|The road uphill and the road downhill are one and the same. - Heraclitus|
No. 201, 21 October 1994
RUSSIA CHECHEN OPPOSITION COUNTERATTACKS. Opposition forces launched a helicopter attack against Chechen government troops north of Grozny on 20 October, according to AFP; a spokesman for the opposition Provisional Council said that a massive counter- offensive would follow. Chechen government spokesmen revised upwards to 160 their estimate of the number of opposition fighters killed during the 19 October government offensive; government losses were said to be between 30 and 40. Chechen Foreign Minister Shamseddin Yusef rejected charges by the Provisional Council that Afghan mujahedin were fighting on the government side, but did not exclude the possibility of recruiting Afghan mercenaries should Russia send its troops into Chechnya, Interfax reported. -- Liz Fuller, RFE/RL Inc. KHOLODOV'S FUNERAL. The funeral of Dmitrii Kholodov, the investigative reporter of the popular daily Moskovsky komsomolets assassinated in a bomb blast three days earlier, took place on 20 October. The event turned into a major antigovernment demonstration and a day of national mourning, when three major television channels--Ostankino, Russian Television and the independent NTV--interrupted their broadcasts at 8:30 p.m. to commemorate the death of the 27-year-old journalist. According to Russian TV's "Vesti," more than 10,000 mourners paid their last respects to Kholodov at the Moscow Palace of Youth. At a meeting following the ceremony, the crowd booed President Boris Yeltsin's press secretary, Vyacheslav Kostikov, off the rostrum. According to an RFE/RL correspondent in Moscow, Kostikov was only able to address the rally after Pavel Gusev, the chief editor of Moskovsky komsomolets and chairman of the Moscow Union of Journalists, had intervened on his behalf. Speeches were also made by a number of prominent radical politicians, including the father of Russian economic reform Egor Gaidar. The speakers attacked Defense Minister Pavel Grachev, whom they suspected of having a vested interest in the death of the reporter, who had exposed corruption in the military. -- Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. YELTSIN DEFENDS GRACHEV. Calling him "one of the strongest Soviet and Russian defense ministers of the last decade, the Russian president defended Grachev against charges that he was implicated in the death of Kholodov. The president described Grachev as "a major statesman, a real defense minister respected by soldiers, the president, the government, and the legislature" and called on the Russian media not to "splash . . . mud onto the army and the defense minister." Yeltsin told Interfax on 20 October that Russian military leaders--and Grachev in particular--were being victimized because they had stood by democracy in October 1993. In fact, all those who accused Grachev at Kholodov's funeral--Gusev, Chairman of the parliamentary Commission on Defense Sergei Yushchenkov, and Federation Council member Yurii Chernichenko--also supported Yeltsin in last year's showdown with the legislature. Conversely, no members of the communist or nationalist opposition have yet attacked Grachev publicly in connection with the Kholodov case. -- Doug Clarke and Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. CABINET DISCUSSES BUDGET. According to Russian TV news on 20 October, the cabinet of ministers spent the entire day following the much publicized return of Viktor Chernomyrdin from vacation discussing the 1995 state budget in a closed session. According to Interfax, the prime minister said that retail prices had risen by an average of 6 percent between 11 and 15 October, but he shrugged off suggestions that the ruble crash would lead to high inflation. In an interview with ITAR-TASS the same day, Chernomyrdin refuted allegations that the ruble collapse was the result of a government plan to "repair the holes" in the budget by selling currency reserves at higher dollar prices. He added that the Finance Ministry and the Central Bank had underestimated the need for strict controls on the new currency exchanges to combat the activities of "unscrupulous people who play the market." In an interview with Trud also on 20 October, Chernomyrdin pledged to commit his government to a tougher line on economic reforms and promised a strict budget. Draft figures for the 1995 budget announced by the government the previous day include a deficit of 77.5 trillion rubles and spending of about 208.5 trillion rubles; revenues were estimated at 131 trillion rubles. -- Penny Morvant, RFE/RL Inc. DUMA COMMITTEE SAYS MILITARY BUDGET TOO LOW. Nikolai Bezborodov, the deputy chairman of the State Duma's defense committee, told journalists in Moscow on 20 October that the government's 1995 defense spending request of 50 trillion rubles would mean a radical cut in the Russian armed forces. As quoted by Interfax Bezborodov--a Communist--said the government's latest proposal was far worse than the 1994 defense budget which "made the armed forces starve." -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. UNION PROTEST ACTION WILL TAKE PLACE. On 20 October Interfax reported that the chairman of the Russian trade union organization, Mikhail Shmakov, had told the State Duma that the one-day general strike scheduled for 27 October would take place, even if the government satisfied the unions demands before that. The unions are demanding that employees of state-owned enterprises receive back wages; some have not been paid since July. The day of action will be the first joint endeavor of former Soviet official and new independent trade unions. Interfax reported that activists of the hard-core neocommunist opposition would take part in the protest rallies organized by the trade unions. At the other end of the political spectrum, Vladimir Shumeiko was quoted as saying that the Federation Council, of which Shumeiko is the speaker, would also support the unions' action. -- Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. SIX-VOLUME HISTORY OF RUSSIAN/SOVIET INTELLIGENCE TO BE PUBLISHED. The publishers Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya are to release a book on the history of the Russian foreign intelligence service, Trud reported on 15 October. The six-volume edition will also include chapters on the operations of the KGB foreign intelligence branch in the Soviet period. In the preface , the director of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service, Evgenii Primakov, outlines the strategic goals of his agency until the end of the century. They include neutralizing the efforts of "outside forces" to disrupt centripetal trends in Russia and the CIS; preventing the proliferation of weapon of mass destruction; and monitoring the ability of countries that took an active part in the Cold War to develop new types of "destabilization weapon systems." The service is also bound to support Russian foreign policy measures vis-a-vis the West and the Chinese, Indian, Arabic, and Pacific regions. -- Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL Inc. ASSASSINATION OF PLUTONIUM PLANT MANAGER. Interfax and RFE/RL's correspondent in Chelyabinsk reported on 20 October that Vladimir Turusin, deputy director in charge of personnel matters the Radio-Chemical Plant Mayak, had been assassinated earlier that day. Mayak produces plutonium in the closed city Chelyabinsk-65. Russian Minister of Internal Affairs Viktor Erin went to the city to investigate the case. -- Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. REPLICA OF PETER THE GREAT'S SHIP IN TROUBLE. Reuters reported on 20 October that a replica of the Holy Spirit, a sailing ship built in 1702 for Peter the Great's navy, was adrift in a North Sea storm with one of the five crew members dead. The ship had been bound for Amsterdam to take part in a commemoration of Peter's visit to the Netherlands, where he studied shipbuilding. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA TAJIK DEPUTY PREMIER KILLED ON FIRST DAY OF CEASE-FIRE. Shortly before a UN-sponsored cease-fire between Tajik government and opposition forces went into effect on 20 October, Tajik Deputy Prime Minister Munavarsho Nazriev and his driver were killed when his car set off a landmine in the Garm region east of Dushanbe, Western and Russian agencies reported. A Tajik government official told Reuters later in the day that the Tajik authorities hoped the incident would not endanger the cease-fire. Uncharacteristically, the government did not immediately accuse the opposition of terrorism. A third round of talks between Tajik government and opposition representatives opened in Islamabad on 20 October, and the head of the opposition delegation, former top Tajik clergyman Akbar Turadzhonzoda, accused the government of murdering two political prisoners. The previous day Helsinki Watch announced that the Tajik government had broken its promise to the opposition to release 27 political prisoners. The opposition had made an amnesty for political prisoners a condition for continuing talks with the government. -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc. AZERI WITH WEAPONS-GRADE URANIUM SEIZED IN TURKEY. Turkish police reported on 20 October that they had seized an Azeri in Istanbul who was trying to sell 750 grams of enriched uranium obtained in Azerbaijan. According to Reuters and the Turkish news agency Anatolia, the police said the 46-year-old Azeri had obtained the uranium in Baku, crossed into Turkey from Armenia, and then traveled to Istanbul, where he attempted to sell it for $60,000. An official at an Istanbul testing center was quoted as saying that the uranium was of weapons-grade quality. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. CIS NAZARBAEV ON CIS INTEGRATION. Kazakhstan's President Nursultan Nazarbaev, one of the most articulate champions of greater economic integration within the CIS, told Interfax on the eve of the CIS summit on 21 October that the creation of an inter-CIS economic committee was the most important item on the agenda. Another issue to be discussed is Nazarbaev's March proposal for a Eurasian Union that would provide an organizational framework for an economic, monetary, and political union. Although Nazarbaev said that the idea had received considerable support within the CIS and even in the Baltic States and that some East European countries had shown an interest in it, a number of CIS heads of state have voiced serious reservations, fearing a resurrection of the USSR. Nazarbaev noted that economic integration was necessary to counter the loss of the Soviet domestic market, since the former Soviet republics had had very limited success in finding new markets. -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc. UPDATE ON UKRAINIAN-RUSSIAN FRIENDSHIP TREATY . . . The draft of the Ukrainian-Russian treaty, which will form the basis of relations between the two countries, has yet to be completed, Interfax reported on 20 October. It had initially been hoped that the agreement would be signed in early October. One of the stumbling blocks has been the issue of dual citizenship, which Ukraine unequivocally opposes. According to Dmytro Tabachnyk, the head of Ukraine's presidential staff, Russia has now agreed to remove references to this issue from the text of the treaty. Other differences center on the wording of the clauses dealing with territorial integrity and the inviolability of borders. The issue of the Black Sea Fleet has reportedly been left out, since it is so controversial. It is hoped that the differences will be resolved during the 21 October meeting between Yeltsin and Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. . . . AND BELARUSIAN-RUSSIAN FRIENDSHIP TREATY. Belarus and Russia have finished drafting a treaty on friendship and cooperation, Belarusian radio reported on 19 October. At a press conference in Moscow following the conclusion of the negotiations, Belarusian Deputy Foreign Minister Piotr Byalyaeu said the treaty did not impinge on either country's sovereignty. The agreement is meant to prevent any future misunderstandings and to strengthen economic and cultural ties. Byalyaeu stressed that cooperation with Russia was a priority for the Belarusian leadership and that it served Belarus's interests. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE UN BOSNIA OPERATIONS THREATENED BY SERB BLOCKADES. International media on 20 October reported that Serb forces are still blockading UN fuel shipments, creating a critical situation for the UN peacekeeping mission. UN spokesman Thant Myint-U says if the Serbs continue to refuse to allow fuel-carrying convoys to cross Bosnian Serb territories, the UN will run out of fuel within days, jeopardizing its ability to continue its mission. Reuters reports that UN officials suspect Bosnian Serb army General Ratko Mladic of being responsible for the blockade. Meanwhile, UN special envoy to the former Yugoslavia Yasushi Akashi on 21 October arrives in Bosnia for meetings with Bosnian government officials and Bosnian Serb leaders. He is expected to urge the Bosnian Serbs to stop blockading UN fuel and humanitarian supplies. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL Inc. MILOSEVIC ON MILITARY CAMPAIGNS IN BOSNIA. Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, in a speech delivered the previous day marking the 50th anniversary of Serbia's liberation from fascist occupation, said the Bosnian Serbs have benefited greatly from the fact that "the international community has recognized both [the Bosnian Serbs'] territory and struggle," Borba on 21 October reports. He maintained that the Bosnian Serb side has secured its objective of self-defense and that any further military campaigns would constitute "territorial aggression against others." Meanwhile, international agencies on 21 October report that Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic is not ready to welcome peace. He is quoted as saying the previous day that the world is "wasting its time" waiting for the Bosnian Serbs to accept a peace plan that would give them only 49% of Bosnia and Herzegovina. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL Inc. MACEDONIAN PRESIDENT RE-ELECTED. International agencies on 21 October report that the Macedonian Election Commission announced the previous day that President Kiro Gligorov has been re-elected, garnering roughly 52 percent of the vote in the 16 October elections. The commission also reported that some 70 percent of eligible voters took part in the ballot. The results of the parliamentary elections are to be made known on 21 October. Opposition parties have complained about election irregularities and threatened to stage demonstrations aimed at forcing new elections. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL Inc. RENEWED CALL FOR CONSOLIDATION OF KOSOVAR SHADOW STATE. The Association of Independent Kosovar Lawyers on 12 October said "the current situation in Kosovo is still tense" and "state terror continues," Rilindja reported on 13 October. The association called for the Kosovar shadow state to be consolidated faster and cooperation between its institutions to improve. The Kosovar shadow government's term of office expired in December 1993, and the new parliament has been prevented from convening by the police. Meanwhile, it appears that Fehmi Agani, the deputy leader of the main Kosovar political group, the Democratic League of Kosovo, will remain in office. He resigned in September but has since withdrawn his resignation. -- Fabian Schmidt, RFE/RL Inc. WALESA WANTS TO CHANGE POLAND'S POLITICAL SYSTEM. President Lech Walesa, speaking on 20 October at a conference in the city of Torun, said the Polish political system was "ineffective" and should be changed to give more power to the president. When asked what the "strong president" would do to improve living conditions in the country, he promised to provide details later. Walesa's demands for political change came on the heels of his strong attack on the current government for its mismanagement of economic and political matters. The president told Rzeczpospolita on 20 October that if he had the power, he would have "dismissed this government long ago." He was particularly critical of Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak, accusing him of "dragging his feet" on important decisions. "It should be written into the constitution who is the leader; until such a time, I remain convinced that a leadership is needed to conduct Polish matters and reforms. The guarantee of this is a presidential system [that] should be written into the constitution," he noted. Walesa's demands for a new political system have generally been seen as part of his campaign for reelection--the presidential ballot is scheduled for November 1995--but they also have had an impact on current politics. The president was criticized by the Sejm recently for destabilizing the country. -- Jan de Weydenthal, RFE/RL Inc. PAWLAK IN NEW YORK. Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak arrived in New York on 20 October to attend a gathering marking the 50th anniversary of the Polish National Congress, an organization representing Poles in the US. He spent his first day touring Chase Manhattan Bank and meeting with representatives of several US business corporations. The prime minister visit has been clouded by Polish press criticism of his decision to accept the "hospitality services" of several US businesses during his US trip. Most Warsaw newspapers said on 20 October that such "services" (including the use of company airplanes) should not be accepted by a head of government because he may be regarded as potentially corruptible. The Polish government, however, has ignored such criticism. -- Jan de Weydenthal, RFE/RL Inc. CZECH INTERIOR MINISTER REGRETS KILLINGS OF GERMANS. Czech and German media reported on 20 October that Jan Ruml has written to Bavarian Interior Minister Guenther Beckstein expressing regret over the death of two Germans killed by Czech police in September and at the beginning of October. The Bavarian ministry released excerpts of the letter, in which Ruml promised a careful investigation of the incidents. Ruml said he will follow the investigation very carefully. But he added that foreigners often provoke conflicts by not showing Czech policemen sufficient respect. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. CZECH CENTRAL BANK RAISES INTEREST RATES. The Czech National Bank has raised two major interest rates by half a percent, beginning 24 October. CTK quotes bank spokesman Martin Svehla as saying the rates are being increased to prevent consumer prices from soaring. He said the bank's council determined that Czech wages are increasing and economic expansion is continuing. The discount rate will be increased to 8.5 percent and the Lombard rate 11 percent. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. SLOVAK COALITION DISCUSSIONS CONTINUE. Parliament chairman and Movement for a Democratic Slovakia member Ivan Gasparovic, in an interview with TASR on 20 October, urged that a new cabinet be formed promptly, saying "the greatest tragedy" would be if new parliamentary elections had to be called. Gasparovic noted that one way out of the current political stalemate would be to set up a cabinet of experts. Meanwhile, incumbent Premier and Democratic Union Chairman Jozef Moravcik told CTK that even though the MDS refuses to talk with the Democratic Union, he can still imagine a broad coalition government including both parties. Also on 20 October representatives of the Common Choice and Hungarian coalition met for a second round of coalition talks, TASR reports. Party of the Democratic Left Chairman Peter Weiss, whose group is the dominant member of Common Choice, said the formation of a government with the Hungarians was "unrealistic," given the election results and the differences between the two groups' programs. Hungarian leaders disagreed with Weiss and said they envisioned a cabinet comprised of the current ruling parties and the Hungarians, with the support of the Association of Slovak Workers. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL Inc. MECIAR GETS TOP RATINGS IN OPINION POLL. In a poll taken by the Slovak Statistical Office between 6 and 13 October and carried by TASR on 20 October, 28 percent of the respondents chose Movement for a Democratic Slovakia Chairman Vladimir Meciar as the Slovak politician in whom they have most trust. Premier Jozef Moravcik came second with 15 percent, followed by parliament chairman Ivan Gasparovic (10 percent), President Michal Kovac and Association of Slovak Workers Chairman Jan Luptak (9 percent each) and Party of the Democratic Left Chairman Peter Weiss (8 percent). Respondents were asked to chose from among 70 politicians and to name the three they trusted most. While 15 politicians had the trust of at least 2 percent of respondents, 31 percent said they did not trust any politician. The poll differs from the one taken by Slovak Radio just after the elections, in which respondents were asked to express trust or mistrust in 21 politicians. Luptak came out on top in that poll and Meciar seventh. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL Inc. HUNGARY REPORTS DROP IN BORDER VIOLATIONS. Border Guard spokesman Colonel Attila Krisan told MTI on 20 October that border violations during the first nine months of 1994 reached nearly 19,000--13 percent down on the same period in 1993. Most of the violations were at the Austrian and Romanian borders, with Romanian citizens accounting for more than half of the violations (10,300), followed by Serbs (3,417), Ukrainians (799), Turks (856), and Bulgarians (389). Some 5,600 people were expelled from Hungary during the same period, including more than 4,000 Romanian citizens. In addition, 92,000 foreigners, half of them Romanian citizens, were refused entry into Hungary. -- Alfred Reisch, RFE/RL Inc. HUNGARIAN-RUSSIAN TRADE INCREASES. Russian Economics Ministry representative Evgenii Samorukov said Russian-Hungarian trade was increasing, with Hungary accounting for 10 percent of Russia's foreign trade in 1992 and 17 percent in 1993 He noted that Hungary had moved up from 12th to 7th position among Russia's trade partners. During the first nine months of 1994, Hungarian-Russian trade reached $3 billion. Hungary will also receive this year Russian goods worth $100 million to reduce Moscow's outstanding foreign debt to Hungary, MTI reported. -- Alfred Reisch, RFE/RL Inc. SOUTH KOREAN CARS TO BE BUILT IN ROMANIA. Western agencies reported on 20 October that the South Korea's Daewoo Motors and Romania's Automobile Craiova have agreed to produce cars at the Romanian company's plant in Craiova. Daewoo Motors will invest $306 million in the joint project and have a 51 percent majority shareholding. The production of the new cars, to be called Rodae Automobile, will begin by the end of 1995. The general manager of Automobile Craiova said the first cars will be shipped to Western Europe, but later they will also be available to buyers in Romania and other parts of Central and Eastern Europe. -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. NEW BULGARIAN PREMIER ON GOVERNMENT PRIORITIES. Reuters reported on 20 October that Bulgaria's first woman premier, Reneta Indzhova, talked to reporters in Sofia following the first meeting of her newly appointed caretaker cabinet. Indzhova said her government's priorities included fighting crime and promoting foreign investment and privatization. She did not, however, field any questions. Indzhova was named premier on 17 October, replacing Lyuben Berov. Bulgarians will vote in parliamentary elections on 18 December--for the third time since the collapse of communism in 1989. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL Inc. RIFT BETWEEN ALBANIAN SOCIALISTS AND ALIA. An unprecedented rift has emerged between former Albanian communist leader Ramiz Alia, currently serving a prison sentence, and the Albanian Socialist (formerly communist ) Party. The daily Zeri i Popullit published on 4 October an open letter from Servet Pellumbi, deputy chairman of the ASP, refuting allegations made by Alia in a letter to another Socialist leader. Pellumbi says Alia is less afraid of "the penal sentence he received than of the judgment of history, which does not recognize appeals." He claims that Alia is trying to create "splits on questions of principle" within the ASP leadership. Pellumbi also calls Alia a "coward" who used to change his position from "one hour to the next." This sharp attack on Alia could reflect a struggle within the ASP between die-hard Communists and those who want to change the party's image. -- Louis Zanga, RFE/RL Inc. BAN LIFTED ON UKRAINIAN CP. The Ukrainian Presidium of the Supreme Council voted 13 to 3 in favor of lifting the ban on the Communist Party of Ukraine, Ukrainian Radio reported on 19 October. The vote, which took place after reported irregularities in an earlier ballot in the parliament, was criticized by nationalist leaders but welcomed by left-wing groups. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. BELARUSIAN PRESIDENT INVITED TO CHINA. President of the People's Republic of China Jiang Zemin has invited Belarusian President Alyaksandr Lukashenka to visit China in January 1995, Belarusian Radio reported on 19 October. China has been developing its economic relations with the former Soviet republics and is both Russia's and Ukraine's largest non-CIS trading partner. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. LITHUANIAN BY-ELECTION TO BE POSTPONED? The Homeland Union released a statement on 20 October proposing that the by-election in Kaisiadorys be postponed, Radio Lithuania reports. The vote is scheduled to be held on 13 November. The Kaisiadorys parliament seat has been empty since February 1993, when Algirdas Brazauskas vacated it on becoming president. Four subsequent elections were deemed invalid owing to insufficient turnout. The Chief Election Commission has approved the registration of only one candidate, Liudvikas Sabutis, nominated by the Homeland Union. But since it considers such a situation "abnormal," the union calls for either extending the registration of candidates for one month or postponing the vote until 1995 so that it would coincide with the republic-wide local elections. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL Inc. MILITARY TRANSIT THROUGH LITHUANIA. Prime Minister Adolfas Slezevicius, at a press conference on 20 October, denounced opposition efforts to block a military transit agreement with Russia, Radio Lithuania reports. He said the G-24 ambassadors accredited to Lithuania recently expressed satisfaction with Lithuania's military transit policy. He noted that Russia had not officially commented on the recently approved Lithuanian military transit regulations. Seimas deputies who recently visited Moscow said at a separate press conference that Russian lawmakers were dissatisfied with these regulations and would apply pressure to make them more favorable to Russia. Russia will grant Lithuania most-favored-nation trade status only when such a military transit agreement is signed. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL Inc. ESTONIAN PRESIDENT NOMINATES TARAND AS PRIME MINISTER. Lennart Meri nominated on 20 October Environmental Protection Minister Andres Tarand to replace Mart Laar as prime minister. The parliament turned down Meri's first candidate for the position, Bank of Estonia President Siim Kallas. Tarand now has to formulate policy guidelines for the new cabinet and obtain the parliament's approval before he can go ahead with forming a new government. If the parliament fails to endorse his program, it will have to name a new prime minister. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. GROWING NUMBER OF RUSSIAN CITIZENS IN ESTONIA. Vasilii Ostapchuk of the Russian Embassy in Tallinn told BNS on 19 October that there were 52,411 Russian citizens residing in Estonia on 1 October and that their numbers were increasing. Yurii Mishin, head of the Narva Union of Russian Citizens, said local residents wishing to apply for Russian citizenship are now being issued with numbers to stand in line, presumably at the consulate, in February 1995. The Narva consulate receives 60-70 applications daily. Mishin speculated that the increase was caused by lack of clarity over non-citizens' travel documents and Russia's plans to stop granting citizenship to citizens of the former USSR under present regulations in February 1995. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. LATVIAN PARLIAMENT ENDORSES LATVIAN-RUSSIAN ACCORDS. The Saeima on 20 October supported in principle the ratification of all four Latvian-Russian accords related to the withdrawal of Russian troops from Latvia, Baltic media reported. The accords were signed by the presidents of the two countries on 30 April. The vote was 56 to 14 with 8 abstentions. The negative votes and abstentions came from deputies of Latvia's National Independence Movement, Christian-Democratic Union, the Farmers' Union, and the faction For Fatherland and Freedom. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. [As of 1200 CET] (Compiled by Penny Morvant and Jan Cleave) The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU Inquiries about specific news items should be directed as follows (please include your full postal address when inquiring about subscriptions): Mr. Brian Reed RFE/RL, Inc. 1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 Fax: (202) 457-6992 Internet: REEDB@RFERL.ORG Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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