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No. 16, 25 January 1994
RUSSIA CHERNOMYRDIN DEFENDS HIS NEW CABINET. Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin told journalists prior to his departure for Orel that he will continue to follow the economic program that the government adopted on 6 August of last year and that the president approved, ITAR-TASS reported on 24 January. He said that the program had not been changed when reformer Egor Gaidar joined the government in September 1993 as first deputy prime minister. He stated that he had always had good working relations with Gaidar and the other main reformer among his deputies, Boris Fedorov. He criticized press reports that buried the new cabinet before it started to work. Chernomyrdin promised that he will continue to cooperate closely with President Boris Yeltsin and inform him on every step his government would take. Alexander Rahr, RFE/RL, Inc. FEDOROV IN LIMBO. It remains unclear whether Finance Minister Boris Fedorov will play a role in the new Russian government or not as he still has not been officially released from his post. Aleksandr Shokhin, Minister of the Economy in the new government, told a press conference on 24 January that Yeltsin still may be able to persuade Fedorov to stay on, Russian and Western news agencies reported. Prime Minister Chernomyrdin has been surprised by the domestic and international alarm at the implications of Fedorov's departure, but irritated by Fedorov's behavior over the issue. The Guardian reports on 25 January that the prime minister told Fedorov to either resign in writing or join the government without conditions and "begin working without any more magician's tricks." Erik Whitlock, RFE/RL, Inc. YELTSIN NAMES PERSONAL REPRESENTATIVE IN PARLIAMENT. President Boris Yeltsin has appointed Professor of Law Aleksandr Yakovlev to be his representative in parliament, ITAR-TASS reported on 24 January. Until this appointment, Yakovlev worked in Moscow's Institute of State and Law. He actively participated in drafting the new Russian constitution. The creation of the post of the president's representative in the parliament is aimed at establishing better working relations between the president and deputies. In the past, Yeltsin was criticized for neglecting the old parliament, and it seems the president is determined not to repeat the same mistake with the new legislative body. Vera Tolz, RFE/RL, Inc. YELTSIN DISMISSES VOLKOGONOV. Yeltsin signed a decree on 24 January that relieved General Dmitrii Volkogonov from his duties as presidential defense and security adviser, Interfax reported. Volkogonov was elected to parliament in Russia's recent elections and, under existing rules, is prohibited from serving in both the executive and legislative branches. A military historian and former political officer, Volkogonov has served Yeltsin as a defense advisor in one capacity or another since early 1991. The Yeltsin loyalist was most recently embroiled in controversy in the weeks that followed the 4 October military assault on the parliament building when he accused Defense Minister Pavel Grachev of failing to act decisively in launching that operation. Stephen Foye, RFE/RL, Inc. POLTORANIN ACCUSES CHERNOMYRDIN OF CONSPIRACY. Interviewed by Andrei Karaulov's program "A Moment of Truth," which was broadcast on Russian Television on 24 January, former Yeltsin media chief Mikhail Poltoranin accused Prime Minister Chernomyrdin of preparing a plot aimed at overthrowing the Russian president. Chernomyrdin, Poltoranin said, plans to replace Yeltsin as president of the Russian Federation as early as April 1994. In the past, Poltoranin had made similar accusations against political opponents, including former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, but proved incapable of providing any evidence to support his charges. LEADER OF "PAMYAT" DENOUNCES ZHIRINOVSKY. Speaking at a press conference in Moscow on 24 January, Dmitrii Vasilev, the leader of the ultra-nationalist organization, "Pamyat," said there were no links and could be no links between "Pamyat" and another ultra-nationalist organization, the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) of Vladimir Zhirinovsky. Last December, Zhirinovsky's party came first in elections on party lists to the State Duma. Russian television quoted Vasilev as saying the LDP is "a wind-up toy of the government." He said Zhirinovsky had "discredited the idea of Russian national rebirth." Vasilev also accused Zhirinovsky of hiding his nationality, a reference to speculation that Zhirinovsky's father was Jewish. Vera Tolz, RFE/RL, Inc. MIRZAYANOV'S TRIAL OPENS IN MOSCOW. The trial of the scientist Vil Mirzayanov opened in Moscow on 24 January, according to Russian TV newscasts and news agencies. Mirzayanov was detained by the Ministry of Security in the fall of 1992 on the charge of disclosing state secrets. Writing in Baltimore's The Sun, as well as in the liberal Russian weeklies Moscow News and New Times, Mirzayanov had claimed that Russia was working on a nerve gas ten times as deadly as a similar US weapon, and that the chemical in question had been tested after President Yeltsin said during his state visit to Washington in January 1992 that his country would stick to a US-Soviet agreement on nonproliferation of chemical and biological weapons. At his trial, "Vesti" reported, Mirzayanov refused to cooperate with the court, stating that putting him on trial was unconstitutional. Mirzayanov's case is being heard by three judges, rather than one judge and two people's assessors as has always been the case in the former Soviet Union. The trial is being held behind closed doors because, the prosecution claims, the case involves many top secret documents. Julia Wishnevsky, RFE/RL, Inc. CHERNOMYRDIN ON WAGE AND PRICE CONTROLS. Prime Minister Chernomyrdin has been suggesting that extensive wage and price controls will be among the anti-inflationary measures in the new government's economic program. Most recently, Chernomyrdin told news correspondents in Moscow on 24 January that labor union and industrial leaders would be brought together to work out an agreement on such controls, various Western and Russian news agencies reported. While asserting that the government would continue tough spending and credit policies, Chernomyrdin said "the time has come for the use of non-monetarist methods . . . for a certain period." The prime minister's statements recall his ill-fated decision to implement price controls on 31 December 1992, an attempt rejected by more reformist policy-makers and abandoned within little more than two weeks. Erik Whitlock, RFE/RL, Inc. PROSPECTS FOR NEW IMF CREDITS. The new Minister of Economics, Aleksandr Shokhin, told a news conference on 24 January that Moscow "can hardly expect new loans this year" from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) since Russia could not meet the IMF's criteria, Reuters reported. Shokhin added that the government would continue to negotiate with the IMF on the preconditions for further credits. His statement does not represent any change in Moscow's policy, but rather a more honest admission of what is feasible. Previous commitments by the Russian government to reduce the monthly rate of inflation to below 10% and the consolidated budget deficit to below 5% of GDP were met with widespread skepticism. During the first 18 days of January, the inflation rate was reported to be 16.2%. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. PROJECTED BUDGET DEFICIT TO GROW. The chairman of the Prime Minister's Analysis and Planning Group, Andrei Illarionov, told Reuters on 24 January that the government had instructed the Russian Central Bank to print 17 trillion rubles during the first quarter of 1994 instead of the 7 trillion rubles earlier envisaged. The additional amount is to help pay for credits and subsidies to the industrial and agro-industrial sectors. This disclosure follows the announcement by Aleksandr Zaveryukha of a new support package for agriculture of up to 14 trillion rubles. Illarionov reckoned that the new emissions could raise the 1994 budget deficit to 25% of GNP. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. CHERNOMYRDIN MEETS CHECHEN PREMIER. Chechen Prime Minister Mairbek Mugadaev told a press conference in Groznyi on 24 January that in his talks with Russian Prime Minister Chernomyrdin the previous week the question of a meeting between Yeltsin and Chechen President Dzhokhar Dudaev had been raised, Interfax reported. Mugadaev claimed that in the two-hour meeting the two sides came to the conclusion that a political settlement between Russia and Chechnya and a meeting of the heads of state were needed for the resolution of all economic disputes. He added that the question had also been raised of the release of the former speaker of the Russian parliament, "Chechen citizen" Ruslan Khasbulatov. This appears to have been the highest-level meeting between a representative of Dudaev and the Russian government since Chechnya declared its independence. It was probably occasioned by the perilous state of the Chechen economy. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL, Inc. SHAKHRAI WARNS FALL OF RUBLE WILL ENCOURAGE SEPARATISM. Sergei Shakhrai, who has apparently not resigned as Minister for Nationality Affairs and Regional Policy (See RFE/RL Daily Report for 24 January), said in an interview with ITAR-TASS on 24 January that the fall of the ruble is fraught with serious consequences for interregional relations within Russia. Shakhrai forecast that it would lead in 1994 to regional frictions and interethnic conflicts that would take the form of economic separatism and a final switch to interregional barter. He saw the dangers as being most acute in the North Caucasus and particularly in Dagestan, where, he said, serious interethnic problems are brewing. Ann Sheehy, RFE/RL, Inc. CIS KAZAKHSTAN WANTS COMPENSATION FOR WEAPONRY. AFP, quoting Izvestiya, reported on 22 January that Kazakhstan wants one billion US dollars in compensation for its nuclear weapons. The strategic missile warheads, which Kazakhstan inherited with the collapse of the USSR, are to be dismantled and the uranium from them sold by Russia to a US firm. The demand for compensation was aired by Kazakhstan's President Nursultan Nazarbaev during a visit to Ukraine. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. KOZYREV IN BISHKEK. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev arrived for a working visit in Kyrgyzstan on 25 January, a stop on his way to China. Kozyrev, delivering a message from Boris Yeltsin to Kyrgyz President Askar Akayev, said that Russia was ready to provide assistance for continuing Kyrgyzstan's reforms. Kozyrev's visit will see discussions on bilateral relations, on regional issues, and on ways of developing the Commonwealth of Independent States, ITAR-TASS reported. Suzanne Crow, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA AZERBAIJAN SEEKS TO RECRUIT BRITISH MERCENARIES. The Azerbaijani authorities are negotiating with a group of British and Turkish businessmen in an arms-and -mercenaries-for-oil deal which reportedly has the tacit support of the British government, The Independent reported on 24 January. Also on 24 January, Armenian sources in Stepanakert confirmed earlier reports that Azerbaijani troops have made strategic gains in Kelbadzhar raion, which lies between Nagorno-Karabakh and the Armenian-Azerbaijani frontier, according to AFP. Meanwhile, the Iranian Red Crescent Society has accused Azerbaijan of failing to honor an agreement to set up ten new refugee camps in southern Azerbaijan for the tens of thousands of refugees displaced in last autumn's Armenian offensive, AFP reported from Tehran quoting IRNA. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE FRANCE POSES CHALLENGES OVER BOSNIA. Major American dailies and other international media report on 25 January that France is urging new Bosnian policies on both the UN and the US. The early departure of French Lt. Gen. Jean Cot as UN commander in the former Yugoslavia and his replacement by British Lt. Gen. Michael Rose served as the occasion for the French officer to urge rapid airstrikes against those hindering UNPROFOR's work. The main issue at stake is one of providing UNPROFOR the necessary muscle to carry out its mandate. For his part, UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali told the 24 January International Herald Tribune that the world body cannot do more than sponsor talks, provide aid, and seek military containment, since the member states lack the political will to do more. Toward the US and the other NATO allies, paradoxically, France seems to have shifted its position from one of urging tough airstrikes against the Serbs to one of essentially underwriting Serb conquests by calling for imposing a peace settlement in Bosnia. Reuters quotes US President Bill Clinton as saying, in contrast, that "I don't think that the international community has the capacity to stop people within that nation from their civil war until they decide to do it . . . They're going to have to make up their own mind to quit killing each other." Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. MORE FLAK IN CROATIA OVER POLICIES TOWARD BOSNIA AND SERBIA. Public debate continues in Croatia following the Muslim rejection of President Franjo Tudjman's 10 January comprehensive package and the announcement of two Serb-Croat joint declarations on 19 January. The 18 January Neue Zuercher Zeitung and Wall Street Journal sum up the discussion about Bosnian policy, while the Stuttgarter Zeitung of 24 January wraps up the debate on the Tudjman-Milosevic deal. Borba and Politika of 25 January explore the exchange between Croatian Upper House Speaker Josip Manolic and Herzegovinian Croat leader Mate Boban, in which Manolic recalled that Tudjman already 20 years ago favored massive transfers of Croats from central Bosnia to Croatia, a policy that Boban has supposedly embraced. Tudjman and Boban are frequently accused of being sympathetic to or part of a Herzegovinian lobby that is insensitive to the concerns of Bosnian Croats, who make up 60% of the Croatian population of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Manolic calls the abandonment of the Bosnian Croats and the support for the Herzegovinians, who are less inclined to get on with the Muslims, a "strategic mistake." Vecernji list and Vjesnik, meanwhile, run articles defending Zagreb's policies, arguing that Tudjman did all he could to compromise with the Muslims. Slobodna Dalmacija, however, reports on the concerns of the 200,000 refugees from Croatia's Serb-held territories in the wake of the Tudjman-Milosevic pact, which is not clear on the status of those areas. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. SLOVENIA CHARGES AID CONVOYS A "DEPOSIT," AND SERBIA LAUNCHES THE "SUPER DINAR." Reuters on 24 January quoted the Salzburg-based organization Trade for Aid as saying that Slovenia is demanding large cash deposits on aid shipments transiting its territory as insurance that the goods will not land on the Slovenian black market. Meanwhile in Belgrade, the rump Yugoslav government sought to halt runaway inflation and encourage people to part with their hard currency by introducing a new dinar pegged at one-to-one to the German mark, long the real currency throughout the former Yugoslavia. Hyperinflation has been spurred by neo-Stalinist economic policies, non-stop printing of bank notes to finance the war, and by international sanctions as a result of that aggression. Borba reports on 25 January that the population group that is supposed to be the first to receive the new currency, namely pensioners, nonetheless went empty-handed in Kosovo and in Novi Sad, where the new money generally was not taken seriously, anyway. The Belgrade daily concluded that "theory and practice, plans and reality are once again obviously out of sync. It doesn't take much wisdom to realize who loses in the deal." The New York Times, finally, quotes one Belgrade businessman as summing up his attitude toward the "super dinar" as: "hah, hah . . . ho, ho, ho." Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. POLISH PEASANT PARTY COURTS CHURCH. The courtship between the Polish Peasant Party (PSL) and the Catholic Church was evident at celebrations held to mark the 100th anniversary of the Polish peasant movement and the birth of legendary peasant leader Wincenty Witos. With right-wing forces absent from the Sejm, the PSL is attempting to shed its "postcommunist" image and assume a Christian-democratic profile, while the Church is seeking allies to represent its interests in a generally anticlerical parliament. PAP reports that Cardinal Jozef Glemp presided at a mass in honor of the peasant movement on 22 January; PSL leader Jozef Zych argued that the peasant parties are bearers of the Church's social teachings; and the PSL's slogan for the day was "the peasant movement: guardian of national and Christian values." Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak pledged that the government will do all it can to ensure the ratification of Poland's concordat with the Vatican. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. POLISH COALITION DIVIDED OVER CONCORDAT. While the PSL generally supports ratification, the Democratic Left Alliance (SLD), the other partner in the ruling coalition, criticized the concordat during the election campaign to profit from a wave of anticlerical sentiment. This criticism generally ignored the specific terms of the accord, which the parliament can only approve or reject but not modify. SLD activists have argued that the concordat, signed on 28 July by the ousted government of Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka, is suspect because its provisions would require the revision of existing laws and it was signed after the old parliament was dissolved. SLD leader Aleksander Kwasniewski told reporters on 21 January that his party "does not want a war with the Church" but will not vote for the concordat in its current form. Suchocka held a press conference at Polish episcopate headquarters on 24 January to defend the concordat. Episcopate secretary Bishop Tadeusz Pieronek also spoke. Calling the concordat "proof of political realism," Suchocka argued that the accord affirms the "independence and autonomy" of both Church and state and will defuse rather than ignite conflicts. Suchocka's own party, the Democratic Union, remains divided on the issue, however. PAP reports that 144 leftist Sejm deputies have asked the ombudsman to rule on the accord's implications for civil rights. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. KOLODZIEJCZYK IN PRAGUE. Polish Defense Minister Piotr Kolodziejczyk arrived in Prague for an official visit, Czech media reported on 24 January. In talks with his Czech counterpart Antonin Baudys, the two ministers said that a new cooperation agreement with provisions featuring elements of NATO's Partnership for Peace proposal will be issued to replace earlier agreements. At a press conference following their meeting, Kolodziejczyk also announced that the Polish and Czech armies will carry out 54 different "joint actions" this year. According to press reports, the two ministries intend to hold joint exercises and cooperate in the production of military hardware. In an other development, Western agency reports quoted Czech Chief of the General Staff, General Jiri Nekvasil as saying that small units of Czech and Dutch troops will hold joint exercises on Czech territory in March. Similar maneuvers involving French and Czech troops are planned for May and June on French and Czech territory. The announcement was reportedly made after the visit of NATO Commander for Central Europe, General Henning von Ondarza. Jan Obrman, RFE/RL, Inc. WALESA, KOVAC ON SLOVAK-POLISH RELATIONS. Before his 3-day official visit to Poland, which is to start on 25 January, Slovak President Michal Kovac told Polish Television that "his visit will be of historical importance," because Slovakia, as a new independent state, has not had time to develop fully relations with other states. Kovac also said that regional cooperation needs new impulses but warned against the institutionalization of such cooperation. He also welcomed NATO's Partnership for Peace initiative, expressing hope that all four Visegrad countries (Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic) will cooperate in the area of security. In an interview with Bratislava's Narodna Obroda on 24 January, Polish President Lech Walesa criticized "the lack of solidarity and cooperation among Central European nations" prior to the NATO's recent summit in Brussels. But he said that he and Kovac understand each other "very well" when it comes to regional solidarity. Urging more regional cooperation, Walesa said that "certain organizational steps should be taken already now." Speaking to another Slovak daily, Sme, Walesa said that he "is trying to do all that is possible to ensure that there are no borders between us in the year 2,000." Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. POLICE RAID HUNGARIAN NEO-NAZI HEADQUARTERS. According to the 23 January edition of the Hungarian newspaper Vasarnapi Hirek, on 21 January police raided the Budapest headquarters of the World National Party for the People's Rule, following a probe of the State Security Office into the party's alleged anti-Semitic activities. Police confiscated propaganda materials and questioned several members of the party, which reportedly was registered with the authorities last October. According to the 22 January issue of Nepszabadsag, the party is also fervently anti-American and was planning to demonstrate against NATO in front of the US Embassy in Budapest later this month. Judith Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIAN REFORM MINISTER CONCERNED ABOUT COALITION PLAN. Mircea Cosea, the Minister of State heading the government's Council for Economic Coordination, Strategy and Reform, said he was concerned that the pending coalition with the Party of Romanian National Unity will block foreign aid. Cosea told a Reuters correspondent in Bucharest on 24 January that he would rather see the ruling Party of Social Democracy in Romania form a coalition with the opposition Democratic Convention of Romania. He also said it would be a good thing if the PRNU would revise its nationalistic positions. Cosea recently joined the PSDR, saying this was the only way to have enough political influence to make economic reforms work. In a related development, Corneliu Coposu, the leader of the opposition National Peasant Party Christian Democratic, told a press conference carried by Radio Bucharest on 24 January that the envisaged PSDR-PRNU coalition was not likely to last more than three months. Coposu said the coalition will solve none of the country's urgent problems; furthermore, the PRNU is viewed in the West as being even more extremist than the Greater Romania Party, he added. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. ROMANIANS MINERS ON STRIKE. A strike by Romanian miners in the Jiu valley town of Rovinari that began over the weekend has spread to other parts of the country, an RFE/RL correspondent reported on 24 January. Ion Vasile, a leader of the Rovinari miners' labor union, told RFE/RL that 39,000 miners out of the 75,000 who work in the region had already laid down their tools and that some 22,000 miners in other regions took part in a warning strike on 24 January. The strike is aimed at forcing the state electricity company to repay more than 100,00 million lei (about $70 million) it owes to the mining company, which needs the money to pay overdue wages. Radio Bucharest said the administrative council of the mines has asked the Supreme Court of Justice to rule on the legality of the strike. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. GREEK PARLIAMENT SUPPORTS RELENTLESS ATTITUDE TOWARD MACEDONIA. A majority of the Greek parliament on 24 January supported the view that Athens must continue to exert pressure on the Republic of Macedonia in order to safeguard vital national interests, Western agencies report. Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou demanded that before negotiations on a normalization of bilateral relations can begin, Macedonia must remove what Greece regards as a traditional Hellenic symbol from its flag, amend its constitution to make it unequivocally clear to Athens that no territorial designs are included, plus end "hostile propaganda" directed against the neighboring country. Both Papandreou and Antonis Samaras, leader of the Political Spring party, reiterated that Greece will never recognize a state called "Macedonia." Miltiades Evert, chairman of the conservative New Democracy party, while echoing that demand, warned that if the new state were to collapse Greece could be facing a Greater Albania and a Greater Bulgaria on its northern border. Evert said Macedonia is not only crucial to stability in southern Balkans but may due to its geostrategic position one day hold the key to Greece's relations with Western Europe. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc. UKRAINIAN PARLIAMENT TO DEBATE NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT DEAL. The Ukrainian parliament, which reconvened on 25 January, is due to debate, among other pressing issues, those connected with nuclear disarmament, Ukrainian and Western media report. Parliamentary commissions have been studying the trilateral nuclear agreement which President Kravchuk signed in Moscow on 14 January and are to report back to parliament about whether this deal honors the conditions which the Ukrainian parliament set in November for the ratification of START-1. Deputies remain divided on the agreement and on 24 January the heads of three commissions which have examined the agreement expressed their criticism of it to journalists. That same day, President Kravchuk formally requested parliament for Ukraine to join the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Economic policy and a referendum to clarify the nature of Ukraine's evolving political system are also on the agenda. Bohdan Nahaylo, RFE/RL, Inc. BELARUSIAN INTERIOR MINISTER RESIGNS. On 24 January Belinform-TASS reported that the Minister of Interior of Belarus, Uladzimir Yahorau, resigned. The resignation was prompted by his part in the "Lithuanian case" which has been the subject of parliamentary debate since last week. Yahorau admitted that he had acted improperly in arresting and handing two Lithuanians over to authorities in Vilnius. He had not received written consent from the prosecutor general's office for the arrest and extradition, only authorization in a telephone conversation. The affair has led deputies to call for the resignations of the KGB minister, Eduard Shyrkouski, and Prosecutor General, Vasil Shaladonau, as well, and almost led to the holding of a confidence vote in the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet, Stanislau Shushkevich. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. LITHUANIAN PREMIER IN SWEDEN. Adolfas Slezevicius traveled to the Swedish town of Karlskrona on 22 January to attend the "Forum-Lithuania-94" conference on 23-24 January sponsored by the Sweden-Lithuania Union and the Baltic Institute. The 400 participants in the conference discussed Lithuania's problems in agriculture, industry, trade, communications, education as well as possible foreign cooperation to help resolve them. On 23 January Slezevicius also held talks with Swedish Foreign Minister Margaretha af Ugglas. On 24 January he traveled to Stockholm where he had an hour and a half long meeting with his counterpart Carl Bildt on the NATO Partnership for Peace program, security questions in the Baltic region, and possibilities for boosting economic cooperation between the two countries, Radio Lithuania reported on 25 January. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. CRIME IN THE BALTIC STATES. In 1993 60,378 crimes were reported in Lithuania, BNS reported on 19 January. According to data from the Lithuanian prosecuting office, this is an increase of 6.7% over the 56,615 crimes reported in 1992. The number of crimes in Latvia (52,835) and Estonia (37,163) decreased by 15% and 10%, but their crime rates per 10,000 population of 184.8 and 243.7 respectively were higher than the 160.9 rate in Lithuania. Lithuanian officials say 36.8% of the crimes were solved, while similar rates for Latvia and Estonia were 25.7% and 23.2%. The reported crimes in Lithuania include thefts of private property (28,824), of state property (14,451), murders (415), serious assaults (344), and rapes (196). Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Roman Solchanyk and Kjell Engelbrekt The RFE/RL Daily Report is produced by the RFE/RL Research Institute (a division of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail by subscribing to RFERL-L at LISTSERV@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU, on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. Requests for permission to reprint or retransmit this material should be addressed to PD@RFERL.ORG. Such requests will generally be granted on the condition that the material is clearly attributed to the RFE/RL Daily Report. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: In North America: Mr. Brian Reed RFE/RL, Inc. 1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907 Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783 Internet: RI-DC@RFERL.ORG Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer Publications Department RFE/RL Research Institute Oettingenstrasse 67 80538 Munich Germany Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624 Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648 Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG Copyright 1994, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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