Live all you can: it's a mistake not to. It doesn't so much matter what you do in particular, so long as you have your life. If you haven't had that what have you had? - Henry James
OMRI DAILY DIGEST

No. 111, Part II, 7 June 1996


This is Part II of the Open Media Research Institute's Daily Digest.
Part II is a compilation of news concerning Central, Eastern, and
Southeastern Europe. Part I, covering Russia, Transcaucasia and Central
Asia, is distributed simultaneously as a second document. Back issues of
the Daily Digest, and other information about OMRI, are available
through OMRI's WWW pages: http://www.omri.cz/Index.html

CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

FINANCIAL PROBLEMS WITH CHORNOBYL CLOSURE. After meeting with G-7
representatives for two days in Kyiv, Ukrainian Environment Minister
Yurii Kostenko announced that the government might have to reconsider
its plans to close the Chornobyl plant due to lack of financing,
international agencies reported on 6 June. Kostenko said Ukraine needs
$840 million immediately to finish constructing two reactors at the
Khmelnytsky and Rivne power stations to make up for the loss of energy
should Chornobyl be shut down. In December 1995, the G-7 agreed to a
$3.1 billion aid package for the closure but did not decide on a
specific timetable for the release of the funds. Head of the G-7
delegation Claude Mandil said some agreements were reached during talks,
including a more specific plan on distributing over 10 years $1.4
billion for the closure and a $170 million grant for building storage
and processing facilities. -- Ustina Markus

UKRAINIAN GOVERNMENT SETS UP STATE COAL RESERVE. The Ukrainian
government has allocated 6 trillion karbovantsi ($32 million) to set up
by 15 September a 5.5-million-ton state coal reserve at the country's
power stations, UNIAN reported on 5 June as monitored by the BBC. The
cabinet has also approved providing state guarantees for commercial bank
loans worth 17 trillion karbovantsi to buy Ukrainian-made supplies and
machinery for the coal sector. It is also planning further state support
for coal enterprises that produce chiefly for the Ukrainian market. --
Chrystyna Lapychak

CRIMEAN PARLIAMENT APPROVES AMBITIOUS ECONOMIC PLAN. Crimean lawmakers
have approved an ambitious regional government plan for the social and
economic development of the peninsula, UNIAR reported on 5 June, as
monitored by the BBC. The plan forecasts a 1.4% rise in industrial
output and a 22.7% jump in agricultural production by next year. It also
predicts a 56% increase in wages and a doubling in pension benefits. The
scheme calls for increased oil and gas production through the
development of oil and gas wells at the Shtormovoye and Semenovskoye
deposits in the region. It also forecasts a recovery in the troubled
Crimean tourism industry, with 3.5 million visitors expected this year
compared to 2.5 million in 1995. Crimean officials believe the pace of
privatization will speed up when the region's some 600 coveted health
resorts and chief industries go up for sale in the near future. --
Chrystyna Lapychak

ESTONIA LAYS FOUNDATION FOR EU INTEGRATION. The Estonian government on 6
June approved the country's EU integration plan, which states the
accession will take place no sooner than 2001 or 2002, ETA reported.
Director of the European Integration Bureau Riivo Snijarv noted that for
Estonia EU membership will mean access to a market of 380 million
consumers. A poll by the Estonian Market Research AS indicated that
Estonians are well informed about EU policies and 72% would participate
in a referendum on joining the EU, with 47% voting for the integration
and 24% voting against it. -- Saulius Girnius

LITHUANIA'S LITIMPEKS BANK ALLOWED TO RESUME ALL OPERATIONS. The board
of the Bank of Lithuania on 6 June decided to allow Litimpeks Bank to
resume all operations from 10 June, Radio Lithuania reported. The
Litimpeks Bank's board is to be elected on 7 June, with its former
leader Gintautas Preidys as one of its candidates. The suspension of the
activities of Litimpeks and the Joint Stock Innovation Bank in December
1995 resulted in a serious banking crises from which Lithuania is still
recovering. Lithuania currently has 27 banks of which nine are facing
bankruptcy proceedings and only 11 are fully operational. -- Saulius
Girnius

POLISH CATHOLIC LEADERS SPEAK OUT ON SOCIAL ISSUES. At a procession in
Warsaw of some 15,000 Poles celebrating Corpus Christi, Primate Jozef
Glemp stressed the right to life of the unborn and the need to ratify a
concordat that would clarify church-state relations, Rzeczpospolita
reported on 7 June. Glemp said the family is being degraded by the
Polish law, media, and economic conditions. He criticized feminist
movements saying they aim to abolish marriage and consequently, the
happiness of women. Cracow's Cardinal Jozef Macharski also called for
the rejection of nationalism and intolerance. -- Dagmar Mroziewicz

EURO-JEWISH CONGRESS CRITICIZES POLISH ANTI-SEMITES. The European Jewish
Congress (EJC) on 6 June said that a car explosion on 4 June near a
Jewish restaurant in Warsaw is the latest in a series of anti-Semitic
acts in Poland over last few weeks. The blast shattered windows but
caused no casualties. The EJC linked the attack to anti-Semitic
statements made by Edward Moskal, the leader of Americans of Polish
origin, and to the resumed construction of a shopping center just
outside the Auschwitz death camp (see OMRI Daily Digest, 4 June 1996).
Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski had ordered police to stop the
construction at Auschwitz and the Warsaw government had agreed that the
project is inappropriate. -- Dagmar Mroziewicz

CZECH PRESIDENT ASKS INCUMBENT PRIME MINISTER TO FORM GOVERNMENT. Vaclav
Havel on 6 May designated Vaclav Klaus to form a minority government and
on 7 May called the first session of the new parliament for 17 June,
Czech media reported. Klaus's Civic Democratic Party won the 31 May-1
June elections, but the Klaus-led coalition of right-of-center parties
failed to win a parliamentary majority. The opposition Social Democrats
(CSSD) have indicated they will support a minority government in
exchange for posts in the leadership of the parliament, including that
of the parliament's chairman. They are also demanding that the coalition
alter its social, housing, and education policies to reflect the CSSD's
objectives. Most Czech analysts agree that forming a coalition
government that complies with the CSSD's demands will be difficult and
that such a government may be only a temporary solution until new
elections can be called. -- Jiri Pehe

FORMER ROMANI REPRESENTATIVE TO RUN FOR SENATE. Ladislav Body, who had
been the only Romani representative in the Czech parliament but whose
Left Bloc party was unsuccessful in last week's parliamentary elections,
told TASR on 6 June that he will run for the Senate in November. While
he voiced approval of the state's recent amendment to its citizenship
law, he also emphasized the need for Romani political representation. --
Alaina Lemon

SLOVAK OPPOSITION FIGURE INTERPRETS COALITION CONFLICT. Milan Knazko of
the Democratic Union on 6 June accused the Slovak National Party (SNS)
of blackmailing Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar in an attempt to gain a
bigger share in privatization, Slovak media reported. SNS chairman Jan
Slota's request that the parliamentary organ overseeing the Slovak
Information Service (SIS) be expanded to include opposition
representatives is "only propaganda," Knazko stressed, adding that Slota
knows this would allow the opposition to determine SIS involvement in
the kidnapping of the president's son. Recent management changes at the
state insurance firm Slovenska poistovna sparked the SNS's rebellion.
However, Sergej Kozlik, Finance Minister and Meciar's ally, told TASR on
6 June that the new leadership was legally elected. Kozlik criticized
National Property Fund Presidium President Stefan Gavornik, claiming
that instead of dealing with the insurance firm's problems, Gavornik
took the position of a "dead beetle." -- Sharon Fisher

PARLIAMENTARY DEBATE ON HUNGARY'S NEW CONSTITUTION ENDS. The parliament
on 6 June ended a month-long general debate on the new draft
constitution, Hungarian dailies reported. The final draft was prepared
by an all parliamentary party committee and then presented in late
March. The coalition parties--the Socialists and Free Democrats--would
like to complete the final text of the constitution by December and push
the bill through this year. Meanwhile, some opposition parties suggested
that only amendments be made to the current constitution and the
drafting of a new constitution be postponed until after the 1998
elections. The opposition Smallholders' Party rejected the draft
constitution and recommended that both the plan and the final version be
approved by a referendum, arguing that society was not given the time
and opportunity to familiarize itself with the concept. The coalition
politicians rejected this argument and pointed out that the full text of
the draft was published in the daily press in June 1995. -- Zsofia
Szilagyi

SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE

NATO VEHICLES SURROUND KARADZIC'S HOUSE. NATO troops have stepped up
their psychological campaign against the Bosnian Serb leadership, which
recently included the reported use of helicopters to chase Col. Slavko
Aleksic near Sarajevo. Three armored personnel carriers were deployed
around the home of indicted war criminal Radovan Karadzic in Pale and
pointed their barrels at it, Onasa reported on 6 June. The vehicles left
the scene after a group of civilians gathered between the house and the
armored vehicles. IFOR has also stepped up patrols in the Bosnian Serb
capital. Meanwhile in Washington, the Pentagon announced on 6 June that
Vice Adm. T. Joseph Lopez will replace Adm. Leighton Smith as NATO
commander in southern Europe and in Bosnia this summer. Spokesmen
stressed that the move reflects normal rotations of personnel and has
nothing to do with policy, AFP noted. -- Patrick Moore

HAGUE COURT WANTS SANCTIONS AGAINST PALE AND BELGRADE. Antonio Cassese,
the head of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former
Yugoslavia, told a news conference in Sarajevo on 6 June that the court
wants the international community's High Representative Carl Bildt to
implement sanctions against the Republika Srpska. He said he will
formally launch the proposal at the upcoming international summit on
Bosnia-Herzegovina in Florence. Cassese added that he "probably" will
also ask for sanctions to be reimposed on rump Yugoslavia, Onasa and
Nasa Borba noted. He stressed that neither Serb state is properly
cooperating with the court as the Dayton agreement obliges them to do.
He told Bosnian Prime Minister Hasan Muratovic that the Bosnian
government is the only one in the former Yugoslavia that is meeting its
obligations to cooperate. -- Patrick Moore

BOSNIAN UPDATE. Delegations representing rump Yugoslavia, Croatia, the
Bosnian Federation, the Republika Srpska, and the Bosnian government met
a midnight deadline to complete an arms limitation agreement in Vienna
on 6 June, AFP reported. The Norwegian OSCE mediator said that the 90-
page basic text has been written and only a few details remain to be
ironed out. Such an agreement is specified in the Dayton treaty and will
take effect after being signed in Oslo on 11 June. Meanwhile in Bosnia,
representatives of Serbs loyal to the Bosnian government and to a multi-
ethnic Bosnia strongly protested discrimination against Serbs on federal
territory, particularly in the Sarajevo suburbs, Nasa Borba and
Oslobodjenje noted on 7 June. Elsewhere, a cross-border bus between
Banja Luka and Zenica completed its journey on 6 June after a "short
dispute" with Bosnian Serb police who had stopped it, Onasa said. --
Patrick Moore

BOSNIAN FEDERAL ASSEMBLY ADOPTS 21 AMENDMENTS. The federal assembly at
its constitutional session on 5 June adopted 21 amendments to the
constitution, Onasa reported. This followed complaints from federal
President Kresimir Zubak that the laws adopted by the Bosnian Republic
Assembly were illegitimate. However, no agreement was reached on the
amendments relating to the federation's defense, customs service,
diplomatic-consular missions, and the Sarajevo city organization. The
biggest controversy is over a defense bill intended to integrate the
Croatian and Muslim armies within three years. Bosnian President Alija
Izetbegovic emphasized that the two parties still have separate armies
and "unfortunately they cannot be eliminated by the stroke of a pen,"
Reuters reported on 6 June. -- Daria Sito Sucic

RUMP YUGOSLAVIA TO OPEN CONSULATE IN CROATIA. Rump Yugoslavia's Foreign
Ministry issued a statement on 6 June that the Yugoslav government
bureau in Zagreb will start to function as a consulate from 15 June,
Nasa Borba reported the next day. The consulate will be in charge of
protecting rump Yugoslavia's interests in Croatia. The office will also
issue passports and visas. In another development, Eastern Slavonian
Serbs asked the UN to extend the mandate for its transitional authority
(UNTAES) by one year, AFP reported on 6 June. Croatian Serbs also
decided to form a 15-member "expert council" to hold talks with Croatia
on the future status of the region. Eastern Slavonia is slated to be
returned to the Croatian government, while under the Dayton peace
accords UNTAES has a 12-month mandate, which can be extended by an
additional year, to insure the peaceful transition of the territory. --
Daria Sito Sucic

RELEASED SERBIAN PRISONERS ARRIVE IN RUMP YUGOSLAVIA. Sixty of 78 ethnic
Serbian prisoners freed by Croatia in accordance with an amnesty that
Croatian President Franjo Tudjman announced at the end of May arrived in
rump Yugoslavia on 6 June, having been transported by the International
Committee of the Red Cross, Nasa Borba reported the next day. All 78
were arrested during Croatia's August 1995 Operation Storm mission to
reclaim territory held by Serbian rebel forces. The prisoners were
charged for their roles in the 1991 Krajina Serb uprising against
Croatia. All received pardons on 30 May, and 18 decided to stay in
Croatia, Reuters reported on 6 June. -- Stan Markotich

MOLDOVA PROTESTS CHANGE IN RUSSIAN PEACEKEEPING FORCES. Senior Moldovan
officials protested Russia's decision to transfer a battalion belonging
to its troops based in eastern Moldova to the peacekeeping forces in
that region, Moldovan news agencies reported on 6 June. The move took
place on 30 May when more than 200 military and dozens of armored
vehicles were dispatched to the town of Tighina (Bendery) to join the
peacekeeping forces there. Victor Cecan, Moldova's representative on the
Joint Control Commission, said that the decision is in violation of a
July 1992 Moldovan-Russian convention on the settlement of the Dniester
conflict that provided for the strict neutrality of the former 14th
Russian Army. Moldova wants Russia to withdraw this army, re-named
Operational Group last summer. The Russian military attache in Chisinau
claimed that the move was "due to purely financial reasons." -- Dan
Ionescu

BULGARIAN AGRICULTURE MINISTER RESIGNS. Svetoslav Shivarov on 6 June
announced his resignation as agriculture minister. The leadership of the
Bulgarian Agrarian People's Union "Aleksandar Stamboliyski" approved his
decision, Demokratsiya reported. Shivarov, who took over the Agriculture
Ministry only on 23 January, did not resign his post as deputy premier.
He had been widely criticized for his failure to deal with the ongoing
grain and bread shortage and was named as one of the most likely victims
of the cabinet reshuffle expected next week. The plenary meeting of the
Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP) Supreme Council on 8 June is expected to
approve changes in the government and the BSP Executive Bureau. Prime
Minister Zhan Videnov's economic advisor Ivan Angelov also resigned,
Duma reported. Meanwhile in Standart, Executive Bureau member Vladimir
Topencharov said the government might fall in two or three months if the
situation does not change. -- Stefan Krause

BULGARIAN ROUNDUP. The parliament on 7 June dismissed Bulgarian National
TV Director-General Ivan Granitski, Bulgarian media reported. The
opposition boycotted the vote. The parliamentary commission overseeing
the state media had proposed Granitski's dismissal on 5 June (see OMRI
Daily Digest, 6 June 1996), but a vote on 6 June failed after the
opposition walked out and the necessary quorum of 120 lawmakers was not
met. In other news, thousands of people protested against the
government's economic and social politics in Sofia on 6 June, Reuters
reported. They called for the government's resignation and shouted "we
are hungry." Hundreds of thousands went on a nationwide one-hour warning
strike. Also on 6 June, Amnesty International released a report accusing
Bulgaria of police brutality and the death of prisoners "on a large
scale." Meanwhile, Interior Minister Nikolay Dobrev asked the parliament
to lift a moratorium on the death penalty adopted in 1990. -- Stefan
Krause

ALBANIAN INTERIOR MINISTER SACKS POLICE CHIEFS. The Interior Ministry on
6 June sacked seven police chiefs for violently crushing an opposition
rally in Tirana on 28 May, Reuters reported. The police had beaten with
batons senior opposition leaders and parliamentary candidates protesting
alleged manipulations in the 26 May parliamentary elections. The police
injured a number of people, including journalists, and temporarily
detained opposition politicians. Those sacked include a colonel and a
deputy colonel, who are vice-directors in the Interior Ministry, and
five senior Tirana police officers. The Socialist Party has filed suits
against the secret service and the police in connection with the
incidents. The police has banned opposition demonstrations from central
Skanderbeg Square and prevented an opposition rally on 4 June, but the
Socialists have called for another one on 8 June. -- Fabian Schmidt

WASHINGTON CALLS FOR NEW ELECTIONS IN ALBANIA. U.S. State Department
spokesman Nicholas Burns said that Albania's offer to partially repeat
the Albanian elections is not good enough and that the election should
be redone in more areas, AFP reported on 6 June. He added that fraud was
widespread in the ballot and is quoted as saying that "further U.S.
actions will depend upon the response of the Albanian government to our
proposals." The Albanian government has offered re-elections in four
constituencies. Meanwhile, the Socialist Party said that it wants re-
elections in at least 107 election districts out of a total 115. An
earlier U.S. State Department statement on 1 June called the vote "a
significant step backward" from previous parliamentary elections in 1992
that "cast a shadow on the prospects for democratic progress in
Albania," Reuters reported. -- Fabian Schmidt

[As of 1200 CET]

Compiled by Deborah Michaels

------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Copyright (c) 1996 Open Media Research Institute, Inc.
                      All rights reserved. ISSN 1211-1570
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             SUBSCRIBING/UNSUBSCRIBING
1) Compose a message to LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU
2) To subscribe, write:
     SUBSCRIBE OMRI-L FirstName LastName (include your own name)
   To unsubscribe, write:
     UNSUBSCRIBE OMRI-L
3) Send the message

                                  REPRINT POLICY
To receive a copy of OMRI's reprint policy, contact OMRIPUB@OMRI.CZ
or see the Web page at
http://www.omri.cz/Publications/Digests/DigestReprint.html

                              OTHER OMRI PUBLICATIONS
TRANSITION
OMRI publishes the biweekly journal TRANSITION, which contains
expanded analysis of many of the topics in the Daily Digest. For
subscription information send an e-mail to TRANSITION@OMRI.CZ


ECONOMIC DIGEST
The OMRI Economic Digest is for those who need more detailed economic
news from the region.  There is a four-week free trial subscription
available; for more information, write ECON@OMRI.CZ or go to the
Economic Digest Web page at
http://www.omri.cz/Econ/Info.html


RUSSIAN DAILY DIGEST
The OMRI Daily Digest is translated into Russian and distributed the
following day.
1) Compose a message to MAJORDOMO@DEMOS.SU
2) In the body of the message, write SUBSCRIBE OMRI 
   (be sure to replace  with your own name).
3) Send the message

[English] [Russian TRANS | KOI8 | ALT | WIN | MAC | ISO5]

F&P Home ° Comments ° Guestbook


1996 Friends and Partners
Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole
Please visit the Russian and American mirror sites of Friends and Partners.
Updated: 1998-11-

Please write to us with your comments and suggestions.

F&P Quick Search
Main Sections
Home
Bulletin Board
Chat Room
F&P Listserver

RFE/RL
1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
Search

News
News From Russia/NIS
News About Russia/NIS
Newspapers & Magazines
Global News
Weather

©1996 Friends and Partners
Please write to us with any comments, questions or suggestions -- Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole