|I'm going to turn on the light, and we'll be two people in a room looking at each other and wondering why on earth we were afraid of the dark. - Gale Wilhelm|
No. 200, 18 October 1993
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc. RUSSIA YELTSIN DECREES CONSTITUTIONAL REFERENDUM. President Boris Yeltsin announced during an interview on Russian TV "Vesti" on 15 October that the new draft constitution of the Russian Federation will be put to referendum on 12 December (the date of elections to a new parliament). The version of the constitution to be put to referendum will be that approved by the president's Constitutional Assembly. The text of this new constitution, which is still undergoing revision, will be published by 10 November. The text of Yeltsin's decree was carried by ITAR-TASS on 16-October. Voters will be asked simply: "Do you accept the Constitution of the Russian Federation?" Earlier in the month it had been thought that the new parliament would debate and adopt the new constitution. -Wendy Slater SIMPLE MAJORITY TO SUFFICE FOR ADOPTION OF CONSTITUTION. According to the statute on the referendum on the constitution scheduled for 12 December 1993, issued by ITAR-TASS on 15 October, the constitution will be considered adopted if at least 50-percent of the electorate vote and over 50 percent of those voting vote in favor. In other words, the motion could be carried by a "yes" vote of just over 25 percent of the electorate. There is no requirement that the motion must be approved by a given number of regions or republics. -Ann Sheehy PARLIAMENT'S LEADERS CHARGED. The leaders of the disbanded parliament, in prison since their arrest on 4 October, have been charged under article 79 of the Criminal Code with "organizing mass disturbances with severe consequences," Petersburg TV reported on 15-October. Those charged are parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov; ex-Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi; the rival Security, Interior, and Defense Ministers appointed by the parliament: Viktor Barannikov, Andrei Dunaev, and Vladislav Achalov respectively; and Viktor Anpilov, leader of the banned "Working Russia" and the Russian Communist Workers' Party, which were participants in the demonstrations on 3 October. Aleksandr Barkashov, the leader of another proscribed party, Russian National Unity, is still on the run. Interfax reported that Barannikov, at least, will plead not guilty. -Wendy Slater YELTSIN NOT SIGNING CONTROVERSIAL DECREE. President Yeltsin told Russian TV "Vesti" on 15-October that he will not sign a controversial decree on hardening presidential rule in the country. A draft of the decree "On Measures to Secure Law and Order for the Period of the Gradual Implementation of Constitutional Reform" had been published before in the Russian press (see: RFE/RL Daily Report no. 198.) It would have limited a number of civil rights and widened the influence of the "power" ministries. Yeltsin indicated that he may sign the decree in a different form. -Alexander Rahr RUSSIA'S CHOICE MEETS. At its founding conference, the democratic bloc "Russia' choice" selected its candidates for parliamentary elections, ITAR-TASS reported on 18 October. Since President Boris Yeltsin had decreed earlier that government ministers may run for elections, the bloc chose First Deputy Prime Minister Egor Gaidar as its top candidate. First Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Shumeiko said that the bloc may transform itself into a ruling party. Yeltsin did not attend the conference and his spokesman, Vyacheslav Kostikov, stated that Yeltsin is not considering joining any parties because he does not want to link himself with a particular political group. The Movement "Democratic Russia" joined "Russia's choice" on the condition that it remains a bloc and will not become a party. -Alexander Rahr YELTSIN'S SUPPORTERS SPEAK AGAINST EARLIER PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS. Addressing a founding congress of the "Russia's choice" bloc, Vladimir Shumeiko said there was no need to hold earlier presidential elections in June, as proposed by president Yeltsin. In turn, Egor Gaidar told the congress that earlier presidential elections were "a matter for discussion," ITAR-TASS and Radio Rossii reported on 16 October. ITAR-TASS also quoted chief of the presidential apparatus Sergei Filatov as saying that earlier presidential elections were proposed by Yeltsin as a compromise "under pressure from certain forces." But he said those forces were gone now, so more thought would have to be given to whether earlier presidential elections were needed. -Vera Tolz SHAKHRAI'S PARTY HOLDS CONGRESS. The founding Congress of the Party for Russian Unity and Concord was held in Novgorod, Radio Mayak reported on 16-October. A number of regional politicians attended the congress. Participants of the congress spoke out against forming a coalition with "Russia' choice." The Party of Russian Unity and Concord stands for a decentralized Russian state and will support regional representatives for parliamentary elections. The leader of the party, Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Shakhrai, said in his speech that Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin and First Deputy Prime Minister Oleg Soskovets-two leading centrists-will cooperate with his party. The congress was also attended by Deputy Prime Minister Aleksandr Shokhin and presidential advisor Sergei Stankevich. -Alexander Rahr MILITARY PROCUREMENT ORDERS TO RISE? THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE HAS ASKED FOR A 50% INCREASE IN MILITARY PROCUREMENT ORDERS IN 1994. This was disclosed by Sergei Vasiliev, the head of the Center for Economic Reform, in an interview with the Christian Science Monitor of 15 October. The projected jump in defense orders would follow a reported 67% decline in military procurements in 1992 and an anticipated 10% increase in 1993. The military-industrial complex is expected to gain all or most of this increase in the light of the army's key role in resolving the power crisis. -Keith Bush KOZYREV ON POLICIES. In an interview with Interfax published on 15 October, Russian Foreign Minister Kozyrev said, "let's wait and see," when asked about the influence of the military establishment on Russian politics. He said the source of Yeltsin's power comes from the people's mandate and not from the military. In response to a question about East European membership in NATO, Kozyrev reiterated Russia's dual stance-that Russia recognizes these states' sovereignty but does not support their admission to NATO. Kozyrev also linked the question of NATO membership to the ethnic conflicts in the former Soviet Union, asking how Polish membership in NATO would help to settle local conflicts in Abkhazia or in Yugoslavia, for that matter. Kozyrev indicated that with the entry of the new Russian legislature into power, some shifts in Russian foreign policy were possible. -Suzanne Crow TOKYO PROTESTS RUSSIAN NUCLEAR DUMPING. Only days after the conclusion of a ground-breaking visit by Boris Yeltsin to Tokyo, senior Japanese government officials on 17-18 October protested what they believe is the resumed dumping by the Russian navy of radioactive waste in the Sea of Japan. According to Russian and Western news agencies, the environmental group Greenpeace first raised the alarm on 16 October when one of its vessels discovered the Russian naval convoy heading toward the dumpsite. Japanese Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa was quoted on 18 October as saying that Tokyo found the dumping "extremely regrettable," and that it intended to lodge a protest with the Russian government. The dumping would appear to violate the 1983 London Convention and assurances reportedly given by Moscow to Tokyo that such dumping would not take place. It also raises at least the possibility that Russian naval commanders, or other forces in Russia opposed to making concessions on the Kurils Islands dispute, acted independently in hopes of cooling recently improved relations between the two countries. -Stephen Foye TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA GAMSAKHURDIA SUPPORTERS TAKE SAMTREDIA. On 17 October the private army of ousted president Zviad Gamsakhurdia launched a surprise offensive against the strategic rail junction of Samtredia, which had been subjected to artillery bombardment for several days, and took the town after fierce fighting in which numerous government troops and civilians were killed, Western agencies reported. Georgian National Guard Commander Dzhemal Chumburidze attributed the fall of Samtredia to lack of discipline among Georgian government troops; parliament chairman Eduard Shevardnadze has ordered all available reinforcements to Kutaisi. Also on 17 October, Gamsakhurdia's troops launched a new attack on the town of Khoni, which they had ceded to government troops on 15 October; according to Tbilisi Radio, the town was still in government control late on 17 October. -Liz Fuller UKRAINIAN AIR CREWS EVACUATING GEORGIAN REFUGEES. Ukrainian helicopter crews, at the request of Georgian Parliament Chairman Eduard Shevardnadze, have begun helping evacuate some 7,000 refugees from Abkhazia, Reuters reported on 14 October. The refugees are being flown to Kutaisi in Georgia. Shevardnadze has twice asked Ukraine to mediate in Georgia's dispute with Abkhazia's separatists. -Ustina Markus TURKEY OFFERS RUSSIA USE OF BLACK SEA PORT. At the opening session of a meeting of the Russian-Turkish Business Council in Sochi on 16 October, which was attended by 120-Turkish and 200 Russian businessmen, Russian representatives offered Turkey cooperation in the sphere of military technology, in particular placing Turkish military orders at Russian defense plants. Turkey offered Russia, which currently has no outlet to the Black Sea, use of port facilities at Trabzon for the transit shipment of merchandise intended for Russian cities, RIA reported on 16 October. -Liz Fuller RAFSANJANI TO TASHKENT. On 18 October Iranian President Ali-Akbar Rafsanjani is to travel to Tashkent on the first stop of a nine-day tour of Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan as head of a delegation of some 200 government officials and businessmen, Western agencies reported. Reuters quoted the Iranian Ambassador to Uzbekistan as affirming that the aim of the visit is to strengthen economic, political, and cultural relations; he stressed that "we are not going to proselytize our religious ideas." Rafsanjani is expected to sign agreements on trade, cultural agreements and transport cooperation in all three countries. -Liz Fuller UZBEKISTAN JOINS IFC. On 15 October Uzbekistan became the ninth former Soviet republic to join the International Finance Corporation, the branch of the World Bank that deals with the private sector. Speaking at a press conference in Tashkent, IFC executive vice-president Sir William Ryrie said that the IFC would assist the Uzbek government in drawing up policies to attract foreign investment and arrange financing for joint ventures in the mineral, oil, gas, tourism and agro-industrial sectors, according to an RFE/RL correspondent. Concluding a visit to Tashkent during which he signed agreements on cultural and diplomatic exchanges and on tax breaks, on 16 October British Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Douglas Hogg noted that "there are large commercial opportunities in Uzbekistan" given its natural resources and the fact that the country is solvent, Reuters reported. -Liz Fuller CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE SERBS RESUME SHELLING OF SARAJEVO. On 16-October, Bosnian Serb artillery resumed the shelling of Sarajevo, killing at least 12 civilians, international media report. Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic protested the shelling in a letter to the UN Security Council. He also called for the holding of a Balkan Conference that would "globally" tackle the region's problems. The renewed attack comes one week after Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic said his forces would launch no new attacks on the besieged city. Meanwhile, Bosnian Muslims continued to fight each other in the northwestern Bosnian enclave of Cazinska Krajina, known as the Bihac Pocket. Radio Croatia reports on 16-October that government troops recaptured the town of Cazin from rebel Muslim forces loyal to Fikret Abdic, who proclaimed the region's autonomy on 27-September. -Milan Andrejevich NO CONFIDENCE VOTE IN SERBIA? A VOTE OF NO CONFIDENCE IN THE SOCIALIST GOVERNMENT OF NIKOLA SAINOVIC COULD TAKE PLACE ON 18 OCTOBER, BELGRADE MEDIA REPORT. Debate in the 250-seat Serbian parliament on a motion by the Serbian Radical Party (SRS) to oust the government began on 7 October. More than 100 deputies have taken the floor and mutual recriminations between government supporters and the opposition have dominated the proceedings. 126 votes are needed to pass the no-confidence vote. The SRS and the opposition coalition DEPOS, whose largest party is the Serbian Renewal Movement, have a total of 123 votes. On 14-October, deputies of the coalition bloc DEPOS threatened to support the dismissal motion unless Interior Minister Zoran Sokolovic resigns. DEPOS accused Sokolovic of widespread acts of repression. Sokolovic apologized in parliament but DEPOS deputies retorted that his statement is not enough and does not solve the problem of police brutality and increased crime. -Milan Andrejevich TUDJMAN REAFFIRMS GRIP ON POLITICS. The second convention of the ruling Croatian Democratic Community (HDZ) overwhelmingly reelected Franjo Tudjman as party president on 16 October, reaffirming his political control despite discontent over economic woes and Serb rebels. Tudjman also demonstrated his personal power within the party and his quest for a more democratic image by leaning on right-wing hard-liners such as Vice Premier Vladimir Seks and Branimir Glavas to withdraw their candidacies for the HDZ executive body in favor of moderates. Elected as the five vice presidents were Mate Granic, Gojko Susak (the only hard-liner of the group), Franjo Greguric, Nikica Valentic, and Marijan Sunjic, while Djuro Brodarac, Djuro Decak, Antun Vrdoljak, Hrvoje Hitrec, and Ivic Pasalic were elected Presidium members. A new party program was also adopted and all other central party bodies were dissolved. The new program defines the HDZ as a "Christian democratic party," according to Radio Croatia. The party reaffirmed commitments to privatizing the economy and toward renewing UN-mediated talks with the Serbs before resorting to war to regain territory. -Milan Andrejevich GREECE WITHDRAWS FROM TALKS WITH MACEDONIA. Andreas Papandreou, Greece's newly elected prime minister, has categorically refused to continue UN-sponsored talks with the Republic of Macedonia on the official name of the new state, AFP reports. How the Greek action will affect bilateral relations is unclear. MILS reports that the Papandreou government has issued a protest to Beijing over the Chinese government's recent decision to recognize Macedonia under the name Republic of Macedonia. The Greek press has sharply criticized China's move. -Duncan Perry SUCHOCKA RESIGNS, WALESA TO NAME PAWLAK. President Lech Walesa accepted the resignation of Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka and her cabinet on 18 October, reports PAP. His office announced that he will name the coalition's candidate, Polish Peasant Party (PSL) leader Waldemar Pawlak, as prime minister later in the day. Gazeta Wyborcza had speculated on 16 October that Walesa was stalling in order to win concessions from the coalition on the three ministries over which he has the right of general supervision: defense, internal affairs, and foreign affairs. The paper also reported that the PSL and the Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) have yet to resolve their differences over which party is to get control over the public administration and certain vital economic ministries, including finance and labor. -Louisa Vinton POLISH SENATE HOLDS INAUGURAL SESSION. The upper house of the Polish parliament elected Adam Struzik of the Polish Peasant Party (PSL) as Senate speaker during its opening session on 15 October, PAP reports. The vote was 87 to 6 with 5 abstentions. Struzik, a 36-year-old physician, runs a regional hospital in Plock; he is a member of the Solidarity trade union. The PSL was granted control over the Senate speaker's post as part of the coalition agreement with the Democratic Left Alliance (SLD). The coalition parties together control 73 of 100 Senate seats but took pains to ensure that the other parties represented in the Senate won a place in the leadership. The three deputy speaker's posts went to: Ryszard Czarny (SLD), Stefan Jurczak (Solidarity, 9-seats), and Zofia Kuratowska (Democratic Union, 4-seats). -Louisa Vinton US COURT ACQUITS POLISH ARMS DEALERS. A New York jury handed down a "not guilty" verdict on 15-October in the trial of five Polish citizens accused of conspiring to smuggle arms to Iraq, PAP reports. The Poles, four of them former high-ranking communist officials, were arrested in March 1992 in Frankfurt in a "sting" operation run by US customs agents. The Poles contended that the arms were bound for the Philippines rather than Iraq. Despite repeated protests by the Polish government, Germany extradited five of the Poles to the US in November. The sixth, a deputy director of the Lucznik arms plant, was returned to Poland for health reasons; he won a Senate seat in the 1993 elections. During the trial, the Polish foreign ministry twice interceded with "friend of the court" briefs, arguing that the US did not have jurisdiction in the case. Several of the defendants were nonetheless critical of the government's efforts. On their return to Warsaw on 17 October, the five Poles were greeted at the airport by the prime minister's press secretary and Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski. They were later received by newly-elected Sejm Speaker Jozef Oleksy. -Louisa Vinton KLAUS ON NATO, WESTERN TRADE. Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus ended his visit to the US on 16-October and flew to Guatemala, where he met with Vice President Artur Herbruger Asturias. On 17 October, Klaus began a five-day visit of Mexico. Before leaving the US, Klaus told reporters on 15 October that the US supports, in principle, the Czech Republic's desire to become a member of NATO, but that he and Vice President Al Gore agreed that this would be "a long and complex process." Klaus also said that his country is ready to join NATO but that he does not think that Russia should be considered for the alliance. Klaus argued that NATO should include "stable democracies, clearly defined countries." He said he is not sure Russia is one or will be in the future. Klaus also urged Western countries to open their markets to former communist countries instead of giving them aid. -Jiri Pehe HAVEL HOLDS TALKS WITH KOHL. On 15 October Czech President Vaclav Havel met with German Chancellor Helmut Kohl in the German city of Speyer, CTK reports. Czech media report Havel's one-day "private visit" was initiated by Kohl in the spring of 1993. After his return, Havel told journalists that he discussed bilateral relations with Kohl, including the controversial issues of Czech policy toward the expelled Sudeten Germans and German compensation for Czech victims of Nazism. Havel said that Kohl supports the "continuation and intensification of informal talks" between the two sides, but that such a dialogue is not a precondition for the compensation of Czech victims of Nazism. Havel also said that Kohl strongly favors the quick admission of the Czech Republic into the EC and NATO. -Jan Obrman HUNGARIAN PRIME MINISTER UNDERGOES OPERATION. Hungarian Prime Minister Jozsef Antall, who suffers from Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, underwent a blood cell transplant operation on 14 October in Cologne, MTI and AFP reported on 15 October. Antall received intensive chemotherapy before the operation. Antall's doctor reported that the prime minister was in satisfactory condition. The next report on Antall's health is expected in ten days. The fact that an operation was necessary, despite reports to the contrary released just a few weeks ago, suggests that Antall's condition has deteriorated. -Judith Pataki FIRST MIG-29S ARRIVE IN HUNGARY. On 15 October, eight MiG-29 fighter jets arrived at a rural base in Kecskemet, 80 kilometers southeast of Budapest, MTI reported. The jets are the first of the 28 Soviet-designed MiG-29s that Russia is handing over to Hungary as partial settlement of the former Soviet debt. Hungarian Defense Minister Lajos Fur, who was present at the arrival ceremony, said that he hopes that the aircraft will never have to be used in combat. Fur also denied that Hungary is rearming. -Judith Pataki HUNGARIAN ECONOMIC NEWS. Data released by the Central Statistical Office on 15 October show the consumer price index rose 2.9% in September, bringing the yearly price rise to 23%. The September jump in prices followed a period of relatively low inflation between May and August this year. In July, for example, prices rose only 0.3%. In a separate economic report, Minister without Portfolio Tamas Szabo, who is in charge of privatization, told MTI on 14-October that the government plans to launch a large-scale privatization program for small investors and for people with compensation vouchers. As part of the program, the government plans to privatize 70 enterprises and release some 100 billion forint worth of stocks. -Judith Pataki SLOVAK PREMIER VISITS ROME. Vladimir Meciar arrived in Rome for an official visit on 17 October, TASR reports. The first day of his trip included a visit to the Slovak Institute of St. Cyril and St. Methodius, which was celebrating its 30th anniversary. Meciar is scheduled to meet with Italian President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, Italian Premier Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, and Cardinal Angelo Sodano, a senior official at the Vatican. -Sharon Fisher MINORITIES CONFERENCE IN BRATISLAVA. The 18th Conference on National Minorities was concluded in Bratislava on 17 October, TASR reports. The conference was attended by over 140 delegates representing ethnic minorities in Italy, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia and was aimed at evaluating the development of culture and the preservation of national identity for minority groups in Central Europe. Meanwhile, Parliament Chairman Ivan Gasparovic met in Washington with US Congressman Steny Hoyer to discuss human rights in Slovakia. The two discussed a recent US Senate report, which negatively assessed the treatment of ethnic minorities in Slovakia. -Sharon Fisher EC PLEDGES SUPPORT FOR ROMANIAN REFORMS. The European Community pledged support for Romania's free market reforms and promised to help it move toward eventual EC membership, Radio Bucharest and Reuters reported on 14 October. Alain Mayhew, head of an EC delegation to Bucharest, said at the same time that Romania must back this support through "its own efforts" to implement reforms. He spoke at a meeting of a joint Romanian-EC committee assessing the state of the country's economy. In a related development, a spokesman for the Foreign Ministry said on 14 October that Cocom president F.A. Engering will begin a four day visit to Romania on 17 October and that Bucharest hopes for further concessions on strategic Western imports. Romania benefited from a first stage of liberalization of Cocom's strategic exports last January. -Michael Shafir JAILED ROMANIAN COMMUNISTS APPEAL FOR PARDON. Seventeen former communist party leaders serving jail terms for complicity in mass murder have asked the Romanian parliament to pardon them. The general secretary of the Chamber of Deputies told an RFE/RL correspondent on 15 October that a letter requesting pardons had been received from the convicts. They said they were "old and worn out" and that the pardoning of "political prisoners," as they called themselves, would serve national unity and improve Romania's image abroad. The signers of the letter include former Foreign Minister Stefan Andrei, former chief ideologist Dumitru Popescu, and former Trade Minister Ana Muresan. They and fourteen others are serving prison terms of up to sixteen years for complicity in the attempt to suppress the revolt that led to the overthrow of the Ceausescu regime. -Michael Shafir EXTREMIST ROMANIAN GROUP PLANS VIOLENCE. An extremist group calling itself Gypsy Skinners is planning a campaign of violence against Romania's gypsies, Reuters reported on 15 October, quoting the daily Evenimentul zilei. The group was set up in the Black Sea port of Constanta. A leader said the group plans to "skin the Gypsies," "take their eyeballs out, smash their teeth, and cut off their noses," and that there will also be "some hangings." A similar organization, modeled on the Ku Klux Klan, surfaced in June in the city of Ploiesti. -Michael Shafir KOZYREV SUGGESTS CONTINUITY IN RUSSIA'S MOLDOVA POLICY. At a news conference on 15-October, as requested by Moldova's embassy in Moscow, Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev elaborated on his recent distinction between the Dniester "criminals" who fought in the Moscow rebellion and the "real defenders of Dniester interests." According to Interfax, Kozyrev said that people in Transdniester, "concerned over Chisinau's failure to take into account the region's specific traits...have the lawful right to protect their interests, preferably without the use of arms, of course." Blaming the Dniester conflict "partly on our Moldovan friends' early mistakes," Kozyrev declined to compare Tiraspol's and Chisinau's respective positions on reforms and on the recent events in Russia, and called for a "special status" for the Dniester region within Moldova, without mentioning Chisinau's position. Kozyrev's reply will disappoint Moldovans who had hoped for a change in Moscow's position after Tiraspol assisted the rebellion while Chisinau supported Yeltsin. -Vladimir Socor RUSSIAN TROOP WITHDRAWALS FROM LITHUANIA, LATVIA. Col. Stasys Knezys told the press on 14 October that Russian troop withdrawals from Lithuania are proceeding more quickly than anticipated. He said that all but 40 Russian officers and soldiers have left the Lithuanian port of Klaipeda and that about 130 Russian servicemen are still in Lithuania guarding ammunition. He noted, however, some delays in the transfer of military factories and a hospital in Vilnius to Lithuanian authorities. Another round of negotiations on the withdrawal of the 18,000 Russian troops still in Latvia is to open in Moscow on 18 October. Swedish Prime Minister Carl Bildt told his Latvian counterpart Valdis Birkavs in Stockholm on 15 October that a quick pullout of Russian troops from Latvia would be a major confidence-building signal and that Sweden must make it clear to Moscow that the time has come to withdraw the troops, Baltic and Western media reported. -Dzintra Bungs 9,000 CANDIDATES IN ESTONIAN LOCAL ELECTIONS. On 17 October, 8,738 candidates contended for 3,427 seats on 12 city councils and 241 district councils. Final results are not yet available. 870,041 persons had registered to vote; of these, about 80% are citizens and 20% permanent residents of Estonia. These are the first local elections held in Estonia since it regained independence in 1991. Because the law requires that elected officials be Estonian citizens, 14 candidates-all members of the Russian Assembly-requested and were quickly granted Estonian citizenship before the elections, Aleksey Semyonov of the Russian Assembly told BNS on 15 October. -Dzintra Bungs ELECTION CAMPAIGN BEGINS IN CRIMEA. With parliamentary elections in the autonomous republic of Crimea set for 27 March, and presidential elections set for 16 January, the parliament has amended its election laws, Ukrinform reported on 14 October. After heated debates, new quotas were set for the representation of Crimea's "deported" peoples. Deputies agreed to establish four national election districts for Armenians, Bulgarians, Greeks, and Germans, who are to have one seat each. Karaims and Krymchaks were excluded from the new quotas although they are recognized as deported peoples, while the Crimean Tatars were allotted 14-parliamentary seats. The deputies also passed a presidential law outlining the president's duties. It says the president will be the highest-ranking official in Crimea, the term of office is four years, and candidates must by Crimeans who are at least 35 years old. The parliamentary elections are set to coincide with elections to Ukraine's national parliament. -Ustina Markus [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Stephen Foye and Louisa Vinton THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.RFE/RL Daily Report
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