|Be willing to have it so; acceptance of what has happened is the first step to overcoming the consequences of any misfortune. - William James|
No. 232, 06 December 1993
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc. CIS UKRAINE OFFERED SECURITY GUARANTEES, THREATENED WITH AID SLOWDOWN. Both US Secretary of State Warren Christopher and Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev say that Ukraine should be provided with security guarantees, Western news agencies reported over the weekend. Kozyrev is quoted as saying that there is "no problem" with Russia providing the guarantees if Ukraine unconditionally ratifies START-1. Christopher discussed nuclear arms with Ukrainian Foreign Minister Anatolii Zlenko on 3 December in Brussels after the meeting of the North Atlantic Cooperation Council and emphasized economic incentives, saying that the "totality of US-Ukrainian relations can be realized only if Ukraine meets its obligations. Christopher warned that economic aid from Washington would flow freely only if Kiev moves on the nuclear disarmament issue and economic reform. -Roman Solchanyk PLYUSHCH SAYS UKRAINE WILL NOT BACK DOWN. Ukrainian parliamentary speaker Ivan Plyushch says "there is no possibility" of the parliament returning to the START-1 ratification issue unless Ukraine is provided with international security guarantees and financial compensation, Reuters reported on 3 December. Plyushch also dismissed the possibility that Ukraine will be isolated because of its conditional ratification of START-1, suggesting that this had already taken place, and criticizing the US for empty promises of financial aid. -Roman Solchanyk RUSSIA BLACK SEA FLEET PILOTS PROTEST. After a long lull, servicemen in the Black Sea Fleet may again start to protest. Members of the fleet's air arm sent a letter of protest to Russian President Boris Yeltsin, pointing out that they were unable to participate in the Russian elections because no agreement has been reached on dual citizenship between Russia and Ukraine. They also noted that they receive approximately 20% of the pay of their Russian counterparts, and that their pay is below the subsistence level. Since the Massandra protocols were signed in September, but not implemented, the fleet appears to have been relatively quiet, despite its deteriorating condition. The letter's contents were reported by Interfax on 5-December. -John Lepingwell YELTSIN LEAVES FOR NORTH CAUCASUS. President Boris Yeltsin left Moscow for a two-day working visit to the North Caucasus on the morning of 6 December, ITAR-TASS reported. After flying in a helicopter over the area of North Ossetia and Ingushetia where the state of emergency is in force, Yeltsin will meet representatives of settlements in the disputed Prigorodnyi Raion of North Ossetia in the village of Chermen on the North Ossetian-Ingush border. He will then meet leaders of the two republics. ITAR-TASS cites observers as not excluding that fundamental decisions may be taken on the intractable problems of the return of Ingush refugees to Prigorodnyi Raion and the disarming of illegal armed formations in the area. On 7 December Yeltsin is scheduled to meet the leaders of the republics, krais, and oblasts of the North Caucasus in the Kabardino-Balkar capital, Nalchik. -Ann Sheehy. NEZAVISIMAYA GAZETA ON VISIT. Commenting on Yeltsin visiting the North Caucasus in the week before the elections to the Russian Federal Assembly, Nezavisimaya gazeta suggested on 5 December that his visit might have been prompted by justified fears that the draft constitution would meet "if not active non-acceptance then quiet sabotage" precisely in the republics of the North Caucasus. In a speech at a congress of the Confederation of the Peoples of the Caucasus in Groznyi on 4 September, the president of the confederation, Yuri Shanibov, described the draft constitution as "monarchic, imperial, and dictatorial," Interfax reported. Other speakers condemned Yeltsin for the way he crushed the parliamentary rebellion in Moscow in early October and for the restrictions on entry to Moscow for non-residents, which have particularly affected Caucasians. -Ann Sheehy MEETING OPPOSING CONSTITUTION. Some 1,500 delegates met in Moscow on 3 December to debate the draft of Russia's new constitution. Delegates came from moderate and hard-line opposition parties including the Civic Union, the Yavlinsky-Boldyrev-Lukin bloc, Russia's Choice, the Communist Party, and the Movement for Democratic Reforms. Interfax reported that virtually every speaker criticized the new constitution, particularly the complexity of the procedures for impeaching the president and amending the constitution, and the simplified procedure for dissolving the parliament. Valerii Zorkin, former Constitutional Court Chairman, said that the draft gave the president "not only executive, but legislative and judicial power." Oleg Rumyantsev, former executive secretary of the parliamentary constitutional commission, said that the document was being "used to give the cover of legitimacy to the president's seizure of power by force." -Wendy Slater DEMOCRATIC BLOCS REACH AGREEMENT. The four pro-democratic blocs, Russia's Choice, Party of Russian Unity and Concord, Russian Movement for Democratic Reform and the Yavlinsky-Boldyrev-Lukin bloc, have agreed to support a joint candidate in single-member electoral constituencies where one of the four bloc's candidates was clearly leading, the Financial Times reported on 4 December. However, a spokesman of the Yavlinsky-Boldyrev-Lukin bloc said that the agreement was only valid at regional level and no decision had been made concerning a coalition with the pro-government Russia's Choice on the national level. Communist leader Gennadii Zyuganov told ITAR-TASS on 3 December that his party was prepared for negotiations with Russia's choice on a more social-oriented economic policy. -Alexander Rahr WESTERN MONITORS REPORT ON MEDIA BIAS. The Russian-American Press and Information Center has released the first findings from its monitoring of the role of the media in the current election campaign. The report covers the first 12 days of the campaign and scrutinizes newspapers, 35 hours of radio broadcasting and 163-television programs aired between 9 and 21 November on the first, second, third and fifth channels of Russian television. The Center's found heavy media bias in favor of pro-government blocs, in particular Russia's Choice, against their liberal opponent, the bloc led by economist Grigorii Yavlinsky. The report notes that Ostankino TV gave 24 minutes of coverage to Russia's Choice leader Egor Gaidar, compared with six minutes given to Communist Party leader Gennadii Zyuganov and 10 seconds to Yavlinsky. The results of the study were reported by ITAR-TASS on 2 December and the Los Angeles Times on 4 December. -Julia Wishnevsky COAL MINERS COMMENCE STRIKE. After a last-minute session on 5 December with First Deputy Prime Minister Egor Gaidar that went on for over two hours, the Independent Mineworkers' Union of Russia announced that miners in Pechora, Chelyabinsk, Kuznetsk, and other coal regions would strike with effect from midnight on 5 December, Interfax reported. ITAR-TASS on the same day announced that Vorkuta miners had already stopped work. At issue were back pay, the scheduled closure of some mines, and other planned restructuring measures. Some reports suggested that the work stoppage would last for one day only, with further strike action threatened after the 12 December elections. -Keith Bush DEFENSE INDUSTRY ENTERPRISES TO BE PRIVATIZED. State Property Committee Chairman Anatolii Chubais announced on 4 December that President Yeltsin has approved the privatization of up to 80% of defense enterprises, Interfax reported, citing TV. (Until now, virtually no defense plants were available for privatization). Lists of enterprises cleared for privatization would be published during the following two weeks. The customary breakdown would be maintained: 51% of the shares would be offered on preferential terms to the employees of the plants concerned; 29% would be auctioned for privatization vouchers; and 20% of the shares would auctioned for cash. -Keith Bush KOZYREV AT NACC SESSION. Speaking at the 3 December meeting of NACC foreign ministers at NATO headquarters, Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev said that NACC should "assume a more active coordinating role in settling conflicts that arise on the basis of aggressive nationalism." He asked for NACC members to support Russia's leadership of peacekeeping operations in the former Soviet Union as well as to send observers and render "moral-political, diplomatic, and material support." Kozyrev pointed to Ukraine's possession of nuclear weapons as a challenge to European security and stability, and he said NACC could prove its effectiveness only if it shows it can react promptly to this kind of challenge, ITAR-TASS reported. -Suzanne Crow RDF TO PROTECT ETHNIC RUSSIANS? RUSSIAN DEPUTY FOREIGN MINISTER SERGEI KRYLOV SAID ON 3 DECEMBER AT A PRESS BRIEFING THAT THE IDEA OF CREATING A RAPID DEPLOYMENT FORCE TO PROTECT THE RIGHTS OF RUSSIAN-SPEAKING PEOPLE OUTSIDE THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE NEAR ABROAD IS "WORTH THINKING ABOUT." He said that such a mechanism would have to possess enough trained people and equipment to render real assistance in the event of an acute conflict. Dissatisfied with the term "rapid deployment force," Krylov implied that another name should used, ITAR-TASS reported. -Suzanne Crow FOURTH-QUARTER FEDERAL BUDGET APPROVED. On 4 December the government approved the federal budget for the fourth quarter of 1993, Interfax reported. The wording by the cabinet press secretary was opaque: "[The cabinet] confirmed marginally possible but urgently needed expenditures. . . ." and "This work was accompanied by non-standard approaches to link major articles on profits and expenditures." On 3-December ITAR-TASS reported that the draft budget package prepared by the Ministry of Finances provided for an additional 1.6 trillion rubles in expenditure for 1993 on social programs, subsidies, defense, and other items, but Interfax the same day stated that the new expenditures would be authorized only in early January 1994. -Keith Bush TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA KAZAKHSTAN'S LEGISLATURE IN CRISIS. Five days prior to the opening of the second segment of the current legislative session, 43 deputies to Kazakhstan's Supreme Soviet precipitated a crisis by resigning their mandates and calling on the rest of the deputies to follow their example, Russian agencies reported on 3-December. Those who resigned announced in the local media that in their view the soviets have become a brake on the transformation of society. Self-dissolution of the soviets began in Kazakhstan on the local and regional level, with the Almaty city soviet dissolving itself in November. The government would like the present Supreme Soviet to adopt a new law on elections that would create a permanent professional legislature, set a date for elections and then dissolve itself. RFE/RL has learned that some 200 deputies may be planning not to show up at the resumed session, possibly to discredit the parliament. -Bess Brown RUSSIA CONCERNED OVER NUKES IN KAZAKHSTAN. Russian Deputy Defense Minister Boris Gromov expressed his concern over Kazakhstan's policy on nuclear weapons in an interview with Krasnaya zvezda on 27 November. He noted that "Moscow considers that Alma Ata is all the more departing from its obligations . . . including those providing Russia with total jurisdiction over nuclear weapons." He also said that this could raise safety issues, as well as political ones, for some of the warheads have exceeded their guaranteed service life. Gromov says Kazakhstan is requiring both compensation and security guarantees in exchange for transferring the weapons, and while Russia is interested in discussing these issues, Kazakhstan has not responded. -John Lepingwell OPPOSITION PAPERS' REGISTRATION REVOKED IN TAJIKISTAN. Tajikistan's Ministry of Press and Information has formally revoked the registration of newspapers and journals that had been published by opposition democratic, nationalist and Islamic parties and movements that have been banned by the Supreme Court in 1993, ITAR-TASS reported on 5-December. In fact the publications of the Tajik opposition were closed down in December 1992 when the present conservative government came to power. Members of the Tajik opposition who have been living in exile in Moscow have tried to keep alive the nationalist-democratic publication Charogi ruz and smuggle it into Tajikistan, but their efforts have had limited success. -Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE FIGHTING FLARES IN BOSNIA. Western media report that fighting flared between Bosnian Muslims and Serbs just north of Sarajevo on 5 December. According to statements issued by the Bosnian Muslim government and reported on 6 December, at least 24 people were killed and 77 injured in heavy fighting that lasted over a 24-hour period. Meanwhile, the Bosnian Serb news agency said that Muslim forces have attacked Serbs near Doboj. In addition, Reuters quotes Croatian Television as alleging that Bosnian Muslim forces opposed to President Alija Izetbegovic's government have made significant gains against forces loyal to him. Accounts of renewed heavy fighting in Bosnia began to circulate on 5 December, with Western agencies reporting that nearly 1, 000 shells hit Maglaj and Tesanj during an offensive by both Serbs and Croats against Bosnian Muslims. Serious fighting comes just days after peace talks aimed at bringing peace to former Yugoslavia ended in Geneva on 2 December. -Stan Markotich GREECE TO CLOSE BORDER WITH MACEDONIA? GREEK PRIME MINISTER ANDREAS PAPANDREOU, IN RESPONSE TO THE POSSIBILITY OF OTHER EU STATES GRANTING FULL RECOGNITION TO THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA WITHOUT THAT COUNTRY DROPPING "MACEDONIA" FROM ITS NAME, SAID ON 4-DECEMBER IN COMMENTS CARRIED BY GREEK TELEVISION AND RADIO, THAT ATHENS MIGHT CLOSE THE BORDER WITH MACEDONIA. Such an act would severely damage Macedonia's already ailing economy as many of its goods are shipped via Greece. Papandreou's remark came a day after Deputy Foreign Minister Theodore Pangalos had taken what seemed to be an opposite tack. He stated that Greece had lost the struggle over the name of the new Balkan state. According to Reuters, he said, "The name issue has been lost. . . . There is no need to discuss it any further." He noted that Macedonia must now demonstrate its good intentions by recognizing the border with Greece and finding a new flag that does not include a symbol to which Greece claims title, as is currently case. Why the two men appear to have contradicted each other is not clear. -Duncan Perry SERBIAN GOVERNMENT TO DOLE OUT BREAD. On 4 December the Serbian trade minister, Radisa Djordjevic, announced on Serbian TV that the government would, starting on 7 December, give away bread to those on welfare and provide subsidized bread to pensioners. In addition, the minister announced that electricity bills would be cut by 50% for those on social assistance. On 5 December a Reuters report suggested that the minister's actions were a direct response to hardship caused by the collapsing Serbian economy. Reuters also noted that Serbia's government may have plans to eliminate the dinar, the official currency that has been rendered virtually valueless by hyperinflation, and embark on a program of printing vouchers. Recent Serbian media accounts continue to emphasize that the rump Yugoslav economy has deteriorated to unacceptable levels. On 6-December, a Vreme headline announced a "Monetary Breakdown." And Borba spoke on 3 December of a "collapse of the entire economic system."--Stan Markotich POLES SAY PARTNERSHIP MUST BE DOOR TO NATO. Addressing the NACC meeting in Brussels on 3-December, Poland's Foreign Minister Andrzej Olechowski said the "partnership for peace" proposal would only fulfill Polish expectations if it opened the door to NATO membership, which remained Poland's strategic objective, PAP reports. Olechowski said partnership, oriented to this objective, "should serve to strengthen European security by establishing criteria and rules of conduct in the political and military spheres." These might include transparency of military budgets; civilian control over the military; no stationing of troops on foreign soil without the agreement of the country concerned; implementation of all disarmament commitments; arms control; and confidence and security building measures. Olechowski further said that progress between any given country and NATO should not be blocked by third parties. Olechowski told PAP that, after the 2 and 3 December NATO and NACC meetings, he was more optimistic that NATO would ultimately open its doors to new members from Central and East Europe, and that in the process Poland would find its place in a European security system. -Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka POLISH-RUSSIAN CRIME FIGHTING ACCORD. Russian Security Minister Nikolai Golushko concluded his three-day visit to Poland on 1 December by signing with his Polish counterpart, Interior Minister Andrzej Milczanowski, a protocol on cooperation in combating organized international crime. PAP reports that the accord focuses on arms, drugs and radioactive material smuggling in areas adjacent to the Polish-Russian border. Both ministers emphasized that the accord was not affecting ongoing cooperation with other neighboring countries. At a press conference Milczanowski would not confirm that Poland was overrun by "a Russian mafia," emphasizing, instead, that international gangs involving Polish, Russian, Ukrainian and German nationals were becoming a real threat. He mentioned "multi-trillion losses" to the Polish treasury as a result of illegal dealings on the Eastern border. Golushko said in 1993 Russian special services had prevented attempts to smuggle goods worth 300 million rubles ($250,000), estimated at about one tenth of the total value of smuggled goods. -Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka CZECH REPUBLIC, SLOVENIA SIGN TRADE AGREEMENT. Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus and his Slovenian counterpart, Janez Drnovsek, signed an agreement in Ljubljana on 4-December establishing a free trade zone between the two countries. CTK reports that the accord, which takes effect on 1 January, will eliminate tariffs on 83% of Czech-Slovene trade. After his return to Prague on 5 December, Klaus told CTK that the free trade agreement with Slovenia is more far-reaching than the last year's agreement on establishing a free-trade zone between the so-called Visegrad countries (the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, and Hungary). He said that all remaining tariffs on Czech-Slovene trade will be removed by January 1996. -Jiri Pehe SLOVAK PRESIDENT ALLEGEDLY ASKED FOR MECIAR'S RESIGNATION. In a 3-December interview with Slovak Radio, Premier Vladimir Meciar said President Michal Kovac had requested his resignation in connection with a speech given to members of his party, the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, on 28 November in the east Slovak town of Zlata Idka, TASR and Reuters report. The speech, published on 3 December by certain Slovak newspapers, includes references to the MDS's financing of the Slovak Green Party in its campaign for the June 1992 elections and the SGP's subsequent betrayal of the MDS. On 3-December Christian Democratic Movement Chairman Jan Carnogursky also called for Meciar's resignation, and the following day, the Civic Democratic Youth accused Meciar of resorting to "political practices used by Communist regimes." Following a closed-doors session of the MDS on 5 December, party officials refused to comment on the controversy. Meciar refused to resign, saying in the 3 December interview that the president's decision was not "well thought out." Presidential spokesman Anton Bodis said that in a meeting between Kovac and Meciar about two months ago, the two discussed alternative steps to take regarding the political situation, which included Meciar's resignation and the formation of a new government, Reuters reports on 4 December. -Sharon Fisher TWO SLOVAK RIGHT-WING PARTIES UNITE. On 4-December in the central Slovak town of Banska Stiavnice the Conservative Democratic Party and the Democratic Party agreed to unite, TASR reports. Neither party is currently represented in the parliament. A joint statement following the event said that the failure of the right-wing parties in the June 1992 elections occurred mainly because the parties were split and thus could not reach the 5% parliamentary hurdle, leaving more than 10% of voters without representation in the parliament. The new party said it will "try to renew democratic values and to create a civic society which would enable free development of individuals." The meeting was cut short because of an anonymous warning that a bomb was installed in the conference room. -Sharon Fisher HUNGARIAN PREMIER'S ILLNESS. According to the latest statement issued by the doctors treating Prime Minister Jozsef Antall, new trouble has developed in the premier's blood forming organs and intensive chemotherapy and radiation treatment is "proceeding according to plan," MTI reported on 3 December. Antall, who suffers since 1990 from non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, a form of cancer, was hospitalized again on 23 November, only weeks after returning from a one-month medical treatment in a German clinic. Interior Minister Peter Boross continues to substitute for the premier, as prescribed by the constitution. Istvan Csurka, co-chairman of the nationalist Hungarian Truth and Life Party, told Radio Budapest on 5 December that the Antall-led Hungarian Democratic Forum ruling party should have prepared itself better in finding a successor for Antall. Tamas Katona, state secretary in the premier's office, denied on the same day that a succession struggle had begun within the HDF. Should Antall, whose term expires in May 1994, be unable to resume his functions and should parliament fail to agree on an interim successor, Hungary's general elections, scheduled to be held sometime between May and August 1994, would have to be moved to an earlier date.--Alfred Reisch HUNGARIAN SOCIALISTS OUTLINE FOREIGN, SECURITY POLICY. The Hungarian Socialist Party (HSP) outlined on 4 December its program regarding the foreign and security policy, the minorities, and the military. The party rejected the view that Hungary's international image would suffer should the HSP join the government after the 1994 elections. The HSP intends to launch a new foreign policy strategy toward Western and Eastern Europe, whose main goal is to prevent a further deterioration of Hungary's relations with its neighbors by means of bilateral treaties stating the inviolability of borders and guaranteeing the rights of the Magyar minorities abroad. The HSP emphasized that Hungary should not act alone but jointly with other countries in the region in seeking integration into the European structures and trying to persuade NATO to provide guarantees to all Central and Eastern European countries. -Alfred Reisch ILIESCU AND THE PRIVATE SECTOR. Romania's President Ion Iliescu praised on 3-December the growth of free enterprise in his country. In a speech at a prize award festivity to honor Romania's leading entrepreneurs, broadcast by Radio Bucharest, Iliescu said that "we have created an economic environment which stimulates private enterprise and free competition." He admitted, however, that Romania's economy was facing serious difficulties and cited rampant inflation as one of its main problems. Paradoxically enough, Iliescu tried to put the blame for most of the current economic woes on the few reforming steps taken this year by Nicolae Vacaroiu's left-wing government He was particularly critical of the introduction of the value-added tax on 1 July, suggesting that the measure had to be taken following pressure from international financial organizations. Premier Vacaroiu, Secretary of State Mircea Cosea, head of the cabinet's Council for Economic Coordination, Strategy and Reform, Finance Minister Florin Georgescu, as well as Adrian Nastase, executive chairman of the ruling Party of Social Democracy in Romania also addressed the meeting. -Dan Ionescu KONTIC ASKS BULGARIA TO HELP REMOVE EMBARGO. On 4 December Prime Minister of Rump Yugoslavia Radoje Kontic told a press conference in Sofia he wants Bulgaria to help lift sanctions imposed by the United Nations, Bulgarian and Western media report. Kontic said Bulgaria could be of a great help to Belgrade by first stating Yugoslavia's position on the embargo before international organizations and, a later stage, by urging that the country be reintegrated into the international community. He said he was convinced that the sanctions will soon be either lifted or eased anyway. Bulgarian Premier Lyuben Berov told journalists his government is not prepared to depart from UN resolution 820, but that it might support Belgrade's case if other Balkan states raise the issue. When discussing the situation of some 25,000 ethnic Bulgarians in Serbia, Kontic said Belgrade will fully comply with the norms and requirements of the Conference of Security and Cooperation in Europe. On 5 December Tanjug quoted Kontic as describing his three-day visit to Sofia as a success, citing "almost complete agreement" on the sanctions issue, bilateral cooperation, and humanitarian efforts. -Kjell Engelbrekt FREE TRADE TREATY BETWEEN KALININGRAD AND LITHUANIA ANNULLED. On 3-December Respublika reported that the Russian Foreign Ministry had sent a note to its Lithuanian counterpart annulling the free trade treaty that Lithuania and Kaliningrad had signed on 19 July, BNS reported on 4 December. Russian Ambassador to Lithuania Nikolai Obertyshev noted that the agreement on trade and economic relations signed by Russian and Lithuanian Prime Ministers Viktor Chernomyrdin and Adolfas Slezevicius on 18 November took precedence over other arrangements. The agreement, he said, provided for most-favored-nation treatment in trade and not for free trade, and the Kaliningrad region was no exception to it. -Saulius Girnius LATVIAN AND LITHUANIAN PRESIDENTS MEET. On 2 December Lithuanian President Algirdas Brazauskas held talks with his Latvian counterpart Guntis Ulmanis in the west Latvian town of Nica, BNS reported on 3-December. They discussed forming a five plus three political and economic alliance between the 5 Nordic Council countries and the 3 Baltic States. Ulmanis is planning a trip to Finland where the proposal would be discussed further. The presidents also talked about Latvia's opposition to Lithuania's plans to build an oil terminal platform at Butinge near the Latvian border. -Saulius Girnius RUSSIAN TROOP WITHDRAWAL FROM ESTONIA. On 3 December Estonian Foreign Minister Trivimi Velliste held unsuccessful talks in Brussels with his Russian counterpart Andrei Kozyrev on the schedule for withdrawing Russian troops from Estonia, BNS reports. During talks in Tallinn on 1 and 2 December between the heads of the withdrawal negotiating teams Vasilii Svirin and Juri Luik, Russia failed to provide a promised troop withdrawal timetable. Svirin noted that the number of Russian troops in Estonia had declined to 2,600 as of 1 December. Kozyrev's deputy Vitalii Churkin who participated in the Brussels talks is scheduled to visit Tallinn this week to discuss withdrawal problems with the chancellor of Estonia's Foreign Ministry Ajar Oljum. Estonia has rejected Russia's efforts to tie the withdrawal with granting residence permits to 8,000 military pensioners. -Saulius Girnius BELARUS WANTS UKRAINE TO RECONSIDER CHORNOBYL DECISION. The Belarusian parliament voted on 3 December to ask Ukraine to review its decision to keep the Chornobyl nuclear power station open, Reuters reported. In October Ukraine's parliament reversed a 1991 decision to close the plant because of the energy crisis in the country. Ukraine claims that there have been technical improvements in the plant since the 1986 accident which make its continued operation safe. Large areas of Belarus were affected with radioactive fallout following the accident, and the state allocates around 20% of its annual budget to accident-related items. -Ustina Markus [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Bess Brown and Dan Ionescu THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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