|We have to understand the world can only be grasped by action, not by comtemplation. The hand is more important than the eye....The hand is the cutting edge of the mind. - J. Bronowski|
No. 216, 14 November 1994
RUSSIA DUMA OBJECTS TO US MOVE ON BOSNIA EMBARGO. The State Duma has adopted a resolution calling on President Boris Yeltsin and the Russian government to take "adequate" steps against the US decision no longer to enforce the weapons embargo against Bosnia, agencies reported on 11 November. The chairman of the State Duma Committee for Foreign Affairs, Vladimir Lukin, said the resolution asked the Russian Foreign Ministry to demand discussion of the US decision in the UN Security Council. The Duma's resolution has no legal force: according to the Russian Constitution, foreign policy is the prerogative of the president -- Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. KOZYREV ON RUSSIAN POSITION ON IRAQ. By officially recognizing Kuwait, Saddam Hussein and the Iraqi parliament are demonstrating political wisdom, Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs Andrei Kozyrev told NTV on 13 November. Commenting on his recent visit to Baghdad, Kozyrev said Russia supported Hussein's call for the lifting of the oil embargo imposed by the UN Security Council. Kozyrev said he was aware of the US reaction to his initiative but hoped that the Americans would overcome their "emotions." He also said he believed Hussein could alter his behavior and "eventually" be accepted into the "family of civilized nations." The Russian foreign minister pointed out that many former Communists were now leaders of democratic Russia and that the leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization and Nobel Peace Prize winner, Yasser Arafat, had been refused a US visa a few years ago. -- Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. DUMA REJECTS BILL ON ORGANIZED CRIME. The State Duma failed to pass at the second reading the bill on organized crime, Russian television and Radio Mayak reported on 10 November. The bill, introduced by the government, is intended to reinforce Yeltsin's decree on combating organized crime issued in August. To advance the bill, the government dropped the controversial provision allowing law enforcement agencies to detain suspects for 30 days without permission from the Prosecutor's Office. The deputies, however, decided that the bill required further work. The chairman of the Duma's Committee for Legislation, Viktor Pokhmelkin, said that Russian organized crime was different from that in Western countries. While in the West, he said, organized crime is centered on such criminal activities as drug trafficking, prostitution, and gambling, in Russia it revolves around economic crimes such as state corruption, illegal banking transactions, and the illegal export of strategic raw materials and weapons. -- Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. SITUATION IN INGUSHETIA TERMED TENSE. Ingushetia's permanent representative to Russia, Belan Khamdzhiev, told Ehko Moskvy on 11 November that the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs "deliberately spreads mendacious information" about the OMON raid on an Ingush village near the capital Nazran on 6 November, in which five people were killed and six Ingush detained. Khamdzhiev cited evidence that the OMON soldiers were drunk, but he said that although the Ingush authorities had made a full report to Yeltsin's office there had been "no official reaction whatsoever." The charges come in the wake of two independent Russian reports on violations of human rights in Ingush areas by the Russian authorities, which are accused of condoning North Ossetian "ethnic cleansing" of the Ingush (see Daily Report, 10 and 11 November). The head of Russia's temporary administration in the disputed area, Vladimir Lozovoi, told ITAR-TASS on 13 November that the situation was "complicated and tense" and controlled "on the whole" by Russian military units. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. GRACHEV LINING UP SUPPORT. Emerging from a meeting with Yeltsin, newly appointed acting Prosecutor-General Aleksei Ilyushenko told Izvestiya, as cited by Interfax on 11 November, that he was "outraged" by "the brazen boorishness" of Moskovsky komsomolets toward Defense Minister Pavel Grachev and his suspended deputy, Colonel General Matvei Burlakov. Ilyushenko characterized as "nothing but personal insults" the corruption charges against Burlakov and other officers of the former Western Group of Forces and dismissed out of hand the accusation that Burlakov might have had a hand in the murder of Moskovsky komsomolets investigative reporter Dmitrii Kholodov. Defense Ministry spokeswoman Elena Agapova confirmed to an RFE/RL correspondent on 11 November that Yeltsin would attend the ministry's 14 November review conference, described as "disinformation" the forecasts that participants would call for Grachev's dismissal, and insisted that senior commanders supported Grachev. In a statement that would appear to bear this out, Russian General Staff Chief Colonel General Mikhail Kolesnikov told Interfax on 12 November that the top brass had discussed with Grachev the main points of his upcoming speech in the Duma and that "there are no contradictions, no factions whatsoever within the command. Stories that the Defense Ministry has split into 'camps,' such as an 'Afghan camp,' are fabrications." The reformist economic adviser Aleksandr Livshits, seemingly in the minority in the presidential circle, told NTV on 13 November that Yeltsin must decide soon on Grachev's future or be forced into a decision under pressure from the military. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. FOREIGN PLOT WITH DOMESTIC ACCOMPLICES SEEN. Kolesnikov told Interfax on 12 November that he was "convinced" that a "campaign against Russia's armed forces has been cooked up" by "special services from a number of foreign states and those who advance their interests in Russia, working to ruin our military." Ilyushenko, for his part, argued that Kholodov's assassins had "calculated that his death . . . will strike a blow against the Defense Ministry in the first place." In the United States, the ultranationalist Vladimir Zhirinovsky told media that there was a "plan prepared abroad," a "scenario written by Western special services," particularly those of US and Israel, aiming to discredit Russia's military. The follow-up stage would see the establishment of a "liberal dictatorship" through a "pseudo-coup" carried out by Lieutenant General Aleksandr Lebed with the help of Deputy Defense Minister Colonel General Boris Gromov, ITAR-TASS and AFP cited him as saying. Meanwhile, Moskovsky komsomolets reported on 11 November that in a recent survey of 615 Russian officers from the rank of lieutenant colonel to colonel general, 57 percent of the respondents preferred Lebed; Gromov was a distant second and Grachev had a low approval and high disapproval rating. The survey was commissioned by the German Social Democratic Party's Friedrich Ebert Foundation and carried out by the Moscow-based Sinus group of Russian sociologists. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. BRAIN-DRAIN HURTS DEFENSE INDUSTRY. An official of the State Committee for Defense Industries told Interfax on 11 November that Russia's defense complex had lost 2 million workers since 1992. The official--who preferred to remain anonymous--said the exodus "undermines Russia's defense and economic security." He disclosed that 630,000 had left this year alone, bringing the industry's workforce down to 3.6 million employees. Interfax reported on 13 November that only 10-15 percent of the defense industry's output constituted military goods. The complex also produces all the cameras, 95 percent of the refrigerators, 90 percent of the televisions, VCRs, and tape recorders, and 70 percent of the motor bikes, bicycles, washing machines, and vacuum cleaners made in Russia. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. AFGHAN VETERAN LEADER KILLED IN EXPLOSION. The chairman of the Afghanistan Invalids Fund, Leonid Likhodei, and his bodyguard were killed by an explosive device in Moscow, agencies reported on 11 November. The bomb went off when Likhodei pushed the intercom button in his apartment house; his wife and a second bodyguard were wounded. Moscow commentators have linked Likhodei's death with the fact that his organization has substantial taxation and export licensing privileges. In recent months, there has been a power struggle within Afghan veterans' organizations for leadership of the community. -- Victor Yasmann TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA TAJIK CEASE-FIRE EXTENDED. On the morning of 13 November, Tajik government officials and representatives of the Tajik opposition exchanged prisoners, thereby meeting the main condition that the opposition had placed on a three-month extension of the cease-fire that expired on 6 November, Interfax reported. The exchange of 27 government troops captured by opposition forces for 23 persons designated by the opposition as political prisoners took place in Khorog, the capital of autonomous Gorno-Badakhshan; observers from the International Red Cross and Iran's ambassador to Tajikistan were present at the exchange, which had been agreed on at the latest round of negotiations between the Tajik government and opposition. Seventeen of the political prisoners chose to go to Dushanbe rather than to join opposition groups in Afghanistan or Iran. According to Interfax, seven asked to be sent to Moscow, where some 30,000 Tajik refugees are reported to be living; five elected to go to Khojand in Leninabad Oblast, a region that has not been friendly to the armed opposition; and five chose to go to Garm, an opposition stronghold in the mountains east of Dushanbe. -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. IRAN GRANTED SHARE IN "DEAL OF THE CENTURY." Following talks in Baku on 11 November between Azerbaijani President Heidar Aliev and Iranian Oil Minister Gholamreza Aghazadeh on cooperation in the extraction of oil and gas, on 12 November the Azerbaijan State Oil Company SOCAR signed an agreement granting the Iranian Oil and Gas Ministry 25 percent of Azerbaijan's 20 percent share in the consortium that is to exploit three Caspian offshore oil deposits, Interfax reported. Interfax quoted unnamed Azerbaijani experts as hypothesizing that the decision was due to Azerbaijan's inability to finance its share. Meanwhile, the Azerbaijani People's Assembly, having announced that it would ratify the oil contract on 12 November, postponed doing so until 15 November. In addition, on 11 November Interfax quoted Aliev as denying reports that appeared in the Turkish press at the time of his visit to Ankara at the beginning of November that the decision had been made to export Azerbaijan's oil via a pipeline from Baku to the Turkish Mediterranean port of Ceyhan. -- Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. KARABAKH MEDIATION UPDATE. Following his talks in Baku with Azerbaijani President Aliev, the newly designated acting chairman of the CSCE Minsk group, Anders Biewrner, flew on 11 November to Stepanakert for talks with the leaders of the self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic on the formation of a multinational peacekeeping force and on the exchange of prisoners, Interfax and ITAR-TASS reported. Biewrner then proceeded to Erevan for talks with Armenian President Levon Ter-Petrossyan on 12-13 November, after which he told journalists that consultations between Russia and the Minsk Group had resulted in a joint proposal for extending the existing cease-fire. Biewrner also reiterated that several CSCE member countries had responded positively to the Italian request for peacekeeping troops for Nagorno-Karabakh but that Russia had not yet stated whether it would be prepared to participate in such a force. Biewrner returned from Erevan to Baku on 13 November; from there he is to travel to Moscow. Meanwhile, Interfax cited an unidentified source on 11 November as disclosing that the third round of Russian-mediated talks on the Karabakh conflict that began in Moscow on 9 November had failed to make any progress. -- Liz Fuller CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE BOSNIA UPDATE. International media on 13 November reported that NATO checks of ships destined for the former Yugoslavia were proceeding as before. The same day, a US decision to stop enforcing the embargo went into effect and received mixed reviews from among the international community. Intense fighting in several areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina was reported, with some of the most serious clashes taking place in the area around Bihac, in northwestern Bosnia. Bosnian Serb forces, backed by rebel Serbs from Croatia's Krajina region, have reportedly been rolling back earlier gains made by Bosnian Muslim forces in Bihac. On 12 November, the Bosnian Serb onslaught appeared to be slowing down, but AFP suggested the Bosnian Serbs may need to "refit, rearm and refuel" before renewing their offensive. Bosnian Serb forces resumed heavy shelling the following day, when the UN Security Council met in New York to discuss the situation in the enclave. Borba on 14 November reports that Bosnian Serbs attacked a major hotel in downtown Sarajevo in which the US embassy is being temporarily housed. Peacekeepers were reported to have returned fire. Finally, on 11 November, the self-styled Bosnian Serb parliament voted not to impose martial law on Bosnian Serb-controlled territories. Instead, it authorized Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic to do so when he deems circumstances warrant such a move. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. IS RUSSIA SUPPLYING THE BOSNIAN SERBS? Reuters and the German weekly Der Spiegel on 12 November reported that Russian suppliers have been shipping weapons and ammunition to the Bosnian Serbs in violation of the UN embargo. According to the report, some 4,000 rail cars loaded with Soviet weapons have managed to reach the Bosnian Serb side. It is believed that most, if not all, of the weapons and ammunition belonged to ex-Soviet troops once based in the former East Germany. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. BELGRADE LEANS ON BORBA. A civil tribunal in Belgrade on 13 November sided with the rump Yugoslav authorities in a government-sponsored suit against the independent Belgrade daily Borba. In 1991, Borba had signed an accord with federal authorities establishing the publishing outfit as a limited company. The tribunal's decision in effect declares the accord null and void. The newspaper's management immediately criticized the decision, insisting that the proceedings were politically motivated and part of Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic's plan to further stifle free speech and independent media. Borba director Dusan Mijic told AFP that the tribunal decision showed that "the intention [of the government] is clear: behind the judicial machinations lies a plan to liquidate the independent Borba." -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. POLISH RIGHT-WING PARTIES DEBATE UNION. Polish print media on 12 November reported that representatives of several right-wing parties met two days earlier to discuss forming a new party. The proposal--made by the Center Alliance, whose leader is a veteran Solidarity activist and an opponent of President Lech Walesa--envisages setting up a party at a special congress to be held within two months, adopting democratic internal regulations and a democratic political platform, and not selecting Walesa as the new party's presidential candidate. The proposal also states that none of the current right-wing leaders will be appointed to the leadership of the new party. The meeting was hosted by a local Warsaw Catholic priest but apparently received the tacit approval of Poland's Catholic Primate Cardinal Jozef Glemp, who told Gazeta Wyborcza on 12-13 November that the Poles are in great need of a right wing. No decision on unification was taken at the meeting, but further meetings are scheduled over the next few weeks. -- Jan de Weydenthal, RFE/RL, Inc. CZECH POLICE ARREST, RELEASE FAR-RIGHT POLITICIAN. Czech border police on 11 November arrested the chairman of the extreme-right Republican Party, Miroslav Sladek, on charges of attacking public officials during the commemoration of the founding of Czechoslovakia on 28 October. CTK reports Sladek was arrested as he was attempting to enter Austria with his wife and daughter at the border crossing in Slavonice. His arrest ended a week-long hunt that included live television coverage of police staking out his house. The Republican Party protested the arrest, calling it part of "terrorist attacks" against members of the party. Sladek was released from custody on 12 November. The prosecutor's office said the investigation would continue into charges against Sladek of creating a public disturbance and assaulting a public official. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. CZECH PRIME MINISTER DEFENDS PRIVATIZATION PROGRAM. Vaclav Klaus on 11 November defended the government's privatization program, saying it was very successful, despite a corruption scandal involving the head of the Center for Coupon Privatization. Klaus was responding to comments by US Ambassador to Prague Adrian Basora, who was quoted by Reuters as saying it was important to project a positive government attitude toward solving graft problems and not to try to suggest the system was perfect. Klaus told Czech media that "our process of privatization and our financial markets are rational . . . and a huge success." The US Embassy in Prague said the same day that Basora's statements had been taken out of context and interpreted incorrectly. The ambassador did not want to make any recommendations as to how the Czech government should act, the embassy noted. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. SLOVAK POLITICAL UPDATE. In an interview with Slovak Radio on 11 November, outgoing Premier Jozef Moravcik said many of the decisions made by the parliament during its first two sessions were "unconstitutional." He noted that his cabinet has taken an oath to continue in office until a new government can be formed. Following the interview, the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, which won the recent parliamentary elections, released a statement to TASR claiming that Moravcik and other cabinet ministers are now civil servants and can no longer be considered "constitutional officials." The MDS expressed surprise that Slovak Radio, unlike Slovak Television, continued to broadcast its regular Friday interview with Moravcik, although only officials appointed under the terms of the constitution have the right to allocated air time. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. SLOVAK CABINET URGES MECIAR TO SPEED UP TALKS. Three parties supporting the Moravcik government on 13 November issued a statement to TASR asking the MDS and its coalition partners to form a new cabinet immediately. The declaration followed decisions on 12 November by both the Party of the Democratic Left and the Social Democratic Party of Slovakia to end coalition talks with the MDS. The MDS responded by saying it has never given up its responsibility to form a government. It also noted that the Moravcik cabinet was pressuring the MDS to form a minority cabinet immediately because it has neglected its duties, including the preparation of the 1995 budget. In a televised debate, Meciar said he expected the Christian Democratic Movement and the PDL to change their minds on joining a coalition following local elections, which are scheduled for 18-19 November. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. NATO DEPUTY SECRETARY-GENERAL IN HUNGARY. Sergio Balanzino held talks in Budapest on 10-11 November with Defense Minister Gyorgy Keleti, Foreign Minister Laszlo Kovacs, Parliament Speaker Zoltan Gal, and parliament Defense Committee Chairman Imre Mecs, MTI reported. The Hungarian officials stressed their country's determination to gain NATO membership as soon as possible. Balanzino commented that Hungary's prospects of joining NATO were "very positive." Keleti announced that Hungary would participate in a peacekeeping exercise in Italy in 1995 and hold a similar joint maneuver with the US in Hungary the following year. He also noted that the training of Hungary's first peacekeeping company had been completed. The government is to work out by year's end the financial requirements for the army's peacekeeping program, which will cost 493 million forint and will be financed from a separate item in the state budget. -- Alfred Reisch, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNGARIAN MILITARY PERSONNEL INDICTED IN 1956 MASS SHOOTING. The Budapest military prosecutor's office on 11 November completed the indictment of retired border guard Colonel Istvan Dudas and three former rank-and-file border guards for crimes against humanity. According to MTI, on 26 October 1956 Dudas, then commander of the border guard barracks of Mosonmagyarovar, western Hungary, ordered his soldiers to fire on a crowd of peaceful demonstrators. Fifty people died and a large number were wounded in the shooting. The trial will take place at the military division of the Budapest Municipal Court. -- Alfred Reisch, RFE/RL, Inc. NEW RESTRICTIONS ON ROMANIAN VISITORS TO THE CZECH REPUBLIC. Radio Bucharest reports that new requirements for Romanian citizens traveling to the Czech Republic are to take effect on 14 November. The Czech embassy in Bucharest issued a statement saying Romanian visitors--for business or tourism--must have a written invitation. This has to be confirmed by the Czech police, which will charge a 200 koruny ($7.5) fee. Children are not exempt from the charge. -- Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIAN PRESIDENT IN BULGARIA. Ion Iliescu on 12 November visited Bulgaria for talks with his Bulgarian counterpart, Zhelyu Zhelev. He was accompanied by Prime Minister Nicolae Vacaroiu and Transport Minister Aurel Novac. Radio Bucharest reports that the talks focused on promoting bilateral relations--especially through improved transportation and communication links. Romania wants two new transport routes through the Balkans (from Central Europe to Turkey, Greece, and Albania) to replace those traversing the former Yugoslavia. After their meeting, both Iliescu and Zhelev expressed concern over the US decision to stop enforcing the UN arms embargo against the rump Yugoslavia as it applies to the Muslim-led Bosnian government. They also stressed that their countries intended to cooperate on integration into European-Atlantic structures. -- Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. BULGARIAN AND KYRGYZ PRESIDENTS SIGN TREATY. ITAR-TASS on 13 November reported that Bulgarian President Zhelyu Zhelev met with his Kyrgyz counterpart, Askar Akayev, to sign a treaty of friendship and cooperation in Sofia the same day. In addition, they put their signatures to a series of bilateral accords on trade, culture, and science. Part of their discussion focused on the US decision to stop enforcing the arms embargo against Bosnia. Zhelev said the decision could lead to an escalation of the fighting, while Akayev suggested that the embargo be lifted against all warring parties. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. BUSH IN ALBANIA. International media on 12 November reported that former US President George Bush arrived in Tirana the same day for a 24-hour visit. Bush was greeted by Albanian President Sali Berisha and awarded the country's highest order. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. OPINION POLL ON UKRAINIAN POLITICAL PARTIES. UNIAN on 11 November reported that an opinion poll conducted in Kiev showed that 82 percent of respondents said they did not support any party in particular and would not vote in elections. The most popular parties were Rukh, the Democratic Party of Ukraine, and the Communist Party of Ukraine--each with a mere 3 percent. One percent of those polled said they would vote for the Socialist Party of Ukraine. The Party of Greens of Ukraine also received 1 percent of the vote. Both the Ukrainian Republican Party and the Party of Democratic Revival of Ukraine were supported by 0.5 percent, while 6 percent of those polled named other parties or blocs. In past elections, Kiev has distinguished itself as more politically apathetic than any other city or region in Ukraine. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. LUKASHENKA SAYS BELARUSIAN ECONOMY IN STATE OF EMERGENCY. International agencies reported that Belarusian President Alyaksandr Lukashenka cut short his convalescence in Sochi and returned to Minsk on 11 November to deal with a state of emergency resulting from price increases of 50-200 percent since the beginning of the month. In a televised address on 12 November, Lukashenka accused politicians, businessmen, and journalists of seeking to undermine him and said he would arrest or dismiss anyone who opposed him. He singled out Prime Minister Mikhail Chyhir and Chairman of the National Bank of Belarus Stanislau Bahdankevich, charging that they had ignored his orders to keep inflation down. The president said prices must return to 1 November levels within two days and said he was placing the KGB and Interior Ministry under his control. Lukashenka blamed Belarus's dependence on Russia for the country's economic problems and noted it was forcing him to find a political solution to the economic crisis. An emergency government session was held the same day. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. BALTIC ASSEMBLY IN VILNIUS. The fifth session of the Baltic Assembly on 13 November concluded its work by adopting 17 documents, Radio Lithuania reports. One resolution called on the Baltic Council of Ministers to prepare and sign as soon as possible a defense treaty. Another urged the demilitarization of the Kaliningrad Region as "an essential element in the process leading to the security of Central Europe and of Europe in general." Prime Ministers Adolfas Slezevicius (Lithuania), Maris Gailis (Latvia), and Andres Tarand (Estonia) on 12 November addressed the 170 delegates to the session. Slezevicius said the Baltic States must aim to become associate members of the European Union in the first half of 1995 and full members before 2000. Maris Budovskis of Latvia was elected chairman of the Presidium, since the sixth session will be held in Riga in May 1995. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. PRIME MINISTER ON LITHUANIAN ECONOMY. At a press conference on 10 November, Adolfas Slezevicius said that while government income increased significantly in October, only 92 percent of projected revenues were expected to be collected, RFE/RL's Lithuanian Service reports. He estimated that Lithuania's gross domestic product would increase by 5 percent in 1995 . He also affirmed that there would be no change in the decision to peg the litas to the US dollar at a rate of 4:1. Lithuania's hard-currency reserves had been increasing by $20-25 million a month and now exceeded $600 million. Slezevicius said credits obtained from the IMF for a litas stabilization fund were no longer needed and would be returned to save on interest payments. He also noted that the talks on financing the construction of the oil terminal at Butinge had begun that day in Vilnius and that foreign investors would be allowed to purchase only 49 percent of shares in that company. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. TALLINN-STOCKHOLM FERRY SERVICE RESUMED. The regular ferry service between Tallinn and Stockholm was restored on 11 November, Western agencies report. The service had been disrupted by the sinking on 28 September of the ferry "Estonia," with the loss of more than 900 lives. Swedish parliament chairman Birgitta Dahl and Estonian parliament deputy chairman Edgar Savisaar sailed on the replacement ferry "Mare Balticum," which stopped at the site where the "Estonia" sank. Wreathes and flowers were cast into the sea. On 14 November, the Finnish icebreaker "Nordica," assisted by the Swedish minelayer "Furusand," plans to raise the 55-ton ferry door of the "Estonia" to help determine why it broke off, causing the ship to sink. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. COUNCIL OF EUROPE TO CONSIDER LATVIA'S MEMBERSHIP IN JANUARY. Latvia's admission to the Council of Europe is to be included on the agenda of the meeting scheduled for 31 January of the council's Parliamentary Assembly, deputy speaker of the Estonian parliament Tunne Kelam told BNS on 11 November after returning from meetings in Strasbourg of the assembly's leading bodies. Kelam, who is also vice president of the assembly, said "it seems there are no more problems about Latvia's admission to the Council of Europe." The PA's leading committees--the political, nonmembers, and joint committee--approved Latvia's admission in October. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] (Compiled by Jan Cleave and Penny Morvant) The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU Inquiries about specific news items should be directed as follows (please include your full postal address when inquiring about subscriptions): Mr. Brian Reed RFE/RL, Inc. 1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 Fax: (202) 457-6992 Internet: REEDB@RFERL.ORG Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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