|Every individual has a place to fill in the world, and is important, in some respect, whether he chooses to be so or not. - Nathaniel Hawthorne|
No. 102, 31 May 1994
RUSSIA RUSSIA-NATO PARTNERSHIP. Defense Minister Pavel Grachev said on 30 May that Russia would join the Partnership for Peace program in two to three weeks' time, provided that Russian proposals on cooperation with the Western alliance (presumably outside the strict confines of the Partnership program) were approved by NATO leaders, Interfax and ITAR-TASS reported that day. Grachev said he had the approval of President Boris Yeltsin on the issue. RFE/RL's Moscow correspondent reported the same day that Russian Foreign Ministry sources had indicated that Russian leaders hoped to join the program prior to Yeltsin's scheduled attendance at the G-7 summit in Italy in July. A delegation from the US Senate, led by Sam Nunn, is currently in Moscow and talks with Russian parliamentarians are expected to include Russia's participation in the NATO program. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc. RUSSIAN-SOUTH KOREAN TALKS TO FOCUS ON SECURITY. South Korean President Kim Young-sam is scheduled to leave for Moscow on 1 June to begin four days of talks on Moscow's role in the standoff over North Korea's presumed nuclear weapons program and on broader security problems on the Korean peninsula and in Northeast Asia, an aide to Kim said on 30 May. According to Reuters, Kim hopes to discuss Moscow's current view of the still active 1961 Soviet-North Korean military cooperation treaty; the aide was quoted as saying "we wouldn't ask Russia to break relations with North Korea. We would just take notice of Russia's weakening relations with North Korea." The aide also said that there was no evidence that Russia had provided weapons to North Korea since Yeltsin visited Seoul in 1992. He said Russia was expected to hand over documents pertaining to the launching of the 1950 Korean War. >From Moscow Kim will head to Tashkent, and then to Vladivostok. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL Inc. YELTSIN IN TATARSTAN. On his arrival in the industrial city on Naberezhnye chelni on 30 May, Yeltsin the recent treaty delimiting powers between Russian and Tatarstan had proved that his much criticized statement in 1991 that the republics and regions should take as much sovereignty as they could digest had been right, ITAR-TASS reported. Tatarstan President Shaimiev said that he believed in the phrase "Strong republics mean a strong center." Yeltsin said the important thing now was to implement the treaty. Emil Pain, an expert in the president's administration, said both parties were at present violating the treaty. Tatarstan was paying into the federal budget 4-5 times less than it should, while Russia was not ensuring that a mechanism was being devised to implement the treaty. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL Inc. YELTSIN GRANTS KAMAZ TAX RELIEF. One of the main events of Yeltsin's visit on 30 March was a visit to the giant KamAZ automobile plant, which is still recovering from a disastrous fire. Yeltsin said that the state had offered the plant much assistance to get over the fire, and noted with concern that the rate of reconstruction had slowed since February. He announced that KamAZ would be freed from paying profits tax and value-added tax until the end of 1994. He added that the plant should not rely solely on state assistance or forget that it had been turned into a shareholding company. In the evening Yeltsin left for the Tatarstan capital, Kazan. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL Inc. YELTSIN ON NEW ROLE OF COUNTERINTELLIGENCE. Yeltsin has called on the officers of the Federal Counterintelligence Service (FCS) to increase their efforts to counter foreign espionage and domestic corruption. The text of his address to the FCS, which is the successor of the Ministry of Security and the KGB, was published in Rossiiskaya gazeta on 28 May. Yeltsin called on the FCS to counteract forces "wishing to weaken Russia and turn it into a feeble partner with cheap labor and low intellectual potential." Yeltsin said the FCS must also direct its efforts against political groups and extremists that violate the constitutional order, though this did not mean, he asserted, that political surveillance was being reintroduced. He told the FCS to pay watch out for "criminal sources of finance of certain political campaigns." Finally, Yeltsin said he supported the restoration to the FCS of the investigative functions that the agency lost at the beginning of this year. Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL Inc. YELTSIN ISSUES DECREE ON COMBATING CRIME. Yeltsin has issued a decree calling for tougher measures against crime. The text of the document was distributed on 27 May by the presidential press service, ITAR-TASS reported that day. It calls among other things for the numbers of the interior ministry troops to be increased by 52,000 men. Elizabeth Teague, RFE/RL Inc. PRIVATIZATION SQUABBLE INTENSIFIES. Deputy Prime Minister Anatolii Chubais has charged that laws designed to promote privatization are being violated "massively" in Moscow, Reuters and ITAR-TASS reported on 27 May. Chubais went on to say he would ask the Prosecutor General to cancel certain orders issued earlier this year by Moscow Mayor Yurii Luzhkov. In an interview with Interfax on 28 May, Luzhkov retorted that he would use any legal proceedings to criticize the nationwide privatization process which, he charged, is ruining the state and benefiting speculators. On 30 May, Chubais announced that his post-voucher privatization program will be submitted to the State Duma by 15 June. If it is not adopted by the legislature by 1 July, he added, the new program will be implemented by presidential decree. Keith Bush, RFE/RL Inc. CHERNOMYRDIN TO MISS KEY BUDGET DEBATE? The prime minister's press office announced on 30 May that Viktor Chernomyrdin will take a two-week vacation, starting on 1 June, Reuters reported. He will therefore presumably not be present for the crucial debate on the 1994 budget scheduled to start in the State Duma on 8 June. In the meantime, according to Interfax of 29 May, the government, parliamentary committees, and individual legislators have prepared a joint package of 184 amendments to the draft budget. The most notable is a government proposal to allocate an additional 5.6 trillion rubles to finance spring field work. This appears to be over and above the 18 trillion rubles already allocated for farm support. Keith Bush, RFE/RL Inc. FALL IN GRAIN HARVEST PREDICTED. The head of Russia's state grain-purchasing agency, Roskhleboprodukt, told the State Duma on 27 May that the 1994 grain harvest may fall sharply this year--to about 80 million tons from 99 million tons last year; his remarks were quoted by Reuters. Elizabeth Teague, RFE/RL Inc. CONTINUED FALL IN OUTPUT FORECAST. The government's Center for Economic Analysis has announced that a drop of 25 percent in industrial output for the year is possible, Reuters reported on 27 May. It attributed the continued decline to lower domestic demand arising from tough monetary policies, high production costs, and competition from imported goods. Chernomyrdin, on the other hand, claimed that Russia's "economic crisis has reached its peak" and that output is rising, Russian agencies reported on 30 May. Keith Bush, RFE/RL Inc. TRADE UNIONS DEMAND WAGE HIKES. The Tripartite Commission on Social and Labor Relations, on which the Russian government, employers and unions are all represented, met at the White House on 27 May, Russian Television reported. No agreement was reached on the main item on the agenda--the setting of a new minimum wage. The unions are demanding an increase of 170 percent to 40,000 rubles a month, backdated to the beginning of May, while the government says the budget can stand no more than a 40 percent increase, and that as of June. Elizabeth Teague, RFE/RL Inc. CHECHNYA ACCUSES RUSSIA OF STATE TERRORISM. A Chechen Foreign Ministry statement on 30 May charged that Russia was behind the alleged attempt to assassinate Chechen President Dzhokhar Dudaev on 27 May and accused Moscow of state terrorism, Interfax reported. The statement said Chechnya would not resort to terrorism in response. Russian intelligence later denied the allegation, calling it absurd. Chechen authorities said Dudaev's wife and 11-year old son were injured by broken glass in the explosion. The son was said to be in a satisfactory condition. No information was given on the condition of Mrs. Dudaev. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL Inc. PRAVDA APPROVES OF KOZYREV. "Sometimes Kozyrev is a Patriot," read a Pravda headline on 27 May in response to Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev's performance at the meeting of Baltic foreign ministers in Estonia on 24-25 May. Pravda, which had previously distinguished itself as an ardent foe of the Russian foreign minister, quoted Kozyrev's comments with approval and refrained from criticizing the one Kozyrev statement that might have offended Russian nationalists: Kozyrev said discussions of border changes, including those with Ukraine, could not be entertained without opening up a Pandora's box of disputes. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL Inc. ATTEMPT TO JUSTIFY ARRESTS. Writing in Literaturnaya gazeta on 25 May, the critic Pavel Basinsky revived the old chestnut of the Brezhnev era, arguing that foreigners should not lecture the Russian authorities on human rights. Basinsky's article was occasioned by the protests of Russian literati and Western human rights organizations at the arrests of Aleksei Kostin, editor of the soft-porn weekly Eshshe (Some More), and Russian writer Zufar Gareev. Eshche was published in Moscow with the permission of the Russian Ministry of Press and Information from 1990 until 6 October 1993, on which date Kostin was arrested on charges of distributing pornography. Since then, he has been in Butyrka prison awaiting trial. Gareev, who signed a petition in Kostin's defense, was arrested earlier this month and charged by the office of the Moscow prosecutor with having copies of Eshche in his apartment. The prosecution is particularly bizarre in light of the abundance of erotic materials on sale in Moscow today. Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL Inc. CIS UKRAINIAN DEFENSE MINISTER ON PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE. Following a visit to NATO headquarters in Brussels, Ukrainian's defense minister, Vitalii Radetsky, gave his views on the Partnership for Peace program (PFP). According to Radetsky one of the main tasks facing Ukraine in the military-political sphere is to break down the "artificial barriers" separating Ukraine from the rest of Europe. Radetsky said the underlying principle of PFP was that, in order to guarantee its own security, each member of the Partnership should ensure that the security of the other members was guaranteed. In his words, "Security for oneself means security for all," Ukrainian television reported on 28 May. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. COMPROMISE OVER CRIMEAN INTERIOR MINISTRY. Ukraine's First Deputy Minister of the Interior, Valentyn Nedryhailo, and the Crimean Minister of the Interior, Valerii Kuznetsov, have reached a compromise as to whose jurisdiction the Crimean Interior Ministry should fall under, Ukrainian radio reported on 27 May. (On 18 May, Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk signed an order reorganizing Crimea's Interior Ministry into a department under the jurisdiction of Ukraine's Interior Ministry; Kuznetsov refused to honor the directive, and until now Ukrainian officials have been unable to implement it.) The compromise would allow for two separate structures: the Ministry of the Interior of Crimea and an autonomous directorate of Ukraine's Interior Ministry in Crimea. Currently, almost all interior ministry personnel in Crimea are following Kuznetsov's orders. The division of these personnel between the two structures is to be decided in the near future. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. CRIMEAN TATARS DEMAND VETO. The Organization of the Crimean Tatar National Movement (OKNR) is demanding that the Tatar faction in Crimea's parliament be given the right to veto some types of legislation, Ukrainian radio reported on 28 May. The reason given for the demand is that the majority of the parliament does not take the needs of the Crimean Tatars into consideration. If the veto power is not granted, the Tatar leadership has threatened to take the Tatar deputies out of parliament. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA GOVERNMENT-PARLIAMENT CONFRONTATION IN KAZAKHSTAN. Kazakhstan's Prime Minister, Sergei Tereshchenko, told Interfax in an interview on 30 May that he fears the Supreme Soviet's confrontation with his government could have serious repercussions. On 27 May, a majority of parliamentary deputies adopted a motion of no confidence in the socio-economic and legislative policies of Tereshchenko's government--the original draft of the motion called for a vote of no confidence in the government. The motivation for the vote, which has no constitutional validity, was anger at the government's failure to find a way out of Kazakhstan's sharp economic decline. The opening of the current session of the parliament was greeted by a demonstration of political figures and Almaty citizens criticizing Tereshchenko's anti-crisis program. Bess Brown, RFE/RL Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE BOSNIA UPDATE. On 30 May RFE/RL's South Slavic Language Service reported that Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic said that he might abstain from Geneva talks slated for 2-3 June if Serb troops fail to pull back from the Muslim enclave of Gorazde. Meanwhile, on 30 May the Bosnian parliament adjourned discussion aimed at ratifying the Bosnian Muslim-Croat federation until 31 May in order to afford deputies more time to arrive in Sarajevo. In other news, on 31 May Borba reported that Tuzla airport has been attacked by as yet unidentified forces, while AFP on 30 May reported that Serb troops have launched offensives in northern Bosnia in what appears to be a bid to reconquer lands held by the Bosnian army. Finally, international media reported on 31 May that Bosnian Croat leader Kresimir Zubak, scheduled to become president of the Bosnian Muslim-Croat federation, said he would press the claim that the federation receive at least 58% of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and not the 51% envisioned by recent partition plans. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL Inc. TUDJMAN MARKS NATIONAL DAY. On 31 May The Washington Post reports that Croatian President Franjo Tudjman marked the national day, celebrated in recognition of the gaining of Croatian independence three years ago, by, among other things, attending a ceremony at the national bank and "exchanging dinars for kunas." The kuna, Croatia's new currency, was launched on national day 30 May. The move has been strongly criticized because the name "kuna" was used to designate the money issued by Croatia's fascist government during World War II. On 31 May The Feral Tribune published an article under the headline "For a Handful of Kuna" which warns that the reintroduction of the kuna, evoking memories of Croatia's past, may tarnish the country's current international image. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL Inc. PINOCHET IN PRAGUE. Chilean Army Chief and former President General Augusto Pinochet arrived in Prague, Czech media reported on 30 May. Pinochet came as member of a Chilean military delegation to discuss the purchase of Czech-made arms and military equipment. Czech government officials distanced themselves from the visit, saying that Pinochet was not invited officially. The Interior Ministry even released a statement saying that the former dictator should not have been granted an entry visa to the Czech Republic. President Vaclav Havel's spokesman said at a press conference that the President thinks Czech-Chilean relations would be better served if they were "developed by internationally respected democrats." Jan Obrman, RFE/RL Inc. SLOVAK REACTION TO HUNGARIAN ELECTIONS. On 30 May the Democratic Union of Slovakia issued a statement saying that the election victory of the Hungarian Socialist Party and the relatively high showing of liberal-oriented parties is a positive development, TASR reports. The DUS, which is chaired by Slovak Premier Jozef Moravcik, expressed hope that the new Hungarian parliament will be more supportive of cooperation with Slovakia than the previous one. The statement said that in the future questions concerning bilateral relations could be solved in a more favorable atmosphere. CTK quotes Moravcik as saying that while he hopes the HSP will pursue a policy that could lead to a settlement of Slovak-Hungarian disputes, he does not expect a broad bilateral treaty to be concluded before this fall. In an interview with Slovak Radio on 30 May, Party of the Democratic Left Deputy Chairman Milan Ftacnik also expressed optimism concerning the Hungarian election results and noted that tension between Slovakia and Hungary could be reduced following the signing of a basic bilateral agreement. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL Inc. IMF OFFICIAL IN BRATISLAVA. Executive Director of the IMF Belgian group, William Kiekens, began a two-day visit to Bratislava on 30 May to continue discussions concerning a stand-by loan for Slovakia. Deputy Premier Brigita Schmoegnerova said that discussions are 98% concluded and that the relevant economic policies are expected to be approved by the cabinet on 31 May, TASR reports. Kiekens said he believed that all arrangements related to the stand-by loan would soon be settled. Kiekens expressed special interest in the supervision of the banking system, regulation of wages and Slovakia's clearing system with the Czech Republic. The cabinet also discussed its economic prognosis for 1995, which includes an annual inflation rate of 8%, a GDP growth of 2% and a budget deficit of 3% of GDP. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL Inc. HUNGARIAN DAILY DISTANCES ITSELF FROM ITS SOCIALIST IMAGE. Nepszabadsag, the Hungarian daily with the largest circulation, will no longer be called a socialist daily, MTI reported on 30 May. As a result of the overwhelming victory of the Hungarian Socialist Party (HSP) in the two rounds of national elections held in May, the paper's caption will be changed to " a national newspaper" According to Chief Editor Pal Eotvos, the daily, which was once owned by the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (Communist), maintained the socialist caption following the 1990 political changes and the paper's privatization as a gesture of support toward the HSP when it suffered defeat in the 1990 national elections. The party has won the recent elections and, in Eotvos' opinion, there is no more need for this gesture. Eotvos stressed that the newspaper has been serving not only socialist but liberal readers as well. Judith Pataki, RFE/RL Inc. POLISH LOCAL ELECTIONS: REGISTRATION COMPLETE. The National Election Office reported on 30 May that a lack of candidates will force the cancellation of local elections in only 4 of Poland's 46,500 single-seat election districts. In 3,377 of these districts--established for communities of fewer than 40,000 residents--a single candidate is running unopposed. When the initial registration deadline passed on 20 May, no candidate or only one candidate had registered in over 5,500 single-seat districts, raising fears of widespread public indifference to the elections. As the law requires, the deadline was then extended for five days. In the end, more than 142,000 candidates registered for the single-seat contests, or an average of 3 candidates per seat. Lack of candidates was never a problem in urban districts of more than 40,000 residents, where voters choose candidates from party lists; by the 20 May deadline, 36,500 candidates had registered to compete for 5,532 seats (or more than 6 per seat). The local elections are scheduled for 19 June. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL Inc. POLISH PEASANT PARTY LEADS POLLS? The OBOP polling firm reported on 27 May that 61% of respondents say they intend to vote in the local government elections. Two-thirds of those polled in rural areas and small towns intend to vote, ahead of the 56% in urban areas. Asked about party preferences, 19% say they support the ruling Polish Peasant Party (PSL); 14% favor the Democratic Left Alliance (SLD); 10% support the opposition Freedom Union (UW); and 6% each back the Union of Labor, Solidarity, and the Nonparty Reform Bloc (BBWR). 26% remained undecided. In rural areas, the PSL commands the support of 27% of respondents, while the SLD and UW dominate in the cities, with 16% each. In a separate poll reported on 31 May, however, Rzeczpospolita claimed that support for the PSL has dropped dramatically, to only 12%, and amounts to less than half that for the SLD and slightly less than that for the UW. In yet another poll conducted by Demoskop and reported by PAP on 27 May, 65% of respondents said that there is no party that represents their interests. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL Inc. POLISH STOCK MARKET IN THE BLACK. Wieslaw Rozlucki was reelected by shareholders to a three-year term as chairman of the Warsaw stock exchange on 30 May, PAP reports. In its third year, the Warsaw exchange recorded a net profit for the first time; this amounted to over 171 billion zloty ($7.8 million). Rozlucki told reporters that the exchange had covered its own startup costs of 108 billion zloty in three years' taxes paid to the state budget. He also announced plans to expand market sessions to four per week, beginning on 1 July, provided the brokerages agree. He noted that the Warsaw exchange is seeking membership in the International Federation of Stock Exchanges as the first stock market in a former communist country. Two new firms--Jelfa and AmerBank--were approved for trading on the main market, PAP reports. In other business news, Poland's Transport Minister, Boguslaw Liberadzki, told PAP on 30 May that "the time has come to privatize our flagship carrier," the national airline LOT. Liberadzki said the government plans to sell a 49% share but gave no details as to potential buyers. Finally, on 30 May the finance ministry announced plans to introduce a revised property tax, to be levied on the basis of value, rather than size, as is now the case. Local communities will impose the new tax (reportedly of up to 3%) no sooner than in 1997, Polish TV reports. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL Inc. BSP SAYS SUPPORT FOR BEROV IS CONDITIONAL. Domestic newspapers on 30 and 31 May speculate that the parliamentary vote of confidence, held on 27 May, has failed to stabilize the Bulgarian government after all. The main problem is that the Supreme Council of the Bulgarian Socialist Party decided on 29 May to continue backing premier Lyuben Berov only if it considers acceptable the changes in the composition and policy of the government which will be proposed in an upcoming reshuffle. BSP Chairman Jean Videnov wanted the party to go further and reject any kind of government reorganization plus Berov's tentative plan of action, which he described as "rubbish." The Supreme Council nevertheless seemed content by recommending Socialist deputies to vote against any planned changes which might make the cabinet more dependent on the interests of individual parties. Lately, there have been many indications that the BSP has been encouraged by the election victories of ex communist parties in Poland and Hungary, and consequently is split on whether to support Berov or seek early elections. The chairman of its youth organization, Lyubomir Nikolov, told Bulgarian National Radio on 30 May that a national meeting on the previous day had voted against backing Berov. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL Inc. ROMANIA'S COAL MINERS SET UP UNIFIED STRUCTURE. A two-day joint meeting of Romania's main coal miners' trade unions was held in the Jiu valley town of Petrosani on 28 and 29 May. At the end of the meeting (called by the participants "the Miners' Congress") a resolution was adopted providing, among other things for setting up a unified structure of the miners' trade unions, Romanian media announced on 29 May. This umbrella organization will be called The Christian-Democratic Miners' Convention Saint Varvara. The participants elected as leader of the convention the controversial miners' leader Miron Cosma, who led several descents of the miners on Bucharest in 1990 and 1991. Participants emphasized fear of layoffs as the economy is being restructured. Government secretary Viorel Hrebenciuc, who addressed the gathering on 28 May, said the government's reform program did not provide for closing mines, and mines will continue to be subsidized by the state. He urged the miners to elect a joint leadership, and they obviously obliged. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION OF ROMANIA'S LEADERSHIP AGAINST A UNIFIED OPPOSITION PARTY. The chairman of the Democratic Convention of Romania, the main opposition alliance, says he opposes converting the alliance into a single party. The plan was proposed by the Liberal Party '93, one of the members of the alliance. The chairman, Emil Constantinescu, said in a statement broadcast by Radio Bucharest on 30 May that the alliance should not change its structure and the liberals' proposal could lead to disputes within the convention. At a news conference in Bucharest, the president of the National Peasant Party Christian Democratic, Corneliu Coposu, attacked the proposal for unification in strong words. Coposu said it reflected "totalitarian" ideas and accused the Liberal Party '93 of having advanced it in order to divert attention from failures to bring about the unification of Romania's several liberal parties. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. INDIAN PRESIDENT IN ROMANIA. India's president, Shankar Dayal Sharma, is addressing a joint session of Romania's parliament on 31 May and will later meet premier Nicolae Vacaroiu, Romanian media report. Sharma arrived in Bucharest on 30 May for a four-day visit. In their first round of talks on the same day, Sharma and President Ion Iliescu discussed bilateral issues and agreed to develop new ways of cooperation, Rompres reports. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL Inc. LOCAL ELECTIONS IN LATVIA. In local government elections held in Latvia on 29 May about 739,000 or 58.5% of eligible voters participated, BNS reported on 30 May. About 34% of Latvia's population who are not Latvia's citizens were not allowed to vote. Unofficial preliminary election results in Riga suggest that Latvian nationalists were victorious, although 12 other parties were also likely to have won seats. The major winners were the Latvian National Independence Movement with 22 of the 60 seats in the Riga council, the Saimnieks grouping of entrepreneurs with 11, and For Fatherland and Freedom with 6. The ruling coalition, Latvia's Way and Farmers' Union, won only 2 and 3 seats, respectively. Observers from the European Union said that the elections were free, democratic, and open. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL Inc. DISMANTLING OF REACTORS IN PALDISKI. On 30 May Estonian Foreign Minister Juri Luik told the parliament that it will take three years and about $10 million to dismantle the two training nuclear reactors at Paldiski, BNS reports. The dismantling will proceed in three stages. During the first the nuclear fuel will be removed from the reactors and taken out of Estonia. Russia will remove items it regards as state secrets during the second stage, while the third stage will entail the transportation of the reactor details and radioactive waste to Russia. Much of the necessary funds are expected to be raised through donations from various international sources which have already promised about $5 million. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL Inc. LITHUANIA'S INDUSTRY TO PAY MORE FOR ELECTRICITY. From 1 June electricity prices will increase by 25 to 50% for enterprises, institutions, and other non-individual consumers, Radio Lithuania reported on 30 May. Individual and industrial consumers now pay 0.08 litai ($0.02) for one kilowatt-hour and the price of electricity to individual consumers will not increase. Depending on the technical characteristics of industrial consumers, electricity will cost from 0.01 to 0.012 litai. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL Inc. [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Elizabeth Teague and Jan B. de Weydenthal The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU. This report is also available by postal mail, as are the other publications of the Institute, and by fax. 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