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No. 86, 5 May 1994
RUSSIA DEFENSE INDUSTRY WORKERS STEP UP PRESSURE ON GOVERNMENT. A spokesman for the trade unions representing workers in the defense industries told Interfax on 4 May that "most of the industry's workforce" had to go on forced leave starting on 1 May. Stoppages were said to be widespread in the Vladimir, Nizhny Novgorod, and Samara regions. The defense workers are now in a "pre-strike" mode, and are demanding, inter alia, the payment of government arrears to the industry, the resolution of the nonpayments crisis, and tax cuts. Representatives of the "pre-strikers" have asked to meet with First Deputy Prime Minister Oleg Soskovets, who is known to favor more government support for the military-industrial complex. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. INFLATION RATE UP IN APRIL. The inflation rate rose by one percentage point, to 9.7 percent, in April, Interfax and Reuters reported on 4 May. The monthly rates for the months of January through April, according to the government's statistical committee Roskomstat, have been 22.0, 9.0, 8.7, and 9.7 percent respectively. The official data on inflation have been criticized as understatements, in that they do not fully capture changes in the prices of goods and services supplied by the private sector, but the amount of distortion is fairly constant, and the important feature is the trend. Many observers agree with economist Grigorii Yavlinsky's oft-repeated prognosis that inflation will edge up over the next few months then explode in late summer. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. GAS SUPPLY TO REGIONS THREATENED. The state gas monopoly concern Gazprom threatened to suspend the supply of gas to 13 republics, regions, and territories between 4 and 9 May, Interfax reported on 4 May. The regions concerned were said to be 3 billion rubles in arrears with payments for past supplies of gas (the figure is probably 3 trillion rubles). Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. SIGNING OF CIVIC ACCORD TO CONTINUE ON 5 MAY. ITAR-TASS of 4 May quoted the president's chief of staff Sergei Filatov as saying that the process of adding signatories to the Civic Accord is expected to continue. According to Filatov, about 200 Russian bankers and industrialists will add their names to the document on 5 May. Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL, Inc. TRIAL OF AUGUST 1991 COUP ORGANIZERS TO BE RESUMED? General Valentin Varennikov, one of the defendants in the August 1991 coup trial, has rejected the amnesty granted by the State Duma earlier this year. This means that the August 1991 coup trial may be resumed. Interfax and an RFE/RL correspondent in Moscow reported Varennikov's move on 4 May and quoted the general as saying that he expects the military collegium to pronounce its judgment on those responsible for the collapse of the USSR--namely, former USSR President Mikhail Gorbachev and his associates, Eduard Shevardnadze and Aleksandr Yakovlev. Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL, Inc. KOZYREV, CHRISTOPHER MEET. Following the signing ceremony for the Gaza-Jericho agreement, Andrei Kozyrev and his US counterpart Warren Christopher met to discuss the situation in Bosnia. They called for an immediate cessation of hostilities in the region and said that a ministerial meeting--an event for which Russia has been campaigning--might be held in Geneva on 13 May, ITAR-TASS reported. Meanwhile, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister and special envoy Vitalii Churkin was quoted by Interfax on 4 May as saying that the Bosnian situation remains complex but shows signs of stabilizing. Churkin rejected attempts to oversimplify the conflict and said a scheme, according to which the Bosnian Moslems provoke the Bosnian Serbs to improper retaliatory actions, "exists only in the Russian press. In fact, the situation is far more complex. In this confrontation of nerves, someone somewhere acts, another one retaliates, and it starts going." Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc. THIRD INTERNATIONAL PEACE CONFERENCE? On 4 May, the Russian newspaper Rossiskiye vesti published a statement written by Andrei Kozyrev calling for the convening of a third International Peace Conference in The Hague. Kozyrev pointed out that the centenary of the first such conference, held at Russia's initiative in 1899, was approaching. He also noted that the second such conference, held in 1907, was also a Russian initiative. On the achievements of the two previous meetings, Kozyrev said that they had made a "great beginning . . . determining the main direction of the development of international life in the 20th century--the desire for peace and the establishment of the foundations of philanthropy and justice." Kozyrev said the purpose of holding another meeting would be to strengthen international peace and assert the principles of international law as the third millennium approaches. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc. KOLESNIKOV ON FAR EAST SPACEPORT. The Chief of the Russian General Staff, Mikhail Kolesnikov, has confirmed that Russia will conduct a space launch from the Svobodniy-18 former missile base in 1996. According to an Interfax report of 4 May, Kolesnikov claimed that the launch would not require extra funding for the site, but also acknowledged that Baikonur was still necessary for the Russian space program. He did not indicate what sort of launch would be carried out, but presumably it would be a military payload launched by the military space forces. John Lepingwell, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIA TO UPGRADE INDIA'S MIG-21'S. Ending what was described by AFP on 5 May as a fierce competition between Russia's MiG (Mikoyan Design Bureau), France's Dassault Electronique, and two Israeli concerns, New Delhi has awarded MiG a contract estimated to be worth hundreds of millions of dollars to modernize India's large but aging fleet of MiG-21 fighter planes. MiG will reportedly upgrade the airframes of the 170 MiG-21's to make them capable of carrying the latest weapons systems, and will incorporate modern avionics and navigational systems. The contract is a major victory for Russia's struggling defense sector which, prior to the Soviet Union's collapse, had been India's major supplier of military hardware. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. US PROPOSES FISSILE MATERIAL INVENTORY. The New York Times and The Washington Post reported on 5 May that the Clinton administration has proposed a new program calling for the US and Russia to declare their fissile material inventories. The program would go well beyond current agreements on limited inspections of nuclear storage sites. A US Defense Department delegation is currently in Moscow for wide-ranging talks, and The New York Times reports that delegations from the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy and the State Department will soon visit Moscow to conduct negotiations on the proposal. John Lepingwell, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA AZERBAIJAN JOINS PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE. On 4 May Azerbaijan became the fifteenth former East bloc country to join NATO's Partnership for Peace, Western agencies and ITAR-TASS reported. Speaking at the signing ceremony in Brussels, Azerbaijan's President Heidar Aliev affirmed his country's commitment to democracy and expressed the hope that closer cooperation with NATO could expedite a diplomatic solution to the ongoing Karabakh conflict. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. CIS INTER-PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY MEDIATES KARABAKH TALKS. The chairman of the Armenian parliament, the deputy chairman of the Azerbaijani parliament, and the speaker of the Supreme Soviet of the self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic met in Bishkek on 4 May for three days' talks convened by the CIS Inter-Parliamentary Assembly, Interfax reported. Although characterized as "tense and difficult" the talks made some progress towards drafting a non-binding protocol appealing to CIS heads of states to provide peacekeeping forces to monitor a ceasefire should it prove possible to reach agreement on a ceasefire beginning 9 May. Such an agreement is, however, dubious given a renewed attack by Armenian forces north-east of Nagorno-Karabakh which observers believe is aimed at gaining control of the strategic Agdam-Barda road, according to Interfax. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. KAZAKHSTAN'S MILITARY TIES WITH RUSSIA. Kazakhstan's Minister of Defense Sagadat Nurmagambetov told a press conference on 4 May that military cooperation with Russia is the cornerstone of Kazakhstan's strategic policy and he foresees an increasingly close association between the military establishments of the two countries, Interfax reported. The press conference was held in connection with the second anniversary of the creation of Kazakhstan's own army. According to Nurmagambetov, Kazakhstan and Russia are working on an agreement governing use of the anti-ballistic missile and air defense testing range at Sary-Shagan. In exchange Kazakhstani military specialists are to receive training in Russia. The minister said that strategic forces stationed in Kazakhstan are to be withdrawn by 2000. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. REPORT ON TURKMENISTAN'S MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT. Pakistan's General Staff has offered the Turkmenistan military training in its war colleges, but Turkmen authorities prefer to continue their country's military association with Russia, Russian TV reported on 4 May. Russian officers on contract command the Turkmen armed forces, in which the language of command is still Russian. Turkmenistan has set up its own military institute, but Turkmen officers continue to be trained in Russia. The TV report noted that the traditional Soviet "Red Room" has been replaced in Turkmen barracks by an "Independence Room" adorned with a portrait of Turkmen President Saparmurad Niyazov, who has become the center of a Stalinist-style personality cult. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. CIS UKRAINE PROTESTS PLANNED BLACK SEA FLEET EXERCISES. The Ukrainian defense ministry issued a statement protesting the alleged planned takeover of over 20 TU-22M Backfire aircraft by Russia in upcoming Black Sea Fleet military exercises, Ukrainian radio reported on 4 May. According to the defense ministry, Russia planned to have the planes, which belong to the naval aviation arm of the Black Sea Fleet, fly out of their air bases at Oktyabrskoye and Vesoloye in Crimea to the Russian air base at Krymsk in Krasnodar krai. The press service of the Ukrainian defense ministry said that any attempt to transfer military technology or other Black Sea Fleet assets outside Ukraine would be regarded as illegal acts by Ukraine and would worsen the problem of dividing the fleet. Interfax reported that Andrei Grachev, head of the Black Sea Fleet press center, denied that there was any truth to the allegation. According to Grachev the charge was a "figment of the imagination" of the Ukrainian defense ministry. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. CIS COMMAND SUGGESTS CHANGES IN NATO PARTNERSHIP. The CIS military command intends to propose to NATO leaders that the Partnership for Peace plan be amended to include cooperation between NATO and the CIS as two defense alliances, according to Lieutenant General Leonid Ivashov, secretary of the CIS Council of Defense Ministers. Ivashov and other CIS military leaders recently returned from Brussels, where they met with NATO leaders on Bosnia and the partnership program. ITAR-TASS quoted Ivashov as saying that during the discussions the CIS delegation expressed concern over the fact that, in its view, the current NATO partnership program fails to provide guarantees of security to all the CIS states and that it resolves only a small portion of the security problems facing the CIS, especially peacemaking operations in the other former Soviet republics. Ivashov's remarks suggest that Moscow continues to try to win official international sanction for maintaining its dominant security role on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE UN OBSERVERS ARRIVE NEAR BRCKO. Reuters reported on 4 May that seven UN observers took up their posts on the Croatian side of the Sava River across from Brcko. The UN plans to send three teams of four each to the Serb lines soon, but there is no firm arrangement for detailing men to the Muslim side. The agency notes that "Brcko anchors a narrow corridor linking Serb-held lands in Bosnia and Croatia with Serbia, the Bosnian Serbs' paymaster and supplier." Politika on 5 May says that the previous day was fairly quiet around Brcko, Gradacac, and Orasje. Elsewhere, British Foreign Office Minister Douglas Hogg met Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic and Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic in Belgrade and told them that the Serbs could hold a maximum of 49% of Bosnian territory, RFE/RL's Balkan Service reported. They now control over 70%, but Hogg did not specify how the Serbs would be dislodged if they did not go peacefully. Meanwhile in Sarajevo, aid flights were cancelled after two aircraft, one of which carried the German ambassador, were the targets of small arms fire of unknown origin. Finally, Hina reports on 5 May that Bosnian Croat and Muslim representatives will meet in Vienna in the next few days to draft documents to put the Washington agreements on a federation between them into practice. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. SERBS CONTINUE ETHNIC CLEANSING OF THE BANJA LUKA AREA. RFE/RL's Balkan Service said on 4 May that a group of 469 Muslims and Croats arrived in Croatia from the northwest Bosnian Serb stronghold of Banja Luka, making a total of 2,400 to flee from there since January. UN refugee spokesman Peter Kessler talked about the continuing attacks on and harassment of non-Serb civilians, and a Croatian Red Cross representative added that "all these people have shocking stories to tell." The Serbs seem determined to eliminate any trace of other peoples from the area and have destroyed all of Banja Luka's mosques, including two centuries-old ones that were UNESCO-registered cultural properties. Meanwhile in Zagreb, Vjesnik on 5 May reports that Cardinal Franjo Kuharic has greeted an international initiative from the Archbishop of Canterbury against racism and chauvinism. The Croatian cardinal also condemned ethnic cleansing as "the worst expression of racism." Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. CROATIAN UPDATE. Vecernji list reported on 4 May that the total damage to medical facilities in the republic as the result of Serbian aggression since 1991 amounts to DM 2.3 billion. Some medical centers, such as those in Vukovar and Vinkovci, were completely destroyed, while that in Osijek was not far behind. The Osijek facility was the largest single item in terms of costs, with damage estimated at over DM 275 million. Another badly damaged town was the spa-center Lipik, but runners held a competition there to promote the revival of tourism in the area. Finally, Hina on 5 May says that Slovenian President Milan Kucan will go to Zagreb for a meeting with Croatian President Franjo Tudjman, possibly before summer. The relations between the two neighbors have been strained since independence in 1991, ostensibly by a series of border, transport, legal and sea-access problems. The real issue, however, is mistrust as a result of each side feeling that the other left it in the lurch during their respective wars with the Serb army in 1991. Relations may now be warming as both countries are concerned about possible irredentism or at least financial claims against them by a new right-of-center Italian government. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. DAFIMENT BANK SCANDAL. On 5 May Politika reports extensively on the status of the now-defunct Dafiment Bank, once rump Yugoslavia's largest private financial institution which closed its doors in April 1993, owing its customers an estimated DM 212 million. Politika says much of the bank's hard currency reserves may have been transferred overseas, where they now remain safely ensconced. Such charges, however, are denied by bank owner Dafina Milanovic who maintains she "took nothing out of the country." In other news, on 4 May Financial Times reported remarks made by Mirjana Markovic, wife of Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic. Markovic, insisting that "representatives of those Serbs who are mostly outside of Serbia and who think war is their only option . . . have no right to foist that option on all Serbs." Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. AMERICAN HELICOPTERS ARRIVE IN MACEDONIA. Three US UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters arrived in the Republic of Macedonia on 4 May according to Nova Makedonija. They will be used to support the American military contingent there as part of the UNPROFOR effort to station observers on the Macedonian-Serbian border. Duncan Perry, RFE/RL, Inc. NO AGREEMENT IN POLISH TRIPARTITE TALKS. Despite agreement on a timetable to review union demands, marathon talks among trade unions, employers, and the government on 4 May failed to satisfy Solidarity, PAP reports. Government negotiators proposed lifting all wage controls by the end of 1994, on the condition that all state firms first undergo "commercialization" (transformation into joint-stock companies). Solidarity's representative rejected this proposal, insisting that the union can be trusted now to make reasonable wage demands. Employers' representatives complained that their views were ignored. The tripartite commission meets again on 16-17 May. No wage controls are now in force, but the Senate is expected to approve new regulations for firms with at least 80% state ownership on 5 May. Scattered strikes continued on 4 May, but had a more limited impact than Solidarity expected. Strikes hit twenty hard-coal mines. Participation ranged from a mere 1% to 72% of the work force; some 10,000 miners (of a total 170,000) took part. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. POLAND TO REVISE COMMAND STRUCTURES. President Lech Walesa attended a closed cabinet session on 4 May devoted to defense policy, PAP reports. Defense Minister Piotr Kolodziejczyk presented plans to create the post of "supreme commander" who would bear constitutional responsibility for strictly military issues such as training and operational planning (now the defense minister's purview). Two options for supervision are under consideration: the commander could report to the president or the defense minister. Kolodziejczyk refused to reveal which option he prefers, "even to my wife," he told reporters. Walesa is believed to favor presidential supervision, but Kolodziejczyk said Walesa's approach is "pragmatic." The defense minister also warned that continuation of austerity policies will undermine Poland's defense capabilities. The condition of military equipment is "extremely unsatisfactory." He stressed the importance of military cooperation with Ukraine and Belarus. Russia is also a potential partner, he said, but is currently "not eager for dialogue." Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. CLINTON: NATO OPEN TO POLAND. Responding to a question from a Polish TV reporter during a CNN "global forum" on 4 May, US President Bill Clinton denied that NATO had turned its back on Poland or the other Visegrad countries. "If in fact imperialist intentions in Russia reasserted themselves," Clinton said, NATO could expand to include East European members. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. NEW CZECH ATTORNEY GENERAL APPOINTED. On 4 May the Czech government appointed Bohumira Kopecna as Attorney General. Speaking to journalists after the government session, Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus said that the government was glad that a woman will hold a key post in the state administration. Kopecna's appointment ended a four-month search for a person to fill the post. In 1993, the parliament passed a law abolishing the communist-era system of state prosecutors and providing for establishing the system of state attorneys headed by attorney general. CTK reports that some 800 out of 960 former state prosecutors are to become state attorneys. Prior to her appointment, Kopecna, herself a former prosecutor, was deputy attorney general. She was appointed to that post on 1 January 1994 when the new system of state attorneys went into effect. Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. SLOVAK PARLIAMENT DISMISSES TV BOARD MEMBERS. On 4 May the parliament voted by secret ballot to dismiss four members of the Slovak Television (STV) Board, while two other members will remain on the board, TASR reports. Jergus Ferko, one of the dismissed members, claimed that the current cabinet acted based on "unconfirmed agreements and unauthorized documents" and said that the ruling coalition feels "a lack of control" over STV since the board members were proposed by the government of former Premier Vladimir Meciar. Arguing for changes in the STV board, National Democratic Party Chairman Ludovit Cernak said "we want to believe that it is only an accident that STV forgot in recent weeks to inform the public about the work of the NDP." Also in the 4 May session, a vote of no-confidence in Deputy Premier Roman Kovac on grounds of corruption, which was proposed by deputies from the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia and the Slovak National Party, failed to be passed. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. DANISH FOREIGN MINISTER IN SLOVAKIA. Niels Helveg Petersen arrived in Bratislava on 3 May for a two day official visit, TASR reports. Meeting with his Slovak counterpart Eduard Kukan on 3 May, Petersen said that following the entrance of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Austria into the EU, there will be a long-term need to expand eastwards. Noting that the goal of his trip was to intensify economic cooperation between the two countries, Petersen held talks with Economy Minister Peter Magvasi about possibilities for Danish investment and an increase in bilateral trade. Denmark is Slovakia's 19th biggest trading partner. Petersen also held talks with Premier Jozef Moravcik and President Michal Kovac, to whom he noted that the recent changes in the Slovak political scene have contributed to improving Slovakia's image abroad. In other developments Kukan left on 4 May for a two-day visit to Germany, where talks will focus on Slovakia's integration into West European structures. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIAN COMMUNIST PARTY REVIVED. A Bucharest court formally approved on 4 May the registration of the Romanian Communist Party, Rompres and Reuters reported. The new RCP has its headquarters in the mining town of Targu Jiu. Opponents have up to three days to appeal against the court approval of the party, which regards itself as a continuation of the party led by Nicolae Ceausescu; otherwise, the registration is final. The president of the new party, Victor Hancu, told Rompres his organization has between three and four thousand members, most of them young. Hancu said the RCP wants to introduce a "mixed socialist economy of a competitive type, which will be under [state] control." He also said the party will "fight human exploitation." A member of the new RCP was quoted by Reuters as saying that the party will decide at its "15th Congress whether to rehabilitate Ceausescu." (The 14th RCP Congress was held in November 1989.) On the same day, an obscure political group calling itself the Romanian National Rebirth Party erected a tombstone on the supposed grave of Ceausescu, at the Ghencea cemetery in Bucharest. The leader of the RNRP, Lucian Vasilescu, said Ceausescu was a hero who had "sacrificed himself for the welfare of the people he loved." Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIA AND GERMANY EXCHANGE REPROACHES. Horst Waffenschmidt, the German official charged with dealing with issues regarding ethnic Germans in Eastern Europe and the former USSR was received on 4 May by Romania's President, Ion Iliescu, the German media and Radio Bucharest reported on the same day. Waffenschmidt called on the Romanian authorities to show more support for the ethnic Germans living in the country. He said they must be granted more possibilities to acquire property under the current privatization program and criticized Romania's raising of import duties and sale taxes on some German products. In turn, Iliescu told Waffenschmidt that Deutsche Welle was presenting Romanian "realities in an ill-willed, biased manner," which distorts actual facts. Waffenschmidt is in Romania to assess the relief-programs financed by the German government for the ethnic German minority there. Bonn has since 1990 spent DM 111 million on relief measures in Romania. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS BULGARIANS JOINED WARNING STRIKE. Bulgarian dailies report on 5 May of several hundred thousand participants in a warning strike on the previous day. The Confederation of Trade Unions in Bulgaria, which organized the strike, is urging the government to freeze charges on heating, transport, and other basic services and commodities, and to adjust wages against inflation. Unless the demands are met, the CITUB is threatening a general strike on 17 May. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc. BELARUS TO RESTRUCTURE KGB. The head of the Belarusian KGB, Henadz Lavitsky, announced on 3 May that the republic's KGB is to be restructured, Belarusian radio reported. It's main activities will now focus on intelligence and counterintelligence, protecting governing bodies and vital installations. There will also be a special crime fighting department which will coordinate its activities with other law enforcement agencies. These measures were approved by the head of the permanent committee on national security of the Belarusian Supreme Soviet, Anatol Novikau, and the head of the administrative coordinating department of the cabinet of ministers, Valer Paulau. Belarus is the last republic which still calls its ministry for state security KGB. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. CRIME UP 14% IN BELARUS. On 3 May Belarusian radio reported that there has been a sharp rise in crime in Belarus since the beginning of this year. In the first quarter of 1994 27,500 criminal acts were reported, an increase of 14% over the first quarter of 1993. Assault and economic crimes registered the highest increases. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. MOLDOVAN OFFICIAL: WEST "DEFENDING US AGAINST ROMANIA." Interviewed by RFE/RL's Romanian Service of 4 May, Dumitru Diacov, chairman of the Moldovan Parliament's Foreign Relations Commission, described recent Romanian statements questioning Moldova's independence and again raising the issue of unification as "worrisome." "We have reached the point at which Western countries are defending us against Romania's attacks," he said. He also revealed that Chisinau unofficially had asked Bucharest, most recently during Council of Europe hearings in Strasbourg, to "stop the confrontation." Now heading a delegation of Moldova's ruling Agrarian Party to Bucharest, Diacov said that the message to Romania's governing and opposition parties is that they "should respect the independence of [Moldova,] a member state of the UN. If they have decided otherwise we had better be notified." Vladimir Socor , RFE/RL, Inc. LATVIA TAKES OVER PART OF SKRUNDA RADAR SITE. A group of Latvian officials, headed by Prime Minister Valdis Birkavs, took over on 4 May several unfinished buildings, including 42.2 hectares of land where the buildings stand, at the Russian-controlled Skrunda radar complex. At the same time, Latvia granted Russia temporary use of 164.5 hectares of land on which the functioning radar stands. Latvian Minister of State for Environmental Protection and Regional Development told BNS on 4 May that it would be difficult to convert these buildings for civilian use and that they may have to be torn down. Birkavs said that the regulations for bidding for the work of dismantling of the Skrunda radar may be announced around 15 May. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. SIXTH ROUND OF PRIVATIZATION STARTS IN ESTONIA. The Estonian Privatization Agency is going ahead with the privatization of an additional 56 enterprises, BNS reported on 3 May. Contrary to earlier practice, the list of enterprises was not published in international publications, though foreign bidders have not been excluded. The enterprises up for bids include a uranium plant in Sillamae that used to belong to the Soviet military-industrial complex, as well as a number of smaller companies. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by John Lepingwell and Kjell Engelbrekt The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division, is available through electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU. This report is also available by postal mail, as are the other publications of the Institute, and by fax. RFE/RL NEWS BRIEFS, an edited compendium of items first published in the Daily Report, is distributed along with the RFE/RL RESEARCH REPORT, a weekly journal providing topical analyses of political, economic and security developments throughout the Institute's area of interest. Longer analyses are available in a monograph series, RFE/RL STUDIES, and brief analytic summaries appear monthly in the RESEARCH BULLETIN. 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