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No. 71, 14 April 1994
RUSSIA RUSSIAN DIPLOMACY ON BOSNIA. Special envoy Vitalii Churkin continued his mediation mission in the former Yugoslavia on 13 April. Returning to Belgrade after talks in Pale and Sarajevo, Churkin said he believed that the Bosnian Serbs would cease military actions around Gorazde. He dismissed as exaggerated reports that UN peacekeepers were being held under house arrest by Bosnian Serbs, arguing that the peacekeepers' detainment was "just a matter of restricting their movements -- a reaction to the airstrikes by the NATO forces." Meanwhile, on 13 April, the Russian State Duma passed a statement by a vote of 262 to 2 that condemned the airstrikes and called for an emergency session of the UN Security Council. On the same day, Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin called for the lifting of economic sanctions against the rump Yugoslavia following the achievement of a ceasefire, ITAR-TASS reported. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc. KINKEL CRITICIZES RUSSIA. On 13 April, German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel reiterated Germany's support of the use of airstrikes on Serb targets near Gorazde, calling them "legitimate, necessary, and correct." While expressing appreciation for Russia's engagement in the Balkans, he criticized Russia for condemning the implementation of UN resolutions for which Moscow itself had voted, Bavaria Five Radio reported on 14 April. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc. YELTSIN CALLS VISIT A SUCCESS. At the end of a three-day visit to Spain on 13 April, Boris Yeltsin hailed the visit as a fruitful one. He highlighted in particular the signing of a comprehensive treaty of friendship and cooperation between the two countries. Other documents signed included agreements covering the expansion of commercial ties and an accord for the establishment of a telephone hot line. Yeltsin dismissed speculation about his health during the visit, and he told reporters that they would be lucky to enjoy such good health when they reach his age, ITAR-TASS and Reuters reported. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc. MORE WARNINGS ON NATO PARTNERSHIP. Russian Foreign Ministry officials, echoing remarks made by Boris Yeltsin in Spain one day earlier, suggested on 13 April that NATO airstrikes on Gorazde could delay Russia's joining the NATO Partnership for Peace program. In Moscow, a Foreign Ministry department head, Yurii Ushakov, said that Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev would not go to Brussels on 21 April to sign the partnership agreement as had been planned. According to Interfax, Ushakov also confirmed that Moscow had drafted a document to be presented to NATO that outlines a framework for cooperation which, he said, had been cleared by the Foreign and Defense Ministries, as well as the Foreign Intelligence Service, but had not yet been officially approved by Yeltsin. In his 12 April remarks Yeltsin had suggested that Russian participation in the partnership was also tied to gaining wider access to Western markets; he had earlier linked participation to Russian membership in the G-7. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. DUMA DISCUSSES MEDIA COVERAGE OF ITS ACTIVITIES. The State Duma has apparently resumed the dispute over coverage of its activities by the state-owned media, Ostankino TV news reported on 13 April. (Criticism of the media as being heavily biased in favor of the president had been a regular theme in the old parliament.) At the 13 April session of the Duma, Ostankino said, the deputies acknowledged that coverage of parliamentary affairs has been more balanced since the naming of a new leadership for state-run TV. Some deputies, however, insisted that the time allocated to the coverage of specific political issues be measured to ensure equal treatment for various political factions. Mikhail Poltoranin, the chairman of the Duma committee for Press and Information, suggested that the deputies elected to the State Duma on party lists get access to the federal media, while those elected in the constituencies get access only to local media. Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL, Inc. WHO ORDERED THE EXECUTION OF THE TSAR? Russia's Prosecutor General has launched an official legal investigation into the circumstances surrounding the death of the last Tsar, ITAR-TASS reported on 12 April. Nicholas II and his family were murdered by the Bolsheviks in Ekaterinburg in 1918, and their remains were recently subjected to a forensic investigation by British and Russian experts, who pronounced them to be authentic. Senior prosecutor Vladimir Solovev told ITAR-TASS that, when the Prosecutor's office has completed its investigation, the case will be referred to a court, which will be asked to decide who among the Bolshevik leaders gave the execution order. Then, a special state commission will determine where the remains of the royal family should be reburied. No explanation was offered as to why a legal case is being opened at this juncture. Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. NORTH OSSETIANS TAKE INGUSH HOSTAGES. Tension rose in the North Ossetian-Ingush conflict zone on 12 April when North Ossetians took 66 Ingush hostage, ITAR-TASS and Interfax reported on 13 April. The hostages were seized when a column of Ingush refugees being returned to villages in Prigorodnyi raion was blocked by Ossetians on its entry into Vladikavkaz. The Ossetians demanded 6 Ingush hostages in order to exchange them for 3 Ossetians they claimed had been taken hostage earlier. Stones were thrown at the head of the Provisional Administration Vladimir Lozovoi when he intervened.. All but five of the Ingush hostages have now been released, and the talks between the North Ossetian and Ingush presidents, Akhsarbek Galazov and Ruslan Aushev, are to go ahead as planned in Nalchik on 14 April. A representative of the Provisional Administration told Interfax that Lozovoi had made a tough statement on the incident on 12 April during a meeting with Galazov, saying that he did not intend to bargain over the release of the Ingush hostages. Ann Sheehy ., RFE/RL, Inc. BURBULIS: RUSSIA WILL HAVE TO HAND BACK KURILS. Gennadii Burbulis, a former top aide to Boris Yeltsin, said on 13 April that the seizure of the Kuril Islands from Japan was an aggression by Stalin and that Russia would eventually have to come to terms with returning the islands, Interfax reported. His remarks are unlikely to be well received in the State Duma, where sentiment has generally run strongly against making concessions to Tokyo on the territorial issue. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. CHERNOMYRDIN TO VISIT CHINA. Quoting Foreign Ministry sources, AFP reported on 13 April that Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin plans to visit China at the end of May. The ministry said that several bilateral agreements would be signed during the visit, but did not elaborate. First Deputy Prime Minister Aleksandr Shokhin is also scheduled to visit China, to attend a session of a Russian-Chinese governmental commission on economic cooperation, AFP reported. Dates for the trip were not provided. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIAN AIRFORCE TO CUT AIRCRAFT, MODERNIZE. The commander-in-chief of Russia's Air Force, Col. Gen. Petr Deinekin, was quoted by Interfax on 13 April as saying that the number of Russian military aircraft would be cut by one-third in 1994, with the reductions apparently to come mainly from the disbanding of military units being withdrawn from the former Soviet republics. Deinekin claimed that combat capabilities would nevertheless be maintained by equipping the air forces with a new generation of aircraft. He said that the Defense Ministry would no longer use obsolete planes. If true, Deinekins remarks suggest that new battles may be looming over Russia's defense procurement budget. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA PROGRESS OF TAJIK TALKS IN MOSCOW. Tajik government and opposition delegations have issued a joint statement and agreed on an agenda for further talks that are supposed to end the fighting in Tajikistan, Tajik Foreign Minister Rashid Alimov told Interfax on 13 April. The agreed-upon agenda covers, in addition to cessation of fighting, the repatriation of Tajik refugees in Afghanistan and the participation of all Tajiks regardless of political persuasion in the constitutional process in Tajikistan. Alimov was cautiously optimistic about the outcome of the first round of negotiations; he said that a time and place for further talks have not been set. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. TAJIKISTAN INTENDS TO JOIN ECONOMIC UNION. Tajik Prime Minister Abdudzhalil Samadov told Interfax on 13 April after meetings with his Russian counterpart Viktor Chernomyrdin that his country has confirmed its intention to become a partner in the Russian/Belarusian economic union and ruble zone. A preliminary understanding has been reached between Russia and Tajikistan on unification of monetary systems; after his discussions with Chernomyrdin Samadov signed an agreement on a Russian loan of 80 billion rubles to Tajikistan. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. CIS LATEST BLACK SEA FLEET DEVELOPMENTS. Russian and Ukrainian media have again issued contradictory reports, this time regarding the 12 April meeting between Russian naval commander Admiral Feliks Gromov and the Ukrainian deputy foreign minister, Borys Tarasyuk. According to an Interfax report from 13 April, Gromov announced that the two sides had agreed to resolve the Black Sea Fleet dispute in the spirit of the Massandra accords. One interpretation of the Massandra accords is that Ukraine agreed to surrender its share of the fleet to Russia in exchange for debt forgiveness on its energy arrears. Ukraine has denied this interpretation, saying that such an exchange had been proposed but never agreed to. Ukrainian radio reported that Ukraine's Ministry of Foreign Affairs had issued a statement refuting Gromov's announcement. The ministry maintains that any new agreements must be reached on the basis of the Yalta, Dagomys, and Zavidovo accords, as well as those reached at Massandra. In other news, ITAR-TASS reported that servicemen from the 318th division of the Black Sea Fleet have begun taking loyalty oaths to Ukraine and that Ukraine is incorporating the unit and its equipment into the Ukrainian navy. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. REACTIONS TO MONETARY UNION. An RFE/RL correspondent reported on 13 April that the chairman of the Belarusian national bank, Stanislau Bahdankevich, has said that the Russian-Belarusian monetary union is unconstitutional. Bahdankevich had been opposed to the provision of the union which gives the Russian central bank the sole right to issue rubles. This, he said, permits a foreign power to impose its rule on Belarus. The agreement had also come under criticism from some Russian officials who worry that the 1:1 exchange for the weaker Belarusian ruble will fuel inflation. As Interfax reported on 13 April, because individuals will only receive the favorable exchange rate for the first 100-200,000 rubles (currently the Belarusian ruble trades at 18,600 to the dollar), Russia's liability would appear to be very limited. The agreement has yet to be ratified by the Russian and Belarusian parliaments. The Belarusian prime minister, Vyacheslau Kebich, has said he believes Belarusians would support the union if it were put to a national referendum. As for Russia, the deputy prime minister, Aleksandr Shokhin, said that the document would only be presented to the Duma for ratification after the Belarusian government gave official information on amendments to the current agreement. The specifics on a number of issues have not been worked out in the present document. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE GUNFIRE BREAKS SARAJEVO TRUCE. Western news agencies on 13 April said that gunfire apparently from Serb positions, including those set up in the downtown Jewish cemetery, temporarily shattered the month-old ceasefire in the Bosnian capital. AFP quoted a UN spokesman as saying that local Serb forces also tried to reclaim their heavy weapons now under UN control. Meanwhile in Zagreb, Reuters reported that UN human rights envoy and former Polish Prime Minister Tadeusz Mazowiecki had denounced the Serb forces around Gorazde for razing "at least 30 villages in their current offensive, killing and terrorizing Muslim inhabitants." Those Serbs, for their part, told Ukrainian officials that they would not allow any peacekeepers other than Ukrainians into the besieged Muslim enclave. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. US, CROATIA CALL FOR PUNISHMENT OF WAR CRIMINALS. Reuters on 13 April quoted US Ambassador to the United Nations Madeleine Albright as telling an audience at the Holocaust Memorial Museum that "we oppose amnesty for the architects of ethnic cleansing. Many of those who perpetrated crimes will be punished." A similar message went out to a group of Croatian women's organizations from Zvonimir Separovic, who heads the government group dealing with war crimes. Vjesnik on 14 April also quotes him as saying that the UN has a list of 55,000 concrete cases and is ready to move on 3,000 of them. The problem of war criminals also arose in the letter that President Franjo Tudjman sent to his Bosnian counterpart Alija Izetbegovic and which appeared in Vecernji list on 13 April. Tudjman called for a mutual exchange of prisoners and acknowledged that the Muslims had already raised war crimes charges against some of the Croats. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. SERB NATIONALISTS PRAISE BAN ON CNN AND AFP. The state-backed nationalistic organization of Serbian war reporters on 13 April congratulated the government for banning CNN and AFP, saying that the authorities should go further and clamp down on Serbian independent media. They mentioned the daily Borba, the weekly Vreme, the B-92 radio, and Studio B television. Information Minister Slobodan Ignjatovic explained the ban to news agencies, saying that he had "decided to undertake legal measures against foreign correspondents who conduct a ruthless media war against [rump] Yugoslavia from its territory." His move brought protests from the 200 foreign correspondents in Belgrade, as well as from the US and French governments. AFP said it would continue to cover developments in the region, and the opposition Serbian Renewal Movement charged that the regime of President Slobodan Milosevic was trying to "isolate the country from the rest of the world." In another development, the Belgrade authorities announced that UN peacekeepers would henceforth require a visa to enter its territory. Borba on 14 April quoted Serb legislators as calling the NATO actions around Gorazde "an attack on all Serbs." Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. MAJOR POWERS TO GET NAVAL BASES IN THE EASTERN ADRIATIC? After returning from rump Yugoslavia, the Vice President of the Russian Parliament, Aleksandr Vengerovsky, said that the Serbian government is ready to accept a Russian navy base in the Montenegrin Bay of Kotor, Slobodna Dalmacija reported on 9 April. There does not appear to be any statement yet from the Montenegrin side, but Vengerovsky, the deputy leader of the nationalist Liberal Democratic Party of Vladimir Zhirinovsky, said that Belgrade will make an offer soon. The Bay of Kotor is of high strategic value and is considered one of the finest natural harbors in the world. Vengerovsky also mentioned the idea of settling some 200,000 Russians, mainly retired army officers, in the Serbian occupied territories in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Meanwhile, Croatia is reportedly ready to offer the key Adriatic islands of Vis and Lastovo to NATO as part of its efforts to forge close links with the alliance and with Washington, but President Franjo Tudjman dodged the question at a news conference, saying that the issue is a "military secret," Die Welt reported on 11 April. Fabian Schmidt, RFE/RL, Inc. SHAKEUP IN THE SLOVENE MILITARY. Delo on 5 April and Borba on 6 April reported on apparent purges underway in the scandal-ridden Alpine republic's military establishment following the sacking of the controversial and combative Defense Minister Janez Jansa on 28 March. Jansa and his supporters have charged that President Milan Kucan and others from the former communist establishment are conducting a political vendetta against "new people" brought in by the former dissident. Jansa's critics, however, argue that he appointed individuals without sufficient professional qualifications, simply on the basis of personal loyalty to himself. Among them were Brig. Gen. Anton Krkovic and his deputy Darko Njavro, the men in charge of the special unit known as MORIS, which was responsible for the violent incident that ultimately led to Jansa's ouster. His successor, Jelko Kacin, appears to be determined to press ahead with what has come to be known as the "dejansaization" of the military. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. UPDATE ON GREEK-ALBANIAN IMBROGLIO. International media reported on 13 April that Albania had asked Greece to reduce its embassy staff in the latest fallout following the death of two Albanian soldiers at the hands of a Greek band on 10 April. Greece, for its part, denied responsibility and called for a joint investigation, Reuters said. Albania's Foreign Minister Alfred Serreqi called the incident "a grave violation of Albania's sovereignty and territorial integrity," while the Greek Foreign Ministry charged that "the Albanian side is solely responsible." Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. PAWLAK REVERSES STANCE ON WAGE TAX. After meeting with representatives of Poland's major trade unions on 13 April, Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak announced that the government may abandon plans to introduce a revised tax on excess wages (popiwek), PAP reports. The parliament abolished the original tax, over the government's objections, as of 1 April. President Lech Walesa vetoed the bill meant to replace it on 31 March, and the Sejm failed to override the veto. Pawlak argued at the time that some form of wage control is essential in state firms to prevent a new surge of inflation. The government completed work on an urgent revised draft on 12 April; this version took into account the president's objections and was set for submission to the Sejm on 20 April. Pawlak explained his reversal on 13 April by arguing that there has been little evidence of undue wage growth in state firms since the tax was abolished. Some economists have argued, however, that it is too early to tell and that abandoning all controls is too big a risk, especially in the case of monopolists. Pawlak said that the government will probably take this risk, however, "because we can count on the responsible cooperation of both unions and managers." Pawlak's apparent change of heart on the popiwek seems to reflect confusion and lack of coordination on economic policy within the coalition government. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL EUROPEAN RADIO TO BE LAUNCHED. CTK and the Wall Street Journal report on 14 April that a private American radio station called Central Europe Today (CET) will start broadcasting to the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, and Poland on 18 April. The station will have studios in Budapest and will broadcast--in English--via satellite. The project will be financed by the World Up Incorporated company, whose president told CTK that the main objective of the new radio station is "to bring the nations of Central Europe closer to one another." He also said that the four Visegrad countries "care more about their individual relations with the West than about regional affairs" and that the new radio station wants to fill this gap. The new station's programs will be carried by four private radio stations--Radio Metropolis in Prague, Radio Kolor in Warsaw, Radio Twist in Bratislava, and Radio Bridge in Budapest. Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. SLOVAK PARLIAMENT SUPPORTS NEW GOVERNMENT. The Slovak parliament approved on 13 April the new government's policy statement and passed a vote of confidence in the cabinet of Premier Jozef Moravcik, TASR reports. Deputies of the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia and the Slovak National Party criticized the statement, although they claimed that 80% of the statement reflected the Meciar government's policies. Even so, the policy statement won the support of 80 deputies. Alliance of Democrats Chairman Milan Knazko said "the new Cabinet will prove in a relatively short time that cooperation and a different political culture can exist in Slovakia." Also on 13 April the parliament appointed Jozef Olej and Milan Hudan as chairman and vice-chairman, respectively, of the Supreme Auditing Office. Marian Vanko and Peter Sokol, who held the two posts under the government of Vladimir Meciar, were removed from office on 24 March on corruption charges. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. KOVAC CALLS MECIAR "DANGEROUS." During an appearance in the Czech television program "21" on 13 April, Slovak President Michal Kovac said "if in the future Vladimir Meciar should become head of the Slovak government, it could be considered dangerous for Slovakia." The style, methods and means used by Meciar endangered Slovak interests, Kovac said, asserting that Meciar was not able to solve economic problems which should normally have been possible to overcome. Furthermore, citizens had lost faith in politics and public officials under Meciar's leadership, and their dissatisfaction had grown. In a 13 April interview with CTK, Kovac said that should the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia win the next elections, he would prefer to appoint any member of the party other than Meciar to be prime minister. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. SLOVAK FOREIGN MINISTER IN US AND CANADA. On 13 April Eduard Kukan left for a visit to the US and Canada, where he will meet with US Secretary of State Warren Christopher, Canadian Premier Jean Chretien and Canadian Foreign Minister Andre Ouillet. Kukan will also meet with representatives of both countries' parliaments, business circles and ethnic Slovak associations. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. PARLIAMENTARIANS PETITION FOR KING MICHAEL. A group of 84 members of Romania's two-chamber parliament signed a petition urging the authorities to allow exiled king Michael to visit Romania at the end of April. All signatories are members of opposition parties, an RFE-RL corespondent in Bucharest said on 13 April. Michael and his wife Anne had applied for Romanian visas to spend Orthodox Easter in the West Romanian city of Timisoara. Michael, who was forced into exile by the Communists in 1947, made one successful trip to Romania two years ago when he was cheered by huge crowds of well-wishers. Several other attempts to visit his home country over the past four years have been blocked by Romanian authorities. Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIAN RADIO WORKERS THREATEN STRIKE. Radio workers in Romania threaten a strike over pay which could disrupt broadcasting and international communications. A radio union leader told Reuters on 13 April that the unions demanded an average monthly wage of 190,000 lei ($113). Romania's national monthly salary is officially estimated at 137,000 lei ($82). The deadline set by the unions for reaching an agreement with the country's radio communications authority was 14 April. According to the same source, employees of Romtelecom, Romania's telephone operator, are seeking similar pay rises and have threatened to join the radio communications workers' strike. Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. BEROV BACK IN HOSPITAL. Prime Minister Lyuben Berov, who underwent major heart surgery in March, was forced to return to hospital on 13 April after developing clinical symptoms of hepatitis. Deputy Premier Evgeni Matinchev told Bulgarian TV that Berov is in quarantine and might--if tests confirm the preliminary diagnosis--have to stay there for up to eight days. His return to hospital will apparently lead to a postponement in plans to reorganize the government. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc. LATVIAN PRIME MINISTER ON TALKS WITH RUSSIA. On 12 April Valdis Birkavs said at a news briefing that Latvia will not take part in further negotiations with Russia until Russian president Boris Yeltsin officially withdraws his 5 April decree on negotiating a military base in Latvia, Interfax reported on 13 April. He said that if Yeltsin did not do so, "Latvia will channel its entire activities toward the West" to obtain the swift and complete withdrawal of Russian troops in Latvia. Birkavs said that Latvia will demand that the agreement on social guarantees for Russian military pensioners include a provision for their voluntary repatriation, financed from a special Latvia-controlled foundation, sponsored by Latvia, Russia, and third countries. He also said that he would meet on 15 April with his Estonian counterpart Mart Laar to coordinate their countries' relations with Russia. On 13 April he asked Italian ambassador Umberto Pestalozza to support Latvian proposals to the CSCE on the repatriation of military pensioners, the monitoring of the Skrunda radar station by CSCE experts, and the regeneration of the environment around Skrunda. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. ESTONIAN PRESIDENT IN DENMARK. Lennart Meri began a three-day official state visit to Denmark on 12 April, Western agencies report. He was officially welcomed by Queen Margrethe. On 13 April at the opening of an exhibition of Estonian crafts he declined a glass of champagne saying that he had sworn to abstain "until the last Soviet soldier has left" his country. In a meeting at the Danish Chamber of Commerce and Industry he discussed the state of economic relations between the two countries. Estonian Foreign Minister Juri Luik, who is accompanying Meri, held talks with his Danish counterpart Niels Helveg Petersen and received promises of Danish support in getting as favorable terms as possible for Estonia in its free trade with the European Union. During the visit Meri will also hold talks with Prime Minister Poul Nyrup Rasmussen and open the new Estonian embassy in Copenhagen. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. LITHUANIAN FOREIGN MINISTER BEGINS AMERICAN TOUR. On 12 April Povilas Gylys flew to Caracas at the start of an 18-day trip to South America and the US, Radio Lithuania reports. On 13 April Gylys and his Venezuelan counterpart will sign an agreement for visa-free travel for diplomats. In Caracas he will also meet with President Rafael Caldera, the parliament chairman, and other high officials. He will then fly to Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina for talks on increasing political, economic, and cultural cooperation; he will sign several agreements. During the visits to the four South American countries he will also meet with their local Lithuanian communities. On 27 April he will arrive in Washington for talks with Secretary of State Warren Christopher, various Congressmen, and members of the National Security Council. On 28 April he will attend the official opening of the Lithuanian consulate in New York and hold talks with UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali the following day. He will return to Lithuania on 30 April. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. POLITICAL PARTIES IN UKRAINE'S ELECTIONS. The Elections--94 press center reported that, according to its data, the Communist Party of Ukraine gained 75 seats in the recent elections, followed by Rukh, which won 26 seats. This differs from the returns reported by the Central Electoral Commission, which gave the communists 86 seats and Rukh 20 seats. The results for other parties and blocs are: Socialist Party--12; Peasant's Party--11; Ukrainian Republican Party--9; Inter--Regional Bloc for Reform--6; Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists--6; Union of Officers of Ukraine--5; Democratic Party of Ukraine--4; Labor Party--3; Party of the Democratic Rebirth of Ukraine--3; Civic Congress--2; Ukrainian Conservative Republican Party--2; social democrats--2; Christian democrats--2; All-People's Rukh--1; and UNA-UNSO--3. Roman Solchanyk, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Anna Swidlicka & Stephen Foye The RFE/RL Daily Report is produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU, on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. Requests for permission to reprint or retransmit this material should be addressed to PD@RFERL.ORG. Such requests will generally be granted on the condition that the material is clearly attributed to the RFE/RL Daily Report. 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