|You see things and you say 'Why?' But I dream thing that never were; and I say, 'Why not?'. - Geroge Bernard Shaw|
RFE/RL DAILY REPORT
NO. 222, 23 NOVEMBER 1994
NOTICE TO READERS: The Daily Report will not appear on 24 and 25 November. RUSSIA KOZYREV CAUTIOUS ON BOSNIAN AIRSTRIKES. According to Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev, Russia has profound reservations about the 21 November UN-backed NATO airstrike on a Krajina Serb airfield, Reuters reported on 22 November. The strike, prompted by rebel Krajina Serb air attacks on targets in northwestern Bosnia, was initially supported by Moscow. Kozyrev reportedly said that NATO airstrikes should not become a common occurrence and that in future such actions could prompt a withdrawal of Russian peacekeepers from Bosnia. He added: "We were assured that the strike was a preventative action and not a punishment. Let us hope it was really so." Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. INGUSH ACCUSE MOSCOW OF BIAS. On Russian Radio on 22 November Ingush President Ruslan Aushev accused the Russian Federal Counterintelligence Service of giving President Boris Yeltsin misleading information on the basis of which decisions were made favoring North Ossetia. The same day Ingushetia's Presidential Council denounced the performance of the Provisional Administration for North Ossetia and Ingushetia--the body instituted by Moscow in 1992 to administer the state of emergency in the area--for its pro-Ossetian bias and failure to repatriate the Ingush population expelled from Prigorodnyi Raion in North Ossetia. In accompanying statements, Aushev and the Council of Social Organizations called for the replacement of Provisional Administration head Vladimir Lozovoi because of his partiality, and for the administration to be moved from North Ossetia's capital Vladikavkaz to Prigorodnyi Raion. Aushev further called on Yeltsin to put an end to the violation of the rights of the Ingush as Russian Federation citizens. Human rights campaigner Elena Bonner, heading a delegation of the Andrei Sakharov Fund, arrived in Ingushetia's capital Nazran on 19 November to investigate human rights and refugees problems. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. NEW FIGURES ON RUSSIAN-SOVIET DEBT. According to a Finance Ministry document circulated at a closed session of the State Duma cited by Reuters, the debts of the former Soviet Union totaled $112.7 billion at the start of 1994, much higher than previously believed. Soviet debts stood at $103.94 billion and Russian debts at $8.84 billion. Germany was the USSR's largest creditor, owed $15.9 billion. Russia assumed responsibility for repaying the debts of the former USSR when the latter collapsed, but it has had to seek rescheduling deals to give it extra time to pay. Penny Morvant, RFE/RL, Inc. "MOST" TO FINANCE YABLOKO? The powerful financial group "Most" will back the tandem of Moscow Mayor Yurii Luzhkov and Yabloko leader Grigorii Yavlinsky against the Yeltsin-Chernomyrdin team, Rossiiskaya gazeta reported on 20 November. "Most," an official banking and credit institution of the Moscow government, is not only active in the financial and construction sectors but also controls the national newspaper Segodnya, the commercial television channel NTV, the radio station Ekho Moskvy, and several other mass media organizations. To promote its candidates, "Most" has organized a campaign group headed by Obshchaya gazeta chief editor Egor Yakovlev. The financial group's analytical department employs several senior former KGB officers, including former Deputy Chairman of the KGB Fillip Bobkov. Bobkov was responsible for the KGB's ideological counterintelligence, which monitored public and informal organizations, and is reputed to be very well informed about the former Soviet intelligentsia. Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. DUMA DEBATES NEW ELECTION LEGISLATION. The Duma must adopt a new election law before the end of the constitutional moratorium on disbanding the Duma, which runs out on 12 December, Duma First Deputy Chairman Mikhail Mityukov told ITAR-TASS on 21 November. (The current constitution, adopted on 12 December 1993, forbids the Russian president to disband the parliament or to call new elections for one year.) Alternative legislative packages were introduced by the presidential administration, Duma committees, and Yavlinsky, Nezavisimaya gazeta reported on 19 November. The draft laws deal with referenda, presidential elections, and parliamentary elections. Yavlinsky's draft includes an upper age limit for the president, which would exclude Yeltsin. The number of competing bills could mean that none are adopted by the deadline. In this event, new elections would be conducted according to a presidential decree. Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. ESTONIAN-RUSSIAN BORDER DISPUTE UPDATE. Yeltsin, accompanied by Russian Border Guard head Colonel General Andrei Nikolaev, will inspect the Estonian-Russian border during his one-day visit to Pskov on 23 November, Interfax reported. Yeltsin ordered the start of unilateral marking of the border along the temporary control line with Estonia in June. Most work so far has been done in southeastern Estonia, where by the end of last week Russian border guards had erected 523 border posts and 1,830 meters of barbed-wire fences. Estonia has objected to the work, insisting that the border with Russia run according to the Tartu Peace Treaty of 1920, under which parts of Pskov Oblast belonged to Estonia. Moscow maintains that the Tartu Peace Treaty is no longer valid. Vello Saatpalu, chairman of the Estonian parliament's foreign affairs commission, told Interfax on 21 November that Estonia should give up its territorial claims on Russia. But he added that he hoped Russia would amend the border in the southeastern sector in accordance with the needs of the Setu nationality there. Saatpalu said: "What we need are only local exchanges of small amounts of territory." Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. TERRITORIAL DISPUTE NO OBSTACLE TO ESTONIAN-RUSSIAN TRADE. Economic links between Pskov Oblast and adjacent areas of Estonia are developing despite the border dispute, according to Vladislav Tumanov, the head of the Pskov Oblast administration. Tumanov told BNS and RIA on 22 November that Estonian businessmen were especially interested in forging better ties with the Pskov region. Last week the Pskov administration reached an agreement with the Estonian Tourist Board on the reestablishment of tourism between Pskov and Estonia. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. JAPANESE MILITARY DELEGATION IN MOSCOW. A visiting Japanese military delegation held talks with their Russian counterparts on 22 November in Moscow. Interfax reported that the talks dealt with the problems of strategic stability in Asia and the Pacific as well as the prospects for broader contacts between the armed forces of the two countries. Lieutenant General Vladimir Zhurbenko, who headed the Russian delegation, said that a possible visit to Russia by the head of the Japanese Defense Agency had also been discussed. Russia's failure to return to Japan four islands in the southern Kuril chain seized at the end of World War II has impeded Russo-Japanese relations. Russian First Deputy Prime Minister Oleg Soskovets--who is to visit Japan soon--told the Japanese ambassador in Moscow the same day that Russia was ready to discuss the problem of the islands but that the issue would not be on the agenda for his visit. Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. POSSIBLE SPACE LAUNCH SITE IN SOUTH AMERICA. Anatolii Kiselev, the general director of Russia's Khrunichev space research and production center, told Interfax on 22 November that the French aerospace company Aerospatiale had agreed in principle to Khrunichev's plan to build a space launching site at Kourou, French Guyana. Aerospatiale builds the Arian-4 boosters that are used to launch some 60 percent of the world's commercial satellites and launches them from this South American facility. Khrunichev would build a launching pad for its Proton-M rocket alongside the French facilities and share much of their infrastructure. Kiselev stressed that the project still needed more preparation as well as the support of all governments concerned--including the United States. Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. AMERICAN JET ENGINE MAKER IN RUSSIAN JOINT VENTURE. Interfax reported on 22 November that the US Pratt & Whitney company had signed an agreement the previous day to set up a joint venture to build jet aircraft engines in Perm in cooperation with Aviadvigatel and Perm Motors. Pratt & Whitney's parent organization--United Technologies--said it was planning to invest $150 million in the Russian economy, and the report speculated that it would all go into this project. The engines would be used in the new generation of Ilyushin and Tupolev airliners. Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA KAZAKHSTAN'S REFORMS IN TROUBLE. At a press conference on 21 November, Kazakhstan's Minister of Justice Nagashbai Shaikenov circulated a statement asserting that the opponents of political and economic reform in the country had united to slow the pace of change and naming President Nursultan Nazarbaev's adviser Kairbek Suleimenov as the coordinator of resistance to reform of the judicial system, Russian news agencies reported on 22 November. According to Shaikenov, Suleimenov recently ordered judicial and law-enforcement officials to revise a program for judicial reform that had already been approved by the president. An Interfax report on Shaikenov's charges noted that Nazarbaev entrusted Suleimenov with many complex issues, including dealing with interethnic relations. It was Suleimenov who met with Cossack representatives (see Daily Report for 22 November) and rejected their request for a presidential commission on Cossack affairs. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. URANIUM FROM KAZAKHSTAN TAKEN TO US. US news agencies reported on 23 November that a large quantity of weapons-grade uranium that had been stored at Ust-Kamenogorsk had been shipped to the US in the last month with the agreement of the government of Kazakhstan. According to The Washington Post, this is the first time that such material has been collected by the US from a part of the former USSR for reprocessing. The uranium from Kazakhstan is to become fuel for nuclear power plants. The reports did not disclose the price paid for the uranium; one of the sticking points for Kazakhstan in agreeing to give up the nuclear weapons it inherited following the disintegration of the USSR has been its desire to retain the enriched uranium contained in the weapons. Reports that Iran has tried to buy weapons-grade uranium from Kazakhstan have surfaced repeatedly since the latter gained independence, intensifying Western concern about Kazakhstan's uranium. According to the Los Angeles Times, earlier in the year Kazakhstani leaders asked for US help in disposing of the material stored at Ust-Kamenogorsk. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. CIS PEACEKEEPING: RUSSIA VERSUS CSCE. In preparatory negotiations in Budapest for the CSCE's upcoming summit there, Russian delegates have rejected successive drafts of documents that would give the CSCE a substantive role in peacekeeping operations in the newly independent states, RFE/RL's correspondent reported on 21 November. In negotiations focusing on Karabakh, the Russian side has insisted on using only Russian and a few token CIS units for peacekeeping under nominal CSCE auspices, whereas most other delegations favor an international force, including Russian units, under effective CSCE control. European diplomats were quoted as saying they believed Russia was stalling, awaiting the outcome of talks in Moscow, Washington, and at NATO headquarters on a new European security concept. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. BLESSED ARE THE PEACEKEEPERS. Russian troops acting as CIS peacekeepers in Tajikistan inaugurated on 20 November a Russian Orthodox church building on a tank base, ITAR-TASS reported on 20 November. Termed a "campaign church" and dedicated to St. George the Victorious (a Tsarist military symbol), the church was inaugurated with a service celebrated by Archbishop Vladimir of Central Asia and Dushanbe. Colonel General Valerii Patrikeev, commander in chief of CIS peacekeeping forces in Tajikistan, told the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung of 19 November that "we regard Tajikistan's southern border not only as a Tajik-Afghan border but as the border of Russia." Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE BIHAC FIGHTING CONTINUES TO RAGE. International media report that fighting in Bihac, in northwestern Bosnia, continues to rage. According to the Croatian agency Hina on 22 November, Serbian forces and Muslims loyal to the rebel leader Fikret Abdic intensified their attacks on several areas, including the town of Velika Kladusa, Abdic's former stronghold and headquarters. Reuters reported the same day that a Serbian helicopter fired rockets at the town of Gata Ilidza, in northwestern Bosnia, during the night of 21 November. According to Sarajevo Radio on 22 November, the town of Bihac was under fierce attack and was being "destroyed." Meanwhile, Borba on 23 November reports that Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic, in what appears to be a show of Bosnian Serb resolve to press ahead with the hostilities, wrote in a letter to UNPROFOR that the recent NATO bombing of the Udbina airfield in the rebel Serb-occupied region of Croatia known as Krajina is likely to intensify the fighting. In the largest military operation in its history, NATO on 21 November launched an air strike against the Udbina airfield. The next day, UN officials warned advancing Serbian forces not to enter the Bihac safe area, saying such a move could trigger renewed NATO air strikes. Finally, the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo was relatively calm on 22 November, but UNPROFOR personnel remained on yellow alert. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. BOSNIAN MUSLIM SENTENCED FOR WAR CRIMES. International agencies on 22 November reported that Refic Saric, a Bosnian Muslim, was sentenced to eight years in prison for war crimes committed while serving as a guard in a Croat-run prison camp in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1993. Saric, standing trial in a Danish court, was convicted on fourteen counts of gross violence and for torturing prisoners to such an extent that some died of their injuries. The Danish court ruling is the first in a lengthy series of war crimes trials to be adjudicated outside the former Yugoslavia. In other news, Reuters on 22 November reported that Dusko and Vojin Vuckovic, two Serbian brothers, were brought before a rump Yugoslav court the same day on charges of committing war crimes, including murder and rape. This is the first war crimes trial to be held in rump Yugoslavia. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. POLAND DISAPPOINTED WITH EU POLICY. Polish ambassador to the European Union Jan Kolakowski on 22 November said his government was worried about the union's reluctance to invite East Central European countries to it summit meeting in Essen in December. He noted his government had been told that German Chancellor Helmut Kohl initially intended to invite those countries but might have changed his mind in the face of opposition from other EU states--particularly France, which plans to organize a EU summit meeting next June in Cannes. The acceptance of France's plans could lead to the postponement of the Essen meeting. Whether or not the East Central Europeans will be invited to the Cannes meeting is still uncertain. Kolakowski's remarks were made during a press conference on EU policy toward East Central European countries. According to Gazeta Wyborcza on 23 November, Poland is disappointed by that policy, which it sees as limited to agreements on formal meetings between various officials rather than the long-advocated liberalization of trade between the EU and East Central Europe. Jan de Weydenthal, RFE/RL, Inc. AFRICAN AMBASSADOR TO POLAND "LIVES AMONG PAUPERS." According to Rzeczpospolita on 23 November, Zaire's ambassador to Poland was recently robbed at a Warsaw railroad station, where he was forced to spend the night among paupers, beggars, and winos. The newspaper said the government in Kinshasa stopped funding its embassy more than a year ago and apparently expressed a lack of interest in its ambassador when challenged by the Polish government. The ambassador was apparently turned out of his apartment because he had not paid the rent and had been forced to sell both his car and clothes. The newspaper added that he was continuing to work in the embassy during the day, however. Jan de Weydenthal, RFE/RL, Inc. DIFFERENCES IN CZECH, RUSSIAN SECURITY VIEWS. Vladimir Lukin, chairman of the Russian State Duma's Foreign Affairs Committee, told journalists in Prague on 22 November that Russia and the Czech Republic hold different views on European security issues. Lukin was speaking at a press conference after his meeting with Czech Foreign Minister Josef Zieleniec. Lukin commented that the Czech Republic would like to join NATO without considering the broader consequences. Broader forms of European cooperation and security should be sought that could include Czechs, Slovaks, Ukrainians, Russians, Germans, and the French, he proposed. Lukin said both sides agreed to continue holding talks on security issues. Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. FINAL RESULTS OF CZECH LOCAL ELECTIONS. Associations of independent candidates and independent candidates running individually won 39.1 percent and 10.6 percent of seats in municipal councils, respectively, in the Czech local elections held on 18 and 19 November, CTK reported on 22 November. The Christian and Democratic Union won 12.4 percent of the mandates and the Civic Democratic Party of Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus placed third, with 11 percent. The CDP won the largest share of the popular vote of all political parties--28.7 percent. The Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia placed second, with 13.4 percent, followed by the Social Democrats (8.1 percent). A total of 62.3 percent of the Czech electorate participated in the elections. Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. POLITICAL SQUABBLING CONTINUES IN SLOVAKIA. A five-member commission set up by the parliament's Mandate and Immunity Committee ruled on 22 November that the Democratic Union did not have the 10,000 signatures required to participate in this fall's parliamentary elections. The commission, established at the initiative of the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, is composed of four MDS members and one member of the Slovak National Party, the MDS's ally. The MDS had previously asked the Constitutional Court to rule on the matter, hoping to have the DU deputies removed from the parliament, but the court rejected its complaint on 27 October. Association of Slovak Workers member Miroslav Kocnar, who chairs the Mandate and Immunity Committee, said the DU deputies will not be removed; rather, the goal of the commission was to give the MDS "moral satisfaction." DU Chairman and outgoing Premier Jozef Moravcik criticized the commission's findings, calling them an effort to discredit not only the DU but also its voters, TASR reports. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNGARIAN NATIONAL BANK CHIEF RESIGNS. President of the Hungarian National Bank Akos Peter Bod has resigned as of 14 December because of political tensions between him and the ruling Hungarian Socialist Party. Bod was appointed under the previous administration for six years. Hungarian Prime Minister Gyula Horn has accepted his resignation. Bod is to become Hungary's executive president of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development effective 1 January 1995. Judith Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNGARY INTRODUCES NATIONWIDE CLEARING SYSTEM. A nationwide clearing system connecting all Hungarian banks was installed on 18 November, Magyar Hirlap reports. The system allows money to be transferred immediately; such transfers have until now taken up to ten days. The system--the largest in Hungary and the first of its kind in Eastern Europe--was installed after several delays. Judith Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc. NEWSPRINT CRISIS IN ROMANIA. Prime Minister Nicolae Vacaroiu, meeting with the directors and editors in chief of the country's main dailies on 22 November, promised to take measures to solve the country's newsprint crisis. Romania's only producer of newsprint, the state-owned Letea company, announced a few days earlier that it can no longer provide supplies. The announcement aroused suspicion among editors that the government was attempting to silence criticism of its policies and use the crisis to introduce backdoor censorship. Vacaroiu said custom duties on newsprint would be temporarily reduced if Letea proved unable to make deliveries. Earlier on 22 November, Ion Cristoiu, editor in chief of the country's leading daily, Evenimentul zilei, told RFE/RL's correspondent in Bucharest that his paper would have to triple its newsstand price if it had to use newsprint from abroad. Vacaroiu also said the government wanted to improve the state-owned distribution system and was willing to offer guarantees for importing equipment and setting up new printing presses with private capital. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIAN PYRAMID SCHEME OWNER STILL IN CUSTODY. A court of justice on 22 November refused to release the owner of the failed Caritas investment scheme, which depleted the savings of hundreds of thousands of Romanians, Reuters reported. Ion Stoica, the owner of the scheme, has been detained for three months after he failed to pay the investors back. The Bucharest district court approved a prosecution request to keep Stoica in custody. He faces up to seven years in jail on charges of inaccurate accounting, falsifying bankruptcy, forgery, and fraud. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. BULGARIAN COURT LIMITS PARTIES' MEDIA ACCESS. RFE/RL's Bulgarian Service on 22 November reported that Bulgaria's Supreme Court has upheld a ruling by the Central Election Commission effectively limiting radio and television air time during the current election campaign to three parties--the Bulgarian Socialist Party, the Union of Democratic Forces, and the Turkish Minority Rights and Freedom Party. The Central Election Commission held that only those parties that had parliamentary representation after the 1991 elections--meaning only those named above--would be granted access to the national media for campaigning purposes. At least 49 parties will vie for seats in the elections, scheduled for 18 December. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT MEETS CLINTON. Leonid Kuchma signed two agreements with his US counterpart, Bill Clinton, on 22 November following talks in the White House, international agencies report. One accord was on US-Ukrainian relations and the other on space cooperation. US Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown signed an agreement with Ukrainian Minister of Foreign Economic Affairs Serhii Osyka on trade and investment protection. Clinton also offered an additional $200 million in aid to Ukraine. The first $100 million would be a "no strings attached" grant for importing food and fuel; the other $100 million is to be used for privatization, small businesses, and student exchanges. US aid to Ukraine now totals $900 million, making Ukraine the US's fourth largest aid recipient, after Israel, Egypt, and Russia. Kuchma warned Clinton against moving too quickly to expand NATO, saying this risked antagonizing Russia and, in such an event, Ukraine would likely become a border country in a new cold war. The warm reception Kuchma received contrasts markedly with his treatment when he visited the US as prime minister in early 1993. Clinton had refused to meet with him during that visit, which took place before Ukraine ratified the START-1 agreement. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. ENERGY CRISIS IN BELARUS. In an interview with Belarusian Radio on 22 November, Deputy Prime Minister Valeryi Kokarau gave details of the republic's negotiations with its Russian gas supplier, Gazprom. According to Kokarau, Gazprom cut its gas deliveries to Belarus by half on 17 November owing to payment arrears. Talks began immediately in Moscow on the resumption of deliveries, and on 18 November gas supplies began to be increased. Normal levels were reached by 21 November. Gazprom's conditions for the resumption of supplies were that Belarus regularly make full payments on any gas it receives and that a schedule be drawn up for paying off its $460 million debt. Kokarau said the debt may have to be paid off partly by foreign credits. He also noted that if Belarus can pay off its entire debt, it may receive gas in 1995 for 1994 prices--$50 per 1,000 cubic meters (the world price is $80). The republic needs some 16 billion cubic meters of gas each year. As for oil, Kokarau said Belarus would have to negotiate the price with Russia's 10 oil companies. At the moment the republic is paying $74-75 per ton (the world price stands at $110). It needs a minimum of 10 million tons of oil annually. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. MOLDOVAN CALL FOR WESTERN PEACEKEEPING ROLE. Addressing the North Atlantic Assembly's annual session in Washington and in meetings with US Vice President Al Gore and State Department and Pentagon officials, Moldovan Parliament Deputy Chairman Nicolae Andronic called for Western participation in the peacekeeping operation in Moldova. Russia is withdrawing most of its peacekeeping contingent from Moldova, claiming that it can no longer meet the costs of the operation and that the region is stable. The vacuum is being filled by Transdniester forces, which the Russian side permitted to establish positions in the disengagement zone, in violation of the armistice convention. Andronic also appealed for Western assistance in obtaining the withdrawal of Russia's 14th Army (which is separate from the peacekeeping contingent) from Moldova and in monitoring the withdrawal once it gets under way. The Russian-Moldovan agreement on the withdrawal, though signed, will not enter into force and remains nonbinding until the Russian government finally approves it. Moscow, however, is withholding its approval. Andronic also reaffirmed that Moldova refuses to be represented internationally by any supranational or coordinating body of the CIS. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. DANISH FOREIGN MINISTER IN LITHUANIA. At a press conference on 22 November, Niels Helveg Petersen urged Lithuania and Russia to sign a military transit agreement that would increase stability in the Baltic region, Radio Lithuania reports. Petersen said such an agreement would not harm Lithuania's chances of joining Western institutions. He suggested that Denmark was not in favor of a quick expansion of NATO but preferred to see "suitable preparation" through the Partnership for Peace program. Petersen said the Baltic States might be able to become full members of the European Union around 2000. He then traveled to Kaunas, where he gave a speech on Lithuania and the EU at the Kaunas Technological University. The previous day, he held meetings with President Algirdas Brazauskas, Foreign Minister Povilas Gylys, and Defense Minister Linas Linkevicius. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. LITHUANIAN PARLIAMENT CHAIRMAN IN GERMANY. A Lithuanian parliament delegation, headed by chairman Ceslovas Jursenas, arrived in Wiesbaden on 21 November. Jursenas gave a speech on "Lithuania's Integration into European Economic and Security Structures" at the biannual "European Week" conference, which is devoted to possible problems arising from the membership of Central and East European states in the European Union. The delegation also participated in the opening ceremonies of the "Lithuanian Culture Days" in Hessen. Jursenas on 22 November addressed a session of the Hessen parliament and held talks with its deputies and business representatives, Radio Lithuania reports. The delegation also visited the only Lithuanian-language high school in the West, located in the town of Huttenfeld, before returning to Lithuania on 23 November. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. THIRD LATVIAN DEPUTY ACQUITTED OF KGB CHARGES. The Jurmala City Court on 22 November found Saeima deputy Roberts Milbergs not guilty of having collaborated with the KGB. The court said the evidence against Milbergs provided by former KGB employees could have been forged. In addition, the person who allegedly recruited Milbergs to serve as an informer is now dead, making it impossible to verify the accusation. It is unclear whether Prosecutor Peteris Dzalbe will appeal the verdict, Baltic media reported. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] (Compiled by Penny Morvant and Jan Cleave) The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU Inquiries about specific news items should be directed as follows (please include your full postal address when inquiring about subscriptions): Mr. Brian Reed RFE/RL, Inc. 1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 Fax: (202) 457-6992 Internet: REEDB@RFERL.ORG Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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