|Золото и серебро - на взгляд поэта, железо и хлеб - на взгляд философа - вот что цивилизовало людей и погубило человеческий род. - Ж.-Ж. Руссо|
No. 240, 16 December 1993
RUSSIA RUSSIA'S CHOICE RECOUPS IN SINGLE-MEMBER DISTRICTS. As the tallies of candidates elected from single-member districts came in on 15 December, it appeared that the Russia's Choice bloc would form the largest single bloc in the new parliament, Interfax of 15-December and The New York Times of 16 December reported. The leaders in Interfax's projections of combined party list and district candidates for the State Duma were: Russia's Choice-94; Liberal Democratic Party-78; Communist Party-64; Agrarian Party-55; YABLOKO-28; Independent Deputies-27; and Russia's Women-24. Interfax did not say how many votes or districts remained to be counted, or cite a source for the new figures. -Keith Bush RUSSIAN REFORMERS REITERATE CALL FOR ANTI-FASCIST COALITION. Russia's main reform bloc, Russia's Choice, issued a statement on 15 December, reiterating its call for a coalition of "all anti-fascist forces" to block the rise of ultra-nationalists led by Vladimir Zhirinovsky. The statement said responsibility for the strong showing by Zhirinovsky's party lay with all reformist parties which failed to unite, ITAR-TASS and Russian TV reported. The same day, Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev called on communists to help in an anti-fascist alliance. -Vera Tolz SHAKHRAI ON FASCIST THREAT. Deputy Prime Minister and a leader of the reformist Russian Party for Unity and Concord, Sergei Shakhrai, told a press conference in Moscow on 15 December that fascism in Russia was a threat, but it was not yet on the march. An RFE/RL correspondent in Moscow quoted Shakhrai as saying that Zhirinovsky's party was very close to the threshold at which national socialism begins. He rejected any cooperation with Zhirinovsky in the new parliament, but at the same time urged respect for those citizens who trusted Zhirinovsky's promises. Shakhrai said Zhirinovsky's party would have a very strong parliamentary faction that could bloc democratic initiatives. He also expressed concern that Zhirinovsky would use the parliament as a stage to publicize his ideas and attack the government and the president. -Vera Tolz HOW DID THE RUSSIAN MILITARY VOTE? WHILE MOST WESTERN REPORTERS HAVE ASSERTED THAT ZHIRINOVSKY'S LIBERAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY (LDP) FOUND WIDESPREAD SUPPORT AMONGST RUSSIAN MILITARY OFFICERS, THE DATA RELEASED SO FAR APPEARS CONTRADICTORY. Radio Mayak reported on 15 December, citing a defense ministry source, that 95% of servicemen voted, and that 74% of those voting supported the proposed constitution. Western news agencies reported that the Taman Guards division stationed near Moscow voted heavily for the LDP, as did the Pacific Fleet and Russian troops in Tajikistan. However, on 15 December Moskovskii Komsomolets reported that the Taman division's troops had voted in six separate areas, making a complete tally impossible. Furthermore, it noted that in other areas for which data has been released, notably the Tver and Vladimir military hospitals the Liberal Democrats received only 15% and 8% of the vote, respectively. In the Black Sea Fleet, where some 12,000 Russian servicemen voted, the LDP received only 19% of the vote, while Russia's Choice received 11%, according to a Lvov newspaper. Until final results are tallied, the extent of the military's swing behind the LDP will remain unclear. -John Lepingwell GORE-YELTSIN MEETING. US Vice President Al Gore met with Russian President Boris Yeltsin on 15 December in Moscow to discuss preparations for the January summit meeting between Yeltsin and US President Bill Clinton. Gore delivered a letter of support from Clinton to Yeltsin and expressed confidence that the latter would be successful in forming a coalition "to perform effectively." During his visit Gore also held a series of meetings with Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin on trade between the United States and Russia, Western and Russian agencies reported. -Suzanne Crow GORE SAYS YELTSIN PROMISED TO RESIST ZHIRINOVSKY PRESSURE. Al Gore said Yeltsin assured him during their talks in Moscow on 15-December that he would resist any pressure from Zhirinovsky to expand the borders of the Russian Federation, Western agencies reported. Gore said Yeltsin expressed great confidence in his ability to stay on a reform course. The US Vice President quoted the Russian president as saying the new Russian constitution, which gives most of the decision-making powers to the president, would stand against any fascist or communist. -Vera Tolz ZHIRINOVSKY, KASHPIROVSKY ALLEGED TO HAVE HYPNOTIZED VOTERS. In a statement for the press released on 15 December, Konstantin Borovoi, the leader of the "Economic Freedom" Party, alleged that Zhirinovsky and Anatolii Kashpirovsky (a faith healer) used hypnotism in their TV addresses before the election, Interfax reported. Borovoi claimed that Kashpirovsky had offered some two years ago to teach him the use of "key words" in political statements or on TV to persuade more than 40% of the listeners/viewers to obey him. Borovoi reported that he had declined Kashpirovsky's offer. -Keith Bush KOHL ON ZHIRINOVSKY, EUROPEAN UNITY. German Chancellor Helmut Kohl said during a visit to the eastern German town of Soemmerda on 15 December that the ultra-nationalist win in Russia causes concern. Ideas that "we thought had long ago disappeared in the garbage heap of history" are being espoused again, Kohl said. He added, "some people are now finally going to have to come to terms with the fact that European unity is not simply an economic matter," Reuters reported. -Suzanne Crow KOZYREV ON FOREIGN POLICY FORMULATION. In an interview broadcast by Ostankino Television on 15-December, Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev said that the country's foreign policy would not change radically as a result of the right-wing showing in the elections. "Our foreign policy is being made by the president; it has been, it is now, and always will be . . . Its fundamental policy will remain the same because it is being made by the president." He added that the foreign policy of Russia would, in accordance with the constitution, "take account of the spectrum of views voiced in the Duma on the part of all sorts of parties and individual deputies." -Suzanne Crow RUSSIAN WOMEN'S PARTY COMMENTS ON RESULTS. The leader of the "Women of Russia" party, currently in fifth place in the election race, was quoted by Reuters on 15-December as saying her party would not side with any of the three largest blocks (the Liberal Democrats, Russia's Choice or the Communists) in the new Russian parliament. She said her party supports the government's reforms but that they are causing too much suffering, and that her party therefore agrees with the Communists' stress on the need for a bigger state role in social protection. Her remarks lend weight to predictions that the Communists may emerge as holding the balance of power in the new parliament. -Elizabeth Teague STANKEVICH REMOVED. A presidential decree of 15-December freed Sergei Stankevich from his duties as presidential adviser, ITAR-TASS reported. A spokesman for the president said that Stankevich was removed in connection with the elections and as part of a broad review of the president's entourage. However, Stankevich's spokesman later said that the adviser resigned of his own will after deciding, as an honest politician, that he had to step down. -Keith Bush OSTANKINO CHIEF DISMISSED. The chairman of Ostankino television, Vyacheslav Bragin, has been removed from his post, a political appointment, ITAR-TASS reported on 16-December. The agency said Yeltsin's spokesman, Vyacheslav Kostikov, informed Bragin of his dismissal. On 15 December, Russian television's "Vesti" carried a request to Yeltsin from the Council of Directors of Ostankino to dismiss Bragin, citing his alleged incompetence. In the aftermath of the elections, Bragin had also been criticized by both journalists and members of the government for allowing Zhirinovsky to appear so often on his station. -Vera Tolz and Julia Wishnevsky KOTENKOV ALSO SACKED. ITAR-TASS reported at mid-day on 16 December that the head of Yeltsin's State and Legal Administration, Aleksandr Kotenkov, has been dismissed. The reason for his dismissal remains unclear, but is apparently linked to the dismal election results. Kotenkov supported Sergei Shakhrai and the Party of Russian Unity and Accord in the elections. -John Lepingwell YELTSIN BLASTS UKRAINE OVER NUCLEAR WEAPONS. The ongoing dispute over Ukraine's conditional ratification of the START-1 treaty reached a new level on 15 December, when President Yeltsin accused Ukraine of cheating and deception in its dealings over nuclear weapons, Interfax reported. The criticism is apparently Yeltsin's first public reaction to the Ukrainian parliament's decision. Ukrainian officials were quick to reject his comments, and during a press conference carried by Ukrainian TV, President Kravchuk noted that he felt that the question of compensation for the warheads should be separated from the issue of non-nuclear status. He implied that a second attempt at ratification might produce both a ratification document and a separate resolution containing conditions. -John Lepingwell HEAD OF BLACK SEA FLEET PRESS SERVICE KILLED. The head of the press service of the Black Sea Fleet, Capt. Andrei Lazebnikov, was gunned down in Sevastopol on 15-December, Unian reported. Both civil and military authorities are investigating the killing. The possibility of the murder being politically motivated cannot be excluded. Ustina Markus FIRST JURY TRIAL IN 75 YEARS. The jury trial of two men accused of a triple murder opened in Saratov on 15 December, Interfax and the Cox Newspapers reported. It was said to be the first such trial in Russia since 1917 and was authorized under the jury law of 1-November which provided for a pilot program of jury trials in five regions of European Russia. -Keith Bush PAVELETSKY STATION CLINIC CLOSED. The only walk-in medical clinic for the homeless in Moscow, in the Paveletsky railway station, was closed by the station authorities on 15-December, the Washington Post of 16-December reported. Ten days earlier the mayor's office had told the Medicins Sans Frontieres group that ran the clinic that it would be allowed to operate until May 1994, by which date the city hoped to open its own rehabilitation centers for the homeless. -Keith Bush TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA TAJIKISTAN UPDATE. The head of Russia's border troops, Colonel-General Andrei Nikolaev, was quoted by ITAR-TASS on 15 December as saying after a brief visit to Tajikistan that CIS forces on the Tajik-Afghan border may need strengthening because of the danger of massive attacks in the spring by Tajikistan oppositionists based in northern Afghanistan. Nikolaev also discussed extending the agreement under which CIS forces have provided military assistance to Tajikistan's government; the original agreement was to have expired in December. The same source also reported on a visit to Dushanbe of representatives of the US State Department and National Security Council who were, according to ITAR-TASS, studying the legal status of CIS peacekeeping forces in the country. Russia and Tajikistan have tried to get the CIS forces recognized as an UN peacekeeping mission. -Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE SERBS CONTINUE "CULTURAL CLEANSING" OF MUSLIM SITES. Reuters reports on 16-December that UN High Commissioner for Refugees spokesman Peter Kessler said that four of his local staff were "manhandled and detained by Serb police" in Banja Luka in western Bosnia. The four were trying to inspect sites where mosques had stood but had been dynamited by Serbs in the course of 1993, including some recently. Serb officials claim that the destruction is the work of "extremists," but mosques and Ottoman cultural monuments have been favorite targets of Serbian gunners throughout the war. Serbian intellectuals have even developed a theory of Bosnia as "historic Serbian space," from which all alien elements must be removed. Two of Banja Luka's mosques, including the Ferhadija, were UNESCO-recognized international cultural properties. Banja Luka became a major Muslim urban center in the second half of the sixteenth century. -Patrick Moore DEPOS RALLY IN BELGRADE. On 15 December a rally organized by the coalition Democratic Opposition of Serbia (DEPOS) attracted an estimated 30,000-50,000 people in Belgrade. The rally, DEPOS's last major campaign initiative prior to the parliamentary elections of 19-December, was broadcast live by Belgrade's independent Studio B TV. The highlight came when DEPOS leader, Vuk Draskovic, addressed the crowd and condemned the policies of Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic and his Socialist Party of Serbia. Draskovic alleged that Milosevic was guilty of selling out Serbian national interests and promised to provide Serbia with sound policies if DEPOS were to be in a position to govern. Reuters quotes Draskovic as saying that a DEPOS government would "stop the war [in former Yugoslavia], abolish sanctions, reconcile Serbia with the world." -Stan Markotich ATHENS SLAMS EC PARTNERS ON BALKAN POLICY. On 15 December Greece sharply attacked Germany, France, Britain, the Netherlands, and Denmark, saying that all five countries had informed Athens they plan to recognize the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia within the next few days. Western agencies quoted government spokesman Evangelos Venizelos as saying that recognition of Macedonia would "harm community solidarity and the principles which govern the joint foreign and security policy." Hinting that Athens might react by imposing a blockade against its landlocked neighbor, Venizelos reiterated his government's position that the word "Macedonia" implies territorial designs on Greece and must therefore not be accepted by the international community. Regarding the Greek demand that Skopje erases the Star of Vergina-an ancient Hellenic symbol-from its flag, the Athens News Agency said that the Macedonian Foreign Minister, Stevo Crvenkovski, in a conversation with UN mediator Cyrus Vance has agreed to accommodate Athens. Skopje has not yet reacted to the report. France, Britain and Denmark have confirmed that they intend to extend recognition to Macedonia before 1 January 1994, when Greece takes over the rotating EC presidency. -Kjell Engelbrekt GRANIC IN BULGARIA. On 15 December Croatia's foreign minister, Mate Granic, ended an official two day visit to Sofia. Granic expressed hope at a press conference that Greece could pressure Serbia into recognizing Croatia with all its territorial boundaries intact, Reuters reports. BTA reported on 15 December that Granic remarked that he hoped Greece could predispose Serbia to "accept international standards of conduct" and that all outstanding differences between Zagreb and Belgrade could be "resolved in accordance with these standards." During his stay in Sofia Granic held talks with high ranking government officials, including President Zhelyu Zhelev, Prime Minister Lyuben Berov and Foreign Minister Stanislav Daskalov. The talks focused on the ongoing war in Bosnia and Hercegovina, the impact that sanctions against rump Yugoslavia were having on regional economies, and economic and political issues common to both Sofia and Zagreb. -Stan Markotich ARAB AMBASSADORS LAUNCH PROTEST IN BULGARIA. According to BTA on 14-December, ambassadors from 10 Arab countries have approached Bulgarian Foreign Minister Stanislav Daskalov to express their concern over the treatment of their nationals following police action in a case involving drug trafficking. According to Reuters, on 6-December two Iranian suspects killed one police officer and wounded two others during a police drug raid. In a subsequent manhunt, two Iranian suspects were killed by police. The police killings have stirred controversy, with some Bulgarian media sources condemning the police actions and others wholeheartedly supporting them and stirring anti-Arab sentiments. Daskalov has informed Arab ambassadors worried about the safety of their citizens residing in Bulgaria that the government would respond to their concerns but stressed that Sofia cannot censor media coverage. RFE/RL's Bulgarian service reported on 15 December that the Bulgarian interior ministry has pledged to take measures to ensure the safety of Arabs in Bulgaria. Ministry sources confirm that individuals and businesses in Sofia have received threatening and harassing correspondence from an anti-Arab organization calling itself "Free Bulgaria." -Stan Markotich SLOVAK PRESIDENT WANTS MECIAR TO RESIGN. On 15 December Michal Kovac told Reuters that Premier Vladimir Meciar's resignation would be "the only way" to stabilize the political scene. Meciar's the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia and its coalition partner, the Slovak National Party, together have only 80 seats in the 150 member parliament, and both parties seem set for a split. Kovac said Slovakia needs a government with the support of "at least 90 deputies" representing "four to five political parties." If Meciar were to resign, Kovac promised to reappoint him as premier if he could find willing coalition partners. Otherwise, Kovac said, he would look for someone else to set up a new government. According to Kovac, "anybody who is able to form a stable coalition government is acceptable." -Sharon Fisher HUNGARIAN PRESIDENT CONSULTS WITH PARTY REPRESENTATIVES. On 14 and 15-December Hungarian President Arpad Goncz consulted with the leaders of various parliamentary parties to determine their views on the election of the Hungarian Democratic Forum's nominee Peter Boross as Hungary's next prime minister, MTI reports. Conversations with opposition leaders revealed that most opposition parties would vote against any HDF candidate, and that opposition votes would not be directed against Boross personally. The votes of the Party of Hungarian Justice and Life co-chaired by Istvan Csurka, which has 12-parliamentary seats, are likely to be crucial for Boross's election. Csurka stated that his party would vote for Boross only if Boross agrees to replace Geza Jeszenszky as Foreign Minister and Tamas Szabo as Privatization Minister. Csurka also rejected parliamentary caucus leader Imre Konya as Boross's possible replacement as Minister of the Interior. Goncz told reporters that he hopes to present Boross as the Prime Minister candidate to parliament next Tuesday. If parliament fails to elect a premier within 40 days after Antall's death, new elections must be called. -Judith Pataki SLOVAKIA'S ETHNIC HUNGARIANS PROTEST. On 15 December the ethnic Hungarian Coexistence Movement sent a proclamation to TASR to protest statements by Slovak officials that the assembly of ethnic Hungarians to be held on 8 January in Komarno to discuss regional self-rule is unconstitutional. The group's statement says that the government's harsh reaction "is designed to divert the public's attention from the economic and political crisis in Slovakia, from the questionable proposed 1994 budget, and from the instability of the ruling coalition." In a 15 December meeting, President Michal Kovac told Coexistence Chairman Arpad Duka Zolyomi that the Komarno initiative "results in a tense atmosphere and is not a way to overcome points of disagreement." In a public address, Kovac told ethnic Hungarians to differentiate the demands of their political representatives which correspond with the population's interests from those which correspond with the "interests of certain political circles." He called the initiative "a very dangerous game" which "does not solve any problems of the Hungarian national minority." -Sharon Fisher CONFLICT BREWING BETWEEN WALESA AND GOVERNMENT. President Lech Walesa told a group of journalists on 15 December that he objects to the designation of deputy ministers from the two government parties to the three "presidential" ministries: defense, internal affairs, and foreign affairs. "These are apolitical ministries," Walesa said. The ruling Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) and Polish Peasant Party (PSL) had indicated earlier in the week that they planned to meet with Walesa to discuss candidates for the deputy posts. During the formation of the government, the president was widely believed to have conceded these posts to the coalition in return for his own right to chose the three ministers. SLD leader Aleksander Kwasniewski responded to Walesa's statement by saying that "this is not the president's government, but that of the PSL-SLD." The constitution requires the government to consult with the president on the three ministers, he conceded, but not on the "deputy ministers, department directors, secretaries, and janitors." Kwasniewski theorized that "the president is already a little bored with stability and is trying to pick new arguments." -Louisa Vinton MORE CONTROVERSY OVER SLOVAK BUDGET. On 14 December the government's budget proposal was rejected by the parliament's constitutional committee as well as by the commissions for education, science and culture, TASR reports. Each parliamentary opposition party has expressed criticism of the budget proposal, while several deputies of the Slovak National Party, a member of the two-party coalition government, are also reportedly against it. TASR reports that the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia and the SNP are now discussing the proposal again. -Sharon Fisher OLECHOWSKI: YES TO NATO, NO TO YALTA. Polish Foreign Minister Andrzej Olechowski warned on 15-December that Poland and the rest of the Visegrad group could refuse to take part in the "partnership for peace" program if their path to eventual NATO membership were not clearly mapped out. Olechowski stressed that he was speaking for all four Visegrad countries, Gazeta Wyborcza reports. "We will say 'no' if we come to the conclusion that this program is just a second Yalta or that it closes the door to NATO membership," he told reporters on the second day of his official visit to Washington. Olechowski said that in his talks with US officials the Polish stance had met with understanding but that this did not mean it had been understood, Polish TV reports. -Louisa Vinton BALTIC PRESIDENTS' STATEMENTS. On 15 December after a two hour meeting in Tallinn Estonian, Latvian, and Lithuanian Presidents Lennart Meri, Guntis Ulmanis, and Algirdas Brazauskas issued three joint statements, Western agencies report. One called on democrats to "consolidate the democratic gains of the past few years on the European continent and democratic values in Europe," Calling NATO "the main long-term guarantor of our security," the presidents expressed the hope that the "partnership for peace" program to be discussed at the NATO summit in Brussels on 10-11-January 1994 would not be an "empty bottle" but have an adequate content. Another statement called on the Nordic Council countries to support the Baltic initiative to have regular joint meetings of Nordic and Baltic Foreign Ministers. The presidents also welcomed increased cooperation among the Baltic States to ensure the independence of Baltic energy needs. -Saulius Girnius BELARUS TO CONTINUE WITHDRAWING NUCLEAR WEAPONS TO RUSSIA. Despite the electoral success of the nationalist Vladimir Zhirinovsky's party, the Belarusian First Deputy State Secretary for National Security, Valyeri Pavlau, told Interfax on 15 December that the republic would continue withdrawing the nuclear weapons on its territory to Russia. According to Pavlau, President Boris Yeltsin and the Russian government are guarantors of security. He emphasized that he had full faith in the Russian Prime Minister, Viktor Chernomyrdin, so that even if the Liberal Democratic Party were to take full control of the Duma, the nuclear button would remain under government control. Opposition leader Zyanon Pazniak, however, told AFP that Belarus should follow Ukraine and stop the transfer of nuclear missiles to Russia because there is no stability there. -Ustina Markus MOLDOVA TO ADHERE TO CIS CHARTER? MOLDOVA INTENDS TO BECOME A FULL MEMBER OF THE CIS, INTERFAX REPORTED ON 10 DECEMBER CITING "RELIABLE SOURCES IN KISHINEV." The sources stated that the Moldovan leadership would ask the heads of CIS states to allow Moldova to adhere to the CIS charter after 22 January 1994, when the charter is due to come into force. Under the terms of the charter those CIS member states that have not ratified the charter by that date will cease to be members. Moldova argues that it will not be able to ratify the charter until its new parliament meets following the elections on 28 February. -Ann Sheehy THOUSANDS PROTEST AT RUSSIAN EMBASSY IN BUCHAREST. Thousands of Romanians protested on 15 December outside the Russian embassy in Bucharest over the death sentence of an ethnic Romanian by Russian-speaking separatists in the self-proclaimed Dniestr Republic. The march was staged by municipal authorities and was joined by Bucharest mayor Crin Halaicu and other local officials. In an appeal read on Radio Bucharest, Russia's ambassador to Romania denied any Russian involvement in the Tiraspol trial which ended on 9 December with Ilie Ilascu being sentenced to death and five other defendants receiving long terms in jail. Halaicu was quoted as saying that Bucharest population did not believe " a single word in the [ambassador's] appeal in view of the fact that the 14th Russian army is stationed on Bessarabia's territory and offers protection to the illegal Tiraspol court." -Dan Ionescu ROMANIA SIGNS PROTOCOL AGAINST DEATH PENALTY. Romania signed on 15-December the protocol no. 6 to the European Human Rights Convention on abolishing death penalty. Radio Bucharest said the document was handed over by Nicolae Micu, Romania's consul to Strasbourg. Death sentence was abolished in Romania in 1990. In 1993, however, some media and groups staged a campaign for restoring the death penalty to combat rising criminality. -Dan Ionescu OFFICIAL ON BELARUSIAN PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS. Valyeri Tsepkalo, an advisor to the Belarusian Chairman of the Supreme Soviet Stanislau Shushkevich, told Interfax on 14 December that the republic could find itself internationally isolated if the parliament did not stage early elections in the spring. Tsepkalo said that failure to hold early elections would dissuade foreign investors from ventures in Belarus and elicit protests from Western governments. The present parliament was elected in 1990 and has ignored proposals for a national referendum on confidence in it and the government. Deputies have compromised, however, and declared their intention to disband themselves before their term expired. This would lead to the holding of early elections, but Tsepkalo fears this may not happen because parliament could take too long debating the new law on elections. Not only that, but parliament can refuse to dissolve itself before its term runs out, and even extend its term under some pretext. Under the Soviet constitution still in force, no one has the authority to prevent it from doing so. For this reason, Tsepkalo thinks the presidential election should precede the parliamentary one. -Ustina Markus UKRAINIAN GOVERNMENT DENIES CURRENCY RUMORS. Officials from the Ukrainian National Bank and government denied rumors that Ukraine planned to introduce its full-fledged currency, the hryvna, this week to replace the interim currency, the hyperinflationary karbovanets, Reuters reported on 13 December. Deputy Prime Minister Vasyl Yevtukhov, said he had seen no documents supporting reports that the hryvna was about to be introduced. Such reports had circulated in the Russian and Ukrainian press last week, The karbovanets has plummeted in value to 32,000 on the black market. The Chairman of the National Bank, Viktor Yushchenko, said the bank and government planned to start setting the official exchange rate of the karbovanets this week through a "tender commission" headed by Deputy Prime Minister Valentyn Landyk. -Ustina Markus [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Vera Tolz and Edith Oltay THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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