|The sum of human wisdom is not contained in any one language, and no single language is capable of expressing all forms and degrees of human comprehension. - Ezra Pound|
No. 217, 15 November 1994
Note: The Daily Report will not appear Wednesday, 16 November RUSSIA YELTSIN ADDRESSES MILITARY LEADERS. President Boris Yeltsin--as supreme commander of the armed forces--spoke in Moscow to the Defense Ministry's annual review conference on 14 November. While he praised senior military commanders for the way the withdrawals from Eastern Europe had been handled, he also took them to task for a number of shortcomings. According to the Interfax account of the closed meeting, Yeltsin said that the Defense Ministry had made only limited progress in improving its organization, had not done enough to promote the military in the eyes of the public, and had not tightened up military discipline. He specifically pointed to the ineffectiveness of contract-based military service and charged that several generals were not pulling their weight. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. POLITICAL ISSUES DOMINATE DEFENSE MINISTRY CONCLAVE. Yeltsin told the generals that despite "positive changes in the international arena," there remained "the potential for the extension of existing and the emergence of new conflicts in which Russia could become involved by virtue of its geopolitical and strategic interests"; Russia must, therefore, "increase troop training requirements." Possibly presaging increased assertiveness in the "near abroad," Yeltsin said that "the main effort in troop training will be on perfecting the means of using troops in local conflicts." Military cooperation with CIS states will aim to "strengthen collective security and deepen relations among their armed forces," he said. Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin and the new ministers of economics and finance, Evgenii Yasin and Vladimir Panskov--who also attended the meeting--were instructed by Yeltsin to release all funds earmarked for the military, as it must not be "forced onto the road of commercialism." Yeltsin also voiced concern that "following the conservatives' victory in the US mid-term elections, the US can be expected to toughen its line somewhat on foreign and military issues," hence "contacts must be established with the Republicans too in order to balance our relations," ITAR-TASS reported. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. GRACHEV, BURLAKOV SEEM REPRIEVED. Yeltsin, who appears to be continuing to back Defense Minister Pavel Grachev despite the latter's unpopularity among the military, traded jokes with him in public, AFP reported. For his part, Matvei Burlakov, the suspended deputy defense minister accused of corruption, was tasked with reporting on accommodation for Russian military personnel withdrawn from Central/Eastern Europe. He took the opportunity to reject media allegations of corruption "in the command of forces stationed abroad," Interfax reported. According to ITAR-TASS, Yeltsin's national security adviser Yurii Baturin dismissed media "rumors" that Grachev and others would be fired but conceded that Grachev's "reputation was significantly affected" by his public rejection of a recent military opinion survey that gave him a low rating. Yeltsin also announced his intention to meet with top commanders individually in coming days, which suggests personnel changes may be in the offing. Duma Defense Committee Chairman Sergei Yushenkov (Democratic Russia) told Interfax on 14 November that he would continue to press for a vote of no confidence in Grachev in the parliament. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIAN POSITION ON NATO EXPANSION. There are two approaches to the possible incorporation of Central European countries in NATO, Russian Ambassador to Belgium Vitalii Churkin told Russian television on 14 November. The first, espoused by the communist-nationalist camp, regards any eastward expansion of NATO as a threat to vital Russian interests. The second, advocated by Russian "liberals," calls for the rapid incorporation of Russia into NATO in order to "neutralize negative trends in NATO as a Cold War military alliance." Churkin added that he, personally, would coordinate his position with Ukraine. Today, Churkin said, as the euphoria of independence is wearing off, many in Kiev have begun to realize that the extension of NATO might be of greater concern to Ukraine than Russia, which will have no borders with the alliance. -- Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. FLOATING RATE FOR RUBLE RECOMMENDED. Speaking at a joint session of the budget committees of both houses of the Federal Assembly on 14 November, acting Chairwoman of the Central Bank Tatyana Paramonova said she favored a "floating rate" for the ruble, which would respond to the market but still be influenced by Central Bank actions, ITAR-TASS reported. Also on 14 November, the State Duma's budget committee voted by 17 to 2 with 4 abstentions to recommend that Paramonova's appointment be confirmed. -- Penny Morvant, RFE/RL, Inc. GENERAL DENIES RUSSIANS SOLD ARMS TO SERBIA. Major General Vladimir Kozarev, the head of the Russian Defense Ministry's information and press directorate, on 13 November vehemently denied a charge in the German weekly news magazine Der Spiegel that arms belonging to the Russian forces in Germany had been sold to the Serbs. ITAR-TASS quoted the general as saying "Not a single tank, a missile, or other unit of armaments, either operational or as scrap metal, was or is supplied to the Serbian armed forces from Russian military arsenals." Kozarev also pointed out that a great deal of Soviet military equipment belonging to the former East Germany had been inherited by the German government after unification, implying that some of those arms might have ended up in the former Yugoslavia. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. 60 PERCENT OF DEFENSE INDUSTRY TO BE PRIVATIZED. The State Committee for the Defense Industry told Interfax on 14 November that the government had decided to speed up the privatization of 60 percent of Russia's nearly 2,000 defense plants and organizations. The facilities to be privatized have been divided into three groups: one in which the government will hold the controlling block of shares; another where the state would have a "golden share" and could veto the decisions of the board of directors; and a third group that will be privatized without restrictions. The committee hopes to attract foreign capital, but its experts also said foreigners might not be allowed to purchase more than 10-15 percent in any one company. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. KOLESNIKOV ON MILITARY CUTS. Colonel General Mikhail Kolesnikov, chief of the Russian General Staff, told Interfax on 11 November that the reductions in the armed forces were aggravating the Defense Ministry's financial woes. He said that over the past two and a half years the military had been reduced by 905,000 men and that a further 70,000 commissioned and noncommissioned officers would have to be let go to meet President Boris Yeltsin's goal of 1.7 million by 1 January 1996. Kolesnikov said that 4 trillion rubles would be needed for the demobilization to cover such costs as travel and baggage transportation. He indicated, however, that he believed the armed forces should get even smaller--down to 1.5 million. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIA LEASES SPY CENTER IN CUBA. In the same interview, Kolesnikov said that Russia would pay Cuba about $200 million a year for the use of the Soviet-built electronic intelligence gathering facility near Havana. The lease runs out at the end of 1995 but can be renewed. Kolesnikov said that no money would be involved; rather, Russia would supply Cuba with fuel, timber, and spare parts. He also disclosed that the intelligence developed by the facility is shared with the Cubans. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA TAJIK GOVERNMENT-OPPOSITION COMMISSION MEETS. A ten-member commission representing Tajikistan's government and the Tajik opposition has held its first meeting in Dushanbe, Russian agencies reported on 14 November. The commission, which is supposed to work closely with UN cease-fire monitors in Tajikistan, was set up in accord with an agreement reached at the Tehran round of talks between Tajik government representatives and the opposition in exile earlier in the year. Opposition demands for a release of political prisoners delayed both a cease-fire between government and opposition troops and the creation of the commission. The head of the UN mission in Tajikistan, Liviu Bota, who opened the first session of the commission, and Tajik Minister of Labor Shukhurjon Zukhurov told journalists that the cease-fire had already gone into effect. -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL ASIAN PRESIDENTS IN EUROPE. On 14 November Turkmenistan's President Saparmurad Niyazov was in Vienna inviting Austrian businessmen to invest in his country, while Kyrgyzstan's President Askar Akaev signed a cooperation agreement in Bern under which Switzerland will provide the Central Asian state with more the $3 million in aid, Russian sources reported. Niyazov told potential investors that stumbling blocks to foreign investment had been removed and that the tax and banking systems had been improved. The Austrians, according to ITAR-TASS, are particularly interested in the pipeline project that is to bring Turkmen gas via Iran and Turkey to Europe and in developing the pharmaceutical industry and railway transport. The agreement signed by Akaev provides for Swiss assistance in agriculture, forest products, energy development and health care. Switzerland represents Kyrgyzstan, along with Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, and Poland in the leadership of the IMF and World Bank. -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. CIS RUSSIA CLAIMS TO DEFEND "CIS BORDERS." Commander of Russia's Border Troops Colonel General Andrei Nikolaev asserted in Rossiiskaya gazeta of 12 November that Russia could not effectively guard its borders with CIS states against smuggling or arms and drug trafficking because of transparency requirements and the high cost of redeploying the border troops on Russia's new borders. The solution in Russia's view is "guarding the CIS outer borders"--a concept that has been endorsed by Yeltsin and the Russian government, Nikolaev said. Russian Border Troops guard "CIS outer borders" in Armenia, Georgia, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan "at these states' request," legalizing the troops' stationing and sharing the expenses. Russia seeks similar agreements with Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan. As for Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, which have their own border troops, Russia has proposed a system of "mutual security guarantees" on their "outer borders" and the integration of border troops under CIS authority. Although the CIS is not a country or a subject of international law, Russian officials commonly speak of "CIS borders" and sometimes speak of the states' borders with each other as "inner" ones. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. UZBEKISTAN TO ASSEMBLE UKRAINIAN PLANE? During his recent official visit to Ukraine, Uzbek President Islam Karimov offered the facilities of the Tashkent Aviation Plant for assembly of a new military transport plane that has been developed in Ukraine, Interfax reported on 14 November. Karimov asserted that an earlier plan to assemble the plane in Samara, with Uzbekistan supplying only the wings and fuselage, would cause a far greater delay in starting production of the aircraft because the Samara plant would require retooling. Interfax commented that up to 70 percent of the parts for the Ukrainian plane were expected to come from Russia in any case. -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSDNIESTER TO TRAIN ABKHAZ, SOUTH OSSETIAN MILITIAS. According to a special report from Tiraspol in Izvestiya of 12 November, featuring interviews with Lieutenant General Aleksandr Lebed and "Dniester" Security Minister Vadim Shevtsov, the "Dniester republic" is about to begin training militiamen for Abkhazia and South Ossetia, under agreements signed earlier this year by Tiraspol and the other two would-be states, which are also supported by Russian hardliners. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE BOSNIAN SERBS CONTINUE TO GAIN GROUND IN BIHAC. Fighting continues in several areas in Bosnia, including the Bihac pocket, where Bosnian Serb troops continue to reconquer recently lost ground, international agencies report. Serbian forces have reportedly retaken roughly 80 percent of the territory recently won by Bosnian government forces. Meanwhile, Reuters on 14 November reported that the 1,300 Bangladeshi peacekeepers stranded in Bihac by the fighting are running low on food and fuel and may run out entirely within two weeks unless permitted transit through Serb-held territory. The Croatian news agency Hina on 14 November reported that a senior Croatian official, Darko Bekic, has said Croatia will likely intervene in the fighting if the conquest of Bihac by Bosnian Serb forces becomes "inevitable." Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic, during a two-day visit to Britain, told reporters on 14 November that the UN Security Council should call for "a real air strike." Borba on 15 November reports that Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic met the previous day with Russian special envoy Alexander Zotov for talks on the military situation in Bosnia. Meanwhile, Croatian media report that UN and NATO officials held meetings in Zagreb on 14 November to discuss extending NATO air support for peacekeepers in Croatia, a move prompted by the military situation in Bosnia. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. BOSNIAN MUSLIM LEADER PLANS ASSAULT? AFP on 14 November reported that former rebel Bosnian Muslim leader Fikret Abdic, once based in Bihac and now a refugee in Serb-held Croatia, is recruiting and organizing fellow refugees for a possible attack on Bihac. According to the report, UN Protection Force officials estimate that some 6,000 Abdic supporters have amassed along the border with Bosnia and appear poised to support the Bosnian Serb war effort. The International Committee of the Red Cross has protested and condemned Abdic's efforts, observing that the recruitment of refugees for military purposes violates international rules and agreements between warring parties. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. MACEDONIAN CENSUS RESULTS. Reuters reports that on 14 November Macedonia's National Statistics Bureau made public returns from the nationwide census conducted in June and deemed accurate by international observers. According to the bureau, Macedonia's population totals some 1.9 million, of which 66 percent are ethnic Macedonian and 23 percent ethnic Albanian. Other groups identified include Turks, Roma, and Serbs. Ethnic Albanian leaders, however, have condemned the report, saying that irregularities marred the returns and that ethnic Albanians account for at least a third of the population. A final census report is expected to be released in about a month. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. COALITION PARTIES DEBATE WAYS TO PREVENT POLITICAL CONFLICTS. Leading politicians of the Union of the Democratic Left and the Peasant Party--the two groups that compose the coalition supporting the current government--are to meet in Warsaw on 15 November to discuss ways of limiting disagreements and conflicts. The meeting was called by Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak, who was apparently alarmed by signs that the postcommunist UDL and the opposition Freedom Union could work together in local and parliamentary politics to oppose his Peasant Party (the UDL and the FU recently joined forces to set up a city government in Warsaw and remove a Peasant Party politician from the chairmanship of a key parliamentary committee). Pawlak's immediate reaction was to support President Lech Walesa's effort to remove Piotr Kolodziejczyk as minister of defense, despite the UDL's opposition. Polish press and television saw this move as Pawlak's warning to the UDL that he may align himself politically with the president. The 15 November meeting could lay the foundations for a long-term coalition arrangement. According to Rzeczpospolita on 15 November, this would require that Pawlak presents his political program before the presidential elections (scheduled for November 1995) and that an agreement be reached between the coalition parties on actions within the government. -- Jan de Weydenthal, RFE/RL, Inc. SLOVAK POLITICAL SQUABBLING CONTINUES. In a press conference on 14 November, Chairman of the Party of the Democratic Left Peter Weiss said the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia has slammed the door on further cabinet discussions through its methods of exerting power. Only the MDS has the key to open the door again, Weiss said, adding that the PDL's decision to end the coalition talks was unanimous. Questioning the sincerity of the MDS's claim that it is not laying down conditions for building a government, Weiss stressed that one condition is that the other parties accept the way in which the MDS seized power during the parliament's second session. At a meeting of the MDS leadership on 14 November, MDS Deputy Chairman Augustin Marian Huska said his party does not intend to reverse the decisions made during that session. He accused the PDL of failing to realize its responsibility for Slovakia's future. Huska also noted that a coalition agreement with the Association of Slovak Workers might be reached after the budget is approved, TASR reports. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. NEW HUNGARIAN COALITION AGREEMENT ON MEDIA LAW. Following last week's six-party talks, media experts from the ruling Hungarian Socialist Party and Alliance of Free Democrats have reached agreement on the principles of a draft media law, MTI reported on 14 November. A subcommittee on which Hungarians abroad will also be represented is to supervise the programs for Hungarians in foreign countries. Hungarian Television, Hungarian Radio, and Danube Television are to become joint-stock companies, and their current chairmen are to remain in office for four years. The government coalition parties hope to put the draft media law on the parliament's agenda this year. The plenary debate and the passage of the law are to take place in January and February 1995, respectively. -- Alfred Reisch, RFE/RL, Inc. RIGHTS GROUP ON ANTI-GYPSY VIOLENCE IN ROMANIA. A report released by the Human Rights Watch/Helsinki group in New York on 14 November says Romania is failing to protect its Gypsy minority from violent attacks. The report concludes that the government has become "virtually complicit" in those attacks through inaction on numerous cases of violence against Gypsies. The 41-page document offers details on a rampant wave of anti-Gypsy violence in Romania since the end of Nicolae Ceausescu's regime, in December 1989. -- Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. IRANIAN REFUGEE KILLED IN BUCHAREST. Radio Bucharest on 14 November reported that an Iranian national was stabbed to death two days earlier in Bucharest. The Romanian police are investigating the case, the radio added. The victim, Mohamed Ali Assadi, has been described by Romanian media as a political refugee accompanying the nephew of the late Shah of Iran on a visit to Romania. The Iranian embassy in Bucharest denied any involvement. It also accused the 39-year-old Assadi of committing blackmail, robbery, and other offenses against members of Romania's Iranian community. -- Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. ANOTHER ANTONESCU MONUMENT IN ROMANIA. Radio Bucharest reports that a bust of Marshall Ion Antonescu, Romania's wartime military dictator, was unveiled on 12 November in the town of Piatra-Neamt. The ceremony was attended by local officials and war veterans. One year ago, Romania's first Antonescu statue was erected in Slobozia. In late September 1994, the Supreme Court of Justice overruled the decision of a Targu-Mures appeals court that had granted permission to inaugurate a second Antonescu statue, despite opposition from the local city council. Antonescu, who was executed in 1946, has been turned into a cult figure by Romania's extreme nationalist parties, including the Greater Romania Party. -- Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. ALBANIAN PRESIDENT SAYS "PROTEST" VOTE HELPED KILL CONSTITUTION. Sali Berisha told a 14 November news conference that the public's rejection of the country's draft constitution by a margin of 54 percent in the 6 November referendum was spurred by public disillusionment with economic reform and government "inefficiency." Berisha suggested that a revised draft constitution be written by a constitutional commission elected by the parliament and supported by foreign legal and constitutional experts. Berisha said any future draft should also be subject to a referendum. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. GAZPROM CUTS GAS TO UKRAINE. The Russian gas enterprise Gazprom informed the Ukrainian government on 11 November that daily gas supplies had been cut indefinitely to 40 million cubic because of Ukraine's failure to pay off its energy debt, UNIAN reported. Ukrhazprom informed UNIAN that talks between Ukraine and Russia over the country's gas arrears ended inconclusively. Gazprom cut supplies to the region of Mariupol last month; the region responded by holding talks with Gazprom to ensure its supplies. The November cuts affect the whole country. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. UKRAINIAN DECREE ON LAND PRIVATIZATION. Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma has issued a decree authorizing private ownership of agricultural land for the first time in Ukraine, Reuters reported on 14 November. Private land ownership has been resisted by both the Communists and leftists in parliament, who together hold over 150 seats. The decree allows landowners to sell, lease, or bequeath their land to Ukrainian citizens as long as it continues to be used for the same purpose. Land reform is considered an important part of Kuchma's economic reform program, which was drawn up with the approval of the IMF. Kuchma has recently made a number of statements urging the speedy privatization of agricultural land. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. RECONSTRUCTION OF UKRAINIAN ARMS DISMANTLING COMPLEX BEGINS. Ukrinform-TASS on 14 November reported that Ukraine has begun reconstructing the Southern Machine-Building plant in Dnipopetrovsk. The plant built SS-19 intercontinental ballistic missiles during the Soviet era and is now being transformed into a dismantling facility for those missiles. Ukraine has 130 SS-19 missiles, which it has pledged to dismantle. The reconstructed plant should be capable of dismantling four a month. The nuclear materials will be transported to Russia in accordance with the Trilateral Agreement on disarmament, signed by Russia, the US, and Ukraine in January 1994. The US is helping finance and organize the plant's reconstruction in line with an October 1993 agreement. The process should be completed within a year. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. PRICE CRISIS IN BELARUS. Recent price hikes on some goods were rolled back after President Alyaksandr Lukashenka demanded they be brought down to 1 November levels, international agencies reported. With the exception of bread and milk, however, most prices remained at the higher levels. Prime Minister Mikhail Chyhir said the rollbacks were only temporary . Ministers at an emergency government session on 12 November argued that halting the decontrol of prices would lead to economic collapse. Several government officials were critical of Lukashenka's backtracking, saying it was time to move forward with reform. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. BELARUSIAN-RUSSIAN TALKS. Belarusian Deputy Prime Minister Mikhail Myasnikovich arrived in Moscow on 14 November for talks with his Russian counterpart, Aleksei Bolshakov, Russian agencies reported. The two are to draw up more than 20 documents to be used as the basis for discussions between the prime ministers of the two countries beginning on 15 November. The main points on the agenda deal with Belarus's gas debt to Russia, which stands at some $400 million. Russia wants ownership of Belarusian gas facilities as payment and is also hoping that Belarus will not demand fees for Russian military bases on its territory. Belarusian President Alyaksandr Lukashenka has said that Belarus has opted to move toward a closer union with Russia because of its economic dependence on that country. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. MOLDOVAN-RUSSIAN TROOP AGREEMENT CHALLENGED. Lieutenant-General Aleksandr Lebed, commander of Russia's 14th Army in Moldova, and Major-General Stefan Kitsak of the "Dniester republic" said on Russian Radio on 13 November that the Russian army cannot withdraw from an area in which it has been stationed for 200 years and that any withdrawal would endanger regional peace. Lebed added that the status quo should be maintained by granting the 14th Army basing rights in the area or assigning a peacekeeping role to part of that army. The same arguments were made by Colonel-General Vladimir Semenov, commander in chief of Russia's Land Forces, at a news conference in Moscow reported by NTV on 28 October. Those statements contradict the agreement signed by the Russian and Moldovan prime ministers on 21 October providing for the 14th Army's withdrawal within three years of the document's entry into force. Moscow, however, conditions that entry on the "completion of [unspecified] internal state procedures," without giving a time frame. It has also suggested that the document might be submitted to the Russian parliament, which would likely spell its doom. Russian government media have been opposed to the agreement since it was signed. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. SECURITY TIGHTENED AT LITHUANIAN NUCLEAR POWER PLANT. Responding to a request for assistance in checking the safety of the Ignalina nuclear power station, seven Swedish experts, headed by Swedish nuclear inspectorate director Jan Nistad, arrived in Lithuania on 13 November. The request was prompted by the arrest of a Lithuanian in Stockholm for threatening to blow up the plant if Sweden did not pay a $1 million ransom and by a German ministry warning--based on information it had received--that the plant might be attacked in revenge for the death sentence recently passed on the mafia boss Boris Dekanidze. Security at Ignalina had been tightened after the terrorist explosion of a railroad bridge on 6 November. Povilas Vaisnys, head of Lithuanian nuclear power safety inspection, told Radio Lithuania on 15 November that the examination of the first of the two reactors, shut down the previous day, had been completed and nothing dangerous had been found. The second reactor was still being examined. Since the plant was closed, Lithuania has received additional electricity supplies from Russia and Estonia. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. NEW POLITICAL PARTY FORMED IN ESTONIA. The Estonian Reform Party has been set up in Tallinn, BNS reported on 14 November. Its members believe that the country should continue a right-wing economic policy but find it impossible to join already existing parties. They elected Bank of Estonia President Siim Kallas chairman of the new party. He said the party was pressing for radical progress on the issues of property and land reform, lower taxes, and the promotion of private business. The founding meeting called on right-of-center political parties to form a pre-election coalition, to be called the Estonian Forum. It is likely that the Reform Party will merge with the Estonian Liberal Democratic Party and hold a joint congress in January. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. GERMANY OPENS TRADE CENTERS IN TALLINN AND RIGA. A German trade center was opened in the Estonian capital on 11 November and in the Latvian capital on 14 November. Franz Schoser of the German Industry and Trade Chamber, speaking at the opening ceremonies, said the centers would serve to expand trade relations between German and the Baltic States, Latvian and German press reported on 14 November. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. CRIME DOWN IN LATVIA. BNS on 11 November reported that the number of crimes registered during the first ten months of 1994 (33,380) was down by about one quarter, compared with the same period last year (44,191). According to the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the prosecutor's office, the majority of offenses were thefts and burglaries. Convictions resulted in the case of 28.9 percent of the crimes, compared with 25.3 percent in 1993. Crimes related to drug addiction increased by 26.4 percent. Rita Aksenoka of the prosecutor's office said that many crimes--particularly extortion, burglary, and petty larceny--are not reported to the police. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] (Compiled by Jan Cleave and Penny Morvant) The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU Inquiries about specific news items should be directed as follows (please include your full postal address when inquiring about subscriptions): Mr. Brian Reed RFE/RL, Inc. 1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 Fax: (202) 457-6992 Internet: REEDB@RFERL.ORG Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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