|The only thing one knows about human nature is that it changes. - Oscar Wilde|
No. 125, 5 July 1994
RUSSIA YELTSIN SIGNS 1994 BUDGET; INFLATION DOWN. Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed the 1994 budget into law on 1 July, Interfax reported. The budget received final approval from both houses of parliament on 24 June. Planned spending exceeds planned revenues by 70 trillion rubles ($35 billion), or 9.6% of GDP. This proportion is well in excess of the 7.5% of GDP target agreed upon with the IMF in March. Russia's apparent success in reducing inflation is likely to appease IMF officials, however. Finance Minister Sergei Dubinin told reporters on 4 July that monthly inflation had dropped from 22% in January to 6% in June. Sources at the state statistics committee told Interfax, meanwhile, that the June figure was in fact as low as 4.8%. If accurate, these figures would reflect a triumph, as Russia agreed with the IMF to reduce monthly inflation to a target of merely 7% by December 1994. Dubinin noted, however, that tax revenues are lagging far behind anticipated levels, with only 65% of the revenues due in the first quarter collected to date. The government is already working on the draft budget for 1995, he added, and it should be submitted to the parliament by September. The draft budget will reflect the continuation of the "moderately strict" fiscal policy pursued since the beginning of 1994, he said. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. DIRECTOR OF FBI IN MOSCOW. The Director of the US Federal Bureau of Investigation, Louis Freeh, said that his agency will provide expertise and legal assistance to Russian law enforcement organizations in their efforts to combat organized crime, ITAR-TASS reported on 4 and 5 July. During his meeting with chiefs of the Russian law enforcement agencies, Freeh stressed that he prefers to prevent the leak of nuclear materials from Russia rather than waiting until such leaks turn into a serious threat. The Director of the Russian Federal Counterintelligence Service, Sergei Stepashin, gave Freeh a list of Russian criminals wanted by his service who are presently in the US. Freeh told Russian Interior Minister Viktor Yerin that he approved president Yeltsin's recent decree against organized crime and that in democratic countries tough measures against criminals are not a violation human rights. Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. ZHIRINOVSKY CLAIMS ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT ON HIS LIFE. On 30 June Vladimir Zhirinovsky's party issued a statement saying there was an assassination attempt on the politician's life, ITAR-TASS reported on 1 July. The Russian Interior Ministry rejected the statement as false and said the incident was an ordinary traffic accident. Meanwhile, on 1 July Zhirinovsky reportedly got into a fight with a traffic policeman, and the Moscow prosecutor was asked to file assault charges. The head of Moscow's traffic police, Vladimir Fedorov, was quoted by ITAR-TASS as saying that "if a politician did anything like this in any other country it would put an end to his career . . . Here [in Russia] it is received as just another of Zhirinovsky's funny little pranks and he goes unpunished." On 3 July Zhirinovsky arrived in Vienna to attend a parliamentary assembly of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe. He is traveling as part of the State Duma's delegation. Vera Tolz, RFE/RL, Inc. GRACHEV ON MOBILE FORCES, DEFENSE BUDGET. Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev told Interfax on 2 July that he soon expected to receive a presidential decree authorizing the Defense Ministry to recruit 200,000 soldiers from airborne and infantry divisions for the creation of a Russian mobile force. He provided no further details on the plan. Grachev, only recently returned from the North Caucasus, also repeated calls for the deployment of more Russian troops to the North Caucasus Military District. In the same report, Grachev described the military budget endorsed by the parliament and the president as miserable, and said that it had forced a significant reduction in spending on scientific research and design. In comments broadcast by radio Ekho Moskvy on 2 July, Grachev said that the army's financial situation is critical and added that the Defense Ministry only had enough funding to buy 15% of the new technical equipment and arms that it required. Grachev's remarks were the latest in a series of public statements that he has made criticizing the defense budget. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. CHECHNYA HANDS OVER TERRORISTS. The Chechen authorities handed over to Russia on 30 June the three terrorists who took 40 hostages near Mineralnye vody on 28 June and were later captured in Chechnya, ITAR-TASS reported. The Center for Public Ties of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs credited the success of the operation not only to the professionalism of the law enforcement agencies but also to the efforts of Deputy Premier Sergei Shakhrai and the Minister for Nationalities Affairs and Regional Policy Nikolai Egorov. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL, Inc. MOSCOW-NALCHIK AGREEMENT. On 1 July Yeltsin and the President of the Kabardino-Balkar Republic, Valerii Kokov, signed a treaty on the mutual delegation of powers between the organs of state power of the Russian Federation and the Kabardino-Balkar republic, ITAR-TASS and Interfax reported. This is the second treaty of this nature to be signed between Russia and one of its constituent republics. The first one was signed earlier in the year with Tatarstan. In the case of Kabardino-Balkaria, however, there has been no evidence of conflict with Moscow. Indeed, Kokov is regarded as particularly loyal to Moscow. Yeltsin described the new treaty as a further step on the path of the development of federation relations in Russian and the strengthening of its unity, and expressed the hope that it would strengthen stability in the whole North Caucasus. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA ABKHAZ ROUNDUP. After a first hand evaluation of the Russian peacekeeping operation in Abkhazia, Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev told Interfax on 1 July that he was confident that there would be no further war in Abkhazia. Russian and Abkhaz spokesmen offered conflicting explanations for Kozyrev's failure to meet as planned with Abkhaz parliament chairman Vladislav Ardzinba. Confusion likewise surrounds the ongoing return of Georgian refugees to Abkhazia; on 1 July a spokesman for the UNHCR in Geneva said that up to 5,000 Georgians had returned over the previous two days, some of whom had been accused by Abkhaz officials of carrying weapons. Georgian parliament chairman Eduard Shevardnadze claimed on 3 July that unspecified obstacles were being created to the refugees' return; Russian deputy defense minister Georgii Kondratyev, in charge of the Russian peacekeeping operation, told Interfax on 4 July that reports that the Russian forces had allowed 10,000 refugees to return were untrue. After a brief lull, Georgian forces again opened fire on Abkhaz units in the Kodori gorge on 4 July, according to Interfax. Meeting in Tbilisi on 4 July with UN representative Eduard Brunner, Shevardnadze called for greater UN involvement in the Abkhaz peacekeeping process; Brunner announced the imminent creation of a UN fund to aid the return of the refugees, ITAR-TASS reported. AFP reported on 1 July that four German army officers are to join the UN military observer contingent currently in Abkhazia. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. BAKU METRO BOMB. Seven people were killed and about 30 seriously injured when a bomb exploded in a Baku metro train during the morning of 3 July, Russian and Western agencies reported. Azerbaijan's President Heidar Aliev attributed the bombing to "forces hostile to Azerbaijan," claiming that "obstacles are being put up to our movement to independence," according to Interfax. Twelve people were killed in a similar bombing in March of this year. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. ANTI-GOVERNMENT DEMO IN EREVAN. Up to 20,000 people participated in an anti-government demonstration in Erevan on 1 July convened by the National-Democratic Union, ITAR-TASS reported. Addressing the demonstrators, former National Security advisor Ashot Manucharyan (like President Levon Ter-Petrossyan and NDU chairman Vazgen Manukyan a founder member of the Karabakh Committee in 1988) accused the Armenian leadership of deliberately imposing a transport blockade and of condoning political persecution; he called for the arrest and trial of Ter-Petrossyan and of Minister of Internal Affairs Vano Siradeghyan (also a former Karabakh Committee member), with whom he is engaged in a long-running public feud. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. PERES IN CENTRAL ASIA. Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres spent 3 and 4 July in Uzbekistan and then visited Turkmenistan on the highest-level visit by an Israeli official to Central Asia since the states in the region became independent, Russian and Western sources reported. Agreements were signed in Tashkent on 4 July covering air traffic, tourism and mutual protection of investments, and Peres met with members of the Uzbek Jewish community in Tashkent. Israel began quietly developing close ties with the Central Asian states soon after their independence--Uzbekistan in particular had long admired Israeli successes in desert agriculture. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. TAJIK OFFICIALS OPTIMISTIC. Despite the inconclusive end to the Tehran ceasefire talks between the Tajik government and opposition on 29 June, Tajik government officials are guardedly optimistic about the chances for a peaceful resolution of the conflict. The head of the government's delegation, Labor Minister Shukhurdzhon Zukhurov, told Interfax on 1 July that the majority of ministers and the Tajik head of state, Imomali Rakhmonov, believed that the opposition's demands could be met, albeit not immediately. The opposition is demanding the freeing of political prisoners and an amnesty for exiled opposition figures as a precondition for a ceasefire. Zukhurov called the conditions "difficult but quite acceptable," and expressed the hope that a ceasefire agreement could be signed at the next talks, to be held in Islamabad in August. Interestingly, Zukhurov himself argued that an obstacle to an immediate amnesty is the government's inability to guarantee the safety of those involved with the opposition. Keith Martin, RFE/RL, Inc. CIS CIS DEFENSE COOPERATION DISCUSSED. The joint staff for coordinating military cooperation between the states of the CIS met on 4 July in Moscow to discuss the prospects for forming a collective security system and a coalition force within the CIS, Interfax reported. The news agency quoted the Secretary of the CIS Council of Defense Ministers, Lt. Gen. Leonid Ivashov, who said that the participants of the meeting recognized the existence of a military threat to individual CIS countries and to the CIS as a whole. Ivashov reportedly introduced a proposal outlining the creation of a military-political union of CIS countries under a supra-national joint command which would be subordinated to the Collective Security Council. Ivashov admitted that there were obstacles to the formation of such a military union, but reportedly suggested that closer military integration might be achieved by signatories to the CIS Collective Security Treaty, with non-signatories joining on matters of air defense and defense production. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE PEACE PLAN FOR BOSNIA READY. International media report that diplomats from the "contact group" representing the US, Russia, and the EU have finalized arrangements for the "take-it-or-leave-it" plan they will present to the Serbs, Croats, and Muslims on 5 July in Geneva. The project reportedly leaves the Croats and Muslims with 51% of the republic's territory, while the Serbs, who have conquered 70% of the total, will keep only 49%. Details have not yet been made public but the 11 July Newsweek shows a map that would leave the Serbs with their main gains in eastern Bosnia plus a supply corridor in the north linking Serbia proper with its conquests in Bosnia and Croatia. Diplomats and representatives of all three Bosnian factions alike expressed skepticism as to whether or not anything concrete will come of the plan. The New York Times quotes a Muslim official as saying: "we'll sign and then ignore the agreement. That's what everyone has done in this war so far." Meanwhile in Washington, the VOA reported on 2 July that a measure was narrowly defeated in the Senate that would have allowed arms shipments to the Muslims to enable them to defend themselves. US President Bill Clinton had opposed the move, saying that negotiations offer the best hope for peace. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. SERB OFFENSIVE ROLLS ON. Reuters said on 3 July that Bosnian Serb forces had broken Muslim pressure in north-central Bosnia and shored up the Serbia-to-Krajina supply corridor. Serb troops had also moved into a position to cut Sarajevo's road link to the Adriatic. On 4 July Serb forces attacked a British post near Gorazde four times before British reinforcements arrived. In that same area, the rump-Yugoslav army, and not just Bosnian Serb forces, had apparently played a key role in the April attack on the besieged Muslim enclave, Newsday said on 3 July. Finally, RFE/RL's South Slavic Language Service reported on 4 July that the UN High Commissioner for Refugees says that armed Croats forcibly evicted some 80 Muslims from Mostar under often brutal circumstances recently. Croat spokesmen blamed rogue units for the incidents in Herzegovina's main city, which is shortly to come under EU administration for two years. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. IS TUDJMAN STILL TRYING TO STRIKE A DEAL WITH MILOSEVIC? Croatia's permanent envoy to rump Yugoslavia met with Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic on 30 June, international media report. Reuters said that nothing of substance was resolved, but the diplomat said the time was ripe for a meeting of Croatian and Serbian leaders. Croatian President Franjo Tudjman has long been known to favor some sort of package-deal solution to the Yugoslav crisis between himself and the Serbian leader at the expense of other parties. Milosevic, however, has in the past repeatedly taken Tudjman to the cleaners and effectively dashed Croatian hopes that the latest exchange of envoys would give Croatia anything of what it wanted. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. POLISH SEJM BLOCKS CONCORDAT. The Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) moved to open warfare with the Church on 1 July when its deputies voted overwhelmingly in favor of a resolution postponing ratification of Poland's concordat with the Vatican until after the new constitution is adopted. The vote to postpone was 201 to 181, Rzeczpospolita reports. The SLD charges that the concordat gives the Catholic Church a preferential position and violates the separation of Church and state. In fact, however, the terms of the concordat largely codify the status quo and describe Church and state as "independent and autonomous" institutions. The Sejm set up a special commission to ascertain if the concordat clashes with the current constitution or other laws. If a constitutional referendum is not held before the end of 1995, the commission is required to present the concordat for a final vote. An earlier motion to reject the concordat out of hand won more support than anticipated; 111 deputies, mainly from the SLD, voted against considering the concordat in any form. The formation of the special commission is legally problematic, as the concordat has the status of a treaty and the Sejm cannot alter its text. Speaking for the Freedom Union, former Prime Minister Tadeusz Mazowiecki criticized the vote as unlawful, as it "makes ratification dependent on a nonexistent constitution" and "undermines the state's ability to conclude international agreements." Cardinal Jozef Glemp charged on 2 July that the Sejm had "spurned the Pope's outstretched hand." "The Church wants peace but [it] is not afraid of war," Glemp told Polish TV on 4 July. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. WALESA VETOES ABORTION AMENDMENT. President Lech Walesa portrayed the Sejm's decision as a sign of a communist resurgence. "Enough communism," he commented. On 4 July, Walesa vetoed the parliament's amended version of the penal code, which would have legalized abortion in cases of material or personal hardship. "No economic considerations can legalize an attack on human life," the president wrote. The Sejm will need a two-thirds majority to override Walesa's veto; the initial Sejm on 10 June fell short of this proportion. Walesa hinted on 1 July that he might try "to abdicate for a day" to avoid signing the bill into law, should the Sejm override the veto. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. ALBANIANS BOYCOTT MACEDONIAN PARLIAMENT. The Guardian reported on 4 July that Albanian deputies from the Party of Democratic Prosperity walked out of the Macedonian legislature to protest the recent sentencing of 10 Albanians to up to eight years for allegedly forming paramilitary units to overthrow the government. The prisoners included prominent politicians from the PDP, which is part of the delicately balanced governing coalition and which has 23 seats in the 120-member legislature. It is not clear whether the PDP simply wants to register a point or whether it intends to provoke a political crisis. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. FORMER ALBANIAN COMMUNIST LEADER GETS NINE YEARS. Reuters reported from Tirana on 2 July that an Albanian court sentenced Ramiz Alia to nine years in prison for abuse of power and violation of citizens' rights. He and other former communist officials have charged that the trial was politically motivated. Most of the former leadership under the late Stalinist dictator Enver Hoxha, including his widow Nexhmije, is also behind bars. Alia was Hoxha's hand-picked successor. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. BULGARIAN PARLIAMENT REJECTS USE OF TURKISH IN MILITARY. On 1 July RFE/RL's Bulgarian Service reported that the Bulgarian parliament had officially rejected a proposal to allow the use of Turkish as a second official language in the military. The parliament voted to recognize Bulgarian as the official language of the armed forces. Ibrahim Tataroi, parliamentary vice-chairman of the Movement for Rights and Freedoms, representing the country's ethnic Turkish minority, reportedly criticized the decision by calling it potentially detrimental for minority rights. In other news, Daniel Tarschys, new Secretary-General of the Council of Europe, arrived in Bulgaria on 2 July for talks with high-level officials, including President Zhelyu Zhelev and Foreign Minister Stanislav Daskalov. Tarschys's arrival in Bulgaria marks his first official visit to a member country as Secretary-General. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. ILIESCU SAYS IMPEACHMENT MOVE ILLEGAL. At a press conference on 4 July, Romania's President Ion Iliescu defended his position on the restitution of nationalized property and said opposition moves to impeach him have "no legal foundation." Iliescu reiterated the same points in an address to the joint extraordinary session of the Romanian parliament's two chambers, which opened on 4 July. The long statement was read out by Chamber of Deputies Chairman Adrian Nastase. Iliescu claimed that the opposition had distorted some of the remarks he made during a visit to Satu Mare, in which he indicated he opposes the eviction of tenants from houses nationalized by Communists in the late 1940s and 1950s. He noted that a law adopted earlier this year specifically protects tenants from eviction over a five-year period. The opposition accused Iliescu of violating the constitution by asking public officials to ignore court decisions returning nationalized property to their rightful owners. Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. CZECH PRESIDENT IN THE US. On 2 July Vaclav Havel arrived in the US for a private visit, to receive the Philadelphia Liberty Medal and meet former President George Bush. International media report that in his speech at Philadelphia's Independence Hall on 4 July, Havel warned that fundamental principles of democracy, such as individual liberty and power based in the people, will mean nothing unless they are grounded in an awareness of mankind's place in the universe and a "respect for the miracle of being." Havel said that the end of the era of rationalism has been catastrophic. "Armed with the same supermodern weapons and followed by television cameras, the members of various tribal cults are at war with each other," Havel added. The only reliable path to peaceful coexistence must start, according to Havel, "from what is at the root of all cultures and what lies infinitely deeper in human hearts and minds than political opinion, conviction, antipathies and sympathies." In an interview with Reuters on 3 July, the Czech President warned that populist leaders, rather than resurgent former communist politicians, are the main danger to the stability of post-communist Europe. Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. HORN ON HUNGARIAN-SLOVAK TREATY. Hungarian Prime Minister designate Gyula Horn said that his cabinet wants to approach the issue of the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros power plant without any prejudices, Nepszabadsag reported on 2 July. Horn stressed that the environmental issues must remain decisive and a solution must be worked out at the expert level followed by a political solution. Horn said that once the power plant issue is settled, Hungary and Slovakia will be closer to agreement on the issue of the bilateral friendship treaty. Horn stressed that he will consult with the leaders of the Hungarian minority living in Slovakia before submitting the treaty for ratification to the Hungarian parliament. Judith Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc. SLOVAKIA'S TROUBLED DEMOCRATIC PARTY. Three months before the parliamentary elections, the extraparliamentary Democratic Party is experiencing turmoil; on 1 July the party's executive council announced its lack of confidence in Chairman Pavol Hagyari and challenged him to resign, TASR reported on 3 July. Hagyari responded by saying that he is accountable only to the party congress and that he will resign if the congress does not uphold a motion for the DP's joint candidacy with the Democratic Union of Slovakia. Cooperation with the DU would guarantee that the DP would be represented in the parliament and would thus ensure that the right-of-center vote would not be lost, Hagyari said. He stated that he preferred the DU's offer to that of the Christian Democratic Movement and noted that an attempt by the DP to go it alone in the elections would constitute "an attempt at political suicide." On 4 July the Party of Entrepreneurs, which had already agreed to a preelection coalition with the DP, announced it had decided to halt cooperation with the party until the DP congress voted on the possibility of a DU-DP coalition. PE Chairman Vladimir Randa said his party will not accept the DU's offer. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. SLOVAK PARLIAMENT APPROVES PENSION INCREASE. On 1 July the Slovak parliament voted to approve a law to raise pensions in 1994 and an amendment to increase pensions in 1995. The proposals, which were presented by Labor and Social Affairs Minister Julius Brocka, reflect the 10% rise in living costs and the 5% rise in average wages since the last pension increase. The 1994 state budget law earmarked 1.3 billion koruny for pension increases in case of a cost-of-living increase. The overall increase in average monthly pensions in the remaining months of 1994 will be 355 koruny; pensions will be raised by 7%, and fixed monthly allowances by 54 to 180 koruny. The increase will be funded from the budget of the National Insurance Company. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. LATVIA AWAITS CLINTON. In anticipation of the visit of President Bill Clinton to Riga, Latvian officials are completing the final preparations for the one-day stay. The presidents of Estonia and Lithuania arrived in Riga on 5 July in order to take part in welcoming the US head of state at the Riga airport on 6 July and to meet with him later. The US and Baltic leaders are expected to discuss Baltic security and economic issues, as well as relations with Russia. The Latvian and US presidents are also to sign several cooperation accords. On the eve of the visit, Clinton urged Central and Eastern Europe "not to overreact" to worries about possible threats from Russia. Clinton said, "I believe we can have a united Europe with a responsible, strong Russia, and we are going to work for that," Western media reported on 4 July. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. FBI DIRECTOR IN WARSAW, VILNIUS. After meeting with President Lech Walesa and other Polish officials, Director Louis Freeh announced on 1 July that the FBI plans to open an office in Warsaw to fight the spread of organized crime from Russia, PAP reports. Freeh also visited the site of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. From 1-2 July Freeh met in Vilnius with President Algirdas Brazauskas, Prime Minister Adolfas Slezevicius, the interior ministers of the three Baltic States as well as other customs and border protection officials, Radio Lithuania reported on 2 July. The talks focused on cooperation in fighting organized crime, drugs, and smuggling. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. LITHUANIAN PRESIDENT IN MINSK. On 4 July in his weekly interview over Radio Lithuania, Algirdas Brazauskas discussed his visit to Minsk for the celebrations of the 50th anniversary of Belarus's liberation from German occupation. He said that his hour-long meeting with Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin had been constructive. The talks focused on the implementation of the most-favored-nation trade agreement, Russian transit to Kaliningrad, and ways of easing visas for businessmen. Brazauskas said that in the soon to be completed draft agreement on transit Russia will not receive any special conditions and there will be provisions about Lithuanian cargoes going through Russia. Brazauskas also had a meeting with Belarus parliament chairman Mechislau Hryb. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. CHERNOMYRDIN IN BELARUS. Russian Prime Minister Chernomyrdin arrived in Minsk on 2 July, Belarusian TV reports. During the visit Chernomyrdin met with Belarusian Prime Minister Vyacheslau Kebich and discussed implementing the agreement on monetary union between Russia and Belarus. According to Chernomyrdin the present agreement on monetary union needed to be amended. While he did not specify which points needed changing, Russia is believed to want to bring the National Bank of Belarus under the control of the Central Bank of Russia before the accord is approved by the Russian Duma. Chernomyrdin also attended a ceremony marking the 50th anniversary of the liberation of Belarus from Germany at which he met briefly with presidential candidate Alyaksandr Lukashenka. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN BELARUS. On 1 July Interfax and AFP reported that a grenade had been thrown at the Belarusian government secretary for national security, Hendz Danilau. Danilau, a close associate of Prime Minister Vyacheslau Kebich, was not injured. In a separate incident, Respublika journalist Alyaksandr Kushner, who had taken photographs of an attack on presidential candidate Alyaksandr Lukashenka in June, was reportedly kidnapped and beaten before being released. The report did not specify whether the photos depicted the alleged assassination attempt on 16 June, when shots were supposedly fired at Lukashenka from a passing car, or the alleged police assault on Lukashenka when he attempted to enter his offices on 27 June. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. KRAVCHUK RESHUFFLES UKRAINIAN CABINET. On 1 July Ukrainian TV reported President Leonid Kravchuk's decree reorganizing the cabinet. Evhen Marchuk, head of the security services, was named deputy prime minister; Mykola Shulha was appointed minister of nationalities and migration, replacing Oleksandr Yemets; and Volodymyr Maltsev was named health minister in the place of Yurii Spishenka, who was removed. Deputy prime ministers Volodymyr Demyanov and Valentyn Landyk were also dismissed in the cabinet shakeup. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Stephen Foye and Louisa Vinton The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU. This report is also available by postal mail, as are the other publications of the Institute, and by fax. RFE/RL NEWS BRIEFS, an edited compendium of items first published in the Daily Report, is distributed along with the RFE/RL RESEARCH REPORT, a weekly journal providing topical analyses of political, economic and security developments throughout the Institute's area of interest. Longer analyses are available in a monograph series, RFE/RL STUDIES, and brief analytic summaries appear monthly in the RESEARCH BULLETIN. 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