|The mind is not a vessel to be filled, but a fire to be ignited. - Plutarch|
No. 207, 31 October 1994
Note: There will be no Daily Report Tuesday, 1 November 1994 RUSSIA SOLZHENITSYN ADDRESSES STATE DUMA. Nobel prize winning writer Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn addressed the State Duma on 28 October, telling the deputies that Russians feel oppressed and humiliated by corrupt authorities who have no sympathy for the pains being felt by the country. Solzhenitsyn said there is no democracy in post-communist Russia, adding: "Today we have an oligarchy since power belongs to a limited number of people." In his 45-minute address, the writer listed the painful problems that have accompanied the changes currently underway in Russia. In each case he offered solutions to the problems, including the revival of "zemstvo"--i.e., grassroots self-government bodies that existed in pre-communist Russia. He also urged closer ties between four former Soviet republics--Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan; and suggested that Russia leave states, such as Tajikistan and Azerbaijan, to join the Muslim world. Solzhenitsyn's speech received a lukewarm response from Duma deputies. -- Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL, Inc. DUMA BRANDS GOVERNMENT'S PERFORMANCE "UNSATISFACTORY." On 28 October the State Duma adopted by an overwhelming majority a resolution branding the performance of Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin's government "unsatisfactory." The vote followed the failure of Chernomyrdin's opponents to collect the necessary 50 percent of the total membership of the Duma in the vote of no confidence in the government (altogether 194 deputies voted against the government, 54 for it on 27 October, and 55 abstained.) According to Ostankino TV news, deputies were inspired to return to the agenda of the previous day by the one-sidedness of Russian Television reports on the 27 October session of the Duma. -- Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL, Inc. ANTI-INFLATIONARY BUDGET FACES STRONG OPPOSITION. The austere 1995 budget proposed by the government will require the severe financial discipline of all state bodies, including the defense sector, where expenses will be drastically cut, Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin said on the television program "Itogi" on 30 October. The government, however, considers this budget realistic and will follow the guidelines it sets out, Chernomyrdin said. The director of the Center for Strategic Analysis, Dmitrii Olshanskii, said that adoption of Chernomyrdin's budget will have no less significance for the Russian economy than did the reforms of Egor Gaidar in January 1992. In the budget, the government has decided to cease subsidies for debt-ridden industry and to gap the state budget deficit by attracting international loans and the savings of the people. Olshanskii said this will cause fierce resistance in the Duma. Economist Grigorii Yavlinsky, the leader of the liberal Yabloko faction, which supports democratic opposition to the Yeltsin's administration, said that Chernomyrdin's budget is unenforcable, adding that Chernomyrdin's promise to keep inflation at a monthly rate of one percent in 1995 is no more realistic than the old promise of the Soviet leadership to build communism by 1980. -- Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIA'S CHOICE SUPPORTS YELTSIN; DEMOCRATIC RUSSIA'S SUPPORT IN DOUBT. Several Russian political entities had meetings with their supporters during the weekend of 29-30 October, according to Russian Television newscasts and news agencies. Addressing activists of the Moscow city organization of the Democratic Russia movement on 29 October, its leader, Egor Gaidar, said that he "categorically opposes the transition of Russia's Democratic Choice Party into opposition to President Boris Yeltsin." Also on 29 October, Lev Ponomarev, co-chairman of another democratic party, Democratic Russia, opined that Democratic Russia, whose support was crucial in Yeltsin's victory in the first Russian presidential elections of 1991, has yet to decide whether to support him in the next elections, scheduled for 1996. In contrast, Grigorii Yavlinsky, leader of the liberal Yabloko faction in parliament, told an audience in the southern Russian city Rostov-on-Don on 30 October that his supporters will form the democratic opposition to Yeltsin. According to the Russian TV program "Vesti," Yavlinsky elaborated on his disagreements with Gaidar and called for early presidential elections to be held in 1995. -- Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL, Inc. FOUNDING CONGRESS OF RUSSIAN SOCIAL-DEMOCRATIC UNION HELD. The founding congress of the Russian Social-Democratic Union was held in Moscow on 30 October, Russian TV's "Vesti" program reported. The Union, embracing a number of moderate left-wing groupings, was attended by 170 delegates and chaired by State Duma Deputy Vasilii Lipitsky, once the right-hand man of former Russian Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi. In their addresses, the leaders of the new political movement formulated the aim of the Union as the need to replace the current Russian regime by peaceful means; they also ruled out the possibility of a return to a communist past and called on delegates to find a "third way" for the country's future development. According to "Vesti" the speakers also mentioned the task of ridding the newly established opposition movement of the "extremists in its ranks." Among the guests of the congress were former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and the Chairman of Russian trade unions, Mikhail Shmakov. In his address to the gathering, Gorbachev welcomed the constituent congress as "an event of colossal importance," urging its participants "to overcome minor differences because the country and the people need a consolidating force." -- Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL, Inc. KOMI REPUBLIC APPEALS TO ARCTIC ORGANIZATION FOR HELP WITH OIL SPILL. The president of the Komi Republic and the governor of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug have appealed to the multinational Northern Forum for help in cleaning up the oil spilled from a pipeline in the Russian arctic, Radio Rossii reported on 29 October. The appeal said rivers in the Pechora basin had been "heavily polluted." Estimates of the amount of oil spilled have varied from 14,000 to 300,000 tons. The Russian Ministry for Emergency Situations says that media reports have exaggerated the scale of the disaster. -- Penny Morvant, RFE/RL, Inc. GROUND FORCES IN CRITICAL STATE. Colonel-General Vladimir Semenov, commander of Russia's Ground Forces, told a Moscow news conference on 28 October that if funding and procurement for his forces continued at the current rate they would soon deteriorate to the level of a Third World army. According to Interfax he said that not a single division-level exercise had been held since 1992 and helicopter pilots were flying only 30 hours per year instead of the required 100 hours. He expected his forces to lose one-third of their helicopters before the year 2000 since replacements were not being purchased. Semenov said that while there were 620,000 billets in the ground forces, only 351,000 were filled. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. KILLED FSK OFFICER WAS INVESTIGATING DMITRII KHOLODOV CASE. The officer of the Federal Counterintelligence Service (FSK), Mikhail Chekanov, who was killed by an explosive device on 27 October, was one of the investigators in the case of murdered journalist Dmitrii Kholodov, Moskovskii komsomolets reported 28 October. Chekanov was a specialist on explosive devices in the FSK's Moscow administration and died trying to disengage a bomb planted at a local company. As an expert, Chekanov was co-opted to the investigation of the murder of Moskovskii komsomolets reporter Kholodov, who was killed by a bomb explosion at Moskovskii komsomolets offices on 18 October. After the explosion at the newspaper, Chekanov and his colleagues were the first to arrive on the scene; later on, however, the FSK people specializing in this type of crime were pushed away from the investigation and the case was transferred to the Office of Procuracy and the MVD. -- Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. KOZYREV ON PEACEKEEPERS IN FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. Interfax on 30 October reported that Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev said Russia would withdraw its peacekeepers from the former Yugoslavia if NATO obtained the "decisive say on the possible use of force." According to Kozyrev, if any organization apart from the UN had the final word on the use of force it would signal a fundamental change in peacekeeping operations in the former Yugoslavia. This, he said, could change the operations from a UN mission into a NATO mission, thereby prompting a possible Russian withdrawal. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. INDIA INTERESTED IN RUSSIAN JETS, SUBMARINES. Quoting a spokesman for the Rosvooruzheniye arms export company, Interfax on 28 October said that the sale to India of 50 MiG-29M jet fighters and ten diesel submarines would be discussed during Indian Defense Minister K.A. Nambiar's current visit to Russia. The arms company would neither confirm or deny Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev's earlier remarks that Russia might offer India the aircraft carrier Admiral Gorshkov. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. DEFENSE WORKERS SUSPEND HUNGER STRIKE. Seventy-three workers at the Spetstekhnika joint-stock company in Ekaterinburg (a component of Uralmash), who went on a hunger strike on 24 October, suspended their action three days later when the company began paying their wages for April and May and promised to disburse the additional 2.5 million rubles owed in back pay by the end of November, Interfax reported. As well as the payment of back wages the strikers had demanded the dismissal of the plant director, whom they accused of refusing to accept new orders and the reorganization of the company. They wanted it to be put under government control and attached to the Uralvagonzavod plant in Nizhnii Tagil, the largest tank factory in the world and their main customer. A further 2,000 Spetstekhnika employees were reported to have picketed the offices of the Sverdlovsk Oblast Soviet in support of their colleagues' demands. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA TAJIK TALKS EXTENDED. The third round of UN-sponsored talks in Islamabad between the Tajik government and the opposition, originally scheduled to close on 28 October, was extended in the hope of reaching an agreement on prolonging the ongoing ceasefire. But on 30 October the talks were stalled over government objections to the opposition's demand for the release of 50 political prisoners, according to ITAR-TASS and AFP. On 28 October, the Tajik parliament cancelled the decision to impose a state of emergency in Gorno-Badakhshon after it was criticized as unconstitutional by the chairman of the parliament's committee on legislation and human rights, Interfax reported. (28 October Daily Report) -- Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. KYRGYZ ECONOMY IN CRISIS. Reviewing the performance of the Kyrgyz economy during the first nine months of 1994, Prime Minister Apas Dzhamagulov told the government on 27 October that although the implementation of a tough financial and fiscal policy had succeeded in reducing the inflation rate from 3 percent in July to 0.2 percent in September, the economic situation remained "complicated and ambiguous," Interfax reported. Specifically, GDP for January-September 1994 fell by 27.5 percent compared with the corresponding period for 1993, industrial output was down 25.8 percent, and agricultural production down 12 percent. In addition, the fall in industrial production is contributing to growing unemployment; Dzhamagulov said 229,000 people from a total population of 4.6 million are out of work . -- Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. BOUTROS-GHALI IN AZERBAIJAN. On 29 October UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali arrived in Baku for a three-day visit on the first stop of a tour of the Transcaucasus, Russian and Western agencies reported. During an open meeting on 30 October with Azerbaijan Foreign Minister Hasan Hasanov, Boutros-Ghali called for the withdrawal of ethnic Armenian forces from occupied territories in Azerbaijan in accordance with UN Security Council resolutions. Addressing reporters after talks with Azerbaijan President Heidar Aliev on a variety of issues including the economic situation and the plight of the estimated one million Azerbaijanis displaced from their homes by the Armenian incursion, Boutros-Ghali suggested that the UN assume responsibility for coordinating the parallel efforts by the CSCE and Russia to mediate a settlement of the Karabakh conflict. -- Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT CONTINUES OFFENSIVE. Following a weekend of frequent and often contradictory reports from the battlefields of Bosnia, the Washington Post writes on 31 October that mainly Muslim government forces are attacking the Serbs at no fewer than 16 points throughout the country. The government's nominal allies, the Croats, are providing little support, and population exchanges continue between Muslim and Croat areas, a point that Borba also emphasizes. The government troops have nonetheless managed on their own to cut off and besiege Bosanska Krupa to the east of Bihac. If the town of 60,000 falls, it would be the biggest single gain for the government forces since the Serbs launched the war early in 1992. Reuters said on 30 October that Krajina Serb forces were massing on the border with Bosnia, but they do not yet appear to have come to the aid of Bosnian Serb forces. -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. BIG VICTORY IN THE OFFING FOR MACEDONIAN GOVERNMENT. Reuters and Borba report on 31 October that President Kiro Gligorov's governing Alliance for Macedonia seems well on the way to a big win in the second round of voting for 110 out of 120 legislative seats. Exact figures will not be available until later on in the day, and it is not clear whether the turnout on 30 October was higher or lower than in the first round on 16 October. It nonetheless seems certain that the nationalist opposition, by launching a boycott of the vote, has handed the new parliament to Gligorov's supporters and their Albanian allies. The opposition has promised that its "campaign of civil disobedience has started and will continue," but its supporters may be asking whether it was really worthwhile to forfeit any role in the legislature, where they previously held a quarter of the seats. It is also being asked whether the opposition will succeed in forcing new, early elections. Greek and other press reports across the Balkans suggest, however, that Gligorov and the Greek government will take advantage of his new mandate to solve the outstanding differences between themselves. -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. SESELJ TO SPEND MORE TIME IN PRISON. Borba of 29-30 October and Reuters on 28 October report that the ultranationalist leader of the Serbian Radical Party, Vojislav Seselj, received on 28 October an additional three months in prison. Seselj, who was just completing a thirty-day prison term for spitting on the federal parliament's speaker, was handed the additional jail term for his participation in a near brawl in the federal rump Yugoslav legislature in May. Originally Seselj received an eight-month suspended sentence for his role in attempting to incite the brawl, but an appeal has resulted in the extended jail term. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL EUROPEAN AND EU FOREIGN MINISTERS MEET IN BRUSSELS. Foreign ministers from Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, and Romania meet on 31 October in Brussels with their counterparts from the 12 EU member countries and the four states slated to enter the EU at the beginning of 1995 (Sweden, Norway, Finland, and Austria) to discuss the union's eastward expansion by the end of the decade, international agencies reported. This is the highest level meeting between the Central Europeans and the EU so far, and it is designed to provide a forum for serious political discussions on ways to start bringing the Central European states into the Western organization. All six Central European states hold associate membership in the union. -- Jan de Weydenthal, RFE/RL, Inc. POLISH FOREIGN MINISTER TO STAY ON IN GOVERNMENT. Foreign Minister Andrzej Olechowski announced on 29 October that he would "suspend" his resignation and continue as head of Polish diplomacy pending the determination by the Constitutional Tribunal of the legality of his earning two separate salaries from government institutions. Olechowski told Gazeta Wyborcza on 31 October that he needed to maintain links between his current position as foreign minister and his professional career as businessman, that the law is imprecise, and that accusations directed against him might have been politically motivated. He added that if the tribunal provides a different interpretation of the law, he will resign. Olechowski was accused on 27 October of impropriety in receiving separate compensation from the ministry and a state-owned bank. He also admitted receiving a separate compensation for chairing a local council in one of Warsaw's districts. Olechowski's resignation has been generally seen within the Polish political establishment as complicating political relations within the governmental coalition, as well as those between the president and the government. -- Jan de Weydenthal, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNGARY TO PROSECUTE THOSE RESPONSIBLE FOR 1956 KILLINGS. On 28 October the Budapest Military Prosecutor's Office pressed charges against three pensioned army officers for killing two revolutionaries in 1956, MTI reports. The prosecutor's office based its case on the confessions of the accused, eyewitness accounts, and archival documents. Under Hungarian law, the killing of unarmed demonstrators in 1956 falls under the category of war crimes or crimes against humanity and those responsible can be prosecuted. Although the Hungarian Constitutional Court approved a year ago a law on the prosecution of communist officials responsible for the 1956 killings, prosecution has proceeded at a very slow pace because of lack of evidence and the advanced age of those involved. It is estimated that some 1,000 unarmed demonstrators were killed by communists in 1956. -- Edith Oltay, RFE/RL, Inc. MDS SUPPORTS MECIAR AS PRIME MINISTER. On 29 October the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia Republican Council authorized Vladimir Meciar to accept the nomination to form a government, TASR reports. The council also nominated Ivan Gasparovic to continue in his post as parliament chairman. Still, the MDS's hopes of forming a majority government were dimmed that same day, when the Party of the Democratic Left Executive Council issued a statement saying that there is "no threat" of a split in the party and demanding a temporary end to all public statements on internal party matters. The council maintained that no agreement on forming a cabinet has been reached with the MDS and said it would not support the MDS's calls to set up a commission to investigate the president's activities. Thus far, the only PDL members to express openness to forming a coalition with the MDS have been Defense Minister Pavol Kanis and Economics Minister Peter Magvasi. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. KOVAC ASKS SLOVAK PARLIAMENT CHAIRMAN TO CALL IN ALTERNATES. President Michal Kovac sent a letter to parliament chairman Ivan Gasparovic on 28 October asking him to summon substitute deputies to replace current government members in the opening parliamentary session, scheduled for 3 November, TASR reported. That same day, the Christian Democratic Movement leadership decided that it would invite the alternates regardless of Gasparovic's decision on the issue. If Gasparovic, who is a member of the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, does not immediately call in alternates to replace the 15 cabinet members who have been elected to the parliament, the session could continue with 135 deputies, which would give the MDS and the Slovak National Party a majority and would thus allow the two parties to choose the new parliament chairman and vice chairmen, as well as the chairmen of parliamentary committees. According to the Slovak Constitution, a government member cannot simultaneously hold the position of a parliamentary deputy. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. POLICE, EXTREMISTS CLASH IN PRAGUE. Skinheads and anarchists clashed in Prague during the commemorations of the founding of Czechoslovakia on 28 October. The rival groups hurled cobblestones and firecrackers at each other over the heads of police trying to keep them apart in Old Town Square. CTK reports that body guards of Miroslav Sladek, the leader of the extreme-right Republican Party, wounded a television reporter. Later, Jan Vik, the vice chairman of the party and a deputy in the Czech parliament, was injured during a scuffle in which police tried to remove Sladek from the Saint Wenceslas Statue in the center of Prague. Vik fell from the statue while police were grappling with Sladek's bodyguards, and he lay unconscious on the pavement until taken to a hospital by ambulance. A statement issued by the party on 29 October called the police action a brutal intervention, claiming it was the cause of Vik's injury. CTK quotes a Prague police official as saying Sladek grossly insulted police and encouraged others to attack them. According to the spokesman, Sladek's behavior caused the brawl in which Vik fell to the street. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. BOUTROS-GHALI THANKS ROMANIA FOR BALKAN STAND. UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, who ended a three-day visit to Romania on 29 October, thanked that country for its "diplomatic assistance" in backing UN efforts for a peaceful solution in former Yugoslavia. The statement was made at a press conference after a meeting with Romania's President Ion Iliescu on 28 October. It also included a reference to Romania's contribution to the UN peace-keeping operations in Somalia. Romania had sent a medical unit there, whose mission ended on 26 October. Radio Bucharest quoted Boutros-Ghali as saying that the UN was "studying" Romania's request to be compensated for losses incurred by the Embargo against Serbia and Montenegro. He warned however that the "process could take a lot of time" and that compensation must not necessarily take the form of financial reimbursement. Romania says its direct and indirect losses because of the Yugoslav crisis amount to some $7 billion. -- Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. SENIOR NATO OFFICIAL TO ROMANIA. A high-ranking NATO official, Admiral Leighton Smith Jr., who is commander of the allied forces in Southern Europe, visited Romania on 28 and 29 October, Radio Bucharest reports. At a press conference on 29 October, the chief of staff of the Romanian army, Col. Gen. Dumitru Cioflina, said that Admiral Smith's talks with Romanian army leaders focused on continuing cooperation within the NATO's Partnership For Peace program. Romania was the first country to enroll in the PFP program in January this year. -- Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. CONDITIONS ON RUSSIA'S DEBT DEFERRAL TO UKRAINE. The head of the Russian foreign ministry's economic cooperation department, Pavel Smirnov, said that Moscow was willing to defer defer payment on $635 million of Ukraine's debt until 1 February 1995 under certain conditions, Interfax reported on 30 October. The conditions he put forward were that Ukraine accept the "zero option" in regards to the division of the former Soviet Unions debts and assets. This would mean that Ukraine hand over its share of former Soviet assets in exchange for relief on its 16% share of Soviet debt. Smirnov also said he wanted Ukraine to deposit $10 million in an authorized Russian bank to facilitate future debt payments, and said that Ukraine must join the Nonproliferation Treaty as a non-nuclear state if it expected international aid. Ukraine's total foreign debt stands at $4.3 billion. Russia is its largest creditor with $2.7 billion owed to it. The bulk of this sum, $1.75 billion, is owed to Gazprom for natural gas supplies. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. MOROZ REELECTED LEADER OF UKRAINIAN SOCIALIST PARTY. On 30 October ITAR-TASS reported that the Ukrainian parliamentary speaker, Oleksander Moroz, has been reelected leader of the Socialist Party of Ukraine. There were no rivals for the leadership. After his reelection, Moroz said the SPU intends to continue cooperating with other left-wing parties as no party is strong enough to dominate the political scene. In particular, Moroz said he would cooperate with the communists, since this is the largest party in Ukraine and holds the most parliamentary seats. Moroz went on to say that the SPU did not intend to boycott President Leonid Kuchma's program for pulling the country out of its economic crisis even though the program was capitalist in nature. Instead, the SPU would try and make social issues a priority within that program. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. CRIMEA'S REPUBLICAN PARTY SPLITS. The Republican Party of Crimea has split into two factions; one supports President Yurii Meshkov, the other upholds the parliament, ITAR-TASS reported on 30 October. The party had supported Meshkov in his campaign for the presidency largely because of his platform to reunite Crimea with Russia. At an extraordinary meeting called by 14 leading members of the party, it was resolved that Meshkov had betrayed the interests of the party and was pursuing policies which accommodated Kiev. A number of Meshkov's supporters in the Crimean presidium were expelled from the party, including Petro Morhunov, Serhii Nykulyn, Oleksander Melnikov and Vyacheslav Bally. At the same time, it was decided to consider accepting parliamentary speaker and Meshkov's main opponent, Serhii Tsekov, into the party. A statement was issued which said that while the Republican Party of Crimea did not want to cause any complications for Russia, it could not accept Kiev's position towards the peninsula which says that Crimea is an internal affair of Ukraine. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. LUKASHENKA IN MOSCOW FOR MEDICAL TREATMENT. On 29 October Interfax reported that the Belarusian president, Alyaksandr Lukashenka, flew to Moscow for medical treatment. Lukashenka suffers from radiculitis, which affects the spine. Lukashenka was hospitalized in September because of his back problem. It is not known how long he will remain hospitalized in Moscow. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. DUMA ENDORSES LATVIAN-RUSSIAN ACCORDS. On 28 October the Russian State Duma approved the Latvian-Russian accords related to the withdrawal of Russian troops from Latvia and the status of Russian military retirees, Baltic media reported. The ratification of the withdrawal accords was supported by 255 of the 450 deputies, while the agreement on social guarantees for Russian military pensioners and their families living in Latvia was endorsed by 279 deputies. The accords were signed by the Latvian and Russian presidents in Moscow on 30 April and most of the troops from Latvia were pulled out before 31 August. The Latvian parliament approved in principle the ratification of the accords earlier this month, and the final vote of approval is expected in the second half of November. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. LATVIAN INTERNAL AFFAIRS MINISTER RESIGNS. On 28 October Minister of Internal Affairs Girts Kristovskis resigned following the escape of 18 prisoners from the Daugavpils Griva prison, Baltic media reported. In July 89 prisoners escaped from a prison in Jelgava and about one third of them are still at large. Prime Minister Maris Gailis, who accepted the resignation, will take on the duties of internal affairs minister until a new minister is appointed. Baltic media reported that other top officials in the Internal Affairs Ministry may also submit their resignations soon. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. LITHUANIA, US SIGN DEFENSE COOPERATION MEMORANDUM. On 28 October in Washington Lithuanian National Defense Minister Linas Linkevicius and US Defense Secretary William Perry signed a memorandum on cooperation between the defense ministries of the two countries, Radio Lithuania reports. Linkevicius, accompanied by General Staff Head Lt. Col. Valdas Tutkus and Navy Flotilla Head Commander Raimundas Baltuska, began his official visit to the US on 23 October. He was acquainted with the work of the Pennsylvania National Guard and visited the coast guard base at Portsmouth. On 27 October he toured the Naval Academy at Annapolis. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] (Compiled by Pete Baumgartner and Ustina Markus) The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU Inquiries about specific news items should be directed as follows (please include your full postal address when inquiring about subscriptions): Mr. Brian Reed RFE/RL, Inc. 1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 Fax: (202) 457-6992 Internet: REEDB@RFERL.ORG Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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