|It matters if you don't just give up. - Stephen Hawking|
No. 141, 27 July 1994
RUSSIA ESTONIA-RUSSIA AGREEMENT: RUSSIAN PERSPECTIVE. A number of Western press reports noted that the signing of the Estonian-Russian troop withdrawal agreement had to some degree been unexpected because the lead-up to the negotiations had been so acrimonious. According to The New York Times, Clinton administration officials expressed surprise and delight at the agreement; they said that Russian negotiators had been intransigent and dismissive until the 26 July meeting between the Estonian and Russian leaders and that they feared the talks might turn into "a train wreck." The newspaper also noted that Moscow had been pressured to meet its commitment on the troop withdrawal both by a recent Senate decision to link US aid to the pull-out and by warnings from the White House that a delay could mar the next Russian-US summit meeting, scheduled for September. US Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott had reportedly made that point clear during talks with Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev at the recent ASEAN meeting in Bangkok. In remarks reported by Interfax on 26 July, Kozyrev nevertheless had warned that the US should not encourage the Estonians to believe that Russia would turn a blind eye to the violation of the rights of military pensioners in Estonia. On the same day Duma Speaker Ivan Rybkin said that the Duma had supported President Boris Yeltsin's measure to suspend the troop withdrawal from Estonia, and criticized the Estonian authorities for alleged human rights violations. ITAR-TASS reports of the agreement, quoting Yeltsin, generally emphasized that Moscow had won equal treatment for Russian military pensioners remaining in Estonia and suggested that the withdrawal agreement had been contingent upon that success. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc. KOZYREV ON RESULTS OF ASEAN CONFERENCE. Talking with reporters on 26 July, Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev described as a "pleasant surprise" the fact that, in his words, the recent ASEAN conference had adopted many of the proposals for confidence-building measures that Russia had proposed at the previous year's meeting. According to Interfax, Kozyrev also said that Malaysia's decision to buy Russian fighter aircraft had not antagonized other ASEAN states, but that "Western arms dealers are not too happy" about the deal. Kozyrev suggested that Russia was discussing further arms sales with other ASEAN nations, but provided no details. He qualified Moscow's arms peddling efforts in the region, however, saying that "fighting for [arms] markets is not the same thing as stirring up the arms race. Russia is not going to make profits on war." Kozyrev was also quoted as saying that Moscow's relations with Tokyo had normalized, but that Japan's currently unsettled domestic political situation was making further progress difficult. A senior Russian diplomat reportedly told Interfax that Kozyrev would not visit Japan until the political situation had stabilized in Japan. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc. RYBKIN SUPPORTS POSTPONEMENT OF ELECTIONS. The speaker of the State Duma, Ivan Rybkin, told reporters on 26 July that he, too, would favor a delay in Russia's parliamentary and presidential elections, Reuters reported. The idea was first promoted by Vladimir Shumeiko, the speaker of the parliament's upper chamber, the Council of the Federation. The next parliamentary elections are scheduled for the fall of 1995 and presidential elections for 1996. Shumeiko and Rybkin propose a two-year delay for both. Rybkin said that Russians were tired of voting and would welcome a period of stability. He said the postponement could be arranged if regional, republican and federal legislatures as well as the president agree. When last month Shumeiko first started to advocate the postponement, the majority of state and government officials in Moscow rejected the idea. President Boris Yeltsin has not yet made any formal statement on the issue, however. Vera Tolz, RFE/RL Inc. RUSSIAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION ISSUES REPORT ON VIOLATIONS. Nezavisimaya gazeta on 22-26 July published excerpts from the report on the human rights situation in the Russian Federation, issued by the Human Rights Commission chaired by former political prisoner Sergei Kovalev and attached to the office of the Russian President. The report stated that the number of human rights violations in Russia had not decreased in the last two years. Among other criticisms, the report targets the retention in Russia's big cities of the propiska system (residence permit), despite the enactment last year of a law stipulating its abolition. The report also gives an extensive description of human rights violations in Moscow during the state of emergency in the fall of 1993. It notes that many state and government officials at the federal, regional, and local levels ingore the existing legislation concerning human rights. Izvestiya of 22 July said that it was not clear whether the report was forwarded to Yeltsin, as members of the presidential administration were trying to shelve it. Meanwhile on 21 July the State Duma approved in the first reading a law creating the position of Commissioner for Human Rights, who will be answerable to the legislature, not to the president as is now the case. Vera Tolz, RFE/RL Inc. MIXED SIGNALS ON BANKRUPTCY. Russian officials continue to give mixed signals on new bankruptcy provisions designed to shut down economically unsound firms and redistribute their assets. Petr Karpov, the deputy director of the federal insolvency office, told Rossiiskie vesti on 21 July that half of all state firms in Russia are currently unable to meet their financial obligations and thus qualify for liquidation under the terms of the bankruptcy law. But only 60 firms have been included on the list of insolvent firms drafted by his office; and the government has so far initiated proceedings against only three of them. This restraint stems largely from concern for the fate of employees, but mutual indebtedness also makes enterprise solvency difficult to assess. In his address to the cabinet session on 15 July, Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin pledged that the government would take action against as many as 2,000 firms in 1994. But the political will may still be lacking, especially where industrial standard-bearers are concerned. President Boris Yeltsin himself may have fueled some illusions when, after meeting with the director of the ZIL auto plant on 21 July, he vowed to keep the plant afloat. "We shall never let such a factory as ZIL become bankrupt," Yeltsin pledged, according to an Interfax report on 21 July. Brushing aside proposals reportedly made by the insolvency bureau to initiate proceedings against ZIL, Yeltsin instead instructed Chernomyrdin to draft a bailout plan. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL Inc. INVESTORS PANIC IN MOSCOW. A crowd of up to 3,000 nervous investors lined up outside the Moscow headquarters of the MMM investment company on 26 July, in an attempt to sell their shares before the feared collapse of the firm, Interfax reported. MMM shut down operations at all but its central office on 26 July, citing a cash shortage and the crush of shareholders. The panic began after the finance ministry issued a public reminder on 22 July that the government does not guarantee investments in companies such as MMM and warned of the danger of fraudulent promises. MMM is the best known of many companies offering sky-high returns; many observers fear these are merely pyramid schemes destined for collapse. The anti-monopoly committee had urged federal broadcasting chiefs on 18 July to stop airing MMM advertisements, on the ground that the investment company's promises were misleading.Taxation authorities announced on 22 July that an MMM affiliate was under investigation for tax fraud. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA MORE ON TAJIK FIGHTING. In response to the capture of 56 Tajik government soldiers in the Tavil-Dara region of Tajikistan, east of Dushanbe, CIS and Tajik government forces launched operations against the Tajik rebels who are holding the captives. According to Russian and Western sources, SU-25 planes bombed the area on 25 July and destroyed the vehicles which the rebels had captured; it is unclear if the planes are under Uzbek or Russian command. The commander of the CIS collective peacekeeping force, Russian general Valerii Patrikeyev, told Interfax that his forces were conducting the search, and that his assistant is holding talks with local rebel leaders. Meanwhile, the whereabouts of the 56 captives remains a mystery; the government of the autonomous region of Gorno Badakhshon (an opposition stronghold, much of which is out of Tajik government control) denied that the prisoners were on its territory, while Patrikeyev stated that they might have been taken into Afghanistan. Any involvement by CIS peacekeeping forces against rebels within Tajikistan would violate repeated assurances by CIS commanders and Russian government officials that the forces are only there to protect the Tajik-Afghan border, not to interfere in Tajikistan's internal affairs. Keith Martin, RFE/RL Inc. KAZAKHSTAN SIGNS NUCLEAR AGREEMENT. On 26 July, Kazakhstan's prime minister Sergei Tereshchenko signed an agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), under which IAEA inspectors would be allowed to check that state's adherence to the nuclear non-proliferation treaty which it signed in December 1993, various agencies report. IAEA Director Hans Blix told a news conference that the agreement would help prevent smuggling of plutonium and other substances from Kazakhstan's 104 SS-18 ICBMs; the ICBMs are to be dismantled and destroyed. Blix was quoted by Reuters as saying that Kazakhstan needed "to strengthen [its] verification system further." He also said that an IAEA team traveling with him had found no unusual levels of radiation in the area around the former Soviet nuclear test site at Semipalatinsk, though it might also be possible that there had been high levels before, and that underground radiation might be higher as well. The Kazakh government and anti-nuclear groups have long charged that the Soviet-era tests are responsible for birth defects and high cancer rates in the area. Keith Martin, RFE/RL Inc. CALL FOR DISSOLUTION OF KYRGYZSTAN'S PARLIAMENT. Five deputies to Kyrgyzstan's parliament, supported by 100 local officials, have called for the legislature to dissolve itself and have appealed for a referendum on the creation of a professional parliament, Interfax reported on 26 July. The deputies asserted that parliament chief Medetkan Sherimkulov and the parliamentary newspaper Svobodnye gory are involved in intrigues to overthrow President Askar Akaev, who has called for the closure of the newspaper. There have been a number of instances in which the present parliament, elected in 1990 and retaining a considerable Communist membership, has thwarted Akaev's reform program, including forcing the resignation of his hand-picked prime minister. A law on elections to a professional parliament will go into effect on 1 October. Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc. CIS RUSSIA PROPOSES CUTS IN DNIESTER PEACEMAKING FORCE. A spokesman for Russia's Foreign Ministry told journalists at an official briefing that Russia proposes reducing the size of the peacemaking force in Moldova, Interfax reported on 26 July. The spokesman said that a reduction would be warranted by "the improvement in the political climate and the relative stabilization of the military situation." Deployed in July 1992, the formally tripartite (Russian-Moldovan-"Dniester") force has in fact been dominated by its 1,800-strong Russian contingent which has condoned "Dniester" gains in the demilitarized zone, particularly in the right-bank city of Bendery. Considering its military inferiority in relation to Transdniester, Chisinau may be less than enthusiastic about the proposal to reduce the interposition force. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE RUSSIA AGREES TO PULL OUT TROOPS FROM ESTONIA. After almost five hours of "difficult" talks in the Kremlin on 26 July, Estonian President Lennart Meri and his Russian counterpart Boris Yeltsin signed two agreements, Western agencies report. Russia agreed to withdraw its remaining 2,000 troops from Estonia by 31 August while Estonia agreed that the 10,000 military pensioners would have the same rights as Estonian citizens. Previous Estonian laws allowed Russian servicemen to obtain residency only if they were born before 1930, retired from the army before 20 August 1991, or had a spouse or children with a residency permit. Foreign Minister Juri Luik, however, noted that the Estonian government would deny residence permits to people whom it considered a danger to Estonia's security, but that the commission examining the applications would include a representative of the CSCE "to guarantee fair play." The agreements should defuse a potential conflict with the US created by a Senate resolution linking $839 million aid to Russia with the troop withdrawal by 31 August. The presidents discussed the dismantling of the two nuclear reactors at the Paldiski submarine base, but left the matter open for further discussions by the respective foreign ministries. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL Inc. SERBS CUT LAND ROUTE TO SARAJEVO. International media reported on 26 July that Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic sent a letter to the UN announcing that his forces would allow only UN vehicles to use the "blue route" to the Bosnian capital as of 27 July. He accused the Muslims of bringing in arms and ammunition via that road, but Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic slammed the Serb move, denying the arms charge and accusing the Serbs of trying to starve Sarajevo and kill the peace process. A UN spokesperson said that "we will try to convince the Serbs that this is not the best course of action." Elsewhere, Reuters reports that Bosnian Serb forces in Gorazde have taken the head of UN aid operations hostage to exchange him for Serbs in the Muslim enclave. Finally, UN human rights envoy Tadeusz Mazowiecki accused the Serb-backed rebel Muslim forces under Bihac kingpin Fikret Abdic of brutalizing prisoners. Mazowiecki's charges included sending men and women to do forced labor on the front lines. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. MYSTERY SHROUDS GRACHEV'S VISIT TO SERBIA. International and Serbian media seem at a loss for words to report on the 26 July visit to the Serbian capital by the Russian defense minister and special envoy Vitalii Churkin. Pavel Grachev did say in public, however, that there is no need to pull UNPROFOR out of Bosnia and that NATO is unsuited to a mission there, Borba notes. The two Russians met with Karadzic and with Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, as well as with top military officials, including Bosnian Serb commander Gen. Ratko Mladic. Borba reports that the Russians may be trying to make a deal whereby the Serbs accept the Contact Group's peace plan in return for being allowed to join Serbia-Montenegro. Reuters quotes the speaker of the Bosnian Serb parliament, Momcilo Krajisnik, as not ruling out a new session of that body to reconsider the plan. The New York Times, however, has apparently run out of patience with Karadzic and his crew, and calls today in its editorial for lifting the arms embargo against the Muslims: "it is the only sanction the Bosnian Serbs are likely to take seriously." Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. TUDJMAN AGAIN WILL NOT RULE OUT MILITARY OPTION. Vjesnik reports on 27 July that Croatian President Franjo Tudjman spoke at a military exercise and would not exclude "other steps" if a peaceful approach fails to free the 30% of Croatian territory under Serb occupation. This is Tudjman's long-standing position, but most observers feel that the Serbs could beat the Croats in the field since they could call upon reserves of manpower from Serbia and elsewhere. Tudjman also reminded his audience that Croatia has "friends and allies around the world," which might be a gentle reminder to militant types that Croatia's friends expect it to follow a peaceful path. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. NEW TRIALS IN SANDZAK. Some 21 members of the mainly Muslim Party of Democratic Action (SDA) in Sandzak were charged with secessionism, AFP reported on 24 July. The charge was drawn up against them by the public prosecutor of Bijelo Polje in the Montenegrin part of Sandzak. The trial will begin at the end of August or in early September. The defendants allegedly tried to "create a state of Sandzak through force of arms" and gave military training in Turkey to more than 700 Muslim youths from both the Serbian and Montenegrin part of Sandzak. Allegedly rifles, ammunition and explosives were found. The accused have been in jail since January and face trial along with 25 other Muslims, arrested in Serbian Sandzak. The Belgrade-based Humanitarian Law Fund reported in March that in several cases Muslim citizens have been threatened with torture and forced to buy weapons in order to surrender them to the police. Fabian Schmidt, RFE/RL Inc. LUCCHINI STEEL STRIKE ENDS. Workers at the Lucchini steel mill returned to work on 27 July, after 48 days on strike, PAP reports. The Italian owners--the Lucchini concern--agreed to open talks on wage increases on the same day. The strikers had initially demanded 30% pay increases and the immediate modernization of the plant, but Lucchini refused to negotiate until the strikers returned to work. The owners also argued that investment could not begin until outstanding title issues were resolved, but pledged to initiate a planned overhaul in September. In a major departure, the strike was jointly organized by Solidarity and the former official OPZZ federation. The government assiduously avoided any participation; mediation was provided by opposition deputy Jacek Kuron and Archbishop Tadeusz Goclowski. Strike committee representatives are scheduled to meet with President Lech Walesa, along with officials from the ministries of privatization, industry, and finance, on 29 July, apparently to present their grievances concerning the privatization of the mill. Employees have not yet received the 10% free shares they were promised. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL Inc. POLISH BUDGET BANKS ON PRIVATIZATION INCOME. The cabinet on 26 July accepted guidelines for the 1995 budget proposed by Finance Minister Grzegorz Kolodko, PAP reports. The budget plan assumes that revenues will increase by 7% and the deficit will drop, while spending will decline 2% in real terms as the government is forced to devote a full three-quarters of the budget to "fixed outlays," in particular to the financing of domestic and foreign debt. At the same time, however, the government plans a number of changes that will significantly reduce income. Tax brackets are to drop back to 20%, 30%, and 40% from higher levels in 1994; this will reduce revenues by 8 trillion zloty. The government also plans to forego an increase in the VAT for energy, from 7% to 22%, that was to have taken effect at the start of 1995. Kolodko's draft budget assumes that revenues from privatization will make up the difference. Rzeczpospolita reports that privatization is expected to generate 29 trillion zloty in 1995, a three-fold increase over 1994. Editorial comment criticized this plan as unrealistic unless the government adopts an unambiguously "pro-privatization" stance. Given the Polish Peasant Party's hostility to the process, such a shift appears unlikely. The cabinet has until 20 October to submit the draft budget to the Sejm. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL Inc. MAJOR POLISH FIRM GOES BUST. The Kasprzak radio electronics plant, a former giant that once employed 7,000 workers, was declared bankrupt by a Warsaw court on 25 July, Rzeczpospolita reported the following day. The case offers an example of the ability of failing enterprises to survive despite an overwhelming debt burden and no recovery prospects. Kasprzak has been a loss-maker since 1990; its total indebtedness amounts to over 700 billion zloty ($31 million), Polish TV reported. By law, the plant's director was required to initiate bankruptcy proceedings in 1992, but he opted instead to keep the firm running by selling off assets, renting out state premises, and cutting employment, which now stands at only 900. Even during the hearing, the director argued that the plant could readily be restored to profitability, provided Kasprzak received defense orders for new military production. The court urged the prosecutor to initiate proceedings against Kasprzak's director for mismanagement. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL Inc. PRE-ELECTION DEVELOPMENTS IN SLOVAKIA. After failing to form a coalition with the Democratic Union, the Democratic Party and the Party of Entrepreneurs announced on 26 July that they will enter the elections together as a single entity, with PE candidates included on the DP candidate list at a 1:1 ratio, TASR reported. Had the two parties formed a coalition, they would have had to win at least 7% of the vote to enter the parliament. The two parties do not have much time to prepare their candidate list, as it must be completed by 1 August. Like several other Slovak parties, the DP-PE has said they will screen their candidates according to the lustration law, prohibiting those with previous secret police contacts from entering the parliament. Concerning the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, on 26 July the party sent an announcement to TASR saying that recent reports in several Slovak dailies that the MDS promised the Romany parties one million koruny if they unify are untrue. MDS spokesman Dusan Kleiman did admit, however, that the MDS supported the unification of Romany organizations and had given a loan of 50,000 and use of a car until 31 December 1994. In another development, Paolo Molinaro, an Italian parliamentary deputy from Forza Italia, recently lectured MDS members on election campaign tactics, TASR reported on 24 July. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL Inc. CONTROVERSY AROUND HUNGARIAN-SLOVAK TREATY, GABCIKOVO DAM. The leaders of two Magyar ethnic parties in Slovakia, Coexistence and the Hungarian Christian Democratic Movement, said that they were not consulted on the Slovak draft of the state treaty with Hungary forwarded on 22 July by Bratislava to Budapest. The ethnic leaders fear that Hungarian Premier Gyula Horn may hastily sign a treaty with Slovakia during his 5 August visit to Bratislava. Horn's declared intention to possibly revise Hungary's position on the Gabcikovo dam, another contentious issue with Slovakia, has aroused protests from Hungary's opposition parties and ecological movements, such as the Danube Circle, which are calling for the maintenance of the status quo and oppose any withdrawal of Hungary's suit filed with the International Court of Justice at the Hague, MTI and Magyar Hirlap reported on 26 July. Alfred Reisch, RFE/RL Inc. HORN MEETS WITH EUROPEAN UNION AMBASSADORS. At a 26 July meeting with the ambassadors of the EU countries in Hungary, Premier Horn said full EU membership remained his country's strategic aim, with the relevant talks starting in 1996 or early 1997 at the latest, MTI announced. According to Horn, Hungary does not want to re-negotiate its association treaty with the EU but to exploit the possibilities it offers to the fullest. The envoys welcomed Budapest's desire to sign state treaties with Slovakia and Romania, with Horn saying that those treaties should guarantee both the inviolability of borders and the rights of national minorities. Alfred Reisch, RFE/RL Inc. ELIE WIESEL IN ROMANIA. Radio Bucharest and Romanian television announced on 25 July that Nobel prize winner Elie Wiesel, who is of Romanian-Hungarian Jewish origin, arrived to the northwestern town of Baia Mare. At the airport he was received by presidential spokesman Traian Chebeleu and local officials. Wiesel, whose works on the Jewish Holocaust have been translated in many languages, was harshly criticized by the Romanian ultra-nationalists after his denunciations of inter-war Romanian anti-semitism and Marshal Ion Antonescu. The presence of Chebeleu at the reception ceremony seems to indicate that the authorities are now attempting to soothe the writer. Wiesel will participate in ceremonies marking the 50th anniversary of the deportation of Transylvanian Jewry to extermination camps by the Hungarians and the Nazis. He will also shoot a documentary on his life. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. BULGARIAN OPPOSITION FALLING APART? The Union of Democratic Forces (UDF), which won the October 1991 elections but since losing control over government a year later has been caught up in painful internal struggles, appears to have propelled itself into its most serious crisis so far. Bulgarian newspapers say on 27 July that the UDF's National Coordinating Council on the previous day froze the membership of the Democratic Party (DP), its largest member organization, on grounds that its leaders have refused to carry out instructions from the executive and thereby threatened the unity of the coalition. At the ensuing press conference, UDF Chairman Filip Dimitrov said the decision to freeze the party's membership, rather than expelling it, had been taken to prevent further tension in local branches and the central bureaucracy, hinting that he expects some DP members to join other UDF organizations. DP and caucus leader Stefan Savov, however, warned that he and his supporters were not prepared to leave the coalition, insisting that "we are the UDF." While 10 member organizations were reported to have backed the decision, three--the Radical Democratic Party, the United Christian Democratic Party and the Bulgarian Agrarian National Union "Nikola Petkov"--voted against. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL Inc. LITHUANIA TALKS WITH EUROPEAN UNION. On 26 July, Daniel Guggenbuhl, Director of the Department of Eastern and Central European Countries and Baltic States of the EU First General Directorate, arrived in Vilnius for a three-day visit heading an EU delegation, Radio Lithuania reports. The delegation will hold talks with a Lithuanian team headed by Deputy Foreign Minister Albinas Januska, on preparing an agreement on Lithuania's associate membership in the EU. Lithuania signed a free trade agreement with the EU on 18 July and expects to become an associate member before the end of the year. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL Inc. MOLDOVA, EU SIGN PARTNERSHIP. The European Commission's Vice-Chairman, Sir Leon Brittan, and Moldova's Foreign Minister Mihai Popov initialed on 26 July in Brussels an agreement for partnership and cooperation between the European Union and Moldova. According to the communiqu~, issued by Moldova's Foreign Ministry to the media, Brittan praised Moldova's economic and political reforms as "an example for the region." and pledged EU support for their continuation. On the same day, the EU extended to Moldova a loan of 45 million ECU for balance of payment support. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. UKRAINIAN PARLIAMENT SPEAKER MEETS CHERNOMYRDIN. On 26 July Ukrainian parliamentary speaker Oleksandr Moroz began a two day visit to Moscow, ITAR-TASS reported on 27 July. During the visit Moroz met with Russian prime minister Viktor Chernomyrdin. The meeting, which took place behind closed doors, reportedly focused on economic issues. Both sides said they hoped to expand Russian-Ukrainian trade and settle the issue of mutual payments. Russia's first deputy finance minister, Andrei Vavilov, and the Ukrainian finance minister, Hryhorii Pyatachenko, also participated in the discussions. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. BRAWL IN UKRAINE'S PARLIAMENT OVER LANGUAGE ISSUE. A fist fight broke out on 26 July in the Ukrainian parliament during a debate over the use of Russian as a language in the parliament, Interfax reported. A draft law proposes that deputies who do not speak Ukrainian submit the text of their speeches so these can be translated into Ukrainian. An insulting remark about the Ukrainian language dropped during the debate, prompted a Rukh deputy from Lviv, Yaroslav Kendzior, to shout that even an elephant could learn Ukrainian in 4 years. This in turn prompted a socialist deputy from Kharkiv, Oleksandr Chupakhin, to respond with obscenities and a brawl erupted. After the fight, the Socialists demanded that Kendzior be reprimanded, while the Rukh leader, Vyacheslav Chornovil, condemned the Socialists' behavior. Debate over the law is to continue on 27 July. Parliament had earlier voted against a proposal making Russian a working language in parliament along with Ukrainian. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Vladimir Socor and Dan Ionescu The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU. This report is also available by postal mail, as are the other publications of the Institute, and by fax. RFE/RL NEWS BRIEFS, an edited compendium of items first published in the Daily Report, is distributed along with the RFE/RL RESEARCH REPORT, a weekly journal providing topical analyses of political, economic and security developments throughout the Institute's area of interest. Longer analyses are available in a monograph series, RFE/RL STUDIES, and brief analytic summaries appear monthly in the RESEARCH BULLETIN. 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