|...ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country. - John F. Kennedy|
No. 37, 23 February 1994
RUSSIA RUSSIA OPPOSES FURTHER ULTIMATUMS. Special envoy Vitalii Churkin, at a working meeting on Bosnia held near Bonn on 22 February, discouraged the idea that the further use of ultimatums should be used to bring peace to Bosnia. "Sarajevo is a very special place . . . . The geography and social configuration are very different from other parts of Bosnia," Churkin explained. Meanwhile, at the UN, the Russian Foreign Ministry issued a statement on 22 February saying that the first step on the part of the US and European countries should be "to exert the necessary pressure on the Bosnian Government to make it cooperate with the UN in unblocking and demilitarizing Sarajevo." The statement said that it was the Russian initiative that had convinced the Bosnian Serbs to pull back and Russia's approach did not resort to "unilateral ultimatums, ITAR-TASS reported. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc. US PROTESTS SPYING. US Secretary of State Warren Christopher delivered an official protest to Vladimir Chkhikvishvili of the Russian embassy in Washington over the recent discovery of an alleged spy for the Soviet Union and later the Russian Federation in the US Central Intelligence Agency. The alleged spy, Aldrich Hazen Ames, worked from 1985 to 1988 in the CIA's Soviet counterintellience branch during his 31-year career with the CIA. He was arrested on 22 February after an investigation lasting ten months, Western agencies reported. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc. EXPANDED CABINET MEETING TO BE POSTPONED? The expanded cabinet session scheduled for 25 February may be postponed, reported ITAR-TASS of 21 February and Interfax of 22 February. The session, to which regional leaders had been invited, was expected to discuss the implications and ramifications of the president's speech on 24 February, the government's economic program, and the draft budget for 1994. Interfax suggested that the postponement--probably to 3 March--was attributable to the need for more time to examine the presidential speech and in view of Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin's scheduled visit to Finland on 26-28 February while ITAR-TASS noted that Chernomyrdin had a severe cold. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. IMF AND G-7 REVIEWS AFFECTED. IMF Managing Director Michel Camdessus has postponed a visit to Moscow, tentatively planned to commence on 26 or 27 February, an RFE/RL correspondent reported. Sources at the International Monetary Fund are quoted as saying that there is "nothing to talk about," by which they are presumed to mean that the 1994 budget is still being elaborated. The G-7 meeting near Frankfurt is still scheduled for 26 February; one of the principal topics to be discussed is the economic program of the Russian government. Acting Finance Minister Sergei Dubinin, Economics Minister Aleksandr Shokhin, and Central Bank Chairman Viktor Gerashchenko have been invited to attend. Leaks from the purported Chernomyrdin report cited by Kyodo on 22 February and an Interfax interview of 21 February with Labor Minister Gennadii Melikyan suggest that the Russian government is considering the reintroduction of wage and price controls. This is unlikely to go down well with the IMF and G-7. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. BANKS MINIMUM CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS RAISED. Effective 1 March, the minimum capital requirement for new commercial banks will be raised from its present 100 million rubles to 2 billion rubles. This was announced at a news conference on 21 February by Dmitrii Tulin, deputy chairman of the Central Bank, Russian agencies and The Financial Times of 22 February reported. Existing banks have until January 1995 to increase their capital to 2 billion rubles. >From 1999 the threshold will be raised to 5 million ECUs. Tulin said that the aim of the measure was to protect depositors, reduce money-laundering, and to help banks compete on the international market. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. TURKISH-RUSSIAN GRIEVANCES. Russia "is not quite satisfied" with the amended regulations for the passage of shipping through the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus proposed by Turkey earlier this month, and advocates convening an international conference on the issue, according to a senior Russian diplomat quoted by Interfax on 22 February. The diplomat charged that Turkey was interpreting "rather freely" the terms of the 1936 Treaty of Montreux, specifically by arguing that large ships should wait their turn to pass through the straits; he also criticized as "very complicated" the procedure envisaged for nuclear-powered vessels. Also on 22 February, the Turkish Foreign Ministry lodged a protest with the Russian ambassador over a planned one-day conference on "The History of Kurdistan" to be held in Moscow with PKK backing, AFP reported citing the Turkish Daily News. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. ZHIRINOVSKY APPEALS TO THE SECRET SERVICE OFFICERS. The leader of the ultra nationalist Liberal Democratic Party, Vladimir Zhirinovsky called on the officers of the security agencies to "overcome all difficulties and hardships and to stay in their positions," Ostankino television reported on 21 February. Zhirinovsky said that he knows that presently many most qualified officers are leaving the service, but he is urging them not to do so, because their skills will be needed when he and his party will come to power. He also called on the officers to register and monitor "all those, who are selling out the interests of the state." Victor Yasmann, RFE/RL, Inc. FINAL RESULTS OF THE RUSSIAN ELECTIONS ARE STILL NOT PUBLISHED. The final report of the Central Electoral Commission (CEC) on the results of the 12 December 1993 Russian parliamentary elections has not appeared yet in the Russian media. In an article in Novoe vremya (no. 7), the journal's deputy chief editor and former human rights activist Kronid Lyubarsky expresses fear that the report will never be published. The report is supposed to include the final voting figures for each electoral district of the Russian Federation. The voting figures distributed by the CEC and news agencies were not complete and also contradictory. The publication of the report was promised in a resolution that was issued by the CEC on 25 December 1993 and published in Rossiiskaya gazeta on 28 December. Moreover, a resolution on the electoral procedure, signed by Yeltsin in November, stipulates that the final report on results of the elections is published within a month after the elections take place. Vera Tolz, RFE/RL, Inc. PARTIES PREPARE FOR PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS. While the split in the ranks of radical reformers appears to have deepened, other parties have succeeded in streamlining their structures. The recent congress of the centrist Democratic Party of Russia decided to strengthen its structures for the presidential elections, Kommersant daily reported on 22 February. The leader of the party, Nikolai Travkin, did not exclude the possibility to run for presidency. The right-wing Russian All-People's Union has also taken the step to transform itself into a centralized party. Hard-liner Nikolai Pavlov said that the leader of the Russian All-People's Union, Sergei Baburin, should be nominated as a candidate for president. Alexander Rahr, RFE/RL, Inc. CIS UKRAINE SAYS RUSSIA NEGLECTING RIGHTS OF UKRAINIAN MINORITY. The Ukrainian Minister for Nationalities and Migration, Oleksandr Yemets, has accused Russia of ignoring the needs of its largest minority--the Ukrainians, Reuters reported on 22 February. "We feel the cultural and national needs of Ukrainians (in Russia) are poorly satisfied," he told a conference in Kiev. Comparing the extensive cultural and national facilities which Ukraine's 11-million-strong Russian minority enjoys, Yemets said that "There is not a single Ukrainian school in Russia," even though there are many areas where Ukrainians live compactly. He said that his ministry had received complaints from Ukrainians in Russia that some local authorities were openly hostile to attempts to establish Ukrainian schools. Ukrainians in Russia have also been pressing for the opening of Ukrainian cultural centers and radio and TV programs in Ukrainian. According to the 1989 census there were 4.4 million Ukrainians in the RSFSR but Yemets claimed that the real figure is between six to 10 million. Bohdan Nahaylo, RFE/RL, Inc. KIEV RESPONDS ON NUCLEAR MISSILES CHARGE. Ukrainian officials expressed dismay and some confusion on 22 February over charges, made public earlier that day, that Kiev is interfering with Russia's ability to assure control over--and the safety of--nuclear missiles based in Ukraine. The charges, which pertained particularly to the swearing of oaths of loyalty to Ukraine by some officers within the 43rd Missile Army, were made by Russian strategic forces commander-in-chief Igor Sergeev in a letter to Defense Minister Pavel Grachev. In Kiev, Ukrainian Deputy Defense Minister Ivan Bizhan said that Kiev was in no way interfering with Moscow's operational control over the nuclear weaponry, and that officers taking the Ukrainian oath of loyalty had done so voluntarily. According to Reuters and Interfax, Ukrainian Deputy Foreign Minister Boris Tarasyuk echoed Bizhan's remarks and suggested that there might be forces in Moscow trying undermine good relations between the two countries. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. ALL STRATEGIC BOMBERS OUT OF KAZAKHSTAN; TALKS ON THOSE IN UKRAINE. The commander-in-chief of Russia's Air Force, Col. Gen. Petr Deinekin, was quoted by Interfax on 22 February as saying that the last four Russian Tu-95MS (NATO designation: Bear H) bombers had been moved from Kazakhstan to Russia. They had been based near Semipalatinsk. Deinekin said that a total of 40 Tu-95MS's had once been stationed in Kazakhstan and that several obsolete Tu-95's, manufactured in 1955, would remain at the Semipalatinsk airfield. Deinekin said that "none of the CIS member nations outside of Russia is capable of keeping the air force component of the strategic nuclear forces operational" because they lacked the necessary financing and expertise. Ukraine continues to possess strategic bombers; Deinekin said that only a few were operational and that heretofore unsuccessful talks continued between Russia and Ukraine on the redeployment of these aircraft. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA AKAEV MEETS YELTSIN. Kyrgyzstan's President Askar Akaev met in Moscow with his Russian counterpart Boris Yeltsin on 22 February to discuss relations between the two countries, Russian news agencies reported. Akaev has been under pressure from Russian government leaders to institute dual citizenship, which Akaev has argued that he cannot do without parliamentary approval. He is eager to stop the emigration of non-Kyrgyz from his country, and brought to Moscow a package of proposals to make residence in Kyrgyzstan more attractive for the Russian-speaking population. Kyrgyzstan is susceptible to Russian pressure on the issue of Russian-speakers' rights because of the country's economic dependence on the Russian Federation. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. ANOTHER UZBEK ACTIVIST SENTENCED. RFE/RL's Uzbek Service learned on 22 February that Safar Bekjan, an activist of Uzbekistan's opposition Erk Party, has received a three-year jail sentence for allegedly having stolen a gold coin from a museum in the town of Ellikkala in Khorezm Oblast. Bekjan was arrested in Tashkent in July 1993 and has been awaiting trial ever since. He and other Erk activists insist that he is innocent and that the charge was politically motivated, as have been numerous court proceedings against members of the Uzbek opposition since mid-1992, when the Uzbek government began a harsh crackdown on the opposition. Sentences handed down after late 1993 appear to be harsher for previously they often included suspensions. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE BOSNIA UPDATE. On 22 and 23 February the international media report extensively on a meeting in Bonn between Western and Russian officials dealing with the situation in Bosnia. AFP says that all in attendance agreed to cooperate in working towards peace, but Tanjug adds that Russian officials have urged against the future use of ultimatums. In other news, Reuters reports that 5 Swedish peace keepers were injured on 22 February when a shell exploded in the Moslem enclave of Tuzla. According to Reuters, this incident may have prompted UN commander for Bosnia Lt. Gen. Sir Michael Rose to ask for air strikes as a way of defending the peace keepers, but ultimately UN envoy Yasushi Akashi was not contacted with the request. Meanwhile, the Belgrade press on 23 February covers rump Yugoslav reactions to the developments in Bosnia. According to Borba, federal Prime Minister Radoje Kontic has said that ultimatums will fail to bring peace in Bosnia, while Politika reports that Democratic Opposition of Serbia leader Vuk Draskovic maintains peace will not come to Bosnia until all three sides involved in the conflict are disarmed. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. UN TROOPS BLOCKED AT BOSNIAN-CROATIAN BORDER. On 22 February AFP reported that UN troops were being dispatched to a region at the Bosnian-Croatian border in order to aid fellow peace keepers. On 18 February rebel Serb forces from Croatia sealed off a UN peace keeping post, effectively blockading a contingent of Nepalese peace keepers and taking control of a transit route on the Sava River. On 23 February Borba, citing Reuters, reports that UN officials have called for jets to fly overhead the Serb positions, but only in order to "intimidate the Serbs." The call for air cover came when officials learned the Serbs were calling in tanks to reinforce their position. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. GREECE STICKS TO BLOCKADE. Rejecting criticism by the 11 other member states of the European Union on the previous day, Greece on 22 February defended its blockade against the Republic of Macedonia aimed at pressuring the country into amending the constitution which Athens says includes territorial claims and removing a symbol claimed to be Hellenic from its flag. Responding to several countries that have questioned the legality of the Greek measure under EU law, government spokesman Evangelos Venizelos said the Treaty of Rome allows member states to impose sanctions against a country which is "provoking international tension." Venizelos told Reuters that Skopje must meet the Greek demands before a dialogue can be resumed. In The Hague Macedonian Foreign Minister Stevo Crvenkovski said his government is not prepared to enter direct talks while being threatened in this manner. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc. POLAND'S WALESA ON THE WARPATH. Launching an angry attack on "postcommunist" forces on 22 February, President Lech Walesa announced that he is withdrawing his representative from the parliamentary commission charged with drafting a new constitution. In voting down his constitutional proposals, Walesa said, the parliament had "spurned the possibility of cooperation." In an interview with PAP, Walesa added that the former communists, tolerable when in the minority, have become too strong and are returning to the discredited methods of the past. The president vowed to carry out lustration and decommunization, reversing his past position on the subject. Coalition leaders dismissed Walesa's charges as a first offensive in his campaign for reelection in 1995, designed to muster the support of right-wing forces and play on public dissatisfaction with the government. Walesa announced plans to stage rallies across the country. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. POLISH-LITHUANIAN TREATY COMPLETED. After more than a year of negotiations, Poland and Lithuania agreed on the text of a bilateral friendship and cooperation treaty during a fifth round of talks in Warsaw on 22 February. Lithuanian officials said the treaty could be signed as early as March, PAP reports. The major hitch in the negotiations--Lithuania's demand for a formal condemnation of Poland's occupation of Vilnius in 1920--was apparently overcome when both sides agreed to mention no dates or historical figures in the preamble to the treaty. Lithuania is the one remaining neighbor with which Poland has yet to sign a treaty. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. KOZYREV IN POLAND. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev began a two-day working visit to Cracow on 22 February, PAP reports. Talks with Polish Foreign Minister Andrzej Olechowski were devoted to security issues. Kozyrev argued that NATO's expansion should not be the chief focus of the Partnership for Peace, but Olechowski repeated Poland's conviction that "if it is not possible to build a Europe without divisions, the Partnership could lead to NATO's embracing just a few countries." Olechowski further stressed Poland's desire for friendly relations with a "democratic and wealthy Russia." The two ministers signed an agreement binding each side to finance and protect the other partner's grave sites, war cemeteries, and monuments located on its own territory. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. CZECH PREMIER ON RESTITUTION OF JEWISH PROPERTY, SUDETEN GERMANS. Speaking to journalists in Prague on 22 February, Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus said that he had met with Jiri Danicek, chairman of the Federation of Jewish Communities, and with chief rabbi Karel Sidon to discuss the restitution of Jewish property. (See RFE/RL Daily Report of 22 February) Klaus told the two that his government will not submit a new law but will act to return all former Jewish property that is now in the possession of the state and will appeal to municipalities to return Jewish property that has come to their possession. Commenting on his statements published on 21 February in the German daily Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung on the Czech-German controversy surrounding the issue of some 3 million Sudeten Germans who were expelled from Czechoslovakia after World War II, Klaus repeated his stand that the Czech government opposes "the collective solution" and prefers to deal with Sudeten Germans on "an individual basis." Klaus's 21 February statements were criticized by Germany's Christian Social Union, a member of Bonn's ruling coalition. A party spokesman termed Klaus's solution a "soap bubble." Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNGARIAN LIBERAL PARTIES ENTER INTO ELECTORAL COALITION. On 22 February the Alliance of Free Democrats, the Alliance of Young Democrats, the Agrarian Alliance, and the Liberal Civilian Alliance of Entrepreneurs signed an agreement to support each other's candidates in the May national elections, MTI reports. Under the agreement, the parties will support in the second round of the election the candidates who received the most votes in the first round. The agreement does not bind the parties to enter into a coalition following the elections. The parties' leaders told a press conference that their parties now form the largest electoral group in Hungary. Edith Oltay, RFE/RL, Inc. EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT PRESIDENT IN BUDAPEST. Egon Klepsch met on 21 and 22 February with Premier Peter Boross, President Arpad Goncz, and high ranking Hungarian government and parliamentary officials, MTI reports. Klepsch supported closer cooperation between the Hungarian parliament and the European Parliament's committees. In a speech to the Hungarian parliament, Klepsch praised Hungary's internal stability and the country's progress in building a parliamentary democracy. Edith Oltay, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNGARY AND ITALY SIGN MILITARY COOPERATION AGREEMENT. Hungarian Defense Minister Lajos Fur and his Italian counterpart Fabio Fabbri signed on 22 February in Budapest a cooperation agreement between their two countries' armed forces, MTI reports. The accord includes the mutual exchange and training of officers, continuous military consultations, and cooperation between military intelligence services and military industries. The two sides will examine the possibility of joint military exercises which will depend on the development of Hungary's relations with NATO in the framework of the alliance's Partnership for Peace program. Alfred Reisch, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIAN RULING PARTY TALKS AGAIN TO THE OPPOSITION. On 22 February the ruling Party of Social Democracy in Romania conducted talks with the opposition Democratic Party-National Salvation Front. Romanian Television first said that the talks were aimed at exploring a new coalition, but later, in what seems to have been the result of pressure exerted by the PSDR, said the talks had dealt with the possibility of concluding a "political and social pact." The democratic opposition insists that no such pact can be concluded without setting up a new coalition. DP-NSF Vice Chairman Adrian Severin said after the talks that he was "neither optimistic, nor pessimistic," as this was just the beginning of a possible future cooperation. At a separate PSDR press conference it was stated that the setting up of a coalition including the Greater Romania Party and the Socialist Labor Party was no longer on the agenda, following the announcement of the two formations that they had suspended coalition talks. Discussions are continuing for finalizing the coalition agreement with the Party of Romanian National Unity. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. POLISH DEFENSE MINISTER IN ROMANIA. A military delegation headed by Poland's Defense Minister Piotr Kolodziejczyk began a three day visit to Romania on 21 February. Radio Bucharest said on 22 February that Kolodziejczyk was met by President Ion Iliescu, Prime Minister Nicolae Vacaroiu and other officials. In talks conducted with Defense Minister Nicolae Spiroiu, the two sides concluded that they have "an identical understanding" of the need to restructure their armies in order to make them "compatible with the armies of democratic states" as a means of "ascending to European collective security structures." Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. DOGAN WRITES UDF. In a letter delivered to the parliamentary group of the Union of Democratic Forces on 22 February, the Chairman of the Movement for Rights and Freedoms, Ahmed Dogan, says he is deeply concerned about the progress of political and economic reforms and would favor a resurrection of the previous alliance between the mainly Turkish MRF and the UDF. Dogan writes that the government's failure to launch an effective privatization scheme, delays in the land reform, and continued decline in production, are signs that the reform process has ground to a halt, and that the "leftist forces" [evidently the Bulgarian Socialist Party] are consolidating their positions in society. As quoted by BTA, UDF faction leader Stefan Savov expressed skepticism regarding the MRF's overtures but said any concrete proposals would be considered. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc. SNEGUR SAYS YELTSIN TO MEDIATE DNIESTER CONFLICT. Moldovan President Mircea Snegur on 22 February informed US Ambassador to Moldova Mary Pendleton, that Russian President Yeltsin has offered to mediate negotiations between Chisinau and the "Dniester" leaders, a communique of the Moldovan presidency announced (as cited by Basapress). In the communique, Yeltsin suggested that the negotiations "may take the recommendations of the CSCE Mission to Moldova as a basis." The Mission has drafted a plan for a devolution of some powers from Chisinau to Tiraspol, falling well short of federalization, let alone the confederalization demanded by the insurgent leaders. Snegur added that the new Parliament, due to be elected on 27 February, will examine draft laws on special status for the Transdniester and Gagauz areas as a top priority. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. UKRAINIAN FOREIGN MINISTER SEEKING SUPPORT IN BONN. After visiting Slovakia, on 22 February Ukraine's Foreign Minister Anatolii Zlenko began a two-day official visit to Germany, German and Ukrainian media report. He was received by his German counterpart, Klaus Kinkel, who promised continued economic support for Ukraine and for the integration of the country into European security structures. Calling on Kiev to continue nuclear disarmament and speed up economic reforms, Kinkel said that Bonn backs European Union efforts to help Ukraine and called for a partnership and cooperation accord between Ukraine and the European Union. Bohdan Nahaylo, RFE/RL, Inc. KRAVCHUK ANNOUNCES HE WILL NOT SEEK REELECTION. The Ukrainian media and political figures are commenting widely on President Leonid Kravchuk's sudden announcement made at the end of last week in an interview for RFE/RL that will not seek reelection in the presidential election scheduled for 26 June, that is three months after parliamentary elections. Kravchuk says that he does not want to be made a scapegoat by the new parliament for the country's economic and social difficulties. Apart from his waning popularity and failure to obtain additional powers from parliament to deal with the economic crisis, some commentators are explaining Kravchuk's decision by his fear that if the socialist and communist forces win convincingly in the parliamentary elections, they will reduce the powers of the presidency even more, or even do away with the institution entirely. Kravchuk is scheduled to report to parliament on 23 February, together with the acting prime minister and director of the National Bank, on the state of the economy. Bohdan Nahaylo, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIA PREPARES TO MARK UNILATERALLY BORDERS WITH ESTONIA. On 22 February Russian Foreign Ministry official Sergei Prikhodko reiterated his country's intention to mark the Russian-Estonian border. He was quoted as saying that "the Foreign Ministry is preparing decisions to demarcate the borders unilaterally." Prikhodko explained the move as having been motivated by Estonia's unwillingness to discuss the issue; recent incidents between Estonian border guards and Russian citizens; and by persons who, he said, incited the local people to accept Estonian citizenship. Interfax also reported on 22 February that before discussing border issues, Estonia wants Russia to recognize the validity of the Russian-Estonian peace treaty of 1920 that stipulated the borders between the two countries. Estonian politician Tunne Kelam pointed out that once Moscow recognizes the treaty, which has never been revoked, then Estonia's "position can be more flexible in this respect and take into account the interests of today." Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. LATVIAN, BELARUSIAN PREMIERS SIGN EIGHT ACCORDS. On 21 February Latvia's Prime Minister Valdis Birkavs and his Belarusian counterpart Vyacheslau Kebich signed in Minsk eight accords outlining specific modes of cooperation between their two countries. One of the agreements deals with trade and economic cooperation and another one permits Belarus to transport through Latvia special cargoes, including weapons for excport. The two sides also agreed to ease border-crossing regulations for people living in the border area and to establish a working group to mark that frontier. Birkavs said that Latvia will guarantee the human rights of Belarusians living there but will not grant citizenship to citizens of Belarus since Latvia does not endorse dual citizenship, BNS and Diena reported. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. CSCE HIGH COMMISSIONER IN ESTONIA. On 21 February in Tallinn Max van der Stoel, the CSCE high commissioner for Ethnic Minorities, met with Estonian Foreign Minister Juri Tuik, Population Minister Peeter Olesk, Ants Paju, President Lennart Meri's representative at the round table talks on ethnic minority issues, and representatives of Russian-speaking organizations, BNS reports. On 22 February he traveled to Narva where he held talks with Narva mayor Raino Murd and other local officials, and met with the CSCE monitors' mission in Narva. On 23 February he will meet with Prime Minister Mart Laar and Mart Piiskop, the head of the Citizenship and Migration Department. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. PERSONNEL CHANGES IN BELARUS. Belarusian Premier Vyacheslau Kebich has abolished the Anti-Crime and National Security Committee, Interfax reported on 17 February. Instead, a new post in the Cabinet of Ministers, the Ministry of National Security, has been established with conservative deputy Henadz Danilau as its chairman. Kebich also established a new department for the coordination of administrative bodies' activities with another conservative, Valeri Paulau, as its head. On 22 February, the Supreme Soviet elected Ivan Bambiza, secretary of its planning and budget commission, as deputy chairman of the parliament. It also approved Henadz Lavitsky, KGB counterintelligence chief as the new KGB chairman and first deputy interior minister, Uladzimir Danko as Minister of the Interior. Saulius Girnius and Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Saulius Girnius and Dan Ionescu The RFE/RL Daily Report is produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU, on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. Requests for permission to reprint or retransmit this material should be addressed to PD@RFERL.ORG. Such requests will generally be granted on the condition that the material is clearly attributed to the RFE/RL Daily Report. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: In North America: Mr. Brian Reed RFE/RL, Inc. 1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907 Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783 Internet: RI-DC@RFERL.ORG Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer Publications Department RFE/RL Research Institute Oettingenstrasse 67 80538 Munich Germany Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624 Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648 Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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