|Some things have to be believed to be seen. - Ralph Hodgson|
No. 217, 11 November 1993
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc. RUSSIA THIRTEEN PARTIES TO PARTICIPATE IN ELECTIONS. The Central Electoral Commission declared on 10 November that it had registered 13 political parties and blocs to take part in the elections to the Federal Assembly on December 12, Western and Russian agencies reported. The parties will present lists of candidates to compete for half the seats in the 450-mandate lower chamber, the State Duma. Originally, 21 parties had presented petitions of at least 100,000 signatures to qualify for registration; on checking, eight parties were found to have violated the rules for collecting signatures. Chairman of the Electoral Commission Nikolai Ryabov, said that the most common violation had been to exceed the limit of 15% of the signatures to be collected from any one region. Ryabov also said that the competing parties represented "the whole spectrum of political forces in Russia."--Wendy Slater PARTIES PARTICIPATING IN ELECTIONS. The following is a list of the thirteen parties which have qualified to stand for election by proportional representation, together with the number of people on their federal lists of candidates to the State Duma: Constructive Ecological Movement "Cedar" (44 people); Liberal Democratic Party (156); Agrarian Party (145); "Civic Union for Stability, Justice, and Progress" bloc (184); "Dignity and Charity" bloc (58); "Women of Russia" bloc (36); Russian Movement for Democratic Reforms (153); Communist Party of the Russian Federation (151); "Russia's Future-New Names" bloc (95); Democratic Party of Russia (167); Party of Russian Unity and Concord (193); "Russia's Choice" bloc (212); "Yavlinsky-Boldyrev-Lukin" bloc (172). The list was carried by Interfax and Reuters of 10 November. -Wendy Slater CIVIC UNION WANTS COALITION GOVERNMENT. The Civic Union bloc would like to see the creation, after the parliamentary elections, of a new centrist government uniting leading reformers, according to one of the new coleaders of the bloc, publicist Fedor Burlatsky. Burlatsky was quoted by Ekho Moskvy on 9-November as saying that the future government should include such politicians as Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin, economist Grigorii Yavlinsky, industrialists' leader Arkadii Volsky, Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Shakhrai and First Deputy Prime Minister Egor Gaidar. Burlatsky's proposal may signal the Civic Union's preparedness to seek a coalition with the two liberal-centrist blocs of Yavlinsky and Shakhrai. -Alexander Rahr CIVIC UNION, RUSSIA'S CHOICE CAMPAIGN. The coleader of the Civic Union, Aleksandr Vladislavlev, is quoted by ITAR-TASS on 10 November as saying that the goal of his organization was to restore the former Soviet Union by peaceful means. He said the Civic Union is conducting negotiations with the blocs of Sergei Shakhrai, Grigorii Yavlinsky and Nikolai Travkin on future cooperation. In a campaign speech in Krasnoyarsk, Egor Gaidar, the leader of the pro-Yeltsin bloc "Russia's choice", deplored the split in the democrats' ranks, according to Ostankino TV on 10 November. He stated that his bloc continues to offer cooperation to the blocs of Yavlinsky and Shakhrai. Gaidar said that the government would bring down inflation to 9-12% this month in order to make available the necessary capital for investment in production. -Alexander Rahr "WOMEN OF RUSSIA'" BLOC GIVES PRESS CONFERENCE. The leader of the "Women of Russia" electoral bloc, Olevtina Fedulova, told a news conference that, although women make up 53 percent of the population, they are excluded from politics, Reuters reported on 9-November. Only 30 percent of the deputies of the Soviet Congress and 6 percent of the Russian Congress of People's Deputies were women. She criticized other blocs for putting very few women on their lists of candidates. Fedulova said her bloc hopes to get at least 5 percent of the vote in the elections and thus bring half of its 44 female candidates into the State Duma. She denied that the sole goal of her bloc was to get more women into parliament just to solve women's issues and stated that her aims include a softer approach to market reforms and more social benefits for the poorer elements of society. -Alexander Rahr IF THE CONSTITUTION IS NOT ADOPTED . . . First Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Shumeiko said at a press conference reported by Ostankino TV on 10-November that, if the new constitution is not endorsed in the 12-December referendum, elections to the State Duma and the Council of the Federation would automatically be invalidated because these bodies do not figure in the present constitution, which remains in force until a new one is adopted. Shumeiko said that, if the new constitution is rejected by the voters, the State Duma should transform itself into a Constitutional Assembly and draw up a new constitution. Shumeiko also spoke in favor of subordinating the Federal Information Center, which is now under the jurisdiction of the President, to the government. -Alexander Rahr YELTSIN FIRES SVERDLOVSK REGION GOVERNOR. President Boris Yeltsin fired Eduard Rossel, the head of the Sverdlovsk regional administration, for his role in the region's self-proclamation as the "Ural Republic" last month, Radio Rossii reported on 10 November. Rossel closely cooperated with the regional soviet in upgrading the region's status. A statement released by Yeltsin's press service said Rossel failed to carry out presidential edicts and considerably exceeded his authority. Radio Rossii said Rossel's deputy Valerii Tushnikov has been appointed acting head of the Sverdlovsk regional administration. -Vera Tolz STRATEGIC ROCKET FORCES COMMANDER ON START-2. In a report broadcast on Ostankino radio on 9 November, Col. General Igor Sergeev endorsed the START-2 treaty. In doing so, however, he claimed that the US now has strategic superiority over Russia and noted that the treaty would equalize the two sides' forces. Sergeev stated that some 180,000 troops currently serve in the Strategic Rocket Forces, but that personnel shortfalls are now running at 50%. As a result, missile launch crews are on alert duty some 18 days per month on average, which is more than usual. The report also indicated that a number of sites for the destruction of missiles had been created and that some missiles had already been destroyed. While the SRF and the Airborne troops are to receive priority in the fall draft allocations and financing, the situation in the force has greatly deteriorated since the days of the Soviet Union. -John Lepingwell FINALIZED DRAFT BUDGET FOR 1993 SUBMITTED. On 10 November Finance Minister Boris Fedorov submitted to the government the finalized budgets for the fourth quarter of 1993 and for the year as a whole, Interfax reported. Planned expenditures are set at 43.9-trillion rubles and revenues at 25.3 trillion rubles. The projected maximum deficit of 17-trillion rubles is said to be equivalent to 10% of GDP. The deficit will be partially covered by the issue of short- and mid-term bonds and gold certificates. Fedorov did not anticipate receiving further Western credits to refinance the deficit before the end of the year. -Keith Bush NEW CHANGES IN TAX COLLECTION. The Council of Ministers issued a resolution calling for measures to increase tax compliance, ITAR-TASS reported on 10 November. The resolution proposes tougher actions against violations of tax payment regulations, closer supervision of government extra-budgetary funds and more exact specification of tax privileges in tax legislation. On the same day, Interfax reported that, according to Sergei Almazov, head of the Russian Federation's Department of the Tax Police, 25% of the firms audited by his agency this year had failed to pay taxes. From January to September the department recovered 400 billion rubles (about 1.5% of the latest planned revenue for the 1993 Russian state budget). -Erik Whitlock SEA DUMPING OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE TO CONTINUE. Environment Minister Viktor Danilov-Danilyan told a London conference on nuclear pollution of the oceans on 10-November that Russia must continue to dump low-level radioactive waste into the sea at least until the end of 1994 and possibly through 1996, Western agencies reported. If, however, Western financial aid were forthcoming to help finance the building of land storage facilities, Russia could stop the sea dumping by the end of 1994. Danilov-Danilyan accused the Russian navy of acting "recklessly" in connection with the October dumping incident and he referred to other internal forces without being more specific. -Keith Bush SPECIAL UNITS TO BE TRANSFERRED TO THE SECURITY MINISTRY? MOSKOVSKY KOMSOMOLETS ON 10-NOVEMBER REPORTED THAT THE ALFA ANTI-TERRORISM AND VYMPEL SPECIAL FORCES UNITS ARE TO BE SUBORDINATED TO THE SECURITY MINISTRY. Both units played a role in the storming of the White House and are currently subordinate to the president's Main Protection Administration. According to the report, the troops in these units will suffer a 30% pay cut as a result of the transfer, raising concerns that the most experienced members will depart and necessitating the reconstitution of the units. -John Lepingwell MAKAROV RESIGNS FROM CORRUPTION COMMISSION. Andrei Makarov, the head of a commission of the Russian Security Council responsible for investigating corruption has resigned, ITAR-TASS and Interfax reported on 10 November. Makarov (not to be confused with Deputy Procurator General Nikolai Makarov, who prepared a report for the parliament which implicated the president's advisors in corruption) had charged that the former Russian Procurator General Valentin Stepankov had tried to have him killed. He also charged Vice President Rutskoi with maintaining a secret Swiss bank account. Makarov was recently nominated as a candidate for the new Russian parliament by the "Russia's Choice" bloc headed by Egor Gaidar. -John Lepingwell TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA SHEVARDNADZE CALLS FOR GEORGIAN REUNIFICATION. Eduard Shevardnadze, chairman of Georgia's parliament, said in a speech to the nation broadcast on Radio Tbilisi on 11 November that Georgia, including separatist Abkhazia, must be reunited. He described a Georgian return to Abkhazia as a goal for the immediate future. Shevardnadze, who was speaking from Senaki in western Georgia, said that the situation in the west is stabilizing since government forces drove troops loyal to ousted president Zviad Gamsakhurdia out of the town of Zugdidi, and praised the help provided by Russian marines who have restored order in the town of Poti. He said that he would have preferred for Georgia to be able to restore stability without outside help, but he was not ashamed that he had asked Russia's aid in preventing Georgia's disintegration.--Bess Brown KAZAKH-UZBEK CURRENCIES TO BE ISSUED SIMULTANEOUSLY. On 10 November in Almaty Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbaev and Uzbek President Islam Karimov signed joint documents relating to the introduction of new national currencies, various Russian and Western news agencies reported. The countries have agreed to introduce these currencies simultaneously in an effort to prevent the "invasion of old rubles" into one country were the other to change over to a new currency first. The date for the issue of the new currencies was unspecified, but the agreement may delay Kazakhstan's shift as Uzbekistan seems less prepared for the action. The two leaders signed agreements on economic trade and policy coordination as well. -Erik Whitlock CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE BOSNIAN MUSLIMS ASK FOR SPECIAL STATUS FOR MOSTAR. Reuters reports on 10 November that the Muslim-led Bosnian government wrote to the UN following the destruction of Mostar's historic Old Bridge by Croat gunners the previous day. The Sarajevo authorities asked that Mostar be given special status and made a "safe area." They also wrote to UNESCO, which had listed the bridge as an international cultural heritage monument, saying that its destruction should make the UN realize the difference between "Croat aggression and Muslim defense of freedom." The Croats claim the Muslims were using the structure for military purposes, but some observers are already saying that demolishing the world-famous bridge may well prove to be the most politically self-damaging act committed by the Croats in the course of the conflict. According to Vecernji list of 11 November, the Croats are not admitting responsibility for destroying the bridge but rather present it as a tragedy that somehow just happened. -Patrick Moore SESELJ'S POPULARITY FALLING. Politika writes on 10 November that the popularity of Serbian Radical Party (SRS) and its leader Vojislav Seselj is waning. Meanwhile, internal divisions have emerged, and its leadership appears disoriented following sharp criticism from the ruling Socialists and arrests of key regional leaders of the SRS and the Serbian Chetnik Movement, the party's paramilitary arm. Politika commented: "Seselj's story resembles a comet flashing brilliantly for a second and then disappearing in the dark from which it emerged." All recent polls show that the popularity of Seselj and the SRS has drastically fallen. Some polls indicate that the SRS, the second largest party in the parliament after winning 73 seats in the December 1992 elections, might win only 30 seats in the 19 December parliamentary elections. Milosevic dissolved the parliament on 20-October. -Milan Andrejevich YUGOSLAV INDUSTRY AT A NEAR STANDSTILL. According to a survey conducted in October by the Belgrade Institute for Market Research reported by Radio Serbia on 8 November, most industries in Serbia-Montenegro used only 25-30% of their production capacities because of a lack of necessary materials, while 32% of all production was at a standstill. A total of 81% of all factories had insufficient stocks of materials, and 62% operated with interruptions for as long as two weeks. Belgrade's Institute of Economic Sciences released data on 10 November showing that about 70% of the population in Yugoslavia cannot meet their basic daily requirements for the purchase of food and other essential products; the average monthly salary in October was slightly more than $15, while inflation was at 1,800%. The report says the population survives on additional income from the black market. Federal Foreign Trade Minister Milorad Unkovic wrote in the latest issue of the Review of International Affairs that Yugoslavia lost some $25 billion in revenue because of the sanctions imposed 18 months ago. -Milan Andrejevich ALBANIAN SEPARATISTS IN MACEDONIA. In a news conference on 10 November, Macedonian Interior Minister Ljubomir Frckovski indicated that there is no evidence connecting the ethnic Albanian Party for Democratic Prosperity with the Albanians arrested for arms smuggling between 5 and 8 November, reported Vecer. Among those arrested was Husein Hofkaj, a deputy defense minister. He and his compatriots were charged with organizing paramilitary forces and seeking to subvert the state between 1991 and the present, according to MIC. Frckovski indicated that authorities found some 35 Chinese-made automatic rifles, among other weapons. He noted that the arms were probably smuggled into Macedonia from Albania; Tirana denies any connection with the group. The arrests virtually coincided with Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic's press conference of 9 November wherein he claimed knowledge of an Albanian separatist movement in Macedonia. -Duncan Perry ALBANIAN TV STARTS SATELLITE TRANSMISSION. On 9 November Albanian Television launched experimental broadcasts via EUTELSAT 2, Rilindja reported the previous day. The trial period will run until 14-November between 18:30 and 20:30 CET, with regular programming expected to start on 15 November. According to Rilindja the broadcast is a joint project of Radio-Television Albania and Radio-Television Pristina. The government of the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosovo "provides material means for studio equipment and the satellite transmission." The program "seeks to promote the information and cultural integration of the ethnic Albanian territory." This is clearly a challenge to the Serbian authorities, who have previously managed to control or eliminate Albanian-language media in Kosovo. -Fabian Schmidt POLISH GOVERNMENT PONDERS NEW TAXES. At a press conference following the Sejm's confidence vote on 10 November, Premier Waldemar Pawlak said the new government's first priority is to complete the draft 1994 budget. The Sejm voted that same day to postpone the deadline for submission of the budget to 20 December, as requested by the government. Economic officials were evasive about the sources of new revenues to fund the government's plans for increased spending on social needs. Deputy Premier and Finance Minister Marek Borowski acknowledged that the government's proposals will be "controversial." Asked who will pay more to fund new programs, Borowski answered only, "those who have money." Polish TV reports that the finance ministry is considering a one-time tax on those in the highest income bracket, a lump-sum tax on private businesses, and a tax on "outward signs of wealth" (apparently meant to fight conspicuous consumption). Pawlak indicated the government plans to serve out its entire four-year term. Louisa Vinton POLISH CONSTITUTIONAL COURT RULES ON JUDICIAL INDEPENDENCE. In a ruling handed down on 9 November, the Constitutional Tribunal declared unconstitutional a legal clause allowing the removal of judges who "violate the principle of judicial independence," PAP reports. The clause was designed to eliminate judges who had compromised themselves under communism. The tribunal did not reject the idea behind the law but urged the parliament to find better means to redress past abuses. The ruling must still be confirmed by the Sejm. The case was brought before the tribunal by the civil rights spokesman, who argued that the clause infringed on the "apolitical" nature of the legal system. The new justice minister, Wlodzimierz Cimoszewicz, supported him in this protest, although his predecessor, Jan Piatkowski, had rejected it. Cimoszewicz has already revoked several controversial personnel decisions made by Piatkowski, PAP reports. -Louisa Vinton MECIAR CRITICIZES KOVAC. In a speech to the new members of the Slovak government during a swearing-in ceremony at the Bratislava Castle on 10 November, Premier Vladimir Meciar said that the coalition government can count on the support of a majority of the parliament's deputies and that he would "appreciate it if the government could also count on the support of the president." Slovak media report that Meciar further said he would appreciate it if pledges made by the president one day would also be valid the next. Kovac interrupted Meciar's speech at that point, saying that his pledges were valid. (Later, Kovac told Slovak Radio he had never promised Meciar that he would accept his government nominees en bloc and that he had even threatened to resign should Meciar insist on naming Ivan Lexa as the new privatization minister). The premier expressed regret over the fact that Kovac refused to approve all government nominees, thus making the government incomplete. Meciar also suggested that it is not clear "what sort of wisdom" the president used in refusing to accept all of the nominations. In an interview with CTK after the ceremony, parliament chairman Ivan Gasparovic said Meciar "did not mean to be confrontational. It is simply his style of speaking, and we have to see it as such." -Jiri Pehe HAVEL IN SLOVENIA. Czech President Vaclav Havel arrived in Ljublana for a two-day official visit on 10-November, where he met with Slovene President Milan Kucan. The two presidents said they hope to form a free trade zone between their countries and Slovakia by the end of 1993. Jiri Pehe CZECH PARLIAMENTS APPROVES IMPORTANT LAWS. In what represents a political defeat for Vaclav Klaus's Civic Democratic Party, on 9 November the parliament passed a resolution submitted by opposition parties requiring the government to submit as soon as possible a draft constitutional law on a new administrative division of the Czech Republic. Such a division, including the creation of several regions, is envisaged by the Czech Constitution adopted last year. On 6-December, the CDP leadership voted to postpone addressing the issue of a new regional arrangement until after the local government elections scheduled for the fall of 1994. CTK reports that deputies representing two coalition partners of the CDP joined the opposition in supporting the resolution. Also on 9 November, the parliament approved a law abolishing the system of state prosecutors, which dates back to the communist era, replacing it with a system of public attorneys, whose main function will be to represent the state in courts of law as public plaintiffs. The law takes affect on 1 January 1994. -Jiri Pehe WESTERN EUROPEAN UNION DELEGATION IN HUNGARY. On 10 November a WEU delegation led by Dudley Smith arrived in Budapest for talks with members of the Hungarian parliament's foreign relations committee, MTI reports. According to the deputy chairman of the foreign relations committee Gyorgy Csoti, Smith was cautiously optimistic about the Visegrad countries' chances of joining NATO and opined that an associated membership for those countries in the WEU would promote their integration into NATO. Smith admitted that cooperation between Hungary and the WEU had stagnated somewhat but said he expected an "upswing" following the January NATO summit, which will set guidelines for the WEU's development. Csoti regretted that Smith was only recently informed that a substantial number of ethnic Hungarians live in Romania and Slovakia and stressed that the consequences of the Trianon Peace Treaty have to be discussed more at home as well as abroad. -Edith Oltay HUNGARIAN MINORITY PARTY IN ROMANIA CRITICIZES POLITICAL ALLY. Hungarian Democratic Federation of Romania President Bela Marko said his group disagrees with the National Peasant Party Christian Democratic on the issue of minority rights, an RFE/RL correspondent reports on 10 November. The HDFR and the NPPCD are both members of the opposition alliance, the Democratic Convention of Romania. HDFR Executive Chairman Csaba Takacs told reporters in Bucharest that the NPPCD changed its views after last year's general election and has drifted from the principles that governed Romania after the 1918 unification with Transylvania, which formed the basis for an agreement between the two parties. The HDFR seeks self-determination for Hungarian-speaking communities, while the NPPCD opposes it. -Michael Shafir ROMANIA HINTS IT WILL REFUSE ENTRY TO FORMER KING. A Foreign Ministry spokesman said his country "salutes" former King Michael's declaration that he will not question the present constitutional order in Romania during his intended attendance of the national day ceremonies on 1 December. At the same time, the spokesman was quoted by Radio Bucharest on 10-November as saying the authorities find it "difficult to comprehend" why the former monarch did not first inform the authorities of his intention to attend the celebrations and qualified as "tendentious" King Michael's statement that he has "decided to join all Romanians in Alba Iulia, for our celebrations on 1 December." -Michael Shafir BULGARIAN GOVERNMENT SEEKING TO DISCIPLINE JUDICIARY? ON 10 NOVEMBER THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY PASSED ON FIRST READING LEGAL AMENDMENTS WHICH, IF ADOPTED, WOULD LEAD TO THE DISMISSAL OF TWO OF THE COUNTRY'S TOP JURISTS, BTA REPORTS. Deputies who introduced the proposals to parliament said the fact that the amendments will affect the present Supreme Court chairman Ivan Grigorov and Prosecutor General Ivan Tatarchev, who both are politically close to the opposition Union of Democratic Forces, is merely a coincidence. Neither Grigorov nor Tatarchev fulfill the proposed requirement of having served 5 or, according to a variant of the proposal, 10 years as a judge or public prosecutor. In Demokratsiya of the same day, Grigorov wrote he has no doubt that the true aim of the government-backed by a parliamentary majority-is to purge the Supreme Judicial Council from anti-communist jurists. He also rejected accusations by Justice Minister Petar Kornazhev, who on the previous day said Grigorov had "slandered Bulgaria" at a recent meeting of top European jurists in Strasbourg. Grigorov said his criticism was relatively moderate and was exclusively directed at "the Berov government and his ex-communist supporters." Kjell Engelbrekt LEADER OF "WHITE BROTHERHOOD" ARRESTED IN UKRAINE. The leaders of the "White Brotherhood" cult, Maria Tsvyhun and her husband Yurii Krivonohov, were arrested in Kiev following a skirmish with police inside St. Sophia's cathedral, various agencies reported on 11 November. Cultists had been gathering in Kiev over the last week in anticipation of the suicide and resurrection of Tsyhun, known as Maria Devi Khrystos to her followers. Some 40 sect members had managed to enter the cathedral posing as tourists and began dancing and chanting. When police arrived the cultists grabbed fire extinguishers and sprayed them throughout the cathedral, damaging a number of priceless icons. Police had already detained over 600 members of the sect before the incident. Last week, the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry accused Moscow of failing to stop the cross-border influx of the movement's mainly Russian members. -Ustina Markus UKRAINE ADOPTS NEW ELECTION LAW. On 10-November the Ukrainian parliament passed on first reading a new election law, Ukrainian television reports. Of the four drafts proposed, the deputies chose the variant offered by the committee on legislation and legality, whereby all 450 seats in the new parliament will be in single mandate electoral districts according to the majoritarian system. The national democratic opposition favors a mixed system, which guarantees a certain portion of seats to the political parties. A final version of the law will be voted on early next week. -Roman Solchanyk UKRAINE DEACTIVATES 20 SS-19 MISSILES. Interfax on 9 November quoted the head of Ukraine's armaments and disarmament department, Kostyantyn Hryshchenko as saying that 20 of Ukraine's SS-19 missiles have been deactivated and can no longer be used; the missiles are to be dismantled in the near future. He said the more modern SS-24s "will be dismantled last of all, whatever the circumstances." -Ustina Markus TRANSCARPATHIAN ECONOMIC FREE ZONE REJECTED. The Ukrainian parliament balked at establishing a free economic zone in the Zakarpattya Oblast, following long negotiations between Uzhhorod and Kiev. Deputies argued that the project was too expensive and, moreover, that such a zone would stimulate separatist tendencies. A final decision on the matter was postponed until next week. -Roman Solchanyk BELARUSIAN PARLIAMENT SUSPENDS SESSION. The Belarusian Supreme Soviet suspended its session on 10-November because deputies could not agree on the order in which topics should be discussed, Belinform reported. A number of deputies wanted to discuss the social and economic situation in the republic first and leave the question of drafting a new constitution for later, while the Presidium wanted to discuss the new constitution first. The Chairman of the Supreme Soviet, Stanislau Shushkevich, and Prime Minister Vyacheslau Kebich asked for two days to prepare a report on the economic situation and the ratification of agreements with Russia. In the meantime, Shushkevich suggested that parliament debate the draft constitution. Deputies refused to do so. The session is set to reconvene on 12-November. -Ustina Markus AGRICULTURAL CRISIS IN LATVIA. Agriculture ministry official Juris Kuzma said the overall situation of Latvia's agriculture is still declining. He mentioned the following factors as having a negative impact on agriculture: the low sales price of milk, which does not even cover production costs; cows suffering from a leucosis; government indebtedness of 6.2-million lats to the farmers for produce delivered earlier this year; and sowing of only 30% of the planned winter crops this fall, which could lead to a massive shortage of wheat next year. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Ann Sheehy and Sharon Fisher THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.RFE/RL Daily Report
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