|Forty is the old age of youth; fifty, the youth of old age. - Victor Hugo|
No. 197, 17 October 1994
RUSSIA CHECHEN OPPOSITION ATTACKS GROZNY, THEN WITHDRAWS. Opposition forces blew up an army barracks and ammunition depot in the suburbs of Grozny on 14 October and launched helicopter attacks on the city on 15 October followed by a major ground offensive, but then retreated in the early morning hours of 16 October, Russian and Western agencies reported. Former Russian parliament chairman Ruslan Khasbulatov, who on 15 October appealed to the Chechen population to avoid further bloodshed, termed the withdrawal "a criminal error," according to AFP. Opposition Provisional Council Chairman Umar Avturkhanov told ITAR-TASS that 18 supporters of President Dzhokhar Dudaev had been killed in the attack on Grozny, which he described as a reconnaissance operation; a spokesman for the Chechen armed forces said that the opposition had lost 40 men. According to Interfax, Avturkhanov said that the opposition would launch a further attack on Grozny within a few days. The situation in Grozny on 16 October was reportedly calm. Dudaev again blamed the Russian military for the attack on Grozny, ITAR-TASS reported. -- Liz Fuller, RFE/RL Inc. KOZYREV TOURS PERSIAN GULF AREA. On 16 October international media reported that Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev had concluded his tour of Persian Gulf states and was leaving for UN headquarters in New York. Kozyrev's aim in visiting the Middle East was to defuse the crisis in the Gulf region prompted by Iraqi troop movements on the border with Kuwait. A Russian-Iraqi proposal calling for the removal of international sanctions against Iraq in exchange for that country's recognition of Kuwait's borders was rejected by the US, while Saudi King Fahd said during Kozyrev's visit to his country that it was improper to seek to reward Baghdad for its aggression. On 16 October the UN Security Council voted unanimously to demand that Iraq withdraw its troops from the Kuwaiti border. Moscow had hoped to delay the vote until Kozyrev could present a report on his meetings with Saddam Hussein, but Russia did vote for the resolution. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL Inc. Queen ELIZABETH II Visits Russia. On 17 October Britain's Queen Elizabeth II arrived in Russia for a historic four-day visit, agencies reported. According to President Boris Yeltsin's foreign policy adviser Dmitrii Ryurikov, the Queen's visit is in recognition of the progress Russia has made in democratization and reform. The royal itinerary includes visits to both Moscow and St. Petersburg, where the Queen will be accompanied by Yeltsin. The Queen's spokesman made it clear, however, that she would not take part in any ceremonies connected with the reburial of the remains of the last Russian tsar, Nicholas II. Yeltsin personally was responsible for destroying the place of execution of the Tsar and his family in Ekaterinburg when he was obkom secretary there. Various Russian monarchist organizations expressed their enthusiasm for the Queen's visit. -- Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL Inc. GERASHCHENKO RESIGNS. On 14 October Viktor Gerashchenko stepped down as head of the Russian Central Bank after being asked to resign by Yeltsin, Western and Russian agencies reported. His departure had long been sought by radical reformers and was finally forced by the wild fluctuations in the value of the ruble earlier in the week. Former First Deputy Prime Minister Egor Gaidar and former Finance Minister Boris Fedorov are among those touted as possible successors. Fedorov has also been suggested as a possible replacement for Andrei Vavilov, appointed interim acting finance minister on 13 October. -- Penny Morvant, RFE/RL Inc. MAVRODI HOLDS NEWS CONFERENCE. On 14 October in the prestigious Moscow House of Journalists Sergei Mavrodi, the president of the controversial MMM joint-stock company, held his first news conference since his release from custody the previous day; he had been arrested earlier in the year on suspicion of tax violations. Hero-worshipped by MMM shareholders, Mavrodi is currently running for a seat in the State Duma and cannot be rearrested without the parliament's approval. According to Russian TV's "Vesti" on 14 October, Mavrodi thanked Zhirinovsky's ultranationalist Liberal Democratic Party for helping MMM supporters to bring about his release. (He apparently made no mention of other political groups, such as the Democratic Russia Movement, that had also taken up the cudgels in his defense.) "Vesti" also cited Mavrodi as saying he planed to transform the Union of MMM Shareholders (believed to have up to 100,000 members) into a political party. -- Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. RUSSIAN REFUGEES. On 13 October Segodnya published a long article by ethnographer Vladimir Kozlov condemning what he called "alarmist" tendencies in the coverage of refugee problems in the Russian media. Kozlov took issue with the widespread belief that all 25.3 million ethnic Russians and the slightly more than 3 million other peoples of the Russian Federation currently residing in the "near abroad" could be viewed as potential refugees. According to Kozlov, 25 percent of all refugees in Russia come from Tajikistan, 15 percent each from Georgia and Azerbaijan, over 13 percent from Chechnya and Ingushetia, and 6-8 percent from Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. He pointed out that only 1.5 percent came from Latvia and Estonia, which are systematically accused of discrimination in the Russian media. He added that most refugees were highly qualified Russian-speakers from big cities, remarking that even the US would be envious of such high-caliber immigrants. Meanwhile, in another Russian newspaper, Obshchaya gazeta, Andrei Fadin contended that the plight of "Russians in the near abroad" was being used by the authorities to further their goal of restoring the empire and that they planned to use Russian minorities as a "fifth column" in the countries of their residence. -- Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. IRAN RUSSIA'S LARGEST ARMS CUSTOMER IN 1993. According to the second annual UN arms register, published on 13 October, Russia exported 100 tanks, 80 armored combat vehicles (ACVs), and one warship to Iran in 1993, making the latter Russia's largest arms customer. The Russians also reported the export of 20 tanks, 35 ACVs, and 14 large-caliber artillery systems to Angola, as well as 115 ACVs to Turkey, 95 to the United Arab Emirates, 12 to Bangladesh, and 20 to Uzbekistan. Thirty-three combat aircraft were exported: 28 MiG-29s to Hungary and five to Slovakia. Both these deals were in partial settlement of outstanding Soviet debts to Hungary and Slovakia, so Russia would have earned no money from them. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. MILITARY WARNS OF DANGERS FROM LACK OF MONEY. An unnamed Defense Ministry source told Interfax on 15 October that lack of money to dispose of outdated weapons properly could lead to accidents; he gave as an example 85 nuclear submarines retired but still at their former bases. He said that the Finance Ministry owed the military about 9 trillion rubles and that the lack of funds would mean housing could be provided to less than half the number of officers for whom it had originally been planned. The following day Admiral Oleg Erofeev, the commander of the Russian Northern Fleet, warned that a "catastrophic situation" was developing as his fleet prepared for the winter. He said that his units had only 51 percent of the diesel fuel they needed and that there was not enough money to pay for water or electricity. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. RUSSIAN AND US FIRMS SIGN SPACE CONTRACT. Interfax reported on 15 October that Lockheed Corporation and Russia's Khrunichev State Space Research and Scientific-Production Center had signed a contract that day for Khrunichev to build the first component of the planned Alpha international orbiting space station. This component--an airtight compartment--would involve some 60 Russian and several Ukrainian plants. The unit will eventually be launched by a Russian Proton booster from the Baikonur space center. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA RAKHMONOV REQUESTS UN ELECTION OBSERVERS. Tajikistan's head of state, Supreme Soviet Chairman Imomali Rakhmonov, has asked UN Secretary- General Boutros Boutros-Ghali to send observers to monitor the presidential election and referendum on 6 November, ITAR-TASS reported on 15 October. Rakhmonov appears to prefer UN monitors to those from the CSCE, perhaps because of CSCE criticism of the draft constitution that is to be the subject of the November referendum, and also of Tajikistan's election law. The CSCE decided at a meeting in Vienna on 6 October not to send observers to monitor the Tajik election. ITAR-TASS noted that the Tajik opposition was continuing to refuse to take part in the election on the grounds that opposition groups had had no chance to nominate a candidate. -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc. GEORGIA'S MILITARY DOCTRINE. Citing "well-informed sources in Tbilisi," Interfax reported on 14 October that the Georgian leadership intended to integrate the semi-autonomous National Guard into the country's armed forces, apparently in response to the creation by opposition political figures, including former Defense Minister and National Guard leader Tengiz Kitovani, of the National Union for the Liberation of Abkhazia, which aims to restore Georgian hegemony over the breakaway region by military means. Kitovani was said to have circulated his draft of an "exclusively defensive" military doctrine for Georgia, which provides for the expansion of the army from 15,000 to 20,000 men. This draft and alternatives will be debated by the Georgian parliament. -- Liz Fuller, RFE/RL Inc. MORE REPERCUSSIONS IN AZERBAIJAN. On 14 October the Azerbaijan People's Assembly voted to arrest former Prime Minister Suret Huseinov on charges of treason in connection with his involvement in the attempted coup earlier this month, Interfax reported; according to parliament chairman Rasul Guliev, Huseinov failed to meet with President Heidar Aliev as scheduled on 10 October and his present whereabouts are unknown. Agriculture Minister Muzamil Abdullaev and Security Minister Nariman Imranov have also been arrested on suspicion of complicity in the coup attempt, Interfax and Western agencies reported on 16 October. -- Liz Fuller, RFE/RL Inc. CIS SUMMIT NOT TO DEAL WITH MILITARY COOPERATION. Although originally on the agenda, the draft concept for collective security of the nine CIS states that have signed the Treaty on Collective Defense will not be considered at the CIS summit on 21 October, Interfax reported on 16 October. The draft concept had been initialed by the foreign and defense ministers of eight of the nine states on 20 June; only Uzbekistan had reservations. Interfax was told that Russia had proposed that the concept be dropped from the agenda. The same sources also said the CIS leaders would not discuss expanding military cooperation. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. KIEV HARDENS POSITIONS ON BLACK SEA FLEET. Interfax reported on 14 October that the latest Russian-Ukrainian talks on sharing the assets of the Black Sea Fleet had produced practically no results. The next day, Ukrainian officials announced--at least for public consumption--rather extreme positions on the issue. Volodymyr Mukhin, the chairman of the Ukrainian parliament's commission for defense and state security, was quoted as saying that the Ukrainian delegation was proceeding from the principle that all the military fleets of the former Soviet Union should be divided up, not just the Black Sea Fleet. He said that Ukraine's share of the Soviet Navy amounted to 96 percent of the Black Sea Fleet, so "the Russian side can take its 4 percent--one single vessel--right now, and the question will be over." An unnamed Ukrainian diplomat told the agency that the defense and international affairs commissions of his country's parliament were of the opinion that the previous agreements between Presidents Yeltsin and Kravchuk contradicted Ukrainian interests and could not be used as the basis for further talks. The diplomat said the Ukrainian delegation had "reconsidered its line" as a result of the commissions views. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE BULGARIAN PRESIDENT DISSOLVES PARLIAMENT, APPOINTS INTERIM PREMIER. President Zhelyu Zhelev on 17 October dissolved the Bulgarian parliament, paving the way for early elections, RFE/RL's Bulgarian Service reports. The previous day the president appointed economist and Privatization Agency head Reneta Indzhova as prime minister. Indzhova, the first woman to be appointed premier in Bulgaria, is charged with presiding over a newly appointed caretaker government. Zhelev said elections will take place on 18 December. The government of Lyuben Berov resigned in early September. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL Inc. MACEDONIAN ELECTIONS TAKE PLACE AMID CONTROVERSY. International media reported on 16 October that the first round of the presidential and parliamentary elections have taken place in Macedonia. Exit polls suggest that, as expected, President Kiro Gligorov will easily be reelected. But incomplete data show that only 41% of the electorate voted, which is 10% less than the number required for the presidential election to be valid. There were also reports of irregularities, with polling lists going missing. The leading Albanian-language daily in Skopje indicated on 14 October that the ethnic Albanian minority would participate in the election, but it is not clear how many Albanians voted. The Albanian minority constitutes 20-40% of the republic's population (statistics vary widely) but has been plagued by political in-fighting in recent months. It has also charged the authorities with manipulating citizenship laws so as to disenfranchise 150,000 potential Albanian voters. Official election results are expected on 17 October, but whatever they show, they are likely to be challenged by the losers. -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. BOSNIAN UPDATE. Reuters on 16 October quoted Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic as accusing the international community of "pandering to the Serbs and ignoring the plight of Sarajevo." The prime minister said the outside world was treating the siege of Sarajevo as "a natural catastrophe [not as] a man-made catastrophe." He demanded more NATO air strikes. Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic, for his part, said no territory "that the Serb soldier has liberated and protected should be surrendered." Meanwhile, government forces remained in the demilitarized zone near Sarajevo, while Serb forces tried to take the high ground in the Cemerska Planina area, to the north of the zone. Finally, Ismet Spahic, deputy to the republic's leading Muslim cleric Mustafa Ceric, denied reports that Ceric tried to ban all sales of pork in Sarajevo. Spahic claimed the ban would apply only to those shops selling meat to Muslims. It is difficult to see what is actually meant in practice, however, since most meat shops in the city are not organized along religious lines and since bacon is a staple of the Bosnian diet in winter, which is now setting in. -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. RENEWED INFLATION IN RUMP YUGOSLAVIA? Reuters on 17 October reports that National Bank Governor Dragoslav Avramovic's economic recovery program may be heading for trouble. The price of many basic consumer items has doubled in the past several months, according to the report. Nonetheless, Avramovic continues to maintain that inflation is well under control. An unidentified Western diplomat observes that Avramovic can apparently defend his economic program only by concealing crucial facts. "There's suspicion that the [government] figures are being cooked to make the programme look good," he said. -- Stan Markotich, RFE/RL Inc. CENTRAL EUROPEAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS APPEAL FOR SPIRITUAL REVIVAL. Following a three day conference in Warsaw, Central Europe's Catholic bishops on 15 October issued an appeal to other European Christian Churches to cooperate in bringing together all European nations through a "new evangelization" that would take into account contemporary issues and problems. Emphasizing the need for such an approach, the bishops said "mere changes in the [region's] economic and political system are not sufficient to overcome completely the vestiges of the totalitarian system. There is a need to restore the basic moral values and bring about a deep moral and spiritual . . . revival." The Warsaw daily Gazeta Wyborcza on 17 October reported that the conference focused on the importance of ecumenism in today's Central Europe, particularly in relations between the Catholic and the Orthodox Churches. -- Jan de Weydenthal, RFE/RL Inc. POLISH ECONOMY AFTER NINE MONTHS. According to government reports, the Polish economy registered a growth in exports (15.8% over the same period in 1993) and production in the first nine months of 1994. Inflation continues to be a major obstacle to economic progress, threatening to exceed 30% by year's end (in September alone it reached 4.2%). Germany has remained Poland's main trade partner (accounting for 34% of exports and 27% of imports), but the most dynamic growth in exports was with Russia (66.8% over the same period in 1993). A recent World Bank report predicts annual growth in Poland of about 5% over the next five years, although it expresses concern about the continuing preponderance of the state sector in the economy and advises that inflation be trimmed. -- Jan de Weydenthal, RFE/RL Inc. CZECH AMBASSADOR MISHANDLED BY UKRAINIAN POLICE. The car of Czech Ambassador to Ukraine Pavel Masa was stopped by Ukrainian policemen during the diplomat's trip to Zaporizhzhya Oblast. CTK reports that according to witnesses, the drunken policemen threatened the car's driver with a gun and used abusive language toward the passengers, including the ambassador. They also tried to enter the car, threatening passengers with machine guns and leaving only after they received the sum of money they had demanded. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. SLOVAK COALITION TALKS CONTINUE. The Republican Council of the Party of the Democratic Left on 15 October voted to retain the party's current leadership, with Peter Weiss as chairman, TASR reports. Weiss said his party disagrees with attempts to dismiss President Michal Kovac as well as other politically motivated changes to the constitutional system. He also noted that the PDL will consider participating only in a broad coalition government. The PDL's stance will complicate the efforts of the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia to form a government. MDS member and parliament chairman Ivan Gasparovic on 14 October said his party and the Slovak National Party, which are expected to win the tacit support of the Association of Slovak Workers, were still looking for a fourth partner. ASW Deputy Chairman Jan Kocnar said in an interview with TASR on 15 October that his party remains firm about its decision not to participate in a new cabinet but said it is willing to confirm in writing its support for a new governing coalition--on condition that the ASW does not support laws opposed to workers' interests. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL Inc. HUNGARIAN PREMIER, ETHNIC LEADERS REASSURE EACH OTHER. Parliamentary deputies from the Hungarian Democratic Union of Romania met on 14 October with Hungarian Premier Gyula Horn, MTI reported. They admitted that they initially had reservations about the new Budapest coalition government and feared it would seek to improve relations with Romania at the expense of the Magyar minority there. Today, they said, those who trust the new government outnumber those who still distrust it. Horn said Hungary would oppose any development violating Magyar minority rights and added that Romania's education law was indeed in violation of those rights. The chairman of Hungary's parliamentary committee on human rights and minority issues told HDUR deputies that Hungary's new law on self-administration for minorities could lead to a breakthrough in the minorities' efforts at achieving various forms of autonomy. -- Alfred Reisch, RFE/RL Inc. ROMANIAN CHURCH LEADER VISITS HUNGARY. The head of the Romanian Orthodox Church, Bucharest Patriarch Teoctist, arrived in Hungary on 16 October for his first visit ever to that country , MTI reports. He dedicated an Orthodox church at Mehkerek, Bekes County, where most of Hungary's 25,000-strong Romanian minority live. The patriarch is to meet with President Arpad Goncz, Culture Minister Gabor Fodor, and representatives from Hungary's Office for National and Ethnic Minorities on 17 October. -- Alfred Reisch, RFE/RL Inc. BRITISH COUPLE SENTENCED IN ROMANIAN BABY-SMUGGLING CASE. International media reported on 14 October that a Bucharest court found the British couple Adrian and Bernadette Mooney guilty of attempting to smuggle a five-month-old baby out of the country in July. The couple were sentenced to two years and four months in prison. Their lawyer said she will immediately appeal the sentence. The court also sentenced three Romanians involved in the smuggling to two years and eight months each. The baby's unmarried parents were given one-year prison terms, which they will begin serving when they turn 18. The court granted the British embassy's request that the couple remain free pending the appeal, but they were prohibited from leaving Romania. -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. ROMANIA LOSES ANOTHER SOVIET-MADE PLANE. Radio Bucharest announced on 15 October that another Soviet-made jet crashed near the southern town of Alexandria. The radio said this was the ninth crash this year, but Reuters quoted a Romanian official as saying the plane--a MiG-21--was the tenth to crash in 1994. A military commission has been set up to investigate the incident. -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. ROMANIA SAYS NEW CHOLERA OUTBREAK TRACED TO TURKEY. Rompres on 16 October quoted health authorities as saying they have traced the recent outbreak of cholera to Turkey. Almost 100 Romanians have been diagnosed as suffering from the disease. The Health Ministry reports that border officials at Vama Veche, southern Romania, have stopped 23 people with cholera symptoms from entering the country. All were Romanian workers at a brick factory near Tekirdag, close to the Turkish-Bulgarian border. Fourteen were found to be suffering from the disease. The ministry also reports there has been an outbreak of cholera in the village where the factory is located. Of the 80 or so Romanians who work there, one has died and seven have been hospitalized. -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. ROMANIAN-MOLDOVAN DISPUTE OVER ILIESCU STATEMENT. Romanian President Ion Iliescu, speaking at the international Forum for Romanian Spirituality, which convened on 15 and 16 October at Herculane, said the participants from "Bessarabia" (that is, the Moldovan Republic) were not "diaspora Romanians but rather hosts of this gathering." He went on to note that "Bessarabia" was a second Romanian state and that it was "sad" that "some contest the Romanianness of the Bessarabians and the Moldovans." Iliescu also explained that historical Moldova was "more than today's Republic of Moldova" and that the Moldovans had "never considered themselves a nation different from the rest of Romanians." Reacting to the statement, President Mircea Snegur was quoted by Radio Bucharest as saying he is attempting "not to complicate things" and wants to expand bilateral ties at all levels. At the same time, he noted he was "duty-bound to implement the will of the people," as expressed in a poll earlier this year. -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. UKRAINIAN PARLIAMENT FAILS TO LIFT BAN ON PRIVATIZATION. Ukraine's parliament has failed to agree on changes to existing privatization mechanisms that would lift the 3-month ban on privatization, Reuters reported on 14 October. Privatization was suspended in July because deputies charged that the process was riddled with corruption and out of control. Failure to proceed with privatization may delay, if not jeopardize, a $360 million loan from the IMF as well as credits being negotiated with the World Bank. The debate is to continue after new proposals on the privatization process have been drafted. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. UKRAINIAN LANDLORDS AGAINST SEPARATING RENTAL PROPERTIES FROM PRIVATIZATION PROCESS. The Union of Landlords and Entrepreneurs in Ukraine is categorically opposed to separating rental properties from the privatization process, Ukrainian Radio reported on 13 October. The union argues that it is in the landlords' interest to treat rental properties as private businesses. There are fears that draft legislation on rental properties will be further delayed and and that such properties will not be treated as business enterprises if they become a separate issue. President of the union Viktor Milyuvsky says the proposed law not only violates the rights of 2.5 million property owners in Ukraine but also contravenes international conventions on business and discrimination. The union is to meet with State Treasury officials on 20 October to try to resolve their differences. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. BELARUSIAN PRIME MINISTER IN US. Belarusian Television on 13 October reported that Prime Minister Mikhail Chyhir arrived in Washington to meet with US government officials and representatives of the World Bank and IMF. Western officials want to discuss economic reform in Belarus. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. LITHUANIA, BELARUS AGREE ON DISPUTED RAIL STATION. Belarusian Deputy Foreign Minister Stanislau Ahurtsau told BNS on 14 October that a compromise was reached the previous day on the Adustiskis railroad station. Belarus is to have control over the station's main track and three service tracks, while Lithuania will receive the station building and one service track. The resolution of this last disputed border issue should accelerate the signing of a bilateral border agreement, to be discussed at the next round of border talks in Vilnius on 26 October. The agreement will go into effect when signed by the two countries' presidents and ratified by their parliaments. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL Inc. NUCLEAR FUEL RODS LEAVE ESTONIA. Juri Tikk, the Estonian government's special representative in Paldiski, said the nuclear fuel rods from the two reactors at the former submarine base at Paldiski were taken by train without incident from Estonia to Russia on 15 October, Western agencies reported on 16 October. Under an agreement signed on 30 July, Russia must complete the dismantling of the reactors by 30 September 1995. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL Inc. RUSSIAN OFFICIAL OBJECTS TO LATVIA'S ADMISSION TO COUNCIL OF EUROPE. Deputy Speaker of the Russia Federation Council Ramazan Abdulatipov sent a letter to the CSCE High Commissioner Max van der Stoel, published in Nezavisimaja Gazeta on 14 October, arguing Latvia must not be admitted to the Council of Europe until its ethno-political situation has improved. Abdulatipov claimed that "Latvia's admission to the CE would mean that Western countries support Latvian radicals' ethnic cleansing policy." He also said it would be perceived in Russia as support for Latvia's territorial claims against Russia and further complicate Russia's unfavorable political situation. The Latvian Embassy in Moscow issued a statement the same day rejecting Abdulatipov's charges as "irresponsible" and "untrue." It noted that Latvia was not advancing territorial claims against Russia and that such statements are misleading. The embassy also pointed out that some 325,000 ethnic Russians have been granted Latvian citizenship and that the figure will grow as a result of naturalization, BNS and Interfax reported on 14 and 15 October. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. LATVIA AND EGYPT TO COOPERATE IN TRADE AND TECHNOLOGY. Latvian Foreign Minister Valdis Birkavs and Egyptian Ambassador to Latvia Hamdy Mohamed Ibrahim Nada on 12 October signed a cooperation accord in trade, technology, and science. LETA reported the next day that an intergovernment committee will be formed to coordinate efforts. The following day, Nada met with Latvian President Guntis Ulmanis and discussed the opening of a Latvian embassy in Cairo. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. [As of 1200 CET] (Compiled by Penny Morvant and Jan Cleave) The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU Inquiries about specific news items should be directed as follows (please include your full postal address when inquiring about subscriptions): Mr. Brian Reed RFE/RL, Inc. 1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 Fax: (202) 457-6992 Internet: REEDB@RFERL.ORG Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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