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No. 100, 27 May 1994
RUSSIA KOZYREV AT EUROPEAN STABILITY CONFERENCE. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev said at the Conference on Stability in Europe in Paris on 26 May that Russia supported the use of the CSCE for solving interethnic and border conflicts rather than the creation of new bodies for this purpose. The conference proposed creating roundtables for problems related to troop withdrawals and the rights of ethnic Russians in Latvia and Estonia. It also called for a roundtable to discuss how minority problems affect stability of borders in central Europe. The aim of the conference was to produce a stability pact which will tame such problems among potential EU members. Kozyrev did not show confidence in the idea of roundtables and warned against the "duplication or weakening of existing international institutions and negotiating mechanisms." Kozyrev added: "Discussion of issues related to state borders as well as to national minorities should take place exclusively in the framework established by CSCE documents," AFP reported. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc. CRUCIAL DEBATE ON DEFENSE EXPENDITURE ANTICIPATED. The State Duma was scheduled to hold a closed-door session on 27 May to debate the explosive topic of planned defense expenditures in 1994, an RFE/RL correspondent reported on 25 May, but Reuters reported on 27 May that the debate had been postponed until 8 June. The current draft of the consolidated budget for 1994 provides for a defense allocation of 37.1 trillion rubles, well down from the Defense Ministry's initial bid of over 80 trillion rubles and also below the 55-trillion figure that defense lobbyists assert is the absolute minimum to provide for the defense of Russia and to cover the social costs of withdrawal from the near abroad and from more distant outposts. However, during the early infighting over planned expenditures, the agro-industrial complex has already secured most of what it wanted--18.1 trillion rubles--from what limited discretionary funds were left, and projected budgetary revenues have been diminished by the unexpected slump in output during the first four months of the year. The president and his cabinet are said to be supportive of increased defense spending to something like the 55 trillion rubles claimed to be the defense minimum subsistence level. Keith Bush RUSSIA'S GOLD RESERVES. Acting Finance Minister Sergei Dubinin told the Financial Information Agency on 25 May that Russia's aggregate gold stocks, including the state and the Central Bank's reserves, currently amount to an estimated 350-400 tons, Interfax reported. The state and Central Bank reserves were reported to be an estimated 315 tons in 1993. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. DUMA, YELTSIN, WRANGLE OVER AIRTIME. On 27 May, Presidential spokesperson Vyacheslav Kostikov blasted the Duma for its attempt to reserve daily radio and television airtime so that it could broadcast coverage of parliamentary proceedings. Kostikov noted that the Duma's move could "damage the process of social reconciliation" according to a Reuters report of the same day. Despite the president's opposition, however, the Duma went ahead and passed a resolution in favor of the slots and establishing a parliamentary TV company that would prepare the broadcasts. While clearly an attempt to gain wider social support for the Duma, the move could backfire if it displaces genuinely popular TV shows such as "Santa Barbara" or "Prosto Maria." John Lepingwell, RFE/RL, Inc. SOLZHENITSYN GOES HOME. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and his family left Anchorage on 26 May en route to Vladivostok, Western agencies reported. At a half-hour refueling stop at Magadan he spoke briefly with former labor camp prisoners still residing there and paid homage to the hundreds of thousands of victims who died in the camps in the Kolyma region. He plans to travel by train across Russia to Moscow. The writer told reporters that he will not seek or accept any elected or appointed government position in Russia, but hoped to participate in a "spiritual and moral" recovery of the country comparable to that which occurred in Germany after the war. Keith Bush and Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. ANNIVERSARY OF ENDING OF CAUCASIAN WAR COMMEMORATED. The 130th anniversary of the ending of the Caucasian war was marked on 22 May in Moscow, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachaevo-Cherkessia, and Chechnya, ITAR-TASS reported. In Cherkessk, where 22 May has been declared an annual non-working day of mourning, a public meeting addressed an appeal to Yeltsin calling on him to recognize that the war led to the genocide of the Adygeis (Cherkess) and the turning of those forced to emigrate into exiles. In the Kabardino-Balkar capital, Nalchik, the ceremonies were attended by a delegation of the Russian State Duma, representatives of the North Caucasian republics and krais, as well as foreign delegations, and the new Russian Minister for Nationalities Affairs and Regional Policy, Nikolai Egorov spoke. In Grozny there was a march past of units of the new Chechen army to whom Dudaev handed standards and banners before the parade. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL, Inc. CIS UKRAINE TO APPEAL TO UN OVER BLACK SEA FLEET. On 26 May Reuters reported that Ukraine plans to appeal to the UN Security Council over the deployment of the Black Sea Fleet on its territory. Following the failure to reach an agreement over the division and basing of the fleet, Ukrainian officials have said that the continued presence of the fleet on Ukrainian territory was illegal. According to a statement issued after the breakup of the talks, "the status of the Russian part of the fleet is in no way different from the status of Russian troops in the Baltic states. Russian troops must leave the Baltic and Ukraine." Previously it had appeared that Ukraine had reconciled itself to a prolonged presence of the Russian part of the Black Sea Fleet on its territory. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. UN BODY ENDORSES REVISED SHIPPING REGULATIONS. The UN's International Maritime Organization has endorsed the new proposals drafted by Turkey imposing restrictions on the passage of shipping, specifically vessels carrying oil or nuclear waste, through the Turkish straits, Reuters reported on 25 May. The new regulations, which had been opposed by the Russian government on the grounds that they contradict the 1936 Treaty of Montreux, will come into force on 1 November; Turkey had originally intended to enforce them as of 1 July. The possibility of extending a Russian-Georgian oil pipeline to Turkey, which would provide an alternative export route for oil from Russia and other CIS states, was discussed at a meeting in Moscow between Russian first deputy premier Oleg Soskovets and the Turkish Ambassador to Moscow, Aikhan Kamel, Interfax reported on 25 May. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA ANTI-GOVERNMENT DEMONSTRATION IN TBILISI. On 26 May, the anniversary of the declaration of Georgia's independence in 1918, some 3,000 opposition deputies and Georgian refugees from Abkhazia staged a demonstration in central Tbilisi to demand that Georgia's membership in the CIS and all agreements on a settlement of the Abkhaz conflict be invalidated; that Abkhazia be declared occupied by Russia; and that parliament chairman Eduard Shevardnadze resign, Interfax and ITAR-TASS reported. Some 1,000 supporters of deceased president Zviad Gamsakhurdia staged a separate demonstration near his home. Interfax quoted an opinion poll conducted by a Georgian newspaper disclosing that 26.5 percent of respondents believe the present Georgian leadership will be removed as a result of pressure by opposition forces, 14.3 percent--under popular pressure and 10.9 percent--under pressure from within the parliament. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIAN PEACEKEEPERS FOR ABKHAZIA? Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Boris Pastukhov and Deputy Defense Minister Georgii Kondratev outlined Russian proposals for a peacekeeping force in Abkhazia to UN officials in New York on 26 May, according to The New York Times of 27 May. Although UN assent to the proposal is not expected before next week, a group of Russian officers under Lieutenant-General Aleksandr Sokolov flew to Abkhazia on 26 May to determine where the peacekeeping forces will be deployed, Interfax reported. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. VOLSKY IN DUSHANBE. Members of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs have been in Dushanbe signing agreements on Russian investment in Tajik development projects, including completion of the Rogun power station, Interfax reported on 26 May. The union's chief, Arkadii Volsky, met with Tajik head of state Imomali Rakhmonov to discuss Russian-Tajik economic integration and Russian investment in the Central Asian country. Volsky favors Tajikistan's speedy entry into the ruble zone, an enthusiasm not shared by all Russian economic officials. Reporting on the eagerness with which Tajik officials are pressing for economic integration with Russia because of the desperate state of the Tajik economy, the 26 May issue of Nezavisimaya gazeta noted that Tajikistan's Communist Party has organized a movement to promote restoration of the USSR. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. DZHUMAGULOV ON GOVERNMENT REFORM. Kyrgyzstan's Prime Minister Apas Dzhumagulov told the parliament on 26 May that the government intends to reduce the number of ministries and overhaul its management system in order to limit state interference in the economy, Interfax reported. Government officials have announced earlier that state subsidies to unprofitable industries are to reduced or ended. Dzhumagulov also announced plans to abolish oblasts in Kyrgyzstan in the interests of reducing layers of bureaucracy, but not immediately because such a move would have "unpredictable consequences." Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. NIYAZOV IN IRAN. Turkmenistan's President Saparmurad Niyazov met with his Iranian counterpart in Mashhad on 26 May for further discussions on a planned pipeline across Iran to deliver Turkmen gas to Europe, Western and Iranian news agencies reported. Niyazov renewed requests for Iranian help in developing Turkmenistan's considerable gas and oil reserves, and also in the agricultural sector. The Iranian news agency IRNA complained that the US was trying to block construction of the gas pipeline. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE BOSNIA TALKS CONCLUDE, FIGHTING CONTINUES. On 26 May international media reported that talks in Talloires, France, involving Bosnian Croat, Muslim, and Serb leaders and international mediators from the "contact group" consisting of France, Germany, Great Britain, Russia and the United States concluded after two days, without producing any agreements on ending the conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Talks are slated to resume in about ten days, but no date has yet been fixed. In other news, on 26 May AFP and Reuters reported that Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic is in Zagreb to meet with (as yet unnamed) officials. Silajdzic is to discuss the Bosnian Serb offensives against the town of Bihac, situated in northern Bosnia. These offensives were described by Bosnian Muslim officials as "very serious." In addition, international media report on 27 May that fighting between Bosnian Muslim forces, supported by Bosnian Croat allies, and Bosnian Serbs, continues around Tesanj. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. CROATIA'S POLITICAL CRISIS DEEPENS. On 27 May the Croatian media continued reporting on the parliamentary crisis dividing the ruling Croatian Democratic Community (HDZ) and opposition parties. Vecernji list carries an interview with the newly selected parliamentary speaker, Nedjeljko Mihanovic. He vows that opposition strategies such as parliamentary boycotts will not be tolerated to the point where they will impede the work of the Sabor or of "the functioning of the Croatian state." Croatian TV reported on 26 May that the parliament is to reconvene next week, following negotiations between the HDZ and the opposition. On 26 May RFE/RL's South Slavic Language Service reported that Croatian President Franjo Tudjman had stated for the record that he had intended to dissolve the parliament if speakers Stipe Mesic and Josip Manolic had not stepped down. Mesic, replaced by Mihanovic, continues to regard himself as speaker. Meanwhile, continuing to exacerbate HDZ relations with the opposition is the perception that the ruling HDZ intends to keep Mesic and Manolic out of all official parliamentary posts. Finally, on 26 May Reuters observed that reports that Prime Minister Nikica Valentic is also planning to bolt from HDZ ranks are being categorically denied. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. SESELJ UNSATISFIED WITH BOSNIA SPLIT; KRAJINA TALKS ON HOLD. On 27 May Borba reports on comments delivered by Serbian ultranationalist Serbian Radical Party (SRS) leader Vojislav Seselj at a press conference in which Seselj denounced recent proposals to split Bosnia and Herzegovina along the lines of 51-49%. Seselj stated categorically that a split along any lines except those which recognize the current, presumably military frontiers, would lead only to further conflict. Bosnian Serb forces presently control about 70% of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Meanwhile, on 26 May Reuters reported that UN mediator Kai Eide of Norway said in Zagreb that he intends to suspend efforts to bring Croatia and representatives from the breakaway Serb-controlled republic of Krajina to the negotiating table. According to reports, Eide's two-month long efforts have proved unsuccessful at bridging the parties' "irreconcilable positions." Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. CZECHS AND SLOVAKS STRENGTHEN TIES. On 26 May Czech President Vaclav Havel paid a one-day official visit to Slovakia to meet with his Slovak counterpart Michal Kovac, TASR and Reuters report. The two presidents agreed that remaining issues concerning the Czech-Slovak split have become technical rather than political in nature, and they should be resolved by the end of the year. Expressing concern about the decline of cultural and economic ties, both Havel and Kovac said they would support joint art and cultural associations, student exchange programs and an institute for Czechoslovak studies. Talks also focused on ways to revive bilateral trade. Concerning the upcoming Slovak elections, Havel warned the Slovaks not to "play the anti-Czech card," saying "it is not a good idea to build a political career on an anti-Czech agenda." Havel also met with Slovak Premier Jozef Moravcik to discuss the current situation in Slovakia and bilateral relations. Slovak and Czech Cultural Ministers Lubomir Roman and Pavel Tigrid, respectively, discussed the need to revive cultural and spiritual relations between the two nations. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. KINKEL CALLS FOR CZECH-SUDETEN GERMAN DIALOGUE. German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel said at a press conference in Paris that "it would be good if the Czech side would start a dialogue with Sudeten Germans," Czech dailies reported on 27 May. Kinkel, who attended the Pact for Stability conference, complained about the fact that the Sudeten German issue tends to become very emotional and stressed that it must not burden Czech-German relations. The German foreign minister added that the Czech-German friendship treaty of 1992 failed to address certain problematic issues which should be addressed in bilateral talks now. Czech Foreign Minister Josef Zieleniec who is also in Paris responded at another press conference by saying that a dialogue is underway on various levels; he added that the German government is the only partner for the Czech government, however. In another development, Czech and Slovak Presidents Vaclav Havel and Michal Kovac told journalists in Bratislava that the so-called Benes decrees, which governed the expulsion of the German minority for Czechoslovakia, will not be abolished. Jan Obrman, RFE/RL, Inc. ATTEMPT TO REMOVE SLOVAK PRIVATIZATION MINISTER FAILS. On 26 May Milan Janicina narrowly survived a vote of confidence in the parliament. The motion was brought forward by the opposition Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, which accused Janicina of corruption and conflict of interests, TASR and Reuters report. A total of 71 deputies voted against the minister, with 63 voting in favor, but the motion needed 76 votes in order to pass through the 150-member parliament. The MDS already attempted to remove Deputy Premier Roman Kovac through similar methods. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. WORLD BANK STATEMENTS CAUSE STIR IN SLOVAKIA. A report by Reuters on 25 May containing statements by World Bank representative Ulrich Hewer has caused a stir in the Slovak banking sector. The statement said that four Slovak banks--Slovenska Statna Sporitelna, Vseobecna Uverova Bank, Investicna a Rozvojova Bank and Konsolidacna Bank--are troubled with bad loans and inexperience. On 26 May Vseobecna Uverova Bank president Jozef Mudrik said he was surprised by Hewer's statements since neither he nor the author of the Reuters report had visited the bank. Mudrik said that within the past four years his bank has provided very few new loans, and he ensured that his bank was one of the first in the former Czechoslovakia to have the quality of its credit portfolio verified by Coopers & Lybrant, TASR reports. Representatives of the three other banks in question also rejected Hewer's claims. The Slovak National Bank issued a statement guaranteeing that deposits in Slovakia's largest banks are secure. Representatives of the World Bank are presently visiting Slovakia to discuss privatization, macroeconomic developments and the development of the banking system. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNGARIAN PRIME MINISTER ON ELECTIONS. Speaking on Hungarian television's electoral program on 26 May, Peter Boross warned that the most dangerous outcome for Hungarian democracy would be if the Hungarian Socialist Party, the former reform communists, and the Alliance of Free Democrats attained a two-third majority in the new parliament, MTI reports. This would, according to Boross, pose an even greater danger than an absolute majority for the HSP, since it would enable the two parties to change the constitution and give them an unhealthy concentration of power. On the same day, a statement issued by the largest governing party, the Hungarian Democratic Forum, repeated Boross' warning, and called on voters to assure with their ballots that the HDF can act as a strong opposition party and help preserve the achievements of the past four years. The second decisive round of the Hungarian elections will take place on 29 May when the distribution of 259 of the 386 parliamentary seats will be decided. The election will be valid if voter participation exceeds 25%. Edith Oltay, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNGARY TO RECEIVE AID FOR REFUGEES FROM EX-YUGOSLAVIA. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees will give Hungary $3.3 million to help take care of refugees from former Yugoslavia, UNHCR spokesman Mihaly Hardy told MTI on 26 May. He said that about $2.2 million will be used to buy food, and the rest will go toward purchasing household products, aiding Hungarian families who give shelter to refugees, and paying for medical care. Hardy reported that there are 6,663 refugees in Hungary, 4,375 of whom are staying with Hungarian families. He estimated that there are an additional 20,000 to 30,000 refugees in the country who did not register officially because they feared that their families would be harassed by the authorities in rump Yugoslavia or that their chances of returning home once the fighting is over would be endangered. Edith Oltay, RFE/RL, Inc. POLAND ON EUROPEAN "STABILITY PACT." Speaking at the "Conference on Stability in Europe" convened at the suggestion of French Prime Minister Edouard Balladur and under EU auspices in Paris on 26 May, Polish Foreign Minister Andrzej Olechowski stressed that Eastern Europe cannot be held to special standards on ethnic minorities that do not apply generally in Europe. Olechowski also warned against allowing deliberations on the proposed "stability pact" to interfere with efforts of East European countries to join the EU. He also argued that the ten countries seeking admission to the EU do not comprise the region most in need of stability in Europe but said Poland will participate despite its reservations. Poland's experience in settling border problems and minority issues could be treated as a model, Olechowski said. He announced that Poland will soon propose a series of bilateral military measures to improve regional security. The Paris conference is expected to yield several "tables" to attempt to settle regional disagreements, particularly in the Baltic. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. ABORTION BACK ON POLISH AGENDA. The Sejm voted unexpectedly on 26 May to consider legislation that would relax the abortion ban in force in Poland since early 1993, PAP reports. A final vote could now take place on 23 June, four days after the local government elections. Amendments proposed by left-wing deputies would permit abortion in cases where the pregnant woman faces material or emotional hardship. At present, abortion is permitted only in cases of rape or incest, when the woman's life is threatened, or when the fetus is damaged beyond repair. The revisions have the support of the Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) and the Union of Labor, along with part of the Polish Peasant Party (PSL). The opposition Freedom Union, traditionally too diverse to take a stance on the issue, charged the ruling coalition with attempting to manipulate the political climate in advance of the local elections. The SLD has consistently supported liberal abortion provisions; it is pushing the issue now to convince voters that it is fulfilling campaign promises, rather than simply taking a back seat to its agrarian coalition ally, the PSL. Cardinal Jozef Glemp criticized the draft amendments on 27 May as "yet another political game" that would legalize the "murder of innocent children." Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. POLAND SKEPTICAL ABOUT NATO PARTNERSHIP. During the defense ministers' meeting in Brussels on 25 May, Poland alone among the eighteen potential NATO "partner" countries criticized the Partnership for Peace program as overly vague. Polish Defense Minister Piotr Kolodziejczyk said the program fails to define clearly how to move from partnership to membership. He also criticized the Western assumption that Eastern Europe should first join the European Union, integrate economically, and only later receive security guarantees. The two processes need to take place side-by-side, Kolodziejczyk said, because Poland does not have 50 years to spare. Kolodziejczyk spoke informally with Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev several times during the session. Grachev reportedly proposed that Russia would take into account Baltic concern over the concentration of Russian forces in Kaliningrad if Poland and the Baltic States supported a Russian proposal to increase forces in the north and the Caucasus. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. ATHENS WARNS TIRANA OF MISTREATING ETHNIC GREEKS. Western agencies report that Greek Foreign Minister Karolos Papoulias issued on 26 May a "strong warning" to Albania, urging the country to respect the rights of ethnic Greeks. The statement came hours after a spokesman of Papoulias' ministry said Albanian authorities had arrested four ethnic Greeks and were searching the country to apprehend other ten members of that community. Papoulias said he feared Tirana's ultimate goal could be to drive out Greeks from the southern province of the country. In Albania, journalists came up with somewhat conflicting information, with the Foreign Ministry denying the reports and a Gjirokastra district prosecutor saying that several Greeks had been called in for questioning, though none were arrested. Two days earlier, Greece protested against the charges against six alleged secessionists and canceled a meeting between the countries' foreign ministers. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc. BEROV WINS VOTE OF CONFIDENCE. Prime Minister Lyuben Berov survived by a small margin a vote of confidence in parliament on 26 May, Bulgarian and Western media report. The motion, introduced by Berov himself in order to strengthen the cabinet's weakened position after suffering defeat in two ballots one week earlier, was backed by 125 votes against 95--four more than required. Afterwards, Berov told the National Assembly he plans to go on ruling for about three more months but would then resign to pave the way for new elections. On 27 May the dailies associated with the opposition Union of Democratic Forces are sharply critical of the mainly Turkish Movement for Rights and Freedoms, for having acted as if it had finally withdrawn its support for Berov but coming to his defense when the decisive moment arrived. They also speculate on what may have been agreed during the intensive consultations which preceded the vote; those talks were held between Berov and representatives of the caucuses except the UDF and the Independence Parliamentary Union. Duma reports that an internal vote in the faction of the Bulgarian Socialist Party on whether to support an extension of Berov's mandate also had been narrow, with 55 votes to 40. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIAN POLICEMEN SENTENCED IN LANDMARK CASE. Two policemen found guilty of torturing and murdering a suspect in custody were given 15-year prison sentences on 26 May, Romanian and Western media report. The two, Lt. Gheorghe Branisteanu and Sgt. Maj. Cristian Dinca, were accused of having beaten to death the 37-year-old Constantin Barza at a Bucharest police station last December, after the latter had been reported as an intruder by a neighbor. The incident grew out into a landmark case after Romanian media provided graphic details of the torture to which the victim had been subjected. Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. MOLDOVA ADVERTISES MIG-29 PLANES FOR SALE. Moldova's Defense Ministry announced on 26 May that it is holding an air show on 28 May, featuring demonstration flights by its MIG-29 combat aircraft. Having inherited from the USSR an air force regiment comprised of some 30 MIG-29s, based at Marculesti airport north of Chisinau, Moldova seeks to sell the planes on the international market or to exchange them for other types of military equipment. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. LITHUANIAN PARLIAMENT CHAIRMAN IN FINLAND. On 25 May Seimas chairman Ceslovas Stankevicius, heading a delegation of five parliament deputies of various factions, began a three-day visit to Helsinki at the invitation of his Finnish counterpart, Rita Ousukainen. On 25 May the delegation met with representatives of Finnish parliamentary factions, visited Finland's national TV, and the Ministry of Trade and Industry. On 26 May it traveled about a 100 kilometers from Helsinki to the town of Hamina, noted for its processing industries. On 27 May the delegation will visit the Bank of Finland, attend a parliament session, and meet with President Martti Ahtisaari before returning to Lithuania in the evening, Radio Lithuania reports. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. LATVIAN GOVERNMENT TO LIBERALIZE REGULATIONS ON FOREIGN INVESTMENTS. In order to speed up Latvia's economic development and changeover to a market economy, the government of Prime Minister Valdis Birkavs announced on 24 May that foreign investors will be allowed to buy real estate in Latvia. This step, part of a larger plan to foster Latvia's economic recovery, is taken in order to increase foreign investments in the country. The government also intends to speed up privatization, expand exports and trade, improve transportation and telecommunication networks, as well as streamline the work of financial institutions, Latvian media announced on 25 May. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. BIDS ACCEPTED FOR DISMANTLING OF SKRUNDA RADAR STATION. The Latvian Economic Ministry is accepting bids from entrepreneurs in Latvia for the dismantling of the newer constructions of the Russian radar complex at Skrunda until 1 August. Russia turned over to Latvia this section of Skrunda earlier this month, in accordance with one of the provisions in the accords on the withdrawal of Russian forces signed by Latvia and Russia on 30 April. The results of the competition are expected to be announced around 20 October 1994, after a thorough evaluation of each project and the estimated costs, Diena reported on 26 May. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Saulius Girnius and Michael Shafir The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU. This report is also available by postal mail, as are the other publications of the Institute, and by fax. RFE/RL NEWS BRIEFS, an edited compendium of items first published in the Daily Report, is distributed along with the RFE/RL RESEARCH REPORT, a weekly journal providing topical analyses of political, economic and security developments throughout the Institute's area of interest. Longer analyses are available in a monograph series, RFE/RL STUDIES, and brief analytic summaries appear monthly in the RESEARCH BULLETIN. 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