|Be willing to have it so; acceptance of what has happened is the first step to overcoming the consequences of any misfortune. - William James|
No. 115, 20 June 1994
RUSSIA MOSCOW ANNOUNCES IT WILL SIGN NATO PARTNERSHIP. NATO officials announced on 17 June that Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev was expected to sign the NATO Partnership for Peace accord in Brussels on 22 June, Western agencies reported. Although the announcement suggested that the two sides had overcome differences that were apparent at a recent NATO meeting in Istanbul, the same sources suggested that tensions remained over the conditions to be contained in a separate agreement regulating bilateral relations between NATO and Russia. AFP, quoting Western experts, noted on 17 June that Russia's willingness to sign the partnership agreement after months of hesitation may signal that the Russian military leadership had decided it has more to gain by joining the plan than by opposing it. On 18 June Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Vitalii Churkin met with senior NATO officials in Brussels, Reuters reported; the two sides were said to have proclaimed that efforts at cooperation were back on track. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. YELTSIN CANCELS MEETING WITH VIETNAMESE PRIME MINISTER. In what Reuters described as a clear sign of Vietnam's diminishing importance to Russia, Boris Yeltsin on 17 June canceled a planned meeting with visiting Vietnamese Prime Minister Vo Van Kiet. A senior Kremlin official was quoted as saying that Yeltsin was "busy with urgent state affairs" and that the cancellation was not the result of political tensions. Whatever the reasons for the cancellation, most sources in Moscow continued to present Kiet's visit, which resulted in the signing of a cooperation treaty, as a successful one. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. DUMA FAILS TO TAKE ACTION ON YELTSIN'S CRIME DECREE. The State Duma failed on 17 June to take a vote on President Yeltsin's recent decree on fighting organized crime. The decree, which gives law enforcement organs powers beyond those stipulated in existing legislation, has been criticized by the majority of the Duma factions. On 17 June after several hours of debate, the Duma ran out of time before taking a vote on the decree, Interfax reported. The Duma Committee on Security drafted a resolution which calls for Yeltsin to suspend his decree because it violates the constitution and the criminal code. The Duma is expected to review the decree again this week. Vera Tolz, RFE/RL, Inc. KOZYREV DEFENDS SANCTIONS AGAINST NORTH KOREA. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev told the State Duma on 17 June that Moscow would support the imposition of sanctions by the international community against North Korea if Pyongyang creates a "precedent of destruction of the international system of nuclear non-proliferation." AFP quoted Kozyrev as saying that allowing North Korea to violate these international accords would make it "impossible to forbid dozens of other states who are on the point of developing a nuclear capacity to do the same thing." Kozyrev called for sanctions to be applied "in stages, starting with the softest measures," and suggested that a failure by Pyongyang to comply could result in "the most extreme measures" being taken. According to AFP, Kozyrev made no mention of Russia's desire that an international conference on Korea be held in tandem with the imposition of sanctions. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. IZVESTIYA INTERVIEW. Although Kozyrev did once again raise the idea of a conference in an 18 June interview published by Izvestiya, his most recent remarks appeared to signal that, for the time being at least, Moscow has decided to coordinate its position with Washington. In the interview Kozyrev spoke of a "pro-North Korean lobby" in the Duma comprised, he said, of "ultranationalists and a certain section of the communists and agrarians." He argued that by supporting North Korea on this issue, these forces were in fact threatening to undermine the nuclear non-proliferation regime in a fashion that could have dire consequences for Russia insofar as it could lead to the formation of a "nuclear belt along Russia's southern borders by the end of this millennium." It is perhaps worth noting that Kozyrev's remarks come only days after an announcement that Russian experts would help Iran complete its Bushehr nuclear plant, a development worrying to many in the West because of fears that Iran is attempting to develop nuclear weapons; the Soviet Union provided expertise for the development of North Korea's nuclear industry. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. ENERGY MINISTER ON SANCTIONS, NUCLEAR PROGRAM. Moscow continues to speak with many voices, however. In an interview with Japanese TV on 17 June, Russia's Minister of Atomic Energy, Viktor Mikhailov, criticized efforts to impose sanctions on North Korea because, he said, they would lead to the isolation of Pyongyang. Mikhailov also said that the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) was making excessive demands on North Korea, and he expressed his belief that North Korea was more than ten years away from acquiring nuclear weapons. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIA IN FAVOR OF LIFTING IRAQ SANCTIONS? A report in Komsomolskaya pravda on 18 June suggests that the Russian foreign ministry is leaning towards lifting the current UN sanctions against Iraq. The paper claims that the foreign ministry is in favor of a six-month "trial period" during which sanctions would be suspended, and if successful they could be permanently lifted. The suggestion for a six-month trial period is not new, however. On 25 March, a foreign ministry official informed Interfax of such a plan, noting that one condition for the lifting of sanctions would be Iraq's recognition of Kuwait's current borders. Russia has also been pushing for UN approval to deliver humanitarian aid to Iraq, most notably equipment for a power station currently waiting at dockside in Jordan, and resuming the substantial trade with Iraq that existed before sanctions were imposed. John Lepingwell, RFE/RL, Inc. MORE DEFENSE INDUSTRY CUTS TO COME? ITAR-TASS reported on 18 June that Minister of the Economy Aleksandr Shokhin has announced that a new package of presidential decrees will include a "dramatic reduction of mobilization plans and reserve capacities" in the defense industry. While defense orders have plunged in recent years, the defense industry has not reduced employment accordingly, hence the new decree may be a move to shut down idle production lines and fire workers. If implemented, such a move could drive unemployment up rapidly, particularly in areas with heavy defense industry concentrations. In related news, Interfax reports that the State Duma will consider the budget for the last time on 22 June. Izvestiya on 16 June published figures showing that the current (relatively tight) budget has received the most votes in favor from the relatively conservative Agrarian Party, Russian Communist Party, Liberal Democratic Party, and the least from the democratically oriented bloc of Russia's Choice and YABLOKO, which have called for deeper spending cuts. John Lepingwell, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIAN JOURNALISTS DRAFT ETHICS CODE. A congress of the Union of Russian Journalists is expected to adopt a newly drafted ethics code for journalists on 21 June, ITAR-TASS reported on 19 June. Among other things, the code discourages reporters from accepting bribes for writing stories favorable to politicians or companies. For instance, during the 1993 parliamentary election campaign, the Russian media reported instances when journalists were approached by electoral candidates with offers of high fees for articles favorable towards those making the offers or against their competitors. The new code also stresses the need clearly to distinguish facts from opinion, and proposes that the press withhold the names of crime victims and witnesses. ITAR-TASS quoted a spokesman for the Union of Journalists as saying that "signing the code would mean voluntarily assuming serious responsibilities, and a readiness to make the activities of the Russian press more civilized." Vera Tolz, RFE/RL, Inc. BALKARS WANT OWN REPUBLIC. A conference of Balkar elders has called on Russia to allow the National Council of the Balkar People to sign the federal treaty on behalf of the Balkars, Interfax reported on 19 June. Khadis Dinaev, a council member, told Interfax that if this request was rejected, the Balkar people would regard the treaty as null and void on its soil. The conference also called on the forthcoming congress of the Balkar people to work for a federal Kabardino-Balkaria consisting of a Kabardin and a Balkar republic. If the leadership of the Kabardino-Balkar republic rejected this idea, the conference said, then Balkaria should become a constituent part of the Russian Federation in its own right, as the first congress of the Balkar people had demanded. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL, Inc. BURYAT ELECTIONS INCONCLUSIVE. None of the four candidates for the post of first president of Buryatia received the necessary number of votes in the elections on 16 June, Interfax reported on 17 June citing the republic's electoral commission. A second round will therefore be necessary between the two most successful candidates--Leonid Potapov, the chairman of the Buryat Supreme Soviet, who received 46 percent of the votes, and Aleksandr Ivanov, the chairman of the State Committee for the Economy. In the simultaneous elections to the new Buryat parliament, the Popular Khural, candidates were elected in only 9 of the 65 constituencies. The date for the repeat elections has not yet been set. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA RUSSIANS LEAVING TAJIKISTAN. Approximately 2,000 people, overwhelmingly Russians and other Slavs, are emigrating from Tajikistan each month, Radio Rossii reported on 17 June, citing official statistics. Altogether, only 120,000 Slavs remain in the republic, including not more than 80,000 Russians; before the Soviet Union's collapse and the civil war in Tajikistan, over 600,000 Russians lived in the republic, many occupying key positions in ministries and industry. The exodus continues despite numerous concessions to Russian-speakers made by the Tajik government, such as offering them dual citizenship; most Russians apparently find the political situation too tense and economic prospects too bleak to stay. Radio Rossii's report did not specify if the figure for Russians remaining in Tajikistan includes Russian servicemen stationed in the republic, said to number over 20,000. Keith Martin, RFE/RL, Inc. ARMENIA TO FACILITATE FOREIGN INVESTMENT. In a clear attempt to overcome chronic economic stagnation, the Armenian parliament is considering a new foreign investment law liberalizing conditions for foreign investors, the Journal of Commerce reported on 17 June. Under the new legislation, foreigners may invest in either drams or foreign currency, in cash, real estate or other property, stock, debentures or other securities. Such investment will not be subject to confiscation or nationalization except under conditions of force majeur. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE A WEEKEND OF FIGHTING IN BOSNIA. International media reported over the weekend of 17-19 June that fighting between Bosnian government troops and those of local potentate Fikret Abdic intensified in the Bihac area of northwestern Bosnia. Serb and Muslim forces, moreover, engaged in an artillery slugging match at Doboj and Gradacac in north-central Bosnia. Both towns were mainly Muslim before the Serbs launched their war in 1992, taking and "ethnically cleansing" Doboj in the process. Gradacac, however, has been defended by joint Croat-Muslim forces despite the war between those two sides in 1993 and has withstood a Serb siege lasting two years. Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic characteristically blamed the Muslims for the fighting and warned them that the Serbs might launch a "counter-offensive" in the Ozren area southeast of Doboj. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. CONTACT GROUP NEGOTIATES, TURKS DEPLOY. Meanwhile on the diplomatic front, US envoy Charles Redman discussed the international "contact group's" proposal for the embattled republic with its president, Alija Izetbegovic, and his Croatian counterpart, Franjo Tudjman. The latter said that the plan was the best one on offer, while Bosnia's ambassador to Switzerland noted that his country's parliament will probably endorse it on 22 June. Rump Yugoslav Foreign Minister Vladislav Jovanovic, however, said that the mediators were trying to "punish the Serbs." Reuters carried the stories on 18 and 19 June. Finally, on 18 June 250 Turkish soldiers left Istanbul on two ships for Bosnia, where they will be joined by airborne forces. Muslim and Croat officials have welcomed the idea of stationing Turkish troops near their forces, who will, in any event, kept well away from Serbian troops. Serbia and Turkey are historical enemies, and Serb commanders have repeatedly warned of real trouble if the two sides come in contact. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. SERBIA UPDATE. On 18 June international media reported that rump Yugoslavia's National Bank plans to issue a limited number of gold coins, or "gold dinars", pegged to the value of the precious metal on the world market. Bank governor Dragoslav Avramovic has said that Belgrade will guarantee a minimum exchange rate, and announced that the first coins would be used to buy surplus grain from Serbia's farmers. In other news, on 19 June Reuters reported that a high level Serbian delegation, headed by Deputy Foreign Minister Radoslav Bulajic, is in Iraq to discuss prospects for bilateral trade when international sanctions are lifted against the two pariah states. Finally, on 20 June Politika runs an interview with Mira Markovic, wife of Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic and Serbian communist party leader, in which she propagates her controversial vision of Balkan unity. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. LILIC FAILS TO GET VISA. On 17 June Politika reported on rump Yugoslav President Zoran Lilic's failure to get a visa from Swiss authorities to attend the Crans-Montana forum on economic and political questions. It ran the headline: "An Act of Discrimination of the Highest Order." Belgrade authorities have condemned the Swiss government's denial of the visa, and the entire rump Yugoslav delegation planning to attend the meetings has canceled its trip in protest, Tanjug reports. Sources for the Swiss government, however, point out that the denial of the visa was in keeping with the intent of the UN-imposed sanctions against rump Yugoslavia for its role in fomenting the Bosnian war. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRIST COALITION IN SLOVAKIA. Slovak media reported on 18 June that the leadership of the National Democratic Party had decided that the party leaders will run on the ticket of Prime Minister Jozef Moravcik's Democratic Union in the fall elections. NDP chairman Ludovit Cernak told CTK that his party had been weighing offers from the DU and the right-of-center Christian Democratic Movement to run on their tickets but decided for the DU because "the main priority of his party is to create a centrist bloc." Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. CZECH, SLOVAK PREMIERS MEET. Meeting at the economic forum in Crans-Montana, Switzerland, on 18 June, Czech Premier Vaclav Klaus and his Slovak counterpart, Jozef Moravcik, discussed bilateral relations, agreeing that the two countries must preserve the Czech-Slovak customs union, CTK reported. In his speech at the forum, Moravcik said that positive changes had occurred in the Slovak economy since his government took over in March. He said that the unemployment rate was 14.4% and the annual inflation rate 23.5% at the end of 1993. Austria was the biggest foreign investor in Slovakia, with 23%, followed by Germany, with 21%, and the Czech Republic with 13%. Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. CZECH EXPERTS TO HELP MOLDOVA AND GEORGIA. A CTK report of 19 June quoted Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus as saying that his country will send a mission of experts to Moldova and Georgia, which have asked for Czech assistance in carrying out economic reform. Speaking to journalists in Crans-Montana, Klaus said that he also held bilateral talks with representatives from Armenia and Belarus and they too were interested in the Czech economic model. According to Czech Economics Minister Karel Dyba, Ukraine also showed interest in cooperation with the Czech Republic, but he added that "caution is necessary because the situation in Ukraine is not sufficiently transparent for interesting projects to be realized there." Jan Obrman, RFE/RL, Inc. COUNCIL OF EUROPE ASSEMBLY PRESIDENT IN PRAGUE. The President of the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly, Miguel Martinez, arrived in Prague for a three-day official visit to the Czech Republic, CTK reported on 19 June. Martinez is scheduled to meet with Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus, Deputy Foreign Minister Pavel Bratinka, and Parliament Chairman Milan Uhde. He will also hold a lecture at Prague's Charles University about the Council of Europe's role in new European structures. Jan Obrman, RFE/RL, Inc. CZECHS DENY BEING WORLD'S SIXTH-BIGGEST ARMS EXPORTER. Kamil Cermak, spokesman for the Czech Ministry of Trade and Industry, disputed a report of the Stockholm-based International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) claiming that the Czech Republic is the world's sixth-biggest arms exporter, AFP reported on 18 June. He said his ministry has contacted the institute demanding an explanation and that the information be rectified. Cermak said that in 1993 Czech arms sales totaled $167 million, while SIPRI gave them as $484 million. In another development, Defense Minister Antonin Baudys arrived in Stockholm at the head of a Czech Army delegation, CTK reported on 19 June. Baudys is to hold talks with his Swedish counterpart and foreign ministry officials, and sign a memorandum of understanding. They will also discuss plans for a joint military exercise. Also on 19 June, Army General Staff Chief General Jiri Nekvasil left for a visit to the United States. Jan Obrman, RFE/RL, Inc. ILIESCU PROMULGATES LAW ON RADIO, TV. Radio Bucharest reported on 17 June that President Ion Iliescu promulgated the Law on the Organization and Functioning of the Romanian Societies of Radio and Television. Iliescu signed the document less than two hours after it was adopted by the two chambers of the parliament in a joint session. The law, which was the object of heated debates in parliament over several months, provides for parliamentary control over national radio and TV programs. Its adoption was welcomed by Eugen Preda, director of the Romanian Radio Society and by Dumitru Iuga, the leader of the Free Radio and TV Trade Union, who decided to break a 26-day-old hunger strike protesting the delay in passing the law. Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIA, US SIGN COOPERATION MEMORANDUM. The United States and Romania on 16 June signed a memorandum in Washington on future cooperation on defense and military issues. The document, which was described as "non-binding" by the US Department of Defense, was signed by Romanian Defense Minister Gheorghe Tinca and US Deputy Secretary of Defense John Deutch. who stood in for Defense Secretary William Perry. An RFE/RL correspondent in Washington quoted a spokeswoman for the Defense Department as saying that the memorandum "will set the stage for future military-to-military cooperation." Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. MARTINEZ IN ROMANIA. From 17 to 19 June, Miguel Angel Martinez, the chairman of the Council of Europe's Parliamentary Assembly, paid an official visit to Romania. On 17 June Radio Bucharest broadcast live the address delivered by Martinez to a joint session of the two houses of the Romanian parliament. Martinez, who met with President Iliescu, Premier Nicolae Vacaroiu and other high-ranking Romanian officials, suggested that he was seeking first-hand information on the situation in Romania. In May Romania rejected a report by the Council of Europe criticizing the country's treatment of ethnic minorities. Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. LOW TURNOUT IN POLISH LOCAL ELECTIONS. Only 20-30% of eligible voters cast ballots in Poland's local government elections on 19 June, according to initial polling data. These were Poland's first local elections since May 1990, when Solidarity citizens' committees won control of most city and village councils. This time around the "postcommunist" ruling coalition has hopes of extending its political dominance to the local level, with the Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) taking the cities and the Polish Peasant Party (PSL), the rural districts. Official results are not expected until the end of the week. Fragmentary returns suggest that while the SLD is doing well in urban areas, right-wing coalitions are also making a respectable showing, especially considering their disgrace in the 1993 Sejm elections. Of 80 city council seats in Lodz, for example, the SLD took 36, a right-wing coalition, 23, and a centrist coalition led by the Freedom Union (UW), 17. Turnout in Lodz was 25%. In Warsaw, polling data showed the UW leading slightly, with 21% of the vote, followed by an SLD-PSL coalition, with 19%, and two right-wing coalitions, with 14% and 7%, respectively. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. POLISH BISHOPS BLAST RULING COALITION. In a harsh statement issued on the eve of the local government elections, the Polish Bishops' Conference on 18 June condemned the ruling coalition for allegedly reverting to communist methods, PAP reports. The bishops argued that "postcommunist forces" and "various lay groups" are deliberately delaying ratification of the concordat with the Vatican because they are unwilling to accept the Church as an autonomous and independent force. This approach, the bishops argued, reflects "the sad legacy of communist mentality and of the totalitarian state." The episcopate also castigated the Sejm for adopting liberal abortion provisions, arguing that no believer should heed, support, or obey such "immoral legislation." The bishops accused the ruling coalition of doing battle with "Christian values" rather than fighting widespread poverty. Gdansk Archbishop Tadeusz Goclowski told PAP that the sharp statement was meant as a "dramatic response" to the Sejm's abortion vote, which he called a "provocation in the face of the nation." Sejm Speaker Jozef Oleksy (SLD) criticized the bishops' statement as "inappropriate." Opinion polls have shown consistently that a substantial majority of Poles favors largely unrestricted access to abortion. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. CULTURE MINISTER SNUBS WALESA. Polish Culture Minister Kazimierz Dejmek refused to attend a meeting of the President's Council for Culture on 16 June, PAP reports. The presidential council, which has a purely advisory function, was planning to discuss a document criticizing the current government's cultural policy. Dejmek, a representative of the pre-1989 cultural establishment, has made several controversial funding decisions that have revived the old animosities within the creative professions. At the meeting President Lech Walesa complained that the council was not performing the "inspiring" role he had expected of it. Chairman Andrzej Wajda and his deputy Andrzej Sicinski submitted their resignations. Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNGARIAN COALITION AGREEMENT ON ECONOMIC PROGRAM. Hungarian Socialist Party economist Laszlo Bekesi and Alliance of Free Democrats economic expert Marton Tardos told MTI on 17 June that representatives of their parties have reached agreement on economic policy. Bekesi and Marton head a special economic committee which has the task of preparing the way for the coalition. The economic agreement, outlined in a 20-page document, lays emphasis on investment, accumulation of capital, and savings. It regards the reduction of the state budget deficit as a priority and wants to achieve this mainly through the reduction of expenditures. The agreement envisions an increase in consumer taxes, and seeks to stimulate investment through tax exemptions. Bekesi characterized that one-week talks as very "thorough and very effective," and expressed the hope that the agreement, will serve as the basis of the coalition government's economic policy. Edith Oltay, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNGARIAN SOCIALISTS MEET WITH 1956 VETERANS. The acting parliamentary faction leader of the Hungarian Socialist Party, Zoltan Gal, met on 17 June with representatives of organizations representing 1956 revolutionaries. Conveying a message from HSP party leader and prime minister designate Gyula Horn, Gal told the representatives that the HSP has a lot of "empathy" for those who participated in the 1956 revolution and the new government will do everything in its power to help alleviate the veterans' financial problems. Gal said that the meeting was necessary because the HSP's views of 1956 were misrepresented during the election campaign, and some 1956 organizations were concerned about the party's stance. He stressed the need for national reconciliation, and reiterated that there will be no restoration of the old regime in Hungary. One 1956 representative said that the veterans expected a public apology from Horn, while others were of the opinion that the fact that Horn had laid a wreath at a memorial to the uprising's victims on 16 June spoke for itself. Horn had been a member of the pro-Soviet militia that helped to defeat the uprising and restore communism in Hungary. Edith Oltay, RFE/RL, Inc. ARAB LEAGUE LEADER IN BULGARIA. The Secretary General of the Arab League, Esmat Abdel-Meguid, spent 16 and 17 June in Bulgaria. One reason for his official visit was to acquaint himself with improvements in the situation of Bulgaria's more than one million Moslems since 1989. Former communist leader Todor Zhivkov had launched campaigns to forcibly assimilate the Turkish and Pomak [Bulgarian Moslem] communities. The Arab League leader told journalists he had been convinced that all Bulgarian citizens have now won equal rights, and he indicated that the issue may soon be dropped from the Islamic Conference Organization's agenda. In his talks with political leaders, including President Zhelyu Zhelev and Foreign Minister Stanislav Daskalov, Abdel-Meguid was reportedly most interested in Sofia's opinions on the Bosnian war, the Middle East peace process, and the ongoing military conflict in Yemen. He said Bulgarian leaders had provided assurances that its arms industry, which prior to the conflict had concluded several export deals with Yemen, has ceased all deliveries. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc. LITHUANIAN PRESIDENT REJECTS LOCAL ELECTIONS LAW. On 16 June Algirdas Brazauskas returned the local elections law to the Seimas for further consideration, BNS reported on 17 June. Reacting to protests by the Union of Poles of Lithuania and other organizations representing ethnic minorities, he urged the parliament to permit social organizations and not just political parties to nominate candidates for local elections. Brazauskas also proposed that the requirement that elections are valid only if a minimum of 25% of the eligible voters participate be dropped. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. ESTONIA'S PRO-PATRIA ELECTS NEW DEPUTY CHAIRMEN. On 18 June the council of Pro-Patria, the leading party in Estonia's ruling coalition, met in Tartu to discuss the general political situation in the country, BNS reports. It elected three new deputy chairmen: Heiki Raudla, Andres Ammas, and Kalle Jurgenson. The council called for improving the work of the party's regional branches and establishing a body of local representatives that would meet "fairly often." The party's secretary general, Tiit Arge, told a press conference that he had not received a formal statement from parliament chairman Ulo Nugis about his leaving the party. Nugis, who had been defeated by Prime Minister Mart Laar in elections for Pro-Patria's chairman on 11 June, had expressed his intention to quit the party. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Liz Fuller and Patrick Moore The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU. This report is also available by postal mail, as are the other publications of the Institute, and by fax. 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