|Old age is the most unexpected of all the things that happen to a man. - Leon Trotsky|
No. 145, 2 August 1994
RUSSIA SPEAKER OF COUNCIL OF FEDERATION ON CHECHNYA. At a press conference in Moscow on 1 August, Ramazan Abdulatipov, deputy speaker of the upper chamber of the Russian parliament, said that Chechen President Dzhokhar Dudaev had missed the opportunity to build civilized relations with Russia, ITAR-TASS reports. Last week Dudaev said that his leadership would not negotiate an agreement with Russia on the division of powers. Abdulatipov said that under the circumstances Moscow had no choice but to work with the opposition. He added that Russia should refrain from using force in the break-away republic. Last week the Chechen opposition Provisional Council called on Moscow to recognize it as "the only legal body in Chechnya." On 1 August, the Council held a meeting at which the possibility of reaching an agreement between Moscow and Chechnya was discussed, Ostankino television reports. Vera Tolz, RFE/RL, Inc. COMMITTEE DE-LINKS AID FROM BALTIC TROOP WITHDRAWAL. On 1 August a joint US House and Senate conference committee killed an amendment to the US Foreign Aid bill that tied aid for Russia to the withdrawal of all Russian troops from the Baltic States by 31 August, an RFE/RL correspondent in Washington reports. The amendment had been denounced in Moscow as an attempt by Washington to interfere in Russia's internal affairs. The US Administration had refused to be drawn into the controversy and top US officials had made clear that a failure to withdraw the troops by the 31 August deadline would harm Russia's relations with the West. The German government was also reported to have leaned heavily on Russia to complete the pull-out. The joint committee said that the conclusion by Russia and Estonia of a withdrawal agreement meant that the amendment was no longer needed. It reportedly set a figure of some $850 million for aid to Russian and other CIS states. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. GOVERNMENT TAKES CAUTIOUS STEPS AGAINST MMM . . . In an effort to sort out the legal mess brought to light by the crash of the MMM pyramid scheme, the Russian Finance Ministry on 1 August requested a meeting with MMM officials on 3 August, Interfax reports. The government appears anxious to force MMM into conformity with the law without a formal crackdown that could evoke public sympathy for the firm. On 1 August, the Finance Ministry requested that MMM formally register all its shareholders and conduct an audit of its assets, to be made public by 1 October. In an earlier attempt to explain why such information was not available, MMM officials claimed that the company's records had been stolen. The Russian anti-monopoly committee requested once again that MMM and other firms promising extravagant returns on investments bring their advertising into conformity with the presidential decree issued in June, banning the promise of future dividends at specific rates. A high-ranking privatization official told Reuters that the government had learned its lesson from MMM, and planned to intervene in the future. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. . . . WHILE MMM BUILDS GOOD GUY IMAGE. In an apparent attempt to project the image of a kinder, gentler pyramid scheme, MMM offered to buy back shares from selected "needy" investors at the pre-crash price of 115,000 rubles, provided shareholders could prove they needed the money for a funeral, wedding, or other emergency expenditure. Faced with a panic prompted by the government warnings that investments in firms such as MMM were not guaranteed, MMM had slashed redemption prices from 115,000 to 950 rubles per share on 29 July. An ad hoc committee of shareholders announced on 1 August that the handicapped, Afghan war veterans, and Chernobyl victims will also be able to redeem their shares at the old price. Thousands filled out petitions detailing their misfortunes; some 200 received compensation on 1 August. Interfax reported on 1 August that places at the head of the line outside MMM's Moscow headquarters were fetching 20 million rubles. Sales of new MMM shares, offered for just over 1,000 rubles at most MMM offices in Russia, remained brisk, despite the well-publicized losses suffered by past MMM investors. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. GOVERNOR CLAIMS KURILS; BACKS RUSSIAN UNITY. The governor of Primorsky Krai, Evgenii Nazdratenko, proposed on 2 August that the Kuril Islands be transferred to the administrative control of Primorsky Krai. The islands, the southern-most of which are claimed by Japan, are currently part of Sakhalin Oblast. The ITAR-TASS report of Nazdratenko's remarks, which came as the region prepares for elections, did not reveal if he had provided a rationale for the transfer, although Nazdratenko did refer to existing and potential economic ties between the islands and the krai. Nazdratenko also spoke emphatically against Russian territorial concessions to neighboring states (presumably a reference to Japanese demands on the Kurils) and against the division of Russia into "apanage principalities." He was quoted as saying that he saw the krai's future only in a united Russia under a single president. On 29 July Nazdratenko had threatened to begin selling military hardware on the international market as a means of reversing the region's economic decline and protesting what he described as Moscow's indifference to problems faced by the regions. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. KHASBULATOV: "NO MORE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN RUSSIA." Ruslan Khasbulatov, the speaker of the Russian parliament, disbanded by President Boris Yeltsin in October 1993, told Nezavisimaya gazeta on 30 July that there will be no more presidential elections in Russia. According to Khasbulatov, Yeltsin will not call new elections, when his term in office expires in June 1996, because he is unlikely to win them. Moreover, Khasbulatov alleged that Yeltsin could not afford to lose the elections because he had violated the Russian Constitution and laws while in office. Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL, Inc. FORMER PROSECUTOR-GENERAL SETS UP OPPOSITION PARTY. On 30 July Former Russian Prosecutor-General Aleksei Kazannik held a news-conference in his native city of Omsk to announce the formation of the new opposition Party of People's Conscience (PPC), ITAR-TASS reports. Kazannik gained fame in 1989 when he resigned his seat in the Soviet parliament in favor of Yeltsin. Kazannik said that he had sided with Yeltsin and his team until he was appointed Russian Prosecutor-General last fall and saw these leaders more closely. In his opinion, they acted only for selfish interests and "do not care for the interests of the country or the ideals of legality and justice." In another dispatch that day, ITAR-TASS reported that Aleksei Demidovsky, a former co-chairman of a public committee to support Yeltsin, had formed a St. Petersburg branch of the PPC with the aim to campaign for Kazannik's election as Russia's president in 1996. Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL, Inc. CONTROVERSY OVER HISTORY OF SOVIET ATOMIC BOMB CONTINUES. Literaturnaya gazeta of 27 July published the proceedings of the special meeting of the Russian Academy of Sciences devoted to discussing the book by Soviet ace-spy Pavel Sudoplatov. In their speeches academicians Evgenii Velikhov, Yurii Osipyan, Zhores Alferov, and Yurii Osipov said the Sudoplatov's allegation about cooperation of Western scientists with the Soviet intelligence and "moral corruption" of the Soviet scientists was a calculated "provocation." The spokesman for the Russian Foreign Intelligence (SVR), Yurii Kobaladze noted that Sudoplatov's book is a mixture of reliable data, half truths, and impure denunciation. For example, Sudoplatov's assertions about contacts of the Soviet agents with American physicists Robert Oppenheimer, Leo Szilard, and Enriko Fermi were untrue. In general, the Soviet intelligence played an important but auxiliary role in creating nuclear weapons, Kobaladze added. In an editorial comment, Literaturnaya gazeta noted that the academicians' statements appear unconvincing since the first Soviet bomb was an exact copy of the American original. Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. SITUATION BEGINS TO STABILIZE IN RUSSIA. On 29 July Izvestiya and Argumenty i fakty published articles on the decline of social tension and aggressiveness within Russian society, ITAR-TASS reports. Only 25 percent of respondents in a poll conducted by the All-Russian Center For Study Of Public Opinion (VTsIOM) in June believed that there would be social unrest connected with the deteriorating economic situation. In June 1993 the number of such respondents was 33 percent. The number of respondents expressing their intention to take part personally in massive protests declined from 26 percent in 1993 to 22 percent this year. VTsIOM experts noted that the predictions by the anti-Yeltsin opposition of a "social explosion" connected with the second phase of privatization seem unlikely. Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. CIS RUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN BORDER GUARD AGREEMENT. Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Border Troops Andrei Nikolaev said that Russia and Ukraine have reached an understanding on the new status of their joint border protection, Ostankino TV reported on 1 August. According to Nikolaev, the Russian-Ukrainian border will be divided into sections which will be guarded by either Russian or Ukrainian Border Troops, but not both. Nikolaev said that this agreement had "no precedent in world practice" and that it can help reduce the expenses for the Border Troops. Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. LUCHINSKI URGES RUSSIAN TROOP WITHDRAWAL FROM MOLDOVA. On 30 July in remarks to journalists, cited by ITAR-TASS and Interfax, Moldovan Parliament Chairman Petru Luchinski mentioned the provisions in Moldova's new Constitution proclaiming the country's permanent neutrality and banning the stationing of foreign troops on its soil. Luchinski said that the presence of Russia's 14th Army in Moldova contradicts the Constitution. He called for decisive progress at the upcoming eleventh round of bilateral troop talks. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIAN PEACEMAKERS PERMIT NEW "DNIESTER" GAIN. In the absence of public reaction from Moldova's political authorities, the Forestry Department complained in a communique on 29 July cited by Basapress that "Dniester" forces from the left bank had recently taken over a forest within the demilitarized zone on the right bank. The Joint Control Commission, in which the Russian and "Dniester" members typically block actions requested by Moldova, again failed to respond to the latest in a series of "Dniester" encroachments in the demilitarized zone, condoned by Russian peacemakers. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE CONTACT GROUP SAYS NO MORE TALKS WITH SERBS. International media reported on 1 August that Russia, the US, and France all rejected further negotiations with the Bosnian Serbs over the take-it-or-leave-it peace plan that the Serbs have effectively turned down. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev said that Moscow has "no intention of starting new talks" and that the Serbs cannot expect any help from Russia if they bring international air strikes upon themselves. The Bosnian Serbs, however, remain adamant; and the 2 August Borba quotes parliament speaker Momcilo Krajisnik as saying that "there is no Serb state" in the present plan and that the West will not be allowed to "divide and disunite" the Serbs. Most Western accounts, however, see the Serbs as having gained something of the upper hand by the Contact Group's failure to make good on its threats, and the Chicago Tribune runs a headline: "world powers again let Bosnian Serbs off the hook." Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. "SERBS DEFY WESTERN PEACEMAKERS." This is how today's Washington Post describes the current state of affairs. The paper quotes one UN official as saying that "as long as [the Serbs] don't start killing women and children again, this thing will muddle along for quite some time. That's the level the international community seems willing to accept." The daily argues that "in the end, the United Nations and the West always appear ready to negotiate away the terms of every ultimatum and bend to the will of the Serbs." The paper points out that the Serbs have recently escalated the level of fighting around Sarajevo to intimidate Western governments into thinking that any intervention would be too costly. The latest exercise involves renewed sniping, in which two have died and 10 were wounded in the capital. Several were hit while riding newly restored street cars. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. HAVEL CALLS TALKS "A MASQUERADE." One international leader who finds the current approach to the Serbs abhorrent is Czech President Vaclav Havel. He told Le Figaro on 28 July that "one cannot build peace in Bosnia through a compromise with warlords." Havel stresses the fact that Bosnia and Herzegovina is an internationally recognized member of the United Nations, and that hence any deal to redraw its borders over the head of the legal government smacks to a Czech in particular of the "spirit of Munich." For the philosopher president, a question of values is also involved in the international reaction to the Yugoslav conflict: some leaders are willing to accept the idea of "ethnically pure" states, which lies in blatant contradiction to the principle of civil society and the values on which European civilization is based. He finds it particularly lamentable that many international leaders seem unaware of this contradiction. In the long run, he fears that the conflict, if left unchecked, could lead to the return of spheres of influence in the Balkans, namely into Russian, German, and Islamic zones. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. SERBS STEP UP ETHNIC CLEANSING. Meanwhile, international and even Serbian media report that armed Serbs are busy clearing Muslims and Croats out of the territories conquered by Serbian and rump Yugoslav forces since 1992. Reuters on 1 August quoted UN spokesman Peter Kessler as saying that the latest moves are "particularly distressing" because until recently the Serbs had seemed "prepared to accept" some Muslims and Croats remaining. He referred in particular to the Bijeljina area in the northeast, where fatherless Muslim families were forced to walk across front lines after being tricked out of their money, possessions, and homes. The men were taken to do forced labor, often in "trench digging . . . and at times used as human shields." The New York Times adds that underworld figures have been involved in the ethnic cleansing, and Berlin's Tageszeitung on 21 July ran a story written by a Serb under a pseudonym describing in grisly detail how the Muslims have been driven from Zvornik by the "Yellow Ants" and other Serb gangs. Reuters on 31 July noted the expulsions of Muslims from Sanski Most in the west, while today's Borba reports on ethnic cleansing in Janja in the east. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. GERMAN PRESIDENT ASKS "FORGIVENESS" IN WARSAW. German President Roman Herzog exceeded most Polish expectations when, in remarks to an audience of veterans gathered at the Warsaw Uprising monument late on 1 August, he said, "I ask for forgiveness for what has been done to you by Germans." Bowing his head before all Polish war victims, Herzog added that "it fills us Germans with shame that the name of our country and people will be eternally linked with the pain and suffering inflicted millionfold on Poland." Herzog expressed sorrow that Poland, having suffered more than any other country during the war, had afterward to endure four further decades of subjugation. The German president also expressed gratitude for President Lech Walesa's invitation to attend the 50th anniversary commemorations. Underlining the spirit of reconciliation that infused the ceremonies, Herzog said he understood and respected the feelings of Poles who objected to his presence. He pledged Germany's support for Polish membership in the European Union. Herzog's speech was well received in Poland; even veterans who had objected to his participation seemed to find satisfaction in the German gesture of atonement. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIA SIDESTEPS THE ISSUE OF GUILT. No similar request for forgiveness was heard from the Russian representative at the anniversary ceremonies. In his speech at the Warsaw Uprising monument on 1 August, Sergei Filatov, President Boris Yeltsin's chief of staff, instead stressed the two countries' common suffering at the hands of Nazi Germany. He presented both Russia and Poland as victims of Stalinist totalitarianism; there was no mention of what the Polish TV commentary called the Soviet "sin of omission"--the Red Army's failure to come to the aid of the Warsaw Uprising in 1944--nor of subsequent Soviet persecution of the Polish wartime underground. President Lech Walesa expressed regret at Yeltsin's absence, but in earlier remarks said he thought the Russian president could not afford to make an apology because of domestic political pressure. There was some hostile comment in the Russian press, which seemed reluctant to abandon the myth that the Red Army's advance into Poland signified "liberation." A Pravda editorial on 31 July charged that the anniversary was being used to voice "offensive" anti-Russian sentiment. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. WALESA FOSTERS RECONCILIATION. In his remarks at the uprising monument on 1 August, President Lech Walesa urged reconciliation with both Germany and Russia despite his reminder that "we do not forgive the murderers of Warsaw." He said that Poles should not apply these feelings to the German people as a whole. "We want to live with you in friendship," Walesa told Herzog. The Polish president also thanked the leaders of the Allied coalition for their support, but noted that no one had stood up for the Polish capital after its defeat. Walesa also recalled the Soviet role in the defeat of the uprising, but at the same time pointed to thousands of graves of Soviet soldiers on Polish territory as a potential "seed of friendship" between Poland and Russia. US Vice President Al Gore, British Prime Minister John Major, and the French Senate chairman also spoke, as did representatives of other nations whose pilots flew aid missions to Warsaw in 1944. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. CZECH SKINHEADS, ANARCHISTS CLASH: ONE DEAD. CTK reported on 1 August that a young man had been killed in a fight between skinheads and anarchists in Tanvald, northern Bohemia, on 31 July. According to police, the fight took place outside a restaurant; two 17-year-old men were injured and one died on the way to hospital. Also on 31 July, President Havel condemned the actions of Czech right-wingers who prevented Germans and Czechs from holding a ceremony at the former Nazi concentration camp in Terezin (see RFE/RL Daily Report, 1 August). Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. THE CZECH CENTRAL BANK'S RATINGS UPGRADED. The US investment company Standard and Poor's (S&P) upgraded the ratings of the Czech National Bank from the BBB grade to the BBB+ grade, CTK reported. According to the bank's spokesman, the upgrading is a result of the Czech Republic's smooth transition from the planned economy to a market one. On 18 July, the S&P had upgraded the ratings of the Czech Republic from BBB to BBB+. The Czech Republic is currently the only post-communist country whose grade is at "the investment level." Hungary and Slovakia have received the BB grade, which indicates "the speculative character" of investments. Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. TALKS ON HUNGARIAN MEDIA LAW LAUNCHED. Talks between Hungary's six parliamentary parties and representatives of Hungarian Radio and Television began on 1 August, MTI announced. Culture Minister Gabor Fodor said he hoped an independent codification committee would complete by the end of August the new concept for free radio and TV broadcasting following the rejection by the government coalition parties of the earlier draft media law of the previous Jozsef Antall-led government. On the same day, Jozsef Torgyan, chairman of the opposition Independent Smallholders' Party, said the ISP would not participate in any six-part talks because the Horn government was placing parliament before a fait accompli by reaching decisions on such vital issues as the 1996 World Fair, the appointment of new radio and television chairmen, the Gabcikovo dam, and the supplementary budget. Alfred Reisch, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNGARIAN DEBATE ON GABCIKOVO CONTINUES. Following a second meeting on 1 August with representatives of Hungary's ecological movements, Environmental Protection Minister Ferenc Baja, a Socialist, said he will not support the filling of the Dunakiliti reservoir located upstream of the Gabcikovo dam, MTI and Nepszabadsag reported. Baja warned that other members of the government held a different view on the move, which is opposed by the ecological movements as not suited to solve the acute water shortage of Hungary's Szigetkoz region. The Gyula Horn-led government is considering a partial filling of the reservoir to avoid a natural catastrophe and induce Slovakia to return more water to the original bed of the Danube. Alfred Reisch, RFE/RL, Inc. MINERS STRIKE SPREADS IN ROMANIA. A government delegation is meeting representatives of the striking miners in Targu Jiu on 2 August, at their request, Radio Bucharest announced on 1 August. Union officials said the strike had spread to 98% of the country's brown coal miners, involving some 65,000 workers. Demonstrations continue in front of the mining company headquarters in Targu Jiu and the number of hunger strikers was said by Radio Bucharest to have now reached 35. One of them had to be taken to hospital. Seven union leaders of the copper miners of Deva, who joined the protest on 1 August without, however, interrupting work, also went on a hunger strike. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. ILIESCU LEAVES HOSPITAL AFTER SURGERY. Health officials said on 1 August that President Ion Iliescu left the hospital where he had undergone gallstone surgery. A statement of the Ministry of Health said the president's condition was "normal." Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. BULGARIA'S MASS PRIVATIZATION SCHEME: 340 COMPANIES EARMARKED. The Bulgarian government endorsed on 1 August a list of 340 enterprises worth 100 billion leva ($19 billion) to be included in the recently adopted mass privatization scheme. Speaking at a press conference, Prime Minister Lyuben Berov explained that the companies had been selected on the basis of their performance during 1993. He acknowledged that only a third of the 340 enterprises had registered a profit in the previous year, but said none had lost more than 18% of its capital resources in that period. The Director of the Center for Mass Privatization, Dimitar Stefanov, added that 280 of the companies are from the industrial sector, 23 are involved in transport, 15 in the tourism business, 13 in agriculture, and 9 in trade. Berov said the public will be able to purchase privatization vouchers between 1 September and 14 October. Although the vouchers are inexpensive compared to their nominal value, critics have warned that the risk of losing the money--especially since many companies are presently operating at a loss--may prevent many Bulgarians from joining the scheme. BTA carried the reports. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc. BULGARIAN OPPOSITION DAILY GETS NEW EDITOR-IN-CHIEF. On 1 July the journalists collective running the newspaper of the Union of Democratic Forces, Demokratsiya, voted to appoint Ivo Indzhev as new editor-in-chief. Indzhev has previously served as editor-in-chief of Ekspres, which had to close for financial reasons, and before that as Director of BTA. As BTA Director he presided over the transition to a more modern, democratic style of journalism, but was replaced for having allowed the agency to disseminate information critical of the government. Indzhev succeeds his former colleague from BTA, Panayot Denev, who on 1 July resigned along with his three deputies. According to Demokratsiya of 2 July, they all cited disagreements with recent UDF policies. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIA ATTACKS MOLDOVA'S CONSTITUTION. In a statement issued on 1 August, Romania's government denounced Moldova's new constitution for terming the country's language "Moldovan" rather than Romanian, "against historic and scientific truth . . . aiming in fact to deny Moldova's character as a Romanian state" and continuing earlier [Soviet] attempts to "invent a new [Moldovan] nation." Targeting the constitution's provisions on territorial autonomies as "encouraging separatism" and even "possible federalization," Romania's government asked Moldova to guarantee "the rights of the majority population, the Moldovan Romanians." Romania's government endorsed "spontaneous challenges [never reported] from the population" against the new constitution and the signature campaign for constitutional revision launched by the pro-Romanian opposition parties as "proving the flaws of this document." Romania's government "will continue working with . . . those political forces in Moldova who call for special relations with Romania and for national emancipation." Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. LITHUANIAN OIL TERMINAL. Lithuanian Energy Minister Algimantas Stasiukynas told Reuters on 1 August that the Lithuanian government had given preliminary approval to an offer by Russia's Lukoil and Italy's Agip Spa to form a joint venture to finance the construction of a floating oil terminal at Butinge. Lithuania would have a 51% share, Agip Spa--29%, and Lukoil--20%. The US firm Fluor Daniel Williams won the competition to design the construction, expected to cost about $150 million, that should start before the end of the year and take 18 months to complete. Agip Spa and Lukoil will be obliged to supply a certain amount of crude oil to the Mazeikiai refinery which will be linked to the terminal by pipeline. The terminal with a capacity to handle 8 million tons of crude oil and 2.5 million tons of light oil products per year will free Lithuania from its total dependency on Russia for oil. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. UNEMPLOYMENT IN LATVIA. The Latvian Statistics Bureau reported that on 1 July 98,426 residents of Latvia (6.4% of the economically active inhabitants) were looking for work, BNS reported on 1 August. The highest unemployment rate (21.5%) was in the Kreslava district where 4,386 people were seeking work. High unemployment rates were also registered in the Rezekne (18.7%), Balvi (18%), and Preili (18%) districts. The districts of Ventspils, Jelgava, and Ogre had unemployment rates of 3.3%. In the largest city, Riga, the unemployment rate improved from 2.8% on 1 June to 2.6% on 1 July. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. TWELVE MORE DEPUTIES ELECTED TO UKRAINIAN PARLIAMENT. Ukraine's Central Electoral Commission announced on 1 August that twelve more deputies have been elected to the Ukrainian parliament, ITAR-TASS reported. Eleven of the 12 deputies are not affiliated with any party and the remaining one is a communist. The main two rounds of the parliamentary elections, held in March and April, left more that 100 of the 450 parliamentary seats empty. This happened because of low voter turnout and because there were constituencies in which no candidate received the majority required to win. Some 90 parliament seats still remain vacant. Another round of voting is scheduled for 7 August. RFE/RL News and Current Affairs and Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. GERMAN PESTICIDES WILL RETURN FROM ALBANIA. About 450 tons of toxic waste will return to Germany between September and November, Western agencies reported on 29 July. According to German Minister for Environment Klaus Toepfer, an agreement was reached according to which Albania provides personnel and transport, while Germany sends specialists to advise the workers. The old pesticides were brought to Albania marked as humanitarian aid in 1991 and since then have been placed in six storage areas and one train. Greenpeace has frequently warned that the toxic waste could cause an environmental disaster to Lake Shkoder, the biggest lake in the Balkans. Nonetheless, Toepfer said that no emergency measures are necessary and denied reports from early July about a rise in medical problems, allegedly caused by the waste stored in Milot. According to Toepfer, German experts did not find evidence showing any relationship between storage areas and medical problems. Greenpeace visited three sites in July, discovered several leaking barrels and stated that in a storage area in Durres "the pesticide gravy is several centimeters high." Fabian Schmidt, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Saulius Girnius and Dan Ionescu The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU. 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