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No. 211, 7 November 1994
RUSSIA YELTSIN APPOINTS CHUBAIS AND PANSKOV TO KEY ECONOMIC POSTS. Russian President Boris Yeltsin named radical reformer Anatoly Chubais as first deputy Prime Minister, agencies reported on 5 November. Chubais will be responsible for several economic agencies, including the ministries of economics, finance and foreign trade. On 6 November Chubais told Russian television that his main goal will be the adoption and implementation of the austerity budget proposed by Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin. Chubais' promotion was preceded by that of Vladimir Panskov to the post of minister of finance. Panskov, an old-school Soviet bureaucrat, served as first deputy to the Soviet minister of finance, Valentin Pavlov, from 1987 to 1990. In February 1993 Panskov was arrested on charges of bribe-taking, but was later released by the prosecution. -- Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. DUMA ADOPTS CONTROVERSIAL BUDGET LEGISLATION. ITAR-TASS reported on 6 November that President Yeltsin has signed legislation linking the adoption of the state budget in the Duma with the resignation of the government. According to the legislation, if the Duma rejects the budget proposed by the prime minister, the resignation of the government is to follow. Earlier, Yeltsin vetoed the legislation, but the Duma, resorting to Constitutional provisions, has managed to overrule the president by a two-thirds vote. Yeltsin, however, in a letter dispatched to the Duma, has said that he would not consider or care to accept the resignation of the Chernomyrdin government. -- Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. SHOKHIN RESIGNS. On 5 November Russian television reported that President Yeltsin had accepted the resignation of Economics Minister Aleksander Shokhin. Shokhin said he resigned bec ause he was not consulted prior to the appointment of the new finance minister, Vladimir Panskov. Two of Yeltsin's top economic advisers, Aleksandr Lifshits and Yakov Urinson, are touted as possible successors to Shokhin. -- Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. SECOND DUMA DEPUTY KILLED THIS YEAR. ITAR-TASS reported on 6 November that communist state Duma deputy Valetin Martemyanov died from a severe beating by unknown thugs. Martemyanov was attacked and robbed near his house on 1 November. State Duma Chairman Ivan Rybkin and Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin expressed their condolences to Martemyanov's family and to the communist faction in the Duma. In April, Andrei Aizderdsis, deputy from the Duma faction New Regional Policy, was killed near his house. -- Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. SIGNS OF A TENTATIVE RUSSIAN-TURKISH RAPPROCHEMENT? Meeting in Moscow on 4 November with Turkey's first deputy foreign minister, Ozdem Sanberk, Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev endorsed Turkish Prime Minister Tansu Ciller's call for closer Russian-Turkish cooperation in the interests of reducing mutual misunderstanding and of strengthening stability in the Middle East, ITAR-TASS reported. In a joint statement released after Sanberk's talks with Russian first deputy foreign minister Igor Ivanov, also on 4 November, the two sides called for "an adequate response" by the UN Security Council to Iraq's "constructive cooperation" with the UN Security Council Special Commission and suggested that this could pave the way for lifting the embargo against Baghdad, Interfax reported. -- Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. PAPERS LASH U.S. OVER SUBMARINE INCIDENT. On 5 November two Russian dailies criticized the United States over the incident three days earlier when what the Russians claim was an American submarine was discovered off the Kola inlet. After praising the skill of the crew of the Russian diesel-powered submarine that found the intruder, the military paper Krasnaya zvezda claimed that the Americans had been intruding Russian waters with impunity while Russian submarines had avoided areas where America had interests, because "partners must be respected." It then appealed for a higher defense budget to better protect all Russians "from uninvited guests from underwater." Rossiyskaya gazeta likewise said that it had become a bad tradition for foreign submarines to encroach on Russia's waters, and warned that the Russian Navy, despite its current difficulties, "remains a fierce threat, and any provocation against it is liable to result in simply unpredictable consequences." -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIAN COMPANY OFFERS ANTI-STEALTH RADAR. The British defense journal Despatches on 2 November reported that a Russian company, Nitel, was selling two air defense radar systems supposedly able to detect stealth aircraft. The systems work in the Very High Frequency (VHF) band, a radar technology largely abandoned in the West after World War II as higher frequencies became available. Russian scientists, however, continued to experiment with VHF radar. The report said Syria and India would be the likely buyers. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. KEELER ADMITS BEING A SOVIET SPY. Christine Keeler, the call-girl who brought about the disgrace of a senior British minister in 1963, has admitted to being a Soviet spy. Keeler, then nineteen, was having an affair with War Minister John Profumo at the same time she was involved with a Soviet naval attache. Profumo was forced to resign after was found to have lied to parliament about his relationship with Keeler, but Keeler always denied she was a spy. In the issue of the British celebrity magazine OK published on 4 November, Keeler admits that she and a friend were "delivering stuff to the Russian embassy, but I really didn't know what I was doing." -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA EXPLOSIONS, INTIMIDATION ON EVE OF TAJIK ELECTIONS. Security measures were intensified on 5 November after four bombs exploded in Dushanbe the previous day, injuring two people, Russian and Western agencies reported. The Tajik opposition disclaimed responsibility. Tajik ambassador to Russia Abdumalik Abdullodzhanov, alternative presidential candidate to Prime Minister Imomali Rakhmonov, was detained for several hours at Dushanbe airport on 4 November, according to Interfax. The exchange of 27 political prisoners held by the Tajik government for 27 prisoners of war held by the opposition, on which an extension of the existing cease-fire for a further three months is contingent, failed to take place as scheduled on 5 November as no opposition representatives showed up, AFP reported on 6 November. The Russian Foreign Ministry promptly issued a statement, carried by ITAR-TASS on 6 November, condemning the opposition's "clear and flagrant violation" of the agreements signed in Islamabad on 1 November. -- Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. RAKHMONOV ELECTED PRESIDENT. Despite the opposition boycott, some 90 percent of the Tajik electorate participated in the 6 November presidential election and referendum on a new constitution, Russian and Western agencies reported. Quoting preliminary results, ITAR-TASS reported on 7 November that Prime Minister Imomali Rakhmonov had received some 60 percent of the votes. There were no violent incidents; while Rakhmonov described the poll as "the most democratic of elections," a spokesman for Abdullodzhanov told AFP that "there have been so many examples of the rules being broken that we have stopped logging them." -- Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIA AND THE CASPIAN. Russia, Iran and Turkmenistan are currently considering a trilateral agreement on development of oil deposits on the Turkmen section of the Caspian shelf, an unidentified Russian diplomat told Interfax on 4 November. He assessed the prospects for joint exploitation of these deposits as good, provided the extent of Turkmenistan's section of the Caspian shelf is clarified. He further argued that it was unacceptable for any country to penetrate almost to the middle of the Caspian and begin to develop mineral resources there with the participation of third countries that have no connection with the Caspian -- a clear reference to Azerbaijan's recently concluded agreement to exploit three oil fields several hundred Km offshore jointly with a Western consortium. -- Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. CIS YELTSIN DECREE ON RESCUING RUSSIANS ABROAD. President Boris Yeltsin has issued a decree on "defending the interests of the Russian Federation and of Russian citizens abroad in emergency situations," ITAR-TASS reported on 3 November. The decree empowers the president to order the evacuation of those citizens and to "assign the forces and means to effect that evacuation." As summarized by the agency, the types of emergency situations listed in the decree include "a threat of aggression against the Russian Federation," "an armed attack on the country of residence [of Russian citizens]," "the participation of the country of residence in armed conflicts," "the conduct of military actions in countries adjacent to the country of residence," and further, unspecified types of emergencies. The decree is likely to be viewed with misgivings in "near abroad" countries as a potential license for intervention owing to its sweeping and unilateral definition of emergency situations. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. SUPRANATIONAL POWERS FOR INTER-PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY SOUGHT. In remarks carried by CIS TV and Radio and by Radio Russia's "Neighbors" program on 5 and 6 November, CIS Interparliamentary Assembly (IPA) Chairman Vladimir Shumeiko, who is also chairman of the Russian Federation Council, urged that IPA issue "model laws" to serve as a basis for the legislation of CIS member states and thus to promote those states' legislative integration. While conceding that the "model laws" may be adopted with some variations to reflect the states' "specific features," Shumeiko offered laws or draft laws prepared by the Russian parliament or by his IPA staff as "models". He called for the early adoption by the CIS states of a "model" civil code, a law on financial-industrial groups, a law on local administration, a charter on social rights and guarantees, and a legislative basis to the CIS Economic Union. Shumeiko predicted that economic and legislative integration will in the next stage lead to political integration. "The former Soviet republics will not reunite today, but they are searching for all available methods to unite," he added. He also credited the CIS with "saving the Union from total collapse." IPA's statute gives it no legislative powers, but issuing "model laws" for adoption by CIS states would be a way to circumvent that limitation and effectively create a supranational legislative authority. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. TOWARD A SOCIALIST INTERNATIONAL? At a meeting in Kiev reported by the Ukrainian news agency UNIAN on 1 November, delegates of socialist parties from Russia, Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia, and Kazakhstan called for the holding next May of the founding congress of the "Eurasian Socialist International" for the purpose of "coordinating the activities of parties of socialist orientation." The parties would seek to establish "a democratic society with social justice and social protection, individual freedom with social responsibility and state regulation of all areas of social life," and interstate cooperation within a collective security system. The initiative does not appear confined to CIS states, as socialist party delegates from Romania and Serbia attended, and Greece's PASOK and the French communist party expressed willingness to cooperate. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE MUSLIMS CLAIM BIG GAINS NEAR SARAJEVO. International media report on 7 November that Bosnian government forces say they have taken some 60 square kilometers north of Sarajevo in the Nisic area. UN observers maintain those claims are probably overstated, and it is not clear to what extent Serb assertions that they have retaken some land near Bihac are valid, either. What does seem clear is that the Bosnian government's new tactic of hitting the Serbs hard on a broad front is having an effect. The approach maximizes the Muslims' advantages in manpower and minimizes the Serbs' strength in heavy artillery and tanks. When Croat guns and armor are added to the Muslims' numbers, the combination has proven particularly decisive, as at Kupres on 3 November. Meanwhile, the government forces are continuing their offensive on a series of fronts. -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. GENERAL ROSE WARNS ABOUT SARAJEVO CEASE-FIRE. CNN said on 7 November that the UN commander in Bosnia, British General Sir Michael Rose, has met with Bosnian Vice President Ejup Ganic to discuss violations of the cease-fire in the Sarajevo area. The two men agreed to joint patrols of the demilitarized zone. It is not clear whether the Serbs will talk to Rose, although their retaking of some of their heavy weapons under UN control in response to a government mortar attack helped spark Rose's latest concern. On 6 November NATO jets buzzed the capital in a warning against continued violations of the truce by both sides. Meanwhile in Geneva, UN human rights envoy Tadeusz Mazowiecki on 4 November again singled out Bosnian Serbs and their ethnic cleansing campaigns as the worst violators of human rights in the conflict. On 1 November, however, The New York Times ran a commentary that recalled "the forgotten Serbs" of Bosnia, namely those throughout the republic and in exile in Serbia and elsewhere who still believe in a multi-ethnic Bosnia and Herzegovina. -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. RUMP YUGOSLAV FOREIGN MINISTER VISITS CROATIA. International and Croatian media reported on 4 November that Vladislav Jovanovic flew from Belgrade to Zagreb for talks with his Croat counterpart, Mate Granic. No major breakthrough was reported in the first such publicly reported meeting in four years. The two sides agreed to continue discussions about priorities in establishing relations. Croatia insists that Serbia-Montenegro recognize it in its internationally accepted borders as a first step. -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. GENERAL MOTORS OPENS CAR PLANT IN WARSAW. On 5 November General Motors began to assemble Opel Astra cars in Warsaw in a joint venture with Fabryka Samochodow Osobowych, the Polish state-owned carmaker. The new company, GM Poland, will produce 10,000 cars annually, at a retail price of about $13,300. General Motors, which already has production plants in Hungary and eastern Germany, said it would commit about $85 million to the Polish project. According to Polish press reports, Premier Waldemar Pawlak was present when the first Astra left the assembly line. -- Jan de Weydenthal, RFE/RL, Inc. SPANISH FOREIGN MINISTER IN WARSAW. Spanish Foreign Minister Javier Solana Madariaga said on 4 November in Warsaw that his country supports Polish efforts to join both the European Union and NATO. Rzeczpospolita quoted him on 5 November as saying that "It would be difficult to imagine Europe without such an important country as Poland." Spain has been reportedly concerned about the prospect of EU membership for Central European countries since this might affect its economic interests and relations with its southern Arab neighbors. In a related development, Pawlak is expected to raise the issue of Poland's entry into the EU in his talks with British Premier John Major during his visit to London on 7 November. -- Jan de Weydenthal, RFE/RL, Inc. CZECH PRIVATIZATION PROGRAM AFTER CORRUPTION SCANDAL. Vladimir Rudlovcak, who was named acting head of the Czech Center for Coupon Privatization following the arrest on corruption charges of his predecessor, Jaroslav Lizner, said on 3 November there is no need to change the coupon privatization program. Reuter reports Rudlovcak as saying that "it is not fully clear what happened with Mr. Lizner," who has been charged with accepting a payment to ensure the awarding of shares. Rudlovcak claimed that "our capital markets and continuation of privatization do not rest on one person." -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. CZECH-GERMAN MILITARY MANEUVERS. A total of about 400 troops are participating in the first joint military exercises between the Czech Republic and Germany, which began on 7 November. The maneuvers are designed as a practice of United Nations-sponsored peace-keeping operations. CTK reports that a joint staff has been set up for the exercises in Western Bohemia, but no armed soldiers will cross the border. The Czechs and Germans will each use about 50 transport and back-up vehicles. Czech Defense Minister Vilem Holan and German Defense Minister Volker Ruehe are to review the exercises on 8 November. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. PARTY OF THE DEMOCRATIC LEFT ENDS TALKS WITH MECIAR. Meeting on 5 November the executive committee of the PDL decided to break off coalition talks with designated Premier Vladimir Meciar's party, the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia. The move is a result of the MDS's behavior during the first two sessions of the parliament, when the party and its allies made a series of politically-motivated personnel changes in the parliament and other important bodies. PDL officials noted that the MDS's actions had restored unity within their party; several PDL members had previously expressed willingness to cooperate with the MDS. Meanwhile, President Michal Kovac released a statement on 4 November saying that the parliament's second session signaled a move away political and civic reconciliation. He stressed that the legality of the steps taken by the parliament would have to be investigated. That same day, the MDS said that casting doubt on decisions made by the parliament indicates a totalitarian way of thinking. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. MORAVCIK APPEALS TO MECIAR TO FORM CABINET QUICKLY. Appearing on Slovak TV on 6 November, outgoing Premier Jozef Moravcik encouraged Meciar "to stop playing blind man's bluff, emerge from the shadow and reveal his long-prepared and publicized shadow cabinet." He said it is "absurd and politically irresponsible" for Meciar to continue to delay the formation of the government even though he has shown he has strong support in the parliament. Meanwhile, Moravcik stressed that his own government, which resigned on 3 November but remains in office until a new cabinet can be formed, cannot function in the present circumstances. Meciar said coalition negotiations would start up again on 7 November, but all partners have been eliminated except for the extreme nationalist Slovak National Party and the radical left-wing Association of Slovak Workers. ASW Chairman Jan Luptak said on Slovak Radio on 5 November that his party had concluded a secret coalition agreement with the MDS but that it would not be represented in the new government. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. ILIESCU IN BRUSSELS. Following a working visit to the United Kingdom, Romanian President Ion Iliescu arrived in Brussels on 4 November. That same day he held talks concerning bilateral economic and political relations with Belgian Premier Jean-Luc Dehaene, Romanian television reported. Iliescu requested "the intensification of Belgian investments" in Romania and growing Belgian involvement in "supporting the process of transition and modernization" of the Romanian economy. Also on 4 November, Iliescu held talks with NATO Secretary-General Willy Claes. On 5 November Romanian Television quoted Iliescu as saying Romania considered the "Partnership for Peace" program as being "a stage on the road to achieving its major strategic objective, namely becoming a full member of NATO." International media quoted Claes as saying that he and Iliescu had discussed strengthening relations, but not specifically Romania's wish to join the alliance. Claes said that thus far NATO members have not discussed which former Communist countries can join and when, but such discussions should begin soon. He also said NATO did not want to isolate Russia but that it was not prepared to accept guidance from Moscow on how the alliance should develop. Iliescu returned to Bucharest on 5 November. -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. NATIONAL-COMMUNISTS ABOUT TO JOIN ROMANIAN GOVERNMENT? Romania's main government party, the Party of Social Democracy of Romania has signed an agreement on coordinating policies with the Socialist Labor Party and extreme-nationalist Greater Romania Party. The junior party in the coalition government, the extremist Party of Romanian National Unity, has also signed the agreement. The decision was announced at an extraordinary meeting of the GRP National Council. The council met on 5 and 6 November to decide whether to continue to support the Vacaroiu government in the parliament, allegedly over failures to improve living standards. The move appears to have been geared at forcing the PSDR to accept the GRP as a full partner in the coalition. The council decided to continue backing the government over the next three months, after which it will review the decision again. -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIA SEEKS TO MODERNIZE ITS AIR FORCE. The Romanian military is planning to modernize its current warplanes using Israeli technology, as well as to buy some new planes. The RFE/RL correspondent in Bucharest quoted on 3 November Defense Ministry spokeswoman Elena Olariu, who told a press conference that preliminary talks about the new planes were underway with British and French suppliers. The Romanian airforce is made up of Soviet planes. At the press conference, Olariu blamed the series of crashes of Soviet-built warplanes (nine Mig-21s have crashed this year) on a lack of funding. She said this had forced a cutback in the number of military flight instructions, which meant Romanian pilots did not get enough training. She also said most of the country's warplanes and facilities were old and ill-equipped. -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. "THE GREATEST DAY IN THE HISTORY OF ALBANIA." This is how President Sali Berisha described the 6 November referendum on Albania's new constitution, the VOA said. Some incidents of violence were reported, and the opposition Socialists claimed irregularities. The turnout was in any event heavy, and Berisha's referendum is expected to be a success, news agencies report. Approval of the first postcommunist constitution is expected to pave the way for admission to the Council of Europe, which in turn is seen as crucial for attracting new foreign investment. On 4 November Berisha addressed a huge pro-constitution rally in Tirana, where Kosovar shadow state President Ibrahim Rugova praised the document, calling it "a democratic one that will realize the integration of Albanians." Berisha added that "this constitution will protect the national and human rights of the Albanians wherever they are." -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. MOLDOVAN-HUNGARIAN CORDIAL ENTENTE. Received by Moldovan President Mircea Snegur on 3 November, Hungarian Foreign Ministry State Secretary Istvan Szent-Ivanyi said "Hungary disagrees with those who question Moldova's right to independence and who seek to join Moldova to another country." Moldova has recently issued a series of vehement protests against Romanian irredentist aspirations. Snegur expressed gratitude for Hungary's support for Moldova's integration in European institutions. Szent-Ivanyi pledged continued support and criticized the "Dniester" authorities' pressures on Moldovan schools, Interfax, ITAR-TASS, and Basapress reported. Former Hungarian Foreign Minister Geza Jeszenszki, who had praised Moldova's treatment of ethnic minorities, currently serves as the Council of Europe's rapporteur on the matter of Moldova's admission. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. MOLDOVAN-IRANIAN OIL DEAL. Returning on 3 November from a visit to Iran, Moldovan Premier Andrei Sangheli announced the signing of an agreement of intent to import 2.5 million tons of crude oil annually from that country between 1995 and 1999. The oil is to be sold by Iran at 10% below world market prices and repaid with Moldovan agricultural products and various types of pumps. The oil is to be delivered to Constanta, Romania and refined in that country, Moldovan and Russian agencies reported. Moldova has been seeking to diversify its fuel supply sources in order to reduce dependence on Russia. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. TURKMENISTAN TO DEFER UKRAINIAN DEBT. On 4 November Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma arrived in Ashkhabat for negotiations with Turkmen President Saparmurad Niyazov, various agencies reported. During the talks Niyazov agreed to defer Ukraine's gas debt, which reportedly totals between $700 million and over $1 billion. The debt will be formalized into a loan and repaid over 7 years, partly with credits to be provided by the IMF and G-7, and partly by supplying Turkmenistan with goods. The session was also attended by the US coordinator for CIS Affairs, James Collins. It was reported that US President Bill Clinton had written a letter to Niyazov urging him to show generosity and defer Ukraine's debt payment as this would be necessary to sustain Kiev's economic reforms. Despite the agreement on deferring the debt, the two sides failed to agree on gas supplies for 1995. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. DEPUTIES CONDEMN KUCHMA'S ECONOMIC POLICY. Ukraine's parliament met in a special session on 4 November to discuss Kuchma's economic policies, Reuters reported. During the session, leftists deputies attacked last week's price liberalization. The parliamentary speaker and head of the Socialist Party, Oleksander Moroz, said he had the constitutional right to cancel executive decisions which contravened the country's laws and that he would not hesitate to do so. The debate was cut off after an hour and will resume on 9 November. This marks the first serious criticism of the new president by deputies and indicates that Kuchma's honeymoon period with parliament may be drawing to a close. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. CRIMEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE CONSTITUTION. Despite the 1 November deadline set by Kiev, Crimea's parliament has still not made any progress on bringing the Crimean constitution in line with Ukraine's. On 4 November Interfax reported that the Crimean parliament could not open its session because not enough deputies had registered. Deputies then adjourned for in-faction discussions on the issue of lifting the moratorium on a Crimean referendum on independence. Later that day the parliament still could not begin its session because deputies continued to refuse to register. On 6 November Interfax reported that the Russia and Russia Unity factions said that a referendum should be held on the need to bring Crimea's legislation in line with Ukraine's. Kievskie vedomosti reported on 4 November that Crimean Deputy Premier Andrii Senchenko warned that Crimea risked losing all of its autonomy if it continued antagonizing Kiev. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. ESTONIA AND THE EU. On 3 and 4 November more than 130 participants from 15 countries attended the conference "Estonia and the European Union" in Tallinn, BNS reports. Former Premier Mart Laar said Estonia's aim was to join the EU by the year 2000 together with the Visegrad countries. Jaime Cavanillas y Junquera, the head of the European Commission delegation, named stability and economic development as the greatest concerns in the Baltic region and stressed the need for a liberal trade policy. Working groups pointed out that Estonia's social insurance system had to be developed further, that new laws on intellectual property, consumer protection, customs, and competition had to be passed to be in line with EU legal requirements. The next conference on the same subject will be held in the spring. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. LATVIAN DEPUTY ACQUITTED OF KGB CHARGES. On 4 November a Riga district court acquitted Latvian Saeima deputy Edvins Inkens of charges of cooperation with the KGB, Diena reported. During the trial, KGB agent Peteris Locmelis confessed that he had reported to his superiors to have recruited Inkens to gather information for the KGB and had also fabricated a file about Inkens. He did not tell his superiors that all this had been done without the knowledge or acquiescence of Inkens. Locmelis failed to provide this information in the pre-trial investigation. With the court ruling, Inkens can resume his duties as a parliamentary deputy. The cases of three other deputies are still being considered by Latvian courts. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] (Compiled by Sharon Fisher and Stan Markotich) The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU Inquiries about specific news items should be directed as follows (please include your full postal address when inquiring about subscriptions): Mr. Brian Reed RFE/RL, Inc. 1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 Fax: (202) 457-6992 Internet: REEDB@RFERL.ORG Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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