|The fool wonders, the wise man asks. - Benjamin Disraeli|
No. 213, 05 November 1993
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc. RUSSIA ALLEGATIONS OF CORRUPTION IN ELECTION CAMPAIGN. Various opposition parties have complained to observers from the European Community of bias in the election campaign, The Financial Times reported on 4-November. Sergei Baburin, the leader of the right-wing Russian All-People's Union, said that his telephone had been cut off, while communist leader Gennadii Zyuganov complained that his protests to the Russian government about media bias had gone unanswered. More serious allegations were made by Nikolai Travkin of the Democratic Party, who accused local leaders appointed by the President of using their office to collect signatures for themselves. Ostankino TV said on 4 November that instances of paying 20,000 rubles for 100 signatures had been observed, and quoted Arkadii Volsky of the Civic Union as saying that other parties were buying signatures for packets of cigarettes. -Wendy Slater EIGHT PARTIES SO FAR QUALIFY FOR ELECTIONS. An official of the Russian Central Electoral Commission told an RFE/RL correspondent on 4 November that eight political groups to date have collected the requisite 100,000 signatures to participate in the elections. The qualifying parties include the pro-Yeltsin Russia's Choice; the Communist Party of the Russian Federation; Vladimir Zhirinovksy's far right Liberal Democratic Party; Baburin's Russian All-People's Union; the Agrarian Party; Women of Russia; and the ecological movement "Cedar." Nikolai Travkin, leader of the centrist Democratic Party of Russia, also told RFE/RL on 4 November that his party was close to reaching the 100,000 target, denying earlier rumors that his party would fail to qualify to stand in the elections. Arkadii Volsky, leader of the Civic Union, meanwhile, told ITAR-TASS on 4 November that his party had already collected 80,000 signatures and was confident of collecting the remainder. -Wendy Slater YELTSIN MAY CANCEL EARLY PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS. Presidential spokesman Vyacheslav Kostikov has hinted that early presidential elections, as announced by President Boris Yeltsin, may be canceled and Yeltsin will serve until his term ends in 1996, Western agencies reported on 3 November. -Alexander Rahr CHRISTOPHER: POSITIVE ASSESSMENT OF RUSSIAN MILITARY DOCTRINE. Testifying before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on 4 November, US Secretary of State Warren Christopher said that a preliminary US government assessment of Russia's recently announced military doctrine determined that it did not undermine the "crucial principle" of respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of other former Soviet republics, an RFE/RL correspondent reported from Washington. Christopher was also reassuring on the use of nuclear weapons, saying that Russia's newly stated policy differs little from US policy in that area. According to Reuters, Christopher dismissed remarks made on 3 November by Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev that appeared to reject NATO membership for Eastern European states and that bluntly linked the pullout of Russian troops from the Baltic states to alleged civil rights abuses against the Russian minorities in Estonia and Latvia. Christopher, just back from Moscow, said Grachev's comments were a personal view and did not represent the position of the government. -Stephen Foye GRACHEV TO CHINA; THE VIEW FROM TOKYO. Reuters quoted Russian diplomats in Beijing on 5-November as saying that Defense Minister Pavel Grachev will begin an official visit to China on 8 November. According to the Japanese newspaper Yomiuri Shimbun on 3-November, Grachev's visit had originally been planned last December during a visit by Boris Yeltsin to China, and was to have taken place earlier this year but was delayed because of domestic problems in Russia. While in China, Grachev will reportedly sign an accord on increased military cooperation between the two countries. Noting both that the visit is the first to China by a Russian Defense Minister, and that it follows closely on the heels of a late October visit by a top US-Defense Department official, the Japanese newspaper surmised that China was attempting to further the modernization of its military forces by playing Russia off against the US. The US, Japan and a number of Asian countries have expressed concern over China's military build-up and over Russia's role to date as a supplier of advanced military technology to China. -Stephen Foye KUNADZE APPOINTED AMBASSADOR TO REPUBLIC OF KOREA. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Georgii Kunadze has been named Russian ambassador to South Korea by order of Boris Yeltsin, Interfax reported on 2 November. Kunadze, who will replace Aleksandr Panov in Seoul, had been responsible for oversight of Russian policy toward Japan and the countries of the Asia-Pacific region. He had often been the target of criticism from conservatives over his alleged willingness to make concessions to Japan on the Kuril Islands issue. The new posting appears to represent a demotion for Kunadze; it remains unclear if the change, which comes in the wake of Boris Yeltsin's recent visit to Japan, signifies a change of course in Russian policy vis-a-vis Japan or the Asian-Pacific region as a whole. A replacement for Kunadze has apparently not yet been named. -Stephen Foye SOLDIERS AND CIVILIANS SPAR OVER NUCLEAR DUMPING. First Deputy CINC of the Russian Navy Admiral Igor Kasatonov, on a visit to the Far Eastern city of Vladivostok, was quoted by ITAR-TASS and KYODO on 29 October as saying that the Pacific Fleet would probably continue to dump radioactive liquid waste into the Sea of Japan because authorities in Moscow recognized the need for the dumping. A day later, according to Interfax, the head of the Pacific Maritime territorial administration, Evgenii Nazdratenko, demurred, claiming that there was another way to solve the problem: by dumping the wastes into the open ocean, rather than into the Sea of Japan. Also on 30-November, Pacific Fleet commander Admiral Georgii Gurinov said that, while he would await the go-ahead from Moscow, dumping would have to be resumed because of the inevitable opposition by Far Eastern residents to storage of the nuclear waste materials on land, KYODO reported. That same day Norway's Foreign Minister, on an official visit to Tokyo, condemned Russia's dumping operations in the Sea of Japan and criticized Russia for its refusal to allow international inspections of its nuclear waste disposal facilities. On 4-November AFP reported that a joint Russian-Japanese inquiry into the effects of liquid nuclear waste dumping had been postponed until early next year. -Stephen Foye AUSTERITY PACKAGE PREPARED FOR IMF. Finance Minister Boris Fedorov told a news conference on 4 November that the government has approved his ministry's draft plan for economic policy through the end of 1994, Russian and Western agencies reported. The package is to be submitted to the International Monetary Fund in the hope of receiving the second half of the IMF's $3-billion systemic transformation facility before the end of 1993 plus a further $3 billion in standby credit. The plan envisages reducing monthly inflation to 15% by January 1994 and to 2-5% by December 1994. The budget deficit is to be kept below 10% of GDP in 1993. Export quotas for non-energy related commodities will be scrapped by December 1993 and for energy related commodities during 1994. Export duties will be abolished in 1994, and import subsidies will be canceled effective 1 November 1994. (Previous commitments to the IMF have not been met). -Keith Bush TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA RUSSIAN TROOPS LAND IN POTI. A first wave of some 200 Russian paratroopers landed in Poti on 4-November to guard railway lines and roads in western Georgia against attack from troops loyal to ousted president Zviad Gamsakhurdia, Western agencies reported. In New York, the UN Security Council reiterated its call for adherence to the Abkhaz ceasefire and decided to continue its observer mission in Abkhazia, according to an RFE/RL correspondent. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Boris Pastukhov told Abkhaz officials in Moscow on 4 November that Russia will lift sanctions on Abkhazia only when human rights violations are ended and refugees permitted to return, Interfax reported. UN special envoy for Abkhazia Eduard Brunner is scheduled to arrive in Moscow on 5 November for "working consultations" on the Abkhaz situation, ITAR-TASS reported. -Liz Fuller UZBEK JOURNALISTS ON TRIAL. Four members of the staff of Erk, the banned newspaper of the main Uzbek opposition party, went on trial in Tashkent on 3-November on charges of abusing private property, falsifying documents and receiving stolen goods, according to a correspondent for RFE/RL's Uzbek BD. The four men do not have legal representation; all four have denied the charges against them. -Liz Fuller TAJIKISTAN TO HOLD REFERENDUM ON NEW CONSTITUTION? IN AN INTERVIEW GIVEN TO ITAR-TASS ON 29 OCTOBER, TAJIK DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER RUSTAM MIRZOEV AFFIRMED THAT THE ADOPTION OF A NEW CONSTITUTION IS AN ESSENTIAL PRECONDITION FOR THE BUILDING OF A TRULY DEMOCRATIC STATE AND FOR THE TRANSITION TO A MARKET ECONOMY, BUT THAT TAJIKISTAN WOULD NOT "BLINDLY COPY" EITHER WESTERN OR EASTERN MODELS. He estimated that a draft constitution would be completed by the end of this year, after which its "basic postulates" on human rights, state structures, and property rights could be submitted to a nation-wide referendum in early 1994. Also on 29-October, the UN Security Council released an appeal by Tajik President Imomali Rakhmonov to UN Secretary-General Boutros Ghali for the convening of a Security Council session to discuss the ongoing clashes on the Tajik-Afghan frontier, ITAR-TASS reported. -Liz Fuller CIS UKRAINE TO KEEP SS-19 MISSILES UNTIL COMPENSATED FOR TACTICAL WARHEADS. Deputy foreign minister Borys Tarasyuk said in an interview with Holos Ukrainy that Ukraine would not deliver a single deactivated SS-19 missile to Russia until Russia, Ukraine and the US resolved the issue of compensation for Ukraine's tactical nuclear weapons, ITAR-TASS reported on 3-November. According to the deputy chief of the commission for armaments and disarmament of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Volodymyr Balashov, since Russia has refused to extend the definition of Ukraine's "nuclear arsenal" to include tactical weapons already delivered to Russia, Ukraine is not obligated to carry out the terms in the Massandra agreement pertaining to the delivery of its nuclear weapons to Russia. So far not a single legal document has been worked out which addresses the issue of tactical weapons between Ukraine and Russia, UNIAN reported on 2 November. -Ustina Markus CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE CROATIA REPORTS CEASEFIRE DEAL. According to reports carried by Croatian TV on 4-November, representatives from the Croatian army and rebel Serb forces defending the self-proclaimed Republic of Serbian Krajina have reached a ceasefire deal. The agreement was reportedly signed in the town of Osijek, in eastern Croatia, and is to take effect in and around Osijek on 7 November, at noon local time. According to the TV reports, the deal was negotiated and signed in the presence of UNPROFOR officials. However, Reuters reports on 4-November that representatives from UNPROFOR have been unable to confirm any involvement with the ceasefire signing. Meanwhile, on 5 November Reuters reports that UN and Serbian officials allege that Croats have been abducting Serbs from Krajina for the purpose of using them in prisoner exchanges. Milivoj Tomas, in charge of Croatia's relations with UNPROFOR, has dismissed such allegations, calling them "fabrications by the Serb side." -Stan Markotich BOSNIA UPDATE. According to Western agencies, at least several hundred Bosnian Muslim troops entered the central Bosnian town of Vares on 4 November. This latest action follows a massive withdrawal of an estimated 15,000 Croatian troops, which pulled out of the city and the surrounding areas on 3 November. Initially, the Muslim forces were well received by the local population, which is predominantly Muslim. However, subsequent reports suggest that the Muslim troops are robbing and looting and even sacked a warehouse holding relief supplies. Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic said the troops entered the city as "a preventative measure" to protect the Muslim population from Croat forces. -Stan Markotich ARKAN THREATENS TO EXPEL "DISLOYAL" ALBANIANS FROM KOSOVO . . . Zeljko Raznatovic "Arkan," a Serb nationalist paramilitary leader and Party of Serbian Unity representative to the federal parliament from Kosovo, said at a press conference in Pristina that "in the course of 50 years the communists settled Albanian immigrants [in Kosovo] and thus created a nation artificially." He went on to say that "Albanians who are loyal to Serbia and who look to Belgrade are welcome," but added in reference to next month's legislative elections: "if I get power in Kosovo, all those who look to Tirana must pack their suitcases and go back to Albania." Borba carried the report on 3 November. Arkan is internationally wanted as a war-criminal for his activities in Croatia, Bosnia, and the Sandzak, but has more recently established his power base in Kosovo, which has a majority of at least 90% ethnic Albanians. He and his supporters have sought to taunt the Albanians with nationalist rhetoric and symbols. -Fabian Schmidt . . . WHILE PANIC URGES SERBIAN-ALBANIAN DIALOGUE. Elsewhere, former Yugoslav Prime Minister Milan Panic said that the Serbs made the Kosovo problem themselves, Rilindja reports on 2 November. Panic, whose brief period in office in 1992 witnessed some improvement in the atmosphere of Serbian-Albanian relations, called for further talks between the Serbian government and the Kosovar Albanian leadership. Most of the latter plan to boycott the elections in December unless some basic freedoms are restored in Kosovo, but the Serbian opposition would like the Albanians to join progressive Serbs in voting against President Slobodan Milosevic's candidates and other nationalists, including Arkan. Kosovo's Albanians have generally presented a politically united front to the outside world, but recently some leaders such as Veton Surroi have begun to question openly the wisdom of boycotting Serbian public life indefinitely. Many observers have speculated that a solid Albanian turn-out for Panic in his contest against Milosevic for the Serbian presidency could have tipped the scales in Panic's favor. -Fabian Schmidt SOLIDARITY REFUSES TALKS WITH GOVERNMENT . . . Solidarity announced on 3-November that it will not participate in negotiations with the new government until the status of previous agreements with the union is clarified, PAP reports. The Solidarity leadership rejected a request from the new labor minister, Leszek Miller, for a meeting in Gdansk on 5 November. Solidarity Chairman Marian Krzaklewski said the union does not rule out a meeting with Miller but wants an explicit statement on the status of the "pact on state firms" and other agreements. He also criticized the government for taking a piecemeal approach to the legislative package designed to implement the "pact." -Louisa Vinton . . . WHILE OPZZ DEMANDS WAGE HIKES. Meanwhile, Premier Waldemar Pawlak met with Ewa Spychalska, chairman of the former official OPZZ trade union federation, on 3-November. Although the OPZZ is a member of the Democratic Left Alliance (SLD), the dominant force in both the parliament and the ruling coalition, the federation has already tried to distance itself from government policy. The meeting was reportedly cordial, and Pawlak pledged to consult the trade unions on policy decisions. However, Spychalska said afterwards that the new government's decision to postpone until January 1994 a promised pay increase for teachers, health care workers, and other budget sector employees is "unacceptable." Pawlak blamed the outgoing government for the delay in implementing the wage raises. -Louisa Vinton POLISH PARTIES REGROUP FOR LOCAL ELECTIONS. The big losers in the September parliamentary elections are seeking alliances or mergers in an attempt to preserve a political existence and regain some ground in the local government elections scheduled for 1994. The Liberal Democratic Congress (KLD), which failed to clear the 5% Sejm threshold, announced on 4 November that it is prepared to merge with the Democratic Union (UD) on one condition: that the UD agree to form an entirely new, "middle-class" party, from the bottom up, and not simply absorb the KLD into its ranks. The UD leadership invited the KLD to join forces in October, but left-wing UD members opposed the idea. Also on 4 November, the right-wing Center Alliance accepted a coalition offer from the Christian National Union (ZChN). Neither party won seats in the Sejm, although they together controlled about 10% of the vote. Meanwhile, the Gdansk branches of the UD, KLD and Conservative Party (which was allied with the ZChN in the Sejm elections) formed an electoral coalition on 4 November. The local government elections are shaping up as a crucial test of strength for the opposition parties. Government officials have indicated that they intend to postpone any further devolution of power to local government bodies until after new elections, in which the two "postcommunist" parties expect to win majorities. The last local elections were held in 1990. -Louisa Vinton CZECH PREMIER IN FRANCE. Vaclav Klaus arrived in Paris on 4 November to meet French officials. After his meeting with French Prime Minister Edouard Balladur, Klaus downplayed Czech-French differences over Balladur's recent plan for a European security pact. CTK reports Klaus as saying that he was satisfied with the explanation of the French plan, but that he was still taking a reserved stand on it. Balladur and Klaus decided to form a French-Czech group, which would discuss the plan "to ensure there are no misunderstandings." The Czech premier also met with French President Francois Mitterand, with whom he discussed Mitterand's proposal for a European confederation which would include both the members of the European Union and post-communist East European states. During a meeting with French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe, Klaus criticized the French stance on the GATT. At a meeting with representatives of French companies, Klaus said "the Czech Republic is the most successful of all post-communist countries," arguing that "its political, economic, and currency stability make the Czech republic a paradise for foreign investors." The Czech premier also said that it was not fair to accuse Eastern Europe of nationalist tendencies while Western Europe practices trade protectionism, which, in Klaus's opinion, "is also a form of nationalism." -Jiri Pehe KOVAC REQUESTS ASSOCIATE MEMBERSHIP IN NATO. On the second day of his Brussels visit, Slovak President Michal Kovac addressed NATO, TASR reports on 4 November. The president said his country agrees completely with the West's cultural and political views and called discussions about the "indefinite orientation" of Slovakia unfounded. Kovac requested formal associate membership in NATO and the WEU, saying "it is not possible to seek integration with the West only politically or economically." Kovac went on to say he believes the countries of the Visegrad Group should be integrated into Western organizations simultaneously. NATO Secretary General Manfred Woerner expressed his appreciation for the peaceful breakup of Czechoslovakia and for Slovakia's attempts to build a democratic state, but he ruled out associate membership in the alliance, Reuters reports. Instead, Woerner said, a "Partnership for Peace" plan is expected to be offered at the January summit. -Sharon Fisher SLOVAK FOREIGN TRADE. According to a 4 November report of the Slovak Statistical Office, the EC countries are Slovakia's biggest trading partners, excluding the Czech Republic. In the first six months of 1993 Slovakia registered a trade surplus of 2,617 billion koruny ($82 million) with the EC. During this period, imports from the EC totaled 15,012 billion koruny, 24% higher than in the same period last year, while Slovakia's exports to the EC totaled 17,629 billion koruny, showing a decline of 10%. Total Slovak exports sank 3.5% in the first six months of 1993 in relation to the same period of 1992. Of the EC nations, Germany is Slovakia's biggest trading partner, followed by Italy, France and Holland. -Sharon Fisher ROMANIA FORMALLY JOINS COUNCIL OF EUROPE. On 4 November Romania formally became the 32nd member state of the Council of Europe. Radio Bucharest featured live coverage of the event, which was marked by a flag-raising ceremony in Strasbourg. After the ceremony, Foreign Minister Teodor Melescanu signed the CE's anti-torture convention, which commits countries to allow inspections of prisons, police stations and psychiatric clinics without advance notice. Melescanu later attended the council's 93rd foreign ministers conference. The meeting ended with a communique saying that the council's members agree to intensify cooperation programs with East European countries in such areas as strengthening democratic institutions and human rights. -Dan Ionescu SOCIAL, ECONOMIC ISSUES UNDERMINE BULGARIAN GOVERNMENT. Deputy Premier Evgeni Matinchev acknowledged on 4 November that the Bulgarian cabinet is under considerable stress because of growing social and economic problems but said it is not going to resign. Matinchev told Reuters that the cabinet led by economic historian Lyuben Berov remains committed to its original program launched in January despite the fact that several blows to the economy, especially the effects of the UN embargo against rump Yugoslavia, has made implementation difficult. Most recently, the Bulgarian government was criticized for its refusal to index wages and pensions to inflation. Matinchev said it will be hard enough to find money to pay wages at all, let alone to offer indexation. He cited new statistics showing that during the first three quarters of 1993 only half of the expected state revenues were collected and that a growing number of enterprises are technically bankrupt. The Berov cabinet has lately been repeatedly attacked for failing to cooperate with international financial institutions and to fulfill its initial pledge to become "a government of privatization." -Kjell Engelbrekt UKRAINE ON NEW RUSSIAN MILITARY DOCTRINE. A spokeswoman from Ukraine's foreign ministry, Natalya Zarudna, told an RFE/RL correspondent on 4 November that the new Russian doctrine on the use of nuclear weapons has caused security concerns in Ukraine. According to the Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev, Russia will not use nuclear arms against a country which has no nuclear weapons of its own and has signed the NPT agreement. Ukraine possesses over 1,00 nuclear warheads and has not signed the NPT agreement. Although Zarudna said Ukraine still intends to dispose of its nuclear weapons, it could be some time before the country is nuclear free since it is still seeking security guarantees and financial aid in dismantling the weapons. -Ustina Markus FIVE HUNDRED CULT MEMBERS DETAINED IN KIEV. Police in Kiev have detained some 500 followers of the "White Brotherhood" sect who flocked into the capital for the celebration of "God on earth" and the resurrection of its leader, Maria Devi Khrystos, (formerly Maria Tsvyhun). The celebration, which was to be marked by the end of the world, the collective suicide of the cult's followers, and the ascension of Khrystos into heaven, was to begin on 1-November, UNIAN reported on 3 November. The cult is led by Yurii Krivinohov and Khrystos, both of whom are now in hiding. The cult's followers are mostly young people in Russia, Moldova, Belarus, Uzbekistan and Ukraine; in Kiev alone there are 2,200 adherents. So far the cult has been accused of 143 cases of swindling and 199 cases of squatting, and has been charged with encouraging suicide. An organization of parents of the cult's adherents, called "Salvation" (Poryatunok), has been trying to "deprogram" youths who have joined the sect. -Ustina Markus ANOTHER GAS AND OIL CUT OFF FOR BELARUS? REUTERS REPORTS ON 4 NOVEMBER THAT BELARUS FAILED TO MEET THE DEADLINE ON ITS FUEL PAYMENTS TO RUSSIA AND FACES HAVING ALL OIL AND GAS SUPPLIES CUT OFF. Leonid Zhakovich of the state planning commission told reporters that Belarus should have paid over $100-million for natural gas and another $36 million for oil by 1-November. In August Russia began cutting energy supplies to Belarus because of arrears on its debts; in October it supplied just 430,000 tons of oil, and the Russian firm Rozkontrakt said it would only supply 200,000 tons in November instead of 1 million. In an interview with Femida, Russian ambassador to Belarus Igor Saprykin said that while Russia does not want to lose Belarus as a "partner, neighbor, friend," it is not prepared to support it, or any other republic, economically, Radiefakt reported on 3 November. -Ustina Markus MOLDOVA DAMAGED BY RUSSIAN ECONOMIC PRESSURE. Moldovan President Mircea Snegur and Parliament Vice-Chairman Victor Puscasu told ITAR-TASS and Interfax on 4 and 2 November, respectively, that the excise and value added taxes imposed in August by Russia on agricultural imports from Moldova (a non-CIS state) cost Moldova more than 40 billion rubles in lost exports-damage equal to that caused by last year's drought. That drought necessitated international relief and set back Moldova's economic reform plans which recently won the praise of donor states and international financial institutions. The new, prohibitive Russian tariffs played a major role in pressuring Chisinau into the decision to join the CIS Economic Union and ratify Moldova's membership of the CIS, but the economic damage inflicted on Moldova in the process again endangers the implementation of reform plans. -Vladimir Socor LITHUANIAN-RUSSIAN SUMMIT "CONSTRUCTIVE." In 4 November press conference, Lithuanian President Algirdas Brazauskas described his meeting with Russian President Boris Yeltsin as constructive and as a new step in relations between the two countries. He said that the presidents of Estonia and Latvia would also like to have the opportunity to improve relations with Russia. Initial Russian and Baltic agency reports indicate that the two heads of state discussed 20 draft agreements, some of which were initialed. Nine agreements on economic cooperation are expected to be signed when Russian Premier Boris Chernomyrdin visits Lithuania later this month, probably on 15 and 16-November. Brazauskas expressed satisfaction over the withdrawal of Russian troops from his country, and explained that an accord on Russian transit rights through Lithuania to Kaliningrad has been drafted and may be signed by Chernomyrdin in mid-November. -Dzintra Bungs LITHUANIA, EBRD TO ESTABLISH NEW INVESTMENT BANK. Baltic media report on 4-November that the EBRD and the Lithuanian government have drawn up plans to establish an investment bank in Lithuania. The EBRD will hold 35% of the shares, and the Lithuanian government the remaining 65%. The new bank's fixed assets will reportedly total 5 million ecus, and the North Investment Bank is to be the principal source of the credit resources. Ulf Hindstrom, vice president of the North Investment Bank, said his bank's goal is to grant long-term credits to the private sector in Lithuania. -Dzintra Bungs TALLINN CITY COUNCIL PICKS ITS LEADERS. BNS reports on 4 November that the Tallinn city council elected chairman of its 11 commissions. The chairman of the foreign relations commission was not elected. The majority of the new chairmen are Estonians, and include such well known politicians as Arnold Ruutel as chairman of the culture commission and Tiit Vahi as chairman of the finance commission. Viktor Pkopolyakoff was elected chairman of the social affairs commission, while Margarita Chernogorova, a council member on the Russian Revel ticket, and Sergei Kuznetsov failed to be elected. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Ustina Markus and Sharon Fisher THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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