The only thing one knows about human nature is that it changes. - Oscar Wilde
RFE/RL Daily Report

No. 125, 5 July 1994

                              RUSSIA

YELTSIN SIGNS 1994 BUDGET; INFLATION DOWN. Russian President Boris
Yeltsin signed the 1994 budget into law on 1 July, Interfax
reported. The budget received final approval from both houses of
parliament on 24 June. Planned spending exceeds planned revenues
by 70 trillion rubles ($35 billion), or 9.6% of GDP. This
proportion is well in excess of the 7.5% of GDP target agreed upon
with the IMF in March. Russia's apparent success in reducing
inflation is likely to appease IMF officials, however. Finance
Minister Sergei Dubinin told reporters on 4 July that monthly
inflation had dropped from 22% in January to 6% in June. Sources
at the state statistics committee told Interfax, meanwhile, that
the June figure was in fact as low as 4.8%. If accurate, these
figures would reflect a triumph, as Russia agreed with the IMF to
reduce monthly inflation to a target of merely 7% by December
1994. Dubinin noted, however, that tax revenues are lagging far
behind anticipated levels, with only 65% of the revenues due in
the first quarter collected to date. The government is already
working on the draft budget for 1995, he added, and it should be
submitted to the parliament by September. The draft budget will
reflect the continuation of the "moderately strict" fiscal policy
pursued since the beginning of 1994, he said.  Louisa Vinton,
RFE/RL, Inc.

DIRECTOR OF FBI IN MOSCOW. The Director of the US Federal Bureau
of Investigation, Louis Freeh, said that his agency will provide
expertise and legal assistance to Russian law enforcement
organizations in their efforts to combat organized crime,
ITAR-TASS reported on 4 and 5 July. During his meeting with chiefs
of the Russian law enforcement agencies, Freeh stressed that he
prefers to prevent the leak of nuclear materials from Russia
rather than waiting until such leaks turn into a serious threat.
The Director of the Russian Federal Counterintelligence Service,
Sergei Stepashin, gave Freeh a list of Russian criminals wanted by
his service who are presently in the US. Freeh told Russian
Interior Minister Viktor Yerin that he approved president
Yeltsin's recent decree against organized crime and that in
democratic countries tough measures against criminals are not a
violation human rights.  Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc.

ZHIRINOVSKY CLAIMS ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT ON HIS LIFE. On 30 June
Vladimir Zhirinovsky's party issued a statement saying there was
an assassination attempt on the politician's life, ITAR-TASS
reported on 1 July. The Russian Interior Ministry rejected the
statement as false and said the incident was an ordinary traffic
accident. Meanwhile, on 1 July Zhirinovsky reportedly got into a
fight with a traffic policeman, and the Moscow prosecutor was
asked to file assault charges. The head of Moscow's traffic
police, Vladimir Fedorov, was quoted by ITAR-TASS as saying that
"if a politician did anything like this in any other country it
would put an end to his career . . . Here [in Russia] it is
received as just another of Zhirinovsky's funny little pranks and
he goes unpunished." On 3 July Zhirinovsky arrived in Vienna to
attend a parliamentary assembly of the Conference on Security and
Cooperation in Europe. He is traveling as part of the State Duma's
delegation.  Vera Tolz, RFE/RL, Inc.

GRACHEV ON MOBILE FORCES, DEFENSE BUDGET. Russian Defense Minister
Pavel Grachev told Interfax on 2 July that he soon expected to
receive a presidential decree authorizing the Defense Ministry to
recruit 200,000 soldiers from airborne and infantry divisions for
the creation of a Russian mobile force. He provided no further
details on the plan. Grachev, only recently returned from the
North Caucasus, also repeated calls for the deployment of more
Russian troops to the North Caucasus Military District. In the
same report, Grachev described the military budget endorsed by the
parliament and the president as miserable, and said that it had
forced a significant reduction in spending on scientific research
and design. In comments broadcast by radio Ekho Moskvy on 2 July,
Grachev said that the army's financial situation is critical and
added that the Defense Ministry only had enough funding to buy 15%
of the new technical equipment and arms that it required.
Grachev's remarks were the latest in a series of public statements
that he has made criticizing the defense budget.  Stephen Foye,
RFE/RL, Inc.

CHECHNYA HANDS OVER TERRORISTS. The Chechen authorities handed
over to Russia on 30 June the three terrorists who took 40
hostages near Mineralnye vody on 28 June and were later captured
in Chechnya, ITAR-TASS reported. The Center for Public Ties of the
Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs credited the success of the
operation not only to the professionalism of the law enforcement
agencies but also to the efforts of Deputy Premier Sergei Shakhrai
and the Minister for Nationalities Affairs and Regional Policy
Nikolai Egorov.  Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL, Inc.

MOSCOW-NALCHIK AGREEMENT. On 1 July Yeltsin and the President of
the Kabardino-Balkar Republic, Valerii Kokov, signed a treaty on
the mutual delegation of powers between the organs of state power
of the Russian Federation and the Kabardino-Balkar republic,
ITAR-TASS and Interfax reported. This is the second treaty of this
nature to be signed between Russia and one of its constituent
republics. The first one was signed earlier in the year with
Tatarstan. In the case of Kabardino-Balkaria, however, there has
been no evidence of conflict with Moscow. Indeed, Kokov is
regarded as particularly loyal to Moscow. Yeltsin described the
new treaty as a further step on the path of the development of
federation relations in Russian and the strengthening of its
unity, and expressed the hope that it would strengthen stability
in the whole North Caucasus.  Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL, Inc.

                  TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA

ABKHAZ ROUNDUP. After a first hand evaluation of the Russian
peacekeeping operation in Abkhazia, Russian Foreign Minister
Andrei Kozyrev told Interfax on 1 July that he was confident that
there would be no further war in Abkhazia. Russian and Abkhaz
spokesmen offered conflicting explanations for Kozyrev's failure
to meet as planned with Abkhaz parliament chairman Vladislav
Ardzinba. Confusion likewise surrounds the ongoing return of
Georgian refugees to Abkhazia; on 1 July a spokesman for the UNHCR
in Geneva said that up to 5,000 Georgians had returned over the
previous two days, some of whom had been accused by Abkhaz
officials of carrying weapons. Georgian parliament chairman Eduard
Shevardnadze claimed on 3 July that unspecified obstacles were
being created to the refugees' return; Russian deputy defense
minister Georgii Kondratyev, in charge of the Russian peacekeeping
operation, told Interfax on 4 July that reports that the Russian
forces had allowed 10,000 refugees to return were untrue. After a
brief lull, Georgian forces again opened fire on Abkhaz units in
the Kodori gorge on 4 July, according to Interfax. Meeting in
Tbilisi on 4 July with UN representative Eduard Brunner,
Shevardnadze called for greater UN involvement in the Abkhaz
peacekeeping process; Brunner announced the imminent creation of a
UN fund to aid the return of the refugees, ITAR-TASS reported. AFP
reported on 1 July that four German army officers are to join the
UN military observer contingent currently in Abkhazia.  Liz
Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc.

BAKU METRO BOMB. Seven people were killed and about 30 seriously
injured when a bomb exploded in a Baku metro train during the
morning of 3 July, Russian and Western agencies reported.
Azerbaijan's President Heidar Aliev attributed the bombing to
"forces hostile to Azerbaijan," claiming that "obstacles are being
put up to our movement to independence," according to Interfax.
Twelve people were killed in a similar bombing in March of this
year.  Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc.

ANTI-GOVERNMENT DEMO IN EREVAN. Up to 20,000 people participated
in an anti-government demonstration in Erevan on 1 July convened
by the National-Democratic Union, ITAR-TASS reported. Addressing
the demonstrators, former National Security advisor Ashot
Manucharyan (like President Levon Ter-Petrossyan and NDU chairman
Vazgen Manukyan a founder member of the Karabakh Committee in
1988) accused the Armenian leadership of deliberately imposing a
transport blockade and of condoning political persecution; he
called for the arrest and trial of Ter-Petrossyan and of Minister
of Internal Affairs Vano Siradeghyan (also a former Karabakh
Committee member), with whom he is engaged in a long-running
public feud.  Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc.

PERES IN CENTRAL ASIA. Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres spent
3 and 4 July in Uzbekistan and then visited Turkmenistan on the
highest-level visit by an Israeli official to Central Asia since
the states in the region became independent, Russian and Western
sources reported. Agreements were signed in Tashkent on 4 July
covering air traffic, tourism and mutual protection of
investments, and Peres met with members of the Uzbek Jewish
community in Tashkent. Israel began quietly developing close ties
with the Central Asian states soon after their
independence--Uzbekistan in particular had long admired Israeli
successes in desert agriculture.  Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc.

TAJIK OFFICIALS OPTIMISTIC. Despite the inconclusive end to the
Tehran ceasefire talks between the Tajik government and opposition
on 29 June, Tajik government officials are guardedly optimistic
about the chances for a peaceful resolution of the conflict. The
head of the government's delegation, Labor Minister Shukhurdzhon
Zukhurov, told Interfax on 1 July that the majority of ministers
and the Tajik head of state, Imomali Rakhmonov, believed that the
opposition's demands could be met, albeit not immediately. The
opposition is demanding the freeing of political prisoners and an
amnesty for exiled opposition figures as a precondition for a
ceasefire. Zukhurov called the conditions "difficult but quite
acceptable," and expressed the hope that a ceasefire agreement
could be signed at the next talks, to be held in Islamabad in
August. Interestingly, Zukhurov himself argued that an obstacle to
an immediate amnesty is the government's inability to guarantee
the safety of those involved with the opposition.  Keith Martin,
RFE/RL, Inc.

                               CIS

CIS DEFENSE COOPERATION DISCUSSED. The joint staff for
coordinating military cooperation between the states of the CIS
met on 4 July in Moscow to discuss the prospects for forming a
collective security system and a coalition force within the CIS,
Interfax reported. The news agency quoted the Secretary of the CIS
Council of Defense Ministers, Lt. Gen. Leonid Ivashov, who said
that the participants of the meeting recognized the existence of a
military threat to individual CIS countries and to the CIS as a
whole. Ivashov reportedly introduced a proposal outlining the
creation of a military-political union of CIS countries under a
supra-national joint command which would be subordinated to the
Collective Security Council. Ivashov admitted that there were
obstacles to the formation of such a military union, but
reportedly suggested that closer military integration might be
achieved by signatories to the CIS Collective Security Treaty,
with non-signatories joining on matters of air defense and defense
production.  Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc.

                    CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

PEACE PLAN FOR BOSNIA READY. International media report that
diplomats from the "contact group" representing the US, Russia,
and the EU have finalized arrangements for the
"take-it-or-leave-it" plan they will present to the Serbs, Croats,
and Muslims on 5 July in Geneva. The project reportedly leaves the
Croats and Muslims with 51% of the republic's territory, while the
Serbs, who have conquered 70% of the total, will keep only 49%.
Details have not yet been made public but the 11 July Newsweek
shows a map that would leave the Serbs with their main gains in
eastern Bosnia plus a supply corridor in the north linking Serbia
proper with its conquests in Bosnia and Croatia. Diplomats and
representatives of all three Bosnian factions alike expressed
skepticism as to whether or not anything concrete will come of the
plan. The New York Times quotes a Muslim official as saying:
"we'll sign and then ignore the agreement. That's what everyone
has done in this war so far." Meanwhile in Washington, the VOA
reported on 2 July that a measure was narrowly defeated in the
Senate that would have allowed arms shipments to the Muslims to
enable them to defend themselves. US President Bill Clinton had
opposed the move, saying that negotiations offer the best hope for
peace.  Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc.

SERB OFFENSIVE ROLLS ON. Reuters said on 3 July that Bosnian Serb
forces had broken Muslim pressure in north-central Bosnia and
shored up the Serbia-to-Krajina supply corridor. Serb troops had
also moved into a position to cut Sarajevo's road link to the
Adriatic. On 4 July Serb forces attacked a British post near
Gorazde four times before British reinforcements arrived. In that
same area, the rump-Yugoslav army, and not just Bosnian Serb
forces, had apparently played a key role in the April attack on
the besieged Muslim enclave, Newsday said on 3 July. Finally,
RFE/RL's South Slavic Language Service reported on 4 July that the
UN High Commissioner for Refugees says that armed Croats forcibly
evicted some 80 Muslims from Mostar under often brutal
circumstances recently. Croat spokesmen blamed rogue units for the
incidents in Herzegovina's main city, which is shortly to come
under EU administration for two years. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc.

IS TUDJMAN STILL TRYING TO STRIKE A DEAL WITH MILOSEVIC? Croatia's
permanent envoy to rump Yugoslavia met with Serbian President
Slobodan Milosevic on 30 June, international media report. Reuters
said that nothing of substance was resolved, but the diplomat said
the time was ripe for a meeting of Croatian and Serbian leaders.
Croatian President Franjo Tudjman has long been known to favor
some sort of package-deal solution to the Yugoslav crisis between
himself and the Serbian leader at the expense of other parties.
Milosevic, however, has in the past repeatedly taken Tudjman to
the cleaners and effectively dashed Croatian hopes that the latest
exchange of envoys would give Croatia anything of what it wanted.
Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc.

POLISH SEJM BLOCKS CONCORDAT. The Democratic Left Alliance (SLD)
moved to open warfare with the Church on 1 July when its deputies
voted overwhelmingly in favor of a resolution postponing
ratification of Poland's concordat with the Vatican until after
the new constitution is adopted. The vote to postpone was 201 to
181, Rzeczpospolita reports. The SLD charges that the concordat
gives the Catholic Church a preferential position and violates the
separation of Church and state. In fact, however, the terms of the
concordat largely codify the status quo and describe Church and
state as "independent and autonomous" institutions. The Sejm set
up a special commission to ascertain if the concordat clashes with
the current constitution or other laws. If a constitutional
referendum is not held before the end of 1995, the commission is
required to present the concordat for a final vote. An earlier
motion to reject the concordat out of hand won more support than
anticipated; 111 deputies, mainly from the SLD, voted against
considering the concordat in any form. The formation of the
special commission is legally problematic, as the concordat has
the status of a treaty and the Sejm cannot alter its text.
Speaking for the Freedom Union, former Prime Minister Tadeusz
Mazowiecki criticized the vote as unlawful, as it "makes
ratification dependent on a nonexistent constitution" and
"undermines the state's ability to conclude international
agreements." Cardinal Jozef Glemp charged on 2 July that the Sejm
had "spurned the Pope's outstretched hand." "The Church wants
peace but [it] is not afraid of war," Glemp told Polish TV on 4
July.  Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc.

WALESA VETOES ABORTION AMENDMENT. President Lech Walesa portrayed
the Sejm's decision as a sign of a communist resurgence. "Enough
communism," he commented. On 4 July, Walesa vetoed the
parliament's amended version of the penal code, which would have
legalized abortion in cases of material or personal hardship. "No
economic considerations can legalize an attack on human life," the
president wrote. The Sejm will need a two-thirds majority to
override Walesa's veto; the initial Sejm on 10 June fell short of
this proportion. Walesa hinted on 1 July that he might try "to
abdicate for a day" to avoid signing the bill into law, should the
Sejm override the veto.  Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc.

ALBANIANS BOYCOTT MACEDONIAN PARLIAMENT. The Guardian reported on
4 July that Albanian deputies from the Party of Democratic
Prosperity walked out of the Macedonian legislature to protest the
recent sentencing of 10 Albanians to up to eight years for
allegedly forming paramilitary units to overthrow the government.
The prisoners included prominent politicians from the PDP, which
is part of the delicately balanced governing coalition and which
has 23 seats in the 120-member legislature. It is not clear
whether the PDP simply wants to register a point or whether it
intends to provoke a political crisis.  Patrick Moore, RFE/RL,
Inc.

FORMER ALBANIAN COMMUNIST LEADER GETS NINE YEARS. Reuters reported
from Tirana on 2 July that an Albanian court sentenced Ramiz Alia
to nine years in prison for abuse of power and violation of
citizens' rights. He and other former communist officials have
charged that the trial was politically motivated. Most of the
former leadership under the late Stalinist dictator Enver Hoxha,
including his widow Nexhmije, is also behind bars. Alia was
Hoxha's hand-picked successor.  Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc.

BULGARIAN PARLIAMENT REJECTS USE OF TURKISH IN MILITARY. On 1 July
RFE/RL's Bulgarian Service reported that the Bulgarian parliament
had officially rejected a proposal to allow the use of Turkish as
a second official language in the military. The parliament voted
to recognize Bulgarian as the official language of the armed
forces. Ibrahim Tataroi, parliamentary vice-chairman of the
Movement for Rights and Freedoms, representing the country's
ethnic Turkish minority, reportedly criticized the decision by
calling it potentially detrimental for minority rights. In other
news, Daniel Tarschys, new Secretary-General of the Council of
Europe, arrived in Bulgaria on 2 July for talks with high-level
officials, including President Zhelyu Zhelev and Foreign Minister
Stanislav Daskalov. Tarschys's arrival in Bulgaria marks his first
official visit to a member country as Secretary-General.  Stan
Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc.

ILIESCU SAYS IMPEACHMENT MOVE ILLEGAL. At a press conference on 4
July, Romania's President Ion Iliescu defended his position on the
restitution of nationalized property and said opposition moves to
impeach him have "no legal foundation." Iliescu reiterated the
same points in an address to the joint extraordinary session of
the Romanian parliament's two chambers, which opened on 4 July.
The long statement was read out by Chamber of Deputies Chairman
Adrian Nastase. Iliescu claimed that the opposition had distorted
some of the remarks he made during a visit to Satu Mare, in which
he indicated he opposes the eviction of tenants from houses
nationalized by Communists in the late 1940s and 1950s. He noted
that a law adopted earlier this year specifically protects tenants
from eviction over a five-year period. The opposition accused
Iliescu of violating the constitution by asking public officials
to ignore court decisions returning nationalized property to their
rightful owners.  Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc.

CZECH PRESIDENT IN THE US. On 2 July Vaclav Havel arrived in the
US for a private visit, to receive the Philadelphia Liberty Medal
and meet former President George Bush. International media report
that in his speech at Philadelphia's Independence Hall on 4 July,
Havel warned that fundamental principles of democracy, such as
individual liberty and power based in the people, will mean
nothing unless they are grounded in an awareness of mankind's
place in the universe and a "respect for the miracle of being."
Havel said that the end of the era of rationalism has been
catastrophic. "Armed with the same supermodern weapons and
followed by television cameras, the members of various tribal
cults are at war with each other," Havel added. The only reliable
path to peaceful coexistence must start, according to Havel, "from
what is at the root of all cultures and what lies infinitely
deeper in human hearts and minds than political opinion,
conviction, antipathies and sympathies." In an interview with
Reuters on 3 July, the Czech President warned that populist
leaders, rather than resurgent former communist politicians, are
the main danger to the stability of post-communist Europe.  Jiri
Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc.

HORN ON HUNGARIAN-SLOVAK TREATY. Hungarian Prime Minister
designate Gyula Horn said that his cabinet wants to approach the
issue of the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros power plant without any
prejudices, Nepszabadsag reported on 2 July. Horn stressed that
the environmental issues must remain decisive and a solution must
be worked out at the expert level followed by a political
solution. Horn said that once the power plant issue is settled,
Hungary and Slovakia will be closer to agreement on the issue of
the bilateral friendship treaty. Horn stressed that he will
consult with the leaders of the Hungarian minority living in
Slovakia before submitting the treaty for ratification to the
Hungarian parliament.  Judith Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc.

SLOVAKIA'S TROUBLED DEMOCRATIC PARTY. Three months before the
parliamentary elections, the extraparliamentary Democratic Party
is experiencing turmoil; on 1 July the party's executive council
announced its lack of confidence in Chairman Pavol Hagyari and
challenged him to resign, TASR reported on 3 July. Hagyari
responded by saying that he is accountable only to the party
congress and that he will resign if the congress does not uphold a
motion for the DP's joint candidacy with the Democratic Union of
Slovakia. Cooperation with the DU would guarantee that the DP
would be represented in the parliament and would thus ensure that
the right-of-center vote would not be lost, Hagyari said. He
stated that he preferred the DU's offer to that of the Christian
Democratic Movement and noted that an attempt by the DP to go it
alone in the elections would constitute "an attempt at political
suicide." On 4 July the Party of Entrepreneurs, which had already
agreed to a preelection coalition with the DP, announced it had
decided to halt cooperation with the party until the DP congress
voted on the possibility of a DU-DP coalition. PE Chairman
Vladimir Randa said his party will not accept the DU's offer.
Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc.

SLOVAK PARLIAMENT APPROVES PENSION INCREASE. On 1 July the Slovak
parliament voted to approve a law to raise pensions in 1994 and an
amendment to increase pensions in 1995. The proposals, which were
presented by Labor and Social Affairs Minister Julius Brocka,
reflect the 10% rise in living costs and the 5% rise in average
wages since the last pension increase. The 1994 state budget law
earmarked 1.3 billion koruny for pension increases in case of a
cost-of-living increase. The overall increase in average monthly
pensions in the remaining months of 1994 will be 355 koruny;
pensions will be raised by 7%, and fixed monthly allowances by 54
to 180 koruny. The increase will be funded from the budget of the
National Insurance Company.  Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc.

LATVIA AWAITS CLINTON. In anticipation of the visit of President
Bill Clinton to Riga, Latvian officials are completing the final
preparations for the one-day stay. The presidents of Estonia and
Lithuania arrived in Riga on 5 July in order to take part in
welcoming the US head of state at the Riga airport on 6 July and
to meet with him later. The US and Baltic leaders are expected to
discuss Baltic security and economic issues, as well as relations
with Russia. The Latvian and US presidents are also to sign
several cooperation accords. On the eve of the visit, Clinton
urged Central and Eastern Europe "not to overreact" to worries
about possible threats from Russia. Clinton said, "I believe we
can have a united Europe with a responsible, strong Russia, and we
are going to work for that," Western media reported on 4 July.
Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc.

FBI DIRECTOR IN WARSAW, VILNIUS. After meeting with President Lech
Walesa and other Polish officials, Director Louis Freeh announced
on 1 July that the FBI plans to open an office in Warsaw to fight
the spread of organized crime from Russia, PAP reports. Freeh also
visited the site of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.
From 1-2 July Freeh met in Vilnius with President Algirdas
Brazauskas, Prime Minister Adolfas Slezevicius, the interior
ministers of the three Baltic States as well as other customs and
border protection officials, Radio Lithuania reported on 2 July.
The talks focused on cooperation in fighting organized crime,
drugs, and smuggling.  Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc.

LITHUANIAN PRESIDENT IN MINSK. On 4 July in his weekly interview
over Radio Lithuania, Algirdas Brazauskas discussed his visit to
Minsk for the celebrations of the 50th anniversary of Belarus's
liberation from German occupation. He said that his hour-long
meeting with Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin had been
constructive. The talks focused on the implementation of the
most-favored-nation trade agreement, Russian transit to
Kaliningrad, and ways of easing visas for businessmen. Brazauskas
said that in the soon to be completed draft agreement on transit
Russia will not receive any special conditions and there will be
provisions about Lithuanian cargoes going through Russia.
Brazauskas also had a meeting with Belarus parliament chairman
Mechislau Hryb.  Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc.

CHERNOMYRDIN IN BELARUS. Russian Prime Minister Chernomyrdin
arrived in Minsk on 2 July, Belarusian TV reports. During the
visit Chernomyrdin met with Belarusian Prime Minister Vyacheslau
Kebich and discussed implementing the agreement on monetary union
between Russia and Belarus. According to Chernomyrdin the present
agreement on monetary union needed to be amended. While he did not
specify which points needed changing, Russia is believed to want
to bring the National Bank of Belarus under the control of the
Central Bank of Russia before the accord is approved by the
Russian Duma. Chernomyrdin also attended a ceremony marking the
50th anniversary of the liberation of Belarus from Germany at
which he met briefly with presidential candidate Alyaksandr
Lukashenka.  Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc.

POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN BELARUS. On 1 July Interfax and AFP reported
that a grenade had been thrown at the Belarusian government
secretary for national security, Hendz Danilau. Danilau, a close
associate of Prime Minister Vyacheslau Kebich, was not injured. In
a separate incident, Respublika journalist Alyaksandr Kushner, who
had taken photographs of an attack on presidential candidate
Alyaksandr Lukashenka in June, was reportedly kidnapped and beaten
before being released. The report did not specify whether the
photos depicted the alleged assassination attempt on 16 June, when
shots were supposedly fired at Lukashenka from a passing car, or
the alleged police assault on Lukashenka when he attempted to
enter his offices on 27 June.  Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc.

KRAVCHUK RESHUFFLES UKRAINIAN CABINET. On 1 July Ukrainian TV
reported President Leonid Kravchuk's decree reorganizing the
cabinet. Evhen Marchuk, head of the security services, was named
deputy prime minister; Mykola Shulha was appointed minister of
nationalities and migration, replacing Oleksandr Yemets; and
Volodymyr Maltsev was named health minister in the place of Yurii
Spishenka, who was removed. Deputy prime ministers Volodymyr
Demyanov and Valentyn Landyk were also dismissed in the cabinet
shakeup.  Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc.

[As of 1200 CET]

  Compiled by Stephen Foye and Louisa Vinton
The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research
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Please write to us with any comments, questions or suggestions -- Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole