Greatness lies not in being strong, but in the right use of strength. - Henry Ward Beecher
RFE/RL Daily Report

No. 102, 31 May 1994

                              RUSSIA

RUSSIA-NATO PARTNERSHIP. Defense Minister Pavel Grachev said on 30
May that Russia would join the Partnership for Peace program in
two to three weeks' time, provided that Russian proposals on
cooperation with the Western alliance (presumably outside the
strict confines of the Partnership program) were approved by NATO
leaders, Interfax and ITAR-TASS reported that day. Grachev said he
had the approval of President Boris Yeltsin on the issue. RFE/RL's
Moscow correspondent reported the same day that Russian Foreign
Ministry sources had indicated that Russian leaders hoped to join
the program prior to Yeltsin's scheduled attendance at the G-7
summit in Italy in July. A delegation from the US Senate, led by
Sam Nunn, is currently in Moscow and talks with Russian
parliamentarians are expected to include Russia's participation in
the NATO program.  Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc.

RUSSIAN-SOUTH KOREAN TALKS TO FOCUS ON SECURITY. South Korean
President Kim Young-sam is scheduled to leave for Moscow on 1 June
to begin four days of talks on Moscow's role in the standoff over
North Korea's presumed nuclear weapons program and on broader
security problems on the Korean peninsula and in Northeast Asia,
an aide to Kim said on 30 May. According to Reuters, Kim hopes to
discuss Moscow's current view of the still active 1961
Soviet-North Korean military cooperation treaty; the aide was
quoted as saying "we wouldn't ask Russia to break relations with
North Korea. We would just take notice of Russia's weakening
relations with North Korea." The aide also said that there was no
evidence that Russia had provided weapons to North Korea since
Yeltsin visited Seoul in 1992. He said Russia was expected to hand
over documents pertaining to the launching of the 1950 Korean War.
>From Moscow Kim will head to Tashkent, and then to Vladivostok.
Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc.

YELTSIN IN TATARSTAN. On his arrival in the industrial city on
Naberezhnye chelni on 30 May, Yeltsin the recent treaty delimiting
powers between Russian and Tatarstan had proved that his much
criticized statement in 1991 that the republics and regions should
take as much sovereignty as they could digest had been right,
ITAR-TASS reported. Tatarstan President Shaimiev said that he
believed in the phrase "Strong republics mean a strong center."
Yeltsin said the important thing now was to implement the treaty.
Emil Pain, an expert in the president's administration, said both
parties were at present violating the treaty. Tatarstan was paying
into the federal budget 4-5 times less than it should, while
Russia was not ensuring that a mechanism was being devised to
implement the treaty.  Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL Inc.

YELTSIN GRANTS KAMAZ TAX RELIEF. One of the main events of
Yeltsin's visit on 30 March was a visit to the giant KamAZ
automobile plant, which is still recovering from a disastrous
fire. Yeltsin said that the state had offered the plant much
assistance to get over the fire, and noted with concern that the
rate of reconstruction had slowed since February. He announced
that KamAZ would be freed from paying profits tax and value-added
tax until the end of 1994. He added that the plant should not rely
solely on state assistance or forget that it had been turned into
a shareholding company. In the evening Yeltsin left for the
Tatarstan capital, Kazan.  Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL Inc.

YELTSIN ON NEW ROLE OF COUNTERINTELLIGENCE. Yeltsin has called on
the officers of the Federal Counterintelligence Service (FCS) to
increase their efforts to counter foreign espionage and domestic
corruption. The text of his address to the FCS, which is the
successor of the Ministry of Security and the KGB, was published
in Rossiiskaya gazeta on 28 May. Yeltsin called on the FCS to
counteract forces "wishing to weaken Russia and turn it into a
feeble partner with cheap labor and low intellectual potential."
Yeltsin said the FCS must also direct its efforts against
political groups and extremists that violate the constitutional
order, though this did not mean, he asserted, that political
surveillance was being reintroduced. He told the FCS to pay watch
out for "criminal sources of finance of certain political
campaigns." Finally, Yeltsin said he supported the restoration to
the FCS of the investigative functions that the agency lost at the
beginning of this year.  Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL Inc.

YELTSIN ISSUES DECREE ON COMBATING CRIME. Yeltsin has issued a
decree calling for tougher measures against crime. The text of the
document was distributed on 27 May by the presidential press
service, ITAR-TASS reported that day. It calls among other things
for the numbers of the interior ministry troops to be increased by
52,000 men.  Elizabeth Teague, RFE/RL Inc.

PRIVATIZATION SQUABBLE INTENSIFIES. Deputy Prime Minister Anatolii
Chubais has charged that laws designed to promote privatization
are being violated "massively" in Moscow, Reuters and ITAR-TASS
reported on 27 May. Chubais went on to say he would ask the
Prosecutor General to cancel certain orders issued earlier this
year by Moscow Mayor Yurii Luzhkov. In an interview with Interfax
on 28 May, Luzhkov retorted that he would use any legal
proceedings to criticize the nationwide privatization process
which, he charged, is ruining the state and benefiting
speculators. On 30 May, Chubais announced that his post-voucher
privatization program will be submitted to the State Duma by 15
June. If it is not adopted by the legislature by 1 July, he added,
the new program will be implemented by presidential decree.  Keith
Bush, RFE/RL Inc.

CHERNOMYRDIN TO MISS KEY BUDGET DEBATE? The prime minister's press
office announced on 30 May that Viktor Chernomyrdin will take a
two-week vacation, starting on 1 June, Reuters reported. He will
therefore presumably not be present for the crucial debate on the
1994 budget scheduled to start in the State Duma on 8 June. In the
meantime, according to Interfax of 29 May, the government,
parliamentary committees, and individual legislators have prepared
a joint package of 184 amendments to the draft budget. The most
notable is a government proposal to allocate an additional 5.6
trillion rubles to finance spring field work. This appears to be
over and above the 18 trillion rubles already allocated for farm
support.  Keith Bush, RFE/RL Inc.

FALL IN GRAIN HARVEST PREDICTED. The head of Russia's state
grain-purchasing agency, Roskhleboprodukt, told the State Duma on
27 May that the 1994 grain harvest may fall sharply this year--to
about 80 million tons from 99 million tons last year; his remarks
were quoted by Reuters.  Elizabeth Teague, RFE/RL Inc.

CONTINUED FALL IN OUTPUT FORECAST. The government's Center for
Economic Analysis has announced that a drop of 25 percent in
industrial output for the year is possible, Reuters reported on 27
May. It attributed the continued decline to lower domestic demand
arising from tough monetary policies, high production costs, and
competition from imported goods. Chernomyrdin, on the other hand,
claimed that Russia's "economic crisis has reached its peak" and
that output is rising, Russian agencies reported on 30 May. Keith
Bush, RFE/RL Inc.

TRADE UNIONS DEMAND WAGE HIKES. The Tripartite Commission on
Social and Labor Relations, on which the Russian government,
employers and unions are all represented, met at the White House
on 27 May, Russian Television reported. No agreement was reached
on the main item on the agenda--the setting of a new minimum wage.
The unions are demanding an increase of 170 percent to 40,000
rubles a month, backdated to the beginning of May, while the
government says the budget can stand no more than a 40 percent
increase, and that as of June. Elizabeth Teague, RFE/RL Inc.

CHECHNYA ACCUSES RUSSIA OF STATE TERRORISM. A Chechen Foreign
Ministry statement on 30 May charged that Russia was behind the
alleged attempt to assassinate Chechen President Dzhokhar Dudaev
on 27 May and accused Moscow of state terrorism, Interfax
reported. The statement said Chechnya would not resort to
terrorism in response. Russian intelligence later denied the
allegation, calling it absurd. Chechen authorities said Dudaev's
wife and 11-year old son were injured by broken glass in the
explosion. The son was said to be in a satisfactory condition. No
information was given on the condition of Mrs. Dudaev. Ann Sheehy,
RFE/RL Inc.

PRAVDA APPROVES OF KOZYREV. "Sometimes Kozyrev is a Patriot," read
a Pravda headline on 27 May in response to Foreign Minister Andrei
Kozyrev's performance at the meeting of Baltic foreign ministers
in Estonia on 24-25 May. Pravda, which had previously
distinguished itself as an ardent foe of the Russian foreign
minister, quoted Kozyrev's comments with approval and refrained
from criticizing the one Kozyrev statement that might have
offended Russian nationalists: Kozyrev said discussions of border
changes, including those with Ukraine, could not be entertained
without opening up a Pandora's box of disputes. Suzanne Crow,
RFE/RL Inc.

ATTEMPT TO JUSTIFY ARRESTS. Writing in Literaturnaya gazeta on 25
May, the critic Pavel Basinsky revived the old chestnut of the
Brezhnev era, arguing that foreigners should not lecture the
Russian authorities on human rights. Basinsky's article was
occasioned by the protests of Russian literati and Western human
rights organizations at the arrests of Aleksei Kostin, editor of
the soft-porn weekly Eshshe (Some More), and Russian writer Zufar
Gareev. Eshche was published in Moscow with the permission of the
Russian Ministry of Press and Information from 1990 until 6
October 1993, on which date Kostin was arrested on charges of
distributing pornography. Since then, he has been in Butyrka
prison awaiting trial. Gareev, who signed a petition in Kostin's
defense, was arrested earlier this month and charged by the office
of the Moscow prosecutor with having copies of Eshche in his
apartment. The prosecution is particularly bizarre in light of the
abundance of erotic materials on sale in Moscow today.  Julia
Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc.

                               CIS

UKRAINIAN DEFENSE MINISTER ON PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE. Following a
visit to NATO headquarters in Brussels, Ukrainian's defense
minister, Vitalii Radetsky, gave his views on the Partnership for
Peace program (PFP). According to Radetsky one of the main tasks
facing Ukraine in the military-political sphere is to break down
the "artificial barriers" separating Ukraine from the rest of
Europe. Radetsky said the underlying principle of PFP was that, in
order to guarantee its own security, each member of the
Partnership should ensure that the security of the other members
was guaranteed. In his words, "Security for oneself means security
for all," Ukrainian television reported on 28 May. Ustina Markus,
RFE/RL Inc.

COMPROMISE OVER CRIMEAN INTERIOR MINISTRY. Ukraine's First Deputy
Minister of the Interior, Valentyn Nedryhailo, and the Crimean
Minister of the Interior, Valerii Kuznetsov, have reached a
compromise as to whose jurisdiction the Crimean Interior Ministry
should fall under, Ukrainian radio reported on 27 May. (On 18 May,
Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk signed an order reorganizing
Crimea's Interior Ministry into a department under the
jurisdiction of Ukraine's Interior Ministry; Kuznetsov refused to
honor the directive, and until now Ukrainian officials have been
unable to implement it.) The compromise would allow for two
separate structures: the Ministry of the Interior of Crimea and an
autonomous directorate of Ukraine's Interior Ministry in Crimea.
Currently, almost all interior ministry personnel in Crimea are
following Kuznetsov's orders. The division of these personnel
between the two structures is to be decided in the near future.
Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc.

CRIMEAN TATARS DEMAND VETO. The Organization of the Crimean Tatar
National Movement (OKNR) is demanding that the Tatar faction in
Crimea's parliament be given the right to veto some types of
legislation, Ukrainian radio reported on 28 May. The reason given
for the demand is that the majority of the parliament does not
take the needs of the Crimean Tatars into consideration. If the
veto power is not granted, the Tatar leadership has threatened to
take the Tatar deputies out of parliament. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL
Inc.

                  TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA

GOVERNMENT-PARLIAMENT CONFRONTATION IN KAZAKHSTAN. Kazakhstan's
Prime Minister, Sergei Tereshchenko, told Interfax in an interview
on 30 May that he fears the Supreme Soviet's confrontation with
his government could have serious repercussions. On 27 May, a
majority of parliamentary deputies adopted a motion of no
confidence in the socio-economic and legislative policies of
Tereshchenko's government--the original draft of the motion called
for a vote of no confidence in the government. The motivation for
the vote, which has no constitutional validity, was anger at the
government's failure to find a way out of Kazakhstan's sharp
economic decline. The opening of the current session of the
parliament was greeted by a demonstration of political figures and
Almaty citizens criticizing Tereshchenko's anti-crisis program.
Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc.

                    CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

BOSNIA UPDATE. On 30 May RFE/RL's South Slavic Language Service
reported that Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic said that he
might abstain from Geneva talks slated for 2-3 June if Serb troops
fail to pull back from the Muslim enclave of Gorazde. Meanwhile,
on 30 May the Bosnian parliament adjourned discussion aimed at
ratifying the Bosnian Muslim-Croat federation until 31 May in
order to afford deputies more time to arrive in Sarajevo. In other
news, on 31 May Borba reported that Tuzla airport has been
attacked by as yet unidentified forces, while AFP on 30 May
reported that Serb troops have launched offensives in northern
Bosnia in what appears to be a bid to reconquer lands held by the
Bosnian army. Finally, international media reported on 31 May that
Bosnian Croat leader Kresimir Zubak, scheduled to become president
of the Bosnian Muslim-Croat federation, said he would press the
claim that the federation receive at least 58% of Bosnia and
Herzegovina, and not the 51% envisioned by recent partition plans.
Stan Markotich, RFE/RL Inc.

TUDJMAN MARKS NATIONAL DAY. On 31 May The Washington Post reports
that Croatian President Franjo Tudjman marked the national day,
celebrated in recognition of the gaining of Croatian independence
three years ago, by, among other things, attending a ceremony at
the national bank and "exchanging dinars for kunas." The kuna,
Croatia's new currency, was launched on national day 30 May. The
move has been strongly criticized because the name "kuna" was used
to designate the money issued by Croatia's fascist government
during World War II. On 31 May The Feral Tribune published an
article under the headline "For a Handful of Kuna" which warns
that the reintroduction of the kuna, evoking memories of Croatia's
past, may tarnish the country's current international image.  Stan
Markotich, RFE/RL Inc.

PINOCHET IN PRAGUE. Chilean Army Chief and former President
General Augusto Pinochet arrived in Prague, Czech media reported
on 30 May. Pinochet came as member of a Chilean military
delegation to discuss the purchase of Czech-made arms and military
equipment. Czech government officials distanced themselves from
the visit, saying that Pinochet was not invited officially. The
Interior Ministry even released a statement saying that the former
dictator should not have been granted an entry visa to the Czech
Republic. President Vaclav Havel's spokesman said at a press
conference that the President thinks Czech-Chilean relations would
be better served if they were "developed by internationally
respected democrats." Jan Obrman, RFE/RL Inc.

SLOVAK REACTION TO HUNGARIAN ELECTIONS. On 30 May the Democratic
Union of Slovakia issued a statement saying that the election
victory of the Hungarian Socialist Party and the relatively high
showing of liberal-oriented parties is a positive development,
TASR reports. The DUS, which is chaired by Slovak Premier Jozef
Moravcik, expressed hope that the new Hungarian parliament will be
more supportive of cooperation with Slovakia than the previous
one. The statement said that in the future questions concerning
bilateral relations could be solved in a more favorable
atmosphere. CTK quotes Moravcik as saying that while he hopes the
HSP will pursue a policy that could lead to a settlement of
Slovak-Hungarian disputes, he does not expect a broad bilateral
treaty to be concluded before this fall. In an interview with
Slovak Radio on 30 May, Party of the Democratic Left Deputy
Chairman Milan Ftacnik also expressed optimism concerning the
Hungarian election results and noted that tension between Slovakia
and Hungary could be reduced following the signing of a basic
bilateral agreement.  Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL Inc.

IMF OFFICIAL IN BRATISLAVA. Executive Director of the IMF Belgian
group, William Kiekens, began a two-day visit to Bratislava on 30
May to continue discussions concerning a stand-by loan for
Slovakia. Deputy Premier Brigita Schmoegnerova said that
discussions are 98% concluded and that the relevant economic
policies are expected to be approved by the cabinet on 31 May,
TASR reports. Kiekens said he believed that all arrangements
related to the stand-by loan would soon be settled. Kiekens
expressed special interest in the supervision of the banking
system, regulation of wages and Slovakia's clearing system with
the Czech Republic. The cabinet also discussed its economic
prognosis for 1995, which includes an annual inflation rate of 8%,
a GDP growth of 2% and a budget deficit of 3% of GDP.  Sharon
Fisher, RFE/RL Inc.

HUNGARIAN DAILY DISTANCES ITSELF FROM ITS SOCIALIST IMAGE.
Nepszabadsag, the Hungarian daily with the largest circulation,
will no longer be called a socialist daily, MTI reported on 30
May. As a result of the overwhelming victory of the Hungarian
Socialist Party (HSP) in the two rounds of national elections held
in May, the paper's caption will be changed to " a national
newspaper" According to Chief Editor Pal Eotvos, the daily, which
was once owned by the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party
(Communist), maintained the socialist caption following the 1990
political changes and the paper's privatization as a gesture of
support toward the HSP when it suffered defeat in the 1990
national elections. The party has won the recent elections and, in
Eotvos' opinion, there is no more need for this gesture. Eotvos
stressed that the newspaper has been serving not only socialist
but liberal readers as well.  Judith Pataki, RFE/RL Inc.

POLISH LOCAL ELECTIONS: REGISTRATION COMPLETE. The National
Election Office reported on 30 May that a lack of candidates will
force the cancellation of local elections in only 4 of Poland's
46,500 single-seat election districts. In 3,377 of these
districts--established for communities of fewer than 40,000
residents--a single candidate is running unopposed. When the
initial registration deadline passed on 20 May, no candidate or
only one candidate had registered in over 5,500 single-seat
districts, raising fears of widespread public indifference to the
elections. As the law requires, the deadline was then extended for
five days. In the end, more than 142,000 candidates registered for
the single-seat contests, or an average of 3 candidates per seat.
Lack of candidates was never a problem in urban districts of more
than 40,000 residents, where voters choose candidates from party
lists; by the 20 May deadline, 36,500 candidates had registered to
compete for 5,532 seats (or more than 6 per seat). The local
elections are scheduled for 19 June.  Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL Inc.

POLISH PEASANT PARTY LEADS POLLS? The OBOP polling firm reported
on 27 May that 61% of respondents say they intend to vote in the
local government elections. Two-thirds of those polled in rural
areas and small towns intend to vote, ahead of the 56% in urban
areas. Asked about party preferences, 19% say they support the
ruling Polish Peasant Party (PSL); 14% favor the Democratic Left
Alliance (SLD); 10% support the opposition Freedom Union (UW); and
6% each back the Union of Labor, Solidarity, and the Nonparty
Reform Bloc (BBWR). 26% remained undecided. In rural areas, the
PSL commands the support of 27% of respondents, while the SLD and
UW dominate in the cities, with 16% each. In a separate poll
reported on 31 May, however, Rzeczpospolita claimed that support
for the PSL has dropped dramatically, to only 12%, and amounts to
less than half that for the SLD and slightly less than that for
the UW. In yet another poll conducted by Demoskop and reported by
PAP on 27 May, 65% of respondents said that there is no party that
represents their interests. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL Inc.

POLISH STOCK MARKET IN THE BLACK. Wieslaw Rozlucki was reelected
by shareholders to a three-year term as chairman of the Warsaw
stock exchange on 30 May, PAP reports. In its third year, the
Warsaw exchange recorded a net profit for the first time; this
amounted to over 171 billion zloty ($7.8 million). Rozlucki told
reporters that the exchange had covered its own startup costs of
108 billion zloty in three years' taxes paid to the state budget.
He also announced plans to expand market sessions to four per
week, beginning on 1 July, provided the brokerages agree. He noted
that the Warsaw exchange is seeking membership in the
International Federation of Stock Exchanges as the first stock
market in a former communist country. Two new firms--Jelfa and
AmerBank--were approved for trading on the main market, PAP
reports. In other business news, Poland's Transport Minister,
Boguslaw Liberadzki, told PAP on 30 May that "the time has come to
privatize our flagship carrier," the national airline LOT.
Liberadzki said the government plans to sell a 49% share but gave
no details as to potential buyers. Finally, on 30 May the finance
ministry announced plans to introduce a revised property tax, to
be levied on the basis of value, rather than size, as is now the
case. Local communities will impose the new tax (reportedly of up
to 3%) no sooner than in 1997, Polish TV reports.  Louisa Vinton,
RFE/RL Inc.

BSP SAYS SUPPORT FOR BEROV IS CONDITIONAL. Domestic newspapers on
30 and 31 May speculate that the parliamentary vote of confidence,
held on 27 May, has failed to stabilize the Bulgarian government
after all. The main problem is that the Supreme Council of the
Bulgarian Socialist Party decided on 29 May to continue backing
premier Lyuben Berov only if it considers acceptable the changes
in the composition and policy of the government which will be
proposed in an upcoming reshuffle. BSP Chairman Jean Videnov
wanted the party to go further and reject any kind of government
reorganization plus Berov's tentative plan of action, which he
described as "rubbish." The Supreme Council nevertheless seemed
content by recommending Socialist deputies to vote against any
planned changes which might make the cabinet more dependent on the
interests of individual parties. Lately, there have been many
indications that the BSP has been encouraged by the election
victories of ex communist parties in Poland and Hungary, and
consequently is split on whether to support Berov or seek early
elections. The chairman of its youth organization, Lyubomir
Nikolov, told Bulgarian National Radio on 30 May that a national
meeting on the previous day had voted against backing Berov.
Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL Inc.

ROMANIA'S COAL MINERS SET UP UNIFIED STRUCTURE. A two-day joint
meeting of Romania's main coal miners' trade unions was held in
the Jiu valley town of Petrosani on 28 and 29 May. At the end of
the meeting (called by the participants "the Miners' Congress") a
resolution was adopted providing, among other things for setting
up a unified structure of the miners' trade unions, Romanian media
announced on 29 May. This umbrella organization will be called The
Christian-Democratic Miners' Convention Saint Varvara. The
participants elected as leader of the convention the controversial
miners' leader Miron Cosma, who led several descents of the miners
on Bucharest in 1990 and 1991. Participants emphasized fear of
layoffs as the economy is being restructured. Government secretary
Viorel Hrebenciuc, who addressed the gathering on 28 May, said the
government's reform program did not provide for closing mines, and
mines will continue to be subsidized by the state. He urged the
miners to elect a joint leadership, and they obviously obliged.
Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc.

DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION OF ROMANIA'S LEADERSHIP AGAINST A UNIFIED
OPPOSITION PARTY. The chairman of the Democratic Convention of
Romania, the main opposition alliance, says he opposes converting
the alliance into a single party. The plan was proposed by the
Liberal Party '93, one of the members of the alliance. The
chairman, Emil Constantinescu, said in a statement broadcast by
Radio Bucharest on 30 May that the alliance should not change its
structure and the liberals' proposal could lead to disputes within
the convention. At a news conference in Bucharest, the president
of the National Peasant Party Christian Democratic, Corneliu
Coposu, attacked the proposal for unification in strong words.
Coposu said it reflected "totalitarian" ideas and accused the
Liberal Party '93 of having advanced it in order to divert
attention from failures to bring about the unification of
Romania's several liberal parties.  Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc.

INDIAN PRESIDENT IN ROMANIA. India's president, Shankar Dayal
Sharma, is addressing a joint session of Romania's parliament on
31 May and will later meet premier Nicolae Vacaroiu, Romanian
media report. Sharma arrived in Bucharest on 30 May for a four-day
visit. In their first round of talks on the same day, Sharma and
President Ion Iliescu discussed bilateral issues and agreed to
develop new ways of cooperation, Rompres reports.  Michael Shafir,
RFE/RL Inc.

LOCAL ELECTIONS IN LATVIA. In local government elections held in
Latvia on 29 May about 739,000 or 58.5% of eligible voters
participated, BNS reported on 30 May. About 34% of Latvia's
population who are not Latvia's citizens were not allowed to vote.
Unofficial preliminary election results in Riga suggest that
Latvian nationalists were victorious, although 12 other parties
were also likely to have won seats. The major winners were the
Latvian National Independence Movement with 22 of the 60 seats in
the Riga council, the Saimnieks grouping of entrepreneurs with 11,
and For Fatherland and Freedom with 6. The ruling coalition,
Latvia's Way and Farmers' Union, won only 2 and 3 seats,
respectively. Observers from the European Union said that the
elections were free, democratic, and open.  Saulius Girnius,
RFE/RL Inc.

DISMANTLING OF REACTORS IN PALDISKI. On 30 May Estonian Foreign
Minister Juri Luik told the parliament that it will take three
years and about $10 million to dismantle the two training nuclear
reactors at Paldiski, BNS reports. The dismantling will proceed in
three stages. During the first the nuclear fuel will be removed
from the reactors and taken out of Estonia. Russia will remove
items it regards as state secrets during the second stage, while
the third stage will entail the transportation of the reactor
details and radioactive waste to Russia. Much of the necessary
funds are expected to be raised through donations from various
international sources which have already promised about $5
million.  Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL Inc.

LITHUANIA'S INDUSTRY TO PAY MORE FOR ELECTRICITY. From 1 June
electricity prices will increase by 25 to 50% for enterprises,
institutions, and other non-individual consumers, Radio Lithuania
reported on 30 May. Individual and industrial consumers now pay
0.08 litai ($0.02) for one kilowatt-hour and the price of
electricity to individual consumers will not increase. Depending
on the technical characteristics of industrial consumers,
electricity will cost from 0.01 to 0.012 litai.  Saulius Girnius,
RFE/RL Inc.

  [As of 1200 CET]
  Compiled by Elizabeth Teague and Jan B. de
  Weydenthal
The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research
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