Если когда-нибудь, гоняясь за счастьем, вы найдете его, вы, подобно старухе, искавшей свои очки, обнаружите, что счастье было все время у вас на носу. - Б. Шоу
OMRI DAILY DIGEST

No. 243, Part II, 15 December 1995



************************************************************************
Do you need sharply focused economic news? OMRI's weekly Economic Digest
provides thorough coverage of business and financial developments
throughout the region.

This week's edition includes stories on the successful privatization of
Hungarian utilities, and a record-low weekly inflation rate in Russia.

For subscription and rate information, please send a message to
econ@omri.cz
***********************************************************************

This is Part II of the Open Media Research Institute's Daily Digest.
Part II is a compilation of news concerning Central, Eastern, and
Southeastern Europe. Part I, covering Russia, Transcaucasia and Central
Asia, is distributed simultaneously as a second document. Back issues of
the Daily Digest, and other information about OMRI, are available
through OMRI's WWW pages: http://www.omri.cz/Index.html

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^TODAY'S TOP STORY^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
SERBIAN SHELLS FLY BEFORE INK DRIES ON PARIS PEACE ACCORD. According to
the Bosnian government military authorities, four grenades were fired
from Serb districts of Sarajevo only an hour after the Bosnian peace
accord was signed in Paris. Two of them fell in the demarcation zone
dividing government and Serbian areas of the city, and others directly
hit a house in southern Sarajevo, AFP reported on 14 December. The
leaders of Bosnia, Serbia, and Croatia unanimously condemned this
grenade attack, with Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic saying that
this may be the last attempt aimed to halt peace and prolong the war.
Meanwhile, Reuters on 14 December reported that Bosnian Croat militia
and Islamic mujahideen forces clashed in the central Bosnian town of
Zepce, and casualties were reported. Meanwhile in Washington, the
Defense Department told news agencies that Islamic fighters have begun
leaving Bosnia in response to Izetbegovic's promise to the Americans
that they would go. -- Daria Sito Sucic
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT WRAPS UP BRITISH VISIT. Ukrainian President Leonid
Kuchma on 14 December ended a three-day visit to Britain, international
agencies reported. Following meetings with British Prime Minister John
Major and Queen Elizabeth II, he invited both to visit Ukraine next
year. Major has already accepted the invitation. Kuchma urged Britain
and the G-7 to sign a memorandum on the closure of Chornobyl offering
adequate guarantees of compensation to Ukraine by the end of the year.
He also met with EBRD representatives who promised him $75 million in
funding for Ukrainian enterprises and $50 million in foreign trade
financing. The bulk of the enterprise funding will be used to
restructure Ukraine's energy sector. -- Ustina Markus

UKRAINE INITIALS SPACE DEAL WITH U.S. AFP on 14 December reported that
Ukraine has initialed an agreement on commercial space launches with the
U.S. The deal allows Ukraine to enter the international space market on
its own or in conjunction with a U.S.-led joint venture. The agreement
permits Ukraine to win up to five contracts for launches into
geosynchronous earth orbit and up to 11 contracts for the US-Ukrainian
joint venture until 2001. Ukraine has been lobbying for access to the
international market for its space industry for over a year, but there
was opposition to this from the U.S. space lobby, which was concerned
that Ukraine's entry could disrupt the world space market. In order to
appease the U.S. lobby, the deal sets price guidelines to ensure
Ukraine's entry into the satellite launch business does not disrupt the
market. The agreement is similar to ones already negotiated with Russia
and China. -- Ustina Markus

ESTONIA ADOPTS NEW GOVERNMENT LAW. After an all-night session ending on
14 December, the Estonian parliament adopted a new law reducing the
number of government officials, BNS reported. The law splits the Culture
and Education ministry into two and makes 40 offices and inspectorates
that had previously operated as separate offices into ministry
departments. Other sections of the law allow the post of prime minister
to be combined with that of a minister and permits the cabinet to pass
decisions when at least half of the members plus one are present. A
record number of 312 amendments to the law had been previously voted on.
-- Saulius Girnius

THIRD CANDIDATE FOR LATVIAN PREMIER NOMINATED. President Guntis Ulmanis
announced on 14 December in Frankfurt that he was asking 37-year-old
businessman Andris Skele to try to form a new government, Reuters
reported. Skele is chairman of the Latvian Shipping Company and was
acting agriculture minister in 1993. Since the elections on 1 October,
the Saeima has divided into two rival blocs, both of which
unsuccessfully tried to form a government. Skele is a compromise
candidate who appears to have the support of the right-of-center
National Bloc and the left-of-center Democratic Party Saimnieks. Skele
hopes to present a list of ministers next week so that the Saeima can
vote on it before concluding its fall session on 21 December. -- Saulius
Girnius

LITHUANIAN VIEWS ON BALTIC MILITARY ALLIANCE. Chairman of the Center
Union Romualdas Ozolas told a press conference on 14 December that the
Baltic States have no alternative but to ally themselves militarily,
Radio Lithuania reported. Other political leaders have recently
expressed the opposite position. Earlier that day, Defense Minister
Linas Linkevicius said that during the current stage of the NATO
integration process, it was not expedient to establish a Baltic military
alliance. Joint military efforts were meaningful only if they served the
goal of achieving membership in European-wide organizations, he said.
Christian Democratic Party Chairman Algirdas Saudargas two days earlier
said forming a Baltic military alliance now was a dangerous step since
it could be interpreted as an alternative to NATO membership. An
alliance should be formed only in the context of NATO and should be
confirmed by its secretary-general. -- Saulius Girnius

POLISH PRESIDENT-ELECT APOLOGIZES TO ELECTORATE. Aleksander Kwasniewski-
-speaking on 14 December in Kielce, where he began his election
campaign--apologized to those who were disappointed with his performance
during the election campaign. Rzeczpospolita on 15 December quotes him
as saying that he did not receive an M.A. degree; although he had passed
all the necessary examinations, he did not submit a thesis. Kwasniewski
said that he has no doubts that the elections were valid, adding that
his main aim as president will be to avoid deepening divisions. --
Dagmar Mroziewicz

WEIZSAECKER CONDEMNS BENES DECREES. Former German President Richard von
Weizsaecker on 14 December said the Benes decrees--under which up to
three million Sudeten Germans were expelled from postwar Czechoslovakia
and their property expropriated--were not legal acts but "additional war
operations," CTK reported. In a lecture at Charles University in Prague,
Weizsaecker nonetheless added that important progress has been made in
preparing a joint parliamentary declaration intended to ease rifts in
Czech-German relations. The Sudeten issue is still the most tendentious
in ties between the two countries. Czech politicians have repeatedly
refused to consider nullifying the decrees issued by President Edvard
Benes in 1945. "Several souls in positions of responsibility must still
overcome their inhibitions. But I believe that we are very quickly
approaching the goal," Weizsaecker said. He was awarded an honorary law
doctorate by Charles University. -- Steve Kettle

SLOVAK PRESIDENT RESPONDS TO SECRET SERVICE CHIEF. Michal Kovac has
responded to an open letter sent by Slovak Information Service chief
Ivan Lexa on 20 October saying that "neither the SIS as a state organ .
. . nor I myself personally had anything to do with the alleged
kidnapping of your son." According to Sme on 15 December, Kovac said he
decided to react to Lexa's letter after Slovak TV's recent broadcast of
statements by convicted criminal Peter Krylov. Kovac said those
statements were directed "not only against my son but also against me."
Kovac said the testimony of witnesses "clearly shows the involvement of
SIS members . . . in the assault and abduction of a Slovak citizen
abroad." He also expressed "deep concern" about the SIS's interest in
his son's alleged involvement in the Technopol fraud, which, he said, is
not under the SIS's jurisdiction. -- Sharon Fisher

SLOVAK POLITICAL UPDATE. The parliament on 14 December approved a law on
control over the state administration, which gives the government office
additional powers. It also approved an audiovisual law that is less
restrictive than the controversial bill passed by the government in late
October. The new law states that 30% of distributed films must be
European, of which 30% must be of Slovak origin, Sme reported. The
parliament was forced to delay a vote on the budget of the National
Property Fund after the opposition walked out of the parliament, leaving
an insufficient number of deputies for the vote. Also on 14 December,
the cabinet voted to send Slovak military engineers to join
internatinoal forces in eastern Slavonia, Pravda reported. -- Sharon
Fisher

SNOW IN HUNGARY DELAYS PREPARATION FOR BOSNIAN PEACEKEEPING. Heavy snow
has seriously delayed the U.S. Army's setting up of a logistics base in
southern Hungary that will support forces in Bosnia, Hungarian and
international media reported on 15 December. Most of the 20,000 American
soldiers taking part in the NATO-led Bosnian peacekeeping force will
pass through the Taszar air base, near the Croatian border, before
entering the former Yugoslavia. Heavy snow falls canceled all flights of
mainly C-130 transport planes earlier this week. A military official
said the current delays will not affect the IFOR mission because most of
the equipment is for use in Hungary. But he added that if flights do not
resume soon, more equipment will have to come overland. Meanwhile, the
mayor of Taszar commented that the NATO operation is a godsend since it
has solved the town's serious unemployment problem. -- Zsofia Szilagyi

HUNGARIAN PREMIER CONCLUDES SOUTH KOREAN VISIT. Gyula Horn, at the end
of his three-day visit to South Korea, held talks on 14 December with
President Kim Young Sam, Hungarian media reported. The two leaders
agreed to promote cooperation in the fields of trade and investment.
Horn asked Kim Young Sam to encourage South Korean investors to become
more active in Hungary and to take part in the privatization of state
assets. An agreement was signed whereby South Korea will extend a $25
million loan to Hungary for the modernization of the Dunaferr Iron and
Steel company. Hungary is to repay the loan within 15 years following a
five-year grace period. -- Zsofia Szilagyi

SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE

SARAJEVO, BELGRADE TO RECOGNIZE EACH OTHER? AFP quoted diplomatic
sources in Paris as saying that Bosnian Foreign Minister Muhamed
Sacirbey and his rump Yugoslav counterpart, Milan Milutinovic, exchanged
letters of official mutual recognition on 14 December and agreed to
exchange ambassadors within 60 days. Since Serb-dominated Yugoslavia
strongly supported separatist Bosnian Serbs during the war, its
recognition of an independent Bosnian state would affirm the statehood
of Bosnia, as agreed by the peace accord. However, Croatian and rump
Yugoslav mutual recognition has been delayed due to the unsolved issue
of Prevlaka peninsula, Nasa Borba reported on 15 December. Reuters
quoted Milutinovic as saying that Croatia, which allegedly earlier
agreed to exchange Prevlaka for the Dubrovnik hinterland, had broken the
promise but also "accepted rump Yugoslavia as the successor of former
Yugoslavia." But Croatia has repeatedly said that no one state can claim
to be the sole successor and that assets have to be divided fairly. --
Daria Sito Sucic

IZETBEGOVIC CALLS TREATY "A USEFUL BUT BITTER MEDICINE." Bosnian
President Alija Izetbegovic said in Paris that the Dayton agreement is
far from ideal and is not embraced by his government with enthusiasm. He
added, however, that it was a necessary measure in order to preserve the
unity and territorial integrity of his embattled republic. Nasa Borba on
15 December quoted him as saying that the struggle would now continue by
means of ideas rather than weapons. Izetbegovic promised to cooperate
with the international forces in implementing the treaty and told
Sarajevo's Serbs they should stay and "live in security." -- Patrick
Moore

TUDJMAN SAYS "THIS IS A HISTORIC DAY." Croatian President Franjo Tudjman
told reporters in Paris that he is "very satisfied" with the Dayton
treaty and with his meetings with his American and French counterparts.
Hina on 14 December reported that he said on his return to Zagreb that
Dayton "means an end to one of the most complex and most tragic wars
[and] crises." Earlier at the signing ceremony he recalled the
weaknesses of communist Yugoslavia and how these led to Serbia's attacks
on Slovenia, Croatia, and Bosnia. Tudjman also noted that Croatia "is
historically and geopolitically most closely linked to Bosnia-
Herzegovina." Nasa Borba on 15 December also quoted him as saying that
there will be no lasting peace until Croatia's occupied territories are
reintegrated. Meanwhile, the Association of Croatian Displaced Persons
issued a statement carried by Hina on 14 December calling for quicker
measures to restore normal life to the territories already taken back
this year. -- Patrick Moore

SERBIAN PRESIDENT REASSURES SARAJEVO SERBS. Slobodan Milosevic, speaking
on Television Serbia on 14 December after the signing of the peace
accord--reassured Bosnian Serbs that no harm will come to them. "Room
for fears or worries does not exist," he said. While suggesting that
Sarajevo's Serbs may have legitimate concerns about life under Bosnian
government jurisdiction, he said "I am sure that any legitimate concerns
of the citizens of Serbian Sarajevo can be solved . . . with the
engagement of the international community, including, of course, [rump]
Yugoslavia." In a related story, Politika on 15 December reported that
Milosevic's ruling Socialist Party of Serbia has greeted the signing of
the peace in Paris by declaring "peace has emerged victorious." -- Stan
Markotich

MACEDONIAN NATIONAL BANK PROMISES EASED MONETARY POLICY. Addressing a
gathering of banking and insurance officials, Macedonian National Bank
Vice President Gligor Bisev promised that a recent easing of monetary
policy will continue through 1996, Nova Makedonija reported on 14
December. This will lead to increased bank financing for productive
investment. He predicted that retail price inflation in 1995 would be
6%, that social product would increase by 1.5%, and that the money
supply would grow by 12.5%. -- Michael Wyzan

EX-YUGOSLAV ALBANIAN PARTIES CRITICIZE MARGINALIZATION. The Council of
Albanian Political Parties in the former Yugoslavia has issued a
statement criticizing the "marginalization" of the Kosovo conflict by
the Paris conference. The parties said the conference only "pretends to
bring peace to the former Yugoslavia," noting that "without a just
solution to the Kosovo question and the problem of Albanians in the
entire former Yugoslavia, it will not be possible to overcome the Balkan
crisis and prevent future conflicts," BETA reported on 14 December. --
Fabian Schmidt

HUNGARIAN MINORITY REPRESENTATIVES WALK OUT OF ROMANIAN SENATE. Senators
representing the Hungarian Democratic Federation of Romania (UDMR)
walked out of a debate on amending the law on local government, Romanian
media reported on 14-15 December. The UDMR senators objected to a
provision in the new law obligating members of national minorities to
submit a notarized translation in the Romanian language when they write
to local government authorities. The stipulation applies even in
localities where there is a majority of non-Romanian ethnics and where
local councils have no Romanian ethnic members. Two senators
representing the Party of Social Democracy in Romania claimed the UDMR
wished to bring about chaos in the country. When UDMR chairman Bela
Marko called the allegation a "chauvinist-nationalist instigation," he
was asked by the session's chairman to withdraw the remarks. In protest,
the UDMR walked out. -- Michael Shafir

MOLDOVAN PARLIAMENT APPROVES 1996 BUDGET. The Moldovan parliament
approved the law on the 1996 state budget by a vote of 66 to 12, Infotag
reported on 14 December. The budget provides for a deficit amounting to
3.4% of GDP. Finance Minister Valeriu Chitan told Infotag that it is
assumed that the annual rate of inflation will be 10% in 1996. --
Michael Shafir

BULGARIAN PRESIDENT GOES TO MADRID, PREMIER STAYS HOME. Zhelyu Zhelev
will fly to Spain on 15 December to attend the EU summit in Madrid,
while Zhan Videnov will stay in Sofia, Bulgarian newspapers reported.
Videnov was to have headed the Bulgarian delegation, which will submit
Bulgaria's application for full EU membership. On 14 December, the
cabinet decided that the government delegation will be led by Foreign
Minister Georgi Pirinski. Videnov's participation in the parliamentary
debate on the 1996 state budget was given as the official reason, but
the fact that Pirinski rather than Zhelev will submit the application is
widely seen as a deliberate affront to the president. Videnov and Zhelev
have repeatedly clashed on a number of issues. Their strained relations
are indicated by the fact that the two were scheduled to fly to Madrid
on separate planes, 24 chasa reported on 14 December. -- Stefan Krause

BULGARIA TO OPEN EMBASSY IN SARAJEVO. First Deputy Foreign Minister
Stefan Staykov on 14 December announced that the government has decided
to open an embassy in Sarajevo, Reuters reported the same day. The
embassy will temporarily be headed by an acting ambassador, Staykov
said. The government also decided to reopen Bulgaria's trade mission in
Belgrade. This decision comes in the wake of the lifting of UN sanctions
against rump Yugoslavia and a visit by Deputy Prime Minister and
Minister of Trade Kiril Tsochev to Belgrade (see OMRI Daily Digest, 12
December 1995). -- Stefan Krause

ALBANIAN PRESIDENT ON PARIS PEACE TREATY, KOSOVO. Sali Berisha has
praised the Paris peace treaty as an historic achievement, Reuters
reported on 14 December. But at the same time he noted that the
agreement "constitutes a call to the international community to solve .
. . the Kosovo issue, which is the sharpest and most important." The
Kosovo conflict is not mentioned in the peace accord, but the UN
security council will maintain an "outer wall" of sanctions until the
rump Yugoslavia addresses the Kosovo conflict and cooperates with the
War Crimes Tribunal. These sanctions include rump-Yugoslavia's admission
to international political and financial institutions. Berisha has
proposed direct talks between Belgrade and Kosovar shadow-state
President Ibrahim Rugova under mediation of the U.S. -- Fabian Schmidt

[As of 12:00 CET]

Compiled by Jan Cleave

The OMRI Daily Digest offers the latest news from the former Soviet
Union and East-Central and Southeastern Europe. It is published Monday
through Friday by the Open Media Research Institute. The OMRI Daily
Digest is distributed electronically via the OMRI-L list. To subscribe,
send "SUBSCRIBE OMRI-L YourFirstName YourLastName" (without the
quotation marks and inserting your name where shown) to
LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU
No subject line or other text should be included.
To receive the OMRI Daily Digest by mail or fax, please direct inquiries
to OMRI Publications, Na Strzi 63, 140 62 Prague 4, Czech Republic; or
electronically to OMRIPUB@OMRI.CZ
Tel.: (42-2) 6114 2114; fax: (42-2) 426 396

Please note that there is a new procedure for obtaining permission to
reprint or redistribute the OMRI Daily Digest. Before reprinting or
redistributing this publication, please write omripub@omri.cz for a copy
of the new policy or look at this URL:
http://www.omri.cz/Publications/Digests/DigestReprint.html

OMRI also publishes the biweekly journal Transition, which contains
expanded analysis of many of the topics in the Daily Digest. For
Transition subscription information send an e-mail to TRANSITION@OMRI.CZ

            Copyright (C) 1995 Open Media Research Institute, Inc.
                             All rights reserved. ISSN 1211-1570


   Greg Cole, Director
   Center for International Networking Initiatives
   The University of Tennessee System                Phone:  (423) 974-7277
   2000 Lake Avenue                                    FAX:  (423) 974-8022
   Knoxville, TN  37996                     Email:  gcole@solar.rtd.utk.edu
   

 
         

[English] [Russian TRANS | KOI8 | ALT | WIN | MAC | ISO5]

Домашняя страницаж ° Комментарии ° Книга гостей


©1996 "Друзья и Партнеры"
Наташа Булашова,Грег Коул
Updated: 1998-11-

Please write to us with your comments and suggestions.

F&P Quick Search
Основные разделы
Домашняя страница
Bulletin Board
Беседка
Листсервер Друзья и Партнеры

RFE/RL
1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
Поиск

Новости
Новости из России и СНГ
Новости о России и СНГ
Газеты и журналы
Прочие новости
Погода


©1996 Friends and Partners
Please write to us with any comments, questions or suggestions -- Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole