|Жизнь, дстойная своего имени, - это посвящение себя благу других людей. - Б. Т. Вашингтон|
No. 130, 12 July 1994
RUSSIA RUSSIA PRESSES TO JOIN PARIS CLUB. In the wake of its success in securing the status of a full political partner at the recent G-7 summit, Russia now appears poised to press for membership in the Paris Club of government creditors. In remarks reported by Western agencies on 10 July, President Boris Yeltsin said he had "insisted" at the G-7 summit that Russia be admitted to the Paris Club, although initially with observer status. In an interview with Rossiiskaya gazeta on 12 July, Yeltsin stressed that "we are still major creditors of both developing and CIS countries." Russia is in fact a net creditor, Yeltsin argued; developing countries owe it $140 billion, whereas Russia inherited some $80 billion in debt from the USSR. He said that the G-7 members responded favorably to Russia's proposal to participate in solving the problem of Third World debt. The Paris Club rescheduled $15 billion of Russia's government debt in April 1993; a second deal in June 1994 rescheduled a further $7 billion. Russian officials have since pressed for a more sweeping, long-term debt arrangement. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL Inc. KOZYREV URGES ACCEPTANCE OF BOSNIA PEACE PLAN. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev, back in Moscow on 11 July, urged all Bosnian factions to accept the peace plan drawn up recently in Geneva by the five-nation "contact group," ITAR-TASS reported. He described the package of proposals as the "only realistic compromise." A day earlier, however, Kozyrev reportedly warned Western leaders meeting in Naples that neither Moscow nor Serbia could guarantee acceptance of the plan by Bosnian Serbs and that, despite Russia's traditional ties with Serbia, relations between the communist USSR and Yugoslavia were far more complicated. According to Reuters, Kozyrev said that Bosnian Serbs were likely to respond to the latest peace initiative with, at best, a "Yes, but . . ." response, to which US Secretary of State Warren Christopher reportedly answered that "Yes, but . . ." means "No." Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc. GRACHEV ADDRESSES DUMA COMMITTEE ON BUDGET, CIVILIAN CONTROL. In an appearance before the Russian State Duma defense committee on 11 July, Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev once again criticized Russia's military budget of 40.6 trillion rubles, labeling it "discriminatory" and claiming that it provided the armed forces with only a fraction of the funding that it needed to meet its personnel and arms procurement needs. He also disputed the notion that the armed forces lack reliable civilian oversight and was quoted by ITAR-TASS as saying that: "We are controlled by the Security Council, the assistant to the Russian President for national security and his staff, the State-Legal Administration, and the defense committees of the Duma and the Federation Council." Grachev also denied that brutality in the army's barracks continues to take a murderous toll on Russian draftees, arguing that in fact only 40% of all crimes in the armed forces take place among those troops controlled by the Defense Ministry and that, for example, in the Border Forces alone six times more young soldiers die than in the army. Grachev's remarks came as mothers' groups protested outside the Duma building over violence in army life. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc. ON THE SIZE OF THE ARMY AND MILITARY REFORM. Partly as a cost-cutting measure and partly to ensure more effective coordination of Russia's various military formations, Grachev also called for the subordination to the Defense Ministry of border guard, railroad, construction, and civil defense forces, i.e., all Russian troops save Interior Ministry and special forces. Indeed, according to Interfax, Grachev described these "other" troops to the deputies as a "second army" and said their numbers were virtually equal to those of the regular armed forces. On that score, Grachev again called for the armed forces to be maintained at a level of at least 1.9 million. His statement suggested continued dissatisfaction with government plans to continue the down-sizing of the army. On 8 July, just prior to the opening of a conference on military reform, Grachev was quoted by ITAR-TASS as saying that the statutory strength of the armed forces would be lowered to 1.9 million by 1 October and to 1.5 million by the end of 1996. He also said that by the year 2000 Russia would transition from its current five service branches to four services (Strategic Deterrence Forces, Air Force, Navy, and Ground Forces) and probably to three service branches after the year 2000. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc. GRACHEV DENIES CORRUPTION IN RUSSIAN TROOPS IN GERMANY. The Russian Minister of Defense said that the "rumors" about corruption in the Western Group of Forces (WGF) are "groundless," ITAR-TASS reported on 11 July. In his words, for the last three years numerous investigative commissions have failed to uncover purported legal violations by the WGF's Commander-in-Chief, Matvei Burlakov, and his officers. Grachev made his statement in the Russian parliament following the sensational revelations published in Segodnya 20 May and 20 June by the controversial lawyer, Dmitrii Yakubovsky . Despite his dubious reputation, Yakubovsky has shown that overwhelming corruption exists among the top military and political leadership. The same allegations were presented last year by the former chief of the Presidential Control Administration, Yurii Boldyrev. Boldyrev's report resulted in his dismissal from his post. Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL Inc. COUNCIL OF FEDERATION TO REVIEW LAW ON CONSTITUTIONAL COURT. The Council of Federation plans to review the new Law on the Constitutional Court on 12 July, Russian TV "Vesti" announced earlier that day. The law was the first law to be adopted by the lower chamber, the State Duma, following its election in December 1993. During the debate over the law the Duma rejected all of the amendments suggested by the Council of Federation including the provision allowing judges to be reelected. Another amendment suggested by the Council of Federation was that the Court's chairman be elected by members of the Council of Federation rather then by judges of the Constitutional Court. It is unclear whether members of the Council of Federation will insist on the changes rejected by the Duma on its 12 July session. Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. UNAUTHORIZED RETURN OF INGUSH REFUGEES TO PRIGORODNYI RAION? A large group of Ingush refugees is planning to return to their homes in the Prigorodnyi raion of North Ossetia on 16 July, Interfax reported on 9 July. They will set out, accompanied by journalists, if the organized return of Ingush refugees to four settlements in Prigorodnyi raion, formally agreed to by North Ossetia, does not take place in the immediate future. Under the terms of a recent agreement signed by the presidents of North Ossetia and Ingushetia the return of Ingush refugees to these four settlements should be completed by 31 July, but there are signs that North Ossetia is once again stalling on the issue. Previous attempts by Ingush refugees to return have been blocked by the Ossetians. Ingush President Ruslan Aushev has said he would not prevent an unauthorized return if it resulted from failure to fulfill the agreement. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL Inc. RUTSKOI WANTS TO FORM REAL OPPOSITION. Former Russian Vice-President Aleksandr Rutskoi said during a visit to Togliatti on 6-7 July that he wanted to create a real opposition in the shape of a socialist patriotic movement called "Derzhava" (Power), Interfax reported on 8 July. According to Rutskoi there is no opposition in Russia, only "a political farce." Thousands of parties and organizations have been set up, he added, but decisions are still made in the heart of Moscow. Rutskoi said that the theses for "Derzhava's" program were ready and local branches were being set up. He hoped the movement would win a majority in the next parliament. Rutskoi's trip to Togliatti was organized by the local council of Afghan war veterans, and he was accompanied by the chairman of the National Salvation Front Ilya Konstantinov. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA PROGRESS TOWARDS A KARABAKH SETTLEMENT? Speaking to journalists at Baku airport on his return from attending the CSCE parliamentary assembly session in Vienna, Azerbaijan parliament speaker Rasul Guliev stated that as a result of his talks with US and Russian representatives and with the chairman of the CSCE Minsk Group, understanding was reached on a potential settlement of the conflict and an agreement to that end could be signed by the end of this month, Interfax reported. One potential hindrance, however, is Azerbaijan's new proposal that no single country should provide more than 30% of the troops for an eventual peacekeeping force; Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh favor a predominantly Russian force and would in all likelihood object to a Turkish contingent. No other countries have made a definite commitment to supply peacekeeping forces. Armenian parliament chairman Babken Ararktsyan, also quoted by Interfax, reiterated that Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh were ready to sign an armistice "at any time;" he cast doubts on Azerbaijan's commitment to a settlement of the conflict. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL Inc. EU TO HELP CENTRAL ASIAN UNION? George Edgar, the coordinator of technical aid to Kazakhstan for the European Union (EU), was quoted by Interfax on 9 July as saying that the EU is preparing to coordinate cooperation with the newly-formed Central Asian economic and military union of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. Edgar said that the new union's coordinating committees, set up at the Central Asian leaders' 8 July summit in Almaty, should simplify the process of cooperation with the EU, though he did not specify any particular areas which the EU might have identified for possible assistance or exchanges. It is interesting to note that there does not appear to be, as yet, an official Russian reaction to the creation of a Central Asian union. Keith Martin, RFE/RL Inc. MERCEDES-BENZ MADE IN UZBEKISTAN. The first 100 trucks made with Mercedes-Benz parts under German license have been assembled at the Khorezm Automobile Plant in Uzbekistan, Interfax reported on 10 July. The plant, which will have the capacity to produce 5,000 trucks a year, was retooled last year under an agreement between the German auto manufacturer and the Uzbek foreign trade ministry. The trucks are designed primarily for the Uzbek market, though potential clients in other Central Asian states may also be able to purchase them. South Korea's Daewoo car company is also building a plant in Uzbekistan; the factory, which should start limited production next year, will eventually be able to produce 200,000 cars a year. Uzbekistan, with a population of over 20 million, and the rest of Central Asia are seen by East Asian and Western traders as markets with great potential, even if payment problems, red tape and other obstacles persist. Keith Martin, RFE/RL Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE KUCHMA ELECTED UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT. On 11 July the Central Electoral Commission announced that Leonid Kuchma won Ukraine's presidential election, various agencies reported. In a close race Kuchma received 51.57% of the votes cast while the incumbent president, Leonid Kravchuk, got 45.46%. The total voter turnout was 71.6%. Final results will be announced on 14 July and Kuchma will be sworn in as Ukraine's new president on 19 July. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. REACTIONS TO KUCHMA'S ELECTION. Reactions to Kuchma's election have generally been calm within the Ukrainian government. Foreign Minister Anatolii Zlenko said he did not expect any serious shifts in Ukraine's foreign policy. Kravchuk's domestic policy advisor, Mykola Mykhalchenko, has also said that he did not expect any major changes, but only a normal transfer of power. RUKH leader Vyacheslav Chornovil, on the other hand, was cited by Interfax as saying that his organization had no intention of cooperating with Kuchma and the new administration, while the leader of the Crimean Tatars, Mustafa Dzhamilyev, said Kuchma's election could lead to the further deterioration of the situation in Crimea. The leader of the Ukrainian Civil Congress of Crimea, Serhii Litvin, said the same. Outside of Ukraine, the leader of the Russian Liberal Democratic Party, Vladimir Zhirinovsky, expressed pleasure at Kuchma's election. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. REACTIONS TO BELARUSIAN ELECTIONS. Reactions to the landslide victory of the unpredictable Alyaksandr Lukashenka in Belarus's first presidential election have been mixed. The leader of the Russian Liberal Democratic Party is reportedly pleased with the result. One of the leaders of that party, Aleksandr Vengerovsky, said that he liked Lukashenka because "he is an intelligent person with good experience." Comments of other Russian politicians such as the Chairman of the Duma Committee for CIS Affairs, Konstantin Zatulin, concerning Lukashenka's unpredictability, however, leave the impression that it will take some time for Russia to formulate a policy vis-a-vis the new Belarusian president. Lukashenka is to be sworn in as president next week. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. BELARUSIAN PRIME MINISTER AND CABINET RESIGN. Following his defeat at the polls, Prime Minister Vyacheslau Kebich resigned from his post on 11 July, various agencies reported. In a statement Kebich said the election results were bitter for him, but he accepted their results and congratulated Lukashenka on his victory. Russian radio reported that Kebich's entire cabinet also resigned. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. POLISH COALITION QUARRELS OVER PRIVATIZATION. In the latest in a series of economic disputes within Poland's ruling coalition, 58 deputies from the Polish Peasant Party (PSL) have demanded the removal of Privatization Minister Wieslaw Kaczmarek. Kaczmarek, an economic liberal, represents the Democratic Left Alliance in the government. A petition demanding his removal was submitted to the prime minister on 8 July, PAP reports. Led by the Sejm's privatization commission chairman, Bogdan Pek, the PSL deputies object to the planned privatization of Poland's tobacco industry. (Pek was the agent of a similar conflict over the privatization of Bank Slaski in the spring; that conflict led to the resignation of Deputy Prime Minister Marek Borowski.) The PSL wants to impose a state monopoly on tobacco processing, on the grounds that privatization will threaten the livelihood of Poland's 60,000 tobacco growers. In keeping with the PSL's plans, any economic activity involving tobacco would require a license. Kaczmarek has argued that domestic cigarette producers stand no chance of competing with foreign competition without the foreign investment that privatization would bring. A state monopoly on tobacco will reduce rather than bolster tax revenues, he has said. Typically, Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak has so far refused all comment. Kaczmarek met with Agriculture Minister Andrzej Smietanko (PSL) on 11 July; the two ministries are to agree jointly on a tobacco plan by the end of the month. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL Inc. "ANARCHISTS" TORCH POLISH CHURCH. Self-proclaimed anarchist vandals looted and set fire to an 18th-century Catholic church in a village near Lublin on 11 July, Gazeta Wyborcza reports. The arsonists daubed slogans such as "Individualist Anarchists" and "Anarchist Antireligious Front" on the walls and painted "God Does Not Exist" on the doors before setting fire to the church. The fire destroyed much of the church, including several religious treasures. Gazeta Wyborcza commented that such "extremist" acts are a consequence of "our verbal wars," presumably over Church-state issues. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL Inc. PROTESTS PREVENT LATEST WAVE OF CROATIAN APARTMENT EVICTIONS. Reuters reported from Zagreb on 11 July that the presence of human rights activists and foreign journalists prevented Croatian police and soldiers from serving eviction notices on two ethnic Croatian families. The apartments in question belonged to the former Yugoslav army, but the government of President Franjo Tudjman has sought to evict Croats opposed to his rule as well as Serbs from those dwellings. His policy has been to give them to Croatian veterans of the 1991 war against the Serbs, especially invalids, but one of the families harassed on 11 July included a war veteran. Some 2,000 apartments were taken over by the Croatian authorities by the end of 1993, and the people displaced were often just dumped on the street amid virtual silence by the state-run media. Last month Tudjman relaunched the campaign by telling veterans: "Let us prove we are a civilized people, that we will grant all ethnic and minority rights to Serbs who accept Croatia as their homeland. [But] why are there 6,000 apartments with Serbs inside and you, Croatian invalids, haven't got any?" Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. SLIM CHANCES FOR YUGOSLAV WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL. International media have reported in recent days on the appointment of South African judge Richard Goldstone as the prosecutor for the 11-judge war crimes tribunal. The first indictments are expected already this fall, but international legal experts stress that none of the really major culprits is likely to face justice. This is because the tribunal is dependent on the cooperation of the Balkan states in question to hand over the guilty individuals, but in Serbia in particular suspected war criminals sit at all levels of the government and military. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. MILOSEVIC, COSIC MEET OWEN, STOLTENBERG. On 12 July Politika reports that international mediators Lord David Owen and Thorwald Stoltenberg met with Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic in Belgrade. The latest peace proposal for Bosnia was highest on the agenda, and Milosevic, in what may be an attempt to encourage the peace process in Bosnia in exchange for having international sanctions against rump Yugoslavia eased, described peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina as being of "the highest interest." Meanwhile, Borba reports that Owen and Stoltenberg also met with Dobrica Cosic, author and former president of the rump Yugoslavia, in what appears to have been a bid to win Cosic's endorsement for the peace process in Bosnia. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL Inc. MACEDONIAN CENSUS ENDS. Local and international media reported from Skopje on 11 July that the EU-financed census has ended. It had been extended to 10 July to enable more ethnic Albanians to take part despite some local boycott--notably in Tetovo--and late starts. Ethnic tensions over the poll were high because both the Macedonians and the Albanians will be calculating each group's respective political clout based on the final figures. Past surveys have put the Albanians at about 20%, while their politicians claim the real figure should be around 40%. The final tally will not be available for some months, and the Albanians have demanded that ethnic Albanian experts take part in that count. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. HUMAN RIGHTS NEWS FROM THE YUGOSLAV AREA. The 29 June issue of Amnesty International's Index includes a call for a review of Macedonia's refugee policy. The move was prompted by the recent death of a young Muslim woman, who jumped from a moving train while Macedonian authorities were trying to deport her to Serbia. Meanwhile in Croatia, Karlovac's Center for Peace and Non-violence is working to reconstruct the town's youth center. The project is multi-ethnic and aimed at restoring something of normal life despite the physical and psychological damage the front-line town's population have suffered since the Serbs launched their insurgency in 1990-1991. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. SLOVENIAN-ALBANIAN RELATIONS. Borba on 12 July reports on the visit of Albanian Foreign Minister Alfred Serreqi to his Slovenian counterpart Lojze Peterle. The Albanians presented their position that a precondition for solving the Kosovo question is for the Serbs to restore the area's constitutional autonomy, which it had under the 1974 constitution but which was taken away by President Slobodan Milosevic in the course of his destruction of Tito's Yugoslavia. Serreqi also expressed his concern about the latest string of border incidents with Greece. The current "Greek government is under the influence of people who have a territorial appetite regarding Albania," and Athens is trying through the incidents to sabotage cooperation between Tirana and the EU, the Albanians feel. Slovenia has offered Albania help in developing its infrastructure. In addition, Albanian soldiers will train in the Slovenian Alps, while Slovenian sailors will see duty in Albania. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. GREEK SOLDIER WOUNDED IN ALBANIAN BORDER SHOOTING. A Greek soldier was slightly wounded in an incident with an Albanian military patrol on 7 July, agencies reported on 8 July. The shooting followed another border incident in late June, when two Albanian soldiers were killed by unspecified gunmen, Die Zeit reported on 8 June. Albania and Greece exchanged accusations about the responsibility for the incidents, but Greek Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou has said that the latest shooting should not be blown out of proportion. In an unrelated incident, the 11 July International Herald Tribune reports that Greek police opened fire on an Albanian car on Greek territory when the driver refused to stop for an inspection and when an occupant of the car fired on the police. At least one occupant of the car was wounded, while some of the others fled on foot. Fabian Schmidt, RFE/RL Inc. TRIAL OF GREEK MINORITY POLITICAL FIGURES IN TIRANA. Meanwhile a trial against five officials of the Greek minority's organization Omonia continued in Tirana. The ethnic Greeks were accused of "high treason" after police seized weapons and "anticonstitutional documents," which claimed that large parts of Albania belong to Greece as "North Epirus." According to Gazeta Shqiptare on 7 July, the penal code still provides capital punishment for treason. The law, which has not been changed since communist times, was criticized by Albanians and Greeks alike. The mayor of Gjirokaster stressed that "Albanians and Greeks want to live together in peace, nobody is looking for a conflict here." Fabian Schmidt, RFE/RL Inc. SLOVAK PRESIDENT IN PORTUGAL, SPAIN. Slovak media report that on 10 July Slovak President Michal Kovac ended a three-day visit to Portugal and began a visit of Spain by meeting Spain's King Juan Carlos and Prime Minister Felipe Gonzales in Madrid. Kovac, accompanied by a group of Slovak businessmen, is seeking to attract more Spanish and Portuguese investment in Slovakia. In explaining other objectives of his trip, Kovac told journalists in Madrid on 11 July: "We have to look for friends who will support us in our efforts toward full participation" in the work of the European Union and other European institutions. Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. LI PENG CONTINUES ROMANIAN VISIT. Following their meeting on 11 July, visiting Chinese premier Li Peng and Romanian President Ion Iliescu addressed the press. A Radio Bucharest report quoted Iliescu as saying Li's visit to Austria, Germany and Romania demonstrated that economic considerations were more important than ideology. Iliescu emphasized that China was Romania's largest trade partner after Germany and that Romania was China's most important trade partner among the countries that had parted with the Communist system. Li said every nation had the right to opt for the political system of its choice and no foreign intervention against that option was justified. He added that his country still encountered difficulties in the "process of edification of socialism." Michael Shafir., RFE/RL Inc. CLUJ MUNICIPAL COUNCIL SEEKS ROMANIAN-HUNGARIAN CONFRONTATION. An extraordinary session of the Cluj municipal council, which is headed by the town's nationalist mayor, Gheorghe Funar, adopted a resolution condemning the council's members who belong to the Hungarian Democratic Federation of Romania, Radio Bucharest reported on 11 July. The declaration says the HDFR municipal counselors had "mislead Romanian and particularly international public opinion" in their efforts to block the archeological digs in the town's main square. It also called on the Romanian government and on President Ion Iliescu to "firmly condemn the declarations of the Hungarian government" on the digs. These declarations, it was stated in language reminiscent of the Ceausescu period, were "a blatant attempt to interfere in Romanian internal affairs." Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. IMF OFFICIAL ON BULGARIA'S FINANCES. Russel Kincaid, who heads the mission of the International Monetary Fund to Bulgaria, has suggested that the Bulgarian government may have to work hard to keep down inflation in the coming months. Making his remarks in a conversation with President Zhelyu Zhelev on 11 July, Kincaid recommended that the cabinet redouble its efforts to restore confidence in the national currency and avoid making corrections in the budget so that inflationary pressure is kept down. In an analogy with Bulgaria's performance in the World Cup soccer series in the United States, he said that in the realm of financial stability the country has recently scored considerable successes but that several games remain to be played. For his part, Zhelev assured Kincaid that further political upheavals or new parliamentary elections will not lead Bulgaria off the set course toward a market economy. BTA carried the report. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL Inc. LATVIA'S RULING PARLIAMENTARY COALITION SPLITS. At their meeting on 11 July, the twelve Farmers' Union deputies to the Saeima decided to withdraw from the coalition that they had formed with deputies of Latvia's Way; together they had 48 of the 100 seats in the Saeima. Farmers' Union leader Andris Rozentals explained that the decision was prompted by the failure of the other partner and the government, which consists of mostly LW adherents, to honor the coalition agreements, particularly with regard to economic development, agricultural policy, and tariffs. Diena reported on 11 July that the FU members of the government will submit their resignations to Prime Minister Valdis Birkavs. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. ESTONIAN LEADERS DISAPPOINTED BY YELTSIN'S STATEMENT ON TROOPS. Estonian Foreign Minister Juri Luik expressed bewilderment over President Yeltsin's statement on 10 July that Russian troops from Estonia would not be withdrawn by 31 August. Estonian parliamentarians called Yeltsin's statement unprecedented when considered against the background of international law. Luik did call Yeltsin's willingness to meet with the Estonian president to discuss these issues "a constructive step," BNS reported on 11 July, and added that Estonia had proposed a similar idea already a year ago. Luik stressed that his country is determined to "bring the painful process of troop withdrawal to a conclusion." Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. DATA ON RUSSIAN FORCES IN ESTONIA. BNS reported on 11 July that the Estonian Defense Ministry estimates there are still three Russian military units--about 2,500 troops of whom most are officers--stationed in Tallinn or in the nearby Harju district. There is also a naval unit at Paldiski engaged mainly in the guarding and servicing of the two nuclear reactors there. Another naval unit is headquartered in Tallinn. Although Russia has pulled out most of its combat equipment from Estonia and many troops and equipment were withdrawn late in 1993, the pace of Russian pullout has slowed down to a near standstill. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. UNEMPLOYMENT DECLINES IN LITHUANIA. The Lithuanian Labor Exchange announced that the jobless rate dropped by 0.2 points to 2.8%, BNS reported on 5 July. The number of people without jobs exceeds 60,000 of which nearly 26,000 are officially registered as unemployed. Women and blue-collar workers make up the majority of people looking for work. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL Inc. [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Ustina Markus and Stan Markotich The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU. 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