|It matters if you don't just give up. - Stephen Hawking|
RFE/RL DAILY REPORT
NO. 190, 6 OCTOBER 1994
RUSSIA FIRST DAY OF NEW PARLIAMENTARY SESSION. The autumn session of the Federal Assembly opened on 5 October, a month later than scheduled owing to repairs to its headquarters. In both chambers the day began with the playing of the Russian national anthem and was followed by the reading of a message from the president and speakers' reports; little of substance appears to have been accomplished. Only one question was on the agenda of the State Duma--the schedule for the 264 laws that the lower chamber is due to adopt during the current session. The deputies failed, however, to agree upon the order of the bills to be considered, and the vote was postponed until the next day. In the course of the debates, the leader of the communist faction, Gennadii Zyuganov, suggested that a bill on early presidential elections be given top priority. For their part, members of the Council of the Federation were unable to reach agreement on the single point on their agenda--the continuation of the state of emergency in North Ossetia, the republic that a year ago was the site of bloody ethnic conflicts between two Caucasian nations. The state of emergency, imposed by a presidential decree that the deputies were to confirm, is to remain in effect until 2 December. The president of North Ossetia, Akhsarbek Galazov, supported the measure, but his Ingush counterpart, Ruslan Aushev, opposed it. After heated debates during a closed session of the upper chamber, deputies decided to postpone the issue until the following day. Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL, Inc. COMMUNIST URGES INVESTIGATION OF YELTSIN FOR ALCOHOLISM. The State Duma's opening session was relatively calm owing to a boycott by Vladimir Zhirinovsky's Liberal Democratic Party. The opposition criticized the president and the government but in considerably less forthright terms than those generally used by Zhirinovsky and his supporters. Scandal erupted only when a communist deputy, Viktor Ilyukhin, suggested that a parliamentary commission be set up to investigate Yeltsin's drinking habits. Ilyukhin claimed that the Russian president was suffering from alcoholism and was therefore unfit for office. The charge was rejected by the rest of the house following a speech by its chairman, Ivan Rybkin, who pointed out that similar allegations had been made in the old parliament, dissolved by presidential decree a year before, and that they had proved counterproductive for Yeltsin's accusers. Once a deputy USSR prosecutor-general, Ilyukhin gained nationwide notoriety in 1991 when he formally leveled a charge of high treason against the then Soviet president, Mikhail Gorbachev, for agreeing to the independence of the three Baltic States. Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL, Inc. MORE ON YELTSIN'S COALITION WITH THE COMMUNISTS. On 5 October an RFE/RL correspondent in Moscow identified Egor Stroev as the "Communist" the Yeltsin administration had in mind when talking of "a coalition government." Stroev, now the elected governor of Orel Oblast, served as the Communist Party agriculture chief during the last part of the Gorbachev era. Meanwhile, the current leader of the Communist Party, Gennadii Zyuganov, told Russian TV's "Vesti" that his party would not agree to join the Chernomyrdin government as long as the latter continued the "present disastrous course" of market-oriented reform. For their part, the economists Grigorii Yavlinsky and Boris Fedorov--liberal opponents of the current reform course--told "Vesti" that the Chernomyrdin government was already made up of Communists and that there was therefore no point in making a fuss about the possibility of including others. However, the very fact that the government wanted to embrace members of the hard-line opposition, Yavlinsky added, proved that the government felt "unstable." Ivan Rybkin, the speaker of the State Duma, drew a different conclusion at a news conference also on 5 October. The editor of the newspaper Liberal, published by Vladimir Zhirinovsky's ultranationalist Liberal Democratic Party, asked Rybkin why Communists rather than LDP members had been invited to join the coalition. Because one must be a good professional and refrain from triggering scandals to qualify for the post of government minister, Rybkin replied. Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIANS SINK JAPANESE FISHING BOAT. Russian border forces sank a Japanese fishing boat on 4 October off one of the Russian-held islands in the southern Kuril chain that is claimed by Japan. Vice Admiral Nikolai Kudinov, commander of the Border Troops' naval forces, told ITAR-TASS the following day that the crew of the fishing boat had not responded to signals or warning shots. There were no injuries. Kudinov said that 700 vessels--most of them Japanese--had violated Russian territorial waters in the Far East so far this year. His service would continue to defend the Russian border, he said, and would not tolerate "the predatory plundering of our resources." Kyodo announced on 5 October that the Russian ambassador had been summoned to the Japanese Foreign Ministry to receive a protest over the incident. It explained that the Japanese had so far rejected a fisheries treaty with Russia for fear that it might be interpreted as an acknowledgment of Russian sovereignty over the disputed islands. Doug Clarke, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA AZERBAIJAN COUP FAILS. Addressing a meeting of several hundred thousand supporters in Baku's Azadlyg square during the evening of 5 October, Azerbaijan's president Heidar Aliev claimed that the attempt to gain control of Gyandzha and several other cities in what he termed a coup attempt orchestrated by Azerbaijan's enemies abroad, had failed, and order had been restored, Russian and Western agencies reported. In an address on Azerbaijani television earlier that day, Aliev had named former President Ayaz Mutalibov as being behind the coup. Some of the rebels had allegedly fled, others were under arrest; three government troops had been killed restoring control of the Gyandzha airport. Interfax characterized the situation in Baku as relatively quiet and quoted National Independence Party chairman Etibar Mamedov as affirming that the threat of a coup attempt was over. Speaking at a news conference earlier on 5 October, Prime Minister Suret Huseinov refuted charges by Aliev that his supporters had participated in the attempt to take control of Gyandzha; he claimed that local residents dissatisfied with the corrupt local governor had instigated the unrest. Also on 5 October, the Azerbaijani parliament convened and approved the state of emergency imposed on Baku by Aliev on 3 October. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. INTERNATIONAL REACTION TO EVENTS IN AZERBAIJAN. The Russian government issued a statement on 5 October characterizing Azerbaijan as "a neighborly, friendly state and a member of the CIS," and condemning "unconstitutional actions against the legally elected president," according to ITAR-TASS. The Turkish Foreign Ministry similarly expressed support for Aliev, Reuters reported. An RFE/RL correspondent quoted a US State Department spokesman as calling on all sides in the standoff to work together for a peaceful solution to the crisis. ITAR-TASS quoted an Armenian presidential spokesman as expressing concern lest instability in Azerbaijan jeopardize progress on a settlement of the Karabakh conflict. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. ARMENIA JOINS PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE. On 5 October Armenia became the 23rd country to join the NATO Partnership for Peace, Western and Russian agencies reported. At the signing ceremony, Foreign Minister Vazgen Papazyan said that Armenia's membership of PFP could help stabilize the situation in the Transcaucasus, but he ruled out direct NATO participation in resolving the Karabakh conflict. Deputy Foreign Minister Eduard Zuloyan told ITAR-TASS on 4 October that PFP membership would facilitate greater participation by Armenia in the CSCE and the North Atlantic Assembly and to modernizing and raising the effectiveness of the country's armed forces. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. PREPARATIONS BEGIN IN TAJIKISTAN FOR UN OBSERVERS. A group of UN technicians arrived in Tajikistan on 4 October, a Tajik Foreign Ministry official told Interfax the following day, to examine working conditions for UN military observers due to be stationed in the Central Asian state. The observers are to monitor compliance with a cease-fire agreement negotiated in September between the Tajik government and the Tajik opposition, elements of which are conducting guerrilla attacks on the Tajik-Afghan border and inside Tajikistan aimed at dislodging the neo-communist regime in Dushanbe. The cease-fire is to go into effect when the UN observers are in place, but a date for their arrival has not been made public. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. FORMAL START OF ELECTION CAMPAIGN IN TAJIKISTAN. The presidential election campaign in Tajikistan formally begins on 7 October, but there have already been complaints from the supporters of one candidate, former Prime Minister Abdumalik Abdullodzhonov, that parliament chairman and present head of state Imomali Rakhmonov has already begun campaigning, Interfax reported on 5 October. Central Election Commission Chairman Kadriddin Giesov denied knowledge of the complaints, or of charges that local authorities were being pressured to support Rakhmonov's candidacy. According to Interfax, four meetings have already been held in support of Rakhmonov, who has been nominated by a variety of public organizations including the official trade unions and youth league. The only two candidates so far are Rakhmonov and Abdullodzhonov, although some leaders of opposition groups have expressed interest in taking part in the election. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. CIS "YELTSIN DOCTRINE," "KOZYREV DOCTRINE." Interviewed on Ostankino TV on 5 October, Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev termed Yeltsin's views on Russia's integrationist role in the CIS, as enunciated in the president's address to the UN General Assembly on 26 September, "the Yeltsin doctrine," ITAR-TASS reported. In that speech Yeltsin described the territory of the former Soviet Union as a sphere of vital Russian interests and the newly independent states as Russia's "blood relatives," and claimed a special role for Russia as peacemaker. As with previous "doctrines," such as the Brezhnev doctrine, its attribution to the supreme leader is overstated, since the same views had been fully enunciated earlier by other officials (albeit with the leader's approval), in this case by Kozyrev himself. Indeed Nezavisimaya gazeta of 5 October described the claim to a "Russian sphere of influence" in the former Soviet space as "the Kozyrev doctrine." Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIA CHALLENGES CSCE OVER KARABAKH. Yeltsin's special envoy for Karabakh negotiations, Vladimir Kazimirov, told Interfax on 6 October that "Russia is not satisfied with the activity of the CSCE's Minsk group" (which pursues a settlement under CSCE auspices and of which Russia is a member, while Russia is conducting a separate and rival set of negotiations with the parties involved). "There are constant attempts to formalize the Group's primacy, to emphasize the CSCE's leading role. . . . Some countries are trying to use the CSCE as a cover for their geopolitical interests, rather than as a conflict resolution mechanism. Some people would like to minimize Russia's role and exclude the CIS from the process," Kazimirov said. He disclosed that he had expressed his objections in a message to the Minsk Group's chairman, Jan Eliasson, but the latter's "reply written in half-apologetic and half-aggrieved tones did not satisfy Russia." At a recent meeting of the CSCE's Committee of Senior Officials, Russia was criticized for undercutting the CSCE's Karabakh mediation. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE CRIMEAN PRESIDENT STRIPPED OF POWERS. The Crimean parliament voted on 5 October by 67 to 5 to pass amendments to the Crimean Constitution stripping Yurii Meshkov of his powers as head of government, ITAR-TASS reported. Ministerial and key judicial appointments will from now on be made by the legislature, and the government will be headed by a prime minister backed by parliament. Before the vote, Meshkov reportedly advised parliament not to pass the amendments. He said the ongoing rift between himself and parliament might lead to a clash between Crimea and the Ukrainian authorities, resulting in the abrogation of Crimea's autonomy. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. BELGRADE AIRPORT REOPENS. International media reported on 5 October that Belgrade airport formally reopened to international air traffic and that Russian special envoy Vitaly Churkin arrived on an Aeroflot flight to mark the occasion. He held talks with Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, whom he told that the conditions for lifting the remaining sanctions include rump Yugoslavia's recognition of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Washington Post ran a commentary, however, explaining in figures that the international monitoring of Milosevic's declared blockade of his erstwhile Bosnian Serb allies is highly ineffective. Croatia, for its part, reminded Serbia's JAT airlines that it has large outstanding debts to Zagreb airport and to Croatian firms. Reuters noted that the European Union is now considering new links with Croatia as a kind of compensation for the partial easing of sanctions against Serbia-Montenegro. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. SERBS FORCE MORE MUSLIMS OUT OF EASTERN BOSNIA. Reuters and AFP reported on 5 October that some 100 Muslim civilians from the Rogatica area were brought by Serb forces to Muslim front lines across a bridge in central Sarajevo. The Bosnian authorities had been expecting prisoners to be released there as part of a previously agreed exchange, and it was not immediately clear how the expulsion of the civilians would affect the swap. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. TENSIONS BETWEEN SLOVENIA AND CROATIA. RFE/RL's South Slavic Language Service reported on 5 October that a new electoral boundaries law was passed by the Slovenian parliament on 3 October that included four Croatian villages in Slovenian voting districts. The Croatian legislature on 5 October sharply condemned the move, which Slovenian Foreign Minister Lojze Peterle said was against Slovenian government policy. The 6 October Zagreb dailies are nonetheless angry about the perceived provocation from the Slovenian parliament, which Vecernji list suggests has its roots in the ambitions of certain Slovenian nationalist politicians. Slovenia and Croatia have had uneasy relations since independence in 1991, ostensibly because of a host of unresolved border and economic issues, including the status of Croatian guest workers in Slovenia, Slovenian property rights in Croatia, Croatian deposits in the Ljubljanska Banka, funding of the Krsko nuclear reactor, and the exact land and maritime boundary between the two republics, with the related question of Slovenia's access to the open sea. These issues, however, could be resolved in a few weeks with a measure of statesmanship and good will. The real reason for the tensions is deep mutual mistrust stemming from the perception of each side that the other left it in the lurch during its 1991 war against Belgrade. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. POLISH GOVERNMENT PLANS TO IMPOSE CONTROL OVER PRESS AGENCY. Rzeczpospolita on 6 October reports that the government is preparing a law that would place the Polish Press Agency (PAP) under the control of the Prime Minister's Office. The report said the agency will not be privatized and will be overseen by a Board of Directors appointed by the head of the Prime Minister's Office and a Program Board named by the prime minister himself. The agency would be obliged to "popularize the positions [taken by] the parliament, the president, and the Council of Ministers." It would be financed through grants provided directly by the Prime Minister's Office. Jan de Weydenthal, RFE/RL, Inc. CZECH PRIME MINISTER IN PHILIPPINES AND SOUTH KOREA. During a stopover in Manila on 5 October, Vaclav Klaus met with Philippine Deputy Prime Minister Joseph Estrada to discuss economic cooperation. CTK reports that several Czech firms will participate in major development projects in the Philippines. The same day Klaus met with South Korean President Kim Jong-Sam in Seoul. They discussed economic cooperation and focused on South Korea's interest in helping modernize the Czech telecommunications system. Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. SLOVAK PRESIDENT ADDRESSES COUNCIL OF EUROPE. Addressing the Council of Europe Assembly on 5 October, Michal Kovac noted that Slovakia has fulfilled all the recommendations made by the council when it joined the organization. He also stressed Slovakia's willingness to sign the council's convention on minorities, which, he said, should be recognized as setting standards for all European nations. At the same time, Kovac said any form of territorial autonomy for ethnic minorities in Slovakia would mean "political destabilization." Slovakia supports individual rather than collective rights for minorities, he noted: "Only freedom of an individual can guarantee freedom of a state." On returning to Bratislava, Kovac said at a press conference that he "can imagine" cooperation with Movement for a Democratic Slovakia Chairman Vladimir Meciar as premier; however, both need to take steps to repair mutual relations. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. MECIAR ON FUTURE SLOVAK GOVERNMENT. In an interview with Slovenska Republika on 5 October, Meciar said the results of the elections are "problematic" since his party did not gain a majority. But he noted that the MDS will look first to the Slovak National Party and the Association of Slovak Workers to form a coalition, since their platforms are the closest to his party's. Meciar also said he would ask the Constitutional Court to rule on the legitimacy of the Democratic Union's participation in the elections, claiming that the party did not have 10,000 valid signatures when it registered. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. FINAL BREAKDOWN OF NEW SLOVAK PARLIAMENT. The Slovak Election Commission announced on 5 October the distribution of the 150 parliamentary seats following the recent elections, TASR reports. The Movement for a Democratic Slovakia-Peasant Party coalition has 61 seats, the Common Choice coalition 18, the Hungarian coalition and the Christian Democratic Movement 17 each, the Democratic Union 15, the Association of Slovak Workers 13, and the Slovak National Party 9. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNGARIAN OPPOSITION PARTIES OBJECT TO NEW ELECTION LAW. Hungary's opposition parties have objected to the new law on local elections passed by parliament on 30 September and signed by President Arpad Goncz on 5 October, MTI reports. The new law simplifies election procedures and lowers the turnout threshold required to validate the elections. The opposition parties fear that the new law will give the ruling Hungarian Socialist Party (former Communists) an advantage in the upcoming local elections, scheduled for 11 December. Tamas Deutsch, caucus leader of the opposition Alliance of Young Democrats, noted that during the Horn government's first 80 days in office, the process of "changing the regime has been interrupted." The opposition parties hoped the president would not sign the law. But Goncz said that he believed no consensus could be reached and that the local elections would have to be postponed if he did not sign. Judith Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc. KING MICHAEL TO VISIT ROMANIA? Opposition Senators Alexandru Paleologu and Ioan Diaconescu announced on 5 October that the exiled Romanian monarch plans to arrive in Romania on 7 October to participate in a seminar marking the 50th anniversary of the overthrow of Marshal Ion Antonescu's regime. Paleologu said King Michael, "as the author and one of the main witnesses of the events," had to be present. RFE/RL's correspondent in Bucharest quoted Foreign Ministry spokesman Mircea Geoana as saying the same day that no application for a visa has been received by the Romanian embassy in Switzerland, where the king resides. He also commented that the Romanian government considered the visit inappropriate. Paleologu had earlier quoted the king as saying he had no intention of contesting the present constitutional order of the country. Upon his return from Strasbourg, President Ion Iliescu told Rompres he would not intervene to change the government's decision. The former monarch, he said, was a foreign citizen who needed a visa and would have to give a good reason to obtain one; alternatively, he could apply for his citizenship to be restored. Iliescu noted that King Michael had done neither. Instead, he claimed, he continued to "address the Romanian people as if he were talking from the throne," despite the fact that in Romania "only the people are sovereign." A spokesman for the former monarch in Geneva said King Michael is due to arrive in Romania on a scheduled Air France flight on 7 October. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. FIRST OFFICIAL CHOLERA DEATH IN ROMANIA. An official at the Ministry of Health told RFE/RL's Bucharest correspondent on 5 October that a 60-year-old cholera patient died on 30 September in a Bucharest hospital. This is the first officially-acknowledged cholera death in Romania since the disease broke out there. The victim was a resident of a village some 150 kilometers north of Bucharest. A nine-year-old child died last week in a hospital for the mentally retarded in Nicoresti, near Galati. The authorities have not acknowledged that the child died of cholera, although it has been confirmed that other children in the hospital have contracted the disease. The Romanian authorities say many cholera patients contracted the disease while visiting countries such as Ukraine and Turkey. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. FOUR ARRESTED IN ROMANIA FOR POSSESSING RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL. The Romanian authorities say four Romanians have been arrested for stealing and planning to sell a radioactive substance, Western agencies and Radio Budapest reported on 5 October. Military prosecutors are investigating the case. An official at the Ministry of Defense said the substance is not uranium and will be determined by laboratories. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. MOLDOVA REBUFFS ROMANIAN STEPS ON CITIZENSHIP. On the ground that Moldovan law precludes dual citizenship (except under special interstate treaties), the Moldovan authorities have begun canceling the passports of Moldovan citizens who have also taken up Romanian citizenship, ITAR-TASS reported on 4 October. Moldovan citizens who receive Romanian passports must renounce Moldovan citizenship, officials told the agency. They accused Romania of showing "flagrant disrespect" for Moldova by ignoring repeated requests for information on the matter. Some 2,000 Moldovans are known to have received Romanian passports in violation of Moldovan law. Their motives are mostly economic, such as the desire to acquire property in Romania, although there have been a few politically motivated cases, the officials said. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. MOLDOVAN PRESIDENT URGES WESTERN ROLE IN CONFLICT RESOLUTION. Addressing an international conference in Sofia on NATO's Partnership for Peace and its role in the Balkans, Mircea Snegur called for using that program and NATO institutions as a framework for conflict resolution in the postcommunist area and for promoting stability there, Interfax and ITAR-TASS reported on 5 October. He said regional security has paradoxically become more complicated with the end of the cold war, justifying the desire of most postcommunist states for NATO support through the Partnership for Peace and Euroatlantic bodies. Moldova, he noted, realizes the importance of negotiation and compromise in resolving conflicts and is proposing autonomy for its Transdniester and Gagauz regions. Snegur also commented that ethnic separatist movements in general must be condemned as they generate unstable would-be ministates, potentially threatening many European countries, since most are multiethnic. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIA TO CONSENT TO PULLOUT FROM MOLDOVA? Stressing in the same speech the importance of the withdrawal of foreign troops from ex-Soviet states, Snegur anticipated that an agreement on the pullout of Russian troops from Moldova would be signed this month, Reuters and ITAR-TASS reported on 3 and 4 October, respectively. Unidentified officials at the Russian Foreign Ministry told ITAR-TASS on 5 October that the bilateral document "is being examined by the Russian government, is practically ready for signing" and "may be signed this month." Since initialing the agreement on 10 August, the Russian side has repeatedly signaled its unwillingness to sign it. Moldova is concerned that further procrastination by the Russian government may prompt the Russian parliament to demand that this executive agreement be submitted to it for ratification. Observers believe such a scenario would spell the end of the agreement. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. ALBANIAN EXODUS STOPPED. An estimated 15,000 Albanians were kept from fleeing the country from the port of Durres, situated some 30 kilometers west of the capital Tirana, Reuters reported on 5 October, citing Albanian police sources. One observer said most of the people attempting to leave were "from 10 to around 35 years old but . . . 70 percent were teenagers." In a comparable episode in 1991, after the collapse of Albania's communist regime, some 20,000 people attempted to flee the country from Durres. Most of those who reached Italy were sent back by the Italian authorities. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. MURDER TRIAL OF LITHUANIAN JOURNALIST BEGINS. The trial of four people charged with the murder on 12 October 1993 of Respublika deputy editor Vitas Lingys began at the Lithuanian Supreme Court on 5 October, RFE/RL's Lithuanian Service reports. The trial, presided over by Supreme Court judge Vytautas Greicius, assisted by two other justices, is to be conducted under very tight security. Prosecutor General Arturas Paulauskas, who is heading the prosecution, read the indictment. Three of the accused admit their guilt. One of them, Igor Akhremov, has testified that he fired three bullets at Lingys on the orders of Boris Dekanidze, the son of the alleged head of the Vilnius mafia. Akhremov said he complied with Dekanidze's orders out of fear for his life. Dekanidze has denied any guilt, and his lawyers tried unsuccessfully to delay the proceedings. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. NEW COMMANDER OF LATVIAN ARMED FORCES. The Saeima endorsed Juris Dalbins on 5 October as commander of Latvia's National Armed Forces, BNS reports. Dalbins replaces Colonel Dainis Turlais. The new commander was born in 1954, graduated from the Institute of Sports in 1979, completed military command courses with the US armed forces in Germany, and recently served as deputy staff commander of Latvia's Home Guard. He told the press that his first task is to establish the headquarters of the National Armed Forces, which will coordinate the work of the forces. He added that in the future the Home Guard will perform the functions of territorial troops. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. COUNCIL OF EUROPE LEADERS SUPPORT LATVIA'S ADMISSION. Secretary-General of the Council of Europe Daniel Tarschys and Parliamentary Assembly President Miguel Martinez have expressed support for Latvia's admission to the Council of Europe in early 1995. The process could be formally completed at an extraordinary session of the council's Ministerial Committee, the top executive body of the council. The final decision, however, rests with the foreign minister of Cyprus, who will be presiding over the committee's January session, Latvian Foreign Minister Valdis Birkavs told BNS on 4 October. The idea to convene the Ministerial Committee came up during talks between Birkavs and Tarschys. Latvia, however, is not seeking extraordinary acceptance in the council, since this could set a precedent for other states, including Russia, Birkavs pointed out on his return to Riga on 5 October. Meanwhile, Russia continues to question Latvia's qualifications for membership in the Council of Europe. Russian representative Vladimir Lukin, expressing dissatisfaction that his country's objections have not been endorsed by the council's political affairs committee, said "we now feel like a third-rate country," Diena reported on 5 October. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] (Compiled by Penny Morvant and Jan Cleave) The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU Inquiries about specific news items should be directed as follows (please include your full postal address when inquiring about subscriptions): Mr. Brian Reed RFE/RL, Inc. 1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 Fax: (202) 457-6992 Internet: REEDB@RFERL.ORG Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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