|I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up, live out the true meaning of its creed: we hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal. - Rev. Martin Luther King 1929-1968|
No. 184, 27 September 1994
RUSSIA YELTSIN MEETS CLINTON, ADDRESSES UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY. During his visit to the United States President Boris Yeltsin discussed economic cooperation with President Bill Clinton and addressed the UN General Assembly on 26 September. In his speech he urged there should be no more nuclear weapons in the world (see following item). He also suggested the total restructuring of international mechanisms, aimed at putting an end to the heritage of a bipolar world that had disappeared: new structures, Yeltsin said, should be created under the auspices of the UN. The Russian leader also touched on his country's "national interests" (presumably referring to other parts of the former Soviet Union) and said there should be no double standards in respect of human rights. Yeltsin's address was broadcast live on Russian television. He was the third Russian leader to have addressed the UN, after Nikita Khrushchev and Mikhail Gorbachev. ~ Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. YELTSIN'S UN ARMS PROPOSALS. Yeltsin proposed five specific new security measures in his address to the UN General Assembly. He first called for the signing in 1995 of a treaty banning all nuclear weapons tests plus further unspecified cuts in American and Russian strategic nuclear weapons. He urged an "indefinite and unconditional extension" of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty coupled with more precise guarantees of the safety of nonnuclear states. His third proposal was for the five declared nuclear weapons states to sign a treaty ending the manufacture of nuclear weapons material, refrain from recycling fissionable material into new weapons, and reduce their nuclear delivery systems. Next, he suggested that the UN should coordinate the growing number of regional security systems. Finally, the Russian president called for a UN conference in 1996 on international cooperation in defense conversion. The initial American reaction was mixed and muted. Reuters quoted Madeleine Albright, the US ambassador to the UN, as calling his proposals "creative and intriguing" but adding that they required more study. An unnamed US defense official suggested that many of Yeltsin's proposals were premature. ~ Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. YELTSIN AT UN ON CIS AFFAIRS. Addressing the UN General Assembly, President Yeltsin asserted that the CIS states constituted "Russia's foreign-policy priority," as "Russia's ties with them exceed those of mere neighborliness. This is rather a blood relationship" (phrases implying still greater closeness than "the near abroad"). As if speaking on their collective behalf and in effect preempting the other heads of CIS states, who are also due to address the Assembly, Yeltsin spoke of "the growing striving toward integration among them, and not only in words but in fact." Nevertheless he went on to chastise unspecified "attempts to play on the contradictions among them." Repeatedly using the term "the former Union's space" (without the word "Soviet") as if it were a geopolitical unit, Yeltsin claimed that "the main burden of peacemaking [there] rests on the Russian Federation's shoulders." He claimed credit for Russian peacemaking efforts in Moldova, Georgia, Karabakh, and Tajikistan, without mentioning the role of Russian armed forces in supporting clients there and in shaping political outcomes advancing Russian geopolitical interests. Mostly couched in generalities and essentially seeking legitimacy for a special Russian role in the CIS, the speech appears to set the stage for specific Russian proposals on regional security to be submitted to the session and also, Russian officials have implied, in private discussions with the UN secretary-general and the US president. ~ Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. POLL FINDINGS ON MOST INFLUENTIAL RUSSIAN POLITICIANS. An opinion poll conducted among a large group of experts, political scientists, and commentators by the Public Opinion research center--reported on 25 September by the Independent Russian Television news program "Itogi" and on the following day by ITAR-TASS--found the following to be the ten most influential Russian politicians, after Yeltsin. They were (in descending order): (1) Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin; (2) the speaker of the State Duma, Ivan Rybkin; (3) First Deputy Prime Minister Oleg Soskovets; (4) the speaker of the Council of the Federation, Vladimir Shumeiko; (5) the head of Yeltsin's bodyguard, Aleksandr Korzhakov; (6) Yeltsin's chief aide, Viktor Ilyushin; (7) the head of the Presidential Administration, Sergei Filatov; (8) Yeltsin's national security adviser, Yurii Baturin; (9) the leader of Russia's Democratic Choice, Egor Gaidar; and (10) the head of the Yabloko parliamentary faction, the liberal economist Grigorii Yavlinsky. Only Yavlinsky could be considered totally independent of the president; Gaidar may be termed "partially independent." The influence of the remaining politicians depends almost entirely on Yeltsin's favor. (According to another survey, cited in the same edition of "Itogi," only 12% of voters said they trusted Yeltsin, while 57% of those polled said that they had no confidence in him.) ~ Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. 410,000 SIGNATURES IN FAVOR OF REFERENDUM ON RESTORING THE MONARCHY. During the fortnight that has passed since 12 September, when it first announced the move, the Majority Party has collected 410,000 signatures in 24 Russian regions in favor of a referendum on the restoration of the monarchy in Russia and the extension for two further years of the terms of both the parliament and the president, party Chairman Vyacheslav Grechnev told Interfax on 26 September. The referendum would call for the restoration of the Romanov dynasty under young Prince Georgii, with Yeltsin as regent. The Russian Law on Referendums, which requires 1 million signatures before a referendum can be held, was passed in 1990 and is believed to have been rendered invalid with the adoption in December 1993 of the new Russian Constitution, which has different requirements on this score. ~ Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. YELTSIN AIDES DEFEND ANTICRIME DECREE. On 26 September Yeltsin's spokesman Vyacheslav Kostikov and Vladimir Vorontsov, public relations officer at the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs, attacked the recommendation by the president's Public Chamber to repeal his decree on combating organized crime (see yesterday's Daily Report). Interfax cited Kostikov as saying that he shared the chamber's concern over human rights violations under the decree but considered that annulling it would be hasty and unrealistic: crime was so rampant in Russia, Interfax and Russian TV cited Kostikov as saying, that only tough measures could eliminate it. Police Colonel Vorontsov also dismissed the chamber's recommendation, saying that only 36 complaints of human rights having been violated in this connection had been deemed valid by the Office of the Russian Prosecutor-General. ~ Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. UNEMPLOYMENT ON THE RISE. An ITAR-TASS report of 26 September cited the Federal Employment Service as disclosing that the number of people out of work in Russia had increased by 1.7 times since the beginning of this year, reaching 1,392,000 by 1 September. Most severely affected were employees in the state sector, in particular in industry, construction, transportation, and communications. Geographically, the fastest rise in unemployment was observed in Karachaevo-Cherkessia, the Orel region, Tatarstan, the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, and Amur Oblast. The unemployed make up 1.7% of Russia's entire adult population, ITAR-TASS reported: 8% of them have been out of work for more than a year and 40% for more than four months. ~ Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. OFFICER SAYS MILITARY BUDGET TOO LOW. Colonel General Vasilii Churanov, a senior officer in the Defense Ministry, told the State Duma's Defense Committee that the proposed 1995 military budget of 60.2 trillion rubles would not be enough to maintain Russia's defense capability at the required level. Interfax reported on 26 September that Churanov had also complained about this year's budget, telling the committee that by that date the Defense Ministry had received only 14.6 trillion rubles--just over half the funds allotted to it over the past nine months. He said that most of the money received was used to pay wages, leaving little over for food, fuel, electricity, and equipment repairs. ~ Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. NAVAL WORKERS ON STRIKE. Workers at the Murmansk Sevmorput naval ship repair facility began a three-day warning strike on 26 September, Interfax reported that day. It quoted the plant's strike committee as saying that workers at Sevmorput and other local defense facilities had not been paid for the last three months' work. Earlier this month, the workers' committee had warned the plant's management of an indefinite general strike unless they received their wages in full. Interfax indicated that the Sevmorput management had promised to pay the back wages over the next few days. ~ Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. RUSSIAN ENERGY MINISTER PROPOSES CASPIAN COMMITTEE. In the wake of official Russian expressions of dissatisfaction over a deal signed by Azerbaijan and an international consortium of oil companies to develop oil fields in the Caspian (see yesterday's Daily Report), Russian Minister of Fuel and Energy Yurii Shafranik has proposed the creation of a multinational coordinating committee to supervise the development of offshore oil deposits in the Caspian Sea, Russian and Western agencies reported on 26 September. Shafranik proposed including Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan as well as Russia, asserting that the first two had already given their verbal agreement to the idea of such a committee. Iran, he said, could eventually join too. A draft of an agreement to create the committee gives each party sovereign rights over territorial waters up to ten miles from its coastline, with the committee supervising the exploitation of mineral resources on the Caspian shelf. ~ Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA NAZARBAEV WANTS CLOSER TIES WITH SAUDI ARABIA. Kazakhstan's President Nursultan Nazarbaev, on an official visit to Saudi Arabia, has called for closer ties between his and his hosts' countries and encouraged Saudi businessmen to invest in Kazakhstan, Western and Russian agencies reported. Nazarbaev met with King Fahd to discuss future cooperation, including Saudi educational opportunities for Kazakhs and the establishment of diplomatic relations, as well as the situation in the Middle East and Central Asia. Nazarbaev also met with the secretary-general of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, who promised to ask Organization members to develop close links with Kazakhstan. Saudi Arabia has provided help to Muslim religious institutions in the new Central Asian states but has been slow to develop business ties or invest in secular projects. ~ Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc. "OPPOSITION" PARTY TO PARTICIPATE IN UZBEK ELECTION. Anvar Yuldashev, chairman of the Homeland Progress Party in Uzbekistan, told journalists on 26 September that his organization would take a very active role in the parliamentary election scheduled for 25 December, Interfax reported. The party is not generally regarded as a genuine opposition to the Popular Democrats of President Islam Karimov; it was set up in 1992 by Karimov's adviser on youth problems, with the president's blessing. It fully supports Karimov's limited reforms, and has attracted a membership of entrepreneurs and young members of the intelligentsia. Its membership of some 35,000 is reported to be concentrated in Tashkent. Though Karimov asserts that the party's participation in the election will ensure that the new parliament will have a multiparty character, the genuine Uzbek opposition will be unable to participate in either the election or the parliament, because it is refused legal registration. ~ Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE KARADZIC MAKES THREATS AFTER CLINTON'S UN ADDRESS. Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic responded angrily to US President Bill Clinton's address to the UN General Assembly on 26 September. Clinton said there was a need for greater enforcement of UN Security Council-mandated safe areas around Sarajevo and other Moslem enclaves in Bosnia. He also asserted that NATO is ready to act, just as it did last week when NATO jets destroyed a Bosnian Serb tank near Sarajevo. Karadzic told Reuters on 26 September that "if there are going to be more air strikes, then there is going to be war between us and the international community. We are cornered and we will fight as we fought the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Hitler. We will fight the United Nations if it turns against us. If NATO comes here, we will fight NATO." ~ Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. ARMS EMBARGO AGAINST BOSNIA TO BE LIFTED? Reuters reported on 26 September that US President Bill Clinton was considering a compromise over his controversial plan to ask the UN to lift the arms embargo against the Bosnian government. Clinton has said he will ask the UN to end the embargo if the Bosnian Serbs refuse to accept the latest peace plan by 15 October. Faced with strong opposition from France, Britain, and Russia, Clinton is now reportedly considering a compromise whereby he would accept a delay in lifting the embargo until winter is over. According to Reuters, Clinton discussed this plan with Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic and UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros Ghali, who are in New York for the UN General Assembly session. Meanwhile, international media report that Izetbegovic will seek a UN Security Council vote on lifting the arms embargo but will propose that this move be delayed for up to six months. Izetbegovic is to address the UN General Assembly on 27 September. ~ Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. SERBIAN PRESIDENT MEETS MEDIATORS. Tanjug reports that Thorvald Stoltenberg and David Owen, co-chairmen of the International Conference on Former Yugoslavia, are in Belgrade to hear a report by UN officials on the effectiveness of Serbia's embargo against the Bosnian Serbs. Serbia imposed the embargo against its former allies after the Bosnian Serbs refused to accept the latest peace plan. In response to the Serbian embargo, the UN Security Council decided tentatively to ease sanctions against Serbia. Tanjug reports that Stoltenberg and Owen are to meet with Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic on 27 September. Stoltenberg told Norwegian Radio on 26 September that he supported easing the embargo against Serbia as a "first step toward peace." ~ Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. SARAJEVO CUT OFF AGAIN. After a Bosnian Serb commander's threat that "any UN plane would be shot down," a state of alert remains in effect at the Sarajevo airport, international media reported on 26 September. UN officials in Sarajevo said there were to be no flights in or out of Sarajevo airport on 26 September. The UN was also trying to determine on 26 September why gas supplies to Sarajevo had been cut off again following an agreement with Bosnian Serbs to restore utilities to the city. A UN official told the media on 26 September that if the supply problem is not technical, it may constitute an abrogation of the agreement. He said Bosnian Serbs had already violated the accord by refusing UN repairmen safe access to damaged electricity pylons. ~ Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. POLISH BROADCASTING CONFLICT CONTINUES. After the 23 September decision to dismiss Marek Markiewicz and Maciej Ilowiecki from the National Broadcasting Council, President Lech Walesa has cut short speculation about the legality of the move by appointing two new members: retired General Henryk Andracki, former communications and information services chief, and Tomasz Kwiatkowski, an official involved in the abolition of the old Radio and Television Committee. Janusz Zaorski, whom Walesa appointed chairman of the NBC in July, has now adopted a confrontational course by refusing to sign the papers that would give force to the low-frequency transmitter license granted in January to the Polish-French Canal Plus coded pay-television company. Sejm Speaker Jozef Oleksy, asked by the eight original NBC members to defuse the conflict, said the president had made finding legal loopholes a specialty and had built his power on them, Gazeta Wyborcza reports. ~ Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka, RFE/RL Inc. DYBIEC FOR POLISH POLICE CHIEF? Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak's preferred candidate for police chief, Leszek Lamparski, withdrew his candidacy on 26 September, after the results of medical examinations confirmed he was unfit for service. At a meeting with President Lech Walesa the same day, Pawlak said he would propose Krzysztof Dybiec, a young policeman who has a successful crime-fighting record in Warsaw and is currently head of operations in the customs police. Walesa said he had "no professional objections" to Dybiec. Interior Minister Andrzej Milczanowski's preferred candidate, Cracow police chief Boguslaw Strzelecki, has revealed he will remain in Cracow. ~ Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka, RFE/RL Inc. POLISH-CHINESE ECONOMIC COOPERATION. On his return to Warsaw from a three-day visit to China, Polish Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak said bilateral trade could reach $1 billion annually in the near future, PAP reported on 25 September. Poland hopes that the signing of eight bilateral agreements will create a legal framework for enhanced cooperation and that the establishment of direct contacts between Polish and Chinese enterprises will boost trade. The Poles have high expectations for the chemical and machinery construction industries, as well as for the energy and agricultural sectors. ~ Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka, RFE/RL Inc. SUDETEN GERMANS WANT TO BLOCK CZECH, SLOVAK EU ENTRY. Franz Neubauer, leader of the largest Sudeten German association in Germany, has sent a letter to the new European parliament saying that "Sudeten Germans cannot imagine that the Czech Republic and Slovakia can become European Union members as long as they insist on the validity of the Benes decrees." Under these decrees, some 3 million Sudeten Germans were expelled from Czechoslovakia and their property confiscated after World War II. CTK reports Neubauer as arguing that the decrees violate human rights and international law. In the case of the Czech Republic, where a majority of the Sudeten Germans lived, "every Sudeten German must have the right to return to the old country." Neubauer also asserted that these questions can be solved through a dialogue between the Czechs and Sudeten Germans. ~ Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. CZECHS, SLOVAKS AGREE ON BOJNICE ALTAR. Slovak Minister of Culture Lubomir Roman and his Czech counterpart, Pavel Tigrid, signed an agreement in Brno on 26 September providing for the return of the Bojnice altar to Slovakia, CTK and TASR report. The 15th-century altar, built for the Bojnice Castle chapel in central Slovakia, was brought to Prague before World War II and is now at the Czech National Gallery. The altar has been a bone of contention between Slovaks and Czechs since the split of Czechoslovakia on 1 January 1993. The altar will be exchanged for ten Gothic paintings. The two ministers also signed an agreement on cultural cooperation. ~ Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL Inc. SLOVAK GOVERNMENT APPOINTS COUNSEL FOR GABCIKOVO. The Slovak cabinet has appointed former Polish Foreign Minister Krysztof Skubiszewski to represent Slovakia in the trial against Hungary over the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros dam, TASR reports. The two countries agreed in April 1993 to bring the case to the International Court of Justice in The Hague. ~ Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL Inc. HUNGARIAN FINANCE MINISTER ON 1995 FINANCIAL POLICY. At a press conference on 26 September, Hungarian Finance Minister Laszlo Bekesi discussed the government's financial policy for 1995, MTI reports. Bekesi said stabilizing the economy and laying the foundations for future economic growth are the two major concerns of his ministry. It is planned that investment will grow by 5% in 1995, while consumption decreases by 2-4%. In order to achieve these goals, the growth in wages must be 5% less than the inflation rate and budget expenditures must be curtailed. The state deficit is planned not to exceed 7% of GDP, projected at 490-510 billion forint. In order to encourage foreign investment, the Hungarian government plans to speed up privatization. ~ Judith Pataki, RFE/RL Inc. ROMANIAN PRESIDENT ADDRESSES THE UN, MEETS WITH CLINTON. Addressing the UN General Assembly on 26 September, Ion Iliescu called for an international "partnership for development" aimed at diminishing instability and tension caused by economic inequality, Radio Bucharest reports on 27 September. He also said Romania supported the inclusion of Germany and Japan in the UN Security Council. The same day Iliescu met with US President Bill Clinton. While welcoming the increase in trade between his country and the US, Iliescu said he hoped the Clinton administration would drop the yearly revisions of his country's most-favored-nation status. He invited Clinton to visit Romania sometime in late 1994. Iliescu also met with UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros Ghali, who is to visit Romania soon, as well as with Bosnian President Alia Izetbegovic, Latvian President Guntis Ulmanis, and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres. Earlier, he held talks with American businessmen. ~ Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. ROMANIAN OPPOSITION PARTY REBUKES ANTI-MOSES SIGNATORY. Ion Diaconescu, deputy chairman of the opposition National Peasant Party-Christian Democratic, said his party has censured NPP-CC Senator Matei Boila, Radio Bucharest reported on 26 September. Boila was one of seven signatories to the letter protesting the appointment of Jewish leader Alfred Moses as US ambassador to Bucharest. Diaconescu said a delegation from his party was on its way to the US embassy to apologize for what he termed "a great political mistake." ~ Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. POLL SHOWS ROMANIAN OPPOSITION AHEAD. A poll carried out by the independent Institute for Opinion and Market Survey on behalf of the Soros Foundation shows that if elections were held in Romania now, the united opposition (the Democratic Convention of Romania) would win. However, the Party of Social Democracy in Romania, the main ruling coalition partner, scores higher than any member of the DCR separately. The results of the poll were reported by Radio Bucharest on 23 September. Emil Constantinescu, the DCR's presidential candidate in the 1992 elections, was supported by 52% of the interviewees, while incumbent President Ion Iliescu's popularity rating was just 45%. ~ Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. CENTRIST PARTY ATTEMPTS TO FORM NEW GOVERNMENT IN BULGARIA. International media reported on 26 September that the New Choice party, a small centrist group, is trying to form a new government in Bulgaria. Lyuben Berov's cabinet resigned on 2 September. Since then, the country's two largest parties--the Socialists and the Union of Democratic Forces--have both refused to form a new government. New Choice leader Ivan Pushkarov accepted President Zhelyu Zhelev's invitation to name a cabinet. If Pushkarov fails, new elections will be inevitable. New Choice hopes to put forward a candidate for prime minister by 30 September. The candidate would then have seven days to form a cabinet, which must be approved by the parliament. ~ Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. INTERNATIONAL LOANS FOR ALBANIA. The World Bank has granted Tirana a $10 million credit for agriculture, Rilindja reported on 23 September. The loan is to be used for farm irrigation in seven districts of the country, where it is expected that the annual income of 60,000 families running small farms will increase by about $500. In its annual financial report, published recently, the World Bank gives Albania high marks for economic performance. The report says that Albania has witnessed an economic upsurge and made substantial progress in privatization. Rilindja also reports that the IMF has granted Albania a $21 million credit. ~ Louis Zanga, RFE/RL Inc. FORMER UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT ELECTED TO PARLIAMENT. Leonid Kravchuk, was elected to the parliament in a by-election in Ternopil Oblast, Ukrinform-TASS reported on 26 September. Kravchuk, who does not belong to any political party, garnered 87.4% of the vote. Turnout was 85.7%. ~ Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. CRIMEAN UPDATE. The Crimean parliament called off its session scheduled for 23 September to give its leaders time to consider the Ukrainian parliament's 22 September ultimatum, Ukrainian Television reported on 23 September. The ultimatum demanded that the Crimean parliament bring its legislation into line with Ukraine's by 1 November. Meanwhile, Ukrainian Radio reported on 25 September that "Russia," Crimea's largest parliamentary faction, has split into two groups: "Russia," still headed by Serhii Nikulin, and "Russia-unity," headed by Vice-Admiral Oleksandr Frolov. In the peninsula's presidential elections, "Russia" supported President Yurii Meshkov. The "Russia-unity" faction opposes Meshkov. ~ Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. BELARUS CUTS GAS SUPPLIES TO ENTERPRISES. The Belarusian Energy Ministries are cutting gas and fuel supplies to enterprises that have not paid their energy bills, Belarusian Radio reported on 26 September. To date, a total of 31 enterprises have had their gas supplies cut, while 38 have received reduced electricity supplies. Belarus's debt to its gas supplier, Gazprom, stood at $430 million earlier this month. ~ Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. MOLDOVA APPEALS TO CSCE OVER "DNIESTER" ALPHABET BAN. The Moldovan Foreign Ministry has appealed to the CSCE's Permanent Secretariat, Committee of Senior Officials, Chairman in Office Antonio Martino, and High Commissioner for National Minorities Max van der Stoel to intercede on behalf of the Transdniester Moldovans who want to use the Roman alphabet for their native language. Delegations of Moldovan parents and teachers from the three remaining Transdniester schools resisting the imposition of the Russian script are due to meet soon with US and CSCE missions in Chisinau. The Russian Federation has long ignored Moldova's appeals to intercede. For the second consecutive week, local pan-Russian groups are occupying the premises of the only Moldovan school still teaching in the Roman script in Moldova's right-bank city of Bendery, largely controlled by the left-bank "Dniester republic." ~ Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. ESTONIAN PARLIAMENT PASSES VOTE OF NO CONFIDENCE IN PREMIER. The Estonian parliament passed a vote of no confidence in Prime Minister Mart Laar on 26 September. Sixty deputies voted for the no-confidence motion, 27 against, and one abstained; only 51 votes were needed in the 101-seat parliament to force him from office. Laar's government collapsed amid charges of financial impropriety as the cost of economic reform continued to soar. President Lennart Meri has two weeks to nominate a new prime minister. Laar, who is expected to remain in office until a new candidate is chosen, told the press that his Pro Patria (Isamaa) party is prepared to play a role in the new government if the present course is continued, Baltic media reported. ~ Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. NEW AGRICULTURE MINISTER AND UN ENVOY IN LITHUANIA. President Algirdas Brazauskas on 26 September accepted the resignation of Agriculture Minister Rimantas Karazija and appointed Vytautas Einoris as his replacement. Although Einoris served most recently as his country's envoy to Kazakhstan, he is a professional agronomist with experience dating back to the Soviet era, BNS reported. Three days earlier, the new Lithuanian ambassador to the United Nations, Oskaras Jusys, presented his credentials to UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros Ghali. The Lithuanian envoy assured Boutros Ghali that Lithuania will take an active part in UN activities and will help strengthen the organization's role in the world, BNS reported on 23 September. ~ Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. [As of 1200 CET] (Compiled by Eileen Downing and Jan Cleave) The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU. 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