|CHeloveku nuzhno dva goda, chtoby nauchit'sya govorit', i shest'desyat let, chtoby nauchit'sya derzhat' yazyk za zubami. - Rasul Gamzatov|
No. 113, 16 June 1994
RUSSIA MOSCOW: TENTATIVE SUPPORT FOR SANCTIONS AGAINST DPRK. Speaking to reporters in Moscow on 15 June, Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev again urged the convening of an international conference to resolve the mounting crisis on the Korean peninsula but, according to Interfax, emphasized that if Pyongyang violated the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty the international community would have no choice but to impose sanctions. A day earlier the chairman of the Russian Duma's defense committee, Sergei Yushenkov, had issued perhaps the strongest official Russian condemnation of North Korea's actions, describing them to a visiting British parliamentary leader as "outrageous nuclear blackmail," ITAR-TASS reported. Meanwhile, North Korea's ambassador to Russia was quoted by ITAR-TASS on 15 June as saying that while Pyongyang had originally supported the idea of an international conference, the linking of the conference to international sanctions--as has been proposed recently--is unacceptable to North Korea. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc. NORTH KOREAN DIPLOMATS EXPELLED? Russia's Federal Counter-Intelligence Service (FSK) announced on 15 June that five North Korean diplomats were expelled from the country sometime "during the spring" of this year, allegedly for trying to obtain materials necessary for building nuclear weapons, AFP and Reuters reported. A spokesman for the FSK was quoted by AFP as saying that the five were declared "persona non grata" for their activities, but he provided no other details. Reuters noted that he also failed to indicate if a link existed between the deportations and the arrest in March of three employees of the North Korean embassy for its attempts to acquire arms illegally. According to Interfax, FSK chief Sergei Stepashin also referred vaguely to the expulsions on 15 June during a tour of the Far East. A Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman was reported by AFP to have said reports of the deportations were erroneous, but he provided no details. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc. STATE DUMA IS CONCERNED WITH YELTSIN'S DECREE ON CRIME. Deputies of the State Duma expressed concern over President Yeltsin's decree issued earlier this week that gives law enforcement bodies broad powers to fight organized crime. Under the decree, Russian security forces can check bank accounts of citizens and organizations suspected of belonging to a criminal network. Suspects may also be detained for up to 30 days without bail. The decree permits law enforcement officials to search buildings and vehicles, and check documents of suspected firms. An RFE/RL correspondent in Moscow quoted on 15 June a member of Russia's Choice parliamentary faction, lawyer Boris Zolotukhin, as saying that the decree obviously contradicted existing laws and the Constitution. The speaker of the Duma, Ivan Rybkin, said that either the existing laws or the decree had to be amended. The deputies agreed to discuss the decree on 17 June. Vera Tolz, RFE/RL Inc. AGREEMENT BETWEEN DON COSSACKS AND CRIMEAN GOVERNMENT. On 15 June the ITAR-TASS office in Rostov-on-Don was given a copy of an agreement "between the Union of Cossack Hosts of Russia and Abroad and the Government of the Republic of Crimea on Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance." The document states that, bearing in mind the historical community of the Cossacks and the peoples of the Crimea, the parties will promote ties between Russian Cossackdom and the Crimean republic, will further the unity of their economic space, and develop existing and create new economic links. To assist their cooperation it has been decided to open an embassy of the Union of Cossack Hosts of Russia and Abroad in Simferopol and a representation of the Republic of Crimea in Novocherkassk. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL Inc. DUDAEV ATTACKS RUSSIA, BUT STILL READY TO MEET YELTSIN. Chechen President Dzhokhar Dudaev told Interfax on 15 June that there was no political opposition in the republic, "just ordinary criminals protected by Russia" which was carrying out a policy of aggression against Chechnya. The same day, Shmidt Dzoblaev, Secretary General of the Democratic Forces of the North Caucasus and a member of Yeltsin's Public Chamber, met Dudaev who reiterated that he was ready to meet Yeltsin, ITAR-TASS reported on 16 June citing the North Ossetian President Akhsarbek Galazov. On 15 June Interfax also interviewed the head of the opposition Provisional Council Umar Avturkhanov, who said the opposition does not enjoy support from Moscow. He also denied reports that the former speaker of the Russian parliament, Ruslan Khasbulatov, was the shadow leader of the opposition, although he acknowledged that they asked him for advice. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL Inc. SHAKHRAI HEADS COMMISSION TO DRAW UP TREATY WITH BASHKORTOSTAN. On 15 June Yeltsin set up a commission to prepare a draft bilateral treaty between the Russian Federation and Bashkortostan on delimiting their respective powers, ITAR-TASS and Interfax reported. Deputy prime minister Sergei Shakhrai is to head the commission. The Bashkortostan side will led by Mansur Ayupov, the republic's state secretary, who told Interfax that he thought that the negotiations would end by 1 July. He emphasized that the Bashkortostan side would hold its ground on issues of principle. If the treaty follows the pattern of that between Russia and Tatarstan, it will not directly address the violations of the Russian constitution in the Bashkortostan constitution, which in any case are less glaring than those in the Tatarstan constitution. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL Inc. REFUGEES CONCENTRATED IN NORTH CAUCASUS, MOSCOW AND VOLGA REGIONS AND SOUTHERN URALS. According to the statistics of the Federal Migration Service, about a quarter of all registered refugees and involuntary resettlers are in the North Caucasus where a further influx could provoke serious conflicts between them and the native population, ITAR-TASS reported on 14 June. About 17 percent--mostly from Transcaucasia--are in Moscow and the Moscow area where their presence has led to a rise in property prices, an aggravation of the crime situation, and the passive dissatisfaction of the inhabitants; 20.5 percent are in the Volga area and 12.2 percent in the Central Black Earth region, both regions that can absorb large numbers in agriculture and construction. An increased influx of migrants from Central Asia and Kazakhstan is expected in the Southern Urals and Southern Siberia. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL Inc. CIS KOZYREV QUALIFIES HIS REMARKS ON TROOPS IN MOLDOVA. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev suggested to Interfax on 14 June that Russia might consider withdrawing its troops from Moldova without political conditions (see Daily Report of 15 June), but later that same day he qualified those remarks in a statement to ITAR-TASS. The latter quoted him as saying that "the troops' withdrawal is linked to a whole series of political and technical problems." Apparently alluding again to a possible status-of-forces agreement for the Russian troops, Kozyrev added that the troops "should not stay in Moldova unless their stationing is codified in mutual agreements." Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. RUSSIA CRITICIZED AT CSCE FOR NOT WITHDRAWING FROM MOLDOVA. At a meeting in Prague of senior diplomats of CSCE member states, representatives of various countries criticized Russia for its "reluctance" to withdraw its troops from Moldova, RFE/RL's correspondent reported on 15 June. The meeting also issued a statement expressing "disappointment" that CSCE's mission in Moldova is being prevented from operating properly in the Dniester security zone. That zone is controlled by Russia's 14th Army, the Russian peacekeeping force, and "Dniester republic" forces. Moldova's delegates to the Prague meeting called on Russia to withdraw the 14th Army by 1996 but the Russian delegates called for a decision to be made in three years' time. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. NATO NOT TO COOPERATE WITH UKRAINIAN NAVY UNTIL BLACK SEA FLEET DIVIDED. On 15 June Interfax reported that Gen. Antonio Milani, deputy commander of NATO's southern flank, told journalists in Sevastopol that NATO would not discuss cooperation with the Ukrainian navy until the issue of dividing the Black Sea Fleet between Ukraine and Russia is settled. Milani was in Crimea at the invitation of the Ukrainian defense ministry. While there he met Ukraine's navy commander, Volodymyr Bezkorovainy, who said Ukraine needs to cooperate with NATO within the context of the Partnership for Peace program. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA FIRST RUSSIAN PEACE KEEPERS DEPLOYED IN ABKHAZIA. Despite the assertion by a Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman at a press briefing on 15 June that the deployment of Russian peace keepers in Abkhazia can begin only after the operation has been approved by the Federation Council, Russian field engineers began clearing mines in Gali raion, on the same day, Interfax and ITAR-TASS reported. Two Russian battalions from Akhalkalaki and Batumi in southern Georgia were expected in Zugdidi on 15 June; they are to take up positions immediately on both banks of the river Inguri. The Commander in Chief of the Russian ground forces, Vladimir Semenov, told Interfax on 15 June that the Russian peacekeeping forces will return fire if attacked, but that "it is not their task to disarm or eliminate" armed formations. At an extraordinary session of the Georgian parliament, opposition deputy Nodar Natadze called for Shevardnadze's resignation, according to Interfax; other opposition deputies demanded the suspension of the Abkhaz peacekeeping operation and a halt to Russian mediation, but no vote was taken on the issue. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL Inc. TAJIK OFFICIAL, RUSSIAN KILLED. Two apparently unrelated killings in Tajikistan have underscored the tense situation in that country before peace talks, now scheduled to begin on 18 June in Tehran. On 15 June, the Tajik deputy defense minister, Ramazan Radzhabov, and at least 5 bodyguards were killed in an ambush near the town of Garm, 150 km from Dushanbe. While no one has claimed responsibility, the region was an opposition stronghold during the civil war, and the rebel military leader Rizwon is known to have operated in the area. Meanwhile, a Russian lieutenant died on 14 June in the southern Tajik town of Kurgan-Tyube, the scene of fierce fighting in 1992; he is the tenth Russian officer to die in Tajikistan in the last 3 weeks. While most agencies reported that he had been killed by machine gun fire from unidentified gunmen, ITAR-TASS quoted Tajikistan's deputy interior minister as saying that the soldier had died as a consequence of an unspecified accident near a military base, not as a result of an attack. Keith Martin, RFE/RL Inc. TAJIK PAPER BLASTS FORMER PM. The Tajik government newspaper Sadoi Mardum (People's Voice) has published a harshly critical article about Abdumalik Abdullodzhanov, formerly Tajikistan's prime minister and now its ambassador to Russia. The article, as quoted by ITAR-TASS on 13 June, accuses Abdullodzhanov of helping cause the Tajik economy's collapse, corruption, personal enrichment through foreign currency speculation, and of providing economic and political assistance to the armed opposition. The accusations are extraordinary, given that the opposition had often itself accused Abdullodzhanov of corruption, charges which the government denied; also, the government is preparing for the upcoming peace talks. Keith Martin, RFE/RL Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE SERBS KEEP UP ETHNIC CLEANSING. RFE/RL's South Slavic Language Service reported on 15 June that UN officials say that the Serbs in Banja Luka are still forcing Croats and Muslims to give up their property, pay a fee, and leave. The New York Times on 16 June notes that "the pattern of persecution has remained the same" and that the UN is "still getting reports of rapes." One UN officer said that "this is a clear-cut, systematic pattern of ethnic cleansing. It is done very quietly, very thoroughly." The Serbs took Banja Luka in 1992 and last year finished destroying all the town's mosques, including some medieval structures that were UNESCO-registered international cultural properties. On 16 June the international "contact group" meets in London, but the Serb say they will not accept proposals that splits up their conquests. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. NEW LEFTIST PARTY FOUNDED IN CROATIA. Vjesnik on 16 June continues reporting on the new Action of the Social Democrats of Croatia (ASH) headed by prominent politician Miko Tripalo. The party consists of all or parts of the several small parties that make up the political Left, but minus two key leaders, Ivica Racan and Branko Horvat. The founding of ASH is seen as vital for the survival of a left-wing alternative in any future elections, since none of the existing parties seems likely to win seats in a new parliament. Perhaps unique in the former communist countries of Eastern Europe, Croatia's Left is all but negligible as a political force, although the former nomenklatura is prominent in parties of the Right and Center. Elsewhere, Zagreb dailies report on President Franjo Tudjman's visit on 15 June to Herzegovina. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL Inc. SESELJ ON TRIAL. On 16 June Politika reports that ultranationalist Serbian Radical Party (SRS) leader Vojislav Seselj, along with four fellow SRS members, went to trial in Belgrade on 15 June. Charges of violent behavior stem from an 18 May incident in the federal rump Yugoslav parliament in which the accused allegedly attempted to provoke a brawl. Additional charges, which will be the subject of a trial at a later date, have been laid and center on what Belgrade prosecutors describe as Seselj's campaign to defame Serbia and "insult the president of Serbia." Seselj himself has said he would attempt to turn his trial into a political affair in which he would denounce Serbia's political authorities. Proceedings have been adjourned until 6 July. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL Inc. SERBS AND ALBANIANS MANEUVER OVER TALKS ON KOSOVO. Serbian academic and leading figure in the ruling Socialist Party of Serbia Mihajlo Markovic said in an interview with the RFE/RL South Slavic Language Service that the conditions for negotiations between the Kosovar shadow state and the Serbian government are good because of the current atmosphere conducive to "a peaceful solution to the whole crisis in former Yugoslavia." Markovic nonetheless charged Kosovar President Ibrahim Rugova with refusing dialogue but agreed that Rugova wants a peaceful settlement. The vice-president of Rugova's Democratic League of Kosovo, Fehmi Agani, called Markovic's offer a "positive move of the Serbian government," but added that the referendum on the sovereignty and independence of the self-declared Republic of Kosovo must be the basis for negotiations, Borba reported on 13 June. Agani also stressed that only Rugova has the mandate to negotiate. According to the Sueddeutsche Zeitung on 11 June, Markovic, met with Veton Surroi, the former leader of the Parliamentary Party of Kosovo and now publisher of the Albanian weekly Koha, in the Swiss embassy in early June. Rugova demands international mediation for the talks but so far Belgrade says no. Borba on 16 June nonetheless wonders aloud whether Markovic's overtures have the backing of President Slobodan Milosevic, of whom the academic has been publicly critical. Fabian Schmidt, RFE/RL Inc. SANDZAK MUSLIMS FEAR MORE ETHNIC CLEANSING. According to the head of the Muslim-dominated Party of Democratic Action, Rasim Ljajic, repression against the Muslim majority in the Sandzak of Novi Pazar has been rising recently, Reuters reported on 15 June. Ljajic charged the Serbs with "trying to change the demographic structure of Sandzak." He mentioned the ethnic cleansing of villages near the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992 and 1993 and "campaigns of arrests, trials and harassment aimed at neutralizing Muslim political activity," adding that "we expect more pressure in all fields." Ljajic also denied Serb charges that his party seeks territorial independence, but said "we want a certain degree of autonomy within the existing state that would guarantee respect for individual and collective rights." His stand was supported by the head of the Sandzak Committee for the protection of Human Rights and Freedoms, Safet Bandzovic, who nonetheless also said that "the idea that Serbs and Muslims cannot live together is the biggest lie of the war." Meanwhile, trials against a group of Muslims charged with planing an armed uprising continued in Novi Pazar, Borba reported on 14 June. Fabian Schmidt, RFE/RL Inc. MACEDONIA GETS CLOSER TO CSCE MEMBERSHIP. An RFE/RL correspondent reports that Macedonia on 15 June got past one hurdle toward membership in the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe when Albania at a meeting in Prague decided to drop its objections. Tirana had previously insisted that Skopje grant a better legal status to its large Albanian minority first. The country's full participation in the organization is now opposed only by Greece, which nonetheless reiterated its demands that Macedonia should change its name and constitution before lifting the veto. Skopje presently has observer status in the CSCE. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL Inc. BULGARIAN PARLIAMENT APPROVES NEW DEPUTY PREMIER. BTA reports that a majority of the Bulgarian National Assembly on 15 June supported Prime Minister Lyuben Berov's proposal to dismiss Deputy Premier and Trade Minister Valentin Karabashev, while appointing in his place Kiril Tsochev. Karabashev had submitted his resignation on 28 April, citing differences with Berov on how to proceed with large-scale privatization. The 47 year-old Tsochev has held top positions in the domestic electronics and energy industries, and later served as chairman of the Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and trade representative in the Tokyo embassy. The opposition Union of Democratic Forces boycotted the session, saying that Tsochev represents a step back toward communism. As a result, the caucuses which support the cabinet had problems obtaining a quorum, and voting dragged on for several hours. Finally, 117 voted for and 6 against. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL Inc. CONTINUED LABOR UNREST IN ROMANIA. Talks between the government and trade unions were held late on 14 June and in two rounds on 15 June, an RFE/RL correspondent and Romanian media report. The talks on 15 June went ahead despite the fact that the unions organizing the demonstrations refused to evacuate the square in front of the government building in Bucharest, as demanded by the authorities. Late on 15 June, the government released a communique, practically rejecting all the main demands of the unions. The unions said they plan to continue the demonstrations and participation will increase with the arrival of workers from several big plants in Bucharest and miners from the Rovinari coalfields. Reports from several parts of the country say workers prepare to strike and demonstrate for wage increases. Michael Shafir., RFE/RL Inc. HUNGARIAN AMBASSADOR TO THE US RESIGNS. On 15 June, Pal Tar handed in his resignation to Foreign Minister Geza Jeszenszky, MTI reports. Tar said that he took the ambassadorship three years ago at the request of the late Prime Minister Jozsef Antall and that the period of the Antall government has ended. Jeszenszky had accepted the resignation and Tar will leave his post on 5 July. Judith Pataki, RFE/RL Inc. PETER BOROSS TALKS WITH HUNGARIAN PARTY LEADERS. On 15 June, Hungarian Prime Minister Peter Boross informed the leaders of the various parliamentary parties that before leaving office he is going to hand over to each of them a document compiled by experts to show the exact state of the Hungarian economy. He also informed the leaders that he will sign a document dismissing the controversial chiefs of the Hungarian Radio and Television. Finally, Boross discussed some theoretical and practical questions related to the change in government. The parliamentary leaders seem to agree that Boross is handling the period of transition well. Judith Pataki, RFE/RL Inc. SLOVAK COALITION COUNCIL FAILS TO APPROVE ROAD SIGN LAW. During its session on 15 June the coalition council again failed to reach agreement on the issue of the controversial law, which would allow communities with an ethnic minority population to post bilingual road signs. The council said it considered the previous proposal for the road-sign law, which failed to be passed by the parliament on 3 June by one vote, the only workable solution. In order for the law to be resubmitted to the parliament before the elections, it will require the signature of 76 parliamentary deputies, out of a total of 150. A major controversy has been the issue of whether to include 13 villages which bear the names of historical Slovak personalities. Talks on the law will continue on 17 June. The council also failed to reach agreement on the lustration law, which was passed by the former Czechoslovak parliament to prevent former secret police collaborators from holding high posts in the state administration. The Party of the Democratic Left, which is part of the governing coalition, has demanded the cancellation of this law, TASR reported. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL Inc. SLOVAK ECONOMIC REPORT. On 14 June the Slovak Statistical Office released a report on economic development in the first quarter of 1994, TASR reports. Real GDP for that quarter was 43.1 billion koruny, which was 1.7% higher than in the last quarter of 1993 and 3.6% higher than in the first quarter of 1993. It was estimated that the private sector accounted for about 40% of GDP. Growth in the service sector was dynamic, and its share of GDP reached 43.1%, compared with 33.9% for industrial production, 5.6% for agriculture and 4.4% for construction. The average monthly wage was calculated to be 5,581 koruny, which is 17.4% percent higher in nominal terms and 1.7% higher in real terms than in the first quarter of 1993. Consumption grew by 11% over the previous year. The trade deficit totaled 3.7 bil-lion koruny, and the volume of foreign capital increased by 6.7% to 11.5 billion koruny. The Statistical Office predicted that real GDP will grow by 0.9% during 1994, the unemployment rate will grow to 16% and annual inflation will be 14.7%. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL Inc. CZECH UNEMPLOYMENT DATA. The unemployment rate in the Czech Republic dropped by 0.2%, to 3.1%, in May in comparison with April when it stood at 3.3%. A total of 162.490 people were officially registered as unemployed at the end of May; at the same time, employment offices registered 74,100 job vacancies. The unemployment rate was the highest in northern Moravia, where it reached 7.5% in some areas. In Prague, on the other hand, there was a shortage of labor; the unemployment rate was -0.3%. Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL Inc. POLAND IMPOSES DUTY ON AGRICULTURAL IMPORTS. Imported agricultural goods will be subject to a special levy as of 21 June, PAP reported on 14 June. The "compensatory duty," as the levy is known, is a protectionist measure to make imported produce less competitive on the domestic market. It is equal to the difference between domestic and world prices and will apply to pork, poultry, milk, cucumbers, processed tomatoes, some oils and certain types of flour. The levy will be collected at customs points and will remain in force until GATT agreements take effect in Poland either in January or in July 1995. Agricultural ministry officials downplayed fears that domestic prices might jump by as much as 20%, forecasting increases of less than 2%. Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka, RFE/RL Inc. "POLISH DAY" AT WEU ASSEMBLY. Polish speakers were prominent at the WEU Assembly session in Paris on 14 June, PAP reported. Foreign Minister Andrzej Olechowski said that Poland wished to take advantage of the Partnership For Peace program to bring its defense system in line with NATO's and to exploit the opportunity it offered to enhance partnership relations with its neighbors to the East. Olechowski expressed the hope that Russia would join in the PFP program but warned that its relationship with NATO should not result in the relegation to the sidelines of the remaining countries of Central and Eastern Europe. He said that NATO membership for the "new democracies" would increase regional security and stability, and that the gradual extension of NATO and its closer cooperation with Russia should be accompanied by continued European integration. Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka, RFE/RL Inc. UKRAINIAN PARLIAMENT CONFIRMS MASOL AS PRIME MINISTER. The Ukrainian parliament has confirmed President Leonid Kravchuk's nominee for the post of prime minister, Vitalii Masol, Reuters and AFP reported on 16 June. Masol had served as Ukraine's prime minister under the Soviet regime from 1987-90 when he was removed as a result of student-led anti-communist protests. Upon nominating him for the premiership, Kravchuk said that Masol is the most appropriate candidate for the post because he was the only nominee acceptable to the communist- and socialist-dominated parliament. Masol advocates a state-controlled economy. Masol's nomination was opposed by nationalists in parliament who reject his calls for closer ties with Russia. Some analysts believe the nomination is an attempt on Kravchuk's part to win support from leftist and East Ukrainian voters in the presidential race. Prior to Masol's appointment Efim Zvyahilsky had been the acting prime minister. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. CRIMEAN PARLIAMENT ALLOWS DEPUTIES TO ARM. The Crimean parliament voted on 14 June to allow deputies to carry weapons during its sessions, Ukrinform-TASS reported. Over the past months there have been a number of attacks and assassinations of politicians in Crimea. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. LAST RUSSIAN SHIP TO LEAVE ESTONIA BY END OF JUNE. Adm. Vladimir Egorov, head of Russia's Baltic Sea Fleet, said that the last Russian combat ship and the remaining 800 tons of naval ammunition would leave Estonia by the end of June, BNS reported on 15 June. The submarine training facility at Paldiski with two nuclear reactors is not under his command, but that of the naval headquarters in Moscow. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Vitalii Churkin met briefly with his Estonian counterpart Raul Malk in Moscow on 15 June, but no information on their talks was revealed. Working groups of the two countries are continuing discussions on the withdrawal of Russian troops where the major obstacle is Russia's demands for social guarantees for its military pensioners. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL Inc. WORLD JEWISH CULTURE CONGRESS IN RIGA. The congress of the World Jewish Culture Memorial Fund opened in the Latvian capital on 14 June. Addressing the approximately 100 delegates from various parts of the world, Latvia's president Guntis Ulmanis stressed the special significance of 14 June for people in Latvia. On that day in 1941, many thousands of Latvian residents, including about 5,000 Jews, were deported to remote regions of the USSR upon the orders of the Soviet regime. Ulmanis called on people in Latvia to remember the victims of the Holocaust and declared that Latvia is a state with extended cultural autonomy rights for its traditional ethnic minorities, Latvian media reported on 15 June. The congress elected Jack Spitzer as the Fund's new president. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL Inc. MOLDOVAN AUTHORITIES REACT TO ROMANIAN IRREDENTISM. Moldovan officials told RFE/RL on 15 June that top leaders of the ruling Agrarian Democratic Party and of its parliamentary fraction have as a group sued for slander in a Chisinau court the pro-Romanian weekly Glasul Natiunii. Its Bucharest-based publisher and Romanian officials recently listed that weekly among several Moldovan newspapers and periodicals receiving Romanian government funds; they all promote unification of the two countries. In a related development, Moldova's Foreign Ministry has revoked the accreditation of the Chisinau correspondent of Romania Libera, the principal daily of the Romanian opposition, for "purposeful disinformation." An executive of the daily told RFE/RL in Bucharest on 14 June that the measure was the work of "Moldovan forces opposed to unification with Romania." Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL Inc. 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