|The only thing one knows about human nature is that it changes. - Oscar Wilde|
No. 19, 28 January 1994
RUSSIA LIFTING OF LENINGRAD BLOCKADE COMMEMORATED. Ceremonies to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the lifting of the 900-day siege of Leningrad in World War II were held on 27 January in the city, now renamed St. Petersburg. President Boris Yeltsin attended the ceremonies, but his projected two-day visit was cut short because of events in Moscow, Western agencies reported. To mark the occasion, the some 400,000 survivors of the siege were awarded increased social benefits equivalent to those given to war veterans. Mayor of St. Petersburg Anatolii Sobchak told ITAR-TASS that Yeltsin had promised state aid for the city, including financial support for new metro lines, and had guaranteed that the city and naval base of Kronstadt would be turned into a free economic zone. Wendy Slater, RFE/RL, Inc. YELTSIN WORRIED ABOUT CONTINUATION OF REFORM. Presidential advisor Vyacheslav Kostikov said that President Boris Yeltsin was alarmed by some statements made at the recent meeting of government and regional leaders in Orel, Ostankino TV "Novosti" reported on 27 January. Kostikov indicated that Yeltsin understood from various speeches there that the cabinet of Viktor Chernomyrdin may want to reintroduce some elements of the former administrative-planning system. He said that if Yeltsin realizes that Chernomyrdin's policy will be targeted against reform, he will "destroy that tendency in its embryonic state." Kostikov emphasized that Yeltsin continues to favor a strict monetary policy, privatization and a restructuring of the country's economic system. Alexander Rahr, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIA'S CHOICE REPRESENTATIVE CALLS FOR CHERNOMYRDIN'S OUSTER. Sergei Yushenkov, Russia's Choice executive secretary, said at a news conference in Moscow on 27 January that Prime Minister Chernomyrdin had acquired too much power and should be replaced. Yushenkov said the center of power in Russia had shifted from the president to the prime minister, whose government was slowing down reform, Reuters reported. Yushenkov said Russia's Choice hopes Yeltsin will offer parliament a candidate other than Chernomyrdin for prime minister. Vera Tolz, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIAN PROSECUTOR TO CHECK RUTSKOI'S CASE. The Russian Prosecutor-General began an investigation of the documents that had led Moscow prosecutor's office to conclude that former vice-president Aleksandr Rutskoi had no secret Swiss bank account, Interfax reported on 27 January. In dismissing the case against Rutskoi on 20 January the Moscow prosecutors reportedly raised another charge--that Rutskoi himself had been slandered. Interfax quoted a representative of the Moscow office as saying that "taking into account the hidden political motives, the character and social significance of the case, complex conclusions can be made." The first allegation that Rutskoi had channeled illegally obtained money into a secret Swiss bank account was made by four members of the commission set up by Yeltsin to combat crime and corruption, including Russian Justice Minister Yurii Kalmykov. If found guilty of concocting forged evidence for the false denunciation, the culprits may be sentenced to up to eight years of imprisonment. Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL, Inc. KHABAROVSK THREATENS TO WITHHOLD PAYMENTS. The governor of Khabarovsk Krai in Russia's Far East says his region will make no payments to the Russian budget in January. On 27 January, Interfax quoted the governor as complaining that the federal authorities owe the region "thousands of millions" of rubles for manufactured goods and transportation fees. As a result, the region cannot pay for all the energy it needs. Last year, many Russian regions withheld federal taxes in an effort to assert their independence from Moscow. Khabarovsk's announcement suggests the struggle may be reviving. Elizabeth Teague, RFE/RL, Inc. FORMER MOSCOW MAYOR TO INTRODUCE "TRUE RUSSIAN" REFORM. Gavriil Popov told a news conference on 27 January that the reforms under former Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev and Russian deputy Prime Minister Egor Gaidar went wrong because they were modeled after a Western pattern, Russian TV newscasts report. Popov, the chairman of the Russian Democratic Reform Movement, said that he would present an economic reform plan at its congress in Moscow on 29 and 30 January. Popov is cited as claiming that the RDRM reform would be based on a "true Russian model," similar to those of economists Grigorii Yavlinsky and Arkadii Volsky. Although the RDRM failed to win the necessary 5% of the vote to be elected to the State Duma, Popov and other RDMR leaders are rumored to be particularly close to Yeltsin and have been appointed to important posts in the presidential administration after the 12 December elections. Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL, Inc. SECRET ZHIRINOVSKY MEETING WITH MILITARY LEADERS? Moskovsky komsomolets on 27 January claimed that, according to a Russian special services officer, Vladimir Zhirinovsky held a secret meeting in late December with a number of Moscow area military commanders, including representatives of an airborne division. The house in which the meeting occurred was said to have been leased by Civic Union leader Arkadii Volsky. The special services officer claimed that the meeting was "anti-presidential" in nature, and that the officers had expressed bewilderment over why they were not called to defend the White House last October. Zhirinovsky reportedly called on the officers to cooperate with him and suggested that military leaders work more closely with certain parliamentary factions. The report of the meeting has not been substantiated by any other source. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. VOLKOGONOV RESUMES DUTIES. Long-time Yeltsin-loyalist General Dmitrii Volkogonov has apparently been reinstated on a semi-official basis to two posts from which he had, by virtue of a presidential decree signed on 24 January, been removed. On 25 January ITAR-TASS reported that Volkogonov would continue to serve as Boris Yeltsin's military advisor on a "free-lance" and unsalaried basis. On 28 January, according to Interfax, Yeltsin signed another decree that reinstated Volkogonov as head of a presidential commission charged with investigating the disappearance of foreigners in the former Soviet Union. Volkogonov's work in this area will also be unpaid, and will not have the status of civil service. As a newly-elected deputy to the Federal Assembly Volkogonov is prohibited from working in the executive branch of government. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. REPAYMENT OF EXTERNAL DEBT. At a meeting in Moscow on 27 January with representatives of Western creditor banks, both Prime Minister Chernomyrdin and Deputy Finance Minister Andrei Vavilov declared that Russia would honor its debts to government and private creditors, even if this would not prove to be easy, Interfax and Western agencies reported. Neither of the speakers specified when this might be done: some observers have recommended moratoria of up to ten years. A figure of $80 billion was given for the total sum of Russia's current indebtedness, although many Western estimates would put this closer to $90 billion. Former Finance Minister Boris Fedorov had consistently advocated repayment in full of the external debt of the former Soviet Union, while Aleksandr Shokhin, the new Economics Minister, has called for it to be written off. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. RUSSIA AND THE G-7. A spokesman for German Finance Minister Theo Waigel announced on 27 January that the finance ministers of the G-7 nations will meet near Frankfurt on 26 February to discuss, inter alia, Russia's economic reforms, Western agencies reported. On the same day, the Italian government confirmed that President Yeltsin will be invited to attend the G-7 summit in Naples in July. Prime Minister Chernomyrdin, during his visit to Italy, suggested that the G-7 be turned into the G-8--to include Russia--during the Naples summit. German Chancellor Helmut Kohl in his opening address to the World Economic Forum in Davos also said that there was no alternative but to give Russia permanent membership in the [hitherto] G-7. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. PRIMARY ALUMINUM OUTPUT TO BE CUT. The government's Operative Committee has decided to accept recommendations by the State Metallurgy Committee to reduce the annual output of primary aluminum by half a million tons, The Journal of Commerce reported on 27 January. Russia's production of primary aluminum has remained high at around 2.7 million tons a year, despite reduced domestic demand, and the surplus has been flooding the world markets, depressing prices. Economics Minister Aleksandr Shokhin was quoted as saying that unless output was cut [and exports curtailed], Russia would face restrictive import quotas from Western Europe and anti-dumping measures from the US, and could thus lose its two best markets for aluminum. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. KOZYREV'S PARTING WORDS IN CHINA. On 27 January Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev closed his three-day visit to China with assurances that Boris Yeltsin would continue with reform and that Russia's "foreign policy will not undergo profound change." At the same time, Kozyrev complained about Western interpretations of Russia's foreign policy: "What the West is saying about Russian neo-imperialism' is aimed at diverting people from the real problem, which is how Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States can maintain stability." He warned that Russia "will not listen to [the West's] lessons and lectures." Kozyrev also declared his country's intention to "strengthen friendly relations with China," Western agencies reported. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA IMF LOAN TO KAZAKHSTAN. The International Monetary Fund announced on 27 January that it approved $255 million loans to support Kazakhstan's economic reforms, an RFE/RL correspondent reported from Washington. Kazakhstan has received more than $1 billion in commitments from the international financial community to meet its external financing needs. The IMF loans include some $85 million from the Special Facility for Nations in Transformation, available immediately, and a credit of $170 million on which Kazakhstan can draw over the next twelve months. The IMF announcement praised Kazakhstan's reform program, which it said seeks to reduce the inflation rate through tight monetary policies and to speed up privatization and banking reform as well as creating a "social safety net." Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. RAFSANJANI URGES TAJIK LEADERSHIP TO TALK TO OPPOSITION. On 27 January Iranian President Ali Akbar Hashemi-Rafsanjani met with Tajikistan's Foreign Minister Rashid Alimov, in Tehran for a meeting of Economic Cooperation Organization foreign ministers, and urged that Tajikistan's government seek reconciliation with the Tajik opposition, AFP, quoting Tehran Radio, reported. Tajikistan's CIS allies have tried to pressure the country's neocommunist leadership into holding talks with the armed opposition, which continues to launch attacks on the Tajik-Afghan border. While some Tajik government leaders have expressed willingness to meet with representatives of the Tajik refugees in Afghanistan, they have been rejected dealings with the leadership of the Islamic-democratic-nationalist opposition in exile. Alimov is reported to have said that Tajikistan prefers UN peacemaking efforts to Iranian mediation. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. AKAEV ON EVE OF REFERENDUM. Kyrgyzstan's President Askar Akaev, facing a referendum on 30 January on continuation of his presidency, told journalists on 27 January that he is optimistic about the outcome, Reuters reported. Akaev said that a large majority in his favor would provide an impulse for speeding up reforms and fighting corruption. Some of Akaev's former supporters in the Kyrgyz nationalist parties have become disenchanted with the economic reform process and what they see as Akaev's excessive friendliness with Russia. Should Akaev lose the referendum, they intend to try to replace him with former Vice-President Feliks Kulov. Former Communist Party chief Turdakun Usubaliev, inspired by the success of Azerbaijan's Heidar Aliev, is also reported to be seeking a political comeback. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE WHO WILL SUCCEED SHUSHKEVICH? The Belarusian parliament reconvened on 27 January, a day after having voted the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet, Stanislau Shushkevich, out of office, various agencies reported. The session began with deputies making nominations for Shushkevich's permanent replacement. Nine candidates are vying for the post, but only two are considered serious contenders. The most likely successor is Myachyslau Hryb, chairman of parliament's defense commission. He is supported by the conservative "Belarus" faction, the largest association in parliament, which led the campaign to seek a no-confidence vote in Shushkevich. His only serious rival is Mikhail Marinich, deputy chairman of the foreign economic relations commission and former head of the Minsk Communist Party. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. BELARUS REASSURES RUSSIA . . . Prime Minister Vyacheslau Kebich said that Shushkevich's dismissal will not affect the planned signing of agreements on monetary union between Russia and Belarus, Belinform-TASS reported on 27 January. The Russian Prime Minister, Viktor Chernomyrdin, is due to visit Minsk next week to iron out the details of the union. Kebich is an advocate of a Russian-Belarusian economic union. Reuters reported Henadz Kazlau, leader of the "Belarus" faction as saying that, "Our aim is to create a confederation beginning with Russia and Belarus. Shushkevich's removal is no tragedy." Analysts predict that the effect of the removal of Shushkevich "would be to make Belarus less an independent state and more a virtual protectorate of Russia," the Washington Post reported on 28 January. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. . . . AND THE US. The US State Department reacted immediately to the news of Shushkevich's removal by issuing a statement expressing regret over the dismissal. The statement went on to say that the US expects Belarus to honor its commitment to eliminate its nuclear arsenal, AFP reported on 27 January. Shushkevich had committed Belarus to becoming nuclear free, and the US has so far promised $100 million toward dismantling the country's nuclear arsenal. Recently, Kebich and some deputies have begun demanding a share of profits from the sale of uranium extracted from Belarusian warheads, just as Ukraine is to receive. On 28 January an RFE/RL correspondent and AFP reported that the Belarusian foreign ministry summoned foreign diplomats to assure them that the country's commitments to disarmament and transition to a market economy remain unchanged. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. MOLDOVA TO CONDUCT REFERENDUM ON INDEPENDENCE. Ignoring the objections of the pro-Romanian opposition, the Moldovan Parliament's Presidium on 27 January approved a proposal by President Mircea Snegur to call a referendum confirming the country's independence. Labeled "popular consultation" in an apparent reference to the 1991 referendums held in the Baltic states, the poll is to be conducted simultaneously with the anticipated legislative elections on 27 February. Snegur and the parliamentary majority had urged such a referendum since 1991 but earlier the pro-Romanian minority used its veto power. The Parliament's decision last October to recess indefinitely and to delegate legislative authority to a revamped Presidium opened the way for both the elections and the referendum. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. MOLDOVAN LEADER BLASTS PRO-ROMANIAN GROUPS. Parliament Chairman Petru Lucinschi told a news conference on 27 January that the unification of Moldova with Romania, as desired by the minority opposition, would be "a sure way to war," creating what he called "a second Yugoslavia" in Moldova as well as beyond its borders. Basapress and an RFE/RL correspondent also report that Lucinschi reaffirmed Moldova's acceptance of the current Moldovan-Ukrainian border, which Romania and its local supporters question. He noted that the West supports regional stability and Moldova's independence and would therefore welcome an electoral victory by the ruling Agrarians and other pro-statehood parties. Vladimir Socor, RFE/RL, Inc. BOSNIAN SERBS TO LAUNCH MAJOR OFFENSIVES? The 28 January New York Times quotes Sarajevo Radio as saying that Bosnian Serb forces, which now enjoy the open support of the rump Yugoslav army, are preparing two major drives in that embattled republic. The first is in the area of Brcko in northeast Bosnia and is designed to open the east-west corridor linking Serbia with the Serb-held territories in Croatia and in western Bosnia. The second prong is a drive southward along the Drina via Gorazde and its aim is similarly to improve links to Serb-held areas in eastern Herzegovina. The drive can also be seen as an effort to consolidate Serb conquests in general in the face of fresh assertiveness on the part of the Muslim forces and amid growing morale problems and desertions within the Serb and Croat armies. In other Bosnia-related developments, international media on 27 January reported that the US Senate voted overwhelmingly in favor of a non-binding resolution calling for lifting the arms embargo on the Bosnian government. The Los Angeles Times on 28 January, for its part, says that UN investigators have confirmed some charges of wrongdoing on the part of UN troops or civilian personnel in Bosnia, but that the major accusations against them remain unfounded or under investigation. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. CROATIA CONTINUES RAPPROCHEMENT WITH SERBIA. Apparently undeterred by criticism to the effect that Croats should not sit down with the Serbian aggressor but rather repair ties to their fellow victims, the Muslims, the government of President Franjo Tudjman is going ahead with plans to improve links to Belgrade. The two governments announced on 27 January in Geneva that they would set up a joint commission to look into the fate of some 9,000 people missing since the 1991 war as well as other issues, Reuters said. Croatian Foreign Minister Mate Granic noted that he and his rump Yugoslav counterpart, Zeljko Simic, have opened talks on the main issue between them, namely the Serb insurrection in Croatia's territories generally but incorrectly known as Krajina. Vecernji list on 28 January quotes Granic at length, saying that Serb-Croat relations are the key to peace. Nedjeljna Dalmacija of 26 January takes a similar line. The weekly defends Tudjman against the charge that Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic is pulling the wool over his eyes again, arguing instead that Tudjman is simply trying to explore every avenue toward peace. Critics have also accused Tudjman, moreover, of following a blind and cynical policy of partitioning Bosnia with the Serbs at the expense of the Croats' "natural allies," the Muslims. These critics suspect that the latest contacts with Belgrade are really aimed at striking a package deal, which, they add, the Serbs will never truly agree to. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. PURGES AND PLOTS AMONG KOSOVO SOCIAL DEMOCRATS. In the Social Democratic Party of Kosovo on 24 January, four members of the steering committee resigned, two were released from office because they reside permanently abroad, and four were dismissed for inactivity, Rilindja reported on 25 January. According to the paper, "recently the impression has been growing that an unsatisfactory and intolerable atmosphere was on the rise in the leadership," adding that "the relations within the leadership worsened to the point that the very existence of the party was in question." Nonetheless, party leader Luljeta Pula Beqiri and Shkelzen Maliqi, a member of the steering committee and well-known intellectual, did not resign. Beqiri charged that the earlier "blockade" of the steering committee was caused by a group of members, who organized illegal meetings, and hatched a plot. Fabian Schmidt, RFE/RL, Inc. POLAND AWARDS PRIVATE TV LICENSE. The National Broadcasting Council awarded the single license available for a national commercial TV station to PolSat, a firm based entirely on Polish capital, on 27 January. The decision was unanimous despite the diverse composition of the nine-member council. There were nine other contenders for the private TV license. Owned by millionaire businessman Zygmunt Solorz, PolSat has broadcast to Poland by satellite from Holland since 1992. The firm's former general director, Wieslaw Walendziak, was named to head Polish public TV in November. During the public hearings that preceded the council's decision, PolSat proposed to offer programming that would "complement" rather than compete with Poland's two public TV stations. PolSat's initial capital amounts to 250 billion zloty ($11.6 million); two domestic stock offerings are planned to raise an additional 750 billion zloty ($34.8 million). The station will be ready to broadcast within six months, officials said. The broadcasting council also announced plans to give Canal Plus (a Polish-French joint venture) a license to offer coded pay-television. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. SLOVAKS DISSATISFIED WITH POLITICAL, ECONOMIC SITUATION. In a recent poll by the Sociological Institute of the Slovak Academy of Science reported by TASR on 27 January, 85% of the population expressed "discontent" with the current economic situation, while 80% of Slovaks blamed domestic policy for their economic problems. Only 28% of respondents said they trust the parliament, while 40% said they had confidence in the cabinet. A high 73% said they trusted the institution of the president. Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. LEZSAK STEPS BACK AS CANDIDATE FOR HDF CHAIRMANSHIP. On 27 January the Executive Chairman of the ruling Hungarian Democratic Forum (HDF), Sandor Lezsak, withdrew his candidacy for the chairmanship of the party, Hungarian media report. Following Prime Minister Antall's death, Lezsak became the number one politician in the HDF, and, along with Defense Minister Lajos Fur, was regarded as the most likely candidate for the position as the party's chairman, to be elected at the party's next congress in mid-February. At the 27 January meeting of the HDF national presidium, Lezsak said he would be satisfied with the post as executive chairman, the number two position in the party, and the delegates agreed to that request. Reportedly, aside from Fur, five other candidates are running for the position, but their names have not yet been made public. As the Present Prime Minister Peter Boross appears to have no ambitions to lead the HDF--although he is likely be nominated at the congress--Fur has emerged as the most likely candidate to win the HDF chairmanship. Judith Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIAN COALITION TO INCLUDE ALL EXTREMIST PARTIES. At a press conference reported by Radio Bucharest and Romanian Television on 28 January, the executive president of the ruling Party of Social Democracy in Romania, Adrian Nastase, said that his party's Central Executive Bureau has now decided to form a coalition with all parties that back the executive in parliament. The coalition should be set up by 1 March, Nastase said, and it would include, apart from the PSDR, the Greater Romania Party, the Socialist Labor Party, as well as the Party of Romanian National Unity and its ally, the Agrarian Democratic Party. The coalition members will be represented in the executive according to their proportional parliamentary strength. Nastase said the PSDR leadership could not accept what he termed as the "ultimatum-like" demands of the PRNU for setting up the coalition previously agreed on, and specifically referred to the claim to the Ministry of Justice portfolio. Responding to the statement, PRNU vice chairman Ioan Gavra said his party would stand by its position to withdraw parliamentary support from the Vacaroiu government if the PSDR-PRNU coalition is not set up by 1 February. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. CHIEF RABBI WARNS AGAINST ANTI-SEMITIC TIDE IN ROMANIA. At a press conference in Bucharest on 27 January, Chief Rabbi Moses Rosen protested against a program aired by the 2nd TV channel on 24 January. The program was on Romania's wartime leader, marshal Ion Antonescu, whose gradual rehabilitation is already underway in Romania. Among other things, it was stated that Jews had assassinated Romanian officers and soldiers in 1940, and that this explained the anti-Semitic measures subsequently taken by the Antonescu government. Rabbi Rosen said nothing was being done in Romania to combat anti-Semitism. He specifically criticized the Prosecutor General, who had rejected numerous libel suits against anti-Semitic publications, and said the democratic forces are doing nothing to thwart the phenomenon. Rosen also urged the press not to "stay silent, because that is the worst thing of all." Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. BULGARIAN ECONOMY STILL DOMINATED BY STATE SECTOR. The Bulgarian economy is still heavily dependent on the state and cooperative sectors, the National Statistical Institute (NSI) said in a report made public on 27 January. In a study of the general economic trends of 1993, the NSI estimated that the private sector is currently growing fast enough to make up for production shortfalls in state companies but remains less significant in terms of the national income. The report says private businesses control 46% of the revenues in trade, 22% in construction, 21% in industry, and 7% in transport. Meanwhile in Washington, however, World bank and Bulgarian economists were agreed that Bulgaria since 1990 has made considerable achievements in establishing a market economy. Zeljko Bogetic, a World Bank economist specializing in Bulgaria, told an RFE/RL correspondent that private sector development has already altered the country's economic structure. Referring to recent market studies, Bogetic said put the contribution of the private sector to 37% of the national economy. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc. ESTONIANS IN RUSSIA. On 26 January Reet Tobre, the leader of the Petserimaa association, a group lobbying for the reunification of the Petseri/Pechory region with Estonia, told a press conference that Russian authorities are "putting pressure" on an increasing number of people in the area who have acquired Estonian citizenship, BNS reports. Tobre said that the Russians are demanding that the inhabitants of the Petseri/Pechory region, which Russia recognized as part of Estonia by the Tartu Treaty of 2 February 1920 but annexed after World War II, who have taken out Estonian citizenship, give up their Russian citizenship, an act that would deprive them of the right to own real estate and require them to apply for a special permit to enter the border zone. She also said Russia is making it more difficult for these people to cross the border to Estonia. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. CHURKIN: RUSSIA NO THREAT TO THE BALTIC STATES. Russia's Deputy Foreign Minister Vitalii Churkin told Interfax on 27 January that his country is "absolutely no threat to the Baltic countries," and added that representatives from Russia and the Baltic States "simply have to come together and constructively resolve problems inherited from their common past." Churkin said Russia "has the impression that some Baltic politicians believe that they can ensure their national interests by means of confrontation with Russia." Churkin called this "a great delusion," and said the Baltic states "can protect their sovereignty in real terms only by building relations of partnership with Russia. Russia acts in precisely this way, and it hopes that this kind of approach will triumph," he said. Churkin also stated that Russia has already pulled out 85% of its troops, insisting that Russia "never linked the issue of troop withdrawal to changes in the situation of Russian speakers." Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. LITHUANIA SIGNS PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE. On 27 January in Brussels President Algirdas Brazauskas signed a document by which his country formally joined the NATO Partnership for Peace program, Radio Lithuania reports. Prior to the signing by NATO deputy secretary-general Amedeo de Franchis and representatives of the 16 NATO member states, Brazauskas said that Lithuania has no territorial claims on its neighbors. He also criticized Russia for claiming a security interest in the Baltic States. While in Brussels, Brazauskas had meetings with Belgian Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene, Secretary-General of the West European Union Willem van Eekelen, and Chairman of the European Commission Jacques Delors. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Saulius Girnius and Kjell Engelbrekt The RFE/RL Daily Report is produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU, on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. 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