|A man should never be ashamed to own he has been in the wrong, which is but saying, in other words, that he is wiser today than he was yesterday. - Jonathan Swift|
No. 213, 9 November 1994
RUSSIA MILITARY CORRUPTION HEARINGS TO START SOON. Sergei Yushenkov, head of the State Duma's Defense Committee, told Interfax on 8 November that the parliamentary hearings into corruption charges against former members of the Russian group of forces in Germany would start on 17 November. He said the hearings in this first stage would be closed, and would examine sensitive papers from such sources as the defense ministry, the prosecutor general's office, and the counterintelligence service. Yushenkov, who belongs to the Russia's Choice political faction, said that a second stage of the hearings would be open and would start later in November or early in December. Viktor Ilyukhin, a Communist who heads the national security committee, was pessimistic about the hearings. He claimed that the acting prosecutor general, Alexei Ilyushenko, could hardly turn up any new evidence because it might point the finger at some of his old colleagues. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. AIR FORCE GENERAL TO GO ON TRIAL. Prosecutors are not waiting for the hearings on corruption to end before dealing with one high-ranking officer who served in Germany. Major General Nikolai Seliverstov, former first deputy commander of the air forces of the Western Group of Forces, is to go on trial 22 November for theft. Interfax on 8 November reported that Seliverstov would be tried by the military board of the Russian Supreme Court. He is accused of the theft of state funds totalling 64,100 German marks (about $42,700) and of accepting 20,000 marks (about $13,300) in bribes. He also is charged with lying while concluding agreements with German commercial and public organizations. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. THE STRUGGLE FOR THE DEFENSE MINISTRY. The investigation into corruption charges involving suspended Deputy Defense Minister Matvei Burlakov and directly affecting Defense Minister Pavel Grachev's fate, appears to be having a difficult start. The Military Prosecutor's Office, which is investigating corruption in the former Western Group of Forces under Burlakov's command, told Interfax on 8 November that Burlakov is not on the list of suspects in the four cases under study; and that the investigation there would take some months to complete. The General Prosecutor's Office, which also investigates some cases related to the Western Group of Forces, withheld all information from Interfax. Meanwhile Moskovskie novosti no. 52, 6 November, cites both supporters and opponents of Grachev in the defense ministry's hierarchy as expressing concern over the rise of Lt.-General Aleksandr Lebed, commander of Russia's 14th Army in Moldova, to the stature of a symbolic figure of the junior officer corps and even "informal leader of the military." With Grachev under pressure from conservative potential candidates to his post (8 November Daily Report), the radical-reformist groups Military for Democracy, Army and Society, Live Circle, and Shield came out in the liberal Obshchaya Gazeta no. 44, 10 November, with their own appeal to Yeltsin to dismiss Grachev on the ground that he "lacks society's trust" and that Yeltsin "can count on the support of other forces" than the conservative military establishment. The chairman of the Duma's Defense Committee, Sergei Yushenkov (of the liberal Russia's Choice), for his part broadened the existing list of potential candidates to replace Grachev by including the civilian Deputy Defense Minister Andrei Kokoshin; the Border Guard Commander, Col.-General Andrei Nikolaev; Marshal Evgenii Shaposhnikov, who currently holds a top post in the arms industry; and the Strategic Rocket Forces Commander, Col.-General Igor Sergeev. Yushenkov ruled out Lebed's candidacy on the ground that he had not yet commanded a military district, Interfax reported on 2 November. Yushenkov's resort to a procedural objection instead of raising the issue of military discipline illustrates the reluctance of Lebed's opponents to challenge him directly. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. MILITARY OPINION SURVEY. German and Russian media have in recent days cited data from a survey of political views among senior Russian officers, commissioned by the German Social-Democrat Party's Friedrich Ebert Foundation and carried out by Russian military sociologists on a sample of 615 officers between Lt.-Colonel and Col.-General rank. Of those polled, 49 percent named Latvia as Russia's "main enemy," followed by Afghanistan, Lithuania, Estonia, and the US, in that order. NATO's Partnership for Peace program was deemed "unimportant" by 58 percent in the sample. The economic reformer Grigorii Yavlinsky led the list of the most trusted politicians, followed in order by the nationalist flimmaker Stanislav Govorukhin, a Duma deputy of Nikolai Travkin's "centrist" Democratic Party of Russia, Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin, Communist Party leader Gennadii Zyuganov, former Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi, and President Boris Yeltsin with a score of only 27 percent. Lebed, Col.-General Boris Gromov, and the late Marshal Georgii Zhukov led the list of "model contemporary military figures," but with only 9 percent each. Confidence in Grachev was reported to be extremely low among the respondents. Grachev told Russian Independent TV on 6 November that "the foreigners, the Germans, who carried out the survey must not be believed 100 percent" and that "we have enough literate sociologists in Russia who can conduct any survey no worse than the Germans." -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. NEW ECONOMICS MINISTER TO WORK ON STABILIZING THE ECONOMY. Yevgeny Yasin, appointed economics minister 8 November, said in an interview that his main priorities are stabilizing the economy and promoting domestic and foreign investment, Reuters reported 8 November. Yasin said he supports the government's 1995 draft budget and agrees with its premise of not allowing central bank credits to cover the deficit. ITAR-TASS quoted Yasin as saying the government should financially support the space and aviation industries because they are the most competitive on world markets. He also said he did not expect to play a role in foreign debt negotiations, which were the responsibility of his predecessor Vladimir Shokhin. -- Pete Baumgartner, RFE/RL, Inc. ZHIRINOVSKY TELLS AMERICANS THAT MILITARY A THREAT IN RUSSIA. Speaking in San Francisco on 7 November, Vladimir Zhirinovsky told the civic forum that military rule was quite possible in Russia, agencies reported. At an earlier press conference he said that the military was "at the very edge of making some major decision, maybe some decisive action." Zhirinovsky, the leader of the Liberal Democratic Party, called for early presidential elections in Russia, saying that the government was afraid of the elections and would do all it could to stop them. "They will try to use force against the citizens, which will definitely bring about a civil war and perhaps the increase of border conflicts with other countries," he said.. Zhirinovsky claimed that reports saying he favored reconstituting the USSR were "propaganda." He also said that his party was fighting anti-semitism rather than supporting it. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. MORE DEFENSE WORKERS GO ON STRIKE. Interfax on 8 November said that the 6,000 workers at the defense ministry's "Geofizika" research and production association in Moscow would start a three-day warning strike the next day. The workers had not been paid for four months and were also unhappy with their working conditions. A union leader said that the association's clients were behind in their payments and as a result, the association could neither pay its workers nor its electricity bills. Consequently, with the onset of cold weather, temperatures in the association's facilities have plummeted. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIAN NAVY CHIEF IN CHINA. The Hong Kong Eastern Express reported on 8 November that Admiral Feliks Gromov, the commander of the Russian Navy, had agreed during a recent visit to China to expand training and technology exchanges between the Russian and Chinese navies. The paper quoted Gromov as saying the aim of his five-day visit was "to get to know China's navy and discuss issues of military-technical cooperation between the two sides." He also said that China had accepted Russia's offer to train officers and crews of Chinese naval vessels. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA RAKHMONOV ON HIS ELECTION. Tajikistan's President-elect Imomali Rakhmonov told Interfax on 8 November that he does not intend to alter the political course that he followed as head of state prior to the 6 November election (the restoration of the presidency was approved the same day in a referendum on a new constitution). He cited as his top priorities the development of even closer ties with Russia, Uzbekistan and other CIS states and gaining Russian acquiescence to Tajikistan's membership in the ruble zone. Rakhmonov, whose election has been rejected by the Tajik opposition, asserted that his administration would continue to seek dialog with the opposition in order to end fighting between government and opposition forces. Although political observers in some parts of the country had expressed doubts that voting levels would be high because the two candidates represented only their own home regions, Rakhmonov expressed satisfaction in the high voter turnout in all parts of Tajikistan. -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. NIYAZOV RESTORES PEOPLE'S CONTROL. Turkmen President Saparmurad Niyazov is restoring the Soviet-era People's Control Committee and entrusting it to Aleksandr Dodonov, who served as Second Secretary of the Communist Party of Turkmenistan when Niyazov was the first secretary in the late 1980s, Niyazov's press secretary told Interfax on 8 November. The restored agency is to ensure that laws adopted by parliament and the president's decrees are implemented and enforced. The ultimate objective, according to the press secretary, is to enforce discipline and order within Turkmenistan. The first target of its efforts is to be the Ministry of Agriculture and Food. -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. CIS RUSSIA INSISTS ON SHARING OTHER CASPIAN STATES' RESOURCES. A senior official of Russia's Foreign Ministry told Interfax on 8 November that Russia, Iran, and Turkmenistan are exploring the possibility of signing a tripartite agreement to develop oil deposits near Turkmenistan's shore. While extolling the multilateral approach, however, the official took issue with "what the Turkmen imply by their 'zone,' as Russia is opposed to dividing the Caspian region into any national zones." Insisting that the concepts of territorial waters and shelf do not apply to the Caspian Sea, the official also reaffirmed Russia's objections to Azerbaijan's recent oil contract with an international consortium: "we are against involving third states in various activities in the Caspian region without consent from all coastal states." Meanwhile, The Independent excerpted on 3 November a leaked letter to Viktor Chernomyrdin from Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev, proposing economic sanctions on Azerbaijan if it does not back down from the contract. Kozyrev's letter also confirms that Russia works with Iran in resisting Azerbaijan's deal with the consortium. The foreign ministry's legal department chief Aleksandr Khodakov confirmed the authenticity of the document but described it as a draft. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE FOUR KILLED IN SARAJEVO. International media reported on 8 November that sniper and mortar fire killed three children and a woman in the Bosnian capital, the worst daily casualty figures there since an uneasy truce came into force in February. UNPROFOR spokesmen said they believed that the Serb side was responsible and was firing in retaliation for the government offensive to the north and south of Sarajevo. The Bosnian Serb assembly meets on 9 November to decide on an army call for the imposition of martial law. The move would have limited impact, since Bosnian Serb society has effectively been engaged in total war for over two years, and some observers suggest that such decrees could even contribute to further demoralization. Borba on 9 November reports from Serb-controlled territory in western Bosnia that a special court-martial has begun work there to punish scapegoats for the recent defeats of the Bosnian Serb army. -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. UN SEEKS EXTRADITION OF SUSPECTED WAR CRIMINAL. The UN tribunal dealing with war crimes in the former Yugoslavia announced on 8 November that it has asked Germany to extradite Dusko Tadic, who was arrested there in February. He is a Serb former concentration guard accused of killing and torturing mainly Croat and Muslim prisoners in connection with the "ethnic cleansing" of the Prijedor region in 1992, and it was the testimonies of some of his former victims that led to his arrest. Germany has indicated that it will indeed extradite Tadic, who himself says he wants to clear himself before the court. RFE/RL's South Slavic Service reported concern in Croatia and elsewhere that only relatively insignificant persons like Tadic will be brought before the Hague tribunal, leaving the bigger fish to go free. The Society for Threatened Peoples called specifically for Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic, and Bosnian Serb commander Ratko Mladic to be tried as "chief war criminals." Serbia, however, refuses to support the tribunal, although Switzerland says it may change its laws to allow extradition of suspects. -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. ROW OVER MILITARY CONTINUES IN POLAND. President Lech Walesa's spokesman told a local radio station in Warsaw on 8 November that the president refuses to meet with Defense Minister Piotr Kolodziejczyk to discuss problems of the military. A month ago the president requested Kolodziejczyk's resignation but the minister, with considerable support from the parliament and tacit encouragement from the prime minister's office, failed to heed Walesa's request. Ever since a tug of war between Walesa and Kolodziejczyk has continued unabated, with the president rejecting Kolodziejczyk's candidates for military promotions (only the minister has the right to suggest candidates) and the minister ignoring constitutionally guaranteed presidential prerogatives of supervision over the military. Walesa's office has prepared legislation that would give the president full command prerogatives over the military, but Sejm deputies have prepared their own proposals that would give these prerogatives to the minister and limit presidential control. -- Jan de Weydenthal, RFE/RL, Inc. CZECH CORRUPTION SCANDAL: AN UPDATE. An official of the Czech Bureau of Investigation confirmed on 8 November that the dairy factory in the town of Klatovy was in the center of the corruption scandal that led to the arrest of Jaroslav Lizner, the director of the Center for Coupon Privatization, on 31 October. Lizner was charged with accepting a payment of some 8 million koruny to ensure awarding of shares. The Czech investigative weekly Respekt had previously reported that the firm that bribed Lizner was Trans World International and that it was interested in gaining the Klatovy dairy factory's shares. The official of the Bureau of Investigation said that Lizner remains the only person charged with breaking the law but that the investigation is likely to go on for months. Meanwhile, National Property Fund Chairman and Deputy Privatization Minister Roman Ceska asked for the dismissal of an investigator involved in the Lizner corruption scandal after the investigator indirectly accused Ceska of wrongdoing. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. SLOVAK PEN CLUB PROTESTS. In a statement given to the media on 8 November in Prague, representatives of the Slovak section of the International Writers' Organization (PEN), protested against the dismissal of the Slovak Radio and Television boards. The statement expressed fears that freedom of speech is being infringed upon in Slovakia and that the election only of representatives of the new parliamentary majority to the boards is a clear violation of the principle of independence of media. During the initial sessions of the new parliament, Vladimir Meciar's Movement for a Democratic Slovakia and its allies replaced a large number of officials in various institutions, including broadcasting boards, with their own followers, gaining control over those institutions. The PEN Club also expressed alarm over the selection of Dusan Slobodnik as chairman of the parliament's foreign affairs committee and said this casts a shadow over the name of Slovakia abroad. Slobodnik has been embroiled in a controversy over his activities during World War II. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. SLOVAK PARLIAMENT'S CONTROVERSIAL DECISIONS. The parliament's moves during its first two sessions have sparked protest from home and abroad. Especially controversial was the decision to cancel all direct sale privatization projects since 6 September. According to reports in the Journal of Commerce and Reuters on 8 November, between 38 and 55 privatization projects valued at up to 4.5 billion koruny ($145 million) could be canceled, and three of the firms sold involved direct foreign investment. One French investor said that retroactive cancellation of sales would break international law. Concerning the changes in Slovak TV and Radio, on 8 November Lubomir Lintner, spokesman for the government of outgoing Premier Jozef Moravcik, accused the MDS of being behind the removal of a TV editor whom the party had accused of bias in reporting on the events in the parliament. Lintner criticized the cancellation of a scheduled TV appearance by Moravcik on 8 November, as well as the elimination of the TV program Pressclub. On 8 November parliament chairman and MDS member Ivan Gasparovic spoke on Slovak TV, rejecting criticism that the first two parliament sessions were undemocratic and reassuring the Slovak public that all steps taken were "in compliance with the constitution." He said the measures were undertaken for the sake of stability, order and respect for the law. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNGARIAN PARLIAMENT RENOUNCES 1996 EXPO RIGHTS. On 8 November, the Hungarian parliament voted to renounce Hungary's right to hold the 1996 World Fair Expo in Budapest by a margin of 232 to 94, with six abstentions, MTI reports. The parliamentary opposition almost unanimously rejected the cancellation, while the government argued that holding the Expo would not bring in extra foreign investment and would cost the taxpayers money. In October, the Speaker of the House was presented with some 120,000 signatures calling for a referendum to decide if the Expo should be held. Recent surveys show that a majority of Hungarians still favor holding the fair in Budapest. -- Judith Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc. TINCA COMPLAINS OF WESTERN BIAS. Romanian Defense Minister Gheorghe Tinca said on 8 November that the West is discriminating among the emerging democracies of East Central Europe in terms of cooperation and security. He said some of the former Communist countries are receiving more military aid than others, and this could result in a dangerous military imbalance in the East. Tinca addressed the second day of a symposium in which a delegation from the Western European Union is also participating. He did not say which countries are the victims of discrimination, but the RFE/RL Bucharest correspondent said Romanian officials have often criticized what they perceive as a Western preference for Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. BUCHAREST RALLY MARKS 1945 DEMONSTRATION. About 5,000 persons demonstrated in Bucharest on 8 November to mark a 1945 anti-communist rally when several people were shot dead by pro-communist snipers, an RFE/RL correspondent in Bucharest reported. The demonstration was called by the student organization of the opposition National Peasant Party Christian Democratic. Romanian television reported that the participants listened to a recorded message sent by Romania's former monarch, King Michael. Criticizing the government's policies and emphasizing the need for a united opposition, speakers said the former king's return to Romania was the sole solution for coping with the country's problems. -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIAN PATRIARCH ON HOMOSEXUALITY. The head of the Romanian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Teoctist, called on the parliament to reverse its decision to ease laws against homosexuality, Reuters reported on 7 November. The same day Radio Bucharest said the patriarch had protested against the airing of "proselyte, anti-Orthodox and implicitly anti-national" broadcasts on Romanian television. In his petition to the parliament, Teoctist said the deputies should reconsider last week's vote. At the insistence of international organizations, the Chamber of Deputies banned only those homosexual acts that take place in public and disturb public order, while the Senate also voted to ban homosexual acts that cause a public scandal. Teoctist said it was not necessary for Romania to abandon its values in order to integrate with West European standards and institutions and that the country should maintain the old formulations in the Penal Code, which made any homosexual act a crime punishable by imprisonment. An RFE/RL correspondent in Bucharest reported on 7 November that a group of more than 100 theology students began a series of demonstrations outside the parliament building, demanding that homosexuals be prohibited from operating bars and magazines and spreading what they called "homosexual propaganda." -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIA FINANCING IRREDENTIST MOLDOVAN PAPERS. Romanian Senator Adrian Paunescu, a leader of the Socialist Labor Party (allied to the ruling Party of Social Democracy) and chairman of the Senate's Cultural Commission, told a pan-Romanian congress that two leading pro-Romanian weeklies in Chisinau, Literatura si Arta and Glasul Natiunii, receive a regular allocation from the Romanian state budget, Moldova Suverana reported on 29 October. The subsidies amounted to 100 million Romanian lei (approximately $60,000) for the first 6 months of 1994. The two weeklies once enjoyed mass circulation as leading organs of the Moldovan national movement, but circulation sank after they embraced an openly pro-Romanian platform. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. BOUTROS GHALI CONDEMNS "SEPARATISM" IN MOLDOVA. On an official visit to Moldova, UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali told the parliament in an address on 4 November that "separatist trends" are of general concern as they may cause an "explosion of the international system." He stressed that the independence and territorial integrity of states, inviolability of their borders, and inadmissibility of seizing territory by force are basic principles of the UN. Welcoming Moldova's democratization and economic reforms, Boutros-Ghali expressed satisfaction with its "significant efforts toward compromise on all outstanding issues" and its offers of autonomy to Transdniester and the Gagauz. Moldovan, Russian, and Western media reported the visit. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. UKRAINE, MOLDOVA RENOUNCE MUTUAL TERRITORIAL CLAIMS. Ukrainian and Moldovan delegates signed in Kiev a cooperation agreement on issues relating to their common border, the Ukrainian agency UNIAN reported on 4 November. The agreement stipulates inter alia that the sides renounce any territorial claims against each other. The provision is important given that former Moldovan territories in northern Bukovina and northern and southern Bessarabia became part of Ukraine during World War II. Both before and after Moldova became independent of the USSR it had been thought possible that it would claim those territories, but this has not happened. Romania for its part has advanced claims to the same territories. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. UKRAINIAN OFFICIAL ON EU AID REFUSAL. Ukrainian Deputy Economy Minister Anatoly Danilenko has expressed concern over the European Union's refusal to give Ukraine financial aid, saying it was vital for Kiev's reform efforts. Danilenko told AFP that the aid is urgently needed at the moment to help push reform programs through Ukraine's parliament. He said reform opponents in parliament are seeking to use any obstacle to stall President Leonid Kuchma's reforms. On 7 November, EU finance ministers refused to approve a loan of some $100 million for Ukraine. They said they hoped to agree on some sort of economic aid to Ukraine before the end of the year. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. BULGARIAN MUNITIONS WORKERS ON STRIKE. Thousands of workers at a large munitions factory in the town of Sopot went on strike on 8 November demanding higher wages and better working conditions. A spokeswoman for Bulgaria's Confederation of Independent Trade Unions told Reuters that 90 percent of the 12,500 workers at the plant joined the protest. She said the workers were demanding an increase in the minimum wage in line with inflation. Workers at the plant staged a similar strike in May; over 100 of them went on trial on 8 November on charges connected with the May protest. They are accused of not respecting the legal terms of labor negotiations and denying other employees access to the workplace. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. ALBANIAN UPDATE. AFP reported on 8 November that Greek Foreign Minister Karolos Papoulias has called on Tirana for a new dialogue. He also said it would be premature to suggest how the apparent defeat of the Albanian draft constitution would affect the strained relations between the two countries, but nonetheless added that a sound defeat for the document probably would help ease tensions. Greece and Albania's Greek minority, which appears to have voted overwhelmingly against the constitution, objected to a clause that would require religious leaders to be Albanian citizens. They saw this as an affront because the present head of the Orthodox Church has a Greek passport. Elsewhere, the 6 November issue of the Athens-based Balkan News weekly reports that the last of German toxic pesticides have left Durres for Germany. The decomposing chemicals were sent to Albania two years ago as part of an EU aid program, but quickly turned into an environmental and medical scandal. The chairman of the Albanian Environmental Committee said that the chemical stew contained the equivalent of 150 grams of poison for every one of Albania's three million people. -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. ESTONIAN GOVERNMENT SWORN IN. On 8 November members of the new Estonian cabinet, led by Premier Andres Tarand, were sworn into office, BNS reported. Most members of the cabinet of former Premier Mart Laar were retained by Tarand; only the interior, justice, agriculture, and environmental ministers were replaced. The only existing vacancy in the cabinet was also filled as Estonian President Lennart Meri endorsed Eiki Nestor as minister without portfolio. Tarand told reporters that Nestor would be responsible for the new government's regional policy. At its first meeting, the cabinet approved a free trade agreement with the European Union. The new government is expected to function until the next parliamentary elections, scheduled for March 1995. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. KING OF SWEDEN VISITS LATVIA. At the invitation of Latvia's President Guntis Ulmanis, on 8 November King Carl XVI Gustav of Sweden opened the Stockholm School of Economics in Riga, Diena reported. Sponsored by the Swedish government, the Soros Foundation, and the Latvian Ministry of Education and Science, the new university is expected to become financially independent in a few years. Each year up to 100 students from Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania will be admitted for study there; this semester 56 students have passed the admissions tests. After the ceremonies, the king met with Ulmanis and other Latvian leaders to discuss bilateral relations. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. INVESTIGATION OF LITHUANIAN BRIDGE BOMBING. On 8 November Lithuanian Prosecutor General Arturas Paulauskas presented the parliament with information on the damage resulting from the railroad bridge bombing on 6 November, Radio Lithuania reports. Suggestions in the press have tied the bombing to military transit to Kaliningrad, blaming either Russian special forces or local right-wing extremists; to the marking of the 77th anniversary of the Bolshevik revolution; or to mafia dissatisfaction with the soon to be completed murder trial of journalist Vitas Lingys. Investigators are also examining whether a minor bomb explosion on 4 October on the same railroad line near Kazlu Ruda may have been a practice exercise, BNS reported on 8 November. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. LITHUANIAN DELEGATION TO NATO HEADQUARTERS. On 7 November an eight-member Seimas delegation, headed by Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Kazimieras Bobelis, began a four-day visit to Brussels. Meeting with high political and military officials at NATO headquarters on 8 November, talks were held on the political and security situation in Europe and the Baltic region, Radio Lithuania reported on 9 November. Bobelis said the discussions should help Lithuania reach its aim to join NATO. The delegation will also visit the coordination center of the Partnership for Peace program. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] (Compiled by Sharon Fisher and Pete Baumgartner) The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU Inquiries about specific news items should be directed as follows (please include your full postal address when inquiring about subscriptions): Mr. Brian Reed RFE/RL, Inc. 1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 Fax: (202) 457-6992 Internet: REEDB@RFERL.ORG Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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