|Healthy children will not fear life if their elders have integrity enough not to fear death. - Erick Erikson|
No. 220, 21 November 1994
RUSSIA GRACHEV DEFENDS MILITARY . . . Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev told the State Duma on 18 November that the country's armed forces were ready and able to counter any likely aggressor. As reported by Interfax, he rejected the idea that the armed forces were on the verge of collapse by pointing to their recent achievements--the massive redeployments from Eastern Europe and the Baltic; the peacekeeping missions involving more than 20,000 servicemen; the new mobile forces that could be quickly deployed to any part of the globe; and the new air and space defense system. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. . . . BUT WARNS OF TROUBLE AHEAD. At the same time, Grachev warned that the armed forces and the national security of the state were facing "a real and palpable threat." Unless there was more respect for the military, increased and more reliable funding, better staffing, and better equipment soon, he said, there would be "an irreversible loss of combat ability, a real disintegration" of the armed forces. Grachev said that the proposed 45 billion ruble military budget for 1995 was only one-third of the armed forces' minimum requirement. The Defense Ministry, he reported, was more than 8 trillion rubles in debt. Without better financing, 90 percent of the military's equipment would be obsolete by the year 2000. Grachev also spoke of the impact of the loss of spiritual and moral values in the country. The majority of recruits were less educated and in poorer health than in the past and had "not the slightest devotion to ideas of patriotism or military duty." They were also more inclined to cruelty and violence, resulting in a 25 percent increase in serious crimes within the military. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. GRACHEV WINS THE DAY IN DUMA. Grachev easily survived the Duma hearing after the chairman of the military committee, Sergei Yushenkov, failed to muster a majority on the committee to turn the hearing into an assessment of Grachev's fitness for his office, let alone to recommend his dismissal outright. Grachev, for his part, reiterated his determination to stay in office, linked his fate to that of the military, and attacked media treatment of the issue of military corruption as a "political provocation" aimed at undermining the armed forces and the authority of the Russian state. He even compared today's criticism of the armed forces to past persecution of Jews: "Once we had the doctors' affair, now it's the generals' affair. Beat the generals, save Russia." Although dependent on President Boris Yeltsin's continued support (of which he has declared himself confident), Grachev portrayed the president's official goal of reducing military manpower to 1.5 million and creating a professional army as fiscally unrealistic and militarily incompatible with Russia's security needs. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. DUDAEV ACCUSES RUSSIA AFTER NEW MILITARY DEFEAT. On 18 November, forces of the opposition Provisional Council backed by tanks, armored vehicles, and helicopters attacked and defeated Chechen government troops in the village of Bratskoe on the border between Chechnya and Russia, Russian agencies reported. Ten government troops were killed, according to Interfax. In an interview with Interfax on 19 November, President Dzhokhar Dudaev accused Russia of masterminding the attack, which he termed "the beginning of the second Russian-Caucasian war," and called on the world community to halt the killing of innocent civilians in Chechnya. -- Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. DUMA VOTES FOR LAW ON FSK. The State Duma has passed at the first reading a bill on the federal counterintelligence organs submitted by the presidential administration and the director of the Federal Counterintelligence Service (FSK), Sergei Stepashin, agencies reported on 18 November. The bill substantially increases the role of the FSK, including the use of eavesdropping and secret informers; it also restores the investigative branch of the state security organs, which was abolished after the disbanding of the Ministry of Security in December 1993. Earlier, the Duma's democratic factions stated they would vote against the bill, but their position changed after Vladimir Zhirinovsky called the FSK "an affiliation of the CIA" and Stepashin "an agent" of the Israeli foreign intelligence service Mossad. Stepashin said he would sue Zhirinovsky. The leader of the democratic faction Yabloko, Grigorii Yavlinsky, and the speaker of the Duma, Ivan Rybkin, apologized to the FSK for Zhirinovsky's outburst and proposed that Zhirinovsky be banned from speaking in the parliament for three sessions. The proposal was rejected, and the FSK bill was adopted without major amendments. -- Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. CIVIC UNION, MONARCHISTS, AND KGB VETERANS CREATE "CENTRIST" BLOC. The head of the Civic Union, Arkadii Volsky, and the leader of the Party of the Majority, Vyacheslav Grechnev, announced the creation of a "centrist" bloc, ITAR-TASS reported on 18 November. According to Volsky, the bloc also includes a military officers' group "Serve the Fatherland," headed by former Chief of the Soviet Army General Staff Mikhail Moiseev; a KGB veterans club; the antiterrorist association "Alfa"; and the Independent Union of Miners. The most significant component of this strange constellation is the Majority Party, which recently organized a drive to collect signatures for the restoration of the monarchy in Russia, the abolition of the Presidency, and the extension of Yeltsin's term in office as the regent of the young Tsar Georgii Romanov. The party claims that it has already collected the 1 million signatures required for a referendum. However, Volsky said that, under their pre-election agreement, the Majority Party was prepared to delay the vote until 1998. -- Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. PETR ROMANOV PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE OF UNITED OPPOSITION. The deputy chairman of the Federation Council, Petr Romanov, has confirmed that he will run for the Presidency, Nezavisimaya gazeta reported on 18 November. Romanov, who is considered to be the new leader of the "irreconcilable opposition," said he would be nominated officially after the adoption of the new election law in December. Earlier, other opposition leaders, including former Russian Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi and Communist Party of the Russian Federation head Gennadii Zyuganov, denied that Romanov had been elected leader of the joint antidemocratic opposition. Subsequently, however, Zyuganov put Romanov first on the list of those who would head the "government of the national confidence." Romanov, in turn, said that he favored Yurii Skokov for prime minister and that he considered Zhirinovsky, not Yeltsin, his main rival for the Presidency. -- Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. MORE RUSSIAN CRITICISM OF BALTIC RESOLUTION ON KALININGRAD. On 17 November the leadership of the Kaliningrad Oblast Soviet declared: "We regard the Baltic Assembly resolution as flagrant interference in the internal affairs of the Russian Federation, an insult to the population of Kaliningrad Oblast, and an inadmissible violation of civilized norms of international relations." The following day, the State Duma passed almost unanimously a statement condemning the ''So-Called Resolution of the Baltic Assembly on Kaliningrad Oblast" and saying that "demilitarization of Kaliningrad Oblast is Russia's internal affair and will proceed in a way consistent with Russia's national interests and keeping in mind developments in Europe. Being told what to do by the Baltic Assembly's 'round tables' borders on the obscene." Some deputies subsequently complained that the Duma had passed the document too hastily and that some of its formulations could be rephrased in legally sounder terms. That afternoon the Duma voted to drop the words "so-called" from the document's title and to pass it "as a whole," Baltic and Russian agencies reported; that would seem to suggest that some revisions of the text are possible. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA ARMENIAN PARLIAMENT APPROVES ECONOMIC REFORM PROGRAM. After a heated three-day debate, on 19 November the Armenian parliament approved a government economic reform program drafted in conjunction with the IMF, ITAR-TASS reported. President Levon Ter-Petrossyan characterized the measures as the logical continuation of the economic policies of the past three years aimed at further price liberalization, reform of the tax system, reducing the budget deficit, expediting privatization, and phasing out subsidies; he claimed that the program would effect a stabilization of the economy within three months. The Armenian opposition staged a demonstration in Erevan on 18 November to protest the planned abolition of bread price subsidies contained in the program. -- Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. EDITOR OF UZBEK WEEKLY KILLED IN TAJIKISTAN. Hamid Hakimov, editor of the Uzbek-language weekly Haq suzi and a prominent member of Tajikistan's Uzbek community, was shot at his apartment building in Dushanbe on 17 November and died shortly afterward, agencies reported on 18 November. Shortly after the shooting, associates of Hakimov contacted Radio Liberty's Uzbek Service, whose correspondent Hakimov had been. The chairman of the Society of Uzbeks in Tajikistan, Rahim Hashimov, blamed the killing, the latest in a series of attacks on journalists in 1994, on unspecified "terrorist forces"; colleagues of Hakimov doubted that the killing was motivated by anything published in the newspaper, which specializes in cultural, historical, and demographic articles. -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. CIS INTERSTATE ECONOMIC COMMITTEE HOLDS FIRST SESSION. In Moscow on 18 November, the inaugural session of the Interstate Economic Committee (IEC) discussed the creation of a CIS customs union; a common market for goods, services, capital, and labor; an interstate fund to aid refugees; and a joint force to intervene in natural disasters or large-scale industrial or technical accidents in member states. (Russia's State Committee for Emergency Situations, which would probably bear the brunt of any such interventions, is a militarized structure.) A program to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the USSR's victory in World War II was also submitted. Russian Deputy Prime Minister Aleksei Bolshakov (appointed on 9 November and responsible for CIS affairs) was elected chairman of the IEC's Presidium, which is to consist of deputy prime ministers delegated by the member states and to convene every two to three months. The session resolved to establish a standing body, the Collegium, made up of plenipotentiary delegates of the member states and headquartered in Moscow, which would be endowed with executive powers. It appears that, in practice, the Collegium will function as the executive organ of the CIS Economic Union, the role given to the IEC at the CIS summit on 21 October. CIS Executive Secretary Ivan Korotchenya insisted that the IEC's role would be of an "operational" and "executive" nature, rather than a planning or conceptual one. He deplored the "wait-and-see attitude" of the 9 member states that failed to appoint plenipotentiaries to the Collegium. Only Russia and Uzbekistan did so. Turkmenistan did not attend the session, Russian media reported. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. "SECOND CIS" DEEMED DESTABILIZING. Citing "Transdniester Vice President" Aleksandr Karaman's recent statement that the "unrecognized states" of Transdniester, Gagauzia, Crimea, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, and Karabakh "are headed toward establishing a CIS-two," Rossiya (no. 44, 16-22 November) observes that would-be states of this type constitute a "destabilizing factor in the CIS" hampering the reintegration of the recognized states, jeopardizing their bilateral relations with Russia, and stimulating centrifugal forces within the Russian Federation itself. With meager economic resources but a "substantial military potential," these would-be states resort to terrorism, organized economic crime, and arms trafficking to prolong their existence. Their problems spill over into neighboring countries, resulting in chronic conflicts. By implicating Russia as their "ally and donor," the would-be states have placed themselves "at the epicenter of most hot spots in the CIS," risking the "internationalization of CIS internal problems" to Russia's detriment. The commentary recommends that Russia refrain from officially recognizing the would-be states while aiding them economically via nonstate channels "in light of mutual interests." -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE NATO RESOLVES TO BOMB CROATIAN SERB AIRFIELD. The New York Times on 21 November reports that NATO warplanes the previous day were prepared to bomb the Udbina airfield, controlled by rebel Serbs in Croatia's Krajina region, but that the mission has been postponed owing to poor weather. International media on 21 November report that NATO planes remain ready to retaliate against rebel Serbian targets. The UN Security Council--spurred by Croatian Serb air attacks from Udbina against targets in the UN-declared safe area of Bihac, in northwestern Bosnia--on 19 November unanimously adopted a resolution providing for NATO air strikes against rebel Serbian targets in Croatia. In the first Croatian Serb air attack, on 18 November, two planes dropped a cluster bomb and napalm. The second attack, on 19 November, involved two planes. At least nine people were reported dead, and one of the planes was shot down by Bosnian government forces, killing the pilot. International media on 19 November reported that Croatian President Franjo Tudjman supported NATO action in Croatian airspace and against the rebel Croatian Serbs. Borba on 21 November quotes rebel Krajina Serb leader Milan Martic as saying he regards NATO action against Krajina as renewed Croatian aggression. Finally, AFP on 20 November reported that Serbia's media are tacitly supporting Serbian aggression in Bosnia's Bihac enclave, thereby likely signaling Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic's renewed support for the Bosnian Serbs and their allies. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. FIGHTING IN BOSNIA CONTINUES. International media on 21 November continue to report that fighting in several areas of Bosnia, particularly the northwestern Bihac pocket, remains intense. According to rump Yugoslav media on 20 November, Bosnian Serb forces have recaptured almost all the territory recently reclaimed by Bosnian government forces in the Bihac enclave. The Croatian agency Hina on 20 November reported that the town of Velika Kladusa was encircled by troops loyal to rebel Muslim leader Fikret Abdic and that street fighting had raged in the town center. Meanwhile, CNN on 21 November reports that Bosnian government forces in Central Bosnia and in areas around Sarajevo continue to consolidate their military gains. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. KRAJINA SERBS REJECT ECONOMIC DEAL WITH ZAGREB. Hina and Belgrade Radio report that the assembly of the rebel Serbs in Croatia's Krajina region has rejected a proposed agreement on economic links with Croatia. According to Serbian media reports, the assembly was most concerned about yielding total control to Zagreb over Krajina's water and energy supplies. The assembly, however, called on the rebel Krajina government to continue negotiations on economic matters with Zagreb. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. CATHOLIC CHURCH WANTS TO SET UP MASS LAY ORGANIZATION IN POLAND. Polish Primate Cardinal Jozef Glemp announced on 20 November in a pastoral letter that the Church intends to set up a mass lay organization. According to a report in Gazeta Wyborcza on 21 November, the new organization--to be called Catholic Action--will establish chapters in both individual parishes and workplaces. Glemp said the first chapters will be set up this year and that the organization will extend across the entire country by the end of the century. The organization is a successor to the Catholic social and political movement of the same name active in Poland during the 1930s, when it had a membership of about 750,000 and exerted some influence on the country's political and social life. Its reemergence was apparently encouraged by Pope John Paul II, who was reported to have raised the issue during his meeting with Polish bishops in January 1993. -- Jan de Weydenthal, RFE/RL, Inc. LOCAL ELECTIONS IN CZECH REPUBLIC . . . Preliminary returns from the Czech local elections, held on 18-19 November, showed strong support for independent candidates, CTK reports. With most results available, except those from Prague and Brno, independents won 49.8 percent of the vote. The strongest showing of any party was 12.5 percent for the Christian Democratic Union--Czechoslovak People's Party, compared with 10.9 percent for Premier Vaclav Klaus's Civic Democratic Party, 9.2 percent for the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia, and 2.4 percent for the Czech Social Democratic Party. Approximately 64 percent of eligible voters participated. According to the Czech daily Mlada fronta dnes on 21 November, the results fulfilled the preelection expectations of most parties in the governing coalition; only Christian Democratic Party Chairman Ivan Filip was disappointed with his party's showing. The final results are to be released on 21 November. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. . . . AND IN SLOVAKIA. Preliminary returns show that Premier-designate Vladimir Meciar's Movement for a Democratic Slovakia lost ground in Slovakia's local elections, also held on 18-19 November, after winning nearly 35 percent of the vote in this fall's parliamentary elections. As in the Czech Republic, citizens voted for individual candidates rather than political parties: independents, won 28.84 percent of the 2,853 mayoral posts, followed by the Party of the Democratic Left with 17.98 percent, the MDS with 15.98 percent, and the Christian Democratic Movement with 15.24 percent. The MDS won 23.06 percent of the 35,524 local government seats, followed by the CDM with 20.5 percent, the PDL with 15.87 percent, and independents with 7.81 percent, TASR reports. Peter Kresanek, the joint candidate of the five centrist and rightist parties, was reelected mayor of Bratislava, beating the Slovak National Party's Jozef Prokes. Mayoral candidates of centrist and rightist parties won seven of Bratislava's 17 districts, compared with only two for the MDS and one for the SNP. SNP Chairman Jan Slota was reelected mayor of Zilina. Preliminary results showed that 54.26 percent of the more than 3.8 million eligible voters participated, with turnout considerably lower in cities than in villages. The final results will not be announced until 22 November. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNGARIAN STATE SECRETARY FOR CULTURE RESIGNS. Gyorgy Janosi on 18 November handed in his resignation to Prime Minister Gyula Horn, MTI reports. Janosi is a member of the ruling Hungarian Socialist Party, while the ministry is headed by Gabor Fodor, who was a candidate of the HSP's coalition partner, the Alliance of Free Democrats. Janosi cited two reasons for his resignation: insufficient state funding for culture and education and tensions within the ministry. He said the HSP had not given him sufficient support during debates with the coalition partner. Horn is scheduled to meet with both Fodor and Janosi on 21 November. -- Judith Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc. NO REFERENDUM TO BE HELD ON BUDAPEST WORLD FAIR. The National Election Committee on 17 November announced that an insufficient number of valid signatures calling for a referendum on the 1996 Budapest Expo had been collected. Although the committee did not check the validity of every signature, it estimated--based on a sample--that only about 85,000 of the 120,000 signatures collected were valid. But at the same time, it noted that incorrect collection procedures rather than falsifications were responsible. Earlier this month, the parliament rejected holding the Budapest fair for financial reasons. The opposition parties charged that the coalition concealed it political intentions for canceling the fair by citing economic reasons. -- Judith Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIAN-HUNGARIAN TREATY NEGOTIATIONS. Officials from the Romanian and Hungarian Foreign Ministries concluded in Bucharest on 17 November another round of negotiations on the bilateral treaty. According to an RFE/RL correspondent and Radio Bucharest, the Romanian Foreign Ministry called the talks "constructive" and said new proposals were made on those issues that have so far prevented an agreement from being reached: Hungary's recognition of the existing border and Romania's refusal to have ethnic minority rights enshrined in the treaty. The talks will resume after the two sides have examined the new proposals. The officials agreed to open new border crossings and improve cooperation between their respective Interior Ministries. -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNGARIAN DEFENSE MINISTER IN ROMANIA. Gyorgy Keleti, heading a military delegation, began a three-day visit to Romania on 18 November. Following discussions with his Romanian counterpart, Gheorghe Tinca, the two ministers agreed to hold joint military exercises on each other's territory in 1995, pending approval by their respective parliaments, an RFE/RL correspondent and Radio Bucharest report. Tinca said Bucharest will allow landlocked Hungary to use the Black Sea training base at Capul Midia. It was also agreed that the two countries' Danube river fleets should "work together closely," leading eventually to collaboration with NATO and WEU vessels supervising the embargo against rump Yugoslavia. Tinca and Keleti also agreed to cooperate in seeking membership in NATO. "It is in the interest of all Central European countries to achieve NATO membership and to achieve it together," Tinca said, adding that Romania's path to NATO "runs through Budapest and Hungary's through Bucharest." Also on 18 November, Keleti held talks with Prime Minister Nicolae Vacaroiu and Foreign Minister Teodor Melescanu. The following day, the Hungarian defense minister was received by President Ion Iliescu. On 20 November, the Hungarian delegation visited military units in Transylvania and met with leaders of the Hungarian Democratic Federation of Romania in Harghita and Mures counties. -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIAN PRESIDENT SNIPES AT MOLDOVA, UKRAINE. Ion Iliescu, speaking in Suceava, near Romania's borders with Ukraine and Moldova, reaffirmed on Romanian Radio on 18 November his view that Moldovans in the Republic of Moldova are Romanians and that Moldova is "a second Romanian state." He regretted that "certain people dislike my use of that phrase but that's what it is." "In affirming this . . . it does not mean that Romania claims the return today of territories that were incorporated into other states or that Moldova should unite with Romania tomorrow," he commented. By twice distinguishing between Moldova and other "Romanian" territories beyond the border, Iliescu indicated that he was also referring to the areas incorporated into Ukraine. At the same time, he bowed to "the postwar borders enshrined in international documents, a reality which we must take into account." Admitting to a "decline in political, economic, and other relations," he said "an improvement does not depend on us." Iliescu the previous day told Romanian Radio that establishing a free trade area on the border between Romania and the Republic of Moldova "depends on putting an end to inertia in the Republic of Moldova." Recent statements of this kind by Iliescu and other Romanian officials have provoked sharp retorts from Moldova. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. ALBANIAN JUSTICE CALLS FOR OFFICIAL'S RESIGNATION. Reuters reported on 19 November that Zef Brozi, Albania's highest justice, has called for the resignation of the country's public order minister. According to the justice, the top-level resignation is warranted because police officials have allegedly violated human rights. Brozi, speaking at a press conference, observed that police officers have illegally detained citizens, committed violent acts, and breached the law in numerous other ways. He also said that "if we don't take the malice out of the public order ministry, citizens' rights will be endangered at any moment." -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT IN US. Leonid Kuchma, arriving in New York on 19 November for an official visit to the US, said the main goal of his trip was to open a new era in US-Ukrainian relations, international agencies reported. Kuchma is scheduled to visit the New York Stock Exchange and address the United Nations on 21 November. He is also expected to meet in New York with business leaders, Ukrainian-American organizations, and Henry Kissinger. The next day, he is scheduled to meet with US President Bill Clinton in Washington. Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott said Clinton would give Ukraine assurances of US support for Ukrainian sovereignty, but "this does not mean the US is coming to the defense of Ukraine if attacked." -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. UKRAINIAN BY-ELECTIONS. Another round of by-elections was held on 20 November to fill 55 of the remaining 56 seats in Ukraine's 450-member parliament, international agencies reported. Voting on the final seat will be held on 4 December. According to preliminary reports, turnout was low and it is likely that many of the districts will not have the minimum 50 percent voter participation required to validate the election. Of the unfilled parliamentary seats, eighteen are in Kiev, which is noted for its voter apathy. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. BELARUSIAN-RUSSIAN TALKS. Belarusian Radio on 18 November reported that a working group headed by Deputy Prime Minister Mikhail Myasnikovich returned to Minsk after talks with Russian officials on trade and economic relations. Belarusian President Alyaksandr Lukashenka said talks between Russia and Belarus on a closer economic union are continuing. He said he was puzzled by some aspects of the talks, singling out Russia's demand for ownership of the gas distributor Beltranshas's facilities. Meanwhile, Belarusian Radio on 20 October reported that the republic's Liberal Democrats and the Slavic Assembly formed a political bloc, which was registered at the Justice Ministry. The two Russophone groups will cooperate in the upcoming parliamentary elections. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. MILITARY TRANSIT THROUGH LITHUANIA. The Lithuanian Foreign Ministry issued a statement on 18 November saying that Russian military transit to the Kaliningrad region through Lithuania will have to comply with Lithuanian regulations as of 1 January 1995, BNS reports. A meeting of Lithuanian and Russian experts the previous day ended after only several minutes when Lithuania refused to discuss a bilateral military transit agreement. Russia is demanding that such a document be signed. Viktor Isakov, Russia's chief negotiator with Lithuania, said a special agreement was needed since the military cargoes would be transported regularly from one part of Russia to another and not abroad. The procedure for documenting the transit stipulated by the Lithuanian regulations was too complicated, he added. The Lithuanian Foreign Ministry statement suggests the government may have changed its position and is now agreeing to the opposition's view that Lithuania should establish transit rules for all countries and not sign a special agreement with Russia. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. ESTONIAN FERRY PROBLEMS CONTINUE. The ferry "Mare Balticum"--the replacement for the "Estonia," which sank off the Finnish coast on 28 September, with the loss of more than 900 lives--struck a breakwater as it was leaving Tallinn on 19 November, Western agencies report. There were no injuries among the 181 passengers and 100 crew aboard, but the passenger service will be suspended for several days until the ship is repaired. The 57-ton bow door of the "Estonia" was raised on 18 November by Swedish and Finnish salvagers and taken to the Finnish port of Hangoe for further examinations. It may take more than a year, however, before a final report on the disaster is issued. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. KGB DOCUMENTS SOLD ON ESTONIAN BLACK MARKET. Ain Saarna, Estonian government's press secretary, told Interfax on 20 November that the government is concerned about the sale of KGB documents on the black market. Newspapers in Estonia also advertise the sale of such documents, some of which can be bought in neighboring countries, particularly Finland. Saarna said Estonia's Archives Department has lost "thousands of files on the activity of the KGB and other intelligence agencies." It is unclear whether these documents are from the archives taken over by Estonia in 1991. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] (Compiled by Jan Cleave and Penny Morvant) The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU Inquiries about specific news items should be directed as follows (please include your full postal address when inquiring about subscriptions): Mr. Brian Reed RFE/RL, Inc. 1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 Fax: (202) 457-6992 Internet: REEDB@RFERL.ORG Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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