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No. 31, 15 February 1994
RUSSIA KOZYREV PUTS EASTERN EUROPE INTO SPHERE OF INTEREST. Announcing his plans to travel to Greece, Slovakia, Hungary, and Poland, Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev said that "Russia sees [the East European states] in its sphere of its vitally important interests, meaning that Moscow is vitally interested in development of friendly relations with them," Interfax cited him as saying on 14 February. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc. RESULTS OF UNSC SESSION. The UN Security Council met on 14 February (meetings had been cancelled during the previous week due to snow in New York) to discuss the situation in Bosnia. UNSC members, with the exception of Russia and China, backed NATO air strikes on Serbian positions around Sarajevo. Russia, unable to secure enough support to call for a vote on a resolution, again voiced its disagreement with the way the decision was being handled. Russian UN Ambassador Yulii Vorontsov called for a new resolution that would include demands for a ceasefire and withdrawal of weapons, Western agencies reported. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc. GENERAL STAFF CHIEF RESIGNS? Komsomolskaya pravda on 15 February reported that Russian General Staff Chief Mikhail Kolesnikov has submitted his resignation. Kolesnikov was said to have cited differences with Defense Minister Pavel Grachev and a desire to alert President Boris Yeltsin to the purported disintegration of the army as reasons for his action. However, the newspaper reported that it was unable to obtain official confirmation of the resignation from the General Staff. No other news sources have picked up the story. On 14 February Interfax reported that Kolesnikov was among Russia's military leaders scheduled to meet in the coming days with the German Armed Forces' Inspector-General Klaus Naumann. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. GRACHEV ON RELATIONS WITH GERMANY, BOSNIA, NATO MEMBERSHIP. During discussions in Moscow with Naumann (Germany's top military officer), Grachev called for military cooperation between the two countries to promote European security; he also confirmed that Russia would withdraw the last of its military forces from Germany by 31 August of this year. According to Interfax and ITAR-TASS reports, Grachev also reiterated his opposition to NATO air attacks on Serb positions near Sarajevo, arguing that they would result in civilian casualties and might escalate the military crisis in the region. He suggested that the Russian peace-keeping force in Bosnia would remain regardless of whether the air strikes were launched. On the possible expansion of NATO, Grachev said that the Defense Ministry supports the Partnership for Peace plan, but that its mechanisms have to be better developed and that it should lead ultimately to the "integration of European countries into political unions, with the CSCE playing the leading role." Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIAN OFFICIAL: NORTH KOREA HAS NUCLEAR WEAPONS. Vladimir Kumachev, identified as an adviser to the director of Russia's Institute of National Security and Strategic Research, was quoted by AFP on 14 February as saying that North Korea currently possesses both nuclear weapons and the missiles with which to deliver them. According to Kumachev, Soviet leaders had learned as early as 1985 that North Korea was starting to develop nuclear weapons, which, he said, prompted Moscow to withdraw most of its specialists from North Korea. He said that Russia still retained about fifteen experts in North Korea to monitor its nuclear program; but it was not clear from the report if these experts were the source for Kumachev's allegations. In late January Russian General Staff spokesmen had strongly denied the authenticity of a "secret" assessment published by a Japanese newspaper--and allegedly drawn up by the Russian General Staff itself--that North Korea had, with the help of Russian scientists, developed several nuclear warheads and delivery vehicles. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. ZHIRINOVSKY'S DUMA FACTION ON BOSNIA. Aleksei Mitrofanov, a prominent figure in Vladimir Zhirinovsky's Liberal-Democratic Party and deputy chairman of the State Duma's Committee on International Affairs, said that Serbia was ready to join the Russian Federation as a "province" and that "all Eastern European states" would issue similar requests to Russia if NATO decides to carry out air strikes against Serbian forces in Bosnia, Interfax reported on 14 February. Mitrofanov called for a special parliamentary session to discuss the situation in Bosnia. He stated that the State Duma's Committee on Geopolitics, which consists mainly of members of Zhirinovsky's parliamentary group, would organize such a session. Alexander Rahr, RFE/RL, Inc. GAIDAR WARNS WEST. The leader of the radical reformist movement Russia's Choice, Egor Gaidar, who recently resigned as First Deputy Prime Minister, told the Austrian daily Die Presse on 14 February that he is convinced that Russia ought to veto NATO air strikes in Bosnia in the UN Security Council. He warned that "the West must realize that there exist a number of sensitive topics for Russia and Russian national pride." He argued that air strikes against Serb forces in Bosnia could lead to the rise of right-wing extremism in Russia as many Russians would see such strikes as a US-supported aggression. Gaidar also said that President Boris Yeltsin continues firmly to support reforms. Alexander Rahr, RFE/RL, Inc. FEDOROV OFF TO CHUVASHIA; PAMFILOVA IS ASKED TO STAY. Former Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Boris Fedorov, who recently resigned his positions, together with Gaidar, in protest over Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin's plan to slow down market reforms, has accepted a job as economic adviser to Nikolai Fedorov, the newly elected president of the Chuvash Autonomous Republic. Fedorov said that Chernomyrdin's government was in disarray and without a concept. Meanwhile, Chernomyrdin has rejected the resignation offer of Social Affairs Minister Ella Pamfilova, a leading member of Russia's Choice, who had quit for similar reasons as Gaidar and Fedorov. A government spokesman said that Pamfilova is needed in order to needed to conduct a social-oriented reform policy, ITAR-TASS reported on 14 February. Alexander Rahr, RFE/RL, Inc. SHARP DROP IN DOMESTIC VODKA PRODUCTION. Interfax on 14 February quoted a spokesman for vodka distillers and the relevant bureaucrat on the precipitous decline in vodka output. The president of Rosalko announced that more than 140 of the Russian Federation's 240 alcohol distilleries have ceased operation and sent their workers on unpaid leave, while the head of the liquor department at the Ministry of Agriculture reported that January's output of vodka and other liquors was down to 55.6% of the plan, and production in February to date was running at 30% of the normal schedule. Both blamed the 90% excise duty imposed on domestic vodka at the end of 1993 which boosted the retail prices above those of imported spirits. The government commission on day-to-day management was scheduled to examine the vodka excise duty on 14 February. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. THE REFITTING AND REPAIRING OF NUCLEAR POWER STATIONS. West European firms are threatening to refuse to carry out urgent repairs on nuclear power stations in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe until they are protected against liability in case of accidents, The Financial Times reported on 11 February. Most of the countries operating the RBMK and VVER 230 reactors have not signed the 1963 Vienna convention which places full responsibility for damages caused by accidents on the plant operators. Another factor in improving nuclear safety in these countries is the cost. According to the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung of 14 February, the Foratom grouping of nuclear energy constructors and suppliers estimates the annual cost of repairing, refitting, and closing defective reactors at over DM10 billion. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. CIS RUSSIA-BELARUS MONETARY UNION. According to Belarusian Prime Minister Vyacheslau Kebich, the proposed monetary union between Belarus and Russia should not be viewed as a political-economic union, nor does it mean that Belarus will advance toward the market the Russian way, Interfax cited him as saying on 14 February. The same day Reuters reported that Kebich had urged a return to greater state control over the economy, including fixed food prices. The monetary union has come under criticism in Russia as favoring Belarus at Russia's expense. The relevant documents are currently being negotiated in preparation for Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin's upcoming visit to Belarus. On 9 February Reuters reported that Kebich denied that Russia would lose heavily from the deal. Although one of its terms is to be subsidized energy prices to Belarus, Kebich said Russia obtains offsetting benefits from Belarus such as the cost of maintaining some 30,000 Russian troops currently in Belarus. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA SHEVARDNADZE AGAIN PLEADS FOR PEACEKEEPING FORCE. In his traditional Monday radio address, on 14 February, Georgian parliament chairman Eduard Shevardnadze launched an impassioned appeal for the immediate deployment in Abkhazia of Russian peacekeeping troops under the aegis of the UN, in order to prevent what he termed "the most terrible disaster" and widespread bloodshed, Reuters reported. Abkhaz officials have agreed in principle to the stationing of peacekeeping troops; the Russian authorities have not commented on Shevardnadze's proposal. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. NAZARBAEV IN WASHINGTON. On the first day of his official visit to the US, Kazakhstan's President Nursultan Nazarbaev handed US President Bill Clinton documents on Kazakhstan's accession to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty as a non-nuclear state and received in return a promise of $311 million in economic assistance in 1994, Western news agencies reported on 15 February. The aid was described by US officials as not only a reward for Kazakhstan's willingness to relinquish its nuclear arsenal but also a tribute to the progress of marketization of its economy. In addition, Kazakhstan is to receive $85 million to enable it to dismantle its nuclear weapons inherited from the Soviet military. During his talks with Clinton, Nazarbaev indicated that Kazakhstan would like to join NATO's Partnership-for-Peace plan. A protocol was signed that should ease Kazakhstan's access to US Export-Import Bank loans. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE AT BAIKONUR. Nazarbaev's staff held a meeting with environmental specialists on 14 February to assess ecological damage caused by the space center at Baikonur, KazTAG-TASS reported. There have been many complaints since Kazakhstan's independence that large areas of land in the vicinity of the space center have been polluted with toxic compounds and metal discarded during spacecraft launches, but if Kazakhstani officials have tried to pressure Russian authorities over the issue, they have not done so publicly. Now, however, with discussions between the two countries over the future of Baikonur seemingly deadlocked, and possibly also in reaction to an Izvestiya claim that nuclear weapons in Kazakhstan are in an unsafe condition, Kazakhstani officials are lodging countercharges of Russian environmental damage. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE ARE THERE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN NATO AND THE UN OVER SERB ARTILLERY? The Washington Post and the BBC report at length on 15 February about alleged contradictions in the interpretation of the NATO ultimatum by representatives of the Atlantic alliance and by the UN commander in Bosnia, Lt. Gen. Michael Rose of Great Britain. The reports suggest that Rose would be content to monitor Serb guns around Sarajevo, while NATO insists that they be rendered inoperative, either by pulling them back 20 kilometers or by placing them under UN control. Efforts appear to be under way to clear up the confusion. Meanwhile at the UN's general debate on Bosnia, US Ambassador Madeleine Albright said on 14 February that diplomacy alone will not end the killing in that embattled republic unless it is "backed by a willingness to use force." The Los Angeles Times carried the story the following day. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. BELGRADE CONDEMNS WITHDRAWAL OF DIPLOMATS. On 14 February AFP and Tanjug reported that the rump Yugoslav foreign ministry issued a statement protesting the recent withdrawal of Western diplomatic staff. To date, American, British, and Dutch embassy staff people and their families have been evacuated, while German authorities are suggesting that their embassy personnel in Belgrade come home "if they wish," AFP reports. Belgrade has deplored the pull out of Western officials, calling it an "unjustified measure" and describing it as "a form of political and psychological pressure." The rump Yugoslav foreign ministry statement claims that all Western diplomats and foreigners are "perfectly safe" on rump Yugoslav soil. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. GREEK LEADER IN BELGRADE, KONTIC AT THE UN. On 14 February Reuters reported that Greek foreign minister Karolos Papoulias will be in Belgrade on 15 February to meet with Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic. Papoulias, who is reportedly seeking a way of averting possible NATO airstrikes against Bosnian Serb positions, did not tell reporters precisely what he will be discussing with Milosevic, but did say he would brief representatives of the European Union as soon as possible after the meetings with the Serbian president. Athens, which has maintained close ties with Serbia, has been critical of the NATO decision to use possible airstrikes against the Bosnian Serbs. Meanwhile, on 14 February the international media reported that rump Yugoslav prime minister Radoje Kontic was headed to New York to meet with UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali. Belgrade TV reported that Kontic would try to persuade UN officials that NATO airstrikes against the Bosnian Serbs would actually be counterproductive, and lead to jeopardizing the peace process in Bosnia. Stan Markotich, RFE/RL, Inc. MORE UKRAINIAN TROOPS TO SARAJEVO. Ukraine is preparing to send a new battalion to join UN peace keepers in Sarajevo in March. The battalion is being formed in the Carpathian Military District, Ukrainian Radio reported on 14 February. Its main mission will be escorting humanitarian aid to the civilian population in the combat area. Ukraine already has 420 troops in Sarajevo, and has promised to triple this number to 1,220 by the end of the year. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. SERB CONCENTRATION CAMP GUARD ARRESTED ON GENOCIDE CHARGES. Newsday reports on 15 February that German authorities in Munich have arrested Dusan "Dule" Tadic (42), a cafe owner and karate teacher. He is accused of some particularly grisly war crimes as a guard at the Omarska camp in Bosnia. It marks the first time that an internationally wanted war criminal in the Serbs' ethnic cleansing campaign has actually been arrested. Meanwhile, the 14 February issue of the independent Feral Tribune quotes former Croatian Foreign Minister Zvonimir Separovic as expressing concern that President Franjo Tudjman's policy of rapprochement with Serbia could lead to Croatian victims of Serbian aggression being forgotten. Other opposition political figures, as well as some within Tudjman's own party, have expressed similar views. Croats and Serbs are slated to open low-profile bureaus in each other's capitals on 15 February. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. PARTY OF SERBIAN UNITY THREATENS TO ARREST RUGOVA. The ultra-nationalist Party of Serbian Unity (SSJ) on 10 February called on the competent organs of Serbia to immediately arrest the president of the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosovo, Ibrahim Rugova. The party, which failed to get a single seat in last December's Serbian elections, also wants the authorities to start a lawsuit against him and all members of his organization, the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK), Borba reported on 11 February. The leader of the SSJ, Zeljko Raznatovic "Arkan," an internationally wanted war criminal and petty gangster, threatened to arrest Rugova if the Serbian authorities fail to do so. Arkan's deputy Borislav Pelevic said: "we will find a way to haul Ibrahim Rugova and all members of his hostile organization into a Serbian People's Court and suspend their further work," adding that all political forces in Kosovo should unite in a "war against Rugova and his organization." Meanwhile the police raided the office of the LDK in Pristina on 12 February and confiscated several documents, Rilindja reported on 13 February, adding that the number of police raids has increased in recent days. Fabian Schmidt, RFE/RL, Inc. SLOVAK PRESIDENT DOUBTS EARLY ELECTIONS WILL BRING STABILITY. Just as most major political parties in Slovakia, both in and outside the parliament, have come out in support of early elections, President Michal Kovac said he fears that political instability will continue even after new elections. Speaking on Slovak Radio on 14 February, Kovac said early elections should be held "only if other means fail." Premier Vladimir Meciar has called for new elections as early as June, while other parties prefer to wait until the fall, or even until 1995. Kovac has repeatedly called for the creation of a broad coalition government. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMAN KOVAC EXPLAINS HIS GROUP'S POSITION. On 14 February Deputy Premier Roman Kovac, who has recently signed on to the Alternative of Political Realism, a faction within Meciar's Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, appeared on Slovak Television to explain his group's ideas. Kovac stressed that the creation of the APR, which has called for a broad coalition government until new elections can be held, is "neither a deviation from [MDS] principles nor a betrayal." He said the APR's proposal is necessary since the parliament is now unable to pass "important economic and social laws that are eagerly awaited by the population." Kovac said early elections will give citizens the ability "to decide the direction Slovakia is to follow in the future." Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. MORAVCIK EXPELLED FROM MECIAR'S PARTY. In a secret ballot vote during a session of the district board of the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia in Bratislava, Foreign Minister Jozef Moravcik was expelled from the party. (Moravcik, along with Roman Kovac, has recently joined the APR faction.) The board expressed their support for Meciar and parliament chairman Ivan Gasparovic, and denounced the APR, TASR reports. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. CZECH OFFICIAL ACCUSES SLOVAKIA OF PROTECTIONISM. Czech Industry and Trade Minister Vladimir Dlouhy told CTK on 11 February that new rules on food imports introduced by the Slovak government earlier that day are aimed at lowering Slovakia's trade deficit with the Czech Republic and constitute protectionism. The rules require a certificate of approval from Slovak authorities for each shipment of food entering the country. Dlouhy said this amounted to an "abuse of technical rules in trade." The rules caused blockades at Czech-Slovak border crossings. CTK reports that on 14 February, Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus asked his Slovak counterpart, Vladimir Meciar, to cancel the new Slovak rules on importing food items. Klaus said that the Czech government considered the Slovak move to be "incorrect and unfair," but ruled out retaliatory measures. Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. UNION LEADER LISTED SECOND ON SOCIALISTS' TICKET. On 12 February Sandor Nagy, the head of the Association of Hungarian Trade Unions, the heir of the former communist union, was placed second on the election list of the Hungarian Socialist Party (former Communist) headed by Gyula Horn, MTI reports. The unions also pledged to support the economic program of the party compiled by HSP deputy Laszlo Bekesi, who was placed third on the list. The trade union headed by Nagy has over a million members, large assets and a very good infrastructure that can help Horn' party during the election campaign for the early May national elections, which is about to start. Judith Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc. POLISH GOVERNMENT MAKES BUDGET REVISIONS. The Polish government submitted its corrections to the draft 1994 budget to the Sejm on 11 February, PAP reports. The revisions raise both revenues and spending by 3 trillion zloty ($140 million), leaving the deficit untouched at 83 trillion zloty ($3.9 billion). Although Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak intimated that the revisions would provide for increased spending on social welfare, they appear merely to reflect minor changes in bookkeeping. German aid to fight illegal immigration accounts for 1.4 trillion of the "new" revenues, while interest on National Bank reserves is to provide the remaining 1.6 trillion. The excise tax on cigarettes will be raised to compensate for losses resulting from the abolition of the excess wages tax. Meanwhile, the Sejm's budget commission took the unusual step on 11 February of proposing its own guidelines for monetary policy in 1994, rather than discuss those proposed by the National Bank. Sejm deputies want the money supply to increase by 169 trillion zloty ($7.9 billion) in 1994, rather than the 155 trillion zloty ($7.2 billion) proposed by the bank. Bank officials warned that the Sejm's plan would spur inflation. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. BULGARIA, LATVIA, JOIN PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE PLAN. On 14 February President Zhelyu Zhelev in Brussels signed a document making Bulgaria a party to NATO's Partnership for Peace plan, Western and Bulgarian media report. Although describing the move as "a stage toward integration into European and Euro-Atlantic structures," Zhelev stressed that no elements of Bulgaria's foreign and security policy could be interpreted as "being directed against Russia." In an apparent reference to the nationalist Vladimir Zhirinovsky, who was expelled from Bulgaria in late December, he said he hoped the alliance would find "adequate ways and means of involving Russia in European security while keeping at bay the imperialist ambitions of aspiring dictators." On 14 February Latvian Prime Minister Valdis Birkavs signed in Brussels the documents enrolling his country in the NATO program. He noted that now all three Baltic States--Lithuania had jointed the program on 27 January and Estonia on 3 February--can cooperate together with NATO on maneuvers, peacekeeping missions and humanitarian operations, Baltic and Western media reported. Kjell Engelbrekt and Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. STRIKES IN ROMANIA. Some five thousand coal miners in the Gorj, Mehedinti and Valcea counties on 14 February started a strike to demand back pay and bonuses as well as better working conditions. An RFE/RL correspondent in Bucharest quoted a trade union leader as saying that the strike would continue "as long as necessary." The strikers are affiliated with a labor confederation which is said to group some 25% of the region's miners. The confederation's controversial leader, Miron Cosma, told Radio Bucharest that the mining company was to be blamed for the strike since it failed to meet its contractual obligations. In a separate development, Romanian police announced that organizers of a protest by railway repair workers on 11 February were fined 700,000 lei ($473 at the official exchange rate) for damages caused by demonstrators to the transports ministry building. Those responsible for violence, in which 15 policemen were injured, will be prosecuted, a police general said. Dan Ionescu, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIA CHALLENGES CSCE'S, UKRAINE'S CALLS TO WITHDRAW FROM MOLDOVA. Russia's Foreign Ministry announced on 14 February that it had summoned Ukraine's ambassador to object to the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry's "unfriendly" remarks of 1 February, Interfax reports. Specifically, the Russian statement claimed that Kiev had "misinterpreted parts of the decision on Moldova made by the CSCE Foreign Ministers' meeting regarding Russia's 14th Army." That decision, made at the Rome meeting last December, in fact calls unambiguously for the early, complete, orderly, and unconditional withdrawal of Russian troops from Moldova. Ukraine's Foreign Ministry had referred to that decision in the context of objecting to Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev's recent speech on Russia's claimed right to station troops in the "near abroad" (see RFE/RL Daily Report, no. 2 and 3 February 1994). Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. BELARUSIAN LEADER ON PRESIDENCY. In an interview with Interfax on 12 February, the Chairman of the Belarusian Supreme Soviet, Mechyslau Hryb, said the parliament will soon be passing proposals to give wider powers to the Belarusian executive branch. According to Hryb, Belarus needs to strengthen law and discipline in the country. Therefore, he said, if the government of Prime Minister Vyacheslau Kebich were to ask for extra powers, the legislature should oblige. These powers could be later be transferred to the president, when one is elected. The main aim of such reforms is to create a "highly workable government." When asked when presidential elections could he held, Hryb replied that he believed they were possible at the end of June, with parliamentary elections following in November or December. He added that he himself would not be running for the presidency because of his workload as chairman. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. BELARUSIAN STRIKES. On 14 February an RFE/RL correspondent reported that Viktor Asarou, the chairman of the Federation of Belarusian Trade Unions, (the main labor federation in Belarus), said his group would not support the general strike called for by the strike committee of the Belarusian free trade unions for 15 February. The strike committee called for a nation-wide, indefinite strike to force the government to resign and hold early parliamentary elections. Asarou said his federation would not participate in the 15 February strikes because they were not well organized and could lead to clashes with authorities. He added that the federation did support the call for early elections and would join the strikes if parliament did not set an election date by the end of March. Interfax reported that the strike committee spokesman, Aleksandr Lysenka, said police were blocking entrances at the Minsk tractor factory to prevent people from handing out leaflets calling for the strike. On 12 February it was reported that police had detained members of the Belarusian Popular Front for distributing such leaflets. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. LATVIAN-RUSSIAN TALKS RESUME. On 14 February Latvian and Russian delegations met again for three days of talks in Jurmala. The participants focused on the details concerning formal accords regarding Russia's withdrawal of its troops from Latvia by 31 August 1994. Among the principal points requiring agreement is the control and eventual dismantling of the Skrunda radar and the "social guarantees" for retired Soviet officers and Russian servicemen living in Latvia, Baltic media reported. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. ESTONIANS PICKET RUSSIAN NAVY HEADQUARTERS. On 14 February about 200 people, including some parliamentarians, picketed the Russian Navy Headquarters in Tallinn protesting the continued presence of Russian troops in the republic, Interfax reports. Tunne Kelam, the chairman of Estonia's National Independence Party that plans to hold such pickets every Monday, said that the aim is to remind the Russian authorities of their pledge to complete the withdrawal by 31 August. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. LITHUANIA'S ECONOMY IN JANUARY. The Lithuanian Statistics Committee announced that in January the consumer price index rose 4.8%, BNS reported on 14 February. While this rate is lower than the 6.2% increase in December and the 6.8% increase in November, it exceeds the planned annual rate of 50% in 1994. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Vladimir Socor and Michael Shafir The RFE/RL Daily Report is produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU, on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. Requests for permission to reprint or retransmit this material should be addressed to PD@RFERL.ORG. Such requests will generally be granted on the condition that the material is clearly attributed to the RFE/RL Daily Report. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: In North America: Mr. Brian Reed RFE/RL, Inc. 1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907 Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783 Internet: RI-DC@RFERL.ORG Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer Publications Department RFE/RL Research Institute Oettingenstrasse 67 80538 Munich Germany Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624 Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648 Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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