Being entirely honest with oneself is a good exercise. - Sigmund Freud
RFE/RL Daily Report

No. 117, 22 June 1994

                              RUSSIA

KINKEL ON RUSSIAN G-7 MEMBERSHIP, SECURITY ISSUES. Despite Bonn's
support for Russian integration into the G-7, German Foreign
Minister Klaus Kinkel said on 21 June that opposition from other
G-7 member states and Russia's own economic problems mean that
Moscow is not likely to gain quick admission to the club. Kinkel
spoke after meeting Germany's ambassadors to all the CIS countries;
Reuters reported that Germany is the only country with diplomatic
representation in all the USSR successor states. Kinkel also said
that while Germany wanted closer relations with Russia in all
fields, the two countries continue to have differing views on
several security issues. Specifically, Reuters quoted Kinkel as
saying that Bonn could not accede to Russia's desire for a
recognition of its special interests in the former Soviet Union,
including its objection to the inclusion in NATO of former Soviet
satellite states. He also rejected suggestions that Russia have a
veto power over NATO or WEU decisions and that NATO be subordinated
to the CSCE.  Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc.

SMOOTH SAILING IN BRUSSELS. Reuters reported from Brussels on 21
June that preparations for the 22 June signing by Foreign Minister
Andrei Kozyrev of NATO's Partnership for Peace agreement are
proceeding smoothly. The news agency quoted a NATO Assistant
Secretary-General as saying on 21 June, following talks with
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Vitalii Churkin, that "we have
reached agreement . . . I think we have found a good basis for
future cooperation." Speaking to reporters in Moscow before his
departure for Brussels, Kozyrev was quoted by ITAR-TASS as saying
that after signing the partnership agreement and a bilateral
protocol Russia will be in a position to cooperate on an equal
basis with major European powers. Kozyrev was said to have
categorically denied that Russia wanted special status within the
partnership program. He did say that the separate protocol reflects
Russia's status as a superpower.  Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc.

DISCORDANT VOICES FROM MOSCOW ON NORTH KOREA. AFP on 21 June quoted
the Russian scientist who reportedly designed the North Korean
nuclear reactor at the center of the current international crisis
as charging that South Korea, Japan, and the US had falsely accused
Pyongyang of developing nuclear weapons. Vladislav Kotlov, now a
top expert in the Russian Ministry for Nuclear Power Engineering,
said that the dispute surrounding the nuclear facility was merely a
procedural one related to the inspection regime advocated by the
IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency). He was quoted as saying
that Japan and South Korea, with US backing, were attempting "to
stir unrest . . . to create, bluntly speaking, a scandal and to
provoke problems in the region." Meanwhile, ITAR-TASS quoted
Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev on the same day as saying that
while North Korea may not yet have developed a nuclear weapon, it
apparently could do so in the near future. He warned that Moscow
could not close its eyes to this possibility and suggested that the
US and Russia were now coordinating their actions constructively on
this issue.  Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc.

SHUMEIKO PROPOSES POSTPONING ELECTIONS. The Chairman of the
Federation Council, Vladimir Shumeiko has proposed postponing both
parliamentary and presidential elections now scheduled to be held
in 1995 and 1996, respectively. In an interview with Interfax on 21
June Shumeiko argued that if the elections were not postponed,
politicians would become preoccupied with running for reelection,
rather than "thinking of the country." Under the current
constitution the terms of parliamentarians only last two years
during the "transitional period" rather than four years. Shumeiko
also proposed extending Yeltsin's mandate, although he did not
specify for how long, noting that it would be "useful if [Yeltsin]
serves another term of office." John Lepingwell, RFE/RL, Inc.

REACTIONS TO SHUMEIKO'S PROPOSAL. An RL correspondent in Moscow
asked deputies of the Council of the Federation and the State Duma
on 21 June for their comments on Shumeiko's proposal; most deputies
rejected it. In order to postpone the elections, the Russian
constitution has to be amended. This can be done by a nation-wide
referendum or if two-thirds of the deputies to both chambers of the
parliament vote in favor of the proposal. (Russia still does not
have a new law on referendums.) A member of the YABLOKO faction,
Viktor Sheinis, said that in 1993 the people elected deputies for a
period of only two years and it would be wrong "to change the rules
of the game after the game is over." Sheinis and other deputies
also felt it would be too expensive to hold yet another referendum.
Meanwhile, Yeltsin's aide Georgii Satarov told the RFE/RL
correspondent that when informed of Shumeiko's proposal, the
president spoke against the postponement of the presidential
elections.  Vera Tolz, RFE/RL, Inc.

NEW DEFENSE BUDGET PROPOSAL. Nikolai Gonchar, the chairman of the
Federation Council's budget committee, proposed that the defense
budget be increased by a total of 14.4 trillion rubles over that
proposed by the State Duma, Interfax reported on 21 June. This
increase, when combined with the 3.5 trillion rubles already added
by the Duma, would meet the demands of the military and defense
industry. Some 6.6 trillion rubles of this amount would be met by
"returns from foreign economic activities" and an additional 1.65
trillion from the proceeds of the sale of MiGs to Malaysia, as
proposed by President Yeltsin (see RFE/RL Daily Report of 13 June
1994). However, even with these revenue increases the additional
defense spending, combined with 2 trillion rubles in additional
regional subsidies would push the overall budget to 78.1 trillion
rubles, or some 10.6% of GDP, violating IMF guidelines and
jeopardizing Western financial assistance. John Lepingwell, RFE/RL,
Inc.

RUSSIA AMBIVALENT ON FOREIGN BANKS. Central Bank chairman Viktor
Gerashchenko told Nezavisimaya gazeta on 21 June that foreign banks
operating in Russia should be permitted to control no more than
10-15% of the total capital held by native banks. The authorities
reserve the right to select which Western banks are allowed to
operate in Russia, he added. The presidential decree of 10 June
that lifted restrictions on foreign bank operations applied only to
the six European banks (and the Bank of China) that were licensed
before the November 1993 ban. This concession was apparently
necessary to secure approval for Russia's agreement with the EU,
which President Boris Yeltsin is to sign in Corfu on 24 June. Two
licensed US banks--Chase Manhattan and Citibank--are still barred
from operating with Russian clients, on the grounds that the
parliament has yet to ratify an agreement with the US on investment
protection. The Russian banking lobby argued in an open letter on
16 June that "a wider presence of foreign banks is premature" and
called for a moratorium on new licenses until the start of 1996,
Interfax reports.  Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc.

                                CIS

"DNIESTER," SOUTH OSSETIAN SEPARATIST LEADERS PRESENTED AS EXPERTS
ON RUSSIAN PEACEMAKING. An international conference on peacemaking
in CIS states, organized in Moscow by Russia's State Duma and the
Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Internal Affairs,
jointly with officially approved peace organizations, was addressed
on 21 June by "Dniester republic" president Igor Smirnov and South
Ossetian deputy prime minister Konstantin Pukhaev. Smirnov and
Pukhaev told a large Western audience that Russian peacemaking in
Moldova and Georgia responds to the wishes of the conflicting
parties--which "appreciate Russia's role far more than that of the
UN"--and does not entail any political interference or pressures
upon the parties, ITAR-TASS reported. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc.

BELARUS-RUSSIA TALKS. On 21 June a Belarus parliament delegation
headed by Vyacheslau Kuznyatsou, its first deputy chairman, held
talks in Moscow with State Duma chairman Ivan Rybkin, ITAR-TASS
reported. Rybkin said that it was necessary to work for unified,
standardized legislation for CIS countries to facilitate
integration. He also noted that the Duma last week supported the
idea of a parliamentary meeting of Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine to
discuss the results of the 1991 agreement forming the CIS. He
invited the Belarusians to attend the 5 July session of the Duma
committee for CIS affairs that will discuss this question. The
Belarusians in turn invited Russian parliamentarians to attend the
festivities on 3 July to mark the 50th anniversary of the
liberation of Belarus. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc.

                  TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA

MORE ON ABKHAZ PEACEKEEPING. Following the 21 June vote by the
Russian Federation Council to ratify President Yeltsin's decree on
the deployment of Russian peacekeeping forces along the border
between Abkhazia and the rest of Georgia for a period of six
months, Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev told journalists
that the peacekeeping forces will be deployed only after the area
has been demined, according to Interfax. Interfax also quoted
Deputy Foreign Minister Boris Pastukhov as stating that stabilizing
the situation in the conflict zone is of immense importance to
Russia; he also expressed the hope that the UN, which will send
additional observers to Abkhazia, would formally endorse the
operation, which will cost an estimated 10 to 11 billion rubles.
Also on 21 June, a UN spokeswoman in Geneva told Western agencies
that a further round of UN-sponsored negotiations on a political
settlement of the Abkhaz conflict will open on 30 June.  Liz
Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc.

TAJIK FORCES ATTACK "REBELS". The Tajik Defense Ministry announced
on 21 June that, in joint operations with the ministries of
security and internal affairs, 16 people were killed, 12 of them
allegedly opposition fighters. AFP and ITAR-TASS reported that the
operations took place in the interior of Tajikistan between 7-17
June, in the Garm, Tajikabad and Dzhirgatal regions. Large amounts
of weaponry, including German and British-made ones, were seized,
as well as manuals written in Tajik and Pashtu (an Afghan
language). Tajik and Russian forces have stepped up efforts against
the Afghan-backed rebels since the recent assassinations of ten
Russian officers and of the Tajik deputy defense minister. There
has been no independent confirmation that those killed were indeed
rebels; in the past, the Tajik government has been accused of
killing civilians as reprisals for rebel attacks, and subsequently
claiming that the civilians were opposition fighters.  Keith
Martin, RFE/RL, Inc.

UZBEK DISSIDENTS ARRESTED IN ALMATY. Muhammed Salih, the chairman
of Uzbekistan's banned Erk opposition party, has told Radio
Liberty's Uzbek service that two Erk members were arrested in
Almaty on 17 June by Interior Ministry officials and taken by force
to Tashkent. Salih also said that he had sent a letter to Kazakh
president, Nursultan Nazarbaev, asking for help in securing the
release of Erk members, "political prisoners," currently detained
in Uzbekistan. Nothing is known about the fate of the two
detainees, who were living in Almaty in exile. Uzbek secret police
have in the past kidnapped, or attempted to kidnap, Uzbek
dissidents attending human rights conferences in Bishkek in 1993
and Almaty in May, 1994; Kazakh authorities resolutely rebuffed the
Uzbek secret police during the latter attempt. Uzbekistan's
government has repeatedly been accused by Amnesty International and
Western governments of gross human rights violations.  Keith
Martin, RFE/RL, Inc.

  CORRECTION: "Baltic Sea" should be replaced by
  "Black Sea" throughout the item "United Command
  for Baltic Sea Fleet" in RFE/RL Daily Report of
  21 June.

                    CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

BOSNIAN UPDATE. International media report on 22 June that the
parliaments of Bosnia-Herzegovina and that of its Croat-Muslim
federation are expected to approve a joint government. RFE-RL's
South Slavic Language Service said the previous evening that
Turkish peacekeepers are arriving and will take up positions at
Gornji Vakuf, Zenica, and Maglaj. Meanwhile on the Croatian-Bosnian
frontier, the authorities began allowing Bosnian refugees pushed
out by Serb forces from Banja Luka to enter Croatian territory,
Reuters reports. According to AFP, moreover, refugees are not all
that are crossing that border: a regular flow of weapons purchased
with money from Islamic countries is coming into Bosnia once the
Croats have taken a cut. The Croatian authorities, however, do not
allow heavy weapons to be shipped and make sure that the Muslims do
not get enough arms to change the balance of power on the ground
greatly. Finally in Croatia itself, the parliamentary deadlock
stemming from the split this spring in the ruling party continues.
The Sabor met on 21 June without the opposition, the South Slavic
Service reports.  Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc.

MARJANOVIC ON SERBIA'S ECONOMY. On 22 June Politika reports on an
interview with Serbian Prime Minister Mirko Marjanovic under the
headline: "Budget Balanced, Production Has Increased." Marjanovic,
using the daily as a forum through which to extol the virtues of
the government's performance on the economy, contends that the rump
Yugoslav economy has been reinvigorated, affording buyers such
luxuries as stable prices. In a seeming attempt to assure the
public that current fiscal policies will not plunge the country
back into hyper-inflation, he adds that "the money supply is under
control." Marjanovic's most recent remarks come, however, at a time
when some Western observers have noted that the Serbian economy is
showing signs of unraveling.  Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc.

POLL ON BELARUS PRESIDENTIAL RACE. The Belarus National Sociology
Institute conducted a poll in Minsk on the six candidates for the
presidential elections on 23 June, Interfax reported on 20 June.
Prime Minister Vyacheslau Kebich was leading supported by 31% of
the respondents. The popularity of former chairman of the
parliament anti-corruption commission, Alyaksandr Lukashenka,
declined to 25% due to charges that he might have organized a
fictitious assassination attempt against himself. Former parliament
chairman Stanislau Shushkevich was third, followed by Popular Front
Chairman Zyanon Paznyak, Belarus Communist Party Central Committee
secretary Vasil' Novikau, and Agrarian Party Chairman Alyaksandr
Dubko. None of the candidates is expected to receive a majority of
the votes so that a second round between the top two candidates
will be necessary. The council of monitors under the Central
Election Commission has recommended that the media not publish any
more poll results.  Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc.

POLISH GOVERNMENT DRAGS FEET ON REFORMS. Foreign Minister Andrzej
Olechowski voiced irritation on 21 June after the cabinet failed to
approve guidelines designed to separate political from career posts
in the foreign affairs ministry (MSZ), PAP reports. The guidelines
were meant to protect the MSZ from partisan personnel upheaval with
every change of government. Although Olechowski had already sought
the approval of the president, the Sejm's foreign affairs
commission, and representatives of all major parties, the cabinet
opted to send the guidelines to a commission headed by public
administration chief Michal Strak for further work. Olechowski
called the decision unacceptable; he hinted he will consider
resigning if the guidelines are not adopted by the end of July. The
decision underlines Olechowski's isolation in the two-party
government; no other cabinet member offered him support. The move
coincides with the completion of a report by a coalition-controlled
Sejm subcommittee that catalogues the complaints of the communist
"professionals" who were ousted from the MSZ after Solidarity took
power in 1989. It reportedly includes the charge that the Warsaw
Pact's dissolution was a diplomatic disaster for Poland. At the
same session on 21 June, the Polish cabinet also resolved to oppose
a parliamentary move to create the powiat, an institution meant to
devolve further powers to local communities. The government argued
that the erection of new local structures should not precede the
adoption of a new constitution. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc.

POLISH DIPLOMATIC CHRONICLE. Concluding a two-day visit to Warsaw
on 21 June, OECD Secretary General Jean-Claude Paye told Polish
officials that Poland can expect full membership in the OECD within
the next 18 months. Poland has had working contacts with the OECD
since 1987; it formally applied for membership on 1 February. Irish
President Mary Robinson began a four-day official visit on 21 June,
PAP reports. President Lech Walesa urged Ireland to support
Poland's more rapid integration with the EU. Also on 21 June,
Spanish Defense Minister Julian Garcia Vargas signed a defense
cooperation agreement with his Polish counterpart, Piotr
Kolodziejczyk. Poland has signed 20 such bilateral military
cooperation agreements since 1991. Kolodziejczyk told reporters
that Vargas' visit had special significance because Spain has
completed a path that Poland wishes to follow. Finally, visiting
Russian parliamentarian and Yeltsin ally Sergei Stankevich welcomed
what he claimed is a new stress on an "active Eastern policy" by
the current Polish government. Joining NATO is up to Poland,
Stankevich said, but Russia wants internal changes before the
alliance undertakes "geographic expansion." Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL,
Inc.

CENTRAL EUROPEAN MINISTERS TO MEET IN WARSAW. Olechowski also
announced that he and US Secretary of State Warren Christopher had
jointly invited the foreign ministers of Albania, Bulgaria, the
Czech Republic, Hungary, Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia
to attend a meeting in Warsaw on 7 July, PAP reports. The session
will discuss regional security and relations with NATO as well as
US aid and investment in the region. US President Bill Clinton is
to visit Poland on 6-7 July, on his way from the Baltic States to
the G-7 meeting in Naples.  Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc.

HUNGARIAN PARTIES AGREE ON PARLIAMENTARY POSTS. After almost two
weeks of negotiations, the six parliamentary parties agreed on 21
June on the distribution of posts in parliament, MTI reports. Under
the agreement, there will be one chairman of parliament, three
deputy chairmen, eight clerks, and 17 committees. The opposition
parties will chair the budget, national security, local government,
employment, and European integration committees, and will be
represented on the staff of all committees. The Alliance of Free
Democrats, the likely partner in the coalition government, will
head the constitutional, foreign policy, and national defense
committees. The largest party, the Hungarian Socialist Party, will
chair the rest of the committees and will also fill the post of
chairman of parliament. The formal agreement on the distribution of
posts is expected to be signed on 23 June by the parties' faction
leaders.  Edith Oltay, RFE/RL, Inc.

HUNGARIAN AND SLOVAK PRESIDENTS IN US. On 21 June Arpad Goncz and
his Slovak counterpart Michal Kovac met jointly with US President
Bill Clinton, Western media report. Clinton praised the Hungarian
and Slovak peoples for their steadfastness, "even in the face of
great difficulty" and congratulated the two presidents for their
"genuine leadership ability." Following the meeting, Goncz and
Kovac issued a joint statement in which they pledged to work
together "to effect a historic reconciliation" between their
countries. In the statement, the two presidents stressed that they
support minority rights for ethnic Hungarians in Slovakia and for
ethnic Slovaks in Hungary. Goncz said that the new Hungarian
government will make it a top priority to conclude a basic treaty
with Slovakia. Goncz and Kovac are to receive a joint award on 22
June from the Institute for East-West Studies for their efforts to
overcome historical differences between Slovakia and Hungary. Edith
Oltay, RFE/RL, Inc.

CZECH GDP GROWS. Speaking to journalists in Prague on 21 June,
Premier Vaclav Klaus announced that the Czech Republic's gross
domestic product grew by 3.5% in the first three months of 1994.
Klaus called the development "a breakthrough." Economy Minister
Karel Dyba said that GDP grew mainly owing to expanding trade and
services as well as growth of the construction industry.  Jiri
Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc.

CZECHS, SWEDES SIGN MILITARY COOPERATION AGREEMENT. Czech Defense
Minister Antonin Baudys and his Swedish counterpart, Anders
Bjoerck, signed a memorandum of understanding for military
cooperation on 21 June. Baudys is leading a delegation of Czech
army officers in Stockholm. CTK and international media reported
the story.  Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc.

SLOVAKIA, FRANCE SIGN MILITARY COOPERATION AGREEMENT. On 21 June
Slovak Defense Minister Pavol Kanis and French Defense Minister
Francois Leotard, meeting in Paris, signed a military cooperation
agreement. A spokesman for the French defense ministry told the
media that the document places French military relations with
Slovakia on the same level as those with the Czech Republic. The
agreement does not mention joint French-Slovak exercises but the
ministers agreed that a specialist from French defense ministry
will visit Bratislava next month to start preparations for holding
the exercises next year.  Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc.

BULGARIA, US SIGN NUCLEAR ENERGY DEAL. A bilateral agreement making
US nuclear technology available to Bulgaria was signed on 21 June.
BTA quotes Bulgarian officials as saying that the deal is the
result of two years of cooperation between US and Bulgarian nuclear
energy specialists, and lays the foundation for further development
in that direction. It covers both research projects and practical
work in the fields of nuclear safety and radiation protection. The
agreement was signed in Sofia by US Ambassador William Montgomery
and the chairman of the Committee for the Use of Atomic Energy for
Peaceful Purposes, Yanko Yanev.  Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc.

HAVEL IN ROMANIA. Czech Republic President Vaclav Havel started on
21 June a two-day state visit to Romania, Radio Bucharest reports.
He is accompanied by a high-ranking delegation, including
privatization minister Jiri Skalicky. Havel, who is on his first
visit ever to Romania, talked with President Ion Iliescu, Premier
Nicolae Vacaroiu and other senior officials about promoting
economic and other relations. The two presidents are scheduled to
sign a bilateral friendship and cooperation treaty that had been
initialed last year. Havel will also meet members of Romania's
small ethnic Czech community.  Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc.

BLACK SEA PARLIAMENTARY MEETING IN BUCHAREST. The Parliamentary
Assembly for Economic Cooperation among Black Sea States opened its
third conference in Bucharest on 21 June. The meeting is attended
by delegations from Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova,
Romania, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine, as well as by observers from
Bulgaria and Greece. The delegations are headed by parliament's
presidents or vice-presidents from the member states. In an
interview with Radio Bucharest, the chairman of Romania's Chamber
of Deputies Adrian Nastase described the conference as the "most
important parliamentary meeting in Bucharest since the 1989
[events]." The meeting will focus on economic, trade technological
and environmental cooperation.  Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc.

ROMANIAN SHIPBUILDERS END STRIKE. Romanian shipbuilders in the
Black Sea port of Constanta ended a one-day strike after winning
pay concessions from their state-run company. Radio Bucharest
reported that salaries will increase by 35% in June and 75% in July
as against May. Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc.

ROMANIA IN DISPUTE WITH RUSSIA OVER THIRD PARTIES' TERRITORIES?
Russian State Duma Vice-Chairman Valentin Kovalev (Communist Party
of the Russian Federation) told ITAR-TASS in Bucharest after talks
with Romanian parliamentary leaders on 21 June that
"Romanian-Russian disputes are not insoluble or clashing," but are
"extremely complicated." He listed "the territorial issue of
Bessarabia and Bukovina, Moldova's place in the world community,
the question of [Russia's] 14th Army stationed in Moldova, and the
assessment of the Ribbentrop-Molotov pact." While acknowledging
Bucharest's "comradely disposition, understanding of the complexity
of these differences, and wish to resolve them in a constructive
and non-confrontational manner," Kovalev said that "no significant
progress has been made toward settling them." The territorial
issues cited by Kovalev are being regularly raised by Bucharest
with Russia under the rubric of "reversing the consequences of the
Ribbentrop-Molotov pact," notwithstanding that the territories lost
at that time by Romania to the USSR are now in Moldova and Ukraine.
Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc.

ALBANIAN PROSECUTOR SEEKS 10 YEARS JAIL FOR RAMIZ ALIA. At the end
of the month-long trial of former Albanian President Ramiz Alia,
the state prosecutor urged the court to sentence Alia to 10 years
imprisonment, Reuters reported on 18 June. The last communist
Albanian president was charged with abuse of power and
misappropriation of state funds, a charge that was later changed to
one of violation of citizens' rights. Alia accused the government
of current President Sali Berisha of putting him on trial for
political purposes. He challenged the court to have the entire
proceedings broadcast live on television, but was turned down. For
nine other ex-communist officials, including former Prime Minister
Adil Carcani and his deputy Manush Myftiu, the prosecutor called
for penalties between three and ten years, Gazeta Shqiptare
reported the same day.  Fabian Schmidt, RFE/RL, Inc.

GAY RIGHTS GROUP SET UP IN ALBANIA. The 18 June issue of Balkan
News International reports that The Gay Albania Society has been
launched under the motto: "Albania- the only country in Europe
without a gay organization. No longer." The group will oppose not
only the deeply-rooted prejudice typical of all "macho" Balkan
societies but also the communist-era anti-gay laws still on the
books. As is the case with a similar organization in Croatia, the
group appears to be taking a low-profile, even timid, approach.
Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc.

YELTSIN SIGNS DECREE ON ESTONIAN-RUSSIAN BORDER. On 21 June Russia'
s President Yeltsin signed a decree "On the Demarcation of the
Border between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Estonia,"
BNS reported. The decree was purportedly issued to protect Russia's
political and economic interests and ensure legal conditions to
defend its border with Estonia. More importantly, however, it
directs Russian authorities to mark unilaterally that border by 31
December 1994 as it was at the time of Moscow's recognition of
Estonian sovereignty on 24 August 1991; it will remain in force
until an appropriate bilateral agreement is signed. After World War
II some Estonian territory was annexed by the RSFSR without the
acquiescence of Estonia. Tallinn has heretofore insisted that any
negotiations on borders must start with Moscow's recognition of the
Tartu Peace Treaty of 1920 which defined the borders between
Estonia and Soviet Russia. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc.

LAW ON CITIZENSHIP PASSED IN LATVIA. The Saeima adopted the law on
citizenship and naturalization with a vote of 66-11-3 for the draft
law that the deputies had already endorsed in its second reading on
9 June. While there were proposals to eliminate naturalization
quotas entirely, as suggested by the Council of Europe, CSCE
specialists, and Latvia's State Minister for Human Rights Olafs
Bruvers, the majority of the lawmakers rejected these suggestions.
It is widely believed that this law could hamper Latvia's quick
admission to the Council of Europe. Those favoring a less
restrictive law hope that President Guntis Ulmanis will not endorse
the law and send it back to the Saeima for reconsideration, Diena
reported.  Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc.

ESTONIAN BUDGET SURPLUS. On 21 June Finance Minister Heiki Kranich
told parliament about revenues collected in the first five months,
BNS reports. Collected revenues amounted to 47.5% of planned annual
revenues, or higher than the expected 41%. The higher revenues were
primarily due to collecting 55.9% of planned annual revenues from
sales tax. Income from individual, excise, and corporate taxes were
43.4%, 41.4%, and 40.4% of planned annual totals, respectively.
Only 4.6% of annual revenue from land tax was collected, causing
problems for many local governments since 10% of their incomes were
to come from the land tax. The government accordingly appropriated
1.2 million kroons to pay for sending land tax notices by
registered mail.  Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc.

  [As of 1200 CET]
  Compiled by Liz Fuller and Patrick Moore
The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research
Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.)
with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs
Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to
RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU.  This report is also
available by postal mail, as are the other publications of the
Institute, and by fax.  RFE/RL NEWS BRIEFS, an edited compendium
of items first published in the Daily Report, is distributed
along with the RFE/RL RESEARCH REPORT, a weekly journal
providing topical analyses of political, economic and security
developments throughout the Institute's area of interest.
Longer analyses are available in a monograph series, RFE/RL
STUDIES, and brief analytic summaries appear monthly in the
RESEARCH BULLETIN.

Requests for permission to reprint or retransmit this material
should be addressed to PD@RFERL.ORG and will generally be
granted on the condition that the material is clearly attributed
to the RFE/RL DAILY REPORT. Inquiries about specific news items
or subscriptions to RFE/RL publications should be directed as
follows (please include your full postal address when inquiring
about subscriptions):

In North America:

Mr. Brian Reed
RFE/RL, Inc.
1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907
Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783
Internet: RI-DC@RFERL.ORG

Elsewhere:

Ms. Helga Hofer
Publications Department
RFE/RL Research Institute
Oettingenstrasse 67
80538 Munich
Germany
Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2632
Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648
Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG

Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.


[English] [Russian TRANS | KOI8 | ALT | WIN | MAC | ISO5]

F&P Home ° Comments ° Guestbook


1996 Friends and Partners
Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole
Please visit the Russian and American mirror sites of Friends and Partners.
Updated: 1998-11-

Please write to us with your comments and suggestions.

F&P Quick Search
Main Sections
Home
Bulletin Board
Chat Room
F&P Listserver

RFE/RL
1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
Search

News
News From Russia/NIS
News About Russia/NIS
Newspapers & Magazines
Global News
Weather

©1996 Friends and Partners
Please write to us with any comments, questions or suggestions -- Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole