|Discovery consists of seeing what everybody has seen and thinking what nobody has thought. - Albert Szent-Gyorgyi|
No. 186, 29 September 1994
RUSSIA SUMMIT ARMS AGREEMENT. The United States and Russia have agreed to accelerate the dismantling of nuclear weapons required under the START-2 treaty, US President Bill Clinton announced on 28 September at the end of his two-day summit meeting with Russian President Boris Yeltsin. Under the treaty the two countries have nine years from the date of ratification to remove nuclear warheads from missiles to be scrapped, but both sides now believe the process can be completed in a shorter period. The two presidents also signed an agreement on removing trade and investment barriers and committed themselves to working together to resolve the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh. Clinton told a news conference that Yeltsin had asserted his respect for the independence and territorial integrity of Russia's neighbors. -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc. PURGES EXPECTED IN YELTSIN ADMINISTRATION. The resignation of Yeltsin's chief spokesman, Vyacheslav Kostikov, is expected within two or three days, Nezavisimaya gazeta claimed on 28 September, citing "more than just reliable sources in the Kremlin." A successor to Kostikov has already been found, the newspaper added. According to the same source, Yeltsin's speechwriter Lyudmila Pikhoya and his foreign-policy adviser Dmitrii Ryurikov are in all probability facing the same treatment. Other officials who have been alleged by the media in the past few days to have fallen from the president's favor because of their radical proreform views, including Georgii Satarov, are more likely to survive. The report in Nezavisimaya gazeta, which was picked up by other Russian media, including ITAR-TASS, appeared amid a flood of similar rumors, indicating a state of intrigue and arbitrary rule at the top. Also on 28 September Komsomolskaya pravda published an article, entitled "A Courtier," lambasting Sergei Filatov, the head of the Presidential Administration, as an evil force who was the real ruler of the country instead of Yeltsin. In a separate development, an RFE/RL correspondent in Moscow reported that Aleksandr Yakovlev, the father of former USSR President Mikhail Gorbachev's glasnost policy and currently the chairman of the Ostankino radio and television company, had met Yeltsin on the eve of the latter's visit to the US and that the two had agreed that Yakovlev would resign from Ostankino in the near future. Many journalists attribute the plight of the aforementioned officials to an alleged increase in the influence of more conservative associates of Yeltsin, in particular Mikhail Poltoranin (the chairman of the State Duma Commission on the Press) and Yeltsin's chief aide, Viktor Ilyushin. -- Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. YELTSIN TO VISIT KIEV IN EARLY NOVEMBER. The precise date of Yeltsin's visit to Kiev is to be decided in the course of the summit of CIS member states that opens in Moscow on 21 October, Dmitrii Ryurikov told ITAR-TASS on 28 September, adding that he believed the event would take place "before mid-November." During the summit Russia and Ukraine are expected to sign a treaty of friendship and cooperation between the two states. Ryurikov's preoccupation with the Kiev summit has been cited by officials denying the existence of a split in Yeltsin's team as the reason for his absence from the delegation to the US; and the interview was interpreted later that day by Interfax as another such denial. -- Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. CHECHENS FROM CENTRAL ASIA TRY TO ORGANIZE TALKS. A group of influential Chechens resident in Central Asia are in Moscow to arrange talks between Russian government representatives and Chechen President Dzhokhar Dudaev in the hopes of stopping the escalation of tension between Moscow and Chechnya, Interfax reported on 28 September. Having received promises of interest in such talks from Russian officials, the group was headed for the Chechen capital, Grozny, where fighting has been taking place in the suburbs between opponents and supporters of Dudaev. According to an AFP report of 28 September, Dudaev's forces have managed to retain control of Grozny (see below). -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc. CHECHNYA FIGHTING. Russian television and news agencies said that on 27 September about 400 people loyal to President Dudaev had attacked a stronghold of his opponents, the village of Znamenskoe, leaving seven of their enemy's soldiers dead and 11 wounded (see also yesterday's Daily Report). The opposition, however, reportedly resisted the attack and in a counteroffensive from the north and the south brought the battle to the outskirts of Grozny: six civilians were killed in this counteroffensive. The opposition claimed that they had captured four Lithuanian mercenaries, and they alleged that about 200 mercenaries were fighting on Dudaev's side. On the following day opposition troops captured Usman Imaev, a pro-Dudaev official who combines the posts of Chechen prosecutor-general and minister of justice; his fate remains unknown, Ostankino TV noted on 28 September. Dudaev's troops, in turn, shot down a Russian military helicopter that day; both crew members died of their wounds a few hours later. -- Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. RUSSIA'S BOOMING ARMS TRADE. Valerii Tretyak, deputy director-general of the state-owned Rosvooruzhenie arms exporting company, told a Moscow news conference on 28 September that Russia would probably sell $4 billion worth of arms this year and he expected 1995's contracts to come to $5-6 billion. As cited by Interfax, Tretyak charged that the US was pursuing an open policy of discrediting Russian armaments and using dumping practices to retain its position in the world's arms markets. Despite this, Russia was doing well in its traditional markets and exploring new ones. He said that India and Brazil were interested in buying tanks and armored personnel carriers and South Africa was planning to buy Russian jet engines. In related developments, also reported by Interfax, a Russian parliamentarian visiting the Philippines said that the country's parliament was ready to allocate $350 million next year to import Russian weapons. While a high-ranking Russian diplomat was cited as saying there were no reasons to rupture Russia's long-established military-technical cooperation with Iran, President Yeltsin told a Washington news conference that Russia would honor a 1988 arms contract with Iran but would sign no new arms deals with that country. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. MISSILE PLANT DEMANDS GOVERNMENT PAY ITS DEBTS. Avtomatika, the Yekaterinburg plant that built the electronics for Russia's Buran space shuttle, told Interfax on 28 September that it would not resume work until the government had paid the 20 billion rubles owing to it for work completed. An official of the plant said that the Defense Ministry was its largest debtor. Avtomatika laid off some 7,000 workers in early September. At present it is functioning at only 25% capacity. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. MILITARY DISTRICT'S PLAN TO RAISE MONEY. Interfax reported on 28 September that the Far East Military District was trying to raise money to build housing for its troops by selling or leasing 104 abandoned military garrisons. The plan hardly seems to be producing a financial bonanza, as the district's logistics service admitted it was having a hard time finding buyers. Most of the garrisons are in remote areas and have been completely stripped of everything that could be removed. Interfax said that some buildings looked "like concrete boxes without roofs or floors." -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA PARLIAMENT SESSION POSTPONED IN GEORGIA. The 28 September session of Georgia's parliament was postponed, and supporters of Georgian leader Eduard Shevardnadze demonstrated in front of the parliament building, demanding the dissolution of the legislature, Western and Russian news agencies reported. Shevardnadze had threatened to resign as chairman of the parliament and head of state because opposition attacks on him were damaging Georgia's image abroad. He met with his supporters in the parliament behind closed doors and later went on Tbilisi TV to announce that the parliament would discuss his resignation on 29 September. -- Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc. CIS HARDENING RUSSIAN LINE ON TREATIES WITH CIS STATES. In Kiev for talks on the draft state treaty, Ryurikov insisted that the treaty must provide for dual Ukrainian-Russian citizenship in order to "facilitate the legal defense" of ethnic Russians in Ukraine and "offer an additional guarantee to persons who don't want to break links with Russia," ITAR-TASS reported on 28 September. Given the absence of any problems in the situation of Ukraine's ethnic Russians, the demand illustrates Russia's use of minority issues to limit the sovereignty of CIS states. In a new twist to the argument, Ryurikov said that dual citizenship "is a basic position of Russia's policy not only toward Ukraine but also toward the other CIS states"--a potentially dangerous thesis, since it may lead Russia to demand concessions on this or other issues from all CIS states indiscriminately lest exceptions for some be invoked as precedents by others in their defense. On the same day ITAR-TASS quoted Feliks Kovalev, Russia's special envoy to Georgia, as saying that Russia "has no intention of considering ratification" of the Russian-Georgian treaty (which provides for Georgia's territorial integrity) "until the resolution of the Georgian-Abkhaz and Georgian-Ossetian conflicts." Indirectly acknowledging that Russia has itself been a party to those conflicts in all but name, Georgia's ambassador to Russia, Valerian Avdadze, reacted to Kovalev's statement by saying (as cited by Interfax on 28 September) that "Georgia's independence depends to a great extent on Russia's position. Georgia will be independent if Russia wants it, and vice versa." Russia similarly refuses to consider ratification of the treaty with Moldova signed by Yeltsin and Snegur back in 1990, which enshrines the principle of territorial integrity while saying nothing about dual citizenship. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. RUSSIA INSISTS ON NEW CASPIAN SEA DOCTRINE. Reinforcing Russia's demands regarding an issue that had proved contentious at the Washington summit, the Russian Foreign Ministry again challenged the contract recently signed by an international consortium to develop Azerbaijan's offshore oil fields. Spokesman Mikhail Demurin asserted at a briefing that "the Caspian Sea and its resources are the object of joint use of all coastal states," Interfax reported on 27 September. Demurin served notice that Russia was preparing an agreement among the riparian states on regional cooperation in the Caspian Sea, based on the "joint use" concept. The presumably moderate Foreign Ministry has overruled other government agencies on this issue, to the surprise of Russian oil industry officials (who are pleased with Russia's 10% stake in the consortium's contract) and international observers alike. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. "PEACEKEEPING" FORCE CUT IN MOLDOVA PROPOSED. Moldovan Defense Ministry officials told the RFE/RL Research Institute that Russian, Moldovan, and "Dniester republic" representatives had been conferring in Bendery in the last few days on a Russian proposal to reduce the size of the tripartite peacekeeping force in Moldova. Moldova had agreed in principle but only on condition that the additional "Dniester" units, introduced into the security zone with Russian acquiescence in violation of the armistice convention, leave the area. The Russian side had countered that the units in question were a "legitimate" defense and "border" force of the "Dniester republic," as opposed to the "unlawful" one described by Moldova. Chisinau fears being left face-to-face with trigger-happy "Dniester" troops that can only gain militarily and, especially, politically from renewed direct confrontation. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE ESTONIAN FERRY DISASTER. The Rescue Control Center in Turku, Finland, said only 141 of the 964 people aboard the ferry "Estonia" have been rescued, Western agencies report. The ferry sank on 28 September off the southwest coast of Finland. Forty-two bodies have been found, leaving 781 passengers and crewmen missing and presumed dead. The number of people on board, however, may have been higher. Both Swedish Television and Estonia's KUKU radio reported on 29 September that more than 1.000 people were on board. The cause of the disaster has not been determined, although some survivors said water poured in through one of the ramp doors. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL Inc. LONDON AND MOSCOW WELCOME HALF-YEAR DELAY ON BOSNIAN ARMS EMBARGO . . . Britain and Russia have endorsed the proposal to wait six months before raising the issue of lifting the arms embargo against the Bosnian government. News agencies on 28 September quoted British Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd as saying: "I welcome the decision of the Bosnian government to accept that now is not the moment to lift the arms embargo." Such a move, he said, would have been "a policy of despair." Russian President Boris Yeltsin suggested that the idea might be tabled indefinitely: "Now the Bosnian Muslims think they have to wait six months . . . perhaps we can decide once and for all that this [lifting of the embargo] should not be done," he commented. -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. . . . AS DOES WASHINGTON. The Financial Times on 28 September quoted US Secretary of State Warren Christopher as saying "five or six months could be very important in trying to persuade the Bosnian Serbs that they should accept the peace plan. . . ." He added that the idea to delay lifting the embargo came from the Bosnians. The New York Times on 26 September, however, said that President Clinton began to search the previous day for a "way out of a promise [on lifting the arms embargo] that threatens to divide the United States from Russia and other allies." The Sueddeutsche Zeitung on 28 September suggested that if the Muslims came around to supporting the delay, President Alija Izetbegovic would merely be following "his master's voice." -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. POLITICAL VERDICT IN KOSOVO. RFE/RL's South Slavic Language Service's correspondent in Pristina said on 28 September that the trial of Uksin Hoti, a leader of the nationalist Party of National Unity, ended after only two days. Hoti was found guilty of promoting "separatism" and sentenced to five years in jail. -- Patrick Moore and Nenad Pejic, RFE/RL Inc. MACEDONIAN ALBANIAN PARTIES CONTINUE TO FIGHT OVER NAME. As national elections loom in Macedonia, two hostile factions are continuing to battle over the right to keep the name of the largest ethnic Albanian party, Rilindja reported on 23 September. The Party of Democratic Prosperity split into two factions at the second party congress on 1 February, mainly over the issue of cooperation with the government. Since then, both groups have claimed to be the legitimate successor to the PPD. The faction led by Abdurrahman Haliti, which continues to participate in the coalition government, launched legal proceedings against the group headed by Arber Xhaferi. Meanwhile, Menduh Thaci, the deputy leader of Xhaferi's wing, has brought a lawsuit against Haliti's group. Both factions have the same program and say they will participate in the elections, scheduled for 16 and 30 October. The court case is expected to open early next month. -- Fabian Schmidt, RFE/RL Inc. SEJM ROUNDUP. The current Sejm session, which began on 29 September, is primarily devoted to urgent legislation connected with the government's "Strategy for Poland" package, PAP reports. At the urging of the postcommunist National Trade Union Alliance (OPZZ), which claimed the unions were not consulted about the bill on budget sector wages, the deputies voted to remove the draft law from the agenda. In subsequent meetings with deputies of the Polish Peasant Party and leaders of his own Democratic Left Alliance, the author of the "Strategy," Deputy Premier and Finance Minister Grzegorz Kolodko, denied the OPZZ's allegations and appealed for the coalition deputies' support. The Democratic Left Alliance joined forces with the opposition Freedom Union in demanding that the bill on the amendment of the state officials law be considered together with new legislation on the civil service and not rushed through parliament as "urgent" legislation. The deputies also debated bills aimed at reforming family and unemployment benefits. At the suggestion of the Labor Union, the Sejm voted to consider an amendment to the broadcasting law that would deprive the president of the prerogative of appointing the chairman of the National Broadcasting Council. This move was prompted by the ongoing conflict between the president and the council. -- Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka, RFE/RL Inc. PRAGUE RANKS 16TH IN SURVEY OF EUROPEAN BUSINESS LOCATIONS. In a survey of the best European business locations published by the Financial Times on 27 September, Prague placed 16th, ahead of all other East European cities as well as West European capitals such as Lisbon, Vienna, and Athens. Warsaw ranked 17th, Budapest 22nd, and Moscow 29th. London topped the list, followed by Paris and Frankfurt. The survey was based on interviews with 500 executives in nine European Union countries. The newspaper says Prague's greatest advantage is that "it is the beautiful capital of a politically stable country full of hardworking, educated and skilled people able to produce high-quality items at wage rates roughly 10 per cent of those in neighboring Germany and Austria."-- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. SLOVAKIA REGULATES MEAT PRICES. The Slovak Finance Ministry announced on 28 September that ceilings would be imposed on meat prices beginning the next day in order to solve irregularities in the meat market, TASR reported. Also on 28 September, the import surcharge on beef and potatoes was temporarily removed. These steps follow drastic increases in meat and potato prices owing to shortages. Hospodarske noviny on 28 September claims the price increases are a result of difficulties in the agricultural sector; prices have reached the current level because it is the only way to prevent producers from making losses and to motivate them. The government is clearly concerned about the political consequences of recent price hikes in light of the parliamentary elections scheduled for 30 September and 1 October. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL Inc. SLOVAK FOREIGN MINISTER ADDRESSES UN. Eduard Kukan told the UN General Assembly on 28 September that Slovakia can be characterized by "respect for democracy, human rights and an economic environment based on free-market principles." He said Slovakia is interested in establishing the best possible relations with neighboring countries based on bilateral agreements. He also stressed the importance of close cooperation with the US and the need to maintain relations with the countries of the former Soviet Union. Kukan noted that the general agreement on the basic priorities of Slovakia's foreign policy signals that the world can count on Slovakia as a "truthful and reliable partner," TASR reports. -- Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL Inc. HUNGARIAN DIPLOMAT ATTACKED IN TEHERAN. A Hungarian commercial attache was in a critical condition after unknown intruders attacked both him and his wife in their Teheran apartment early on 27 September, MTI reports. The diplomat's wife was killed in the attack. -- Karoly Okolicsanyi, RFE/RL Inc. STOLTENBERG AND OWEN IN BUDAPEST. Thorvald Stoltenberg and David Owen, co-chairmen of the International Conference on Former Yugoslavia, met with Hungarian Prime Minister Gyula Horn, MTI reports. Topics discussed included losses suffered by the Hungarian economy owing to the UN's trade embargo on rump Yugoslavia. Owen said that according to UN regulations, countries whose economies are adversely affected by an UN embargo are entitled to compensation. -- Karoly Okolicsanyi, RFE/RL Inc. HUNGARY BANS SALES OF POWDERED PAPRIKA. Owing to widespread lead contamination, the Hungarian government has banned the sale of powdered paprika, Western agencies report. The poisonous material, which was "added" by criminal gangs and used as an artificial coloring to improve the appearance of low-quality paprika, has made dozens of people ill. The ban, however, is in effect only at markets and outdoor fairs. Officials say controls at the country's two largest producers, which provide all Hungary's paprika exports, are adequate. The police report that 18 people have been arrested for selling contaminated paprika. -- Karoly Okolicsanyi, RFE/RL Inc. ROMANIAN PARLIAMENT BEGINS DEBATE ON CORRUPTION. Radio Bucharest broadcast on 28 September the opening of the parliamentary debate on corruption following the submission of a report by a special investigative commission to a joint session of the parliament's two houses. The opposition members of the commission presented their own views. Reuters reported the debate was stormy, with politicians trading insults and accusations. A substantial part of the report is taken up by accusations of corruption directed at members of the former government of Petre Roman and at Roman himself. Opposition politicians, on the other hand, accused the commission's chairman, Romulus Vonica, of ignoring corruption cases in the incumbent government of Premier Nicolae Vacaroiu. -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. CROATIAN PRIME MINISTER IN ROMANIA. Nickica Valentic began a two-day visit to Romania on 28 September. Valentic is heading a delegation of government officials and businessmen. Radio Bucharest reported the same day that he was received by Premier Nicolae Vacaroiu, with whom he discussed bilateral ties and the conflict in the former Yugoslavia. Valentic is also to meet with President Ion Iliescu. -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. ROMANIAN RADIO DIRECTOR GENERAL RESIGNS. Eugen Preda, director general of Romanian Radio, resigned effective 29 September. Foreign and domestic observers credit Preda with having transformed the radio into an independent and objective station and having promoted, after 1989, many young people to prominent positions. No reason for the resignation was given in Preda's "letter of departure" to his colleagues, broadcast by Radio Bucharest on 28 September. However, Preda is known to have been nominated for a position on the new board of directors of the state-owned Romanian Broadcasting Company and cannot hold both posts. Preda has often been the target of attacks in the extreme nationalist press, mainly because of his Jewish origins. In his letter, he urged his peers to continue safeguarding the radio's image as a "public service" reflecting the interests of Romanian "civil society" and to reject any attempted interference by the state. -- Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. BULGARIAN PRIME MINISTER PROPOSED. The New Choice Party, a small centrist group, has proposed former Defense Minister and Presidential Adviser Dimitar Loudzhev as prime minister. President Zhelyu Zhelev asked the New Choice Party to form a government after the two largest groups in the parliament--the Socialist Party and the Union of Democratic Forces--refused to do so. Both parties want early parliamentary elections. The previous government of Prime Minister Lyuben Berov resigned on 2 September. New Choice Party Chairman Ivan Pushkarov told journalists in Sofia on 28 September that his party knew its chances of success were slim but that the alternative of early elections would be "a disaster for the country." Loudzhev said he would announce his proposed cabinet after consultations with various political parties. He added that his party would look for coalition partners among both former communist and anti-communist groups. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. ONLY 23% OF CRIMEANS SUPPORT MESHKOV. Ukrainian Television reported on 27 September that only 23% of Crimeans support Crimean President Yurii Meshkov. Roughly the same percentage of Crimea's deputies back Meshkov. They reason that if the Crimean parliament does not reach a compromise with Meshkov, Kiev will take away the peninsula's autonomous status. The leader of the Kurultai faction, Refat Chubarov, responded to this argument by saying it would be better for Crimea to have the status of an oblast rather than independence under Meshkov's rule. Negotiations between Meshkov and the Crimean parliament are continuing. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. BELARUSIAN RUBLE TO BECOME SOLE LEGAL TENDER. The head of the National Bank of Belarus, Stanislau Bahdankevich, said that beginning next month, the Belarusian ruble will be the only legal tender in the country, Belarusian Radio reported on 27 September. Shops will no longer be allowed to sell goods for hard currency and will operate along the lines of those in Russia. Bahdankevich said the country's new currency would be introduced once the monthly inflation level fell to 7% or less. -- Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. MOLDOVA UNCERTAIN OF ROMANIAN "SINCERITY." Returning from a visit to Moldova, British Foreign Office Minister Douglas Hogg told a news conference in Bucharest on 28 September that he had taken a close look at Romanian-Moldovan relations. An RFE/RL correspondent reported that Moldovan Foreign Minister Mihai Popov told Hogg that Moldovan-Romanian relations "depend on [both] sides' sincerity. Romania persists in viewing the Republic of Moldova as Bessarabia" (Romania's way of implying that Moldova is a Romanian province). Hogg said he had asked Bucharest about its attitude toward Moldova and received "reassuring" answers. Reuters quoted Hogg as telling the Bucharest news conference that his "reason for going to Moldova was to reinforce its sovereignty and independence." The same agency on 22 September quoted Romanian President Ion Iliescu as saying, after talks with pro-Romanian oppositionists from Moldova, that Moldova's independence was meant to apply vis-a-vis Moscow, not vis-a-vis Romania. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. NEW US AMBASSADOR TO LITHUANIA. James W. Swihart presented his credentials to President Algirdas Brazauskas on 26 September, BNS reported the next day. He told journalists that his primary task in Lithuania will be to coordinate economic assistance, strengthen trade ties, and promote investments. He noted that economic reform in Lithuania is progressing more slowly than in Estonia and Latvia but assured Lithuanians that there has been no discussion on ending US economic assistance to Lithuania. Swihart praised the recent statement by Prime Minister Adolfas Slezevicius apologizing to Jews for their sufferings during World War II and promising to prosecute Nazi war criminals. He also rejected claims in a Washington Times article that Russia and the US intend to divide spheres of influence and that the US will continue its traditional policy of supporting and strengthening Baltic independence. -- Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL Inc. LATVIA CONCERNED ABOUT ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS. Addressing a seminar on ways to control illegal migration and the concomitant social and legal problems, Latvian Prime Minister Maris Gailis said about 40,000 people entered Latvia illegally in 1993--ten times the number who entered Finland, for example. Gailis noted that more recent figures suggest illegal migration to Latvia is increasing. He said Latvia should create data bases, improve the communications systems of border guards, promote contacts with appropriate agencies in neighboring countries, and revise migration-related laws, Diena reported on 28 September. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. LATVIAN PRESIDENT MEETS HEADS OF STATE IN NEW YORK. After addressing the 49th session of the UN General Assembly, Guntis Ulmanis met with several heads of state to discuss issues of common interest. Recalling with pleasure his visit to Riga, US President Bill Clinton expressed satisfaction to Ulmanis over the withdrawal of Russian troops from Latvia and said he was convinced that Latvia would never again be relegated to any sphere of influence. Russian President Boris Yeltsin urged for a more active dialog between his country and Latvia. He also discussed with Ulmanis the possibility of visiting Riga in 1995. Ulmanis received invitations to visit Romania and Ukraine in the near future, Latvian media reported on 28 September. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. [As of 1200 CET] (Compiled by Eileen Downing and Jan Cleave) The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU. This report is also available by postal mail, as are the other publications of the Institute, and by fax. RFE/RL NEWS BRIEFS, an edited compendium of items first published in the Daily Report, is distributed along with the RFE/RL RESEARCH REPORT, a weekly journal providing topical analyses of political, economic and security developments throughout the Institute's area of interest. Longer analyses are available in a monograph series, RFE/RL STUDIES, and brief analytic summaries appear monthly in the RESEARCH BULLETIN. 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