The greatest happiness is to know the source of unhappiness. - Dostoevsky
RFE/RL Daily Report

No. 83, 2 May 1994


Economics has released final data on the slump in industrial
output during the first quarter of 1994, ITAR-TASS reported on 29
April. Not only was the quarterly drop the highest since the
outset of the Yeltsin administration, but the decline was
accelerating. When compared with the corresponding months of 1993,
industrial production was lower by 23.1% in January; 24.1% in
February; and 27.4% in March. Machine-building appears to have
been the hardest hit, with output in March down by 44%. It will be
recalled that the draft budget for 1994 is predicated on a drop in
GDP of 8%. Government spokesmen have called for increased state
support for endangered sectors of industry--which will presumably
add to the budget deficit.  Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc.

than 40 major agricultural machine-building enterprises have
published an open letter to President Yeltsin calling for help,
Interfax reported on 29 April. The letter claimed that tractor
production was down by 81% during the first quarter of 1994,
compared with the same period of 1993, and that output of some
other equipment has dropped even more sharply. They requested
credits of 250 billion rubles to tide them over until other
organizations paid arrears due; a freeze on fuel prices for two
years; and higher customs duties on imported agricultural
machinery. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc.

April published the text of a directive, signed by Boris Yeltsin
on 10 April, that orders the Russian Foreign and Defense
Ministries to continue work on the establishment through bilateral
agreements of military bases or military facilities on the
territory of other CIS states. According to an RFE/RL
correspondent in Moscow, unnamed Foreign Ministry personnel
suggested that the directive is part of a plan aimed at allowing
Russia to form a "zone of stability" on its borders and to protect
more effectively Russia's interests in the "near abroad." A
similar directive published on 7 April caused an outcry when
Latvia was among the nations listed as a possible site for a
Russian military base. Russian authorities claimed at the time
that the reference to Latvia was an error, and possibly a
deliberate provocation, and said that the issuing of the document
would be investigated. RFE/RL's Moscow correspondent reports that
no results of the investigation have been public.  Stephen Foye,
RFE/RL, Inc.

CHURKIN ON BOSNIA. Deputy Foreign Minister Vitalii Churkin arrived
in Oslo on 28 April and held talks the next day with Norwegian
Foreign Minister Bjorn Tore Godal on ways to settle the Bosnian
crisis. Churkin also met with the co-chairmen of the Coordinating
Committee of the International Conference on Former Yugoslavia,
Thorvald Stoltenberg and Lord Owen, to discuss Russia's plan to
hold a ministerial, and possibly a summit, meeting on the Bosnia
crisis with Russia, the European Union, the United States, and
perhaps the UN in attendance, ITAR-TASS reported. (The warring
parties would not be invited to attend the meeting.) Meanwhile, a
delegation from the Russian State Duma which recently returned
from a visit to the former Yugoslavia said that sanctions against
rump Yugoslavia must be lifted as soon as an agreement on a
ceasefire comes into effect. In a statement issued on 29 April,
the parliamentary group also said that the arms embargo would need
to remain in place, Interfax reported.  Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc.

Andrei Kozyrev said in an interview published in the 30 April
edition of Segodnya that Russia considers a joint approach by the
European Union, the United States, and Russia to be the best way
to solve the Bosnian crisis. He expressed satisfaction that the
Western countries had "not become locked into forcible positions,"
and reiterated his support for both a ministerial meeting and
summit meeting on Bosnia. Kozyrev also spoke on the question of
his shift in foreign policy views. He explained that as a democrat
he felt constrained to take into account public opinion on foreign
policy matters.  Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc.

demonstrated in Moscow on 1 May, demanding changes in government
policy and President Yeltsin's ouster, the Russian media reported.
The demonstration, which transpired peacefully, was organized by
the Russian Communist Party and the trade unions. (Last year, a
May Day demonstration in Moscow resulted in violent clashes
between demonstrators and the police.) Vera Tolz, RFE/RL, Inc.

COMMENTS ON THE CIVIC ACCORD. Members of the government and
leaders of the majority of political parties in Russia praised the
signing on 28 April of the Civic Accord as a means of stabilizing
Russian society. The leader of the Republican Party, Vladimir
Lysenko, signed the accord, despite his membership in the YABLOKO
parliamentary faction whose leadership dismissed the accord as
meaningless. In contrast, the recently created opposition movement
Accord for Russia held a press conference on 29 April during which
it criticized the document for not specifying concrete ways of
getting Russia out of its economic crisis. The press conference
was organized by long-standing critics of Yeltsin and his
policies, including Communist leader Gennadii Zyuganov, according
to Ostankino TV's "Novosti" news program. The press conference was
also attended by two members of the Democratic Party of Russia,
Stanislav Govorukhin and Sergei Glazev, who criticized the accord
despite the fact that the Democratic Party's leadership had signed
it.  Vera Tolz, RFE/RL, Inc.

RUTSKOI TO SET UP NEW MOVEMENT. Former Vice President Aleksandr
Rutskoi told Independent TV on 1 May that he plans to create a
"social patriotic movement" where he will exercise "iron
discipline" and not allow any dissent. He remarked that with the
movement's help he wants to "come to power." He further stated
that the Civic Accord signed on 28 April in the Kremlin was no
more than a deal between President Boris Yeltsin's allies--Rutskoi
had not been invited to the signing ceremony. Rutskoi also said
that he is writing a book entitled The Crash of the Empire in
which he intends to reveal compromising information about many of
Yeltsin's current aides.  Alexander Rahr, RFE/RL, Inc.

commander of Russian military forces in the former East Germany,
General Matvei Burlakov, has called for a joint ceremony to mark
the withdrawal of Russian and Western troops from Germany and has
criticized Bonn for scheduling separate ceremonies. According to
AFP on 29 April, German Chancellor Helmut Kohl has proposed that
the final withdrawal of Russian troops be marked on 31 August
while a separate ceremony for the troops of the Western allies, to
be attended by the leaders of the United Kingdom, France, and the
US, would be held on 8 September. Reuters reported on 29 April
that, according to Burlakov, Boris Yeltsin intends to press
personally for a joint ceremony during a visit to Bonn in May (to
mark the withdrawal of foreign forces from Berlin) and during the
July meeting of the G-7.  Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc.

of South Korea and Russia, Rhee Byoung-tae and Pavel Grachev,
respectively, on 29 April signed a "memorandum of understanding on
bilateral military exchanges" that will promote contacts between
military personnel of the two countries, international press
agencies reported. As part of the agreement, Russian General Staff
Chief Mikhail Kolesnikov will visit South Korea later this year.
During the talks in Moscow, Grachev reportedly expressed concern
over North Korea's nuclear development program and, according to
Reuters, said that Russia was ready for "full-scale military
cooperation" with Seoul, a position that was later repeated by
Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev during his own talks with Rhee.
According to ITAR-TASS, Grachev also presented Rhee with what was
described as a new proposal for the creation of a collective
security system in the Asian-Pacific region. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL,


fighters seized an Uzbek military plane at the Khorog airport in
Gorno-Badakhshan on 1 May and carried off its cargo, which
Uzbekistan's Ministry of Defense said consisted of "humanitarian
aid," ITAR-TASS reported. The seizure was reported to have been
carried out by a group calling itself the Tajik Self-Defense
Forces. Sympathy for the Tajik Islamic opposition has been strong
in Badakhshan; according to ITAR-TASS, military sources in
Dushanbe suggested that opposition groups in Badakhshan may have
established contacts with "certain forces," presumably with
similar orientation, in Uzbekistan.  Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc.

the Karabakh region on 29 April, adding to tens of thousands of
refugees from Azerbaijani territory northeast of Karabakh, Reuters
reported. Russian special mediator Vladimir Kazimirov told
Interfax that the ceasefire planned for 29 April failed to take
effect because the Karabakh Armenians gave their assent to a
proposal made by Russian Defense Minister Grachev in February,
which envisaged disengagement of the warring sides and creation of
a security zone, whereas last week's proposal was merely for a
ceasefire. Meanwhile a CSCE delegation traveled from Baku to
Stepanakert for talks with the Armenian authorities on 30 April on
enforcing an eventual ceasefire and a political settlement to the
conflict; Interfax quoted a CSCE spokesman as stating that the
CSCE could have observers in place within three days of conclusion
of a long-term ceasefire.  Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc.

President Geidar Aliev fired Interior Minister Vagif Novruzov on
29 April, reportedly for condoning corruption and "political
activities" within the ministry, and replaced him with Ramiz
Usubov, former police chief in Aliev's home base of Nakhichevan,
Reuters reported. On 1 May, Aliev fired his press service chief
Tofig Abasov, a protege of former secretary of state Lala-Shovket
Gadzhieva, for incompetence, according to Interfax.  Liz Fuller,
RFE/RL, Inc.

CONFUSION OVER GYANDZHA COUP TRIAL. The trial of a group of former
Azerbaijani security officials accused of instigating the attack
in early June 1993 on the Gyandzha headquarters of rebel colonel
Suret Huseinov that culminated in the ouster of President Abulfaz
Elchibey, failed to open as scheduled on 29 April, apparently
because Azerbaijani Popular Front supporters blocked the courtroom
and demanded the release of the accused, Interfax reported. On 30
April the men were released on bail. The trial of several other
members of Elchibey's leadership, including former parliament
speaker Isa Gambar, is to resume on 2 May.  Liz Fuller, RFE/RL,

the Georgian parliament, including radical Irakli Tsereteli, have
called for new parliamentary elections in Georgia on the grounds
that "there is no longer any link between the parliament and the
people," Interfax reported. Over the past four months, the
parliament has passed only three laws; incidents of physical
violence between deputies have been reported. Tsereteli, who was
prominent in opposition demonstrations against the Gamsakhurdia
leadership in September-October, 1991, threatened a revolution if
the situation fails to improve. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc.

                    CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

DANES BLAST SERB POSITIONS. International media reported on 2 May
that Danish UNPROFOR forces near Tuzla shot 72 rounds from
state-of-the-art Leopard tanks at Serb forces during the night of
29-30 April, killing nine. The Serbs had reportedly provoked the
Danes by firing four anti-tank missiles, which had come close to
the Leopards and which a UN spokesman said "did not miss their
targets deliberately. These are not toys," AFP reported on 1 May.
The BBC added that the Serbs threatened reprisals, warning the
Danes that "we know where you sleep." Media sources agreed that it
was one of the toughest UN responses to attack during the Bosnian
conflict, and the BBC quoted UN officials as saying that "the
Serbs got what they deserved." Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc.

quoted UN spokesmen as saying that Serb forces continued to group
around Brcko to expand their corridor linking Serbia with its
conquests in Bosnia and Croatia, while Muslim forces also arrived
in apparent hopes of cutting that same land bridge. Newsday on 1
May quoted the mayor of Gorazde as rejecting a UN plan for the
town, saying it would simply solidify the gains the Serbs had
recently gotten by force. AFP that same day reported from Mostar
that two American journalists had been killed by a mine and a
third wounded.  Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc.

Balkan Service on 29 April quoted Bosnian President Alija
Izetbegovic as saying that any treatment of the Bosnian crisis
must take into account all problems in the region. These include
Serb threats to Croatia, Slavonia, Kosovo, Macedonia, and
especially Sandzak, he added. The Service also noted that Kosovo
Albanian President Ibrahim Rugova told reporters that the
Albanians expect to have contact with international mediators
dealing with Bosnia, and that Serbian police harassed a group of
Albanian students in Kosovska Mitrovica for listening to a popular
song, "Sarajevo, my love." Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc.

Bosnian capital itself, Izetbegovic on 30 April wrote to Croatian
President Franjo Tudjman that time had come to speed up the
federation process between Muslims and Croats before "adversaries"
could "torpedo" it. Izetbegovic outlined key issues, such as maps
and leaderships for the proposed cantons. The Balkan Service also
noted on 1 May that the Muslims have drawn up a list of concerns,
including treatment of Muslims and mosques in the Livno area as
well as the behavior of Croatian hard-liners in Herzegovina, such
as Defense Minister Gojko Susak. Finally, Reuters reported that
Croatia has agreed to back Bosnian calls for the lifting of an
arms embargo against that republic. Croatia had formerly been
Bosnia's main arms supplier, but deliveries were reduced to a
smuggled trickle after the Croat-Muslim conflict broke out a year
ago.  Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc.

media reported on 30 April that about 200 left-of-center
dissidents from the ruling Croatian Democratic Community (HDZ)
officially set up the Croatian Independent Democrats (HND) at a
meeting in Zagreb. The president of the new organization is lower
house speaker Stipe Mesic, while his upper house counterpart Josip
Manolic is his vice president. They blasted Tudjman for
authoritarianism and a catastrophic and even criminal policy in
waging war with the Muslims, and hit out against corruption and
war profiteering. They also slammed the treatment of the HND by
the media that are close to the HDZ. They welcomed all
democratically-minded HDZ members to join them, and called for
cooperation with "all democratic parties," Vecernji list reports
on 2 May. Elsewhere on the opposition front, Vjesnik on 2 May
reports that right-wing politicians from the Croatian Party of
[Historic] Rights (HSP) were attacked with hammers in the
Herzegovinian town of Siroki Brijeg. The HDZ has long regarded the
HSP as a threat from the right and has hounded its leaders.
Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc.

ARKAN ATTACKS ALBANIANS. According to a 30 April Reuters report,
citing Borba, the accused war criminal and ultranationalist
Serbian leader Zeljko Raznatovic, alias Arkan, once again
denounced ethnic Albanians living in the Serbian province of
Kosovo. Arkan reportedly alleged that thousands of illegal
immigrants have flooded into Kosovo from Albania, and they, along
with Kosovar leader Ibrahim Rugova ought to be deported. Arkan
emphasized that some 700,000 must be returned to Albania, and that
only those who regard themselves as "loyal citizens of Serbia"
should be permitted to stay. In other news, on 1 May three rump
Yugoslav ships reportedly interfered with the activities of
European military vessels in the Adriatic after NATO officials
boarded a Maltese-registered tanker attempting to break sanctions
imposed on the rump Yugoslavia. The tanker, heading towards the
Montenegrin coast, was carrying an estimated 45, 000 tons of fuel
oil. The incident ended peacefully, with the apprehended tanker
being towed to an Italian port and the three rump Yugoslav vessels
leaving the scene following the arrival of Italian aircraft.  Stan
Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc.

BERISHA IN BULGARIA. In the first official visit of an Albanian
President in 40 years, Sali Berisha spent 27 through 29 April in
Bulgaria. Agencies reported that two accords on the protection of
investments and economic and trade cooperation were signed, and
that Berisha's meetings with Bulgarian officials dealt with
bilateral ties and the conflicts in the Balkans. Bulgarian
President Zhelyu Zhelev pointed out at a press conference that the
Albanian state is the key to maintaining peace on the peninsula.
Zhelev also said that he did not agree with Berisha on the
usefulness of sending Turkish peace keepers to Bosnia as Turkey
could become a party to a possible broader conflict. Zhelev added
that both Sofia and Tirana view the continued stability of
Macedonia as crucial. Berisha pointed out, however, that the
Macedonian leadership must guarantee and enhance the rights of the
Albanian community there.  Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc.

GREEK-ALBANIAN RELIGIOUS ROW. A religious row erupted between
Greece and Albania on 30 April, with Athens accusing its
northwestern neighbor of barring Orthodox believers from
celebrating Easter in public. Agencies quoted Albanian officials
as confirming that a Good Friday procession in Tirana had been
canceled but that the measure was exclusively motivated by
concerns about traffic disruption. In addition, the Albanian
Foreign Ministry issued a statement warning that any attempt on
the part of Greece to speak in the name of the Orthodox religious
community would be regarded as interference into Albania's
internal affairs. The incident first prompted Athens to cancel a
scheduled meeting between Greek Foreign Minister Karolos Papoulias
and his Albanian counterpart Alfred Serreqi on 3 May, at which
they were to discuss the killing of two Albanian border guards by
Greek terrorists on 10 April. However, on 1 May Prime Minister
Andreas Papandreou told a private Greek radio station that, since
the Albanian authorities allowed Easter mass to be held in public
on 30 April, the meeting would probably take place. Kjell
Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc.

April the Russian and Latvian presidents as well as prime
ministers signed an accord stipulating the pullout of Russian
troops--Russian media speak of about 12,000 soldiers, while
Latvian estimates tend to be lower--from Latvia by 31 August 1994.
As President Guntis Ulmanis told Latvian TV on 29 April, the
Latvian side wanted to have President Boris Yeltsin's signature on
that document, even if this and related accords did not require
the signatures of the heads of state. Three other accords and a
protocol were signed by Latvian Prime Minister Valdis Birkavs and
Russian Deputy Premier Oleg Soskovets; they dealt with Russia's
maintenance of the radar at Skrunda for several more years, social
guarantees for Russian military retirees in Latvia, and related
issues. All of the agreements--the full texts have not yet become
available--must be ratified by the Latvian and Russian
parliaments.  Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc.

with his Latvian counterpart on 30 April, the Russian president
addressed the issue of Stalinist crimes committed against
Latvians, saying that "we condemn these acts against the autonomy
of the Republic of Latvia." Ulmanis thanked Yeltsin and said that
these words would help many people in Latvia to overcome the
psychological and other barriers between the two countries. The
two leaders also discussed ten economic accords, including the
granting of most-favored nation status for purposes of trade;
these accords could be signed when Russian Prime Minister Viktor
Chernomyrdin visits Latvia later this month. Yeltsin also told the
press that Russia does not have any military interests in Estonia;
he added that Russia intends to pullout out its troops but that
the proper legal accords are needed, Russian and Western media
reported on 30 April and 1 May. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc.

"COLD". Reacting to accusations of the Party of Civic Alliance,
according to which President Ion Iliescu betrayed Romanian
national interests by intensifying relations with Russia,
presidential spokesman Traian Chebeleu said that these relations
can "at best be defined as cold," Radio Bucharest reported on 29
April. Chebeleu added that there are "no perspectives" for a visit
by Russian President Yeltsin to Romania "in the near future." On
28 March, Defense Minister Gheorghe Tinca and his Russian
counterpart Pavel Grachev signed a military cooperation agreement
in Bucharest. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc.

trade ministers of Poland, Hungary, and the Czech and Slovak
republics announced that their countries will speed up the process
of removing customs barriers among them, MTI reported. According
to a protocol signed on 29 April in Budapest, lower tariffs will
go into effect on 1 July, regardless of when the four parliaments
will ratify the agreement. Hungary will see its agricultural
export tariffs to Poland reduced by 50% and its export quotas
expanded. According to the protocol, preferential trade tariffs
between the four countries will be achieved by 1998, rather than
2001 as initially planned.  Karoly Okolicsanyi, RFE/RL, Inc.

and Hungarian prime ministers, Jozef Moravcik and Peter Boross
held an unofficial meeting in Komarno and Komarom, MTI reported.
The two leaders discussed controversial bilateral issues, such as
the Hungarian minority in Slovakia, the Gabcikovo dam and the
establishing of new border crossings. At a news conference
following the meeting, the two prime ministers announced that they
will set up a joint committee which will identify existing
bilateral problems between Slovakia and Hungary and set deadlines
for dealing with them. Both parties described the meeting as a
positive step.  Karoly Okolicsanyi, RFE/RL, Inc.

PAWLAK: STRIKES THREATEN GROWTH. In an address to the Sejm on 29
April, Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak called the current strike
wave "economic disorganization" that threatens to undermine
healthy economic trends. Pawlak hailed Poland's first-quarter
economic results; he took credit for the fact that production is
growing at its highest rate in 20 years and inflation is at its
lowest level in 7 years. (On taking office, Pawlak had compared
the economy to a car speeding toward an abyss.) Acknowledging that
the removal of wage controls entails "the real risk of a return of
inflation," Pawlak endorsed new wage legislation awaiting approval
by the Senate and the president. Pawlak suggested that wage
controls could have been lifted had Solidarity not declared its
national strike campaign. Solidarity in 1980-81 was "the bearer of
our shared dreams," Pawlak noted, "but times have changed and so
has Solidarity." Pawlak also complained of media "censorship,"
apparently in connection with Polish TV's refusal on 27 April to
read the full text of an official statement on the strikes. The
Sejm accepted Pawlak's report by a vote of 188 to 82, with 14
abstentions. Solidarity leader Marian Krzaklewski called the
address "confrontational." In his first speech to the parliament
after being appointed by President Lech Walesa on 29 April, Deputy
Prime Minister and Finance Minister Grzegorz Kolodko denied that
the government lacks an economic program. Poland can make an
economic leap forward if everyone works rather than strikes, he
said. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc.

COAL STRIKE SUSPENDED . . . Industry Minister Marek Pol and
striking brown-coal miners signed an agreement early on 30 April
in Konin, PAP reports. The strike was suspended the same day; the
miners agreed to provide power plants with enough coal for at
least one-and-a-half shifts. The government agreed to offer
brown-coal miners improved pension benefits and to forego any
strike-related sanctions. The brown-coal strike is formally to end
when the government responds to Solidarity's national demands on
wage controls, the "pact on state firms," and tax revisions. The
tripartite commission (representing unions, the government, and
employers) is to discuss these demands on 4 May. Strikes continue
at 19 hard-coal, zinc, and lead mines, although miners largely
remained at home for the May holidays. Warning strikes and small
protests were held in many cities on 29 April, PAP reports.
Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc.

. . . BUT SOLIDARITY SHARPENS PROTESTS. Despite the settlement of
the brown-coal strike, Solidarity's national protest committee
called for a general strike by all union members on 4-6 May,
Gazeta Wyborcza reports. Solidarity leader Marian Krzaklewski told
reporters on 1 May in Kalisz that the only way the government can
halt the protest is by providing a timetable that "clearly shows
people that issues will be solved once and for all and quickly."
Labor Minister Leszek Miller expressed surprise at Solidarity's
decision to escalate protests, as the union's representatives had
agreed on 29 April to use the tripartite commission as a forum for
negotiating their national demands. Miller stressed that
Solidarity must negotiate in tandem with Poland's other trade
unions. Solidarity's representative at the tripartite commission
indicated that continued strikes are seen as a means of forcing
the government to the negotiating table. At a rally in Gdansk on
29 April, Gdansk shipyard union leader Jerzy Borowczak told
protesters that "August 1980 must be repeated." Louisa Vinton,
RFE/RL, Inc.

parliament amended the restitution law to allow the return of
Jewish property that had been seized by the Nazis during World War
II. The restitution law previously covered only people whose
property was confiscated after the communist putsch in 1948. The
amendment applies to individuals, not to Jewish communities. In
February, the parliament rejected a law on the return of Jewish
property after deputies representing Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus's
Civic Democratic Party introduced last-minute amendments
restricting the scope of restitution--a step opposed by CDP's
coalition partners. In March, the government announced it will
return property currently possessed by the state, but said it
could not return property that has come to the possession of
municipalities or has been privatized.  Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc.

on 29 April that Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk has been
registered as a candidate in the 26 June presidential elections.
Kravchuk has been calling for a postponement of the elections
until a constitution is passed and the division of power between
parliament and the president settled. Ukrainian radio reported
that the former Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma, has also been
registered as a candidate, as has Viktor Pynzenyk, the former
economics minister. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc.

session of the Belarusian Supreme Soviet has elected a
constitutional court, Belarusian Television reported on 28 April.
The court is to have 11 judges each elected for an 11 year term.
So far 9 judges have been chosen, three of whom are women. The
chief justice of the court is to be proposed by the president and
approved by parliament. Until then it will be presided over by the
most senior judge, in this case Valeri Tikhinya. Ustina Markus,
RFE/RL, Inc.

  [As of 1200 CET]
  Compiled by John Lepingwell and Jan Obrman
The RFE/RL DAILY REPORT, produced by the RFE/RL Research
Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.)
with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs
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along with the RFE/RL RESEARCH REPORT, a weekly journal
providing topical analyses of political, economic and security
developments throughout the Institute's area of interest.
Longer analyses are available in a monograph series, RFE/RL
STUDIES, and brief analytic summaries appear monthly in the

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