|In the effort to give good and comforting answers to the young questioners whom we love, we very often arrive at good and comforting answers for ourselves. - Ruth Goode|
No. 187, 30 September 1994
-Note: There will be no Daily Report Monday, 3 October 1994- RUSSIA ATTACK ON AIRPORT IN CHECHNYA. The Chechen opposition Provisional Council announced on 30 September that its forces had attacked the airport at Grozny, the Chechen capital, and destroyed virtually all of the government's combat planes and much of its ground defenses. The head of the Provisional Council's press service told ITAR-TASS that the opposition had sealed off Grozny and was demanding the surrender of President Dzhokhar Dudaev. Another opposition group, former Russian parliament Chairman Ruslan Khasbulatov's Peace Group, has announced that its forces have surrounded Grozny and will launch an attack on the city if Dudaev does not resign by 16.30 local time. Chechen government spokesman Aslambek Dadaev told an RFE/RL correspondent that the situation in Grozny was normal despite the airport attack and that Dudaev was ignoring the ultimatum. -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc. YELTSIN ON CIS AFFAIRS AT SUMMIT IN US. According to an ITAR-TASS report on 29 September, Russian President Boris Yeltsin's remarks on CIS affairs at the Washington news conference included a promise that Russia "will provide financial assistance to CIS states, as the US does with other countries" and the claim that "Nagorno-Karabakh is Russia's neighbor who turned to Russia for help in settling the conflict." Yeltsin further commented that "yesterday we all lived in the same house, the Soviet Union. There is no Soviet Union [any more] but these republics are our blood," several Western news agencies reported on 29 September. (In his 26 September address to the UN General Assembly he had described the newly independent states as Russia's "blood relatives"--see the following day's Daily Report.) Meanwhile Russian officials were still waiting for a "more adequate" response from the UN on helping to finance Russia's "peacekeeping operations on CIS territory," Interfax reported on 28 September. The officials suggested that the costs of those operations should be deducted from Russia's arrears to the UN on its membership dues and overdue contributions to the UN's peacekeeping operations. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. YELTSIN'S REPRESENTATIVE OPPOSES CHANGING ELECTION DATES. Russian TV newscasts broadcast on 29 September footage of a news conference by Aleksandr M. Yakovlev, Yeltsin's representative in the parliament. He said that he categorically opposed the idea of either postponing the parliamentary and presidential elections or holding them simultaneously, along with those of the heads of regional administrations. (The suggestion of postponing the elections had been put forward by close associates of Yeltsin--the chairman of the Press Committee in the State Duma, Mikhail Poltoranin, and the speaker of the Council of the Federation, Vladimir Shumeiko--while other influential politicians, such as the head of the Presidential Administration, Sergei Filatov, have suggested holding parliamentary, presidential, and regional elections on the same day--12 June 1996.) The elections, Yakovlev said, must be held when the terms of the current parliament and president expired: the former in December 1995, and the latter on 12 June 1996. Any other decision, Yakovlev said, would contradict the provisions of the Russian Constitution and thus pose a mortal danger for the young Russian democracy. -- Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. STRIKE IN AVTOVAZ CAR PLANT. More than 2,000 workers on the main conveyor of the giant AvtoVAZ car plant in Togliatti have declared an unlimited strike, Ostankino TV news reported on 28 September. The workers are reportedly demanding the payment of their wages for August. The strike was organized by an alliance of independent trade unions, Sotsprof, that had been set up in the late 1980s as an alternative to the official Soviet trade unions, Ostankino added. The strike in Togliatti may indicate an incipient class struggle in postcommunist Russia; during Yeltsin's recent trip down the Volga he was reportedly accosted by AvtoVAZ employees protesting against their social inequality compared with the plant's director, Vladimir Kadannikov. Reputed to be one of the richest people in the country, owing to privileges and tax exemptions he can claim under various of Yeltsin's decrees, Kadannikov is known for his luxurious lifestyle. He was recently appointed a member of the Presidential Council. -- Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. DRAFT LAW ON HOUSING. Legislators responsible for drafting a new law on housing held a news conference on 28 September. Under the new law, Ostankino TV news cited them as saying, only four categories of Russian citizens would be entitled to free housing: the poor; participants in World War II; first- and second-category handicapped individuals; and people suffering from certain (unspecified) diseases. Other Russians, including large families, would have to buy apartments at market prices, Ostankino added. -- Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. ZHUKOV TO BE HONORED. Moscow Mayor Yurii Luzhkov announced on 29 September that a monument would be erected to Marshal Georgii Zhukov, the Soviet Union's most important military commander in World War II and the conqueror of Berlin. According to Interfax, the monument will be erected on Poklonnaya Hill by 9 May 1995, the 50th anniversary of Germany's defeat. Zhukov directed the successful defense of Moscow in the autumn of 1941. After the war Joseph Stalin regarded him as a potential threat, and he was relegated to minor posts. He returned to prominence under Nikita Khrushchev, only to be shunted aside once again in 1957, when he pushed too vigorously for the military's independence. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA TOP OFFICIALS ASSASSINATED IN AZERBAIJAN. Azerbaijani parliament Chairman Rasul Guliev announced on national television on 30 September that his deputy, Afiyaddin Dzhalilov, had been shot the previous night by an unidentified gunman and died in hospital an hour after the attack, Reuters reported. Two hours after the attack on Dzhalilov, presidential security chief Shamsi Ragimov was shot to death. Guliev linked the killings to opponents of the agreement between Azerbaijan and an international consortium to develop oil resources in the Caspian Sea. Dzhalilov was a close associate of Azerbaijani President Geidar Aliev. -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc. ALIEV DEMANDS ARMENIAN WITHDRAWAL. In a speech to the UN General Assembly on 29 September, President Aliev called on the world community to compel Armenia to withdraw from Azerbaijani territory captured during the fighting over Nagorno-Karabakh, asserting that more than a fifth of Azerbaijan's territory was still occupied by Armenian troops, Western news agencies reported. In return, Aliev offered guarantees for the safety of the Armenian population of Nagorno-Karabakh and possible concessions on that region's status within Azerbaijan. The previous day Armenian President Levon Ter-Petrossian had told the Assembly that Armenia harbored no territorial ambitions in Azerbaijan, and that it was Armenian inhabitants of Nagorno-Karabakh who had been waging war on Azerbaijan in the name of self-determination. -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc. GEORGIAN PARLIAMENT DISCUSSES SHEVARDNADZE'S RESIGNATION. A discussion in Georgia's parliament on 29 September of parliament Chairman Eduard Shevardnadze's threat to resign turned into an exchange of recriminations between the opposition and the majority, Interfax reported. According to the Interfax correspondent, the discussion became so heated that the issue of Shevardnadze's resignation was forgotten even by the opposition, with the exception of former Prime Minister Tengiz Sigua, who blamed Shevardnadze for Georgian defeats in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, the collapse of the economy, and the failure of economic reform. Majority deputies promptly accused Sigua of having pocketed large sums from the national budget. The discussion was expected to continue. -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc. CSCE MEETING IN TASHKENT. A CSCE conference on human rights in Central Asia opened in Tashkent on 28 September; the following day Uzbek President Islam Karimov met with visiting CSCE officials and asserted that although his country is located in Asia, it considers its membership in the CSCE and its connections to Europe to be of vital importance, ITAR-TASS reported. The chairman of the banned Uzbek opposition Erk Democratic Party, Muhammad Salih, told RL's Uzbek Service that in his view Uzbekistan was not yet politically mature enough to host such a meeting, but he hoped that the presence of representatives of foreign human rights organizations would have a salutary effect on the political situation. -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE ESTONIAN FERRY DISASTER UPDATE. Estonian Interior Minister Heiki Arike told a press conference on 29 September that there were probably 1,051 people aboard the ferry "Estonia," which sank off the southwest coast of Finland on 28 September, Western agencies report. This figure may be inaccurate, since the passenger lists include people who bought tickets but did not sail or gave them to other people. The lists also do not include children under five. Weather conditions have prevented locating the ferry, which is under 80-90 meters of water. Swedish officials hope to gain more information about the cause of the sinking by sending down a robot to photograph the wreck. It is not clear if the ferry owners and insurance companies will spend the estimated $134 million to try to raise the ship or take other measures to recover the bodies. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL Inc. BOSNIAN UPDATE. News agencies reported from Seville on 29 September that NATO defense ministers have urged more effective air strikes against Bosnian Serbs, acknowledging that the current tit-for-tat policy is a failure. The US called for responding to Serbian defiance of the UN in a more "robust way." France, among others, agreed grudgingly, with Francois Leotard noting that "if we want to avoid the lifting of the arms embargo . . . , then we must pay the price and increase the diplomatic and military pressure on the Serbs." Meanwhile at the UN, the five permanent members of the Security Council called on Belgrade to tightly control its border with the Bosnian Serbs, AFP reported. The New York Times on 30 September quoted Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic, also at the UN, as denying that his government has agreed to an indefinite postponement of the lifting of the arms embargo. He said he told the American ambassador to the UN that "we are demanding a resolution that terminates the arms embargo in principle now but delays its implementation for six months." Reuters reported the previous day from Sarajevo that UN commander General Sir Michael Rose was very happy with Washington's change of policy: "We cannot bomb our way to peace. Increased use of force . . . is not a solution at the moment," he said. News agencies in the Bosnian capital suggested, however, that some people there were disappointed by current trends in Western policy. It was reported that three of Bosnia's best-known authors publicly burned their books in protest. -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. SERBIAN NATIONALIST ENEMY OF MILOSEVIC JAILED. Western and Serbian media reported on 29 and 30 September that the leader of the opposition Serbian Radical Party, Vojislav Seselj, has been arrested and jailed for 30 days for assaulting the speaker of the parliament on 27 September. Seselj, who previously was given an eight-month suspended sentence for another brawl in the legislature, said he merely spat twice on the speaker. Seselj is an internationally wanted war criminal and a former ally of President Slobodan Milosevic who has since broken with his former sponsor. Borba on 30 September speculated whether Milosevic may now be planning to deport Seselj for war crimes trials, but AFP the previous day quoted the plucky legislator as saying he would go willingly if formally charged, since no member of his party "has ever committed a war crime." -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. KOSOVAR EX-MINISTER CRITICIZES EXILE GOVERNMENT. In an interview with Zeri on 28 September, Nike Gjeloshi, former deputy prime minister of the Kosovar exile government in Stuttgart, gave the reasons for his resignation earlier this year. Gjeloshi claimed that "the government is not functioning" and that Prime Minister Bujar Bukoshi "orders and decides on the use of the state budget and spends it himself." Gjeloshi added he had no access to any money as a member of the government, while Bukoshi put other people in charge of government funds who were not even cabinet members. He charged Bukoshi with having "reduced the government to his own person and some other individuals." Gjeloshi also said Bukoshi "appoints ministers" himself. The former deputy prime minister proposed that a new government be appointed by Kosovar shadow state President Ibrahim Rugova. It is very rare for Kosovar government leaders to criticize one another in public. -- Fabian Schmidt, RFE/RL Inc. THIRTY PERCENT OF POLES WORK ILLEGALLY. According to the Market Economy Research Institute, 29.6% of Poles draw at least part of their income from illegal employment, PAP reports. The institute's deputy chairman, Maciej Grabowski, estimates that undeclared income in Poland amounts to some 166 trillion zloty ($7 billion), about 8.1% of Poland's 1994 GDP. Undeclared income is believed to make up 13.8% of total personal income in Poland. Some 46% of those claiming unemployment benefits are believed to have undeclared income from illegal unemployment, for which payment is, on average, twice as high as for regular employment. The institute criticized the government's tax policies, claiming that the proposed measures would increase tax evasion and stifle the development of small business. -- Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka, RFE/RL Inc. PRIVATIZATION OF CZECH PETROLEUM INDUSTRY APPROVED. The Czech government approved on 28 September plans to privatize the country's petroleum industry by allowing foreign investment in the country's two largest petrochemical refineries. Negotiations with a consortium of global oil companies are to start soon. The government rejected in May the consortium in favor of keeping the refineries in Czech hands. However, the "Czech way" of privatizing the industry, as it is now called, has been severely criticized by various officials, not least because of fears that the Czech Republic would remain dependent on Russian oil. The Western consortium--consisting of Total SA of France, Agip Petroli of Italy, Conoco of the US, and the Anglo-Dutch Royal/Dutch Shell Group--has offered $173 million in cash for a 49% share in the refining operations at Chemopetrol Litvinov and Kaucuk Kralupy. The consortium also submitted an investment plan that would raise $520 million over the next five years. Czech Industry Minister Vladimir Dlouhy told journalists on 28 September that the government is also planning a merger of Chemopetrol and Kaucuk. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. HAVEL RECEIVES AWARD AT STANFORD. Czech President Vaclav Havel was awarded on 29 September the Stanford Law School's Ralston Prize for furthering international relations. Havel said in his acceptance speech that the Czech Republic was most challenged by the need to establish itself internationally in the democratic world. He argued that the country must complete its economic transformation and create all the "prerequisites" for a civil society. Democracy worldwide must regain its spiritualism, he said, to overcome the disruptive historical and cultural differences "now so evident following the fall of communism." CTK quotes Havel as saying that "democratic Europe, built on the principles of civil society, has failed in protecting these principles in Bosnia and has accepted "a senseless ethnic division." -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. SLOVAKS GO TO THE POLLS. On 30 September and 1 October, more than 3 million Slovak voters are expected to cast their ballots in the first parliamentary elections in the independent Slovak state. A total of 1,929 candidates from 17 political parties and coalitions are competing for the 150 seats. Parties must attract at least 5% of the vote to enter the parliament, while 7% is required for coalitions of two or three parties and 10% for those with four or more. Votes cast for parties that do not make it into the parliament will be divided among the victors. The final results of the elections are expected on 4 October, TASR reports. Although it is widely expected that Vladimir Meciar's Movement for a Democratic Slovakia will win the most votes, it is uncertain whether Meciar will have the parliamentary majority needed to form a cabinet. Several issues remain unresolved since the last parliamentary session, including bills on conflict of interests, privatization of the energy and gas industries, and the status of the lustration law. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL Inc. SLOVAK POLITICIANS ON CURRENT CABINET. In an interview with TASR on 27 September, Deputy Premier for Economic Issues Brigita Schmoegnerova noted that Slovakia's economy has stabilized considerably in the past few months; Slovakia has registered a growth in GDP, inflation and the trade deficit have fallen, unemployment has stabilized, hard-currency reserves have increased, and the budget deficit is less than 4% of GDP. Schmoegnerova also noted that the granting of an IMF standby loan is a sign of trust in the cabinet's economic policy. Premier Jozef Moravcik told TASR that the cabinet has proven that agreement between parties from across the spectrum is both possible and effective, which provides a guarantee for political stability in the future. He stressed the view that Slovakia needs a firm hand to lead the country out of its present difficulties is wrong. What Slovakia needs, he said, is a team of personalities: "If we want order in health, education, justice, the army as well as on the streets, we cannot rely on one strong hand." On 29 September Moravcik reinforced Schmoegnerova's statements on the economy, noting that the economic turnaround was one of the cabinet's most important achievements. He also pointed to improvements in the areas of health and security and foreign relations, stressing an increase in Slovakia's international prestige. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL Inc. SLOVAK POLICE DETAIN URANIUM SMUGGLERS. Slovak police arrested on 28 September four Slovaks who were trying to smuggle 1.5 kilograms of uranium through the Slovak-Hungarian border crossing at Slovenske Nove Mesto, TASR reported. Although the box containing the uranium was marked "U-235," it remains uncertain whether the seized material is weapons-grade. The four Slovaks, who are reportedly members of an organized criminal group, gave the authorities different versions of where the uranium came from and where it was headed, but it is presumed that it did not originate in Slovakia, Reuters reported. A top judiciary official told TASR on 29 September that under Slovak law the smugglers could be sentenced to prison terms of up to fifteen years. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL Inc. HUNGARIAN PRESIDENT IN PARIS. During an official visit to the French capital, Arpad Goncz received assurances that France will support Hungary's bid to join the European Union, Nepszabadsag reports. The trip was the first visit ever by a Hungarian president to Paris. President Francois Mitterrand said Hungary's joining the EC has been decided and only the timing is in question. He added that there is no difference between France's and Germany's position in this regard. Prime Minister Edouard Balladur said Hungary's membership depends on the modernization of the Hungarian economy and on the signing a "stabilization pact" with Hungary's neighbors. Le Figaro reported that a loan package worth 1 billion francs offered by the National Bank of Hungary to investors in Paris has been postponed owing to a lack of interest. -- Karoly Okolicsanyi, RFE/RL Inc. ROMANIAN PARLIAMENT POSTPONES RESOLUTION ON CORRUPTION. A draft resolution concluding the debates on corruption was presented on 29 September to the joint session of parliament by the government majority, Radio Bucharest announced the same day. Voting on the resolution, however, was post-poned because of a lack of a quorum. The draft calls for legislation aimed at coping with corruption and calls on the government and the judiciary to intensify crime-combating activities. It also extends the mandate of the parliamentary investigative commission to 31 December 1994. -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. CHOLERA IN ROMANIA. Reuters quoted a Romanian Health Ministry official on 29 September as saying that cholera cases have been diagnosed in five regions in the country: in a village near Targu Mures, in Transylvania; in Constanta, on the Black Sea; in Galati and Braila, near the mouth of the Danube; and in the southern county of Dambovita. The official said there were 34 confirmed cases out of 64 hospitalized with cholera symptoms. -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. CRIMEAN PARLIAMENT STRIPS MESHKOV OF MORE POWERS. On 29 September the Crimean Supreme Soviet passed a law making the prime minister the chief executive of the republic and effectively removing all powers from the president, Russian agencies reported. Out of 93 deputies present at the session, 68 voted in favor of the law and 14 abstained from voting. Supporters of Crimean President Yurii Meshkov walked out, calling the vote a "constitutional coup d'etat." Meshkov reacted by calling on the deputies to rescind their decision. The same day UNIAN reported that a delegation from Kiev headed by Ukrainian deputy Yurii Karmazin arrived in Simferopol. Karmazin said the delegation was there to implement the Ukrainian parliament's resolution to bring Crimea's legislation in line with Ukraine's by November. He also said the latest legislative move by Crimean deputies would destabilize power in the republic. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. MORE CHOLERA DEATHS IN UKRAINE. Reuters reported on 29 September that the cholera death toll in Ukraine has reached 17. So far, 652 cases of the disease have been registered. The authorities in two provinces of Poland have reportedly introduced a state of alert to guard against the spread of cholera from Ukraine. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. BELARUSIAN ECONOMIC PROGRAM. Belarusian President Alyaksandr Lukashenka appealed to the parliament on 29 September to support his economic reform program, Reuters and Interfax reported. Parliamentary approval is not necessary to implement the program, but Lukashenka wants backing for the program, which contains several unpopular measures such as discontinuing government subsidies and freeing prices. Lukashenka assured the parliament that he will not call early elections if the parliament cooperates with him. He also denied he is being "led by the nose by the IMF," saying that acceptance of the program will release $700 million in IMF credits for Belarus. Prime Minister Mikhail Chyhir expressed concern over Belarus's inability to pay off its energy debt to Russia and said he hoped inflation in the country could be brought down from current levels of 50% to 7-8% by mid-1995. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. DNIESTER AUTONOMY TALKS LAUNCHED. Chisinau and Tiraspol delegates held on 28 September near Tiraspol an inaugural session of talks on establishing a "special status" for Transdniester as an autonomous region within Moldova. Russian President Boris Yeltsin's special representative for Moldova, Ambassador Vladlen Vasev, and the British chief of the CSCE Mission in Moldova, Ambassador Richard Samuel, attended as mediators. Chisinau accepted in the autumn of 1993 the CSCE Mission's plan for wide-ranging autonomy for Transdniester and recently made its own proposals. These proposals are reportedly close to the CSCE's plan and remote from Vasev's suggestions favoring Tiraspol. Vasev has insisted on having Transdniester statehood federated or confederated with Moldova and establishing its own army, security, and other sovereign attributes. Vasev predicted to ITAR-TASS on 28 September that the talks would be long and arduous and hinted at a link to the withdrawal of the Russian 14th Army. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. MOLDOVAN PRESIDENT EMBRACES WEST AT UN. Mircea Snegur's address to the UN General Assembly on 29 September was largely a plea for Moldova's acceptance into the European and Western community of states. Stressing Moldova's "geopolitical and cultural affiliation to the European democratic space," Snegur voiced concern that "isolation from that space would face us with the reemergence of those influences from which we have suffered in the recent past." He appealed for "growing cooperation and links with the Council of Europe, NATO, the European Union, and the WEU. . . . " Snegur stressed again that Moldova's membership in the CIS was confined to economics. Congratulating the Baltic states on the withdrawal of Russian troops, Snegur appealed for similar international support for the full withdrawal of Russian troops from Moldova. He referred to Moldova's legislation on ethnic minority rights and offers of autonomy to Transdniester and the Gagauz, condemned "foreign-inspired and directed" separatism in Transdniester and other parts of the former USSR, and called on the UN to condemn separatism. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. MOLDOVAN WINE INDUSTRY ATTRACTS WESTERN INVESTMENT. Moldova's chief wine industry executive, Gheorghe Cozub, told The Journal of Commerce on 27 September that the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development has just approved a $30 million loan to develop Moldova's bottling capacity for high-quality wines. The goal is to raise its annual export capacity to 20 million bottles or 5-7% of Western Europe's total market by 1998. EBRD's project manager in Chisinau told Basapress the same day that the loan is likely to be amortized in only 3-5 years and that according to market surveys, Moldova's exports to the West can expand even further owing to the "high quality" of its wines. Moldova accounted for more than a third of the former USSR's total wine output but lacks bottling capacity, as most of the wine was shipped in cisterns to Russia for bottling and marketing by the USSR's central authorities. The Journal of Commerce further reported that Australia's wine maker Southcorp has launched a major joint venture in Moldova aiming to export 3 million bottles annually--half of it to the USA beginning in 1995. The journal also said that a Dutch and a German company have recently contracted with major Moldovan wineries. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. LITHUANIAN PRESIDENT IN US. Algirdas Brazauskas spoke on 29 September to the World Affairs Council of Philadelphia, toured the city, and met city mayor Edward Rendell and members of the local Lithuanian community, Western agencies report. On 30 September he is scheduled to address the UN General Assembly, meet with Secretary General Boutros Boutros Ghali, and attend a dinner given by Boutros Ghali for visiting heads of states. He will subsequently travel to Chicago and Lemont, Illinois, before returning to Lithuania on 3 October. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL Inc. LATVIAN PARLIAMENT ON ACCORDS WITH RUSSIA. Contrary to an Interfax headline of 29 September claiming that "Latvian lawmakers refuse to discuss ratification of agreements with Russia in President's absence," the Saeima decided unanimously the same day to consider on 20 October the law dealing with the ratification of the Latvian-Russian accords on the pullout of Russian troops, Diena reports. The Latvian lawmakers pointed out that some 4,000 Russian servicemen demobilized in Latvia after 28 January have not yet left that country, as stipulated in the bilateral accords. They also noted that Latvia still does not have a list of Russian military retirees in Latvia receiving a pension from Russia. Aleksandrs Kirsteins, the chairman of the Saeima's Foreign Relations Commission, felt that Latvia should wait until Russia ratifies the accords. But deputy Indulis Berzins said the Saiema must consider the accords at the same time as Russia's State Duma--presumably on 5 October--so that Russia has no doubts that "we are prepared to consider the issue." -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. [As of 1200 CET] (Compiled by Eileen Downing and Jan Cleave) The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU. This report is also available by postal mail, as are the other publications of the Institute, and by fax. 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