Upon the education of the people of this country the fate of this country depends. - Benjamin Disraeli 1804-1881
RFE/RL Daily Report

No. 69, 12 April 1994

                                RUSSIA

GORAZDE: RUSSIA CONDEMNS LACK OF CONSULTATION. Russian officials
continued on 11 April to voice disapproval of UN-sponsored airstrikes
against Serb targets around Gorazde. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei
Kozyrev said that Russia supported the concept of protecting UN
peacekeeping forces, but Moscow also took the view that existing UN
resolutions envisioned consultations before the use of military strikes
to protect UN forces. Kozyrev warned that the airstrikes could have
negative consequences for the peace process in Bosnia and advised that
"the responsibility for the grave consequences that can be expected
rests, therefore, with those who took this decision." Defense Minister
Pavel Grachev said that while the strikes may have been perfectly legal
in terms of having the necessary backing in UN resolutions, they were
pointless "from a moral point of view." A Foreign Ministry statement
issued on 11 April expressed regret that Russia was belatedly informed
of the decision to use airstrikes and called for the demilitarization
of Gorazde and the deployment of additional UN peacekeeping forces,
Russian media reported. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc.

CHURKIN DISAPPOINTED BY UN, SERBS. Special envoy Vitalii Churkin, who
traveled from Belgrade to Pale to continue consultations on 11 April,
complained that the time between the first UN warning of airstrikes and
the actual strikes -- a period of two hours -- was too short. Churkin
said that "if Russia had been invited to tackle this crisis... we could
have directed the events in a different channel." At the same time,
Churkin indicated his disappointment with the behavior of the Bosnian
Serbs and admitted that they had not heeded Russian warnings to refrain
from stepped-up military operations near Gorazde. Churkin said that the
Bosnian Serbs had repeatedly assured Russia that they had "no plans
regarding Gorazde," ITAR-TASS and Ostankino Television reported on 11
April. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc.

ZHIRINOVSKY DENOUNCES NATO. Nationalist leader Vladimir Zhirinovsky, on
a visit to the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, responded
characteristically to the NATO air raids in Gorazde. ITAR-TASS on 11
April quoted him as saying that if he were Russian president, he would
already have ordered Russian air strikes against NATO bases in Italy.
"They bomb one city, we bomb another city," he remarked. Zhirinovsky
charged NATO with launching an aggressive action against Russia and the
Slavs. He stated that NATO air strikes reflect the interests of Germany
in the Balkans and are directed against "Christians and Slavic people."
Alexander Rahr, RFE/RL, Inc.

YELTSIN IN SPAIN. On 11 April, during the first day of his visit to
Spain, Boris Yeltsin said that relations with Spain will be an
important part of Russia's foreign policy. Speaking at an official
dinner hosted by King Juan Carlos I, Yeltsin likened the history of
Spain to that of Russia, pointing out the similarity of the two
countries' experience with totalitarianism and the need to undergo
transformation to democracy. Yeltsin said that Spain's transition to a
law-based state with a developed economy was a valuable example for
Russia, ITAR-TASS reported. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc.

JOINT STATEMENT TO THE IMF. Some details of the joint statement
submitted to the International Monetary Fund on 8 April by Prime
Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin and Russian Central Bank (RCB) Chairman
Viktor Gerashchenko were published by Reuters and Interfax on 11 April.
The document pledges to reduce the monthly rate of inflation to 7% by
December 1994 and to lower it further during 1995. Among other
commitments, the RCB undertakes to charge the full discount rate for
all commercial credits, and will shift to credit auctions. The two
signatories promise not to write off, as in 1992, the mutual
indebtedness of state enterprises which now reportedly total 15
trillion rubles. Most export quotas will be abolished as from mid-May,
and export tariffs are to be cut. In a separate communication,
Chernomyrdin asked the IMF for the second tranche of the systemic
transformation facility amounting to $1.5 billion. Keith Bush, RFE/RL,
Inc.

YELTSIN SIGNS SECOND QUARTER BUDGET. On 11 April, President Yeltsin
signed the federal budget law for the second quarter of 1994, ITAR-TASS
and Interfax reported. Expenditures are set at 46 trillion rubles,
revenues at 28.6 trillion, and the deficit at 17.4 trillion rubles. The
Central Bank is ordered to provide a credit of 10.6 trillion rubles to
cover part of the deficit: the credit will be for 10 years at 10% a
year, with repayment starting in 1998. [It is still hoped that the
federal budget for the entire year will be ready for signing by the
president by June or July]. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc.

CONFUSION OVER INVESTMENT TAX REPORTS. The Russian tax authorities have
started to ask foreign firms to pay a 23% tax on investment capital,
Reuters reported on 11 April. Western tax specialists in Moscow were
quoted as saying that a presidential decree of January, ordering taxes
on all loans to Russia-based firms except those channeled through
Russian banks, applies to foreign investors as well. But First Deputy
Prime Minister Oleg Soskovets was cited by Postfactum as having denied
the existence of the tax. To compound the confusion, the deputy head of
the State Tax Committee told Reuters that "the topic of taxing foreign
loans and investments does exist, but we cannot automatically reach
this conclusion from the text of the decree [by Yeltsin]." Keith Bush,
RFE/RL, Inc.

PENSIONS TO BE RAISED. Deputy Minister of Social Support Pavel Kaminsky
told a news conference on 9 April that state pensions will be raised by
80 percent effective 1 May, Interfax reported. This represents the
regular quarterly retroactive indexation/adjustment of pensions and
other transfer payments, although the 80 percent figure would appear to
be above the increase in the retail price index anticipated during the
period February--April. Kaminsky denied rumors about the imminent
raising of the pensionable age from the current ages of 60 for men and
55 for women--"the lowest in the world"--implying that this might take
place in 2015--2020. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc.

MAN IMMOLATES HIMSELF ON RED SQUARE. A thirty years old man set himself
on fire on Red Square in Moscow and died shortly afterwards, ITAR-TASS
reported on 11 April. The agency did not identify the man and quoted
the police as saying that his motives were unknown. Vera Tolz, RFE/RL,
Inc.

DISSENT IN TATARSTAN PRESIDENT'S ENTOURAGE? Rafail Khakimov, an adviser
to Tatarstan President Mintimer Shaimiev and co-chairman of the "Unity
and Progress" party, which is regarded as the presidential party, has
said in two articles published in the Tatarstan press and in an
interview with Interfax on 8 April that the treaty and agreements
Tatarstan recently signed with Russia are not in accord with the
Tatarstan constitution and should either be ratified by the Tatarstan
parliament or denounced. He also accused the Tatarstan leadership of
creating an atmosphere of stagnation in the republic. Khakimov called
on the government to engage in real economic reform. According to
Kommersant-Daily of 9 April, Khakimov's articles had the effect of a
bombshell in Tatarstan. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL, Inc.

RYBKIN VISITS STRATEGIC FORCES STAFF. Addressing the issue of military
reform, the speaker of the State Duma, Ivan Rybkin, told staff
personnel of Russia's Strategic Missile Forces on 11 April that he
preferred evolutionary change to radical restructuring and that he
would not permit a mass demobilization of officers such as that which
occurred in the Soviet armed forces in 1959. According to Interfax,
Rybkin also said that government and parliamentary leaders alike are
alarmed by the impact that Russia's economic situation is having on the
armed forces. Rybkin's approach to defense issues is likely to be an
important determinant of civilian-military relations in Russia's new
political environment; former parliamentary chairman Ruslan Khasbulatov
antagonized the military leadership, a policy that raised tensions and
tended to push the High Command into supporting Boris Yeltsin. Stephen
Foye, RFE/RL, Inc.

TRANSCAUCASUS AND CENTRAL ASIA

DEMONSTRATIONS IN TBILISI. Several thousand people gathered in Tbilisi
on 9 April to commemorate the Soviet military intervention of 9 April
1989 in which 19 Georgians were killed, Western agencies and Interfax
reported. Georgian parliament chairman Eduard Shevardnadze, whose
involvement in the Politburo's decision to use troops against peaceful
demonstrators has never been clarified, termed the killings "a national
tragedy." Police temporarily detained several participants in a
counter-demonstration on the same day by several thousand supporters of
the late president Zviad Gamsakhurdia, according to AFP. Liz Fuller,
RFE/RL, Inc.

PROGRESS OF TAJIK PEACE TALKS. A representative of the Tajik opposition
groups participating in talks with a Tajik government delegation aimed
at ending fighting between government and opposition forces in
Tajikistan told ITAR-TASS on 11 April that the talks, underway for a
week, are the only hope for ending the conflict. Economist Asliddin
Sokhibnazarov said that the opposition is calling for a coalition
government to be formed in Tajikistan and for free parliamentary
elections to be conducted under the auspices of an international
organization. According to a Russian TV report of 10 April, it is
expected that the talks will continue for two weeks. Bess Brown,
RFE/RL, Inc.

CIS

CONFUSION OVER BLACK SEA FLEET INCIDENT. Ukrainian authorities have
challenged Russian news agency accounts of recent events in Odessa
involving Black Sea Fleet personnel. According to ITAR-TASS and
Interfax, 120 Ukrainian servicemen "stormed" the garrison of the
fleet's 318th division in Odessa on 10 April, two days after the
departure from Odessa to Sevastopol of a vessel--the Cheleken--which
was said to have been carrying valuable navigational equipment. The
Russian agencies claimed that Russian servicemen were arrested during
the operation, and that civilians, including children, were mistreated.
Ukrainian Defense Ministry sources told a very different story,
however, according to Ukrainian radio. They claimed that the Ukrainian
military prosecutor's office had in fact only subpoenaed three Black
Sea Fleet officers for questioning over their role in the departure of
the Cheleken two days earlier. According to Ukrainian authorities, the
ship had been sailing under the Russian flag, in violation of an
agreement mandating that Black Sea Fleet vessels fly the Soviet naval
flag pending division of the fleet. Stopped by Ukrainian naval
officers, the Cheleken's captain reportedly refused to allow an
inspection or to produce documents authorizing removal of the
navigational equipment on board, and instead ordered the crew to cast
off. Ukrainian officials also denied Russian agency reports of shots
being fired during the 10 April events, claiming that the reports must
have mistakenly been referring to a holiday salvo fired during a
celebration of Odessa's 50th anniversary of liberation from the Germans
in World War II. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc.

RESULTS OF ODESSA INCIDENT. As a result of the Odessa incident the
Ukrainian Defense Ministry issued an order to reorganize the 318th
Black Sea Fleet division into the 1st Brigade for the Protection of the
Water Region and to subordinate it to the Ukrainian navy. Ukraine's
president, Leonid Kravchuk, also held a telephone conversation with
Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin. The two agreed that a
meeting should be held as soon as possible to resolve the problem of
the division of the Black Sea Fleet in accordance with the agreements
reached at Yalta, Dagomys, and Massandra. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc.

CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

NATO HITS SERBS AGAIN. International media reported on 11 April that
NATO planes for a second time bombed Bosnian Serb positions around
Gorazde. The Serbs had continued to shell the town despite repeated
warnings to stop, and their gunfire only ceased two hours after the
second bombing when bad weather set in. Reports on the damage done by
the raids on 10 and 11 April remain unclear. UN spokesmen told the BBC
that their relief workers and other personnel were being harassed by
the Serbs throughout Bosnia. Serb leader Radovan Karadzic said that UN
commander Sir Michael Rose was treating the Serbs "like a British
colony," and the 12 April New York Times quotes Karadzic as threatening
to escalate the conflict and to shoot down NATO planes. Patrick Moore,
RFE/RL, Inc.

REACTION TO THE GORAZDE DEVELOPMENTS. International media on 11 April
quoted Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic as echoing the Bosnian
Serbs' view that the United Nations had effectively taken the Muslim
side in the conflict by attacking Serb positions. Borba on 12 April
reported on Serbian reactions, noting in particular the defiant mood in
Pale, the Bosnian Serb headquarters. An editorial, however, suggests
that the incidents were avoidable and were the result of mistakes and
miscalculations on all sides. The BBC said that the reaction across the
political spectrum in Greece was "hostile... because Greeks sympathize
with the Serbs." Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc.

HUNGARIAN COMMENTS ON AIR STRIKES. According to Hungarian defense
ministry spokesman Lieutenant-Colonel Lajos Erdelyi, NATO's AWACS
reconnaissance planes were also present in Hungary's airspace on 10 and
11 April, MTI reports. Erdelyi declined to answer a query on whether
the AWACS planes were operating at the time of the NATO attacks on
Serbian ground forces in Gorazde. According to an 1992 agreement
between NATO and Hungary, the planes are requires to leave Hungarian
airspace during actual military operations by NATO forces. Judith
Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc.

SHOOTING INCIDENT ON GREEK-ALBANIAN BORDER. Six or seven gunmen,
shouting Greek separatist slogans, stormed an Albanian border post in
Peshkepia on 10 April, killing two guards and wounding three others,
Reuters reports. The Albanian foreign ministry accused Greek special
forces of being behind the shooting. President Sali Berisha called the
incident "an ugly, hostile and extremely grave act of Greece against
Albania," and said the Greek government bore full responsibility for
its consequences. Greek government spokesman Evangelos Venizelos denied
responsibility and rejected attempts to link his country with the
incident as "unacceptable." A new Greek extremist group calling itself
the Northern Epirus Liberation Front (MAVI) claimed responsibility for
the attack in a statement published by an Athens newspaper on 11 April.
Northern Epirus is the name given by which Greeks to the southern
Albanian region inhabited by a significant Greek minority. Anna
Sabbat-Swidlicka, RFE/RL, Inc.

TALBOTT REASSURES POLAND ON NATO. On his first foreign journey since
taking office, US Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott paid a
one-day official visit to Poland on 11 April. Talbott's visit was
designed to counter the impression that the US has subordinated Eastern
European security interests to Russia's priorities. Talbott went out of
his way to stress that the Partnership for Peace is a "path leading to
NATO." There is no longer "a question whether NATO will accept new
members," Talbott said, but rather when it will do so. Talbott also
stressed that Polish security is a matter of special concern for the
US. In an apparent reference to neoimperial trends in Russia, Talbott
said that US policy strives to encourage reformist trends in the
region--not just in domestic politics or economics, but also in
promoting a reformed foreign policy that respects the independence,
sovereignty, and territorial integrity of all states, regardless of
their military strength. President Lech Walesa expressed Poland's
concern not to be left in a "gray sphere of uncertainty." "Life does
not tolerate a vacuum that allows the old demons to reawaken," Walesa
said. After meeting with Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak, Talbott
praised Poland's economic achievements, calling them a "model." Louisa
Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc.

POLISH COALITION IMPASSE CONTINUES. On 12 April the Polish cabinet will
consider a new version of the wage control bill that was vetoed by
President Lech Walesa on 31 March, PAP reports. The new bill will omit
the controversial clause allowing the state to tax "excess" wages in
private firms; this was the clause to which Walesa and some of the
opposition parties objected. Meanwhile, there is no sign of movement in
the deadlock over the vacant posts of finance minister and deputy prime
minister. Democratic Left Alliance leader Aleksander Kwasniewski told
reporters upon his return from vacation on 8 April that Dariusz Rosati
remains the coalition's candidate for finance minister and said he
expects to meet with Walesa soon. Walesa's office repeated that a
meeting can take place when the coalition presents a new candidate. The
Democratic Union (UD), the largest opposition party in the parliament,
announced on 9 April that it will vote to override if President Lech
Walesa decides to veto the 1994 budget. UD leader Tadeusz Mazowiecki
said that his party will not assist in the destabilization of the
state. The budget bill has been awaiting Walesa's signature since 28
March; the president has 30 days to act. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc.

POLISH-BULGARIAN RELATIONS. Mutual trade relations were the focus of an
official visit to Poland by Bulgarian Foreign Minister Stanislav
Daskalov on 11 April, the first since the collapse of communism, PAP
reports. Daskalov and his Polish counterpart, Andrzej Olechowski,
signed agreements eliminating double taxation and protecting
investments. Bulgarian-Polish trade amounted to only $53 million in
1993. Bulgaria's delay in repaying its ruble debt to Poland has stood
in the way of increased trade turnover; Bulgaria owes Poland 207
million transfer rubles. President Lech Walesa told Daskalov that the
two countries should return to some forms of economic cooperation that
collapsed with the CMEA. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc.

SLOVAK PARLIAMENT TO DISCUSS POLICY STATEMENT. On 12 April the Slovak
parliament will begin discussions of the new government's policy
statement. The draft statement was rejected by at least three
parliamentary committees on 11 April, as a result of what National
Democratic Party Chairman Ludovit Cernak called cooperation between
deputies from the opposition Movement for a Democratic Slovakia and the
Slovak National Party, although neither party had presented "basic
objections" during committee discussions, TASR reports. The coalition
government has a majority in four committees, the opposition parties
have a majority in two others, while the remaining four are balanced.
Cernak said the statement may have to be amended during the
parliamentary debate, although the changes will not detract from the
cabinet's original goals. At a press conference on 11 April, Milan
Ftacnik, Deputy Chairman of the Party of the Democratic Left, appealed
to politicians, especially from the opposition, to "end their demagogy
and deception and to focus on the facts." Also on 11 April Deputy
Premier Brigita Schmoegnerova told TASR that the IMF has accepted the
economic portion of the statement, which includes increasing value
added and consumer taxes, improving tax discipline, and settling
Slovakia's foreign loans. To cut expenditure, the cabinet is
considering lowering subsidies on agriculture and energy production.
Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc.

ALLIANCE OF FREE DEMOCRATS ON COALITION WITH SOCIALISTS. Gabor Kuncze,
the Alliance of Free Democrats' (AFD) candidate for prime minister,
said in a Hungarian TV talk show on 11 April that his party would be
ready to form a coalition with the Hungarian Socialist Party (HSP) led
by the reform communist Gyula Horn. Kuncze regretted, however, the
HSP's close cooperation with the former communist trade unions. All
other major political parties have stated they would not compromise
themselves by forming a coalition with the former communists. This
includes the Alliance of Young Democrats that signed a pre-election
cooperation agreement with the AFD precisely in order to prevent closer
cooperation between the AFD and the HSP. Judith Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc.

FORMER HUNGARIAN COMMUNIST TO US AND CANADA. On 10 April, Imre
Szekeres, the executive vice-chairman of the Hungarian Socialist Party
(HSP) (former reform communist) left on a one-week visit to the United
States and Canada at the invitation of businessmen who would like to
get first hand information about the HSP's plans in case the party wins
the elections, MTI reports. The businessmen also want to get
information about investment possibilities in Hungary. According to the
press office of the HSP, Szekeres also plans to meet with political
leaders and congressmen and will give talks at several universities.
Judith Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc.

FOUR ROMANIANS PARDONED IN IRAQ. Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
pardoned four Romanian citizens, Radio Bucharest reported on 11 April.
The four, who had been jailed for illegally entering Iraq from Turkey,
were freed from prison following a visit to Baghdad by Marcel Dinu, a
special envoy of Romania's President Ion Iliescu. Dinu, who is a state
secretary in the Foreign Affairs Ministry, carried "a humanitarian
message" from Iliescu to Hussein, the radio said. Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL,
Inc.

ROMANIA HAS NO INFORMATION ON ARAFAT-PERES MEETING. The Romanian
Foreign Ministry Affairs said on 11 April that it had no knowledge of a
meeting in Bucharest on 15 April between PLO leader Yassir Arafat and
Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres. In a statement broadcast by
Radio Bucharest, the ministry's spokesman Mircea Geoana said that the
two officials had been invited to participate in the proceedings of the
Crans Montana Forum that will be held in Bucharest on 21-24 April, but
their participation had so far not been confirmed. Israeli television
mentioned the possibility of such a meeting on 10 April. Dan Ionescu,
RFE/RL, Inc.

ROMANIAN OPPOSITION PARTY OFFICES BURGLED. Reuters reported on 11 April
that the headquarters of the Democratic Party-National Salvation Front
in Bucharest had been burglarized one day previously. The leader of
that party, former Prime Minister Petre Roman, told the agency that his
personal notes were taken but that no valuables seemed to have been
stolen except for an envelope containing his monthly parliamentary
salary. Roman said the thieves had probably known where to find his
notes. Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc.

IMF PROVIDES BULGARIA WITH FRESH CREDITS . . . On April 11 the Board of
Directors of the International Monetary Fund decided to approve loans
worth $259 million to help bolster the ailing Bulgarian economy. The
IMF said in a statement that a $162 million loan had now been made
available in the form of a systemic transformation facility which will
be accompanied by a $97 million standby credit. As quoted by Reuters,
the statement said the Bulgarian economy had suffered during 1993 from
high inflation and a "considerable deterioration in the fiscal and
current account balances," but noted that the government program for
the current year had been "designed to achieve a turnaround." If the
restructuring of the economy continues, the IMF said a second $162
million credit will be made available. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc.

. . . WHICH MIGHT PAVE THE WAY FOR A DEBT SETTLEMENT. The IMF's
decision was important not only because the new loans can help to
alleviate some of the pressure on the cash-strapped Bulgarian state
finances, but since it substantially improves the country's chances of
striking a comprehensive rescheduling deal with its numerous creditors.
In the next few days a Bulgarian delegation headed by Finance Minister
Stoyan Aleksandrov is due to meet with representatives of government
and commercial creditors in an effort to convince them to accept a
settlement involving a major reduction of Bulgaria's $12 billion debt,
inherited almost entirely from the communist era. The Bulgarian
financial daily Pari, however, warns the negotiators may have
difficulty persuading creditors that the government's commitment to
pro-market reforms--as displayed by the recent flurry of activity on
economic legislation--outweighs the general political turmoil of the
past months. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc.

LATVIAN PRESIDENT IN DENMARK. On 11 April in Copenhagen Guntis Ulmanis
had meetings with Danish Prime Minister Poul Rasmussen and Foreign
Minister Niels Helveg Petersen to discuss Latvian-Russian relations in
the light of the Russian president's recent decree mentioning a Russian
military base in Latvia. Ulmanis told a press conference that he
doubted the decree could have been a mistake for it reflected the views
of a segment of Russian society. There were indications, he said, that
the Skundra radar station was being converted to a military base, for a
week prior to the decree "staff vacations and leave were canceled and
construction work inside the base increased," Reuters reports. In the
evening Ulmanis flew to Paris for meetings with French Prime Minister
Edouard Balladur and Foreign Minister Alain Juppe. On 12 April he flies
to England. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc.

IMF EXTENDS FURTHER FUNDS TO LITHUANIA. The International Monetary Fund
approved Lithuania's request to draw $36 million in the form of a
systemic transformation facility, BNS reported on 11 April. An equal
sum had been provided earlier in October 1993. The IMF loan was one of
the parliament's principal arguments for adopting the litas reliability
law that resulted in pegging the litas to the US dollar. The IMF
representative in Vilnius, Peter Cornelius, said that privatization in
Lithuania has been proceeding smoothly, but should be accelerated by
removing preferential treatment for employees and managers. A
bankruptcy law is in force although a clear bankruptcy procedure is
still lacking. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc.

LITHUANIAN PRIME MINISTER IN KUWAIT. On 9 April Algidas Slezevicius
began a two-day visit to Kuwait, Radio Lithuania reports. He signed an
agreement with Kuwait for a $50 million loan with an interest rate of
4-5%. The money will be used for the construction of gas pipelines in
the cities of Birzai and Marijampole and an off-shore oil terminal at
Butinge near the Latvian border. Slezevicius also signed a treaty on
the protection of investments. On 11 April he traveled to the United
Arab Emirates where he had talks with various government officials and
signed a memorandum signaling several bilateral economic agreements.
Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc.

MORE ON UKRAINIAN ELECTION RESULTS. The head of the Central Electoral
Commission, Ivan Yemets, announced on Ukrainian TV late on 11 April
that 337 deputies have now been elected to the Ukrainian parliament and
that further runoffs to fill the remaining 112 seats will probably be
held before the end of the month. The current election law was designed
not to encourage the nominations of candidates by political parties. Of
the more than 3,600 candidates initially registered, only 643 were put
forward by parties, the rest standing as independents. The largest
group of lawmakers elected, about 165, are therefore independents who
have still to align themselves. Of those nominated by political
parties, the Communist Party of Ukraine (which, as was expected, won
heavily in the industrialized and Russified eastern regions) has
obtained 76 seats and its allies, the Peasants' Party of Ukraine--18,
and the Socialist Party of Ukraine--14. Rukh claims that it won 28
seats and can count on the support of at least another ten or so
independents. Of the other national democratic parties, the Ukrainian
Republican Party won 6 seats, the Party for the Democratic Revival of
Ukraine--5, the Democratic Party of Ukraine--3, and the Congress of
Ukrainian Nationalists--6. The centrist-liberal Interregional Bloc for
Reforms, led by Leonid Kuchma and Volodymyr Hrynov, does not appear to
have done as well as was expected, obtaining only about 10 seats so far
(though in parliament it may attract the support of numerous
independents). The ultra- and radical-nationalist parties obtained 5
seats, all in Western Ukraine. The new parliament will also have a
small group of representatives of the patriotic Union of [Military]
Officers of Ukraine (5 elected so far) and serving, or former, senior
military and security service officials, such as former Ukrainian Navy
Commander, Borys Kozhin. Former Defense Minister Kostyantyn Morozov,
seen by many as a possible presidential candidate, faces another
run-off in a Kiev constituency. Only 56 members of the old parliament
have been reelected. Bohdan Nahaylo, RFE/RL, Inc.

[As of 1200 CET]

Compiled by Anna Swidlicka & Stephen Foye
The RFE/RL Daily Report is produced by the RFE/RL Research
Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.)
with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs
Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail
by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU, on
the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail.

Requests for permission to reprint or retransmit this material
should be addressed to PD@RFERL.ORG. Such requests will
generally be granted on the condition that the material is
clearly attributed to the RFE/RL Daily Report. For inquiries
about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies,
please contact:

In North America:
Mr. Brian Reed
RFE/RL, Inc.
1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907
Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783
Internet: RI-DC@RFERL.ORG

Elsewhere:

Ms. Helga Hofer
Publications Department
RFE/RL Research Institute
Oettingenstrasse 67
80538 Munich
Germany
Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624
Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648
Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG

Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.

[English] [Russian TRANS | KOI8 | ALT | WIN | MAC | ISO5]

F&P Home ° Comments ° Guestbook


1996 Friends and Partners
Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole
Please visit the Russian and American mirror sites of Friends and Partners.
Updated: 1998-11-

Please write to us with your comments and suggestions.

F&P Quick Search
Main Sections
Home
Bulletin Board
Chat Room
F&P Listserver

RFE/RL
1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
Search

News
News From Russia/NIS
News About Russia/NIS
Newspapers & Magazines
Global News
Weather

©1996 Friends and Partners
Please write to us with any comments, questions or suggestions -- Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole