Жизнь - то же самое, что играть в ресторане на скрипке, котрую впервые взял в руки. - С. Батлер
RFE/RL Daily Report no. 155, 17 August 1994 RUSSIA MOSCOW CRITICIZES CLINTON PROPOSAL TO LIFT BOSNIA EMBARGO. On 16 August ITAR-TASS quoted Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman Grigorii Karasin as saying that US President Bill Clinton's plan to request that the UN lift its arms embargo against Bosnia and Herzegovina--if the Bosnian Serb side fails to accept the current peace proposal for the war-torn country--would not only fail to halt conflict but would yield greater bloodshed. According to Karasin, Clinton's proposal is an ill-timed and ill-conceived measure which would only serve to bolster the spirits and fighting morale of Bosnia's Muslims, the major beneficiaries of an embargo lifting. Karasin's statements, the most recent in a string of critical remarks about US policy in Bosnia and Herzegovina, may signal Moscow's unwillingness to leave the Bosnian Serbs isolated. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL Inc. RUSSIA DENIES NUCLEAR SMUGGLING CHARGES. A spokesman for the Russian Federal Counterintelligence-Service (FSK), Aleksandr Mikhailov, has characterized recent charges that enriched plutonium is being smuggled out of Russia as "part of a Western propaganda campaign" directed against Russia and its nuclear industry, ITAR-TASS reported on 17 August. According to Mikhailov, the aim of this campaign is to put "Russian nuclear installations under Western control." Mikhailov also said that his agency has no information indicating any "substantial" leaks of nuclear material from Russia. Meanwhile, the Bavarian Minister of Interior, Guenter Beckstein, has revealed details of the spectacular seizure of approximately 300 grams of Russian weapons-grade plutonium that police confiscated from the luggage of two Spaniards and one Colombian; the three initially offered to sell German undercover agents 4 kilograms of plutonium for $245 million. All three men arrived from Moscow, where one of them has an apartment. Meanwhile, police in the German city of Bremen have seized a tiny amount of pure plutonium from a former East German. According to German television on 16 August, the plutonium was found in a capsule carrying the markings of the Russian nuclear company "Isotop." Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL Inc. SITUATION IN CHECHNYA. The Russian Federal Counter-Intelligence Service and the Ministry of Interior Affairs issued a joint statement on 16 August denying accusations of the Chechen leadership that the Russian MVD troops participated in a military attack on a settlement in the Nadterenchyi raion of Chechnya. This raion is controlled by the Chechen opposition Provisional Council. The Chechen Department of State Security said Russian special troops together with "terrorist groups set up by the Provisional Council attacked peaceful residents in the settlement of Bratskoe on the night of 16 August." The Russian Counter Intelligence-Service and the MVD rejected the accusation as "absurd" and told ITAR-TASS that Russia had not been involved in any kind of terrorist activities in Chechnya. Vera Tolz, RFE/RL Inc. YELTSIN IS WORKING WHILE ON VACATION, FILATOV SAYS. President Yeltsin is working on a series of decrees while taking a Volga River boat trip, the president's chief of staff, Sergei Filatov, told ITAR-TASS on 12 August. The official did not elaborate. Filatov said Yeltsin had left no one to stand in for him officially in the Kremlin because the boat is equipped with modern communication systems. On 15 August, Yeltsin made a stop in the city of Togliati. Speaking to local residents and city authorities, the president said certain measures had been worked out to resolve the situation in and around Chechnya. He refused to reveal the measures, however, saying it would be premature. Vera Tolz, RFE/RL Inc. HOW RUSSIANS VIEW DEMOCRACY. Russian TV "Vesti" on 16 August cited the results of a survey taken by the Russian Public Opinion Research Center together with the popular weekly Argumenty i fakty. Approximately half of the respondents, "Vesti" said, believe in the necessity of democracy for Russia, while approximately a quarter of them said that Russia does not need democracy. However, only 19% of those polled agreed that Russia today is ruled by democrats. More than 50% of the respondents reportedly do not view Russia's current leaders as true democrats, and "about the same number" also do not characterize Boris Yeltsin as a democrat, "Vesti" concluded. Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. PROMINENT BUSINESSMAN ARRESTED FOR BRIBE. The Vice-President of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, Lev Vainberg, has been arrested for bribing an official of the State Custom Committee, ITAR-TASS reported on 12 August. Vainberg is owner of the "Solev management" company, which deals with utilization of gold and other precious metals derived from obsolete military equipment. In 1992 Vainberg applied to the Russian government for a license to export surplus military hardware containing precious metals, according to Izvestiya of 8 July. Vainberg argued then that the available domestic technologies for enrichment of precious metals were less efficient than their Western analogs. As an experiment, Vainberg requested permission to export military equipment in order to ascertain which type of technology is most productive, and over the last two years he managed to send abroad some 300 tons of military hardware. However, neither gold nor other precious metals derived as a result were ever returned to Russia. Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL Inc. RUTSKOI LOSES APPEAL TO SUPREME COURT. The Military Collegium of the Russian Supreme Court ruled on 12 August that Defense Minister Pavel Grachev had the legal authority to strip former Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi of his rank as Air Force Major General, Interfax reported. Acting on the order of President Yeltsin, Grachev stripped Rutskoi of his military rank on 4 October on the grounds that by organizing disturbances in Moscow, Rutskoi had violated the honor of his uniform. At the same time, the Military Collegium ruled that the defense minister violated some procedures in stripping Rutskoi of his rank. Therefore the collegium ordered the ministry to pay Rutskoi back to 4 October 4 1993. Interfax quoted Rutskoi as saying he would now file civil lawsuits against Yeltsin and Grachev. Vera Tolz, RFE/RL Inc. CHOLERA KEEPS SPREADING IN DAGESTAN. Russia's First Deputy Prime Minister, Oleg Soskovets, has authorized the introduction of a

quarantine in the North Caucasian republic of Dagestan, where the

number of cholera cases continues to rise, ITAR-TASS reported on
15 August. The measure still requires approval from several
Russian ministries and the authorities in Dagestan. The agency
quoted the Russian Health Ministry as saying that 59 more people
in the republic had fallen ill with cholera over the preceding
several days. The total number of cholera cases in Dagestan is
now 440, and to date fourteen people have died from the disease,
according to the official statistics. On 13 August city health
authorities in Moscow said that fourteen cholera cases have been
registered in the Russian capital since early July, including ten
contracted in Rwanda and others in Dagestan.  Vera Tolz, RFE/RL

Tokyo exchanged protests on 16 August following an incident one
day earlier in which a Russian Border Guards vessel opened fire
on two Japanese boats fishing in waters off the disputed South
Kuril Islands. One of the vessels was hit and detained; a
Japanese crew member was wounded during the action. Reuters
reported from Tokyo on 16 August that Japan's Foreign Minister
had complained to a Russian Foreign Ministry official over the
incident and had called it "extremely regrettable." In Moscow on
the same day Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Aleksandr Panov
reportedly summoned Japanese ambassador Koji Watanabe and told
him that Russia wanted an end to illegal fishing activities in
the waters off the disputed islands. Panov refused to accept a
reciprocal protest from Watanabe. Russian Border Forces officers,
meanwhile, continued to take a hard line on the issue, releasing
a statement that, according to AFP, blamed the Japanese for
escalating tensions in the region and charged that "Japanese
fishermen violate Russia's sovereignty with impertinence under
the eyes of Japanese Coast Guard crews." They defended the
actions of the Russian vessel that had fired upon the Japanese
boat.  Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc.

and Tokyo bickered over the fishing incident, a report surfaced
that Russian residents of the disputed Kuril Islands have
requested aid from the Japanese government to finance their
return to the Russian mainland. According to AFP, quoting
ITAR-TASS, seven hundred island residents signed the request,
which was sent in an open letter to Japanese Prime Minister
Tomiichi Murayama. Details were not available. An ITAR-TASS
report earlier this month expressed concern over the large number
of Russians migrating from the islands back to the mainland.
Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc.


of the dismissal of two government ministers for financial
irregularities, Turkmenistan's Ministry of Finance is checking
government contracts with foreign firms to ensure that they are
in accord with the country's interests, Interfax reported on 15
August. According to unconfirmed reports, the two officials had
embezzled foreign revenues obtained from the export of petroleum
products and mineral fertilizers. The newly-created Ministry for
Foreign Trade is supposed to deal with the findings of the
investigators.  Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc.


officials told the RFE/RL Research Institute that there can be no
question of Russian military basing rights in Moldova, despite
intimations by Krasnaya zvezda on 9 August (which anticipated
"mutual consent"), Segodnya on the 10th, and no. 32 Moskovskie
novosti, released on 11 August (which cited military sources as
predicting the conferral of basing rights on Russia's 14th Army
in Moldova after it is downsized to an operational group of the
59th motor-rifle division this fall). In Segodnya of 10 August,
military commentator Pavel Felgengauer quoted Moldova's charge
d'affaires in Moscow, Valeriu Pasat, as saying that he had called
on Russia's Chief of the General Staff, Col. Gen. Mikhail
Kolesnikov, to say that "[Moldova's] leadership is very worried"
by the situation in the 14th Army and would opt for a continuing
presence of that army, with basing rights, to guarantee
stability. Pasat also implied that he discussed ways to
circumvent Moldova's recent constitutional ban on the stationing
of foreign troops on its territory. Officials in Chisinau
stressed that Pasat's initiative had been unauthorized.  Vladimir
Socor, RFE/RL Inc.

BLACK SEA FLEET NEGOTIATIONS. Another round of negotiations on
dividing the Black Sea Fleet opened in Moscow on 16 August,
ITAR-TASS reported. In April the division of the fleet's 833
vessels was agreed upon. Russia was to get 669 of the ships,
while Ukraine was to keep 164 and be compensated by Russia for
its smaller share. The stumbling bloc during those negotiations
was the issue of basing. Ukraine insisted that Russia would be
allowed to lease only one base in Crimea, the one at Donuzlav.
ITAR-TASS reports that Ukraine has become more flexible on the
basing issue, offering to share other Crimean bases between the
Ukrainian navy and Black Sea Fleet. The results of the
negotiations should be announced on 17 August.  Ustina Markus,

CLARIFICATION. The RFE/RL Daily Report of 16 August mis-stated
the amount of plutonium seized in Munich a week earlier. The
above item in today's Daily Report provides a clarification.


reports on 17 August that the UN mediator for the former
Yugoslavia, Thorvald Stoltenberg, said the previous day that
lifting the arms ban against the Bosnian government "could be
helpful" in bringing the Serbs around to accepting the current
partition plan. He said, however, that this must be a Security
Council decision and not taken unilaterally by individual
countries. The US has been moving in the direction of lifting the
embargo, and Turkey and some other Islamic countries have long
called for it. International mediators have openly opposed it.
Meanwhile, The Times of London reports that Serb forces
surrounding Sarajevo have cut the city's water supply down to a
trickle, recalling conditions obtained during the worst of the
blockade.  Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc.

RFE/RL's South Slavic Language Service and Reuters reported from
Pale on 16 August that the Bosnian Serb commander, Gen. Ratko
Mladic, has reappeared after what he called a "vacation."
Speculation about Mladic's whereabouts and motives had been rife
in view of his silence during the almost three week-old public
feud between Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and Serbian
President Slobodan Milosevic. Mladic joined his civilian
counterpart in wielding a scythe to help with the harvest in a
display of the siege mentality Karadzic has been encouraging
among his people.  Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc.

BABIC BACKS KARADZIC. On 17 August Borba reports that the Serbian
Democratic Party of Krajina (SDSK), led by one-time president and
current foreign minister of the self-styled Republic of Serbian
Krajina (RSK) Milan Babic, has lent its backing to the Bosnian
Serb leadership's efforts to reject the international community's
peace proposal for Bosnia and Herzegovina, despite Milosevic's
seeming efforts to coerce the Bosnian Serbs to adopt the plan.
According to an SDSK statement , the party fully backs Bosnian
Serb efforts "to unify all Serb lands into one Serb land." Babic
himself has been at odds with Milosevic, the likely actor behind
the electoral chicanery that cost Babic his bid for the RSK
presidency in January 1994, and Babic may be sensing deja vu in
the current row between the Bosnian Serb leader and Milosevic.
Stan Markotich, RFE/RL Inc.

International media on 16 August quoted the Bosnian government
forces commander, Gen. Rasim Delic, as saying that the absence of
a political solution means that the military option is now the
only viable course. He added that the war is continuing and that
his forces are growing stronger. Reuters quoted Bosnia's
ambassador to the UN, Muhamed Sacirbey, as adding: "if we can't
have a real peace, then we may as well have a real war." For some
Muslims, however, any renewed offensive may come a bit late,
since Reuters quotes UN officials as saying that the Serbs are
again stepping up the "ethnic cleansing" of Bijeljina in the
northeast.  Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc.

spied in the US on behalf of the Polish People's Republic from
1977 until his capture by the FBI in 1981, was named to head
Poland's civil intelligence service. Early reports carried by
Zycie Warszawy and Gazeta Wyborcza on 16 August were confirmed
the same day by the Interior Ministry's spokesman, PAP reports.
Zacharski was sentenced to life imprisonment in the US but was
exchanged in June 1985 for 25 Western agents caught in the Soviet
bloc. In 1990 he was managing director of the Pewex import-export
chain but was forced to resign by public charges of having been a
KGB agent. Categorical denials by Zacharski and Poland's former
communist leaders have failed to dispel doubts, however. His
appointment was consulted neither with the president's National
Security Office nor with the Sejm's internal affairs commission.
Most of the opposition parties have criticized the appointment.
Some observers fear the appointment will offend the US and
jeopardize Poland's chances of joining NATO, PAP reports. US
officials declined to comment. Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka, RFE/RL Inc.

STILL NO MAYOR FOR WARSAW. Two months after local elections the
process of constituting local government authorities in Poland's
municipalities is still incomplete. PAP reported on 15 August
that political rivalry among the newly elected councilors has
stymied the election of mayors in Warsaw and six other voivodship
capitals. Results in the remaining voivodship capitals suggest a
political patchwork: ten of the mayors belong to or were
recommended by the Democratic Left Alliance, nine by the Freedom
Union, four by the Center Alliance, one by the Nonparty Reform
Bloc, and the remainder either by local coalitions or by various
right-of-center coalitions. Premier Waldemar Pawlak's Polish
Peasant Party, largely unrepresented in the municipalities, is
the strongest political force not only in rural councils but also
in the voivodship assemblies (sejmiki), which are constituted by
delegated representatives of the local councils. Of the 49
voivodship assembly chairmen, the PSL claims 21 members and 3
supporters. It also claims some 40% of the entire composition of
the National Local Government Assembly, according to a report in
Rzeczpospolita on 16 August.  Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka, RFE/RL Inc.

soldiers from the Czech Republic, Germany and Poland began a
three-day joint friendship march along the borders between their
countries. A Czech Defense Ministry spokesman was quoted by CTK
as saying that the German military suggested the idea to
strengthen contacts between the three armies. Twenty-two soldiers
from each country are participating in the march, which takes
them through the towns of Liberec in northern Bohemia, Zittau on
the German-Czech border, and Zgorzelec on Poland's border with
Germany.  Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc.

CZECH OFFICIALS ON CARLOS. A spokesman for the Czech Ministry of
Internal Affairs told journalists in Prague on 16 August that the
ministry's archival documents show that the international
terrorist known as Carlos visited former Czechoslovakia several
times between 1976 and 1986. In most cases, Carlos traveled to
Czechoslovakia on a South Yemeni passport. The documents
generally provide no details on Carlos's contacts in
Czechoslovakia. The spokesman said that from the beginning of the
1980s, the political leaders of former communist countries tried
to distance themselves from Carlos; his movements were monitored
by the security forces of those countries and measures were taken
to prevent him from entering some communist countries. An
official of the anti-terrorist department of the Czech Police
told Czech Television on 16 August that, according to police
sources, Carlos was apparently present at the Prague Ruzyne
Airport during US President Bill Clinton's visit at the beginning
of 1994; however, the Interior Ministry spokesman denied these
reports.  Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc.

officially opened the American Business Center in Bratislava on
16 August, TASR reported. Opening ceremonies were attended by US
Ambassador to Slovakia Theodore Russell, Slovak Deputy Premier
Schmoegnerova and other government and business representatives.
The ABC is designed to strengthen US-Slovak business ties by
assisting small and medium-sized US firms which are interested in
cooperating with Slovak firms.  Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL Inc.

According to Laszlo Kovacs, Hungary's opposition politicians are
attacking statements the government never made, such as its
alleged promise to sign a treaty with Slovakia during Premier
Gyula Horn's 5 August visit to Bratislava, MTI reported. The
treaties with Hungary's neighbors are not a goal but a means to
build good relations and mutual confidence, and the issue is
whether or not Budapest has an interest in responding to
Slovakia's and Romania's initiatives in that direction, Kovacs
said. Hungary and Slovakia continue to disagree about the manner
in which minority rights should be guaranteed in the treaty, with
Slovakia rejecting the notion of collective or community rights
and the participation of the minorities in the drafting of the
treaty. In Kovacs' view, the treaties could be finalized and
signed in a relatively short time, but in the absence of the
necessary political will on both sides, this is unlikely to
occur.  Alfred Reisch, RFE/RL Inc.

Joulwan, Supreme Allied Forces Commander in Europe, arrived on 16
August in Budapest for a three-day official visit at the
invitation of Col. General Janos Deak, Hungarian Army Commander.
According to MTI, Joulwan will meet Defense Minister Gyorgy
Keleti, President Arpad Goncz, and Deputy Premier Gabor Kuncze
and will view a Hungarian Army sub-unit combat exercise. In a 15
August statement, the Hungarian government expressed its shock at
the death of NATO Secretary General Manfred Woerner and praised
him for his key role in promoting dialogue and cooperation
between NATO and the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.
Alfred Reisch, RFE/RL Inc.

Miller, the Supreme Commander of the NATO Allied Forces in the
Atlantic and US Commander-in-chief in that region, visited
Bulgaria from 15 to 16 August. At the concluding press
conference, Adm. Miller called the visit "extraordinarily
successful" and said talks with top Bulgarian officials had been
useful for outlining further cooperation between the Bulgarian
Army and NATO within the Partnership for Peace program. Gen.
Lyuben Petrov, the host and Chief of the Bulgarian General Staff,
said that he hoped the visit would help to enhance NATO's
confidence both in the country and its armed forces. While in
Sofia, Adm. Miller also met with Defense Minister Valentin
Aleksandrov and chair of the parliamentary Committee on National
Security, Nikolay Slatinski, to discuss broader defense and
security matters. BTA carried the reports. From Bulgaria, Adm.
Miller continued to Romania on 16 August, at the invitation of
Romania's Chief of Staff, Lt. Gen. Dumitru Cioflina.  Kjell
Engelbrekt and Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL Inc.

co-chairman of Romania's largest trade union organization, the
National Confederation of Romania's Free Trade Unions--The
Brotherhood, announced on 16 August that he would set up a
separate organization. Radio Bucharest broadcast a statement by
Ciorbea saying that the current organization has increasingly
become a slave to the authorities. Ciorbea criticized Miron
Mitrea, the other co-chairman of the confederation, for
politically supporting President Ion Iliescu and the ruling Party
of Social Democracy in Romania. He pledged that the future labor
organization will follow the principles of the Democratic
Convention of Romania, the country's main opposition alliance. It
is not clear how many of NCRFTU's 2.5 million members will join
the new confederation.  Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL Inc.

18 former political prisoners on 14 August for continuing a
hunger strike past a court deadline. The public prosecutor has
begun investigations because the strikers resisted efforts of the
police to implement a court order to end the strike, Gazeta
Shqiptare reported on 16 August. Police have now broken up the
hunger strike by some 2,500 former political prisoners all over
Albania. The strikers are demanding money and privatization bonds
in compensation to be paid before the government's term ends late
1995. The government rejected the demands and accused the
strikers of trying to subvert democracy in Albania, Rilindja
Demokratike reported on 12 August. However Kurt Kola, the strike
leader arrested in Tirana, said: "I will continue the hunger
strike wherever I am," Aleanca reported on 16 August. Azem
Hajdari, a member of parliament and president of the state
commission for public order, who joined the strike on 11 August,
continues to fast in his home.  Fabian Schmidt, RFE/RL Inc.

Committee made public via Basapress on 15 August an appeal it has
addressed to the CSCE Mission in Moldova regarding the arrest two
days earlier of Alexei Mocreac, a leader of the pro-Moldova
"Integrity" movement, by "Dniester republic" security organs. In
recent weeks, the Helsinki Committee made public information
regarding the persecution and arrest of Nikolai Podryadov in
Tiraspol and Yurii Kliuev in Bendery. All three (the first an
ethnic Moldovan, the latter two ethnic Russians) are political
opponents of the "Dniester" authorities. At a news conference in
Tiraspol on 14 August, Lt.-General Aleksandr Lebed, commander of
Russia's 14th Army in Moldova, who has become a critic of the
"Dniester" leaders, accused their security organs of preparing to
"settle accounts with their local opponents." Vladimir Socor,

reported that virtually the entire collegium of the Belarusian
Defense Ministry has been replaced with new generals. Citing the
Belarusian military newspaper, Vo slavu rodiny, ITAR-TASS said
that Leanid Maltsev has been appointed chief of staff of the
armed forces and first deputy defense minister. Viktor Sheiman,
the recently appointed secretary of the state security council,
was included in the defense ministry collegium. Defense minister,
Col. Gen. Anatoliy Kastenka, held a meeting during which a number
of decrees reorganizing the ministry were announced. Reuters
reported that the former chief of staff, Lt. Gen. Alyaksandr
Tushinsky, was dismissed as part of President Alyaksandr
Lukashenka's anti-corruption campaign. Lukashenka had charged
that there was corruption in the armed forces under former
Defense Minister Paval Kazlousky.  Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc.

Lithuanian Finance Minister Eduardas Vilkelis and European Bank
for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) director of financial
institutions, David Hexter, signed an agreement establishing the
Lithuanian Development Bank, the RFE/RL Lithuanian Service
reports. EBRD will supply 36% of the bank's initial stock capital
of 5 million ecu, which will be aimed at assisting small and
medium businesses. especially in food and timber processing
industries. The Nordic Investment Bank will provide technical
assistance and training for the new bank.  Saulius Girnius,

According to Latvian Premier Valdis Birkavs, the government will
release a program for the protection and promotion of human
rights in Latvia within 60 days, which will be implemented by a
government working group led by Justice Minister Egils Levits.
Birkavs stressed that the program must include a mechanism to
supervise the protection and implementation of human rights of
all residents of Latvia, not just national minorities, and that
this mechanism must not be a copy of what exists in other
countries but must meet, first and foremost, the needs of Latvia,
BNS reported on 12 August. Given that the Birkavs government has
resigned and a new government may take over, possibly later this
week, the results of the preparations to draft this program are
uncertain.  Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc.

Latvian Foreign Ministry officials in Riga on 13 August, China's
charge d'affaires in Latvia Wang Kaiwen told BNS that his country
would make every effort to improve relations with Latvia.
Diplomatic relations between the People's Republic of China and
Latvia were established in September 1991. In January 1992 Latvia
agreed with Taiwan on the establishment of consular relations--a
move strongly protested by the PRC. Earlier in August a Latvian
government delegation visited the PRC and signed a communique on
the improvement of bilateral relations and apparently gave
assurances that Latvia would downgrade relations with Taiwan.
Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc.

[As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Stephen Foye and Sharon Fisher
The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research
Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.)
with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs
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developments throughout the Institute's area of interest.
Longer analyses are available in a monograph series, RFE/RL
STUDIES, and brief analytic summaries appear monthly in the

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