest, Slovak
Ambassador to Hungary Eva Mitrova delivered Slovakia's response to
Hungary's Foreign Ministry. -- Sharon Fisher

SLOVAK OPPOSITION PARTY PUBLICIZES PRIME MINISTER'S PLEDGE. Pravda on 6
August published Vladimir Meciar's written pledge to the Party of the
Democratic Left (SDL), in which he guarantees a halt to privatization
until the National Property Fund (FNM) boards are restructured to
include opposition deputies. The pledge, dated 21 June, was signed by
Meciar during a coalition crisis. Although the FNM boards will not be
reconstructed until September at the earliest, privatization continued
on 1 August with the sale of 41 firms. SDL deputy Lubomir Fogas said his
party considers this step "an expression of Meciar's political
unreliability." FNM Presidium President Stefan Gavornik said on 5 August
that under pressure from the ministers of agriculture, economy, and
construction and public works, preparations are being made for the
privatization of other firms, including banks, Praca reported. -- Sharon
Fisher

RFE/RL TO COMPLY WITH SLOVAK POLICE REQUEST. RFE/RL plans to give police
investigators a transcript of an interview with an eyewitness of the
kidnapping of President Michal Kovac's son, Sme reported on 6 August.
RFE/RL Director of Broadcasting Robert Gillette told Sme that the
station will provide it "as a gesture of goodwill towards Slovak
authorities and in the hope that the investigation will be fully and
justly resolved." Police investigator Jozef Ciz asked RFE/RL for a copy
in late July, after a prosecutor rejected his adjournment of the
investigation for lack of evidence. The interview was broadcast by
RFE/RL one week after the incident in late August 1995. -- Sharon Fisher

HUNGARY'S SMALLHOLDERS PARTY REJECTS EXTREMIST LEADER'S CALL FOR MERGER.
Jozsef Torgyan, Chairman of the opposition Independent Smallholder's
Party (FKGP), on 5 August rejected Istvan Csurka's proposal to merge
with the opposition Christian Democrats and Csurka's party, Hungarian
media reported. Csurka, president of the radical right-wing, non-
parliamentary Hungarian Justice and Life Party, suggested that the three
parties' leaders resign "for the benefit of a joint candidate for the
post of prime minister" in the 1998 general elections. Torgyan said he
is not willing to "smash apart the FKGP as [was] done by the Nazis and
the communists," and that his mandate is to make his party the biggest
in Hungary, one that will "defeat liberalism and communism." Further, he
rejected Csurka's recent call for "civil disobedience." Torgyan's
populist rhetoric brought his party to the top of popularity polls in
Hungary last fall. -- Zsofia Szilagyi

EX-HUNGARIAN FINANCE MINISTER TO JOIN WORLD BANK. Former Finance
Minister Lajos Bokros has been named a senior consultant with the World
Bank, Hungarian media reported on 3 August. A statement released by bank
Vice President Jean Francois Richard said Bokros will work in the
institute's development department and focus on capital movements, bank
reform and privatization. Bokros resigned as Hungary's finance minister
in February. -- Zsofia Szilagyi

SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE

MOSTAR NEGOTIATIONS CONTINUE. Talks broke off again in the early morning
of 6 August in the dispute between Croats and Muslims over the joint
administration of Mostar, Reuters reported the same day. The EU had
extended the 4 August deadline for its withdrawal if the Muslims and
Croats do not agree over the administration of the divided city. EU
spokesman Dragan Gasic said that only "half a sentence" was keeping the
two sides from resolving the crisis. Talks are to be continued on 6
August to try to amend the disputed document. Croats want the city
council to be a "provisional" body until the Bosnian federation's
constitutional court rules on Croat complaints of voting irregularities.
Meanwhile, the daily Oslobodjenje on 6 August reported that a supreme
court rejected the Croat complaint as "groundless," but it is not clear
whether it was the Bosnian federation Supreme Court or Bosnia-
Herzegovina's Supreme Court. -- Daria Sito Sucic

IFOR FINDS BIG SERB ARMS CACHE. Italian NATO troops accidentally came
upon a major Bosnian Serb arms depot while looking for potential polling
sites in Markovici, northeast of Sarajevo. The cache had not been
registered with IFOR and contains 1,000 tons of weapons and ammunition
occupying a space of 1,200 square meters, AFP reported on 5 August. At
least 4,000 Serbian civilians mobbed the 30 Italians as they tried to
begin carting off the ammunition, a job that IFOR said would require 100
trucks to complete. Two Bosnian Serb officers claimed that the site was
about to be registered with NATO, but the Italians noted that it had not
been declared before and was dangerously concealed near civilian
housing. The crowd in any event forced the Italians to return to the
depot with their trucks, the BBC noted. Under they Dayton agreement such
unauthorized caches can be confiscated and destroyed. -- Patrick Moore

MUSLIMS ATTACK "SERBS." A Muslim crowd of about 100 persons, mainly
women and teenagers, blocked a UN-protected convoy in Ilidza on 4
August. The International Police Task Force (IPTF) was attempting to
escort what the Muslims believed to be two busses of Serbian civilians
wanting to return to the Sarajevo suburb of Osjek. The Muslims damaged
IPTF vehicles with bricks and rocks, and a UN translator was slightly
injured, news agencies reported. The busses turned out, however, to be
carrying Muslims. UN spokesman Patrik Svensson said that the incident
was probably designed to intimidate the remaining 240 Serbs living in
Osjek. The opposition in Sarajevo has charged the governing Party of
Democratic Action of trying to pack the suburbs with Muslim refugees
from eastern Bosnia in order to change the ethnic and political balance.
-- Patrick Moore

TUDJMAN CELEBRATES FIRST ANNIVERSARY OF RECAPTURE OF KNIN . . . Croatian
President Franjo Tudjman on 5 August attended a celebration of the first
anniversary of the recapture of the former rebel Serb stronghold of Knin
by Croatian forces, AFP reported. Knin, which was a beginning point of
the four-year Serb rebellion, represented Tudjman's greatest military
victory. But the Croatian Helsinki Committee on 3 August released a
report saying that at least 115 Croatian Serbs were "arbitrarily
executed" in the months following the August 1995 retaking of the city
and that 110 others "disappeared." The Committee also accused senior
officials, including Tudjman, of knowing about the atrocities and not
doing anything about them. It blamed the Croatian government for failing
to prevent criminal acts from taking place after the offensive, while at
the same time creating obstacles for exiled Serbs to return to Croatia.
-- Daria Sito Sucic

. . . WHILE SERB RADICAL LEADER SAYS KRAJINA BELONGS TO THE SERBS.
Accused war criminal and leader of the Serbian Radical Party (SRS),
Vojislav Seselj, said on the occasion of the first anniversary of
Croatia's reclaiming of its Krajina territory from rebel Serbs, that
Krajina is "simply occupied and forcibly taken from our people." Seselj
vowed he would use all "peaceful and democratic" means to work towards
the goal of retaking Krajina for the Serbs. Beta on 5 August quoted the
SRS leader observing that "if the French had to wait nearly fifty years
to reclaim Alsace-Lorraine from Germany ... and so we Serbs will have to
wait for a better reconfiguration of forces in the international
community ... to forge the unity of all Serb lands." -- Stan Markotich

SERBIAN LEADERS REACT TO NEWS OF KRAJINA LIBERATION ARMY. Several
prominent Serbs have reacted negatively to news of the formation of the
self-proclaimed terrorist group known as the Krajina Liberation Army
(KAO), which has vowed to wage terrorist campaigns against "Serbian
traitors" and Croatia for its having reclaimed Krajina (see OMRI Daily
Digest, 2 August 1996). Beta on 2 August reported that Mihajlo
Vucinovic, president of the association representing Krajina refugees,
said that Zagreb "could hardly wait for the KOA to be formed so it could
justify continued discrimination against Serbs staying in Croatia and
keep those who wished from returning." Even paramilitary leader and
accused war criminal Zeljko "Arkan" Raznatovic offered a condemnation,
saying the KOA can accomplish "nothing through terrorism." -- Stan
Markotich

SUPREME COURT JUDGE: ILIESCU'S CANDIDACY UNCONSTITUTIONAL. In an
interview with the daily Romania libera, Judge Paul Florea of the
Romanian Supreme Court said incumbent president Ion Iliescu's candidacy
for a new term is unconstitutional, Reuters reported on 5 August. The
constitution stipulates that a president's mandate is limited to a
maximum of two consecutive terms. Romania libera had earlier reported
that Iliescu's campaign team had consulted the constitutional court and
had been unofficially advised that the provision concerning a second
term does not apply retroactively to the adoption of the basic law.
Iliescu had served as president of the transitional legislative-
executive body set up in December 1989, and was elected president in May
1990. He was again elected in 1992, after the passing of the country's
new constitution, and his supporters claim his renewed candidacy is for
a constitutional second term. -- Michael Shafir

ILIESCU STILL LEADING POLLS. According to a recent opinion poll, the
main opposition alliance, the Democratic Convention of Romania (CDR), is
the most popular "party" in parliamentary elections scheduled for early
November (33.5%), but President Ion Iliescu is ahead (37.1%) in the
presidential race that will be held at the same time, the daily
Libertatea reported on 6 August. The survey was conducted by the
Institute for Market and Social Analysis. CDR candidate Emil
Constantinescu trails Iliescu (31.6%), followed by the candidate of the
Democratic Party, Petre Roman (18.7%). In the parliamentary race, the
major ruling party, the Party of Social Democracy in Romania, is backed
by 27.5% of those polled. More than a quarter of those questioned (26%)
said either that they will not vote or that they are undecided. --
Michael Shafir

BULGARIAN PRESIDENT ON POLITICAL SITUATION. President Zhelyu Zhelev, in
an interview with Trud on 5 August, repeated his position that a
presidential republic could help pull Bulgaria out of its present
crisis. Zhelev said the present parliamentary system has shown that "it
either works badly, or not at all." Zhelev called accusations that he
wants more power "not serious." He repeated that he will not run in the
upcoming elections but stay in politics after leaving the presidency in
January 1997. Also on 5 August, Zhelev met with the united opposition's
presidential candidate, Petar Stoyanov. Stoyanov told RFE/RL that he and
Zhelev agreed that the main problem in Bulgaria is the government's
mismanagement. Stoyanov said the opposition supports Zhelev's foreign
policy orientation. -- Stefan Krause

GREEK-LANGUAGE SCHOOLS TO OPEN IN SOUTHERN ALBANIA. Greek-language
schools will open this year in Gjirokastra, Saranda, and Delvina,
international agencies reported on 6 August. The Greek government had
demanded the opening of elementary schools instructing in Greek as an
important step towards improving mutual relations. The ethnic-Greek
minority in southern Albania has previously been able to attend classes
in Greek in regular Albanian schools. In other news, Police have
arrested a man suspected of killing Bujar Kaloshi, the general director
of the Albanian prisons, Koha Jone reported on 6 August. -- Fabian
Schmidt

[As of 12:00 CET]

Compiled by Pete Baumgartner

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