|The absence of alternatives clears the mind marvelously. - Henry Kissinger|
No. 69, 12 April 1994
RUSSIA GORAZDE: RUSSIA CONDEMNS LACK OF CONSULTATION. Russian officials continued on 11 April to voice disapproval of UN-sponsored airstrikes against Serb targets around Gorazde. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev said that Russia supported the concept of protecting UN peacekeeping forces, but Moscow also took the view that existing UN resolutions envisioned consultations before the use of military strikes to protect UN forces. Kozyrev warned that the airstrikes could have negative consequences for the peace process in Bosnia and advised that "the responsibility for the grave consequences that can be expected rests, therefore, with those who took this decision." Defense Minister Pavel Grachev said that while the strikes may have been perfectly legal in terms of having the necessary backing in UN resolutions, they were pointless "from a moral point of view." A Foreign Ministry statement issued on 11 April expressed regret that Russia was belatedly informed of the decision to use airstrikes and called for the demilitarization of Gorazde and the deployment of additional UN peacekeeping forces, Russian media reported. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc. CHURKIN DISAPPOINTED BY UN, SERBS. Special envoy Vitalii Churkin, who traveled from Belgrade to Pale to continue consultations on 11 April, complained that the time between the first UN warning of airstrikes and the actual strikes -- a period of two hours -- was too short. Churkin said that "if Russia had been invited to tackle this crisis... we could have directed the events in a different channel." At the same time, Churkin indicated his disappointment with the behavior of the Bosnian Serbs and admitted that they had not heeded Russian warnings to refrain from stepped-up military operations near Gorazde. Churkin said that the Bosnian Serbs had repeatedly assured Russia that they had "no plans regarding Gorazde," ITAR-TASS and Ostankino Television reported on 11 April. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc. ZHIRINOVSKY DENOUNCES NATO. Nationalist leader Vladimir Zhirinovsky, on a visit to the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, responded characteristically to the NATO air raids in Gorazde. ITAR-TASS on 11 April quoted him as saying that if he were Russian president, he would already have ordered Russian air strikes against NATO bases in Italy. "They bomb one city, we bomb another city," he remarked. Zhirinovsky charged NATO with launching an aggressive action against Russia and the Slavs. He stated that NATO air strikes reflect the interests of Germany in the Balkans and are directed against "Christians and Slavic people." Alexander Rahr, RFE/RL, Inc. YELTSIN IN SPAIN. On 11 April, during the first day of his visit to Spain, Boris Yeltsin said that relations with Spain will be an important part of Russia's foreign policy. Speaking at an official dinner hosted by King Juan Carlos I, Yeltsin likened the history of Spain to that of Russia, pointing out the similarity of the two countries' experience with totalitarianism and the need to undergo transformation to democracy. Yeltsin said that Spain's transition to a law-based state with a developed economy was a valuable example for Russia, ITAR-TASS reported. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc. JOINT STATEMENT TO THE IMF. Some details of the joint statement submitted to the International Monetary Fund on 8 April by Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin and Russian Central Bank (RCB) Chairman Viktor Gerashchenko were published by Reuters and Interfax on 11 April. The document pledges to reduce the monthly rate of inflation to 7% by December 1994 and to lower it further during 1995. Among other commitments, the RCB undertakes to charge the full discount rate for all commercial credits, and will shift to credit auctions. The two signatories promise not to write off, as in 1992, the mutual indebtedness of state enterprises which now reportedly total 15 trillion rubles. Most export quotas will be abolished as from mid-May, and export tariffs are to be cut. In a separate communication, Chernomyrdin asked the IMF for the second tranche of the systemic transformation facility amounting to $1.5 billion. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. YELTSIN SIGNS SECOND QUARTER BUDGET. On 11 April, President Yeltsin signed the federal budget law for the second quarter of 1994, ITAR-TASS and Interfax reported. Expenditures are set at 46 trillion rubles, revenues at 28.6 trillion, and the deficit at 17.4 trillion rubles. The Central Bank is ordered to provide a credit of 10.6 trillion rubles to cover part of the deficit: the credit will be for 10 years at 10% a year, with repayment starting in 1998. [It is still hoped that the federal budget for the entire year will be ready for signing by the president by June or July]. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. CONFUSION OVER INVESTMENT TAX REPORTS. The Russian tax authorities have started to ask foreign firms to pay a 23% tax on investment capital, Reuters reported on 11 April. Western tax specialists in Moscow were quoted as saying that a presidential decree of January, ordering taxes on all loans to Russia-based firms except those channeled through Russian banks, applies to foreign investors as well. But First Deputy Prime Minister Oleg Soskovets was cited by Postfactum as having denied the existence of the tax. To compound the confusion, the deputy head of the State Tax Committee told Reuters that "the topic of taxing foreign loans and investments does exist, but we cannot automatically reach this conclusion from the text of the decree [by Yeltsin]." Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. PENSIONS TO BE RAISED. Deputy Minister of Social Support Pavel Kaminsky told a news conference on 9 April that state pensions will be raised by 80 percent effective 1 May, Interfax reported. This represents the regular quarterly retroactive indexation/adjustment of pensions and other transfer payments, although the 80 percent figure would appear to be above the increase in the retail price index anticipated during the period February--April. Kaminsky denied rumors about the imminent raising of the pensionable age from the current ages of 60 for men and 55 for women--"the lowest in the world"--implying that this might take place in 2015--2020. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. MAN IMMOLATES HIMSELF ON RED SQUARE. A thirty years old man set himself on fire on Red Square in Moscow and died shortly afterwards, ITAR-TASS reported on 11 April. The agency did not identify the man and quoted the police as saying that his motives were unknown. Vera Tolz, RFE/RL, Inc. DISSENT IN TATARSTAN PRESIDENT'S ENTOURAGE? Rafail Khakimov, an adviser to Tatarstan President Mintimer Shaimiev and co-chairman of the "Unity and Progress" party, which is regarded as the presidential party, has said in two articles published in the Tatarstan press and in an interview with Interfax on 8 April that the treaty and agreements Tatarstan recently signed with Russia are not in accord with the Tatarstan constitution and should either be ratified by the Tatarstan parliament or denounced. He also accused the Tatarstan leadership of creating an atmosphere of stagnation in the republic. Khakimov called on the government to engage in real economic reform. According to Kommersant-Daily of 9 April, Khakimov's articles had the effect of a bombshell in Tatarstan. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL, Inc. RYBKIN VISITS STRATEGIC FORCES STAFF. Addressing the issue of military reform, the speaker of the State Duma, Ivan Rybkin, told staff personnel of Russia's Strategic Missile Forces on 11 April that he preferred evolutionary change to radical restructuring and that he would not permit a mass demobilization of officers such as that which occurred in the Soviet armed forces in 1959. According to Interfax, Rybkin also said that government and parliamentary leaders alike are alarmed by the impact that Russia's economic situation is having on the armed forces. Rybkin's approach to defense issues is likely to be an important determinant of civilian-military relations in Russia's new political environment; former parliamentary chairman Ruslan Khasbulatov antagonized the military leadership, a policy that raised tensions and tended to push the High Command into supporting Boris Yeltsin. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCASUS AND CENTRAL ASIA DEMONSTRATIONS IN TBILISI. Several thousand people gathered in Tbilisi on 9 April to commemorate the Soviet military intervention of 9 April 1989 in which 19 Georgians were killed, Western agencies and Interfax reported. Georgian parliament chairman Eduard Shevardnadze, whose involvement in the Politburo's decision to use troops against peaceful demonstrators has never been clarified, termed the killings "a national tragedy." Police temporarily detained several participants in a counter-demonstration on the same day by several thousand supporters of the late president Zviad Gamsakhurdia, according to AFP. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. PROGRESS OF TAJIK PEACE TALKS. A representative of the Tajik opposition groups participating in talks with a Tajik government delegation aimed at ending fighting between government and opposition forces in Tajikistan told ITAR-TASS on 11 April that the talks, underway for a week, are the only hope for ending the conflict. Economist Asliddin Sokhibnazarov said that the opposition is calling for a coalition government to be formed in Tajikistan and for free parliamentary elections to be conducted under the auspices of an international organization. According to a Russian TV report of 10 April, it is expected that the talks will continue for two weeks. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. CIS CONFUSION OVER BLACK SEA FLEET INCIDENT. Ukrainian authorities have challenged Russian news agency accounts of recent events in Odessa involving Black Sea Fleet personnel. According to ITAR-TASS and Interfax, 120 Ukrainian servicemen "stormed" the garrison of the fleet's 318th division in Odessa on 10 April, two days after the departure from Odessa to Sevastopol of a vessel--the Cheleken--which was said to have been carrying valuable navigational equipment. The Russian agencies claimed that Russian servicemen were arrested during the operation, and that civilians, including children, were mistreated. Ukrainian Defense Ministry sources told a very different story, however, according to Ukrainian radio. They claimed that the Ukrainian military prosecutor's office had in fact only subpoenaed three Black Sea Fleet officers for questioning over their role in the departure of the Cheleken two days earlier. According to Ukrainian authorities, the ship had been sailing under the Russian flag, in violation of an agreement mandating that Black Sea Fleet vessels fly the Soviet naval flag pending division of the fleet. Stopped by Ukrainian naval officers, the Cheleken's captain reportedly refused to allow an inspection or to produce documents authorizing removal of the navigational equipment on board, and instead ordered the crew to cast off. Ukrainian officials also denied Russian agency reports of shots being fired during the 10 April events, claiming that the reports must have mistakenly been referring to a holiday salvo fired during a celebration of Odessa's 50th anniversary of liberation from the Germans in World War II. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. RESULTS OF ODESSA INCIDENT. As a result of the Odessa incident the Ukrainian Defense Ministry issued an order to reorganize the 318th Black Sea Fleet division into the 1st Brigade for the Protection of the Water Region and to subordinate it to the Ukrainian navy. Ukraine's president, Leonid Kravchuk, also held a telephone conversation with Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin. The two agreed that a meeting should be held as soon as possible to resolve the problem of the division of the Black Sea Fleet in accordance with the agreements reached at Yalta, Dagomys, and Massandra. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE NATO HITS SERBS AGAIN. International media reported on 11 April that NATO planes for a second time bombed Bosnian Serb positions around Gorazde. The Serbs had continued to shell the town despite repeated warnings to stop, and their gunfire only ceased two hours after the second bombing when bad weather set in. Reports on the damage done by the raids on 10 and 11 April remain unclear. UN spokesmen told the BBC that their relief workers and other personnel were being harassed by the Serbs throughout Bosnia. Serb leader Radovan Karadzic said that UN commander Sir Michael Rose was treating the Serbs "like a British colony," and the 12 April New York Times quotes Karadzic as threatening to escalate the conflict and to shoot down NATO planes. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. REACTION TO THE GORAZDE DEVELOPMENTS. International media on 11 April quoted Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic as echoing the Bosnian Serbs' view that the United Nations had effectively taken the Muslim side in the conflict by attacking Serb positions. Borba on 12 April reported on Serbian reactions, noting in particular the defiant mood in Pale, the Bosnian Serb headquarters. An editorial, however, suggests that the incidents were avoidable and were the result of mistakes and miscalculations on all sides. The BBC said that the reaction across the political spectrum in Greece was "hostile... because Greeks sympathize with the Serbs." Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNGARIAN COMMENTS ON AIR STRIKES. According to Hungarian defense ministry spokesman Lieutenant-Colonel Lajos Erdelyi, NATO's AWACS reconnaissance planes were also present in Hungary's airspace on 10 and 11 April, MTI reports. Erdelyi declined to answer a query on whether the AWACS planes were operating at the time of the NATO attacks on Serbian ground forces in Gorazde. According to an 1992 agreement between NATO and Hungary, the planes are requires to leave Hungarian airspace during actual military operations by NATO forces. Judith Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc. SHOOTING INCIDENT ON GREEK-ALBANIAN BORDER. Six or seven gunmen, shouting Greek separatist slogans, stormed an Albanian border post in Peshkepia on 10 April, killing two guards and wounding three others, Reuters reports. The Albanian foreign ministry accused Greek special forces of being behind the shooting. President Sali Berisha called the incident "an ugly, hostile and extremely grave act of Greece against Albania," and said the Greek government bore full responsibility for its consequences. Greek government spokesman Evangelos Venizelos denied responsibility and rejected attempts to link his country with the incident as "unacceptable." A new Greek extremist group calling itself the Northern Epirus Liberation Front (MAVI) claimed responsibility for the attack in a statement published by an Athens newspaper on 11 April. Northern Epirus is the name given by which Greeks to the southern Albanian region inhabited by a significant Greek minority. Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka, RFE/RL, Inc. TALBOTT REASSURES POLAND ON NATO. On his first foreign journey since taking office, US Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott paid a one-day official visit to Poland on 11 April. Talbott's visit was designed to counter the impression that the US has subordinated Eastern European security interests to Russia's priorities. Talbott went out of his way to stress that the Partnership for Peace is a "path leading to NATO." There is no longer "a question whether NATO will accept new members," Talbott said, but rather when it will do so. Talbott also stressed that Polish security is a matter of special concern for the US. In an apparent reference to neoimperial trends in Russia, Talbott said that US policy strives to encourage reformist trends in the region--not just in domestic politics or economics, but also in promoting a reformed foreign policy that respects the independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity of all states, regardless of their military strength. President Lech Walesa expressed Poland's concern not to be left in a "gray sphere of uncertainty." "Life does not tolerate a vacuum that allows the old demons to reawaken," Walesa said. After meeting with Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak, Talbott praised Poland's economic achievements, calling them a "model." Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. POLISH COALITION IMPASSE CONTINUES. On 12 April the Polish cabinet will consider a new version of the wage control bill that was vetoed by President Lech Walesa on 31 March, PAP reports. The new bill will omit the controversial clause allowing the state to tax "excess" wages in private firms; this was the clause to which Walesa and some of the opposition parties objected. Meanwhile, there is no sign of movement in the deadlock over the vacant posts of finance minister and deputy prime minister. Democratic Left Alliance leader Aleksander Kwasniewski told reporters upon his return from vacation on 8 April that Dariusz Rosati remains the coalition's candidate for finance minister and said he expects to meet with Walesa soon. Walesa's office repeated that a meeting can take place when the coalition presents a new candidate. The Democratic Union (UD), the largest opposition party in the parliament, announced on 9 April that it will vote to override if President Lech Walesa decides to veto the 1994 budget. UD leader Tadeusz Mazowiecki said that his party will not assist in the destabilization of the state. The budget bill has been awaiting Walesa's signature since 28 March; the president has 30 days to act. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. POLISH-BULGARIAN RELATIONS. Mutual trade relations were the focus of an official visit to Poland by Bulgarian Foreign Minister Stanislav Daskalov on 11 April, the first since the collapse of communism, PAP reports. Daskalov and his Polish counterpart, Andrzej Olechowski, signed agreements eliminating double taxation and protecting investments. Bulgarian-Polish trade amounted to only $53 million in 1993. Bulgaria's delay in repaying its ruble debt to Poland has stood in the way of increased trade turnover; Bulgaria owes Poland 207 million transfer rubles. President Lech Walesa told Daskalov that the two countries should return to some forms of economic cooperation that collapsed with the CMEA. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. SLOVAK PARLIAMENT TO DISCUSS POLICY STATEMENT. On 12 April the Slovak parliament will begin discussions of the new government's policy statement. The draft statement was rejected by at least three parliamentary committees on 11 April, as a result of what National Democratic Party Chairman Ludovit Cernak called cooperation between deputies from the opposition Movement for a Democratic Slovakia and the Slovak National Party, although neither party had presented "basic objections" during committee discussions, TASR reports. The coalition government has a majority in four committees, the opposition parties have a majority in two others, while the remaining four are balanced. Cernak said the statement may have to be amended during the parliamentary debate, although the changes will not detract from the cabinet's original goals. At a press conference on 11 April, Milan Ftacnik, Deputy Chairman of the Party of the Democratic Left, appealed to politicians, especially from the opposition, to "end their demagogy and deception and to focus on the facts." Also on 11 April Deputy Premier Brigita Schmoegnerova told TASR that the IMF has accepted the economic portion of the statement, which includes increasing value added and consumer taxes, improving tax discipline, and settling Slovakia's foreign loans. To cut expenditure, the cabinet is considering lowering subsidies on agriculture and energy production. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. ALLIANCE OF FREE DEMOCRATS ON COALITION WITH SOCIALISTS. Gabor Kuncze, the Alliance of Free Democrats' (AFD) candidate for prime minister, said in a Hungarian TV talk show on 11 April that his party would be ready to form a coalition with the Hungarian Socialist Party (HSP) led by the reform communist Gyula Horn. Kuncze regretted, however, the HSP's close cooperation with the former communist trade unions. All other major political parties have stated they would not compromise themselves by forming a coalition with the former communists. This includes the Alliance of Young Democrats that signed a pre-election cooperation agreement with the AFD precisely in order to prevent closer cooperation between the AFD and the HSP. Judith Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc. FORMER HUNGARIAN COMMUNIST TO US AND CANADA. On 10 April, Imre Szekeres, the executive vice-chairman of the Hungarian Socialist Party (HSP) (former reform communist) left on a one-week visit to the United States and Canada at the invitation of businessmen who would like to get first hand information about the HSP's plans in case the party wins the elections, MTI reports. The businessmen also want to get information about investment possibilities in Hungary. According to the press office of the HSP, Szekeres also plans to meet with political leaders and congressmen and will give talks at several universities. Judith Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc. FOUR ROMANIANS PARDONED IN IRAQ. Iraqi President Saddam Hussein pardoned four Romanian citizens, Radio Bucharest reported on 11 April. The four, who had been jailed for illegally entering Iraq from Turkey, were freed from prison following a visit to Baghdad by Marcel Dinu, a special envoy of Romania's President Ion Iliescu. Dinu, who is a state secretary in the Foreign Affairs Ministry, carried "a humanitarian message" from Iliescu to Hussein, the radio said. Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIA HAS NO INFORMATION ON ARAFAT-PERES MEETING. The Romanian Foreign Ministry Affairs said on 11 April that it had no knowledge of a meeting in Bucharest on 15 April between PLO leader Yassir Arafat and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres. In a statement broadcast by Radio Bucharest, the ministry's spokesman Mircea Geoana said that the two officials had been invited to participate in the proceedings of the Crans Montana Forum that will be held in Bucharest on 21-24 April, but their participation had so far not been confirmed. Israeli television mentioned the possibility of such a meeting on 10 April. Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIAN OPPOSITION PARTY OFFICES BURGLED. Reuters reported on 11 April that the headquarters of the Democratic Party-National Salvation Front in Bucharest had been burglarized one day previously. The leader of that party, former Prime Minister Petre Roman, told the agency that his personal notes were taken but that no valuables seemed to have been stolen except for an envelope containing his monthly parliamentary salary. Roman said the thieves had probably known where to find his notes. Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. IMF PROVIDES BULGARIA WITH FRESH CREDITS . . . On April 11 the Board of Directors of the International Monetary Fund decided to approve loans worth $259 million to help bolster the ailing Bulgarian economy. The IMF said in a statement that a $162 million loan had now been made available in the form of a systemic transformation facility which will be accompanied by a $97 million standby credit. As quoted by Reuters, the statement said the Bulgarian economy had suffered during 1993 from high inflation and a "considerable deterioration in the fiscal and current account balances," but noted that the government program for the current year had been "designed to achieve a turnaround." If the restructuring of the economy continues, the IMF said a second $162 million credit will be made available. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc. . . . WHICH MIGHT PAVE THE WAY FOR A DEBT SETTLEMENT. The IMF's decision was important not only because the new loans can help to alleviate some of the pressure on the cash-strapped Bulgarian state finances, but since it substantially improves the country's chances of striking a comprehensive rescheduling deal with its numerous creditors. In the next few days a Bulgarian delegation headed by Finance Minister Stoyan Aleksandrov is due to meet with representatives of government and commercial creditors in an effort to convince them to accept a settlement involving a major reduction of Bulgaria's $12 billion debt, inherited almost entirely from the communist era. The Bulgarian financial daily Pari, however, warns the negotiators may have difficulty persuading creditors that the government's commitment to pro-market reforms--as displayed by the recent flurry of activity on economic legislation--outweighs the general political turmoil of the past months. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc. LATVIAN PRESIDENT IN DENMARK. On 11 April in Copenhagen Guntis Ulmanis had meetings with Danish Prime Minister Poul Rasmussen and Foreign Minister Niels Helveg Petersen to discuss Latvian-Russian relations in the light of the Russian president's recent decree mentioning a Russian military base in Latvia. Ulmanis told a press conference that he doubted the decree could have been a mistake for it reflected the views of a segment of Russian society. There were indications, he said, that the Skundra radar station was being converted to a military base, for a week prior to the decree "staff vacations and leave were canceled and construction work inside the base increased," Reuters reports. In the evening Ulmanis flew to Paris for meetings with French Prime Minister Edouard Balladur and Foreign Minister Alain Juppe. On 12 April he flies to England. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. IMF EXTENDS FURTHER FUNDS TO LITHUANIA. The International Monetary Fund approved Lithuania's request to draw $36 million in the form of a systemic transformation facility, BNS reported on 11 April. An equal sum had been provided earlier in October 1993. The IMF loan was one of the parliament's principal arguments for adopting the litas reliability law that resulted in pegging the litas to the US dollar. The IMF representative in Vilnius, Peter Cornelius, said that privatization in Lithuania has been proceeding smoothly, but should be accelerated by removing preferential treatment for employees and managers. A bankruptcy law is in force although a clear bankruptcy procedure is still lacking. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. LITHUANIAN PRIME MINISTER IN KUWAIT. On 9 April Algidas Slezevicius began a two-day visit to Kuwait, Radio Lithuania reports. He signed an agreement with Kuwait for a $50 million loan with an interest rate of 4-5%. The money will be used for the construction of gas pipelines in the cities of Birzai and Marijampole and an off-shore oil terminal at Butinge near the Latvian border. Slezevicius also signed a treaty on the protection of investments. On 11 April he traveled to the United Arab Emirates where he had talks with various government officials and signed a memorandum signaling several bilateral economic agreements. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. MORE ON UKRAINIAN ELECTION RESULTS. The head of the Central Electoral Commission, Ivan Yemets, announced on Ukrainian TV late on 11 April that 337 deputies have now been elected to the Ukrainian parliament and that further runoffs to fill the remaining 112 seats will probably be held before the end of the month. The current election law was designed not to encourage the nominations of candidates by political parties. Of the more than 3,600 candidates initially registered, only 643 were put forward by parties, the rest standing as independents. The largest group of lawmakers elected, about 165, are therefore independents who have still to align themselves. Of those nominated by political parties, the Communist Party of Ukraine (which, as was expected, won heavily in the industrialized and Russified eastern regions) has obtained 76 seats and its allies, the Peasants' Party of Ukraine--18, and the Socialist Party of Ukraine--14. Rukh claims that it won 28 seats and can count on the support of at least another ten or so independents. Of the other national democratic parties, the Ukrainian Republican Party won 6 seats, the Party for the Democratic Revival of Ukraine--5, the Democratic Party of Ukraine--3, and the Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists--6. The centrist-liberal Interregional Bloc for Reforms, led by Leonid Kuchma and Volodymyr Hrynov, does not appear to have done as well as was expected, obtaining only about 10 seats so far (though in parliament it may attract the support of numerous independents). The ultra- and radical-nationalist parties obtained 5 seats, all in Western Ukraine. The new parliament will also have a small group of representatives of the patriotic Union of [Military] Officers of Ukraine (5 elected so far) and serving, or former, senior military and security service officials, such as former Ukrainian Navy Commander, Borys Kozhin. Former Defense Minister Kostyantyn Morozov, seen by many as a possible presidential candidate, faces another run-off in a Kiev constituency. Only 56 members of the old parliament have been reelected. Bohdan Nahaylo, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Anna Swidlicka & Stephen Foye The RFE/RL Daily Report is produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU, on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. Requests for permission to reprint or retransmit this material should be addressed to PD@RFERL.ORG. Such requests will generally be granted on the condition that the material is clearly attributed to the RFE/RL Daily Report. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: In North America: Mr. Brian Reed RFE/RL, Inc. 1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907 Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783 Internet: RI-DC@RFERL.ORG Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer Publications Department RFE/RL Research Institute Oettingenstrasse 67 80538 Munich Germany Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624 Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648 Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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