|Live all you can: it's a mistake not to. It doesn't so much matter what you do in particular, so long as you have your life. If you haven't had that what have you had? - Henry James|
No. 216, 10 November 1993
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc. RUSSIA YELTSIN'S TV ADDRESS ON DRAFT CONSTITUTION. Speaking on Russian television on 9 November, President Boris Yeltsin said the new draft constitution would seal Russia's break with the past and provide a firm legal order, as well as protect the rights, freedoms and interests of individual citizens. The full text of the draft was published by ITAR-TASS on 9-November. Yeltsin urged citizens to vote in favor of the draft at a referendum on 12-December. Some of the draft's provisions, as announced earlier, have provoked strong criticism, especially in Russia's republics. The draft gives citizens new rights, including the right to own land. It gives the president new powers, including the power to appoint the prime minister subject to parliament's agreement and to sack the prime minister as well as the military high command without asking the state duma. It says that all subjects of the federation have equal status and none of them is sovereign. Commenting on the latter provision, Yeltsin said "this constitution is not for separatists." -Vera Tolz CHINA, RUSSIA SIGN MILITARY COOPERATION ACCORD. Visiting Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev and his Chinese counterpart, Chi Haotian, on 9 November signed a five-year military cooperation agreement. Although details of the accord were not available, AFP quoted Grachev earlier on 9 November as saying that the accord would increase by three times the number of military attaches stationed in the respective capitals and that some seven Chinese delegations would visit Russia in 1994. Grachev emphasized that the agreement was not directed against "third countries." According to ITAR-TASS, Grachev also turned aside questions concerning Russian arms sales to China, claiming that the issue was not raised during his visit and that "military-technological cooperation . . . is a prerogative of the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations" and not of the Defense Ministry. The same report quoted Chinese Premier Li Peng as telling Grachev that the two countries would continue to maintain friendly relations, regardless of Russia's internal political situation. -Stephen Foye OFFICIAL AND UNOFFICIAL MILITARY TECHNICAL COOPERATION GROWING? IN A REPORT PUBLISHED ON 10 NOVEMBER, THE NEW YORK TIMES SPECULATED THAT THE AGREEMENT SIGNED IN BEIJING WAS NEVERTHELESS EXPECTED TO BROADEN THE TRANSFER OF RUSSIAN MILITARY TECHNOLOGY TO CHINA. It also reported that military technical cooperation between the two countries, which has been a cause of acute concern in Asia and the US, may be expanding on an informal basis. The newspaper claimed that representatives of Russian defense industries are streaming into Beijing, often without the knowledge of the government in Moscow. Quoting a diplomat in Beijing, the newspaper suggested that pressure on Moscow had led Russia to refuse to sell "power projection" weapons systems-like aircraft carriers and long-range bombers-to China, a development that has displeased the government in Beijing. It also said that China is now focusing less on the purchase of major weapons systems from Russia than on acquiring Russian technological know-how. -Stephen Foye SOME PARTIES MAY BE DENIED REGISTRATION FOR ELECTIONS. Officials in the Central Election Commission told Interfax on 9 November that as many as seven parties out of the 21 that had presented lists of 100,000 supporters may be denied registration. The officials warned that a preliminary investigation had found irregularities in the lists of the right-wing Russian All-People's Union (led by Sergei Baburin), Constitutional Democratic Party (led by Mikhail Astafev), and National Republican Party (led by Nikolai Lysenko). The qualifications of the radical New Russia bloc, headed by Telman Gdlyan; Petr Filippov's Association of Independent Professionals (which subsequently withdrew from the elections, urging supporters to vote for the pro-Yeltsin Russia's Choice bloc); and the centrist Transformation movement are also being questioned. The final decision on which parties may be registered will be taken on 12 November. -Wendy Slater YAVLINSKY CRITICIZES YELTSIN. Economist Grigorii Yavlinsky told Komsomolskaya pravda on 9 November that he intends to run for president in future elections. He said that the "present parliamentary elections are being held by an authoritarian regime in order to strengthen its positions and are far from democracy." However, Yavlinsky added that today Yeltsin has no other choice. He criticized Yeltsin's decision not to hold early presidential elections and said the president should keep at least some of his promises. Yavlinsky also criticized the reform policy of the present government and said he would conduct reforms in a more decentralized manner. He stated that Western aid was useless unless it was linked to the creation of a completely new economic infrastructure. -Alexander Rahr PRESIDENTIAL DECREE DISSOLVES URAL REPUBLIC. Yeltsin signed a decree on 9-November dissolving the self-proclaimed Ural republic set up last month by the Sverdlovsk regional soviet and head of regional administration, ITAR-TASS reported. The decree came just hours after the regional soviet had announced that a referendum on the Ural republic's draft constitution and elections of the head of administration would be held on 12 December. The regional soviet had appealed to Moscow for recognition of the new status of Sverdlovsk region in the Russian constitution. In his decree Yeltsin ordered a halt to activities of the regional soviet; he also declared that all decisions taken by the regional government were now without legal force. Earlier this week, Russian observers in Moscow and regional leaders had expressed the hope that the fact that the new draft Russian constitution accords equal status to Russia's republics and regions would help the Ural republic to be recognized by Moscow. This has turned out not to be the case. -Vera Tolz NORTH OSSETIA TO ELECT PRESIDENT. A session of the North Ossetian parliament on 9-November decided to introduce the post of president, ITAR-TASS reported. The relevant laws are to be drawn up by 20-November. Virtually all the republics that have not had presidents up to now have decided to institute the post in the wake of the 3-4 October events in order to strengthen their hand vis-a-vis Moscow. The parliament also decided that the name of the republic should be changed from the North Ossetian Soviet Socialist Republic to the Republic of North Ossetia. -Ann Sheehy RUSSIAN SPACE INDUSTRY FUNDING. According to the Interfax news agency, the Russian government is preparing a series of measures to assist the Russian space industry. In a 9-November report, Interfax stated that a draft resolution has been prepared that would allocate 320 billion rubles to the industry in 1994 in order to maintain the infrastructure and pay off 1993 debts. The industry would also be given, at the beginning of 1994, advance payments worth up to 40% of the total annual planned appropriations for the year. The resolution reportedly calls for the shifting of space industry production into Russia from the other CIS states, although it also provides for continued contracting amongst the states. Military space programs are to be given high priority, and Interfax claims that an additional 10,000 personnel may be added to defense ministry projects in this area. The move to support the space industry comes at a time when it is succeeding in developing new ties to Western space programs, and has won a major role in the construction of the proposed new US space station. John Lepingwell MOSCOW RENTS TO RISE SHARPLY. The Moscow city administration has approved in principle a sharp rise in rents for state-owned housing effective 1 January, Interfax reported on 9 November. Rent for one square meter of living space is expected to rise from 10 kopeks at present to 24 rubles on 1 January and to 101 rubles by the end of 1994. Substantial increases are also envisaged in charges for central heating, water, and sewage, but gas charges will remain unaltered. Subsidies amounting to 3.3 trillion rubles are to be allocated by the city administration in 1994 partially to offset the increases. The proposals must be approved by the new city Duma to be elected on 12 December. -Keith Bush TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA ABKHAZ PARLIAMENT WANTS DIALOG WITH GEORGIA. With Georgian troops massed on the border of Abkhazia, the leadership of the region, which is seeking to separate from Georgia, declared its willingness to renew dialog with Georgian authorities under Russian and UN mediation, Russian sources reported on 9 November. The Abkhaz Supreme Soviet also admitted the justice of charges that Abkhazia had violated the Sochi Agreement that was supposed to end fighting between the region and Georgia; the Abkhaz side would like to reinstate the agreement. According to Reuter, there were skirmishes between Georgian and Abkhaz forces along the border river but no casualties were reported. -Bess Brown RUSSIA WARNS ABKHAZ, GEORGIANS. The Russian Foreign Ministry warned in a statement on 9 November that Moscow will impose sanctions against the Abkhaz if they sent troops or weapons across the Inguri River. The Ministry likewise warned that Georgian authorities should not commit aggression against the Abkhaz and added that Moscow would not remain "indifferent" in such a situation. Currently, Georgian troops are concentrated on the Abkhaz border, Russian and Western agencies reported. -Suzanne Crow KAZAKHSTAN ISSUES NEW CURRENCY REGULATIONS. President Nursultan Nazarbaev signed a decree on 5 November requiring banks to ready special accounts for deposits of old rubles (issued between 1961-1992), various Russian news agencies reported. Few additional details were provided but apparently the measure is intended to provide a means of supervising and controlling the inflow of old rubles from neighboring countries. The Council of Ministers passed a supplementary resolution on 9 November that states that deposits of old rubles earned as payment for consumer necessities, fuel, medicine and some basic services will not be subject to these banking procedures. -Erik Whitlock CIS RUSSIAN, CENTRAL ASIAN SECURITY SERVICES TO COORDINATE. Tajikistan's official news agency, Khovar-TASS, reported on 9 November that a conference of leaders of the security services of Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan had agreed to coordinate in protection of Tajikistan's border with Afghanistan and in normalizing the situation within Tajikistan. Leaders of the five countries agreed earlier in the year to participate in defending the Tajik-Afghan border, but that agreement did not sanction interference in Tajikistan's internal affairs. Uzbek troops have been reported to have participated with Tajik government forces in military actions against the armed Tajik opposition, but the other Central Asian participants in the border forces have been reluctant to interfere. -Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE CROATS DESTROY MOSTAR BRIDGE. The New York Times reports on 10 November that Croatian gunners the previous day demolished the famous arch over the Neretva that was built between 1557 and 1566 by the Ottomans. The Serbs first shelled the structure in 1991, and it has since been hit by Serb and Croat fire, with one of the latest Croatian shellings having taken place in July. Muslims had tried to use tires to protect the bridge, a symbol not only of Mostar but of all Bosnia-Herzegovina. Patrick Moore MILOSEVIC FOR PEACE? ON 5 NOVEMBER SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC STRESSED IN AN INTERVIEW IN THE BELGRADE NEWSPAPER POLITIKA HIS COMMITMENT TO REGIONAL PEACE. Milosevic said current UN efforts to mediate a Balkan peace based on a "global approach" are worthy of support, because they could lead to "a path for the resolution of the Yugoslav crisis in its entirety." He stressed that the key to a lasting Balkan peace was close Serbian-Croatian cooperation. Milosevic went on to suggest that most regional tensions, such as those between the Serbs in the self-proclaimed Republic of Serbian Krajina, and Zagreb could be traced to Croatia's, or specifically Croatian President Tudjman's, unwillingness to commit to peace. On 10 November Borba reports that Milosevic is willing to recognize Macedonia, provided that Greece normalizes relations with Skopje first. -Stan Markotich "PROTESTS OF DEMOCRATIC FORCES AGAINST VIOLENCE" IN SKOPJE. This is Rilindja's headline on 8 November, marking the first anniversary of the fatal clashes in Skopje's market district of Bit Pazar, in which four died and more than thirty were injured, mainly ethnic Albanians. Under the slogan "now forever against violence," several political groups held a meeting in the Albanian theater of Bit Pazar, including ethnic Albanian members of the Macedonian parliament and government. The organizers said "the citizens of Skopje, of the Republic of Macedonia, and all progressive democratic forces cannot accept the fact that in their own town the police raised their hands in a primitive way against [their] own fellow citizens, especially those of another nationality." Fabian Schmidt ALBANIAN MILITANTS ARRESTED IN MACEDONIA. Nine ethnic Albanians were arrested on 9 November for arms smuggling according to Vecer. Reports indicate that two of those arrested were deputy ministers, one for health, another for defense. The group has been accused of forming a paramilitary organization centered in Gostivar, along the Albanian border, which allegedly plans to recruit and arm up to 20,000 Albanians. The paramilitary organization is alleged to be associated with the Party for Democratic Prosperity, the largest Albanian political party in Macedonia. Muhamed Halili, the party's leader, denies knowledge of the group and any association with the PDP according to MILS. -Duncan Perry POLISH SEJM CONFIRMS NEW GOVERNMENT. For the first time since 1989, a Polish government has received the support of a commanding parliamentary majority. Following six hours of debate and two days of commission hearings, on 10 November the Sejm voted 310 to 83 with 24 abstentions to confirm the two-party coalition government headed by Premier Waldemar Pawlak, PAP reports. In addition to the two coalition parties-the Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) and the Polish Peasant Party (PSL)-the new government was supported by the left-wing Union of Labor (UP). The Democratic Union (UD) and the Confederation for an Independent Poland (KPN) opposed the confidence vote. President Lech Walesa's Nonparty Reform Bloc (BBWR) abstained, as did the German minority. -Louisa Vinton PAWLAK'S PROGRAM CRITICIZED. During the Sejm debate, the new government's program was criticized for seemingly contradictory reasons: both for affirming continuity and for signaling dangerous deviations in economic policy. The UP, which had opted not to join the coalition, complained that the new government seems determined to push on with privatization, while the opposition UD and BBWR criticized Pawlak for planning excessive deficit spending and failing to confront the danger of inflation. The UD also objected to Pawlak's attempt to blame current economic problems on the four years of Solidarity governments rather than on forty-five years of communism. In debating Pawlak's pledge to proceed with the ratification of the concordat with the Vatican, a potential breach opened between the two coalition partners over Church-state relations. The PSL, which has been courting the Church hierarchy, endorsed the concordat as is, while SLD deputies called for its revision. -Louisa Vinton KWASNIEWSKI APOLOGIZES FOR COMMUNISM. During the Sejm debate on 9 November, SLD leader Aleksander Kwasniewski attempted to close a chapter in Polish history by apologizing for the abuses of the communist system and, at the same time, encouraging former party members to "walk with their heads high." "To all those who experienced abuses and were ill-treated by the authorities and the system before 1989-we apologize," Kwasniewski said. This apology was prefaced by a rhetorical rehabilitation of "all those who felt rejected in the past four years, whose achievements and honest labor were questioned, [and] whose dignity and satisfaction with the gains of past decades were denied." The reaction to Kwasniewski's remarks was mixed. President Lech Walesa and Gazeta Wyborcza editor Adam Michnik applauded the gesture; other former oppositionists said the apology was years too late and objected to Kwasniewski's implicit analogy between Solidarity governments and communist rule. Also on 9-November, Kwasniewski was elected chairman of the parliamentary commission charged with drafting Poland's new constitution. -Louisa Vinton MECIAR WITHDRAWS CABINET NOMINATIONS, RESUBMITS NEW ONES. On 9-November, Slovak Premier Vladimir Meciar withdrew all of his seven nominations for cabinet posts after President Michal Kovac rejected Ivan Lexa for the post of privatization minister, thus refusing to accept the nominations en bloc. In explaining his decision, Kovac argued that Lexa, whom he had rejected for the posts of director of the Slovak Information Service and minister of privatization earlier in 1993, was not qualified for the post. TASR reported that in a letter sent to Kovac, Meciar said that he was very sorry that the president, despite personal assurances, "groundlessly and out of personal motives" rejected Lexa. On the same day, Meciar submitted a new government list to the president, which was identical to the earlier one but omitted Lexa's nomination. Speaking on Slovak television, Meciar said his decision was based on his talks with Ludovit Cernak, chairman of the Slovak National Party, the coalition partner of Meciar's Movement for a Democratic Slovakia. Under the new proposal submitted to Kovac, the government will have four new deputy prime ministers (Finance Minister Julius Toth; SNP's Jozef Prokes, who will be responsible for integration into European structures; SNP's Marian Andel, who will oversee education; and MDS's Sergej Kozlik, who will preside over the process of economic transformation). Jaroslav Paska (SNP) will become the new education minister, and Jan Ducky will replace Jaroslav Kubecka as economy minister. -Jiri Pehe HUNGARY RATIFIES TREATIES WITH BALTIC STATES. Parliament on 9 November unanimously ratified the bilateral treaties signed in August 1992 with Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, MTI reports. Foreign Minister Geza Jeszenszky says Hungary has had traditionally good relations with the Baltic states, and the present treaties will enhance mutual cooperation in such fields as education and culture, as well as European integration. The treaties contain a declaration saying that they are not directed against any other country and also stress the need to guarantee the cultural, linguistic and religious rights of minorities.--Alfred Reisch HUNGARIAN LIBERALS HOLD TALKS IN GERMANY. A delegation of the opposition Alliance of Free Democrats party led by Gabor Kuncze, its premier-designate in the 1994 general elections, is on a four-day visit in Germany, MTI and Radio Budapest report. On 9-November Kuncze held talks with German Foreign Minister and Social Democratic Party chairman Klaus Kinkel, who expressed caution regarding the Visegrad countries' request for NATO membership because of the need to take into account Russia's views on the matter. The AFD delegation will also meet German economic and financial experts and discuss the schedule of Hungary's entry into the EC.--Alfred Reisch ROMANIAN OFFICIAL ALLOWS SALE OF HITLER BOOK. Romania's General Prosecutor Vasile Manea Dragulin rejected a request by President Ion Iliescu to ban Adolf Hitler's book Mein Kampf. In a letter to Iliescu, read on Radio Bucharest on 8 November, Dragulin described the book's publication as an act aiming at informing the readers and not at conducting fascist propaganda. Prosecutors in the city of Sibiu banned the sale of Mein Kampf in March, but Bucharest authorities reversed the decision in June. Dragulin's letter also ruled that three far-right political parties, the National Right Party, the Fatherland's Party, and the Movement for Romania, are legal. Dan Ionescu FORMER KING MICHAEL WANTS TO ATTEND NATIONAL DAY CEREMONIES. King Michael of Romania said in a message broadcast on Radio Bucharest on 9 November that he intends to participate in the national day ceremonies at Alba Iulia on 1 December. He stressed he will not question Romania's present constitutional order and that he seeks to promote stability. The town council of Timisoara invited the king to attend the ceremonies and visit the city, but the Foreign Ministry has not yet received a visa application. Meanwhile, on 8-November more than 4,000 Romanians demonstrated outside the former royal palace in Bucharest, denouncing President Iliescu and demanding that King Michael return home. King Michael, 72, was forced to abdicate in December 1947 and now lives in Switzerland. -Michael Shafir and Dan Ionescu BULGARIA "DISAPPOINTED" IN THE EC. In a declaration issued by the Bulgarian Foreign Ministry and handed over on 9 November to the Sofia diplomatic missions representing members of the EC, Bulgaria is described as "greatly disappointed" that the EC has still not managed to unblock a trade deal signed in March 1993, BTA reports. The document was distributed just hours after the EC Council of Ministers ended a session in Brussels. The declaration notes that the temporary trade accord, which following a ratification process is to be replaced by an association agreement, was initially intended to be enforced by 1 June 1993. As a result of the nearly 6-month delay, however, the foreign ministry says Bulgaria has lost over $200 million in trade revenues. Meanwhile in Brussels, Belgian Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene told Reuters he intends to ask EC leaders to speed up implementation of Bulgaria's interim trade deal. Diplomats quoted Dehaene as saying the repeated delays are bringing the EC Council of Ministers into discredit. -Kjell Engelbrekt UKRAINE DENIES PLANS FOR MASSIVE TROOP CUTS. Reacting to reports that the Ukrainian military planned an unprecedented troop cut of 150,000 personnel by the end of 1993, with a reduction to only 250,000 by the end of 1995, the defense ministry on 4-November announced that the reports were "disinformation" spread by the Russian newspaper Izvestiya. The defense ministry reaffirmed that the final size of the Ukrainian military after reductions would be 450,000. The repudiation of the report was carried by the UNIAR press agency on 5 November. -John Lepingwell UKRAINIAN COLONEL TO HEAD UN FORCES IN SARAJEVO. UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali appointed Col. Senchenko of the Ukrainian armed forces as chief of staff of UN troops in Sarajevo, Ukrainian television reported on 7 November. Ukraine has a battalion with the UN forces in Sarajevo. - Ustina Markus KRAVCHUK STEPS UP CENTRAL CONTROL OF ECONOMY. Last week Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk issued decrees significantly increasing state regulation of the economy. Among the measures adopted were price controls, profit limits, an expansion of the system of state orders and restriction on the trade and use of hard currency. On 9 November the Financial Times reported that all last week the Ukrainian Interbank Currency Exchange continued to operate despite a government order to shut down. That same day, however, according to Interfax, the exchange shut down its trade session after receiving an order to do so from the Ukrainian National Bank. The bank has established a fixed karbovanets-dollar rate of 6,980 to 1, which compares to the last rate established on the currency exchange of 31,150 to 1. -Erik Whitlock BELARUSIAN SUPREME SOVIET MEETS. The 13th session of the Belarusian Supreme Soviet met on 9-November, Radiofakt reported. Deputies debated a new constitution and the possibilities of holding parliamentary elections next year. Reuters reported that 500-demonstrators gathered outside the parliament building and demanded the resignation of the government. On 8-November Interfax reported that the Belarusian Trade Unions Federation collected 738,000 signatures calling for early parliamentary elections. Under law 350,000 are required to call a national referendum on a particular issue. The government had warned against holding a demonstration and said it would use any means available to breakup a rally. Reuters reported that the demonstrators outside the parliament were surrounded by police with water cannons, but no violence took place. -Ustina Markus CSCE'S MOLDOVA MISSION SHOWS MEAGER RESULTS. Having completed the six-month term stipulated by its mandate, the CSCE mission in Moldova has been extended by another six months, the mission's chief, Canadian Ambassador Timothy Williams, told Moldovan President Mircea Snegur on 9 November. Williams, who ended his tour of duty, was assured by Snegur that Chisinau fully agrees with the mission's suggestions on granting the Transdniester a special legal status "entailing a high degree of local self-government," Basapress reports. The mission, which is staffed with one half of its twelve planned members, has been prevented from discharging its mandate of facilitating the withdrawal of Russian troops and a political settlement of the Dniester conflict. Its requests, in agreement with Moldova, to observe the Moldovan-Russian troops talks and to establish an office in Transdniester to monitor compliance with the ceasefire agreement have been turned down by the Russian and "Dniester" side. Moldova has insisted on the mission's extension in hopes that it will become more effective. -Vladimir Socor SNEGUR IN TRANSDNIESTER, ON RUSSIAN "REACTION," ROMANIAN "ULTRAPATRIOTS." Moldovan President Snegur visited on 8 November the small area on the left bank of the Dniester still under Moldovan control, Basapress reports. Speaking at the inauguration of a rebuilt school in the village of Cocieri, which had been partially destroyed by "Dniester" forces and elements of Russia's 14th Army during last year's fighting, Snegur vowed that "the Transdniester will never be given up." He denounced "those who played the game of Russian reactionary circles and, through the force of the former Soviet army, created a phantom ["Dniester"] republic here." Referring to Moldova's Popular Front, the pro-Romanian opposition group, Snegur also blasted "our ultrapatriots who have all along been ready to give up the Transdniester in order to achieve their ambition" of unifying Moldova with Romania. -Vladimir Socor SHOKHIN ON USE OF ECONOMIC LEVERS AGAINST BALTICS. Russian Deputy Premier Aleksandr Shokhin told the press on 9 November in Moscow that his country intends to use more economic levers in its negotiations with the Baltic States, noting that these options have been poorly utilized before. Shokhin also implied linkage of Russian troop withdrawals from Estonia and Latvia to the social security of the Russian-speaking population and the signing of economic accords with Lithuania to the transit agreements reached over Russian access to Kaliningrad, Baltfax reports. -Dzintra Bungs COL. TURLAIS ON LATVIAN ARMED FORCES. Looking back critically over the reestablishment of the Latvian armed forces two years ago, their commander, Col. Dainis Turlais told the press that there are currently about 7,000 persons (including 157 women) serving in the armed forces, or 87% of the desired capacity. Of the 529 officers, ranging in rank from colonel to lieutenant, only 116-have been supplied with housing. Turlais noted the budgetary problems for all branches of the armed forces and suggested that purchasing should be centralized for all branches not only to save money, but also to maintain better oversight of weapons intended for the armed forces. Turlais invited journalists to observe the military training exercises held near Adazi 5-9 November, Diena and BNS reported on 8 November. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Ann Sheehy and Sharon Fisher THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.RFE/RL Daily Report
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