Самое трудное - познать самого себя, самое легкое - давать советы другим. - Фалес

No. 125, Part II, 28 June 1995

This is Part II of the Open Media Research Institute's Daily Digest.
Part II is a compilation of news concerning East-Central and
Southeastern Europe. Part I, covering Russia, Transcaucasia and Central
Asia, and the CIS, is distributed simultaneously as a second document.
Back issues of the Daily Digest, and other information about OMRI, are
available through OMRI's WWW pages: http://www.omri.cz/OMRI.html


gathered in the Crimean capital Simferopol on 27 June to bury two Tatars
who were killed on 25 June, allegedly in clashes with riot police,
international and Ukrainian agencies reported. The two died, and up to
10 others were injured, during a funeral procession. Tatar leaders said
men in OMON riot police uniforms opened fire on the procession on the
way to the town of Feodosia. The government has beefed up security on
the peninsula after several days of violence between Crimean Tatar
merchants and alleged criminal gangs, whom the Tatars say murdered two
of their compatriots on 23 June when they refused to pay protection
money. National guardsmen set up checkpoints around Simferopol and the
OMON patrolled the streets of six towns after hundreds of Tatars
rampaged through businesses they claim are owned and frequented by gang
members. Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma has ordered a government
inquiry into the violence. Tatar leaders have accused local authorities
of corruption and ties to organized crime. -- Chrystyna Lapychak, OMRI,

ESTONIA AMENDS LAW ON ALIENS. In an extraordinary session on 27 June,
the parliament amended the law on aliens giving the government four
months from 12 July to establish rules for accepting residence and work
permit applications from non-citizens, BNS reported. Opposition deputies
who wanted specific dates for a deadline and a clear idea on how the
government would handle future applications walked out of the session
before the vote. Aliens who submit applications before 12 July will be
given temporary residence permits for a maximum period of five years.
Those not applying by 12 July will lose their right to vote in the fall
local elections. -- Saulius Girnius, OMRI, Inc.

NATO'S SACEUR VISITS LITHUANIA. Supreme Allied Commander for Europe Gen.
George Joulwan arrived in Lithuania on 26 June for a three-day visit.
The following day he held talks with Lithuanian Defense Minister Linas
Linkevicius and visited the training base at Rukla, BNS reported. He
spoke favorably about Lithuania's participation in the Partnership for
Peace program and thanked the country for sending peacekeeping troops to
Croatia. On 28 June, Joulwan was scheduled to meet President Algirdas
Brazauskas, Prime Minister Adolfas Slezevicius, and inspect the
Lithuanian fleet at Klaipeda, from where he will travel to Latvia and
then later to Estonia. -- Saulius Girnius, OMRI, Inc.

BELARUSIANS ON REFERENDUM. The Independent Institute of Social-
Democratic and Political Research conducted an opinion poll among
leading political and economic officials in Belarus on how they believe
the 14 May referendum will effect the country by the end of the year,
Russian television reported on 27 June. The majority, 80%, think that
borders between Russia and Belarus will be liquidated, and 40% said that
privatization will be stopped and commercial banks will be nationalized.
Only seven percent felt there would be any political integration between
the two countries. Answers to what the general effects of the referendum
will be on Belarus included the polarization of society, further
deterioration of the economy, and growing dictatorship. -- Ustina
Markus, OMRI, Inc.

US DEFENSE SECRETARY IN POLAND. William Perry visited Poland on 27 and
28 June at the invitation of his Polish counterpart Zbigniew Okonski.
Perry said that Washington backed Poland's full NATO membership and US
President Bill Clinton would propose $100 million in the 1996 budget for
the Partnership for Peace program, of which Poland would get $25
million. "Poland is a key to stability in Central and Eastern Europe. .
. . NATO will expand its membership and Poland will be among the first
nations to join this expanded membership," Perry said. -- Jakub
Karpinski, OMRI, Inc.

POLISH PREMIER IN CANNES. Jozef Oleksy proposed at the EU summit in
Cannes on 27 June that a special summit be devoted to the admission of
East and Central European states, Polish and international media
reported. Polish plenipotentiary at the EU talks Jacek Saryusz-Wolski
said on 26 June that Poland hopes to join the EU by the year 2000 and
Poland's efforts to scrap barriers to EU goods should be reciprocated by
the EU countries. Treating Poland increasingly as a EU member should
involve recognizing Polish diplomas and dropping anti-dumping procedures
over Polish exports, according to Saryusz-Wolski. -- Jakub Karpinski,
OMRI, Inc.

chairman Milan Uhde, the time is not ripe to reform the Czech Republic's
regional administrative structure because there is no consensus in the
country on the issue, Lidove noviny reported on 27 June. However, Uhde
said, the problem should be discussed further. Uhde was reacting to the
failure of the parliament to institute a new regional structure; his own
ODS party was instrumental in blocking a draft law in parliament on 23
June, although deputies from the three other governing parties voted in
favor. President Vaclav Havel strongly criticized the parliament's
failure to create a new regional structure, which is stipulated in the
Constitution. -- Steve Kettle, OMRI, Inc.

KLAUS MIFFED AT MECIAR REBUFF. Slovak Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar on
27 June refused a meeting with his Czech counterpart Vaclav Klaus to
discuss problems in bilateral relations, Czech media report. The two
premiers talked briefly in Cannes, where they attended the EU summit.
Among topics Klaus wanted to discuss was the cancellation of the
clearing system of trade payments between the two countries; the Czech
parliament has already voted to abolish it. Instead of discussions at
prime ministerial or ministerial level, Meciar proposed a meeting of
ambassadors or government officials. Klaus termed Meciar's position
"uncalled for and unfortunate" and said it would not help Czech-Slovak
relations. -- Steve Kettle, OMRI, Inc.

SLOVAKIA SUBMITS EU APPLICATION. Premier Vladimir Meciar and Foreign
Minister Juraj Schenk formally submitted Slovakia's memorandum and
application for EU membership to French Foreign Minister Herve de
Charette during the EU summit in Cannes on 27 June. According to TASR,
the government's memorandum states that Slovakia aims to obtain full
membership by the year 2000. It also stresses that the "existence of
democratic institutions is guaranteed" by law and that the
"constitutional system is stabilized." Meciar has often called for
changes in the constitutional system and the resignation of President
Michal Kovac, but he lacks the three-fifths parliamentary majority
needed to change the constitution or remove the president. In May, the
parliament passed a non-binding vote of no-confidence in Kovac, which
opposition members claimed was unconstitutional. -- Sharon Fisher, OMRI,

SLOVAKIA GEARS UP FOR POPE'S VISIT. Pope John Paul II will arrive in
Slovakia on 30 June for a four-day visit, which will include the
canonization of three martyrs and meetings with political and church
leaders. According to Cardinal Jan Chryzostom Korec, restitution of
church property has been moving along smoothly since the law passed in
fall 1993, AFP reports. Archbishop Nikolaj, who heads Slovakia's
Orthodox church, will boycott a meeting between the pope and non-
Catholic churches scheduled for 1 July, TASR and Reuters reported on 27
June. In a letter to Dominik Hrusovsky, secretary general of the
Bishops' Conference, Nikolaj stressed that the Orthodox Church "is not a
Catholic religious community" and that relations between the Catholic
Church and his church are "not in order." A conflict between the
Orthodox and Greek Catholic churches has continued since 1950, when the
communists transferred Greek Catholic property to the Orthodox Church.
Although the pope is not expected to mediate in the long-running dispute
between Slovakia's premier and president, the bishops issued a statement
of hope that the pope's message of tolerance would contribute "at least
partially to reconciliation in a Slovak society polarized by the
conflict." -- Sharon Fisher, OMRI, Inc.

RAIL ACCIDENTS IN HUNGARY. International media report that seven people
died on 27 June in two separate rail accidents in Hungary. Six people
died and five others were injured when a bus and a train collided near
Nyul, west of Budapest. All the victims were bus passengers. Hungary's
state railway officials are investigating the cause of the accident. A
second collision, involving a train and a van, took place in Barcs near
the Croatian border. MTI reports that the van driver was killed and one
passenger seriously injured when the van failed to heed a warning
signal. -- Jiri Pehe, OMRI, Inc.


KARADZIC REJECTS TRUCE. Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic, responding
to European Union calls for a negotiated temporary four-month truce,
rejected the idea outright on 27 June. Karadzic, speaking to the Bosnian
Serb news agency SRNA, observed that "temporary ceasefires . . . have
been misused by our enemies for regrouping and for the further obtaining
of weapons." He said also that he wanted a permanent end to fighting,
and hinted that a meeting with EU mediator Carl Bildt could be only days
away. Meanwhile, on 27 June Reuters reported that Bosnian Serb military
leader General Ratko Mladic has threatened that his Serb forces will
continue to fight, and hinted that they are prepared for a protracted
military involvement. -- Stan Markotich, OMRI, Inc.

BOSNIAN CRISIS DEEPENS. International media report on 27 and 28 June
that there are few signs that fighting throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina
will abate. On 27 June, the Croatian news agency Hina reported that
Bosnian Serbs launched cannon attacks on civilian targets throughout
northeastern Bosnia. Bosnian Serb forces also launched infantry attacks
against several Bosnian army defense lines, but were reportedly
repelled. Meanwhile, shelling and sniping continues in and around
Sarajevo, where at least two were killed and 15 injured on 27 June. --
Stan Markotich, OMRI, Inc.

Minister Muhamed Sacirbey on 27 June said that the Bosnian government
would be prepared to accept the departure of the UN mission in Bosnia
and Herzegovina, although he stressed that his government was not
seeking such an eventuality. Reuters reported that he also observed that
Western hints of a withdrawal could be met or compensated for by ending
the UN arms embargo against Bosnia and Herzegovina. -- Stan Markotich,
OMRI, Inc.

TUDJMAN'S WELLINGTON PRESS CONFERENCE. Vecernji list on 28 June reports
on Croatian President Franjo Tudjman's continuing overseas visit.
Tudjman met with New Zealand's Premier James Bolger and other high-
ranking officials on 27 June and later gave a press conference which
dealt extensively with conditions in Croatia and throughout the former
Yugoslavia. Tudjman said that Croatian military forces were not planning
to launch offensives against rebel Serbs occupying parts of Croatia
often referred to as Krajina unless provoked into action by Serbian
extremists. Hina coverage of the press conference observed that Tudjman
stressed that Croatia would not "agree to an extension of the UN
peacekeeping mandate if it failed to produce any results in solving the
problem of occupied territories and their reintegration into the
constitutional and legal system of Croatia." -- Stan Markotich, OMRI,

ILIESCU AT CANNES. Romanian President Ion Iliescu on 27 June attended
the European Union summit in Cannes, where he was to present Romania's
recently completed "national strategy" for joining the EU. He told Radio
Bucharest that the strategy is supported by all parliamentary parties.
On the same day, Iliescu met with Hungarian Prime Minister Gyula Horn.
In a statement after the meeting, he described the talks as "positive
and constructive," and said relations between the two countries were
better than they were occasionally perceived in the West. Iliescu
stressed that the two sides were seeking a solution to the problems
posed by the drafting of a new basic bilateral treaty. According to
Radio Bucharest, the foreign ministers of the two countries will meet in
the first half of July to discuss the treaty issue. --Dan Ionescu, OMRI,

SHUMEIKO ENDS ROMANIAN VISIT. Chairman of the Russian Federation Council
Vladimir Shumeiko on 27 June said that NATO should be abolished.
Speaking at the end of a two-day visit to Romania, he expressed doubts
about what he called NATO's pacifist character and said the treaty's
expansion was contrary to Russia's interests. In earlier statements,
Shumeiko tackled the issue of the basic treaty between Romania and
Russia. He said negotiations were "practically finalized," the only
problem remaining being Romania's insistence on having the Ribbentrop-
Molotov pact denounced in a preamble to the treaty. He suggested that it
was "unwise" to "dig up the past" rather than "live for the sake of
today and tomorrow." On 26 June, Shumeiko also met President Ion
Iliescu, Chairman of the Chamber of Deputies Adrian Nastase, and Foreign
Minister Teodor Melescanu with whom he discussed the two countries'
relations with Moldova and NATO expansion eastwards. -- Michael Shafir
and Dan Ionescu, OMRI, Inc.

Assembly of the Council of Europe on 27 June unanimously approved
Moldova's application for joining the council, Moldovan media reported.
The Republic of Moldova will formally become the organization's 35th
member only after the CE Council of Ministers ratifies the assembly's
vote. This is expected to take place in mid-July. Moldova, which gained
the status of a "special guest" in February 1993, would thus be the
first state from the Commonwealth of Independent States to be admitted
to the CE as a full member. -- Dan Ionescu, OMRI, Inc.

Pavel Creanga on 27 June ruled out the possibility of having Russian
military bases in Moldova, Reuters reported. Creanga's statement came in
response to a request made by his Russian counterpart Pavel Grachev at
the end of a two-day visit to Moldova. Grachev said he wanted some
Russian troops to remain in the breakaway Dniester region to help keep
peace there. But Creanga told him that Moldova's constitution does not
allow any foreign troops to be stationed in the republic. On 26 June
Grachev said in Tiraspol that Russia would like to have a military base
with some 3,500 servicemen in that region. Moldova and Russia in October
1994 initialed an agreement on the withdrawal of the 14th Russian Army
from eastern Moldova within a three-year period following the accord's
ratification. -- Dan Ionescu, OMRI, Inc.

protesters gathered in Sofia on 27 June to demand the resignation of the
Socialist-led government, international agencies reported the same day.
They accused Prime Minister Zhan Videnov and his cabinet of failing to
halt falling standards of living and of resorting to Communist-era
methods of running the country. The demonstrators demanded that the
government stop taxing social benefits, lift restrictions on wage
increases in the public sector, freeze energy prices, and change its
method of measuring inflation. It was the first rally uniting supporters
of the two largest trade unions, Podkrepa and the Confederation of
Independent Trade Unions in Bulgaria (KNSB). KNSB Chairman Krastyo
Petkov said the rally "shows that people with different political views
disapprove of government policy." Social Minister Mincho Koralski
dismissed the unions' demands as hysteria. -- Stefan Krause, OMRI, Inc.

AMOCO TO ENTER BULGARIAN MARKET. Amoco corporation on 26 June announced
plans to invest $50 million in Bulgaria over the next decade,
international agencies reported the following day. Amoco plans to build
50 gasoline stations in the country as part of its expansion program for
Eastern Europe. The managing director of the company's Bulgarian Branch,
Norman Benson, said Bulgaria "is one of the key countries in the
company's strategy in Eastern Europe," adding that Amoco will watch for
possible investment opportunities if the country's state-owned petroleum
refining and distributing industry is privatized. -- Stefan Krause,
OMRI, Inc.

Chirac on 27 June strongly criticized Greek policy towards Macedonia,
calling it "a to-do over flags," Reuters reported the same day. Speaking
at a concluding news conference of the EU summit in Cannes, Chirac said
Greece stood alone against the other 14 EU members in refusing to lift
its embargo on Macedonia. The French president said the Greek embargo
threatened Macedonia's existence, deprived it of EU aid and kept it out
of the OSCE security framework. -- Stefan Krause, OMRI, Inc.

reported on 27 June that Ramadan Mucolli was arrested in Pristina by
Serbian police. A statement by the Democratic League of Kosovo, an
ethnic Albanian party, said that Mucolli's flat was searched and his
tape recorder and passport were confiscated. According to the statement,
Mucolli worked for Radio Pristina until he was fired five years ago, and
since then has filed reports for Albanian media, including Tirana radio
and television. There was no confirmation of the arrest from Serb
police. -- Stefan Krause, OMRI, Inc.

engineering exercise involving U.S. and Albanian forces will be held in
Tirana from 1 July to 16 September, the Pentagon announced on 27 June.
Named "Uje Kristal 95", the exercise will be the first of its kind in
the area. Active duty and reserve American engineers will work with
their Albanian counterparts at a trauma hospital to improve its
sanitation and emergency operation infrastructure. -- Doug Clarke, OMRI,

[As of 12:00 CET]

Compiled by Steve Kettle

The OMRI Daily Digest offers the latest news from the former Soviet
Union and East-Central and Southeastern Europe. It is published Monday
through Friday by the Open Media Research Institute. The OMRI Daily
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OMRI also publishes the biweekly journal Transition, which contains
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            Copyright (C) 1995 Open Media Research Institute, Inc.
                             All rights reserved.

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