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No. 132, 14 July 1994
RUSSIA RUSSIAN SECURITY COUNCIL DISCUSSES BORDER REGIMES. Russia's Security Council, meeting under the chairmanship of President Boris Yeltsin, on 13 July approved a series of resolutions on improving Russia's border security, Interfax reported. Details of the package were not made public, but RFE/RL's Moscow correspondent reported prior to the meeting that Border Forces commander Col. Gen. Andrei Nikolaev would present a plan envisioning different types of border regimes depending upon the particularities of the border region and Russia's relations with the countries involved. Some of the proposed changes were said to be as follows: Russia's borders with the Baltic States will be tightly guarded, especially regarding checks on imports and exports; borders with China, Finland, Mongolia, and Norway will be less tightly guarded than during the Soviet period; borders with the Caucasus States will be guarded more strictly than with the Baltic States but less than with other CIS states; borders with Kazakhstan, Ukraine, and Belarus will have few checks. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc. JOSTLING FOR CONTROL OF BORDER FORCES. ITAR-TASS of 13 July said that Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev would suggest to Security Council members a proposal that he had made before a parliamentary defense committee earlier in the week that called for subordinating the Border Forces to the Defense Ministry. Interfax, however, quoted the Border Forces press spokesman, Aleksandr Suvorov, as rejecting Grachev's proposal and arguing that the Border Forces should be subordinated directly to the President. He also suggested that Yeltsin favored strengthening the role and autonomy of the Border Forces. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc. KALININGRAD ALSO ON AGENDA. Russian agency reports also said that the status of Kaliningrad was on the Security Council agenda. Although the discussions were not made public, Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev and the speaker of the Russian Federation Council, Vladimir Shumeiko (who was elected from Kaliningrad), were said to have presented reports on the issue. Interfax said that likely topics for discussion were the enclave's status as an integral part of Russia, Russian military shipments to Kaliningrad via Lithuania, regional social problems, and the strength of Russian forces in the region. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc. ON MILITARY PRESENCE IN KALININGRAD. Vyacheslav Kostikov, Russian President Boris Yeltsin's chief spokesman, was quoted by BNS on 12 July as asserting that Moscow would decide unilaterally on the number of troops that it keeps stationed in the Kaliningrad region and that Russia's defense requirements would be the primary factor governing the disposition of forces there. In other remarks reported by BNS Kostikov also asserted that Moscow would decide unilaterally on the number of troops that it keeps stationed in the Kaliningrad region and that Russia's defense requirements would be the primary factor governing the disposition of forces there. The current number of Russian troops actually stationed in Kaliningrad is unknown, but estimates generally begin at 100,000; this high concentration of forces has been a concern to neighboring governments. In March of this year the Russian Defense Ministry announced plans to restructure the military forces in the Oblast, with the aim of creating an integrated "special defense region." Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc. DUMA BLOCKS PRIVATIZATION PROGRAM. The State Duma failed to approve "postvoucher" privatization legislation on 13 July, effectively blocking a program that was meant to take effect on 1 July, when voucher privatization reached its expiration date. The motion to approve the legislation in its first reading won the support of only two party factions--Russia's Choice and 12 December--and mustered only 91 supporting votes, while 186 deputies were opposed, ITAR-TASS reported. Passage would have required 225 votes. Critics charged that the postvoucher program, which is based on outright sales designed to attract "strategic investors" with capital and management skills, would sell off state firms for only a fraction of their actual value. The Duma sent the government's draft to committee for further work, but instructed that competing drafts submitted by parliamentary factions also receive consideration. Privatization Minister Anatolii Chubais, who had appealed for rapid passage of the legislation on 6 July, stalked out of the Duma in disgust when Liberal Democratic Party leader Vladimir Zhirinovsky proposed distributing state assets "in equal shares and into able hands." Chubais indicated afterward that he will urge President Boris Yeltsin to implement the program by decree. Duma speaker Ivan Rybkin nonetheless expressed the hope that new legislation could come to a vote on 21-22 July. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL Inc. FOOD PRICES TO RISE. The Russian agriculture ministry reported on 12 July that higher procurement prices and new tariffs imposed on imports of sugar, meat, and other food products on 1 July are likely to prompt a substantial increase in food prices. Agriculture officials told Interfax on 12 July that the price of a loaf of bread could rise from 480 to 800 rubles and, a kilo of sugar, from 766 to 1510 rubles. The ministry is proposing that a presidential decree impose "profit limits" on food prices to prevent retailers from using the opportunity to gouge prices. The economics ministry said on 12 July that the 1994 grain harvest will amount to 87-91 million tons, down from 99 million in 1993. The agriculture ministry has made slightly higher estimates and argued that increased imports will not be required; Agrarian Party deputies have predicted a far smaller harvest and warned of "disaster." Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL Inc. KUWAIT, RUSSIA NEGOTIATE ARMS SALE. A delegation from the Russian arms trading company Rosvooruzheniye is currently in Kuwait discussing the sale of armored fighting vehicles to the Gulf nation, the deputy chief of the company's foreign trade department, Sergei Belousov, told ITAR-TASS on 13 July. A Reuters report of 12 July, quoting sources in Kuwait, said that the deal was thought to involve forty Russian BMP-3 armored personnel carriers, and possibly some missile launching systems. The report estimated the value of the deal at $800 million. Belousov, interviewed in Moscow, made no mention of the missile launchers. He said that the negotiations were at an "interim phase," and dismissed suspicions voiced by a Kuwaiti parliamentarian--also reported by ITAR-TASS--that Russia was in fact trying to sell Kuwait outdated surplus equipment from the former Warsaw Pact. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc. US SENATE TIES AID TO BALTIC TROOP WITHDRAWAL. In an amendment to foreign aid legislation that would provide $839 million to former Soviet republics in the 1995 fiscal year, the US Senate on 13 July voted to block new aid to Russia after 31 August unless it meets a deadline agreed upon earlier to withdraw all its military forces from the Baltic States, RFE/RL reported out of Washington. Supporters of the restriction, which would reportedly not apply to humanitarian assistance or to housing assistance for military officers who leave the Baltic, said that they wanted to send a "strong message" to President Boris Yeltsin to meet the deadline. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc. RUSSIAN SCIENTISTS PROTEST AGAINST SUDOPLATOV'S BOOK. A group of nuclear physicists published a letter in Izvestiya on 12 July in which they denounced Pavel Sudoplatov's version of the history of the building of the nuclear bomb in the USSR as presented in his book. Sudoplatov had worked in Soviet foreign intelligence and was a close associate of the chief of the Stalin's secret services, Lavrentii Beria. In his book Sudoplatov claims that leading American scientists shared strategic information with Soviet agents regarding the bomb. The physicists denied that the Soviets had built the nuclear bomb mainly as a result of the efforts of Beria's spies and through the cooperation of American scientists with the Soviet intelligence. According to their letter, the reason the first Soviet nuclear bomb was an exact copy of the American device is simple: the Soviet scientists built the bomb as a copy to ensure that it worked because they feared Stalin's wrath in the event of the failure of an innovative version. Meanwhile, Beria's son Sergo told Russian television on 4 July that the head of the American nuclear project, Robert Oppenheimer, had secretly visited the Soviet Union in 1939 and met with Lavrentii Beria, even staying in his house for a time. Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA UZBEKS JOIN PFP. On 13 July, Uzbekistan's foreign minister, Saidmukhtar Saidkasimov, signed his country up for NATO's Partnership for Peace (PFP) program in Brussels, AFP and ITAR-TASS reported. Uzbekistan is the 22nd state to join the PFP initiative; Tajikistan is now the only Central Asian state which has not signed on to the program. Saidkasimov stated that his government sees PFP membership as an additional way of enhancing stability in the CIS, and especially in Central Asia; he noted that Uzbekistan has also signed the CIS collective security treaty, which amounts to a mutual defense agreement. A NATO fact-finding mission is expected in Tashkent on 21 July, and it is will seek specific areas in which Uzbekistan and NATO can cooperate. The Uzbek government is reportedly eager to have some of its officer corps trained in Western Europe, and is also interested in trying to resolve the conflict along the Tajik-Afghan border. Keith Martin, RFE/RL Inc. COSSACK ODYSSEY. A first group of Cossacks from Kazakhstan has arrived in the Chita region, near Lake Baikal, according to a 12 July ITAR-TASS report; they will settle on a former military compound near the Russian-Chinese border. The Cossacks stressed that they did not leave Kazakhstan under pressure, but rather returned "home". As reported by the newspaper Zabaikalski Rabochi, the forefathers of the Cossacks now returning lived in the Chita region, but were forced to flee to China at the end of the Russian civil war, some 70 years ago; they were branded "class enemies" by the Bolsheviks. In the 1960s, during the Chinese Cultural Revolution, the Cossacks again fled, this time to the Soviet republic of Kazakhstan. The Cossacks hope that with their return to the Baikal region their long odyssey will finally be over. Keith Martin, RFE/RL Inc. CIS CIS CITIZENSHIP PROPOSED. Senior Moldovan officials told the RFE/RL Research Institute on 13 July that Moldova, along with other member states of the CIS, has just been sent a proposal for instituting a common citizenship of the CIS and for vesting the CIS Parliamentary Assembly with certain "supranational functions." The proposal and draft documents were forwarded by the CIS Secretariat. The government and parliament in Chisinau are likely to respond in low-key fashion that the proposal are incompatible with Moldova's legislation. Moldova has recently resisted a parallel proposal by Russia's Foreign Ministry (also aired to other member states of the CIS) to institute a dual Moldovan-Russian citizenship. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. RUSSIAN-MOLDOVAN TRADE: MARKET OR EMPIRE? Reacting toIzvestiya's 8 July story on Russian acquisition of industrial assets in Moldova, Moldgas chief Boris Carandiuc confirmed to Basapress on 11 July the signing of an intergovernmental letter of intent for ceding a substantial portion of Moldgas shares to Russia's state concern Gazprom. Carandiuc revealed, however, that this and similar deals in the making were not meant to pay arrears for past Russian fuel deliveries, but to obtain substantial price cuts to well below market levels for future deliveries. Such deals would imply Russia's return to the practice of subsidizing trade with ex-Soviet republics, leaving Moscow to chose between pro-market and pro-imperial policies. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE LATVIAN PRIME MINISTER ANNOUNCES RESIGNATION. Speaking on Latvian TV on 13 July, Prime Minister Valdis Birkavs said that on 14 July he would formally tender his resignation to President Guntis Ulmanis. It is expected that the entire government will also resign. This step was recommended earlier that day by Latvia's Way parliamentary faction, of which Birkavs and 10 of the 13 ministers are members. The immediate cause of the decision to resign was the announcement earlier in the week that deputies of the Farmers' Union had decided to withdraw from the parliamentary coalition that they had formed 11 months ago with Latvia's Way deputies, and the subsequent resignation of three FU ministers from the government. According to the law, the government will continue to operate until a new government is formed. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. BALTIC-TURKISH COOPERATION ACCORDS SIGNED. While visiting Latvia, Turkish Foreign Minister Hikmet Cetin signed a treaty of friendship and cooperation between his country and Latvia on 12 July. Cetin also reportedly told Latvian Prime Minister Valdis Birkavs that Turkey supports expanding NATO to include Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Cetin's visit to Riga is part of a trip to all three Baltic States. Cetin signed 7 bilateral treaties with Lithuania on 11 July. On 13 July Cetin met with Estonian President Lennart Meri and other Estonian leaders in Tallinn. An accord on cooperation in culture, education, and sports between Estonia and Turkey was signed and plans were made for further agreements on economic cooperation between the two countries, BNS reported on 13 July. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. SERBS BALK ON PARTITION PLAN. International and Serbian media report on 14 July that Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic gave a vague response the previous day to the visiting British and French foreign ministers about accepting or rejecting the proposal. He suggested that he might recommend a "no" vote to the Serb parliament that meets in Pale on 18 July, the same body that killed the Vance-Owen peace plan last year. Karadzic appeared to make any acceptance conditional on his "Serbian Republic" receiving "an international personality like Ukraine in the Soviet Union," AFP quoted him as saying. President Alija Izetbegovic of Bosnia-Herzegovina, however, maintains that the plan must preserve the republic's territorial integrity, knowing full well that Karadzic and his supporters want to break away and join a greater Serbia. The Bosnian Serb leader brushed off the British and French ministers' apocalyptic visions of an expanded war, saying that "the international community has to fear war more than us, because we are already at war." Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. UN READIES SCENARIOS FOR EVACUATING UNPROFOR. In case, however, that expanded war comes if the Serbs reject the partition plan and the US and other countries help arm the Muslims as a result, the UN and individual donor countries are preparing contingency plans to evacuate UN troops from Bosnia. Drafting such proposals is an ongoing process, and, while the individual states like Britain have their own plans, any decision to pull out will probably be effected by the UN as a whole for all 21,000 personnel. Bosnian Serb military commander Gen. Ratko Mladic, who had earlier threatened to "bomb London" if NATO planes attacked his troops, has again promised retribution if the UN expands the size and scope of its safe areas and thereby puts his forces at risk. The Times carried two reports in its 13 July edition. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. CROATIAN GOVERNMENT TRIES AGAIN TO SHUT DOWN A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER. For at least the third time in several years, the ruling Croatian Democratic Community (HDZ) is working to put the satirical paper Feral Tribune out of business. It has the second largest circulation of any weekly in the republic; the first place goes to Globus, which is also sharply critical of President Franjo Tudjman and the HDZ and which has also been the subject of official legal harassment. The authorities managed to take over the weekly Danas in 1992 and turn it into a docile mouthpiece of the HDZ, complete with full-page glossy ads from large firms run by the state or by HDZ big-wigs. Feral and Globus have, however, proved to be tougher nuts to crack, and as of 1 July the Ministry of Culture has classified Feral as pornographic in order to slap a 50% tax on it. The paper includes excellent photomontages that sometimes test the boundaries of good taste, but the "pornography" label is clearly designed to justify a tax that could serve to run the weekly out of business. The measure was signed by Minster Vesna Girardi-Jurkic, who fares poorly in public opinion polls. Her spokesman told Reuters on 13 July: "please don't make a scandal out of this. . . . There is no censorship in Croatia." Borba and Vjesnik carry related reports on 14 July. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. SERBIA UPDATE. On 14 July the rump Yugoslav press reports that Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic had a meeting with Douglas Hurd and Alain Juppe the previous day, during which Milosevic said that the latest peace proposals must take into account the "vital interests" of all warring parties in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In other news, on 14 July Politika runs the headline "Is Dobrica Cosic Returning to Politics?" Cosic, a famous writer, outspoken Serbian nationalist, and former president of the rump Yugoslavia met with international mediators Lord David Owen and Thorwald Stoltenberg on 11 July, a move which is evidently fueling the speculation about his possible political aspirations. In other news, the Serbian Renewal Movement (SPO), led by Vuk Draskovic, has endorsed the most recent international efforts aimed at bringing peace to Bosnia and Herzegovina. Draskovic avowed his commitment to the peace process at a 12 July press conference. Finally, on 13 July Borba reported extensively on Belgrade's new municipal government, noting it is "again socialist." Stan Markotich , RFE/RL Inc. KOSOVO UPDATE. The CSCE Parliamentary Assembly has condemned police brutality in Kosovo and called for a dialogue "between the Belgrade authorities and the legitimate representatives of the Albanians of Kosovo." The assembly also stated that safety of refugees returning to Kosovo cannot be guaranteed and urged all CSCE states to accept asylum seekers from Kosovo, Kosova Communication reported on 11 July. Meanwhile an ethnic Albanian died in the Pristina hospital on 6 July after he was tortured in police custody. According to a report published by the local Council for the Defense of Human Rights and Freedoms, another four ethnic Albanians died and five were injured as a result of police violence over the past six months in Pristina. Elsewhere, the party congress of the Democratic League of Kosovo, which controls the Kosovar shadow state, is scheduled for 14 July, Rilindja reported on 8 and 9 July. A new leadership is to be elected at the congress. Fabian Schmidt, RFE/RL Inc. POLISH GOVERNMENT ON 1995 BUDGET. The government discussed the basic outlines of the 1995 budget on 12 July, Rzeczpospolita reports, as Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Grzegorz Kolodko continued his efforts to build a public image as a determined and organized helmsman of economic policy. The finance ministry predicts GDP growth of 5% for 1995, with inflation dropping to 16% but unemployment remaining unchanged. The deficit would be cut to only 3.5% of GDP. Revenues would reportedly rise as much as 7% in real terms. Initial plans call for a reduction in income taxes and a return to the pre-1994 brackets of 20%, 30%, and 40%, but the government may opt to reject this proposal. The zloty's devaluation would slow from 1.6% per month to about 0.9%. The average wage would rise 3% in real terms. The cabinet agreed that planning for the 1995 budget should be coordinated closely with the "Strategy for Poland" drafted by Kolodko. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL Inc. "STRATEGY"--ECONOMIC PLAN OR WINDOW-DRESSING? Kolodko has in recent days visited most of the "economic" ministries, at times in the company of Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak, in an effort both to discuss the "Strategy for Poland" and, apparently, to assert his dominant role in policy making. Meanwhile, Poland's leading economists remain deeply divided over whether Kolodko's well-publicized "strategy" is in fact a viable long-term economic program or merely a propagandistic wish list designed to erase the "Balcerowicz plan" from public memory. In the 12 July issue of Gazeta Wyborcza, former Privatization Minister Janusz Lewandowski argued that the "strategy" reflects "wishful thinking" and is "constructed on the principle: something nice for everyone." The chairman of the Economic Strategy Council set up at Kolodko's invitation, Jan Mujzel, complimented the government for drafting the document. But, after the council's first session on 12 July, Mujzel warned against glorifying the state's role in promoting economic growth and proposed a stress on individual enterprise instead. In an editorial in Rzeczpospolita on 14 July, Dariusz Rosati, the coalition's initial candidate to fill the posts now held by Kolodko, suggested that such criticisms are politically motivated. He called for a broad "proreform" alliance to back the "strategy" and a moratorium on "political battles and personal animosities." Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL Inc. PRIVATIZING "THE CZECH WAY" PUT ON HOLD. At its session on 13 July, the Czech government rejected a plan submitted by Industry Minister Vladimir Dlouhy and Privatization Minister Jiri Skalicky to privatize the Czech petrochemical industry, in particular Czech refineries, with the help of Czech capital. In May, Czech economic ministers rejected a $520 million investment offer from a Western consortium interested in privatizing the industry and taking over the two most profitable refineries. At that time, the ministers decided in favor of local companies and capital. The decision was hailed by some politicians as "the Czech way" of privatizing the industry. However, some politicians criticized "the Czech way" as preserving the country's dependence on the Soviet petrochemical industry; some media speculated about Dlouhy, the main advocate of "the Czech way," and the possibility of his having ties to the Czech petrochemical industry's lobby. Explaining the rejection of Dlouhy's and Skalicky's plan on 13 July, Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus said that the plan was flawed in that it was not a real privatization scheme; rather, under the plan the state-owned industry would only be restructured and most of it would remain in the hands of the state. Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. KINKEL IN ROMANIA. German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel told a press conference in Bucharest on 13 July that his country backed Romania's effort to join NATO and the European Union, an RFE/RL correspondent in the Romanian capital and Radio Bucharest reported on the same day. At the same time, Kinkel warned against "euphoria" and added that the process of expanding NATO eastwards ought to involve Russia. He said Romania was not forgotten, but membership in NATO and the EU will not come as quickly as some in Romania hope. Germany, Kinkel added, was ready to extend help to Romania, but this must be viewed as aid for "self-help." Kinkel met with President Iliescu, Premier Nicolae Vacaroiu, Foreign Minister Teodor Melescanu, and other Romanian officials. In another development, on 13 July Norwegian Defense Minister Jorgen Kosmo began a two-day visit to Romania. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. MOLDOVAN-ROMANIAN FRICTION. The Romanian Foreign Ministry's chief spokesman, Mircea Geoana, said at a news briefing on 13 July that in the upcoming governmental talks with Moldova, Romania will raise the issue of the libel case brought by leaders of Moldova's ruling Agrarian Democratic Party against a pro-Romanian weekly in Chisinau. The weekly, which had without evidence accused the Agrarian leaders of treason and mafia ties, is one of several pro-Romanian newspapers in Chisinau publicly said by its editors and by Romanian officials to be financed by the Romanian government. Geoana also rejected the recent protests of the Moldovan parliamentary leadership (also Agrarian) against the grant of Romanian citizenship to individual Moldovan citizens. Terming Moldova's citizenship law (which virtually precludes dual citizenship) "restrictive," the spokesman implied that those Moldovans would merely "regain" their erstwhile Romanian citizenship (a legal point underlying Romanian claims to Bessarabia) and vowed that Romania will continue granting its citizenship to Moldovans who wish it. Radio Bucharest, RFE/RL's correspondent, and Basapress reported the briefing. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. BULGARIA: UDF FACING SPLIT? Bulgarian dailies report on 14 July that three major member organizations of the Union of Democratic Forces are currently considering leaving the coalition. Otechestven vestnik says the right-wing Democratic Party and the Radical Democratic Party, as well as the centrist Bulgarian Agrarian National Union "Nikola Petkov," have announced that they may take a decision to quit the anti-communist alliance over the next couple of weeks, due to differences with the present leadership. The UDF mouthpiece Demokratsiya confirms that key figures in the Democratic Party have already asked to be relieved of their duties in the coalition, citing dissatisfaction with the selective parliamentary boycott initiated by the recent 6th conference of the UDF. Other aspects of the conflict are that the conference decided to subordinate the parliamentary caucus to the National Coordinating Council and to purge the coalition from children of the former communist nomenklatura, plus a long-standing complaint of the larger parties that the existing leadership structure gives too much influence to the smaller partners of the coalition. Also, internal tensions appear to have been exacerbated by the UDF's bad showing in two recent by-elections. On 13 July, however, the UDF executive managed to unite on an appeal to all parliamentary groups to clarify their positions on the issue of early general elections. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL Inc. NATO INVITES UKRAINE TO PARTICIPATE IN NAVAL EXERCISES. The commander of Ukraine's navy, Vice-Admiral Volodymyr Bezkorovainy, has been officially invited to participate in NATO's naval exercises in October, Ukrainian television reported on 12 July. According to the invitation, Bezkorovainy's participation would be an important step in developing friendly relations between Ukraine and NATO. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. UKRAINIAN DEFENSE MINISTRY DENIES PLOT TO KILL KUCHMA. On 12 July the Ukrainian defense ministry issued a statement denouncing an article appearing in the Russian newspaper Segodnya which alleged that the ministry was involved in a plot to assassinate Leonid Kuchma in the event of his election as president, Ukrainian television reported. The article contained a copy of a secret document supposedly passed on by the head of military intelligence, Maj. Gen. Oleksandr Skipalsky, to the Commander-in-Chief of Ukraine's armed forces, President Leonid Kravchuk. The document refers to a plan to assassinate Leonid Kuchma if he became elected president because of his pro-Russian views. The press service of the Ukrainian defense ministry said the existence of any such document was false and the article was a provocation meant to discredit officials in Ukraine's defense ministry. Segodnya has published several articles regarding Ukrainian troops in Crimea and the Black Sea Fleet which have been denounced as provacative, sensational and inaccurate by Ukraine's defense ministry. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. SLOVAK POLICE ARREST 40 ALBANIANS PACKED INTO TWO CARS. The "silly season" has come early this year to the world of European journalism, and once again Albanians seem to have set some sort of record of a dubious nature. Reuters reported from Bratislava on 12 July that police arrested 40 Albanians for illegal entry into the country and for breaking safety regulations. The press reports did not specify what kind of vehicles the Albanians had, but noted that half of the passengers were under 18 years of age and that the arrests took place near Dukla by the Polish border. The Guinness Book of Records, however, reports that the prize goes to 46 people, who once managed to ride a single motorcycle. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Ustina Markus and Stan Markotich, RFE/RL Inc. The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU. This report is also available by postal mail, as are the other publications of the Institute, and by fax. RFE/RL NEWS BRIEFS, an edited compendium of items first published in the Daily Report, is distributed along with the RFE/RL RESEARCH REPORT, a weekly journal providing topical analyses of political, economic and security developments throughout the Institute's area of interest. Longer analyses are available in a monograph series, RFE/RL STUDIES, and brief analytic summaries appear monthly in the RESEARCH BULLETIN. Requests for permission to reprint or retransmit this material should be addressed to PD@RFERL.ORG and will generally be granted on the condition that the material is clearly attributed to the RFE/RL DAILY REPORT. Inquiries about specific news items or subscriptions to RFE/RL publications should be directed as follows (please include your full postal address when inquiring about subscriptions): In North America: Mr. Brian Reed RFE/RL, Inc. 1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907 Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783 Internet: RI-DC@RFERL.ORG Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer Publications Department RFE/RL Research Institute Oettingenstrasse 67 80538 Munich Germany Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2632 Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648 Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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