|To live is so startling, it leaves little time for anything else. - Emily Dickinson|
No. 178, 19 September 1994
RUSSIA YELTSIN DECREE ON NUCLEAR MATERIAL SAFEGUARDS. President Boris Yeltsin has signed a decree on improving the way Russia keeps track of and safeguards its nuclear materials. The text of the new edict was broadcast by RIA on 16 September. It calls for an interdepartmental commission to examine the present state of affairs in this area and to report back to Yeltsin by 15 October. The Russian government is tasked with quickly developing a state information system to account for nuclear materials, strengthening the inspection bodies, and developing "more modern technical means" of monitoring nuclear materials. Responsibility for the accounting and monitoring is to be vested in the Federal Supervisory Agency for Nuclear and Radiation Safety, which is to report directly to the president. This would seem to imply that this agency will get better cooperation from the military than it has in the past. Meanwhile, Sergei Stepashin, head of the Federal Counterintelligence Service, again denied that the smuggled plutonium recently uncovered in Germany originated in Russia. In remarks published by Interfax on 18 September, he also claimed that the security of nuclear materials in Russia was adequate--a position belied by Yeltsin's decree. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. DUDAEV'S TROOPS ATTACK OPPOSITION. On 16 September an adviser to Chechen President Dzhokhar Dudaev arrived in Moscow for talks with Russian officials on the possibility of signing a new bilateral confederation treaty between Russia and Chechnya, Interfax reported, but ITAR-TASS on the same day quoted a spokesman for the Russian Ministry for Nationality Affairs as affirming that Russia had no intention of conducting talks with the Dudaev regime. On 17 September, Dudaev's forces launched an artillery attack on Tolstoi-Yurt, the headquarters of former Russian parliament speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov, but failed to take the village, according to a spokesman for the opposition Provisional Council. Four opposition troops, including a cousin of Khasbulatov, were killed in the fighting. Chechen government forces did succeed in taking control of the main road north from Grozny to the Russian Federation. Also on 17 September, a Chechen government spokesman denied earlier reports that Dudaev had already signed a decree introducing martial law throughout the region, ITAR-TASS reported. -- Liz Fuller, RFE/RL Inc. LAW AGAINST DIRTY MONEY. A new law aimed at combating money laundering will authorize law-enforcement agencies to check the source of citizens' income through the national bank and other financial institutions, the deputy chief of the MVD Administration for Economic Crime, Evgenii Novikov, told Rossiiskaya gazeta on 16 September. The Russian government has already introduced regulations allowing the law-enforcement agencies to obtain information about all transactions involving more than $10,000 from both private and business accounts at the Central Bank and commercial banks; these will remain in effect until the new law is adopted next month. The new controls were sharply criticized in Izvestiya of 16 September as violating not only legislation on banking but also the basic rights of Russian citizens. One of the authors of the new law, senior MVD official Viktor Ageev, said, however, that some journalists and economists "were so opposed to state control over citizens' economic activity that they had failed to notice when their incomes had come under the control of organized criminal groups," Nezavisimaya gazeta reported on 10 September -- Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL Inc. KOSTIKOV SIGNALS YELTSIN WILL STAND IN NEXT PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS. In an interview with Interfax on 16 September presidential spokesman Vyacheslav Kostikov hinted strongly that Yeltsin would run in the presidential elections scheduled for June 1996. Interfax quoted Kostikov as saying that "democrats are betting on B. Yeltsin in 1996," adding that the time was approaching when Yeltsin would make a final decision. Some leading Russian politicians, such as the father of the market-oriented reform program Egor Gaidar and St. Petersburg Mayor Anatolii Sobchak, have said that Yeltsin is the only figure capable of uniting the various feuding democratic factions, while others, including former Finance Minister Boris Fedorov, have voiced a preference for another candidate, the economist Grigorii Yavlinsky. -- Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. YELTSIN DENIES REORGANIZATION OF FSK. Presidential spokesman Kostikov has denied that the Federal Counterintelligence Service may be disbanded, ITAR-TASS reported on 16 September. Kostikov said Yeltsin had no plans to reorganize the FSK and that he considered it an important state institution. Kostikov's statement comes after the publication in Trud of 16 September of a report that Yeltsin's National Security Aide, Yurii Baturin, had drafted a decree dissolving the FSK. According to the report, the FSK's duties would be shared among the Presidential Office, the Prime Minister Office, the Ministry of Justice, the MVD, and the Ministry of Defense. -- Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL Inc. RUSSIA TO GIVE 45 ARMORED VEHICLES TO PALESTINIANS. Russia is to give 45 BRDM-2 armored personnel carriers to the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) to be used by Palestinian police in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank according to a report published by Interfax on 18 September. The vehicles will be delivered in early 1995. Igor Ivanov, first deputy foreign minister, also revealed that Russia would train a small group of Palestinian policemen free of charge. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. MOSCOW RETURNS BODY OF COLD WAR CASUALTY. The body of an American Air Force captain killed when his spy plane was shot down by the Soviets in 1952 was returned to US authorities in Moscow on 15 September. Reuters said that the flyer's remains were exhumed several weeks ago on Yurii Island in the Pacific Kuril Island chain by a joint team of Russian and US investigators. The captain had been the navigator aboard an RB-29 reconnaissance aircraft shot down by Soviet fighters on 7 October 1952. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. BOEING TO USE "CONCORDSKY." The American aircraft company Boeing signed an agreement in Moscow on 15 September to use up to three Tupolev Tu-144 supersonic airliners in a research program. The Tu-144 was dubbed "Concordsky" in the West owing to its similarity to the Anglo-French Concorde. It was in limited service during the 1970s and early 1980s. A prototype crashed at the 1973 Paris air show, killing a number of people. According to Reuters, Boeing intends to use the aircraft as a technology testing platform in research for the High Speed Civil Transport program. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. GROUND FORCES COMMANDER ON HIS TROOPS. Colonel General Vladimir Semenov, the commander in chief of Russia's Ground Forces, told ITAR-TASS on 15 September that the Moscow, Leningrad, North Caucasus, Transbaikal, and Far Eastern Military Districts could be transformed into operational fronts in time of war. The role of the Volga, Urals, and Siberian Military Districts would be to prepare reserves and mobilize units for the five first-echelon districts. Semenov said that the Moscow MD would have to accept the largest number of units returning from Germany and the Baltic States, and that it would take two years to accommodate all of them fully. He regretted that some of the celebrated combat units from World War II could not be kept intact, but said that his Ground Forces had to accept cuts like all the rest of the armed services. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. JOINT EXERCISE IN NORTH CAUCASUS MD. Semenov will supervise a series of command-and-staff exercises in the North Caucasus Military District from 20 to 24 September, a spokesman for the Ground Forces press center told ITAR-TASS on 15 September. The agency noted that these exercises would be the first time that control of all formations and units of all the armed forces stationed in the district would be exercised by the district commander, Colonel General Aleksei Mityukhin. -- Doug Clarke, RFE/RL Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA TAJIK CEASE-FIRE AGREEMENT REACHED. Talks in Tehran mediated by the UN, Russia, and Iran between the Tajik government and Islamic opposition resulted in the signing on 17 September of an agreement on a temporary cease-fire, Western and Russian agencies reported. The cease-fire is to take effect as soon as UN observers can be deployed to monitor it and last until 5 November; Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Velayati expressed confidence that it would hold. No agreement was reached on a political solution to the ongoing civil war. Tajik government forces regained control of the strategic Tavil-Dara Raion east of Dushanbe shortly before the cease-fire was signed, according to ITAR-TASS quoting a Tajik Interior Ministry official. -- Liz Fuller, RFE/RL Inc. KYRGYZSTAN TO HOLD REFERENDUM, PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS. Kyrgyz President Askar Akaev will shortly issue decrees on the holding of a referendum next month on amendments to the constitution that will replace the existing parliament with a two-chamber legislature, Interfax and AFP reported. Elections to the new parliament will be held on 28 December. -- Liz Fuller, RFE/RL Inc. CIS EURASIAN UNION PROPOSAL BEING FLESHED OUT. At a special briefing in Moscow reported by ITAR-TASS and Interfax on 15 September, Kazakhstan's Moscow ambassador, Tair Mansurov, elaborated on Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbaev's proposal--launched earlier this year and officially submitted to CIS heads of state in June--for a Eurasian union as a more advanced form of integration among CIS states. Its prerequisites are deemed to lie in the "economic interdependence, analogous political structures, public mentality, and multiethnic makeup" common to ex-Soviet republics. Disclaiming any intent to re-create either the USSR or the Russian empire, the concept purports to allow for variable-speed integration by individual countries into a "Union of Independent and Equal States," one that would be "correlated to the activity of the CIS." This union's functions would include the coordination of economic policy, adoption and mandatory implementation of joint reform programs, creation of common political institutions including a central "consultative-deliberative" parliament, and "an agreed approach" to military tasks and border defense. The Russian government's reaction to the plan has been cautious, but some influential official circles support it. The plan is to be developed further at a forthcoming international conference in Almaty on the integration of the "Eurasian space." -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE UN COMMANDER THREATENS "MEASURES" TO STOP SARAJEVO FIGHTING. The BBC reported on 19 September that General Sir Michael Rose had warned the Muslims and Serbs to end the fighting that began on 18 September. A spokesman for Rose said that the circumstances under which the violence started were not fully clear but noted that the fighting was the worst in the Bosnian capital for months. The spokesman added that the "measures" could range from Rose's writing letters to his ordering air strikes. Fighting was also reported around Serb-held Doboj in northern Bosnia along the Serbs' key supply corridor. Meanwhile, Serbs continue to block water, gas, and power supplies to Sarajevo for the fifth consecutive day. -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. SERBS STEP UP "ETHNIC CLEANSING." Reuters reported on 17 September that Serbs had expelled a further 700 Muslims from the Banja Luka area, raising the total of those "ethnically cleansed" from there since July to 6,000. CNN said on 19 September that the process was continuing. The Banja Luka Serb leadership is also responsible for the destruction of all the area's mosques, including two from the sixteenth century that were registered with UNESCO. The town was a major Ottoman administrative and commercial center. -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. IS BELGRADE SUPPLYING ARMS VIA KRAJINA? Serbia claims it is blockading traffic to the Bosnian Serbs via the River Drina, but the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung reported on 16 September that helicopters were flying numerous missions across that border, presumably in anticipation of the arrival of international monitors. The paper said that 100 flights had been reported from one site alone. The international "contact group" that same day called for a tightening of measures against the Bosnian Serbs while easing sanctions against Serbia-Montenegro for 100 days. On 17 September Hina reported that Croatia's foreign minister had charged that Serbia was supplying arms to the Serb rebels in Croatia, who are launching strikes on the Muslims in Bihac in cooperation with Bosnian Serb forces. Belgrade has denied similar charges made by the Bosnian government. Control of Bihac would give the Serbs a key rail link that could facilitate the supply of Bosnian Serbs by Serbia via Krajina. Some observers in Belgrade have suggested that President Slobodan Milosevic may be seeking to use the Banja Luka Serbian leadership, which could be supplied via Bihac, against the Pale group headed by Radovan Karadzic. -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. SLOVENIAN FOREIGN MINISTER RESIGNS. Slovenian media and international news agencies said on 16 September that Lojze Peterle had given up the foreign minister's and deputy premier's portfolios in protest over the nomination of a new speaker of parliament by Prime Minister Janez Drnovsek. The prime minister nominated Jozef Skolic, who is from Drnovsek's own party. Slovenia is governed by a shaky three-party coalition, and Peterle considered that the speaker's post should have gone to his Christian Democrats rather than to Drnovsek's Liberal Democrats. Peterle said that his party would decide on 20 September whether to remain in the government. -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT'S SPECIAL ENVOY IN CRIMEA. Interfax reported on 17 September that Leonid Kuchma's special envoy to Crimea, Deputy Prime Minister Yevgeny Marchuk, had held separate meetings in Simferopol with Crimean President Yuri Meshkov and Crimean Parliamentary Chairman Sergii Tsekov. Marchuk repeated Kuchma's "zero option" proposal, under which the parliament would rescind its amendment curbing Meshkov's powers and Meshkov would revoke decrees disbanding the parliament and imposing presidential rule. Crimean State Affairs Minister Viktor Minin told Interfax on 17 September that he believed the crisis was the "early beginning of a power struggle in Ukraine." Minin said the Crimean parliament had targeted Kuchma's supporters. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. NEW GOVERNMENT IN CRIMEA? Ukrainian media reported on 18 September that Crimean President Yuri Meshkov had asked his deputy, Volodymyr Korpov, to begin forming a new government. Korpov is likely to succeed Yevgeni Saburov as deputy prime minister. Saburov, who heads the cabinet, submitted his resignation on 15 September after the Crimean parliament had passed a vote of no-confidence in the government. Meshkov has not yet formally accepted Saburov's resignation. Kiev TV said on 18 September that Korpov would hold negotiations with parliamentary groups on their proposals for cabinet posts. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. CHOLERA OUTBREAK IN CRIMEA REPORTEDLY VERY SERIOUS. On 17 September Reuters reported Crimean Health Minister Yevgeny Korolenko as saying that the cholera outbreak in Crimea was "very serious." Two more deaths from cholera were reported in Crimea on 17 September, bringing the total to at least four in the two weeks since the disease broke out. According to Korolenko, forty more people are suffering from cholera. The health minister said that one cause was the poor quality of the water and that uncontrolled outdoor sales of beer and other drinks were contributing to the spread of the disease. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. CRITICISM OF POLAND'S HAITI ROLE. Plans for Polish participation in the US-led UN Haiti invasion force have stirred controversy in Poland, both on account of the way the decision was made and its implications, Polish media report. The Sejm knew nothing of Poland's pledge of support for the operation until US President Bill Clinton's 15 September address to the American nation. Foreign Minister Andrzej Olechowski was hauled up before three Sejm commissions on 16 September to explain himself. Deputies belonging to the ruling postcommunist coalition accused the president of impropriety in making a decision of such weight on his own, and of holding "Polish blood cheaper than American blood." They claimed the Polish public was against the intervention in Haiti. Olechowski explained that Clinton had called President Lech Walesa on 14 September. Walesa had expressed general support for US policies but excluded any Polish participation in the invasion as such. He stipulated that any Polish role would be limited to aid in administrative reconstruction, monitoring of elections, and peacekeeping after the invasion. The issue was discussed by Walesa at a 15 September meeting with the chiefs of the three security ministries, which fall under his jurisdiction. A final decision is to be made by the government on 19 September. -- Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka, RFE/RL Inc. POLISH SEJM PASSES SECRETS ACT. The Sejm passed the official secrets act after a third reading of the controversial bill on 15 September. The new provisions stipulate that anyone who gains knowledge of classified information is bound to keep it secret, under pain of imprisonment. The deputies rejected amendments that would absolve a journalist from legal liability if the national interest warranted publication of classified information, but it approved an amendment giving access to classified information to a secret service control commission, assuming that the Sejm agrees to establish such a commission. The identities of security police officials or agents will remain perpetually confidential, however, preventing identification of secret police agents who were involved in criminal activities before 1989. Most of the national daily papers criticized the act as placing restrictions on the freedom of speech and the free flow of information, as well as limiting the controlling functions of the press. They indicated that they would be prepared to ignore the new law in certain cases. Walesa's legal spokesman, Lech Falandysz, did not exclude a presidential veto, according to Zycie Warszawy of 19 September. -- Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka, RFE/RL Inc. SLOVAK PRIME MINISTER ON THE ECONOMY. In an interview with CTK on 16 September, Jozef Moravcik said that the transformation of the Slovak economy "must be completed" and that it should be continued after the forthcoming parliamentary elections, regardless of their results. In Moravck's opinion, it was necessary to finish the current transitional period and speed up the integration into European structures. The prime minister said that Slovakia's GNP had grown by 5.3% in the second quarter of 1994 and that he expected it to increase by 4% in 1995. He also pointed out that Slovakia's foreign debt was the lowest in the region. In an interview with the Austrian Press Agency on the same day, Moravcik said that "the Slovak government stands by its privatization program and does not think it is in danger" after recent threats by the leaders of the opposition Movement for a Democratic Slovakia to nationalize property privatized by Moravcik's government. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. SLOVAK PARTY LEADERS' PREELECTION DEBATE. On 18 September, speaking during the last televised debate of Slovakia's party leaders before the elections (scheduled for 30 September and 1 October), Democratic Left Party Chairman Peter Weiss said that he was in favor of creating "a broad coalition" after the elections rather than cooperating with Vladimir Meciar's Movement for a Democratic Slovakia. Weiss said that only such a broad coalition could lead the country out of the current crisis and that his and Meciar's parties differed too deeply over economic policies and other issues. A leader of the coalition of three ethnic Hungarian parties, Pal Csaky, said the coalition was in favor of creating three regions in the south of Slovakia, where ethnic Hungarians would be in a majority. Slovak National Party Chairman Jan Slota argued that Hungarian minority leaders were seeking destabilization and the secession of southern Slovakia. The proposal on the regions was also rejected by Slovak Prime Minister Moravcik, Weiss, and Mikulas Dzurinda, a leader of the Christian Democratic Movement. Meciar argued that the current government had made itself too dependent on the ethnic Hungarian parties' support. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. PREELECTION OPINION POLLS IN SLOVAKIA. According to an opinion poll released by the Slovak Statistical Office on 16 September, Vladimir Meciar's Movement for a Democratic Slovakia would win the elections with 26.6% of the popular vote if the elections were held now. The MDS is followed by the Party of the Democratic Left, with 20%, and by the coalition of Hungarian ethnic parties, with 11%. The Christian Democratic Movement of Jan Carnogursky would receive 9.1% of the vote, while current Prime Minister Jozef Moravcik's Democratic Union would command 8.4%. The last of the six parties that would top the 5% threshold necessary for winning seats in the parliament is the Association of Workers, with 5.9%. The Slovak National Party's has lost more than 3% of its supporters since the previous poll and would now win 3.2% of the vote. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. HUNGARIAN PRESIDENT VISITS CHINA. President Arpad Goncz, in China for a four-day state visit, met with President Jiang Zemin and Prime Minister Li Peng to discuss bilateral and international issues, MTI reported on 16 September. According to Goncz, the two countries' views on human rights differed but China's human rights record should not hinder cooperation in other fields, such as trade and Hungarian participation in Chinese government projects. -- Alfred Reisch, RFE/RL Inc. HUNGARIAN PRIME MINISTER ON THE ECONOMY. Gyula Horn speaking on Hungarian Television on 18 September, said that the country's economic situation was "not too rosy." Some 600 billion forint and almost 1 million jobs had been lost during the privatization process, domestic and foreign debts amounted to 600 billion forint (or 35% of total expenditures), and an illegal economy was estimated to account for 25-35% of the national income. -- Alfred Reisch, RFE/RL Inc. ROMANIAN PRESIDENT IN TURKEY. On 17 September Ion Iliescu paid a one-day official visit to Istanbul, according to Radio Bucharest. Iliescu discussed with his Turkish counterpart Suleyman Demirel and other high-ranking officials a range of bilateral and regional issues, including ways of boosting economic and political relations between the two countries, as well as Black Sea regional cooperation and the situation in Bosnia. Iliescu was accompanied by Romania's Foreign Minister Teodor Melescanu, Trade Minister Cristian Ionescu, and Transportation Minister Aurel Novac. The visit was the last in a series of regular contacts between Romanian and Turkish officials. Iliescu and Demirel had previously met in Bucharest in March of this year. -- Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL Inc. BULGARIAN PRESIDENT AND PARLIAMENT CLASH. On 16 September President Zheleyu Zhelev threatened parliament with rejecting the outcome of expected parliamentary elections if the parliament changed the constitution to allow deputies to stay in session during the campaign. The Bulgarian government resigned in the middle of September and the leaders of the two largest parties want early parliamentary elections. In another development, the leftist majority in the parliament defied the Bulgarian Constitutional Court by replacing eleven members of a council that controls legal appointments. The Constitutional Court had ruled on 15 September that council members could not be replaced before their five-year mandate had run out. The leader of the opposition Union of Democratic Forces, Filip Dimitrov, said the vote was illegal. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. BULGARIAN LABOR CAMP TRIAL WITNESS FOUND DEAD. A police spokesman told journalists on 16 September in Sofia that a key witness in a multiple murder trial of former guards at a Bulgarian labor camp, the former actress Nadia Dunkin, had been found dead. The body of Dunkin, who had been a prisoner at the camp where opponents of the communist regime were sent from 1959 to 1962, was found in her Sofia apartment. The body showed traces of violence. Dunkin was one of the main witnesses in the trial of three Bulgarians charged with murdering fourteen political prisoners at a camp near Lovetch in central Bulgaria. An official of the Bulgarian judiciary said on 16 September that Dunkin's death would not lead to the postponement of the trial, which opened in 1993. -- Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. ALBANIA LAUNCHES MAJOR CAMPAIGN AGAINST CHOLERA. International news agencies reported on 16 September that the Albanian authorities had postponed school openings for two weeks to help prevent the spread of a recent cholera outbreak that has killed five people and affected at least 300 others. A clean-up campaign was held in Tirana over the weekend, and health officials have warned people to drink only boiled or bottled water. -- Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. MOLDOVA SEEKING CONVERSION ASSISTANCE. Moldovan officials told Moldpres on 16 September that the government was seeking foreign assistance for the conversion of former Soviet military-industrial plants in Moldova, which are now "slowly dying." The fourteen plants, mostly equipped with Soviet military technology of the late 1980s, produced mainly measuring instruments, communications equipment, and components and spare parts for the equipment of the former USSR's navy, air force, air defense, and armored forces. The European Union has earmarked an initial loan to launch the conversion of six of those plants. Moldova is also interested in benefiting from the internationally-assisted conversion programs for CIS states, the officials said. -- Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. MOSCOW TO DEFEND INTERESTS OF RUSSIANS IN THE BALTICS. On 16 September a senior Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman, Yurii Fokin, reiterated his country's policy of using all civilized methods to defend the interests of ethnic Russians and Russian-speakers, including retired servicemen, in the Baltic States, Interfax reported. Fokin's remarks came after Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev had raised the issue at the recent meeting of foreign ministers of the Barents Sea countries in Norway. Accusing Latvia of having a discriminatory citizenship law, Fokin called on both Latvia and Estonia to start a dialogue with the ethnic Russians there. He added that economic sanctions against the Baltics States were not imminent. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. CSCE AND UN OFFICIALS ON HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE BALTIC STATES. At the meeting in Prague last week of CSCE senior officials, High Commissioner for Minority Problems Max Van Der Stoel appealed to other countries to help Estonia and Latvia create language-training centers for Russian-speakers. Noting that an examination in the local language was among the requirements for citizenship, he said language-training facilities were insufficient and the state budgets were limited. He also suggested aid for developing radio and television programs for Russian-speakers learning the local language. He pointed out that many problems remained in Latvia's and Estonia's relations with Russia but did not expand, according to RFE/RL's correspondent reporting from Prague on 16 September. On 17 September the coordinator of the UN development program in Lithuania, Jorgen Lissner, told BNS that while there were no grounds for accusing Lithuania of human rights violations, in some cases the international standards were not fully met in that country. He explained that in its constitution Lithuania reserved the right to limit on its territory the rights of citizens of other countries. Lissner also said that there were no women among the members of the current Lithuanian cabinet of ministers, which, he said, was indicative of shortcomings in observing the equal rights of sexes. -- Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. [As of 1200 CET] (Compiled by Penny Morvant and Maggie Evling) The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU. 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